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SectionBThe Political Career of femal politician


Mixture of Fact and Opinion

BOOK4
Unit2

As we learned in Book 1, Book2, and Book 3, it is very important to tell the difference between facts and the writer’s opin

ions during the course of reading. But more often, writers mix facts and opinions even within the same sentence.

fact?

Opinion?

BOOK4
Unit2

Have a review at the corresponding knowledge mentioned in Unit 2, Book 1, Unit 3 and Unit 8, Book2, and Unit 2, Book 3.

BOOK4
Unit2

Examples: The Mixture of Fact and Opinion
“ ” (opinion) “ ” (fact)

1. Certainly middle-class audiences did; the workingclass audiences were more likely to clap for a character who revolted against authority, using his wicked little cane to trip it up, or aiming the heel of his boot for a well-placed kick at its broad rear.

BOOK4
Unit2

2. It’s a relief to know that life eventually gave Charlie Chaplin the stable happiness it had earlier denied him. But this one is basically factual because Chaplin did get married in his 50’s as his last marriage.

Text Structure

BOOK4
Unit2

Text Structure Analysis

General Idea
Beginning of Ms. Mbogo’s dream

Her road to success

Comments on her and her winning

BOOK4
Unit2

General idea:
Agatha Muthoni Mbogo —
Ran for mayor of Embu, Kenya, and won. Became a symbol of the increasingly powerful political force women have become in Kenya and across Africa.

BOOK4
Unit2

Beginning of Ms. Mbogo’s dream:

Time and Event — In 1992; running for the Embu Council Her difficulties and the obstacles — little money; no political experience; ridiculous questions about her personal life; misunderstanding among the town’s women; deeply held cultural traditions;

BOOK4
Unit2

Background of her election — Many women had not been taught the basics of political participation; Some political activity among Kenyan Women; Men still have the upper hand, and no Kenya woman has ever held a cabinet post.

BOOK4
Unit2

Ms. Mbogo’s road to success:
Winning her council seat Declining a spot on a so-called “a woman’s committee” and joining the town planning committee Challenging Embu’s mayor and winning with 7 to 6 votes

BOOK4
Unit2

Comments on her and her winning:
Her achievement — Donor groups are now funding projects in Embu in earnest — for new market, a 200-bed section for new-mothers, a dormitory-style home … Comments — Warmly welcomed by the men of Embu; liked by most people of Embu; a refreshing change …

Sentence Structure
Paraphrase Translation

BOOK4
Unit2

I. Sentences Structure

1. … many of whom initially were unwilling to vote for her. (L13) e.g. She has a lot of books. She hasn’t read most of them. She has a lot of books, most of which she hasn’t read. More sentences to practice: 1) They’ve got three cars. They never use two of these cars. 2) He tried on three jackets. None of these jackets fitted him.

BOOK4
Unit2

2. But after independence, leaders jealous to protect their power shut them out of politics, a situation repeated across the continent. (L32) 主语: leaders jealous to protect their power

a situation … 作为补充说明成分

BOOK4
Unit2

II. Paraphrase
1. … because she was voted in by her colleagues on the District Council, all men. (L4)

… because as a female candidate on the District Council, she was made mayor by her male colleagues through the election.

BOOK4
Unit2

2. Education of African women has become a top priority for political activists. (L20)

One of the major tasks of political activists is to teach African women about basic political knowledge.

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Unit2

3. Today, men still have the upper hand. (L35)

Today, men are still holding the positions of control in politics.

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Unit2

4. They give us so many promises, but they don’t deliver the goods. (L68)

They have promised us a lot, but they never keep their promises.

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Unit2

III. Translation

1. For the thousands of women in this farming area two hours northeast of Nairobi, Ms. Mbogo suddenly became a symbol of the increasingly powerful political force women have become in Kenya and across Africa. (L5) 翻译长句的时候,可以拆分成若干短句来译。 恩布市是一个位于内罗毕东北部的农业地区,距内罗 毕需两个小时的车程。在肯尼亚乃至整个非洲,妇女 的政治力量日益壮大。 对于生活在此地的数千妇女来 说,Mbogo成了这种力量的标志。

BOOK4
Unit2

2. Ms. Mbogo has not met with the kinds of abuse that other female politicians have been subjected to, however. (L50)
be subjected to: be forced to experience

但Mbogo并没有像其他女政治家那样受到攻击。

Word Using Word Using Word Using Word Using Word Using Word Using Word Using

Word Using

BOOK4
Unit2

1. run for (L2)

to compete in a race for elected office e.g. Running for Governor
其他与run有关的词组: run after 追赶,追逐 run away 逃跑,离开 run into 偶然碰到,遭遇,陷入 run out 用光,耗尽 run short of 缺乏,不足 in a long run 从长期看 etc.

BOOK4
Unit2

2. launch (L8)

v. ① to star, to initiate; ② to introduce to the public or to a market; ③ to send a ship into the water or a rocket, etc into the sky e.g.
① The enemy launched an attack at

midnight. ② The company decided to launch the new perfume on the internet. ③ That country launched another rocket.

BOOK4
Unit2

3. priority (L20)

n. ① sth. that is most important or that you must do before anything else; ②优先权 e.g. You must decide what your priorities are.

Collocation get, have, take priority give sb./sth. priority

BOOK4
Unit2

4. sack (L25)

n. a large bag get/give a sack 辨析 get/give the sack e.g. ① He finally got the sack after being late again and again.
他最终因为不断的迟到而被解雇了。 ② Give me a sack of potatoes. 给我一袋土豆。

BOOK4
Unit2

5. have the upper hand (L35)

to have the advantage or control over sb. Translation At half time, the Italian team seemed to have the upper hand.

Key
上半场结束时似乎是意大利队占上风。

BOOK4
Unit2

6. against that background (L38)

with sth. in the background
Translation
这个爱情故事是在内战的背景下展开的。

Key

The love story unfolds against a background of civil war.

BOOK4
Unit2

7. witness (L55) ① v. see sth. happen on the spot

Question: Can you describe an accident you witness?
② n. a person who sees sth.

happen on the spot

Group Discussion

BOOK4
Unit2

Based on the studies in the text, discuss the following topic:

What are the key factors towards great success?


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