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江苏省徐州市王杰中学高一英语课件:Unit2 reading(牛津译林版必修4)


Lead-in:

1.Since you have learnt english for several years, what do you know about the development or history of English language? 2.What do you think is the most difficult part o

f studying English-pronunciation, grammar,vocabulary or something else?

3.Do you think English has always stayed the same? Give some examples to domenstrate your point . 4. How did these changes happen?

skimming
? 1. What is the article about? English and its history. ? 2. What are the three kinds of English discussed in the article?
Old English, Middle English and Modern English.

? 3. Is English still changing?
Yes

Reading strategy: reading a history article

What should you pay attention to? Why?
dates, years …help you understand a sequence of events and how pieces of information relate to the text

What is a good idea for you to do when you read a history article?
Make a time chart, listing relevant information such as times, places and events…

Time
Before the middle of 5th century

Event

language

Celtic
Three Germanic tribes invaded Britain Vikings began to invaded Britain
Anglo-Saxon (base of old English) Old English

5th---9th century At the end of 9th By the 10th century

Anglo-Saxon (base) Old English language of Denmark ( official language) language of Norway

Middle English

In 1066,__________________________________________ the Normans conquered England and took control ____________ However, throughout the 250 years,________ French of the country. _________________________________________________ didn’t replace English as the first language. By the latter half of the 14th century___________________ English was adopted ________________________ by all classes in England . In 1399, __________________________________________ English was used for all official occasions. French’s impact on English: 1. More words with similar meanings 2. Words for meat: mutton/ beef/ pork

3. French ways of making plurals

Many pairs of words with similar meanings
the same meaning ( 拿起) lift up pick up

Norse

Anglo-Saxon

More words with similar meanings.
the same meaning (回答)

reply
French

answer
Old English

German way

French way

man- men shoe—shoes Foot – feet house—houses tooth — teeth glass — glasses Child — children

The word for the animal:

ox/ cow

sheep

pi g pork / bacon

The word for the meat:

beef

mutton

Modern English
1. When did modern English begin? Modern English began during the Renaissance in the 16th century. 2. What changes had happened during this period of time? Many Latin and Greek words were added to English and pronunciation also underwent huge changes .

3. Is Modern English the end of all these changes?
No , English is a living language and is forever changing.

Time Before the middle of 5th century At the end of 9th century By the 10th century In 1066 By the latter half of 14th century In 1399

Events People in Britain all spoke Celtic The Vikings invaded Britain Old English was the official language of England. Norman conquest English was adopted by all classes in England. Henry IV became King of England and used English for all official occasions.

During the Renaissance in 16th century

Modern English began.

The 9th century

Vikings (Norse)

The 5th century

The Germanic tribes (Anglo/ Saxon/ Jutes) (old German)

Normans (1066) (French)

back

Retelling
Before the middle of 5th century
Germanic tribes invaded Britain Vikings began to invade Britain

Old English
Celtic

5th----9th century At the end of 9th century

Anglo-Saxon (the base of old English) Old English

By the 10th century

Old English ( official language)

Middle English
Norman conquest

1066
1316

(250years)

French had an impact on the English language

By the latter half of 14th century

English ---- adopted English -------official occasions.

In 1399 Renaissance changing

Modern English
English change
(Latin Greek)

pronunciation dialect

Consolidation
made English has many c_________ rules because it is _____ onfusing up of the rules and vocabulary each group of people ___ b_______ to Britain with them. rought At the very beginning, British people spoke C_____. eltic Angles Saxons Jutes Then, three Germanic tribes:______ ______ ______ and Vikings from Scandinavian countries invaded Britain and _____ brought with them their languages. The language they created is the_____ English. Old English c___________ of Old onsisted an Anglo-Saxon base p_____ words from the languages of lus Denmark and Norway.

Old English was the official language of England until ______ the 12th century when Normans i________ England and nvaded _____ control of the Country. The Normans spoke F_____ rench took ______ which had an i______ on English although it did not r____ mpact eplace English as the first language. In 1399, Henry IV became _________ King of England and he used English for all o________ fficial occasions. Modern English began during the Renaissance in __________ the 16th century. Pronunciation u_________ huge changes nderwent during this period. However, this is not _____ ____ of the the end changes. It’s certain that this p________ will continue. rocess

Language borrows words from each other, can you list some of them?

Chinese words from English:
Coffee(咖啡), sofa(沙发), model(模特儿), modern(摩登), Sandwich(三明治), hamburger(汉堡), cartoon(卡通)

English words from Chinese:
Pingpong, kongfu, tofu, lose face,

1. Finish D1 on P24 2. Finish E

Match the new words.
confusing

created
consisted raised

replace
took control of

a. was made up of b. kept( an animal) c. took the place of d. had power over e. difficult to understand f. caused something to exist

Complete the passage on P25.
Answers to Part E:

1. dialects 2. consisted of 3. mixed 4. official 5. vocabulary 6. meat 7. servants 8. mother tongue


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