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状语从句 专题复习 一、考点测试 ( ) 1. He can speak English ______ Chinese. A. but B. also C. and D. or ( ) 2. The little boy is very young, ________ he knows a lot. A. so B. but C. though D. if ( ) 3. Be careful, ______ you’ll miss the right answer. A. so B. and C. but D. or ( ) 4. ______ it was late, we were still working. A. Though B. As C. Because D. But ( ) 5. He was ill. ______, he decided to go there with us. A. But B. However C. So D. Besides ( ) 6. She is ____ kind ____ beautiful. We all like her very much. A. both, and B. either, or C. neither, nor D. as, so ( ) 7. Mary caught a bad cold last night, ______ she had to stay at home. A. because B. but C. or D. so ( ) 8. Though he is very old, _______ he can still sing and dance. A. but B. and C. / D. or ( ) 9. He missed the train this morning _______ he got up late. A. so B. because C. if D. but ( ) 10. Sam was reading a newspaper ________ his brother fell on the ground. A. when B. while C. after D. before ( ) 11. _____ Lily ______ Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay at home. A. Not only, but also B. Neither, nor C. Both, and D. Either, or ( ) 12. Jim will visit the Great Wall _____ it doesn’t rain this afternoon. A. if B. as soon as C. when D. before ( ) 13. It’s ____ dark in the room ____ we can’t see anything. A. such, that B. too, to C. so, that D. not, until ( ) 14. Tim asks me if I ____ the meeting. He says if I ____ the meeting, telephone him right now. A. will attend, attend B. will attend, will attend C. attend, will attend D. attend, attend ( ) 15. He didn’t tell me anything _______ he left. A. while B. before C. after D. since 二、考点精讲精练 考点 1:并列连词 (1). 平行关系: and (和, 肯定), or (和, 否定), both…and…(两者都, 后动词复数), as well as (也, 而且) , either…or…(要 么…要么…/或者…或者…), neither…nor…(既不…也不…), not only…but also… (不但…而且), not…but…(不是…而 是…), 如: He has a son and a daughter.他有一个儿子和一个女儿。 I don’t want to go to Guilin or Hainan.我不想去桂林和海南。 Both he and I are good students.他和我都是好学生。 Bob is a doctor as well as a teacher. Bob 是一位医生,也是一位老师。 Either you or I am going to hold the meeting. 要么是你要么是我将要主持这个会议。 Neither the students nor the teacher is happy to hear the news.听到这消息,学生既不高兴,老师也不高兴。 Not only my parents but also my grandmother likes watching TV.不但我父母,而且我奶奶都喜欢看电视。 Not you but I am wrong.不是你错了,而是我错了。 There are two pens and an eraser in my school bag.在我书包盒里有两枝钢笔和一只橡皮 (2). 转折关系:though / although (虽然), even if / even though (即使), but (但是), yet (然而), while (而), however (然而, 前后都有标点符号), or (否则) 。 如: Though / Although he is tired, he goes on with his work. 虽然他累了,但是他继续工作。 Even if (though) I am not willing to work for you, I have no other choices.即使我不愿意为你工作,我也没有别的选择。 I am not clever, but I made great progress by working hard.虽然我不聪明,但我通过努力己取得很大进步。 You promised, yet you have done nothing. 你答应了,然而你什么也没做。 My father is an engineer while my mother is a nurse. 我爸是工程师,而我妈是护士。 Rose studied harder than before. However, she couldn’t pass all the exams. Rose 比以前学习更勤奋,然而她还是不能通过所有的考试。 I must be going now, or I’ll be late. 我现在得走了,否则我要迟到了。 注意:though / although 不能与 but, however 连用,只能用其中的一个,但可以与 yet, still 连用。 Though he is young, but he is very experienced (错).→Though he is young, (yet) he is very experienced. 或者 He is young, but he is very experienced. 虽然他很年轻,但是他经验丰富。 (3). 因果关系:because, for, since, as (因为); so (所以) 。如: He didn’t go to school today because he had a bad cold. 他今天不上学因为他得了重感冒。 My bike was broken this morning, so I was late for school. 我的自行车今早坏了,所以我上学迟到了。 注意:because, for, since, as 和 so 不能连用,只能用其中的一个。如: Because my bike was broken this morning, so I was late for school. (错) → Because my bike was broken this morning, I was late for school.(对)


考点 2:从属连词 (1). when 和 while:两者都表示当…时候。when 后接句子动词可以是持续性的也可以是短暂性的,一般后接句子时 态为一般时。while 后接句子动词一般是持续性的,一般连接的时态为进行时。如: It was snowing when we got to the airport. 当我们到达机场时,天下着雪。 My father was reading newspaper while my mother was cooking. 我爸在读报纸时,我妈正在做饭。 (2). so that, so… that, such…that 与 too…to so that 为了,以便于, so…that… 如此……以至于……, such …that … 如此……以至于……, too…to..太……而不能…… Tom was too tired to do his homework. (划线部分为短语,用 too…to 结构)。Tom 太累而不能做作业。 The teacher spoke loudly so that we could hear him clearly. (划线部分为句子,且表示老师说话大声的目的,故用 so that 结构)。老师说话大声目的是让我们能听清他的话。 He studies so hard that he always does well in his lessons. (划线部分为句子, that 前 hard 为副词,故用 so… that 结构)。他学习如此努力,以致他各科都擅长。 She was such a kind girl that she gave all her money to the poor.
(划线部分为句子, that 前 a kind girl 为名词词组,而且没有 many, much, little 或 few 修饰,故用 such… that 结构)

Mary has so much money that she can buy anything she likes. Mary 有如此多的钱,以致她能买她喜欢的任何东西。 (划线部分为句子, that 前 money 为名词,但 money 前有 much 修饰,故用 so… that 结构)。 (3). 所谓“主将从现”的连词 if (如果), as soon as (一…就…), until (直到…才…), when (当…时), before (在…之前), after (在...之后), unless (除非)等 词连接的时间,条件状语从句时,主句用将来时(有时候是祈使句),从句用一般现在时表将来时。如: We won’t go out(主句) if it is rainy tomorrow(从句). 如果明天下雨,我们将不会外出。 As soon as I arrive in Beijing(从句), I will give you a call(主句). 我一到北京,就会给你电话。 She won’t go to bed until her mother comes back. 直到她妈妈回来,她才去睡觉。 When Tom gets to the classroom, please ask him to hand in his homework. 当 Tom 到教室时,请叫他上交作业。 I won’t write to you before you write to me. 在你写信给我前,我不会写信给你的。 After he sends me the money, I will send him the book. 在他寄钱给我后,我将会寄书给他。 I will leave the company unless it offers me more money. 除非公司给我加工资,否则我就离开。 注意:when 和 if 在宾语从句与条件状语从句时的时态问题。when 和 if 在宾语从句时,后接句该用什么时态就 用什么时态;在条件状语从句时,后接句用一般现在时表将来时。如: I don’t know when he will come(宾语从句,他还没来,用将来时). When he comes (条件状语从句), please ring me up at once.我不知道他什么时候来。当他来时,请马上给我电话。 He wonders if he will go with her this afternoon (宾语从句,他还没去,用将来时). If he goes with her(条件状语从句), he will tell her by himself. 他不知道他下午是否和她去。如果他和她去,他会亲自告诉她。 三、对点专练 循环一 ( ) 1. Help others whenever you can ____ you’ll make the world a nicer place to live. A. and B. or C. unless D. but ( ) 2. –What is our head teacher like, do you know? –Oh, he is very kind _____ he looks very serious. A. because B. though C. if D. when ( ) 3. It’s snowing outside! Put on more clothes, _____ you may catch a cold. A. and B. but C. or D. though ( ) 4. –May I surf the Internet now? –No, ___ you have finished doing the dishes. A. unless B. if C. because D. when ( ) 5. They knew nothing about it _______ his sister told him. A. since B. if C. until D. after ( ) 6. My brother was taking a bath _______ the UFO landed on the street. A. until B. while C. when D. before ( ) 7. _____ you eat too much of that meat, you may fall ill. A. So B. Though C. If D. Since ( ) 8.The scientist knows two languages. He can speak _____ English _____ French. A. either, or B. both, and C. neither, nor D. not, but ( ) 9. –When are you going to tell the bad news to Cindy? –___ she comes back. A. Unless B. As soon as C. Since D. If ( ) 10. She is ______ careful that she seldom makes mistakes in the tests. A. so B. such C. too D. very ( ) 11.The sports meeting will continue _____ it rains this afternoon. A. if B. since C. unless D. as soon as ( ) 12. –What are the students doing? –Girls are flying kites ______ boys are playing basketball. A. when B. after C. while D. as soon as ( ) 13.You must leave here now ____ you can get to the airport on time. A. because B. though C. so D. so that ( ) 14.He will wait until the rain ______. A. stop B. stops C. stopped D. will stop ( ) 15.--Mike wants to know if _____ a picnic tomorrow. --Of course. But if it ______, we’ll visit the museum instead. A. you have, will rain B. you will have, will rain C. you will have, rains D. will you have, rains

循环二 ( ) 1. We won’t wait for you ______ you come here on time. A. if B. unless C. when D. until ( ) 2. _______ my teacher_______my parents say that I should do more exercises. A. Both, and B. Either, or C. Neither, nor D. Not only, but also ( ) 3. The problem is difficult, ______, he has worked it out. A. however B. but C. while D. and ( ) 4. That was our first lesson, ______ she didn’t know all our names. A. for B. but C. so D. or ( ) 5. James bought ______ few eggs _____ he couldn’t make the food he liked. A. so, that B. such, that C. too, to D. in order, that ( ) 6. After climbing the hill, I was ____ tired ____ go home on foot. A. too, to B. so, that C. such, that D. quite, that ( ) 7. He was listening to the music ____ I was watching TV. A. after B. before C. when D. while ( ) 8. _____ it was cold outside, ____ he put on a coat before he went out. A. Because, so B. Because, but C. Though, but D. /, so ( ) 9. You will feel hungry _______ you don’t have breakfast. A. when B. though C. if D. until ( ) 10. Sally really wants a cat, _______ her father won’t let her have one. A. so B. but C. and D. or ( ) 11. You must look left and right ______ you cross the street. A. after B. as soon as C. before D. while ( ) 12. _______ everyone is here, let’s begin the meeting. A. Since B. So C. Before D. But ( ) 13. –This dress was last year’s style. –I think it still looks perfect ______ some people think it is out of style this year. A. so that B. even though C. ever since D. because ( ) 14.The Greens will visit Hainan as soon as they ______ to China. A.gets B. get C.got D. will get ( ) 15.Tell him about the news when he ______, John. –Yes, I will. A. come B. comes C. came D. will come 四.中考链接 ( ) 1. _____ you _____ your brother can join us. We want one of you. (2010 广东) A. Both, and B. Neither, nor C. Either, or D. Not only, but also ( ) 2. I won’t believe that the five-year-old boy can read magazines _____ I test him myself. (2011 广东) A. if B. when C. afterD. until ( ) 3. Ben was busy taking a training test, _______ we have to wait for him for half an hour. (2012 广东) A. so B. if C. or D. but ( ) 4. Think it over, _____ you’ll work out the math problem.( 2013 广东) A. or B. so C. for D. and ( ) 5. —Shall we go for a picnic in the forest park tomorrow? —Yes, _____it rains tomorrow.( 2014 广东) A. if B. unless C. until D. when 五.过关测试 ( ) 1. ____ it was late, she still turned on the TV and enjoyed the programs. A. Because B. Though C. Since D. When ( ) 2. He is a teacher ____ I am a farmer. A. or B. so C. while D. though ( ) 3. The boy is clever, _____, he often makes mistakes because he’s careless. A. and B. however C. though D. but ( ) 4. ____ it was raining heavily, ____ he came on time. A. Though, but B. Though, / C. But, though D. But, / ( ) 5. I like autumn ____ I can have a lot of fruit. A. but B. if C. though D. because ( ) 6. I was very thirsty, ____ I asked for some water to drink. A. than B. for C. so D. as ( ) 7. ___ he had a bad cold, ____ he didn’t go to school today. A. Because, so B. Because, / C. so, / D. /, / ( ) 8. ____Jim ___ Kate has come. I don’t know when they will come. A. Both…and… B. Not only, but also. C. Neither…nor... D. Either…or ( ) 9. He’s at home these days. You may come ____ today ____ tomorrow. A. either… or B. both…and C. not only, but also D. neither, nor ( ) 10. ____ the students _____ their teacher watches the football match on TV. They like football so much. A. Not only, but also B. Both, and C. Either, nor D. Neither, or ( ) 11. ___ I went into the classroom, the students were talking about the film. A. While B. After C. When D. If ( ) 12. I speak slowly ______ you can understand me. A. so B. so that C. as D. since ( ) 13. Be careful, ______ you’ll fall into the river. A. or B. but C. for D. of ( ) 14.He is ____ a lovely boy ___ we all like to play with him. A. so, that B. too, to C. such, that D. much, that ( ) 15. we won’t go to play football this afternoon ______ the rain stops. A. after B. if C. unless D. when ( ) 16. I don’t know if he ______, when he ______, give my best wishes to him. A. will come, will come B. will come, comes C. comes, comes D. comes, will come ( ) 17.They will begin their work _______ they get there. A. if B. until C. as soon as D. before ( ) 18. He keeps on trying ______ there is little hope. A. but B. even though C. because D. so ( ) 19. –Do you enjoy your life here? –Yes, _______ I’m very busy sometimes. A. when B. because C. though D. if


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) 20. –I really want to go and play basketball with you, ___ I have to finish my homework first. –Don’t worry. We will wait for you _____ you finish your homework. A. but, when B. but, until C. however, until D. yet, if ) 21. –Dad, physics is too boring. –Work hard, _____ you’ll find it interesting. A. or B. and C. but D. unless ) 22. The party didn’t start ____ all the guests arrived. A. when B. while C. afterD. until ) 23.He can’t understand me ____ I have explained it to him many times. A. if B. because C. though D. and ) 24. We should _____ help each other, _____ learn from each other. A. neither, nor B. not, but C. not only, but also D. either, or ) 25. I like pop music, but _____ my father _____ my mother likes it. A. both, and B. either, or C. neither, nor D. not only, but also ) 26. Ana was ____ an outgoing girl ____ she made a lot of friends. A. so, that B. such, that C. too, to D. in order, that ) 27.—I am afraid I can’t go to the party tomorrow. —_____you told me you would. What happened? A. And B. So C. Or D. But ) 28. We didn’t catch the train _____ we left late. A. so B. because C. but D. though ) 29. I’ll give the letter to her _____ she comes back. A. until B. as soon as C. before D. since ) 30. You should make a good plan ____ you do anything important. A. before B. after C. though D. until ) 31. I’d like to go shopping with you, ____ I’m too busy today. A. and B. so C. but D. because ) 32. I don’t know when Lucy _____ to see me. When she _____, please tell me. A. will come, comes B. will come, will come C. comes, comes D. comes, will come ) 33. I spent much time learning English. _____, I still couldn’t get a high mark. A. Though B. But C. However D. Or ) 34. –Did you give Dick a call? –I didn’t need to ___ I’ll see him soon. A. when B. though C. until D. because ) 35. Mike walked very fast ____ he could catch the first bus. A. so that B. for C. but D. or ) 36. He is _______ a teacher _______ a doctor. He is a businessman. A. neither, nor B. either, or C. not only, but also D. both, and ) 37. Shall we see the film in the hall ______ in the open air? A. and B. both C. or D. also ) 38. You can ______ come to the office now _______ wait for me at home. It depends on you. A. either, or B. both, and C. neither, nor D. or, or ) 39. Tom does morning exercises _____ he gets up at six.A. if B. when C. afterD. before ) 40. He gave us ____ money ____ some food. So we don’t feel hungry now, but we need money. A. not, but B. not only, but also C. either, or D. neither, nor ) 41. The teacher doesn’t feel well today, _____ she still works very hard. A. but B. and C. or D. then ) 42. Doctor Bai went to see the patient ____ it was snowing heavily. A. because B. and C. but D. though ) 43. I didn’t finish my homework, ____ my teacher was angry with me. A. so B. though C. or D. because ) 44. ―You can’t have them both. You can choose _____ the kite _____ the toy car,‖ said mother. A. either, or B. both, and C. not only, but also D. / , and ) 45. You won’t pass your exams ______ you work harder. A. when B. if C. unless D. after ) 46. The film ―Kung Fu‖ by Zhou Xingchi is _____ interesting ____ I would like to see it again. A. such, that B. too, to C. as, as D. so, that ) 47. We have to get up at 6:30 tomorrow morning, ____ we will be late for the 7:00 bus. A. before B. or C. if D. so ) 48. He has to make much money ____ he can buy his children nice food and clothes. A. so that B. such that C. that D. in order ) 49. ____ they are very tired, they feel happy because they've finally finished their project. A. Although B. So C. If D. But ) 50.—_______ Lily _______Lucy watched the final competition of the Voice of China yesterday. —What a pity! They missed the exciting moment. A. Both, and B. Not only, but also C. Either, or D. Neither, nor




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