1.Since you have learnt english for several years, what do you know about the development or history of English language? 2.What do you think is the most difficult part o
f studying English-pronunciation, grammar,vocabulary or something else?
3.Do you think English has always stayed the same? Give some examples to domenstrate your point . 4. How did these changes happen?
? 1. What is the article about? English and its history. ? 2. What are the three kinds of English discussed in the article?
Old English, Middle English and Modern English.
? 3. Is English still changing?
Reading strategy: reading a history article
What should you pay attention to? Why?
dates, years …help you understand a sequence of events and how pieces of information relate to the text
What is a good idea for you to do when you read a history article?
Make a time chart, listing relevant information such as times, places and events…
Before the middle of 5th century
Three Germanic tribes invaded Britain Vikings began to invaded Britain
Anglo-Saxon (base of old English) Old English
5th---9th century At the end of 9th By the 10th century
Anglo-Saxon (base) Old English language of Denmark ( official language) language of Norway
In 1066,__________________________________________ the Normans conquered England and took control ____________ However, throughout the 250 years,________ French of the country. _________________________________________________ didn’t replace English as the first language. By the latter half of the 14th century___________________ English was adopted ________________________ by all classes in England . In 1399, __________________________________________ English was used for all official occasions. French’s impact on English: 1. More words with similar meanings 2. Words for meat: mutton/ beef/ pork
3. French ways of making plurals
Many pairs of words with similar meanings
the same meaning ( 拿起） lift up pick up
More words with similar meanings.
the same meaning (回答）
man- men shoe—shoes Foot – feet house—houses tooth — teeth glass — glasses Child — children
The word for the animal:
pi g pork / bacon
The word for the meat:
1. When did modern English begin? Modern English began during the Renaissance in the 16th century. 2. What changes had happened during this period of time? Many Latin and Greek words were added to English and pronunciation also underwent huge changes .
3. Is Modern English the end of all these changes?
No , English is a living language and is forever changing.
Time Before the middle of 5th century At the end of 9th century By the 10th century In 1066 By the latter half of 14th century In 1399
Events People in Britain all spoke Celtic The Vikings invaded Britain Old English was the official language of England. Norman conquest English was adopted by all classes in England. Henry IV became King of England and used English for all official occasions.
During the Renaissance in 16th century
Modern English began.
The 9th century
The 5th century
The Germanic tribes (Anglo/ Saxon/ Jutes) (old German)
Normans (1066) (French)
Before the middle of 5th century
Germanic tribes invaded Britain Vikings began to invade Britain
5th----9th century At the end of 9th century
Anglo-Saxon (the base of old English) Old English
By the 10th century
Old English ( official language)
French had an impact on the English language
By the latter half of 14th century
English ---- adopted English -------official occasions.
In 1399 Renaissance changing
made English has many c_________ rules because it is _____ onfusing up of the rules and vocabulary each group of people ___ b_______ to Britain with them. rought At the very beginning, British people spoke C_____. eltic Angles Saxons Jutes Then, three Germanic tribes:______ ______ ______ and Vikings from Scandinavian countries invaded Britain and _____ brought with them their languages. The language they created is the_____ English. Old English c___________ of Old onsisted an Anglo-Saxon base p_____ words from the languages of lus Denmark and Norway.
Old English was the official language of England until ______ the 12th century when Normans i________ England and nvaded _____ control of the Country. The Normans spoke F_____ rench took ______ which had an i______ on English although it did not r____ mpact eplace English as the first language. In 1399, Henry IV became _________ King of England and he used English for all o________ fficial occasions. Modern English began during the Renaissance in __________ the 16th century. Pronunciation u_________ huge changes nderwent during this period. However, this is not _____ ____ of the the end changes. It’s certain that this p________ will continue. rocess
Language borrows words from each other, can you list some of them?
Chinese words from English:
Coffee(咖啡), sofa(沙发), model(模特儿), modern(摩登), Sandwich(三明治), hamburger(汉堡), cartoon(卡通)
English words from Chinese:
Pingpong, kongfu, tofu, lose face,
1. Finish D1 on P24 2. Finish E
Match the new words.
took control of
a. was made up of b. kept( an animal) c. took the place of d. had power over e. difficult to understand f. caused something to exist
Complete the passage on P25.
Answers to Part E:
1. dialects 2. consisted of 3. mixed 4. official 5. vocabulary 6. meat 7. servants 8. mother tongue
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