1. I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer，___？ A. do I B. don’t I C. will they D. won’t they 2. ___help if you can，and our country will improve more quickly and better. A. Giving B. Give C. Gi
ven D. To give 3. —— Lucy，you wash the dishes，___ ？ —— Mom，can’t Lily do it？ It’s her turn to do it. A. don’t you B. can you C. shall you D. will you 4. —— I will not take an umbrella with me today. — _____it rains later on in the day？ A. How B. What C. How about D. What if 5. —— You ought to stay up late tonight，____ you？ —— Yes. I’ve got too much homework. A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D. won’t 6. Nothing can stop us from serving the people heart and soul，____？ A. can it B. can’t it C. can they D. can’t they 7. There used to be a church in the small town，_____？ A. used there B. usedn’t there C. used it D. usedn’t it 8. —— She isn’t your neighbour，is she？ —— _______. A. Yes，she isn’t B. No，she is C. Yes，she is D. No，isn’t she 9. —— ______ to be a PLA soldier when I was young. —— And now you are. A. How I wanted B. How did I want C. What I wanted D. What did I want 10. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase，____was very reasonable. A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of that 11. After ten years，she changed a lot and looked different from___she used to be. A. that B. whom C. what D. who 12. ____is known to everyone，the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What 13. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation___he is likely to lose control over the plane. A. where B. which C. while D. why 14. Information has been put forward___more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. while B. that C. when D. as 15. What the doctors really doubt is____my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. what
16. The students of the music school study ____. A. music but also some other subjects B. some other subjects as well as music C. music as well as some other subjects D. some other subjects and music 17. ___air is to man，so is water to fish. A. Since B. Just C. Like D. As 18. There is plenty of rain in the south __ there is little in the north. A. while B. as C. when D. so 19. ___several times about it，but he could not give the correct answer. A. Being asked B. Having been asked C. He would ask D. He had been asked 20. —— I don’t like chicken ___ fish. —— I don’t like chicken，___I like fish very much. A. and； and B. and； but C. or； but D. or； and 21. ___the days went on，the situation there got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 22. ___everybody is here，let’s set out right away. A. Now that B. Because C. For D. After 23. The science of medicine， ___progress has been very rapid lately， is perhaps the most important of all the sciences. A. to which B. in which C. which D. with which 24. We must do the experiment carefully ___Miss Liu told us. A. what B. since C. as D. while 25. Tony will never forget these days ___she lived in China with her mother， ___has a great effect on her life. A. that； which B. when； which C. which； that D. when； that 26. ___I know，they will go to Beijing to watch the Olympic Games in 2008. A. Since B. So far as C. In case D. As if 27. Who do you think the doctor will have___first，John or Kate？ A. examine B. to examine C. examining D. examined 28. —— What are you anxious about？ —— _____. A. Whether we can succeed B. If we succeed C. Do we succeed D. That we can succeed 29. You should put the dictionary ___you can find it easily. A. where B. the place C. the place on which D. what 30. She said to me，“I’ll tell you the result of the test___I know it. ” A. because B. the moment C. after D. though 31. Grandpa used to tell us something about the “Cultural Revolution” ___he had time to spare.
A. as soon as B. as C. so that D. whenever 32. Li Fang is very busy，___she’s always helping others with their lessons. A. but B. although C. so D. for 33. Getting a right job can be difficult ___the students___ prepared to deal with the job interview. A. if；won’t B. unless；will C. unless；are D. if；are 34. Everything depends on__they will support you about it. A. if B. which C. whether D. that 35. She won the first prize in the speech contest and___ surprized us. A. which B. it C. as D. who 36. The Oscar is one of the film prizes __offered to any Chinese actor or actress so far. A. which is not B. that have not been C. that has not D. that has not been 37. He made another wonderful discovery，___ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think is 38. It’s really very dangerous. One more step， ___the baby will fall into the well. A. or B. so C. but D. and 39. She is American，___ she knows little about American history. A. so B. yet C. and D. therefore 40. Information technology is taught in most schools，___we have entered the information society. A. so B. while C. still D. for 41. —— Helen must obey her parents. —— Oh，she must，__ ？ A. must she B. mustn’t she C. shouldn’t she D. should she 42. John must be in the chemistry lab，___ ？ A. mustn’t he B. needn’t he C. isn’t he D. shouldn’t he 43. It was quite a long time___ I made it out what had happened. A. after B. before C. when D. since 44. __the text a second time，the meaning will become clearer to you. A. Read B. Reading C. If reading D. When you read 45. ___does he do his work well，___ he helps others with their work. A. Not only；but also B. Neither；nor C. Either；or D. Both；and 46. __，so he didn’t come to school last week. A. Though he was ill B. Being ill C. Having been ill D. He was ill 47. She tried every way ___ she could find to solve the problem.
A. how B. in which C. that D. which 48. Lily has some idea ___ she’s going to be when she grows up. A. what B. that C. as D. which 49. To play fair is as important as ____，I think. A. to play well B. play well C. we play well D. playing well 50. ___you go，you should bear the motherland in mind. A. Where B. Whenever C. However D. Wherever 简单句、并列句、复合句专练 50 题参考答案与简析 1. C。 当主句为 I don’t think/suppose/believe that. . . 结构时， 其附加疑问句要 和从句的主谓保持一致，并注意否定的转移；anyone，someone，everyone 等不 定代词可用 they 或 he 替代。 2. B。这是一个由 and 连接的并列句，前半部分为祈使句表示条件，后半句 表示结果。本题可解释为：If you give help you can，our country will. . . 。 3. D。本题题干中是带有主语 you 的祈使句，表示吩咐，故用“will you？” 4. D。What if. . . 为固定句型，意为“如果……将如何呢？”。 5. B。陈述部分的谓语由“ought to +动词原形”构成时，其附加问句中的助动 词可用 oughtn’t/shouldn’t 6. A。陈述句部分含有表示否定意义的 nothing 一词，所以附加问句部分用 肯定形式；另外，习惯用 it 来指代 nothing?something?everything 等不定代词。 7. B。含有情态动词 used to 的 there be 句型，其附加疑问句可用 usedn’t there/didn’t there。 8. C。回答否定问句时，英汉有差异。 9. A。本句为感叹句式，how 修饰谓语动词。 10. B。the price of which 相当于 whose price。 11. C。what he/she/it used to be 已经成为一种习惯说法，意为“过去的样子”。 what 指一种情况，并非指“人”，所以不能用 who/whom。 12. B。 本题考查 as 引导的非限制性定语从句。 选项 A 应该构成 It is known to everybody that. . . 句式。 13. A。题中 a dangerous situation 是表示地点概念的名词，故其后要用关系 副词 where 引导定语从句。 14. B。题意：更多的中学生毕业后将进入大学的信息已被提出来了。由于 主句用了被动结构，抽象名词 information 被提前；主句后应是说明 information 的具体内容的同位语从句，从句中无须添加任何成分，故用 that 引导。 15. C。What the doctors really doubt 是主语从句，is 后是一个表语从句。根 据题意及 doubt 的特点，C 是最佳选项。 16. B。 用 as well as 连接两个并列成分时， 意义上强调的是前者， 而 not only. . . but also 强调的则是后者。故本题选 B。 17. D。由 as，just as 引导的方式状语从句，有时也可放在句首，主句前常加 so 与之呼应，以加强语气，而且用倒装语序。本句可译为：空气对于人，犹如 水对于鱼。 18. A。while 意为“而，却”，表示两者的对比，这时它引导的是并列分句。 19. D。 but 是并列连词， 因此前一部分应是个句子， 而不可用现在分词短语。
20. C。在否定句中，并列成分的连接通常用 or，构成完全否定；答语中前 后两分句是一种转折关系，故用 but 连接。 21. D。as the days went on=with the days going on 意为“随着日子一天天过 去。”22. A。now（that）在此表示原因，意为“既然，由于”；because 表示对方 不知道的原因；for 表示原因时，是并列连词，应放于句中。 23. B。句中介词 in 的选用和从句的主谓结构有关，即 progress be rapid in， 这里的 in 意为“在某一方面”，相当于 rapid progress be made in。 24. C。as 可表示方式，意为“按照，如，像”。 25. B。本题前一空考查的是引导限制性的定语从句的关系副词，表示时间 要用 when；后一空考查的是引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词，用 which 指代 主句中定语从句的内容，并在从句中作主语。 26. B。so far as I know 意为“据我所知”。 27. D。who 可以代替 whom 在句中作 have 的宾语。 28. A。主句承前省略，答语只保留了宾语从句；由上下文情景可知 A 是最 佳选项。 29. A。此处 where 引导地点状语从句。 30. B。the moment 意为“一……就”，相当于 as soon as。类似用法的连词还 有：the minute/instant；instantly/immediately/directly 等。 31. D。 本题考查时间状语从句， 表示“无论何时”， 因此用 whenever （=no matter when）来引导从句。 32. A。根据题意应用连词 but 表示转折。 33. C。unless 表示“除非，如果不”；be prepared to do 意为“准备好做某事”。 34. C。介词之后的宾语从句不可用 if 引导，只能用 whether。 35. B。由题干中的 and 可知全句为并列句，it 指代上文的情况。 36. B。本题考查定语从句的引导词及从句的主谓一致问题。因为 one 前无 the/the only，所以定语从句的先行词为 the film prizes?这时从句的谓语用复数。 37. A。which 为关系代词，I think 为插入语。 38. D。 本句为祈使句+and/or+并列分句的句型。 One more step=Walk one more step。 39. B。yet 用作并列连词，可以表示转折或对照，意为“但是，然而”。与 but 相比语气稍弱。40. D。for 用作并列连词，连接两个并列分句，后一分句起对前 一分句进行进一步解释或推断的作用。 41. A。对某人的话表示讥讽或怀疑时，可以重复他的话，所以反意疑问句 中的动词形式和陈述部分应一致；或者都用肯定形式，或者都用否定形式。 42. C。句中情态动词 must 表示对现在情况的肯定推测，所以附加疑问句的 谓语应用 be 的一般现在时形式。 43. B。在“It+be+时间名词+before/since-从句”句型中，连词 before 与 since 极易混淆。用 before 引导时，句意是“过了多久才……”，主句中的 be 动词为过 去时或将来时态；用 since 引导时，其句意是“自从……以来已经多久了”，主句 中的 be 动词多为现在时（或现在完成时）或一般过去时（此时 since-从句要用过 去完成时）。 44. D。选 A 项，错误在于分句间缺并列连词；选 B 项，错误在于主句的主 语并非 reading 的逻辑主语。 45. A。 Not only. . . but also 连接两个并列分句时， not only 分句需用倒装语序，
其它关联词无此功能。 46. D。so 连接表示因果关系的并列句。 47. C。 由于定语从句中缺少宾语， 故只能选 C 或 D； 先行词由 every 修饰时， 关系代词要用 that。 48. A。what 引导同位语从句，在从句中作宾语。 49. A。当两个不定式表示对比关系时，to 不可省去。 50. D。题意为“无论走到哪里，都要牢记祖国母亲”。wherever 引导让步状语 从句。
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