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七选五练习及答案


七选五阅读理解
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 (一) __71___ .Being angry doesn’t really solve much, but what people do when they feel angry is important. The goal is to calm down and

try to solve what is bothering you. This is hard for some kids and adults, too. Instead of calming down, some kids might keep getting more and more upset until they explode like a volcano! __72___ .Their anger might be so strong that they lose control of their temper. They may act in ways unacceptable and hurtful. People may say that someone has trouble controlling their temper.__73___ Some kids might get so angry that they scream at their parents, break something , or even worse , hit their brothers or sisters._74____ .However, it’s not OK for a kid to do any of those things .Kids don’t want to act in this way , but sometimes angry feelings can be hard to manage. So what to do? Well, the good news is that kids don’t just have to keep making the same mistakes over and over again.__75___ .Imagine your temper as a puppy inside you that needs some training. The puppy is not bad ---- it will probably turn out a great dog. It just needs to learn some rules because, right now, that puppy is causing some problems to you. A. You can train you temper. B. You don’t want to cause trouble. C. Kids should be allowed to express their feelings, even angry ones. D. Everybody gets angry sometimes. E. In fact, they usually mean that a kid behaves badly when feeling angry. F. Instead of thinking of the person you’re angry with, think of something else. G. Some kids get angry more often or more easily than some other kids. 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ (二) _71_ One of the best things you can possibly do is to start you own club. It’s great fun especially if you are the sort of person who feels there’s never anything to do during the school holidays. The first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club. _72_ Pets, clothes, pop music or dancing groups, sports, making things? The list is endless. Next you need some friends to be in your club with you. _73_ All you need is three or four other people who are interested in the same thing as you. _74 You should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up. That’ll keep you busy for ages. At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. And the first rule should be no grown-ups or little/big brothers or sisters! The best clubs are always secret! Now you have just about everything you need, except membership cards. These are very important and again you can speed a lot of time making them. 75 Why not leave some space for a photo of yourself? That will make the membership card really look like it. So there you are, get clubbing! Once you get started you’ll think of loads of more interesting things
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to do! A. That’s easy. B. Enjoy your own club! C. Invite a designer to join you. D. What are you interest in? E. Some vacation is just around the corner. F. Then you need to pick a name for your club. G. Use a bright thick pen to make a special design. 71.________ 72.__________ 73.__________ 74.___________ 75. ____________ (三) Are you truly happy? Do you ever know what it means to be happy and what it takes to achieve happiness?__71___. The following are a few tips that I follow to create happiness in my life. ※ Make a plan for attaining goals that you believe will make you happy. Your moods will very likely increase if you are going after something you value. ※Surround yourself with happy people. It is easy to begin to think negatively when you are surrounded by people who think that way. ___72___. ※When something goes wrong, try to figure out a solution instead of being absorbed in self pity. Truly happy people don’t allow setbacks to affect their mood because they know that with a little thought they can turn the circumstances back to their favor. ※__73_. These few minutes will give you the opportunity to focus on the positive things in your life and will lead you to continuous happiness. ※ 74 . Whether you treat yourself to lunch, take a long, relaxing bath or simply spend a few extra minutes on your appearance, you will be subconsciously (下意识地) putting yourself in a better mood. ※Finding the humor in situations can also lead to happiness. Find a way to make light of a situation that would otherwise make you happy. ※Keeping healthy is another way to achieve happiness. 75 . A.What makes one person happy may be very different from what makes someone else happy. B.On the contrary, if you are around people who are happy, their emotional state will be infectious. C.Being overweight or not eating nutritious foods can have a negative effect on your mood. D.These are important questions for anyone who is seeking happiness to ask themselves. E.Spend a few minutes each day thinking about the things that make you happy. F.There are some tips in life that lead to happiness. G.It’s also important to take some time each day to do something nice for yourself. 71.________ 72.__________ 73.__________ 74.___________ 75. ____________ (四) Choosing the right job is probably one of the most important decisions we have to make in life, and it is frequently one of the hardest decisions we have to make. One important question that you might ask yourself is: “How do I get a good job?”___71___. There are people who can answer an insignificant advertisement in the local paper and land the best job in the world; others write to all sorts of places all over the country, and never seem to get a reply at all. Still others believe that the in person, door-to-door approach is by far the best way to get a job; and
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then there are those who, through no active decision of their own, just seem to be in the right place at the right time. ___72____. He used to spend a lot of his free time down by the sea watching the tall ships, but never thinking that he might one day sail one of them. His father was a farmer, and being a sailor could never be anything for the boy but an idle dream. One day, on his usual wandering, he heard the captain of the ship complaining that he could not sail because one member of his crew was sick. Without stopping to think, the lad(少年) offered to take his place. ___73___. __74__. If the lad had gone home to ponder(考虑)his decision for a week, he may have missed his chance. It is one thing to be offered an opportunity; it is another thing to take it and use it well. Sometimes we hear stories about people who break all the rules and still seem to land plum jobs 美差) ( . When you go for a job interview or fill out an application, you are expected to say nice things about the company to which you are applying. ___75___. And within a year this person had become general manger of the company. A.This story also illustrates the importance of seizing an opportunity when it presents itself. B.People find jobs in an infinite number of ways. C.it’s almost impossible to find a good job by answering advertisement in newspapers D.Take for example the young man who wanted to be a sailor. E.But there was one person who landed an excellent job by telling the interviewer all the company’s faults. F.He spent the rest of his life happily sailing the ships he had always loved. G.It is very important to seize an opportunity when it presents itself. 71.________ 72.__________ 73.__________ 74.___________ 75. ____________ (五) Before going outside in the morning, many of us check a window thermometer(温度计)for the temperature. This helps us decide what to wear. _______71______ . We want our food to be a certain coldness in the refrigerator. We want it a certain hotness in the oven. If we don’t feel well, we use a thermometer to see if we have a fever. We keep our rooms a certain warmth in the winter and a certain coolness in the summer. Not all the thermometers use the same system to measure temperature. We use a system called the Fahrenheit scale. But most other countries use the Centigrade scale. Both systems use the freezing and boiling points of water as their guide._____72_______ . The most common kind of thermometer is made with mercury(水银)inside a clear glass tube. As mercury (or any other liquid ) becomes hot, it expands. As it gets colder, it contracts(收缩). That is why on hot days the mercury line is high in the glass tube.______73______. First. Take a clear glass juice bottle that has a cap; fill the bottle with coloured water. Tap a hole in the center of the cap using a hammer and thick nail. Put the cap on the jar. Then stick a plastic straw(吸 管) through the nail hole. _______74______. Finally. Place a white card on the outside of the bottle and behind the straw. Now you can see the water lever easily. _______75________. As the temperature goes down, the water will contract, and the lever in the straw will come down. Perhaps you will want to keep a record of the water lever in the straw each morning for a week.
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A. We use and depend on thermometers to measure the temperature of many other things in our daily lives. B. Thermometers measure temperature, by using materials that change in the same way when they are heated or cooled. C. Now that you know this rule you can make a thermometer of your own that will work. D. The water will rise in the straw. As the temperature of the air goes up, the water will expand and rise even higher. E. They label these in different ways. On the Fahrenheit scale water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. On the Celsius scale water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100degrees. F. Take wax (you may use an old candle if you have one) and melt some of it right where the straw is struck into the cap to seal(把..粘住) them together. G. People use thermometers which are made by themselves when travelling around the world. 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ (六) What is your favourite colour? Do you like yellow, orange, red? ___71___ . Do you prefer greys and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy, and you would rather follow than lead. You tend to be pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of colour preference, as well as the effect that colours have on human beings. ___72___ . If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly. ___73___ . A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. ___74___ . A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides(自杀) than any other bridge in the area---until it was repainted green. The number of suicide attempts immediately fell sharply. Perhaps it would have fallen even more if the bridge had been done in pink or baby blue. ___75___ . It is an established fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or grey. A. On the other hand, black is depressing. B. They tell us, among other facts, that we do not choose our favourite colour as grow up --- we are born with our preference. C. The rooms are painted in different colours as you like. D. If you do, you must be an optimist, a leader, an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. E. Light and bright colours make people not only happier but more active. F. Life is like a picture or a poem, full of different colours. G. Colours do influence our moods---there is no doubt about it 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ (七) Dear Sir, I have to travel every day from So UK Road to the airport. Two buses travel along this route: No.49 and No.16. However, by the time No.16 reaches So UK Road, it is always full.__71__ The timetable states that there are buses from So UK Road to the airport every ten
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minutes.__72__ The instructions state that if there are empty seats on a bus, the bus must stop at every stop where people are waiting. __73__ The instructions state that no bus may carry more than 40 seated passengers and 20 standing passengers. Yesterday, I was the first to get off the bus when it reached the airport. __74___ There were 129 of them. Clearly printed on the back of every bus is a sign that says “Maximum speed: 50mph.” ___75__ Saturday morning a No. 49 bus traveled the distance in ten minutes, at an average speed of 60 mph. At times it must have done at least 80 or even 90 mph. It is obvious that our bus companies have neither respect for the instructions nor consideration for their passengers. Can nothing be done about this? Jerry A. I counted the other passengers as they got off. B. Is there anything we can do to change this? C. The problem is that we have to pay more for our trip. D. The distance from So UK Road to the airport is 10 miles. E. This leaves No.49 which sometimes has empty seats on it. F. If this is so, why do I have to wait half an hour for a bus nearly every day? G. Why is it that half-empty buses go straight past me when I am standing at the bus stop? 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ (八) The Internet has opened up a whole new online world for us to meet, chat and go where we’ve never been before. But just as in face to face communication, there are some rules of behavior that should be followed when on line. 71 Imagine how you’d feel if you were in the other person’s shoes. For anything you’re about to send: ask yourself, “Would I say this to the person’s face?” If the answer is no, rewrite and reread. 72 If someone in the chat room is rude to you, your instinct (本能) is to fire back in the same manner. But try not to do so. 73 If it was caused by a disagreement with another member, try to fix the situation by politely discussing it. Remember to respect the beliefs and opinions of others in the chat room. 74 Offer advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure what to do or how to communicate. When someone makes a mistake, whether it’s a stupid question or an unnecessarily long answer, be kind about it. If it’s a small mistake, you may not need to say anything. Even if you feel strongly about it, think twice before saying anything. Having good manners yourself doesn’t give you license to correct everyone else. 75 At the same time, if you find you are wrong, be sure to correct yourself and apologize to those that you have offended. It is not polite to ask others personal questions such as their age, sex and marital status. Unless you know the person very well, and you are both comfortable with sharing personal information, don’t ask such questions. A. It’s natural that there some people who speak rudely or make mistakes online. B. Repeat the process till you feel sure that you’d feel comfortable saying the words to the person’s face. C. Everyone was new to the network once.
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D. The basic rule is simple: treat others in the same way you would want to be treated. E. When you send short messages to a person online, you must say something beautiful to hear. F. You should either ignore the person, or use your chat software to block their messages. G. If you do decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out politely. 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ (九) My mother is a diligent and kind woman. She is very busy from morning till night. As a teacher, she works hard. 71 Both my brother and I love her dearly as she loves us. My mother has been teaching math at a middle school in my hometown. She goes to work early in the morning and does not return home until late in the afternoon. 72 She treats them with patience and teaches them well. For her excellent quality and very good teaching results, she has been elected as a model teacher several times. 73 Every day, when she comes back home from work, she sets about doing housework, sweeping the living room and bedrooms or cleaning the furniture, and putting everything in good order. She seems to be busy all the time. As she has been very busy working every day, she looks older than her age. But she looks as cheerful and happy as ever. Mother never buys expensive dresses for herself, but she often buys some inexpensive but high quality clothes for us. 74 She just eats a plain meal outside when she is too busy to cook herself. She lives a busy yet simple life, without any complaints. Often she says to us, “work while you work, and play while you play. That is the way to be happy and gay. If you do not work, you will become lazy and be of no use to society”. What a piece of good advice this is! 75 This advice of hers will always serve as a guide to my behavior. My mother is great indeed, and I always feel proud of her. A. She enjoys listening to classic music. B. As a mother, she takes good care of us and gives us every comfort. C. She loves her students and cares for them. D. She never goes to expensive restaurants to enjoy meals. E. My mother is hard-working and never wastes money. F. I never forget it and always bear it in my mind. G. Can you tell us something about your mother? 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ (十) A major source of teen stress is school exams, and test anxiety is not uncommon. When you recognize your teen is under stress, how can parents help your teen stay calm before an exam? Be involved. Parents need to be involved in their teen's work. 71 What they look for is your presence - to talk, to cry, or simply to sit with them quietly. Communicate openly with your teen. Encourage your teen to express his worries and fears, but don't let them focus on those fears. Help them get organized. 72 Together, you and your teen can work out a time-table in which she can study for what she knows will be on the test. Provide a calm setting. Help your teen set up a quiet place to study and protect his privacy. Give them a nutritious diet. It's important for your teen to eat a healthy, balanced diet during exam times to
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focus and do her best. 73 If this happens, encourage your teen to eat light meals or sandwiches. A healthy diet, rather than junk food, is best for reducing stress. 74 Persuade your teenager to get some sleep and/or do something active when she needs a real break from studying. Making time for relaxation, fun, and exercise are all important in reducing stress. Help your teen balance her time so that she will feel comfortable taking time out from studying to spend time with friends or rest. Show a positive attitude. 75 Your panic, anxiety and blame contribute to your teen’s pressure. Make your teen feel accepted and valued for her efforts. Most importantly, reassure your teen that things will be all right, no matter what the results are. A. A parent's attitude will dictate their teen's emotions. B. Exam stress can make some teens lose their appetite. C. They will only make the situation worse. D. Encourage your teen to relax. E. The best thing is simply to listen. F. Help your teen think about what she has to study and plan accordingly. G. Your teen may also make negative comments about themselves. 71._______ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________

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Keys: (一)71-75 DGECA (二)71.E 72. D 73. A 74. F 75. G (三)71-75 DBEGC (四)71—75 BDFAE 71. B。根据上下文,选项 B 符合逻辑意义。 72. D。从此空的前后文可以很容易地看出,空后是对空前观点的例解。故选 D。 73. F。根据故事叙述,选项 F 是对所举事例的总结语。 74. A。此空后面是对所举故事的进一步分析,选项 A 是此段的论点。 75. E。从此短的论点“Sometimes we hear stories about people who break all the rules and still seem to land plum jobs”便能看出,只有选与此空前面的观点相反的选项 E,才能和后面的结果相符合 (五)AECFD 71. A。从前面上下文意义可知温度计在我们日常生活中的功能,便可知道选择 A 正确。 72. E。从上文可知“温度计分华氏标准和摄氏标准两种方式计量温度,”选项 E 进一步介绍了这 两种温度计量方式的具体标准。故正确答案是 E。 73. C。本段前一部分介绍了温度计的构造原理,下文根据此原理制造一个能够计量温度工作的 温度计。所以选项 C 符合文意。 74. F。根据上下文的逻辑意义,选项 F 是正确答案。 75. D。从下文可知应选与之对应的选项 D。 (六)DBGAE 71. D。根据下文问答形式可以看出,选项 D 为正确答案。 72. B。根据上文意义,选项填到此空处可以与上文形成排比句式。 73. G。从空后的“A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day.”这句话中可以找出正确 答案为选项 G。 74. A。从与上文的关系空后的“A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides(自杀) than any other bridge in the area---until it was repainted green.” 这句话 中可以找到正确答案选项 G。 75. E。从下文意义可以很容易地推断出 E 为最佳选项。 (七)EFGAD (八)DBFCG (九)BC EDF (十)EFBDA

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