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高中英语词汇,短语汇总


a short cut 近路/捷径 abandon oneself to sth 沉湎于… be able to do sth. 有能力做某事 be capable of doing sth. 有能力做某事 do sth. to the best of one’s ability 尽某人全力做某事 abnormal behavior 反常的行为 above all 最为重要的是

after all 毕竟 in all 总共 not at all 根本不 be absent from school/work 缺课/旷工 be absent-minded 心不在焉的 be absorbed in 专心于… the academic year 学年 have the access to sth./ doing sth. 有机会做某事/有接近…的权利 by accident 意外地 according to 根据… account for 解释;说明 open an account 开户头 take … into account 把…考虑在内 accuse sb. of 指责某人某事/指控某人某事 charge sb. with sth. 指控某人某事 be accustomed/used to sth./doing 习惯于做某事 make a great achievement/great achievements 取得重大成绩 acid rain 酸雨 act as 担任;充当 take action to do sth. 采取行动做某事 take an active part in 积极参加… adapt oneself to sth./doing 适应于(做)某事 be adapted to sth./ doing 适应于(做)某事 add to beauty/difficulties 增添了美丽/困难 add up to 合计达… amount to 合计达… in addition 此外,另外 in addition to sth. 除…之外 admire sb. for sth. 羡慕/钦佩某人某事 admit one’s mistake 承认某人的错误 be admitted to university 被大学录取 adopt one’s advice 采纳某人的建议 adopt a child 收养一个孩子 in advance 预先 advanced technology 先进的技术 take advantage of 趁机利用
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have a big advantage over… 与…相比有优势 be to one’s advantage 对某人有好处 advise sb to do sth. 建议某人做某事 advise doing sth. current affairs 时事 can/ be able to afford sth.支付得起… be named after… 以…来命名 again and again 再三地,反复地 be against one's will 违背某人的意愿 the aged 年老者 agree on / upon sth.. 就…达成一致 agree to one’s suggestion/proposal 同意某人的建议 agree with one’s suggestion/proposal ahead of time 提前 first aid 急救 aim at sth./doing sth. 瞄准某物;旨在做某事 alarm clock 闹钟 be alert to sth./sb. 对…警惕 allow … to do sth. 允许…做某事 allow doing sth. leave …alone 别管… get along/on well with… 与…相处融洽;进展顺利 be amazed/surprised/astonished at… 对…很惊讶 one’s ambition to do sth. 做某事的志向 make an announcement 做一个通知 be anxious about 为…而担心 be anxious for 急于得到… apart from 与…相隔;除了…之外 tell…apart 把…区分开 apologize to sb. for sth. 因…向某人道歉 make an apology to sb. for sth. appeal to sb. for sth. 因…向…呼吁 appeal to sb. 吸引某人 apply…to practice 把…应用于实践 apply for a job/position 申请一个工作/职位 the application form 申请表 make an appointment with sb. 与某人有约 appreciate sth./doing sth. 欣赏/感激做某事 approve of 赞成;同意 argue with sb. about / over sth. 与某人争论某事 arouse one’s interest 唤起某人的兴趣 make an arrangement to do sth. 做出安排做某事 as a matter of fact 实际上 as a result 因此 as a whole 作为一个整体 as follows 如下 as/so long as 只要

as the saying goes 俗语言 as usual 如平常 be/feel ashamed of 对…感到羞愧 fall asleep 入睡 assign too much homework 布置太多的作业 assure sb. of sth./that 使某人相信某事 attempt to do sth.. 尝试做某事 make an attempt to do sth. 尝试做某事 at a loss 不知所措 at all costs 不惜一切代价 at ease 轻松,自在地 at present 目前 at the beginning 最初 at the cost/expense of 以…为代价 at the risk of 冒险做某事 on (an/the) average 平均来说,一般来说 avoid doing 避免做某事 keep/stay awake 保持醒着 award sb. the Nobel Prize 授予某人诺贝尔奖 sb. be awarded the Nobel Prize be aware/conscious of 意识到… back and forth 来回地 go bad 变质 keep the balance of nature 保持自然界的平衡 be banned from 被禁止做某事 snack bar 小吃店,快餐店 go to the barber’s 去理发店 pick up a good bargain 无意中买到一件便宜货 be based on … 建立在…基础之上 be on the basis of … have a bath 洗个澡 be bathed in tears 泪流满面 bathing suit 游泳衣 on the beach 在海滨 bear a share of responsibility 承担一份责任 heart beating 心脏跳动 beg sb. for sth./ to do sth. 乞求某人做某事 begin with… 由…开始 behave oneself 管好自己 fall/lag behind 落后 human being 人类,人 believe in … 信任… make believe that 假设 belong to … 属于… benefit sb. a lot 使某人受益匪浅 benefit from … 从…当中获益
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be beneficial to … 对…有益 do one’s best 尽全力 read between the lines 理解字里行间的意思 big game 大猎物 pay the bill 付帐单 give birth to … 生下… not a bit= not at all 根本不 blame sb. for sth. 责备某人某事 sb. be to blame 某人有责任 fill in the blank 填空 blare the horn 按喇叭 be blind to … 没有意识到… turn a blind eye to … 对…视而不见 blow up/ be blown up 爆炸 notice board 布告栏 on board 在船上 boiled water 开水 booking office 售票处 never bother to do sth. 不操心做某事 bottled juice 瓶装的果汁 at the bottom of 在…的底部 break out 爆发 break away from … 脱离… take a deep breath 深吸一口气 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 out of breath 上气不接下气 make a brief introduction 作一个简洁的介绍 fire brigade 消防队 bring up sb. 抚养某人 bring in sth. 引进… bring about changes 导致变化 browse through the books 随意浏览书籍 bump into sb. 撞上某人;偶遇某人 a bunch of flowers 一束花 burn sth. to the ground 把…烧光 burst into tears 大哭起来 burst out crying 大哭起来 bury oneself in sth. 埋头做某事 be buried in 埋头做某事 business hours 营业时间 none of one’s business 不关某人的事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 be busy with sth. press the button 按按钮 call at sp. 参观某地 call on / upon sb. 拜访某人;号召某人

call off a meeting 取消会议 cancel a meeting 取消会议 calm down 镇静下来 go on a camping trip 去野营 on the campus 在校园里 a candidate for a post/position/job 某职位/工作的申请者/侯选人 cannot help doing 禁不住做某事 cannot help but do sth. 只能做某事 cannot help to do sth.. 无法帮忙做某事 care about … 关心,忧虑… care for pop music 喜欢流行音乐 take good care of… 好好照顾… pursue an educational career 从事教育生涯 carry on one’s work 继续某人的工作 carry out a plan 实施一项计划 in case of fire 以防下雨;万一下雨 in this/that case 如果这样/那样的话 cash desk 收银台;柜台 take a casual look at… 随意地看一下… the catalogue card 目录卡片 catch a cold 感冒 catch fire 着火 catch hold of sb. 抓住某人 catch sight of… 看见… catch up with sb. 赶上某人 catch one’s attention to… 引起某人对…的注意 causes and effects 因果 celebrate the wedding anniversary 庆祝结婚纪念日 the central government 中央政府 the wedding ceremony 结婚仪式 face the challenge 面对挑战 win the championship 获冠军称号 lose the golden chance 错失良机 miss the good opportunity change one’s mind 改变主意 the English Channel 英吉列海峡 the Movie Channel 电影频道 charge (sb.) …for sth. 因…向某人索价… free of charge 免费地 charge sb. with sth. 控告某人某事 take charge of sth. 负责某事 in the chatting room 在聊天室里 cheat in the exams 考试作弊 check in 登记(入住) check out 结帐 cheer up 欢呼;喝彩
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cash the cheque/check 兑现支票 the chief editor 主编 Children’s Day 儿童节 have a better choice 有一个更好的选择 choose to do sth. 选择做某事 in the church 在教堂里 under this circumstance 在这种情况下 the citizens of Shanghai 上海市民 the Civil War 国内战争 the social classes 社会等级 classical music 古典乐 clear up (天气)放晴;清除(安静) close down a factory 关闭一家工厂 get close to… 接近… take a close look at… 仔细地看一下 close friends 亲密的朋友 get/find a clue to a crime 找到犯罪线索 Zip Code 邮编 have a collection of 500 stamps 集了 500 枚邮票 combine A with B 将 A 与 B 结合在一起 come about—happen 发生 come across sb./sth. 偶遇… come down with a disease 因(疾病)而病倒 come out 出版;出现 come to oneself 苏醒过来 come true …实现了 When it comes to …, … 关于;谈到… have a good command of English 对英语掌握地很好 comment on / upon…对…进行评论 have a comment on/upon…对…进行评论 commit a crime 犯罪 common sense 常识 have …in common 有…共同点 communicate with sb. 与某人交流 communicate sth. to sb. 把某事传达给某人 the Communist Party of China 中国共产党 be compared to/with … 与…相比 in/ comparison to …与…相比 compete with … 与…相竞争 in the competitive society 在竞争激烈的社会里 complain of/about… 抱怨… complain to sb. about sth. 向某人抱怨/投诉某事 be composed of 由…组成 consist of … be made up of reading comprehension 阅读理解(力)

personal computer (PC) 个人电脑 concentrate on / upon … 集中注意力于… be concerned about… 关心/忙于… form/reach/come to/arrive at a correct conclusion 得出一个正确的结论 improve people’s living conditions 改善人们的生活条件 on condition that 以…为条件;如果 be full of confidence 充满信心 have confidence in … 对…有信心 be confident of … 对…有信心 be in conflict with … 与…发生冲突 be confused with … 对…感迷惑 congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人某事 be connected with … 与…有关系 be connected to the Internet 与因特网相联 be conscious of / that 意识到… be aware of/ that 意识到… a clear conscience 无愧于心 cause serious consequences 导致严重的后果 under construction 仍在建造中 the construction site 建筑工地 consult a dictionary 查阅字典 refer to a dictionary 查阅字典 protect the rights of consumers 保护消费者的权益 make contact with… 与…联络 the contents of a book 书的目录 a speech contest 一场演讲比赛 the Continent 欧洲大陆 sign a contract 签一份合同 on the contrary 相反地 contrary to one’s expectation 与某人预料的相反 in contrast to … 与…相对比 contribute money to … 捐款给… contribute to … 有助于… be in control 在掌控中 be out of control 失控 convenient communication 方便的交流 private conversation 私人谈话 co-operate with sb. 与某人合作 cost one’s life 使某人丧生 in the course of … 在…过程中 in the court 在法庭上 be covered with … 被…所覆盖 air crash 空难 be crazy about … 为…疯狂
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create the opportunities 创造机会 credit card 信用卡 cross talk 相声 the Red Cross 红十字会 be crowded with 挤满… cruel behavior 残忍的行为 the cultural difference 文化差异 cure sb. of … 治愈某人的疾病 be curious about … 对…很好奇 current affairs 时事 social customs 社会习俗 cheat customers 欺骗顾客 cut down the price 降低价格 do damage to 对…造成损伤 the damp weather 潮湿的天气 in danger 处于危险之中 date from/date back to 回溯到 in the dark 在黑暗中 from dawn to dark 从早到晚 in the daytime 在白天 turn a deaf ear to 对…充耳不闻 how to deal with 如何处理 what to do with a great deal of money 大笔的钱 debate with sb. 与某人辩论 be in debt 欠债 pay off the debt 还清债务 for decades 数十年来 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 make a decision to do sth. make up one’s mind to do sth. be determined to do sth. declare the war 宣战 decline one’ invitation 婉拒某人的邀请 do a good deed 做一件好事 deep in thought 陷入沉思 defeat the enemies 击败敌人 defend one’s homeland 保卫祖国 make a clear definition 下明确的定义 the doctoral degree 博士学位 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 delicious food 美味的食物 to one’s delight 令某人高兴的是 deliver newspaper 投递报纸 a demanding task 一项要求高的任务 deny doing sth. 否认做某事

the English Department 英语系 depend on/upon 依赖…;决取于… be dependent on/upon be independent of 独立于… deserve the praise 应得到奖励 desire to do sth. 渴望做某事 in despair 绝望地 get to the destination 到达目的地 in details 详细地 a detective novel 一部侦探小说 a developed country 一个发达国家 with the development of society 随着社会的发展 devote oneself to sth. 全心地奉献于 dial the number 拨号 keep a diary 记日记 on a diet 节食 a well-balanced diet 均衡的饮食 differ from 与…不同 be different from make a great difference 起很大作用 have difficulty in doing sth. 做有困难 a digital camera 一台数码相机 in the direction of 朝着…方向 help the disabled 帮助残疾人 make a great discovery 有重大发现 discuss with sb. over/about sth. 与某人讨论某事 distinguished scientists 杰出的科学家 divide …into 把…分成 donate blood 献血 there is no doubt that 毫无疑问 download a file 下载一份文件 go to the downtown 去商业区 draw one’s attention to 引起…注意力 draw to a close 接近尾声 dream of doing sth. 梦想做某事 be dressed in sth. 某人穿着… be driven mad/crazy 被迫疯了 drop in on sb. 顺便拜访某人 drop in at sp. 顺便去某地 due to 由于 ;因为 on duty 在值 help each other 互相帮助 be eager to make progress 渴望取得进步 earn/make a living 谋生 on earth 究竟;到底 at ease 轻松自在地 take it easy 放松;别紧张 eat one's words 食言
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the economic situation 经济状况 economy class 经济舱 the chief editor 主编 have a great effect/impact on …对…有重大影响 take an effective measure to do sth. 采取有效的措施做某事 an efficient machine 一台高效的机器 make all efforts to do sth. 全力以赴做某事 make every effort to do sth. be elected president 当选为总统 electric light 电灯 save electricity 节约电;省电 electronic parts 电子零部件 elementary school 小学 feel embarrassed 感到局促不安的 in case of emergency 在紧急情况下 emotional factors 感情因素 put/lay emphasis on … 重点强调… enable sb. to do sth. 使某人能够做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 end up with sth. 以某事而告终 end up by doing end up in failure 以失败而千终 in the end 最后;终于 endure great hardship 忍受苦痛 be full of energy 精力充沛的 be engaged in doing sth. 从事于做某事 the engine of a train 火车引擎 ensure that …确保… enter for a competition 报名参加比赛 a joint enterprise 一家合资企业 entertain oneself 自娱自乐 show one’s enthusiasm for soccer 表现出对足球的热情 the College Entrance Examination 高考 protect the environment of nature 保护自然环境 offer equal opportunities 提供平等的机会 equal rights 平等的权利 A be equal to B A 等于 B commit an error = make a mistake 犯错 escape from punishment 逃避惩罚 escape being punished the name/date escapes sb. 某人忘记了名字、日期 a narrow escape 九死一生 It is estimated that 据估计

overlasting friendship 永久的友谊 It is evident that … 很明显 take/ have an exam 参加考试 for example = for instance 例如 exchange seats with sb. 与某人交换座位 exchange information/ ideas 交流信息、想法 to one’s excitement 令某人兴奋的是 excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 excuse sb. from swimming 允许某人不去游泳 find/have an excuse to do sth. 找借口做某事 take/ do exercise 进行体育锻炼 go to an exhibition of arts 去一个艺术展 be in existence = exist 存在 leave from an emergency exit 从一个紧急出口离开 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 expect sb. to do sth. 期待某人做某事 contrary to parents’ expectation 与父母的期望相反 living expenses 生活开支 at the expense of 以…为代价 personal experiences 个人经历 an experienced pilot 有经验的飞行员 do/ carry out an experiment 做一个实验 an expert in/on medical science 医学专家 explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释某事 explode with anger 大发雷霆 exploit the natural resources 开发自然资源 be exposed to English-speaking envioronment 接触英语语言环境 express one’s thanks 表达某人的感激 extend thanks to sb. 正式表达对某人的感激 to some extent 从某种程度上讲 protect the rare animals from extinctio 保护稀有动物免于灭绝 catch one’s eye 引起某人的注意力 eye exercises 眼保健操 turn blind eyes to 对…视而不见 protect one’s eyesight 保护视力 face to face 面对面地 face up to 勇于面对…
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be faced with 面临着… teaching facilities 教学设施 in fact 实际上 as a matter of fact emotional factors 情感因素 fail to do sth. 没能做某事 Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母 have faith in … 信任…;信仰… fall behind 落后 fall asleep 入睡 fall in love with 爱上某人 A be familiar with B A 熟悉 B B be familiar to A be famous for 因为…而著名 be famous as 作为…而著名 be famous to sb. 为某人所熟知 basketball fans 篮球迷 as far as I know 就我所知 as far as I am concerned 就我而言 be far from perfect 远不够完美 bus fares 公车费 say farewell to sb. 与某人告别 on the farm 在农场里 fashionable clothes 时尚的衣服 fatal accidents 致命的事故 It’s one’s fault to do sth. 是某人的过失 do sb. a favor 帮助某人 in favor of 支持;赞成 for fear of 由于害怕… feasible methods 可行的措施 feed on sth. 以…为生 feel like doing sth. 想做某事 fertile soil 肥沃的土地 observe the traditional festivals 欢度传统节日 science fiction 科幻小说 in the field of science and technology 在科技领域 a fierce battle 一场激烈的战斗 fight against sb. 与某人相对抗 figure out… 计算出;弄清楚 fill in the blank 填空 be filled with 装满… make a film 拍电影 make a final decision 作出最后的决定 the financial situation of a nation

一个国家的金融状况 find out 查出 pay a fine 付罚款 finish off 吃完;喝完 catch fire 着火 make a fire 生火 on fire 着火 first of all 首先 be fit for 适合于… fix one’s eyes on / upon 盯着…看 speak fluent English 说一口流利的英语 focus on 集中于…之上;聚焦于… fold up 折叠 follow one’s advice 听从某人的建议 follow the instructions 按照说明 be fond of 喜欢 on foot 步行 for example/for instance 取例;例如 for the purpose of 为了…目的 for the sake of 为了…利益/好处 forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 force sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 in the form of 以…的形式 form a correct conclusion 得出正确的结论 the former… the latter…前者…后者 back and forth 来回地 make a large fortune 发大财;赚钱 look forward to doing sth. 盼望着做某事 to be frank 老实说,坦白讲 make friends with sb. 与某人交友 be friendly to sb. 对某人友好 be frightened of sb./ sth. 害怕某人或某物 from beginning to end 从头到尾 from then on 从那时起 from time to time 时不时地 go to the front 去前线 frozen food 冷冻食品 fruit bowl 果盆 fulfill one’s duty 履行某人的职责 make fun of 取笑… the functions of a machine 一台机器的功能 raise funds 筹集基金 make further efforts 做进一步的努力 in the near future 在不久的未来
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No pains, no gains. 不劳则无获 abandon oneself to playing video games 沉溺于玩电子游戏 shorten the generation gap 缩短代沟 gather at the school gate 在校门口集合 gaze at sb. 凝视某人 in general 一般地 generally speaking 一般来讲 be generally accepted 被普遍接受 be passed down from generation to generation 被代代相传 get along well with sb. 与某人相处融洽 get together 聚会 get over the great pain 克服极大的痛苦 have a great gift in doing sth. 在做某事方面有天赋 give out papers 分发试卷 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 give in to sb. 向某人屈服 be glad to do sth. 很高兴做某事 glance at 扫一眼 global warming 全球升温 win a great glory 赢得极大的荣誉 go on doing sth. 继续做某事 go on to do sth. 继续做另一件事 go over the learned knowledge 复习学做的知识 go bad 变质 go wrong 出错;发生故障 achieve one’s goal to do sth. 实现某人做某事的目标 lose the golden chance 错失良机 miss the good opportunity be good for… 对…有好处 do good to … Thank goodness. 谢天谢地! graduate from the university 从大学毕业 get a general idea of the grammar rules 大致了解语法规则 take it for granted that 认为…理所应当 grasp the true meaning of 抓住某事的真谛 be grateful/thankful to sb. for sth. 因为某事而感激某人 show one’s gratitude to sb. for sth. be burnt to the ground 被烧成灰烬 have a great effect on children’s growth 对孩子的成长有好处
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on guard 站岗 have a guess of the meaning 猜出…意思 the guests present 在场的客人 be guided by sb. 在某人的引导下 feel guilty 感到内疚的;感到有罪的 play the guitar 弹吉他 get into the habit of … 养成…习惯 form the habit of … hand in one’s test paper 交试卷 hand out one’s test paper 分发试卷 hand in hand 手拉手 handle the complicated situation 处理复杂的情况 hang up the line 挂断电话 be hanged 被绞死 happen to be doing sth. 碰巧正在做某事 happen to have done sth.碰巧做过某事 …happen to sb. 某人发生了某事 Hardly had sb. done … when sb. did 一…就 No sooner had sb. done …than sb. did 一…就 endure great hardship 忍受极大的痛哭 do harm to … 对…有害 be harmful to … have a good/wonderful time 玩得开心 have/take a close look at 仔细看一下 have an advantage over … 与…相比占优势 have a great headache 十分头痛 the headlines of a newspaper 一份报纸的大标题 in good/bad health 身体健康/不好 keep healthy/fit 保持身体健康 hear about …听说关于… hear from 收到某人的来信 heart and soul 全心全意地 put …into heart 牢记… help sb. out 帮助某人摆脱困难 be helpful to … 对…有益 here and there 到处 hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事 without hesitation 毫不犹豫地 think highly of 高度评价 speak highly of 高度赞扬 hint at doing sth. 暗示做某事 a historic event 一件有历史意义的事件 in the history of human being
Sorted by MRZJL -8-

在人类的历史上 take up good hobbies 有好的爱好 hold back one’s feeling 抑制某人的情感 hold on 坚持 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 hold/keep one’s temper 不发脾气 be held up in the traffic jam 在交通堵塞中被搁置 on holiday 在度假 feel homesick 感到想家的 assignment homework 布置家庭作业 to be honest 老实说 a honorable professor 一位可敬的教授 in honor of 向…表示敬意;为了纪念 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 feel hopeful for the future 对未来充满希望 broaden one’s horizon 拓宽某人的视野 air hostess 空中小姐 get paid by the hour 按小时支付酬劳 do housework 做家务劳动 the sense of humor 幽默感 hunt for a job 找工作 hurry up 抓紧时间 in a hurry 匆忙地 hurry to do sth. 匆忙去做某事 get hurt 受伤 have/get a good idea 某人想到一个主意 a good idea occurs to sb. 某人想到一个好主意 be ignorant of sth. 对某事一无所知 ignore the importance of sth. 忽略某事的重要性 illegal immigrants 非法移民 illegible handwriting 难以辨认的书写 an imaginary story 一个虚构的故事 imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 imitate the behaviors of parents 模仿父母的行为 have a great impact/effect/influence on sb. 人产生极大的影响 be impatient with …对…不耐烦 the implied meaning 隐含的意思 be of great importance 非常重要 be impressed with/by …对…印象深刻 leave/make a deep impression on sb.

对某

给某人留下深刻印象 improve the living conditions of people 改善人们的生活条件 sth. be inaccessible to sb. 某事对于某人来说很难办 Give sb. an inch and he will take a mile. 得寸进尺 annual income 年收入 A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情 be dependent on 依靠… be independent of 独立于… The survey indicated that 调查表明… the great development of industry 工业的极大发展 get infected 受感染 infer from the context 从上下文推断 inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某事 keep sb. well informed of sth. 让某人清楚地了解某事 inherit sth. from parents 从父母身上遗传… get seriously injured in the accident 在事故中受重伤 innocent victims 无辜的受害者 inquire at the booking office 在售票处问询 insist on doing sth. 执意要做某事 install the efficient network 安装高效的网络 for instance/example 例如 instant noodle 方便面 by instinct 通过本能 follow the instructions 按照用法说明 an intelligent student 一位聪颖的学生 intend no offence 非有意冒犯 be intended for 为…而准备 have no intention of doing sth. 没有做某事的意图 handle international affairs 处理国际事务 make friends through the Internet 通过因特网交友 interrupt sb’s speech 打断某人说话 a job interview 工作面试 introduce sb. to sb. 向某人介绍某人 invade sb.’s privacy 侵犯某人的隐私 invest money in stocks 投资于股票
Sorted by MRZJL -9-

decline sb.’s invitation 婉拒某人的邀请 invite sb. to the party 邀请某人去聚会 the inviting food 诱人的食物 be involved in a heated discussion 参与激烈的讨论 be involved in 与…有关;涉及某事 have an iron will 有坚强的意志 be isolated fom one’s friends 与朋友们相隔离 the Febuary issue 二月刊 be put into jail/prison 被送入监狱 be held up in the traffic jam 耽搁在交通堵塞中 join the army 参军 join in the activities 参加活动 the joint enterprise 合资企业 play a joke on sb. 和某人开玩笑 a respectable journalist 一位受人尊敬的新闻记者 make journeys to sp. 旅行去某地 to one’s great joy 使某人大为高兴的是 judging from one’s appearance 从某人的外表来判断 high jump 跳高 long jump 跳远 jump with joy 高兴地跳起来 keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 keep up with the pace of new age 跟上时代的步伐 the key to the questions 问题的答案 kidnap an innocent child 绑架一个无辜的孩子 fly kites 放风筝 have a knack for learning languages 有学语言的技能 kneel down 下跪 knock down sb. 撞倒某人 have a knowledge of sth. 掌握某方面 in the language lab 在语言实验室 lack oxygen 缺氧 be lacking in oxygen for the lack of oxygen 由于缺氧 protect the land resources 保护土地资源 native language 母语 mother tongue last but not least 最后的但也是重要的 The fire lasted an hour. 火灾持续了一小时。 the lastest news 最近的新闻 the former…, the latter… 前者…后者 laugh at doing sth. 取笑做某事 burst into laughter 突然大笑起来

burst out laughing the successful launch of Shenzhou VI 神州六号的成功发射 law and order 法治 obey the law of nature 遵守自然的法则 lay laid laid lay eggs 下蛋 lead to doing sth. 导致做某事 learn English by oneself 自学英语 a learned professor 一名有学问的教授 at least 至少 at most 至多 leave for sp. 出发去某地 leave sth. out 把某事漏掉 be left behind 落后、 ask for leave 请假 give a lecture on sth. 作一个有关某事的讲座 one’s legal behaviors 某人的合法行为 at one’s leisure 在某人休闲的时候 lend sb. a hand 帮某人一个忙 do sb. a favor let sb. out 放出某人 liberate from sth. 从…中解放 lie to sb. 向某人撒谎 lie lied lied lie down 躺下 lie lay lain lie in 在于,位于 spend the rest of one’s life 度过余生 in one’s early life 在某人早年时 be likely to do sth. 有可能做某事 limit the chance of getting success 限定获胜的机会 line up to buy tickets 排队买票 be linked to sth. 与某事相联,有关系 make a list of advantages and disadvantages 列出优点和缺点 no litter 不准乱扔垃圾 not a little = very, much not a bit = not at all pay the bank loan 支付银行贷款 the local government 当地政府 be located in 坐落(在) find a suitable location for …找到…的合适位置 form/reach/arrive at a logical conclusion 得出符合逻辑的结论 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 long for sth. 渴望某事 no longer= not any longer 不再 make long-term efforts 做长期的努力 have a close look at 仔细地看一看
Sorted by MRZJL - 10 -

look after sb. 照顾某人 look down on/upon sb. 瞧不起某人 look forward to doing 盼望做某事 look up sth. in the dictionary 查字典 refer to the dictionary lose heart 灰心 at a loss 不知所措 lower one’s voice 降低声音 show one’s loyalty to the country 表示对国家的忠诚 try one’s luck 碰碰运气 unload the luggage 卸行李 suffer from lung cancer 患肺 an efficient machine 一台高效的机器 be driven mad/crazy 被逼疯 a magical legend 一个神秘的传说 send sth. by mail 邮寄 grasp the main idea of a passage 掌握一篇文章的主要大意 build up a bridge between Taiwan and the mainland 在台湾和大陆之间建起一座桥梁 maintain the good relationship 维持良好的关系 major in engineering 主修工程学 the majority of dentists 大多数牙医 make off 匆匆离开 make up a story 编一个故事 be made up of 由…组成 be composed of/ consist of 由…组成 make up for the lost time 弥补失去的时间 manage to do sth. 设法成功地做了某事 the man-made satellite 人造卫星 It is good manners to do sth./that 做某事有礼貌 a good many tourists 许多游客 the Long March 长征 in the competitive market 在竞争激烈的市场上 marry sb. 娶/嫁某人 be married to sb. 与某人结婚 master several languages 精通多种语言 chemical materials 化学材料 as a matter of fact 实际上 sth. doesn’t matter 某事不要紧 become mature gradually 逐渐成熟 be elected mayor of Shanghai 当选为上海市市长 mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

mean to do sth. 打算去做某事 by means of 用;以某种方式 in the meantime 与此同时 at the same time measure the height of a building 测量大楼的高度 take effective measures to do sth. 采取有效的措施做某事 a skilled mechanic 一个熟练的技工 win a gold medal 得金牌 medical insurance 医疗保险 a memorable event 一件值得纪念的事情 in memory of 为了纪念 physical and mental health 身心健康 as mentioned above 如上所提及 in a mess 一团糟 leave a message for sb. 给某人留个条 learning methods 学习方法 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 make up one’s mind to do sth. 下定决心做某事 decide to do sth. be determined to do sth. determine to do sth. the minority 少数民族 one’s miserable experiences 某人悲惨的经历 a missing child 失踪的孩子 a lost child complete one’s mission 完成某人的任务,使命 make a mistake 犯错 commit an error have a misunderstanding of 误解 mix A with B 把 A 与 B 相混合 a mobile phone 一部手机 modern society 现代社会 be modest about sth. 对…很谦虚 at the moment 目前,此刻 be worth the money 值钱 make money 赚钱 in good mood 心情好 in the mood of doing sth. 有心情做某事 moral standards 道德标准 more or less 或多或少 climb the mountain 爬山 the Movie Channel 电影频道 multiply A with B A 乘以 B pay a visit to the museum 参观博物馆
Sorted by MRZJL - 11 -

be named after sb.以某人的名字来命名 a narrow escape 九死一生 native language 母语 mother tongue protect natural resources 保护自然资源 protect the environment of nature 保护自然环境 couldn’t put up with a naughty boy 无法忍受一个淘气的男孩 go to a grocery nearby 去附近的杂货店 There is no need to do sth. 没有必要做某事 have a negative effect on 对…产生消极/否定的影响 negotiate with sb. 与某人谈判协商 feel nervous about the College Entrance Examination 为高考而感到紧张 There is no doubt that 毫无疑问 no wonder 不足为奇 make noises 制造嗓音 none of sb.’s business 与某人无关 instant noodle 方便面 the normal temperature 正常的体温 take notes 记笔记 make trouble for nothing 无事生非 take notice of 注意 pay attention to doing sth. now that = since 既然 now and then 时不时地 nuclear weapons 核武器 get nutrients from milk 从牛奶中获取营养成份 obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则 observe the traffic regulations object to doing sth. 反对做某事 have objection to doing sth. be opposed to doing sth. set the objective of doing sth. 树立做某事的目标 oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 be obliged to sb. for doing sth. 因某事而感激某人 overcome the obstacles 克服障碍 It is obvious/clear/evident that 很显然 on the occasion of 在做某事的场合/情况 in the situation of under the circumstance of occupy=take up 占据;占有 A good idea occurs to sb 某人想到一个好主意

It occurs to sb. that 某人想到 intend no offense 非有意冒犯 offer sb. sth. 提供某人某物 offer sth. to sb. provide sb. with sth. provide sth. for sb. supply sb. with sth. supply sth. to sb. offer to do sth. 主动提供做某事 the Olympic Games 奥运会 the Olympics omit the details 省略细节 once in a while 偶尔 at once = right away=immediately 立即 be open to the public 对公众开放 in the open air 在户外 the Beijing Opera 京剧 operate on sb. 给某人做手术 do an operation on sb. the telephone operator 电话接线员 in one’s opinion 就某人的观点 hold the opposite opinion that 持有相反的观点 beat the opponent 打败对手 lose the good opportunity 坐失良机 miss the golden chance A be opposite to B A 与 B 相反 the oppressed slaves 被压迫的奴隶 oral practice 口头训练 order the dishes 点菜 in good order 有次序 out of order 混乱 ordinary people 平民 a charity organization 一个慈善组织 the origin of civilization 文明的起源 the original 原著 in other words 换句话说 other than 除了 the other day 前几天 the outcome of an experiment 实验的结果 outdoor activities 户外活动 a promising outlook 有前途的前景 output and input 输出和输入 make outstanding achievements 取得突出的成绩 over and over again 一次又一次地 the overall output 总产量
Sorted by MRZJL - 12 -

move overseas 移居海外 owing to 由于 due to/ because of of one’s own 某人自己的 lack oxygen 缺氧 keep up with the pace of the new age 跟上新时代的步伐 pack up the luggage 打包行李 endure great pain 忍受极大的痛苦 memorize painful experiences 回忆起痛苦的经历 be fond of Chinese Paintings 喜欢中国国画 pay a visit to the Palace Museum 参观故宫博物馆 read the following paragraphs 阅读下列段落 beg one’s pardon 请求某人的原谅 no parking 禁止停车 play an important part in sth. 在某事当中起重要作用 take an active part in sth. 积极参加某事 participate in sth. 参加某事 the participants of this social activity 这项社会活动的参加者 be particular about food 对食物十分挑剔 pass the examination 考试及格 pass away 逝世 pass by 路过 pass down sth. from generation to generation 世代相传 pass on 传递,传授 ensure the safety of passengers 确保乘客们的安全 have a great passion for soccer 强烈地热爱足球 a valid passport 一张有效的护照 in the past few years 在过去的几年里 pat sb. on the shoulder 拍某人的肩膀 pave the way 铺路 pay the bill 付帐 pay off the debts 还清债务 pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事 take notice of doing sth. pay a visit to the Summer Palace 去颐和园参观 live a peaceful life 过着安宁的生活

be awarded the Nobel Prize for one’s perfect performance 因为某人的完美表现而被授予诺贝尔奖 during the long period of growth 在成长的很长阶段之中 do permanent damage to people’s mental health 对 人们的心理健康产生永久的伤害 ask for the teacher’s permission of doing sth. 请求 某人的允许做某事 show one’s great perseverance in overcoming the obstacles 在克服障碍中表现出极大的毅力 persist in doing sth. 固执己见做某事 handle personal affairs 处理个人事宜 persuade sb. to do sth 说服某人做某事 persuade sb. into doing sth. talk sb. into doing sth. reason sb. into doing sth. make a phone to sb. 打电话给某人 read the key words and phrases 读重点单词和短语 pick up a wallet from the ground 从地上捡起一只钱包 pick up some knowledge of physiology 非正规地学到一些生理学的知识 pick sb. up 接某人;搭载某人 pick out 挑选出;分辨出 go out for a picnic 出外去野餐 the great pioneers of modern science 现代科学的伟大先驱 take place 发生 take the place of 代替 substitute for plan to do sth. 计划做某事 make a plan to do sth. point out the existing problems 指出存在的问题 have the point in doing sth. 有做某事的意义 share one’s point of view with sb. 与某人分享自己的观点 turn to the police for help 向警察求助 the insurance policies of the local government 当地政府的保险政策 be polite to sb. 对某人有礼貌 pollute the surroundings of this neighbourhood 污 染这个社区的周围环境 be popular with the young fans 受到年轻歌迷的欢
Sorted by MRZJL - 13 -

迎 have a large population 有很多的人口 be able to afford the portable computers 买得起便携式电脑 show a positive attitude to sth./ sb. 对某人或某物表现出积极的态度 have the possibility of doing sth. 有做某事的可能 be possible to do sth. show one’s potential ability 表现出某人的潜能 result in poverty of the nation 导致那个国家的贫穷 power failure 停电 come into power 掌权;执政 offer practical help 提供实际的帮助 apply the learned knowledge to practice 将所学的知识应用于实践 practise speaking English 练习说英语 praise sb. for sth. 因为某事而表扬某人 value the precious time 珍惜宝贵的时间 predict the future development of economy 预测经 济的未来发展 prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. be well prepared for sth. 对某事作好充分准备 have a good preparation of sth. in the presence of strangers 有陌生人在场的时候 the guests present 在场的客人 the present situation 当前的形势 at present 目前 present a bunch of flowers to sb. 送一束花给某人 be elected president of the United States 当选为美国总统 under the heavy pressure of doing sth. 在做某的沉重的压力之下 pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 pretend to be doing 假装正在做某事 pretend to have done sth. 假装做过某事 prevent … (from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事 stop sb. (from) doing sth. keep sb. from doing sth. according to the previous sentences 根据前几句话

cut the price of sth. 降低某事的价格 take pride in 以…为骄傲 be proud of be put into prison 被送进监狱 in the whole process of 在做某事的整个过程中 increase the overall production of sth. 增加某物的总产量 a productive novelist 一位多产的小说家 raise some professional questions 提出一些专业性的问题 a learned professor 一位有学问的教授 gain profit from one’s business 从生意中获取利润 program a computer 为电脑编程 the audience’s favorite TV programs 观众们最喜爱的电视节目 make great/ rapid progress 取得很大/ 快速的进步 prohibit sb. from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事 forbid sb. to do sth. promote the Hope Project 倡导希望工程 sb. promise to do sth. 某人承诺做某事 make a promise to do sth. 许诺做某事 keep one’s promise to do sth. 遵守诺言做某事 break one’ promise to do sth. 食言 a promising future 未来大有希望 get promoted 升职 gain promotion the promotion of a new commercial product 促销一种新产品 water-proof adj. 防水的 in the proper way 以正确的/适当的方式 protect people’s private property 保护某人的私有财 产 the chemical properties of iron 铁的化学性质 propose doing sth. 提议做某事 put forward a good proposal 提出一个好的提议 prospect for old 勘探金矿 protect the animals from attacking 保护动物不受攻击 as the old proverb says 常言道 provide sb. with sth. 提供某人某物 provide sth. for sb. offer sb. sth. offer sth. to sb. supply sb. with sth. supply sth. to sb. make psychological researches
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进行心理研究 publish the newest edition 出版最新的版本 escape from punishment 逃脱惩罚 escape being punished purchase the bargains on the market 在市场上购买到便宜货 be lacking in oxygen put off a press conference 推迟一次新闻发布会 put on a performance 上演一场表演 put out a big fire 扑灭一场大火 put up a tent 搭建一个帐蓬 feel puzzled about the results 对结果感到迷惑 on purpose 故意地 by accident 偶然地 put forward a perfect proposal 提出一个完美的建议 be well qualified for a post 十分胜任一个职位 the good qualities of the great hero 那个大英雄的良好品质 a large quantity of 大量的 large quantities of quarrel with sb. over sth. 与某人争吵某事 out of question 没问题 out of the question 不可能 the answers to the questions 问题的答案 stand in a long queue 排长队 quit doing sth. 放弃做某事 have a little quiz 进行一次小测验 quote some sentences from the great works 从伟大 著作中引用一些句子 see sb. off at the railway station 在火车站给某人送行 raise one’s voice 提高说话的声音 be raised in a remote village 在一个偏远的村庄被抚养长大 raise money for the charities 为慈善机构筹集资金 range in age from … to 年龄从…到…不等 a wide range of knowledge 广泛的知识 rank the first 排名第一 make rapid progress 取得迅速的进步 protect the rare animals from extinction 保护稀有动物免于灭绝

increase at the rate of 按…比率增长 reach a logical conclusion 得出有逻辑性的结论 within one’s reach 在某人够得着的地方 reach the original objectives 达到最初的目标 react to the teacher’s criticism 对老师的批评进行反 应 make a reaction to the teacher’s criticism get ready to do sth. 准备好做某事 be ready/willing to help others 乐于助人 in one’s real life 在真实生活中 set realistic objectives for one’s future 为未来设定 现实可行的目标 turn sth. into reality 把某事变为现 实 realize the importance of observing the traffic regulations 意识到遵守交通规则的重要性 for the reason of 由于…原因 reason/talk/persuade sb. into doing sth. 劝服某人 做某事 persuade sb. to do sth. make reasonable requirements 提出合理的要求 recall one’s past experiences 回忆某人过去的经历 in the recent survey of 在最近的调查中 inquire at the reception desk 在问询处询问 recite the whole passage 背诵整篇文章 recognize one’s former partner 认出某人过去的搭档 recommend sb. to sb. 把某人推荐给某人 record the professor’s remarks 录下教授的话 break the world record 打破世界记录 recover from the lung cancer 从癌症中恢复过来 be reduced to an average level 被减少到平均水平 refer to the dictionary 查字典 consult the dictionary look up sth. in the dictionary make reference to the dictionary reflect the existing problems in the socie 反映出社会上的现存的问题 reform the inefficient system of educati 改革无效的教育制度 get refreshed after a good rest 好好休息后精神振作 refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 regard…as… 把…看作…
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think of …as… with regard to 有关于… regardless of bad weather 不管恶劣的天气 regret to tell sb. 很遗憾地告诉某人 regret doing sth. 后悔做了某事 one’s regular income 某人的固定收入 regulate the flow of water 控制水流 reject one’s request 拒绝某人的请求 be closely related to 与…密切相关 keep in touch with overseas relatives 与某人的海外戚保持联络 relax oneself 放松自己 have a good relaxation 好好放松一下 release one’s feelings 释放某人的情感 release the newest discs 发行最新的唱片 be relevant to 与…相关,相符 a reliable partner 一位可靠的搭档 rely on sb. 依靠某人 to one’s great relief 某人大大松了一口气 relieve one’s great pain 减轻某人极大的痛苦 be reluctant to do sth. 不情愿做某事 be unwilling to do sth. The result of the study remains to be found. 调查 结果有待发现。 make important remarks 做重要讲话 make remarkable improvements 取得显著的进步 remind sb. of sth./that 使某人想起某事 a remote control 遥控器 renew books in the library 在图书馆里续借图书 can’t afford the high rent 无法承受很高的租金 beyond repair 已无法修理 be reluctant to repeat one’s remarks 不情愿重复某人的讲话 replace = take the place of = substitute for 代替 reply to a letter 回复来信 make a reply to a letter judging from one’s school reports 从某人的学校成绩单来看 represent all the audience’s desire 代表了所有观众的渴望 the People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国 a scholar of reputation 一个信誉好、名气大的学者

meet the requirements of customers 满足顾客的需要 go to sb.’s rescue 去营救某人 go to rescue sb. make scientific researches 进行科学研究 reserve two seats in the restaurant 在餐馆里预定两个座位 resign from one’s post 辞去职位 resist the temptation 抵抗诱惑 be resistant to … 对…有抵抗能力 make resolutions to do sth.下定决心做某事 protect the natural resources 保护自然资源 respect parents and teachers 尊重父母和老师 be respectful to one’s parents and teachers a respectable scholar 一位值得尊敬的学者 respond to … 回应… in response to 回应… share one’s responsibility with sb. 与某人分担责任 be responsible for the traffic accident 对这次交通事故负责 be restored to health 恢复健康 be strictly restricted 被严格控制 result in 导致 result from 由…导致 a retired teacher 一位退休老师 in return 作为回报 reveal the hidden secrets 揭示隐藏的秘密 a revised edition 一部修订版 reward sb. with sth. 奖赏某人某物 award sb. sth. 颁发某人某物 be rich in natural resources 胜产自然资源 get rid of bad habits 改掉坏毛病 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 run a risk rob sb. of sth. 抢某人某物 be royal to one’s homeland 对祖国忠诚 in the rural areas 在农村 in rush hours 在交通高峰期 to one’s sadness 令某人悲伤的是 It saddened sb. that safe and sound 安然无恙地 ensure the safety of passengers 保证乘客的安全 go sailing 去航行 for the sake of 为了…的利益/好处 send a man-made satellite into space
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发射人造卫星到太空 to one’s satisfaction 令某人满意的是 give a satisfactory answer 给出一个令人满意的答案 feel satisfied with one’s efforts 对某人付出的努力而感到满意 scan the following passage 速读下列文章 Scarcely had sb. done when sb. did 一…就 Hardly had sb. done when sb. did. No sooner had sb. done than sb. did the witnesses at the scene 现场的目击者 according to the flight schedule 根据航班时刻表 a respectable scholar 一位值得尊敬的学者 win a scholarship 赢得奖学金 science fiction 科幻小说 with the development of science and technology 随 着科技的发展 a distinguished scientist 一位卓越的科学家 scold sb. for sth. 因为某事责骂某人 search sp. for the missing children 搜寻某处找失踪的孩子 in search of 为了寻找某人 go to the seaside in the summer vacation 在暑假去海边 vary from season to season 随着季节的变化而不同 in season 上市;合时宜 out of season 下市;买不到了 fasten the safety belt 系紧安全带 have a second try 再试一次 purchase secondhand cars 买二手车 keep a secret 保密 guard the security of people 保卫人民安全 see to sth. 注意某事 see to it that 务必做某事 see sb. off at the railway station 在火车站为某人送行 seize the good opportunity of doing sth. 抓住做某事的好机会 send for the doctor 派人去请医生 send a man-made satellite into space 发射人造卫星去太空 common sense 常识 a sensible decision 一个明智的决定 feel sensitive to all kinds of smell

对各种气味很敏感 be sentenced to death 被判死刑 read the passage sentence by sentence 逐句地阅读文章 separate A from B 把 A 与 B 相分离 be separated from 与…相分离 live in a separate room 住在单独的房间里 be seriously/severely injured in the traffic accident 在交通事故中受重伤 serve people heart and soul 全心全意为人民服务 serve as 充当;起…作用 improve the quality of service 提高服务质量 set the realistic objectives for the future 为未来设定现实的目标 shake hands with sb. 与某人握手 share joy and sorrow with sb. 与某人同甘共苦 in sharp contrast to 与…形成鲜明对比 to one’s great shock 令某人震惊的是 be short of money 缺钱 be lacking in money lack money overcome one’s own shortcomings 克服某人自身的缺点 shorten the generation gap between parents and children 缩短父母与子女间的代沟 go sightseeing 去观光游览 sign an agreement 签一份协议 be of great significance 有重大意义的 be similar to 与…很相似 extend one’s sincere thanks to sb. 正式表达对某人真诚的感激 in this situation 在这种情况下 on this occasion 在这种情况下 participate in social activities 参加社会实践 make good use of solar energy 好好利用太阳能 find a good solution to the social problems 为这些 社会问题找到解决方法 solve the social problems 解决社会问题 be fond of pop songs 喜欢流行歌曲 be in great sorrow 处于极度悲痛中 find out the source of information 查出信息的来源
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spare some time to have a talk with sb. 腾出一些时间与某人交谈 practise speaking English in one’s spare time 在业 余时间训练说英语 set specific aims for the future 为未来设定明确的目标 give/make a wonderful speech 作一个很棒的讲演 in high spirits 精神好 in spite of bad weather 不顾恶劣的天气 regardless of bad weather spoil the children 溺爱孩子 sponsor the charity activities 资助慈善活动 perform on the stage 在舞台上表演 stand for sth. 代表;代替 stand out 突出 be up to the standard of moral 达到道德标准 stare at sb. 盯着某人看 die of starvation 饿死 starve to death issue a formal statement 发表正式声明 keep fresh in the refrigerator 在冰箱里保持新鲜 make progress step by step= gradually 逐步地取得进步 stick to one’s own opinion 固执己见 stimulate one’s interest in learning English 激发某人学英语的兴趣 in stock 有存货 out of stock 脱销 go straight home 直接回家 be stranded in a foreign country 在异国陷入困境 strengthen the defense of one’s country 加强国家的防御 under the stress of poverty 处于贫穷的压略之下 stretch one’s arms and legs 伸展四肢 be strict with the students 对学生很严格 be strict to one’s work 对工作认真负责 be strictly restricted 受到严格的限制 be deeply struck by the beauty of the West Lake 被西湖的美所深深打动 The clock strikes 10 o’clock.钟敲响 10 点。 strive for one’s success 努力取得成功 be in struggle 在斗争;在挣扎 struggle for sth. 斗争获取某物 substitute A for B 用 A 代替 B substitute for 代替= take the place of = replace

succeed in doing sth. 成功地做了某事 be successful in doing sth. get success turn out to be a great success 结果大获全胜 all of a sudden= suddenly suffer from the lung cancer 患肺癌 get sufficient sleep 有充足的睡眠 suggest that sb. (should) do be suitable for this post 适合这个职位 to sum up 总之 make a brief summary 做一个简短的总结 A be superior to B A 优于 B A be inferior to B A 劣于 go shopping in the supermarket 去超市购物 the relationship between supply and demand 需之间的关系 make money to support the whole family 赚钱支撑整个家庭 be supposed to do sth. 应该做某事 be sure to get up early 务必早点起床 make sure that = ensure that 确保某事 go surfing on the Internet 网上冲浪 to one’s great surprise 令某人惊讶的是 be surrounded with 被…所包围 according to the results of a recent survey 根据最近一项调查的结果 survive (in)the flood 在洪水中幸免 question the suspect of a crime 询问一个犯罪嫌疑人 suspend sb. from school 让某人休学 swear to do sth 发誓做某事 It’s sb.’s turn to sweep the floor 轮到某人扫地 switch off the electricity 切断电源 serve as a symbol of Shanghai 作为上海的象征 show one’s sympathy to sb. 对某人表示同情 be sympathetic for sb. take on a new look 呈现新的面貌 The plane takes off at 7. 飞机起飞 take over a construction project 接管一项建筑工程 take up doing sth.开始从事做某事 take up a hobby 养成一种兴趣爱好
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a musician of great talent 一位有天赋的音乐家 a talented/ gifted musician reason/talk/persuade sb. into doing sth. 劝服某人做某事 persuade sb. to do sth. set a realistic target 确立一个现实的目标 burst into tears 突然大哭起来 burst out crying settle/solve technical problems 解决技术问题 a skilled technician 一位技术熟练的技工 with the development of science and technology 随着科技的发展 tell sth./sb. apart 把…区分开来 供 lose one’s temper 大发脾气 a temporary post 一个临时职位 tempt sb. to do sth. 引诱某人做某事 resist the temptation 抵制诱惑 tend to do sth. 倾向于做某事 follow the tendency 顺应趋势 apply the learned theory to practice 把学过的理论运用于实践 think highly of 高度评价 speak highly of 高度赞扬 have a thorough cleaning 进行彻底的大扫除 with the threat of a coming disaster 受到即将到来灾难的威胁 be threatened by a coming disaster have a sore throat 嗓子痛 spread throughout the country 传遍全国 ahead of time/ in advance 提前 from time to time 时不时地 in no time 立即 mother tongue/ native language 母语 participate in field and track sports 参加田径赛 trade with sb. 与某人交易/换 follow the tradition of doing sth. 遵循传统做某事 transfer to a new school 转入新学校 · translate the works into simple language 把著作译 成简单的英语 · travel around the world 环游世界 · treat the students fairly 平等地对待学生 treat sb. to sth. 用某物款待某人
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go to a doctor for treatment 找医生治病 help the students in trouble 帮助有困难的学生 make one’s dreams come true 梦想成真 realize one’s dreams to tell the truth 说实话 turn down/reject one’s request 拒绝某人的请求 turn on/off the light 开/关灯 turn to sb. for help 向某人求助 turn out (to be) a great success 结果大获全胜 turn up 出现;露面 set a typical example 树一个典型的例子 an unbelievable/incredible experience 一次难以置信的经历 undergo great hardships 经受苦难 take the underground 乘地下铁 make oneself understood 表达清楚 undertake an honorable task 承担一项光荣的任务 the students dressed in uniform 穿制服的学生们 be elected chairman of the Students’ Union 当选为学生会主席 be admitted into a top university 被一所名牌大学所录取 an unknown mystery 一个未知的迷 an unusual adventure 一次不寻常的冒险 look at sb. up and down 上下打量某人 look down upon/ on sb. 瞧不起某人 make sb. upset 使某人心烦/不安 go upstairs/ downstairs 上/下楼 report the up-to-date news 报道最新的新闻 live in the urban areas 住在城区 live in the rural areas 住在乡村地区 live in the suburban areas 住在郊区 urge sb. to apply for the post 鼓动某人申请职位 handle the urgent affairs 处理紧急事务 in use/out of use 使用着/不能使用 make good/full use of one’s spare time to do 好好/ 充分利用某人的空余时间做某事 used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 get/be used/accustomed to doing sth.
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习惯于做某事 be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 be of great use = be useful 非常有用 as usual 和平常一样 a vacant post 一个空缺的职位 spend one’s summer vacation/holidays on part-time jobs 在暑假打工 be of great value = be valuable 非常有价值 a variety of/ various rare animals 各种各样的稀有动物 vary from person to person 因人而异 vary from season to season 随着季节的变化而不同 take public vehicles 乘坐公共交通工具 donate blood to the victims of the natural disaster 献血给自然灾害的受害者们 be eager to gain victory 渴望获得胜利 play video games on the Internet 在网上玩游戏 from one’s point of view 就某人的观点 view … as 认为… with vigor 有活动的 violent behaviors 暴力行为 play the violin 拉小提琴 search for the computer virus 搜索电脑病毒 pay a visit to / visit the Palace Museum 参观故宫博物馆 have a large vocabulary of 有很大的词汇量 volunteer to work in the remote areas 志愿去偏远地区工作 work in the remote areas as a volunteer go on a voyage 在水上航行 wait for sb. to do sth. 等待某人做某事 wander in the street 在街上闲逛/徘徊 a warm-hearted lady 一位热心肠的女士 warn sb. of a coming disaster 警告某人继将到来的灾难 waste one’s precious time 浪费某人宝贵的时间 It is a waste of time/money to do sth. 做某事是浪费 a kind of waterproof material 一种防水材料 on the way to school 在去学校的路上

on the way to doing sth. 在做某事的过程中 by the way 顺便问一下 in one’s way 挡住某人的路 a wealthy and powerful country 一个富强的国家 wear a smile on one’s face 面带微笑 according to the weather forecast 根据天气预报 on the wedding ceremony 在结婚仪式上 be well-off = be rich be well-known/famous for 因某事而出名 be well-known/famous as 作为…而出名 hold back the wheels of history 阻挡历史前进的车轮 after a while 过了一会儿 for a while 有一会儿 as a whole 作为一个整体 on the whole 从整体上讲 open one’s mouth wide 张大嘴 be widely accepted 被广泛接受 protect the wild animals from extinction 保护野生动物免于灭绝 be willing/ready to help others 乐于助人

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