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caring for our earth


QUESTIONS:
1 2
What serious environmental problems are we facing now in China and the world?

3 4

What are the key factors that lead to the serious environment

al problems? What are the main damages of the environment problem? What effective measures should d be taken to solve those problems?

?Phenomenon ?Causes ?Influence
?Measures

What serious environmental problems are we facing now in China and the world?

Phenomenon

The main environment problem
Global warming

@

White pollution Air pollution Water pollution Deforestation

Global warming
Global warming

?What is the global warming?

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White pollution

Air pollution

Water pollution

Distribution of Water Reservoirs
Ice Caps and Glaciers
1.725%

Oceans 97% Atmosphere 0.01%
Rivers, Lakes, and Inland Seas 0.141%

Soil Moisture 0.0012%

Ground Water 0.4 – 1.7%

Water pollution

What are the key factors that lead to the serious environmental problems?

Causes

The primary cause of the environmental problem Human activities

Reasons

Content Title

Natural causes

Global warming
Natural causes

Species accelerated extinction

Marine ecological
environment deterioration

The main greenhouse gases
?Carbon dioxide ?Methane ?Nitrous oxide ?Other direct GHGs

Human activities
? The burning of fossil fuels ? Forest fires ? Deforestation ? Industrial emissions ? electricity generation ? Transportation

? ……

Global warming

White pollution
plastic garbage didn't get proper management Haven’t set up related system Weak management Not easy recycling

Hard to degrade

Water pollution
Sewage and waste water Marine dumping Industrial waste Radioactive waste: Nuclear waste Oil pollution Underground storage leakages

Air pollution
Natural sources

Dust from natural sources, usually large areas of land with little or no vegetation Smoke and carbon monoxide from wildfires
Volcanic activity

Air pollution
Human activity
"Stationary Sources" "Mobile Sources" Chemicals, dust and controlled burn practices in agriculture and forestry management. Waste deposition in landfills, which generate methane

Deforestation
The direct cause of deforestation is agriculture

commercial agriculture ?, 32% logging, 14% Subsistenc e farming, 48%

Deforestation
Corruption of government institutions The inequitable distribution of wealth and power Population growth and overpopulation, and urbanization Globalization

What are the main damages of the environment problem?

Influence

The damage of environment problem
Global warming
M1 M3 M5 M4 M2

White pollution

Air pollution Water pollution

Deforestation

Environmental effects

Global warming
social system effects

This picture was taken in 1991
This picture was taken in 2000

Global warming
Natural systems Temperature changes Rising sea level Observed decreased in snow Ice extent Changes in regional climate

Global warming
Ecological systems The earlier timing of spring events Pole ward Upward shifts in plant Animal ranges

Global warming

Social system effect ?Food security ?Habitat inundation

White pollution
Visual pollution potentially hazardous

entangling creatures

Marine wildlife

being eaten

Visual pollution

"Visual pollution" refers to the damage to the city appearance and landscape due to the plastic rubbish scattered in the environment. They stimulate people's sense of sight negatively.

Potential hazard
?"Potential hazard" refers to the long-term and deep-seated environmental problem, which occurs when the plastic rubbish is thrown away randomly in the natural environment and has trouble resolving.

Air pollution
Short-term health effects Ozone Depletion Global Warming

Long-term health effects

Smog and Acid Rain

Agriculture and Forests

Water pollution

Harms to the human Harms to the animals Harms to the plants

Deforestation
The Effects of Deforestation on Animals ?Starvation ?Changing Climate and Habitat ?Specialized Habitat Loss

Deforestation
The Harmful Effects of Deforestation on Trees Environmental Changes Global Climate Changes Water Table Changes Biodiversity

Conclusion
Global warming White pollution Air pollution Water pollution Deforestation no clean water no fresh air no soil more plants and animals

lead to

die out

Lead to

No living place starvation (even death)

International effort

National effort

Individual effort

Nature is beautiful

Nature is so beautiful

Nature is so beautiful

The beautiful earth in the space

The Earth Day
Earth Day is a day designed to inspire awareness and appreciation for the Earth’s environment. It is on 22 April. It was founded by U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson (DWisconsin) in 1970 and is celebrated in many countries every year. The first Earth Day was in 1970.

WED
World Environment Day
? (WED) is a day that stimulates awareness of the environment and enhances political attention and public action. ? It is on 5 June.

World Environment Day

In order to slow down the global warming What can we do?

? Use Energy more efficiently ? Use Public Transport and more efficient vehicles ? Take active steps to protect forests, wildlife and our environment

? Reuse Reduce and Recycle

The Ministry do
? ? ? ? Construct Nature reserve Sustainable development Improve the eco-construction Tackle the problems of sand and soil erosion ? Protect rare wild animals and plants ? Develop renewable resources

Nationally designated EcoDemonstration Region

PLASTIC BAGS

Plastic Bags
As the world’s most populated nation, China joins a small group of nations in restricting the use of plastic bags and has become the latest country to declare war on plastic bags. In a drive to save energy and protect the environment, free plastic bags are now illegal in China.

Some new measures taken by the Chinese government
1. A limit on plastics bags

2. Trash classification

We should use those bags

Environmental Protection Organizations
? International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

? 世界环保组织(IUCN)

Environmental Protection Organizations

Green Peace

(international)

Green-peace:
A large international pressure group that aims to protect the environment. Its members are well known for taking direct action and putting their own lives in danger in order to stop people from harming the environment.

UNEP--United Nations Environment Programme

? 联合国环境规 划署

Environmental Protection Organizations

? CECPA
? China Environmental Culture Promotion Association

Environmental Protection Organizations

? International Environmental Protection Organization Association


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