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【步步高 学案导学设计】2014-2015学年高中英语(外研版,必修4)课时作业:Module 2 Period 5


Period Five

Grammar and Writing

Ⅰ.句型转换 1.Why shouldn’t you read aloud? ________ ________ read aloud? 2.Work hard,or you’ll lose the job. ____ ____ ______ ______ ______,you’ll lose the job. 3.Be careful when you are crossing the road,or you will be in danger of losing life. ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ when you are crossing the road,you will be in danger of losing life. 4.If you turn on the television,you will often see advertisements showing happy families. ______ ______ ______ ______, and you will often see advertisements showing happy families. 5.The boy who is standing there is Tom’s son. The boy ________________ there is Tom’s son. Ⅱ.完成句子 1.Let me have a look at your new camera,__________________(好吗)? 2.Let’s go hiking,________________(好吗)? 3.________________(动动脑筋),and you will solve your problem. 4.________(务必) turn off the lights before you leave the lab. 5.________________(小心不要) to miss the first train. Ⅲ.单项填空 1.If you have a job,________ yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed. A.do devote B.don’t devote C.devoting D.not devoting 2.—What did you say? —So you ________ to me.Be openminded,but focused on some key points,________? A.didn’t listen;aren’t you B.weren’t listening;will you C.haven’t listened;isn’t it D.won’t listen;are you 3.________straight on,and you’ll see a church.You won’t miss it. A.Go B.Going C.If you go D.When going 4.If you want help—money or anything,let me know,________you? A.don’t B.will C.shall D.do 5.Tom,________ yourself.Did you forget the school rules? A.behave B.believe C.perform D.conduct 6. Don’t be discouraged.________things as they are, and you will enjoy every day of your life. A.Taking B.To take C.Take D.Taken 7.—________ for the glass! — It is OK.I am wearing shoes. A.Look out B.Walk out C.Go out D.Set out 8.I’ve never seen anyone run so fast—________David go. A.just watch B.just to watch C.just watching D.just having watched 9.It is too noisy,________ the TV a bit. A.turning off B.turning down C.turn down D.turn in
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10.There are eight tips in Dr.Roger’s lecture on sleep,and one of them is:________ to bed early unless you think it is necessary! A.doesn’t go B.not to go C.not going D.don’t go 11.Let us take care of the house while you are away,______? A.shan’t we B.shall we C.will you D.don’t you 12.______your office before you leave. A.Calling B.Call C.Calls D.Called 13.—Sorry,Joe.I didn’t mean to.... —Don’t call me “Joe”.I’m Mr.Parker to you,and________you forget it! A.do B.didn’t C.did D.don’t 14.Why not________your study plan instead of following others’? A.you follow B.to follow C.following D.follow 15.Mary,________here—everybody else,stay where you are. A.come B.comes C.to come D.coming Ⅳ.阅读理解 In the last 500 years nothing about people—not their clothes,ideas or languages—has changed as much as what they eat.Chocolate (巧克力) drink was first made from the seeds of the cacao (可可) tree by South American Indians.The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500s.And although it was very expensive,it quickly became popular.In London,shops where chocolate drinks were served became important places.Some still exist today.The potato is also from the New World.Around 1600s, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown.Ireland became so dependent (依赖的) on it that thousands of Irish people starved (挨饿) when the crop failed during the years of 1845~1846,and thousands more were forced to go to live in America. There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World.But some others went in the opposite direction.Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in other South American countries.But it is native to Ethiopia.It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400s.According to an Arabic story,coffee was discovered when a goat keeper named Lakdi noticed that his goats were eating red fruits on a coffee tree.He tried one and experienced the “wideawake (彻底清醒的)” feeling that one third of the world’s population now starts the day with. 1.According to the passage,which of the following changed more than others? A.Clothes. B.Ideas. C.Languages. D.Foods. 2.Chocolate drink was first invented in ________ while coffee was first invented in ________. A.Spain;Brazil B.South America;the Old World C.Spain;Ethiopia D.London;Peru 3. In 1845, thousands of Irish people were forced to live in America mainly because ________. A.Ireland became dependent on the potato B.the potato was brought to Europe from Peru C.they could easily get potatoes in America D.the production of potatoes reduced (减少) 4.According to the passage,which of the following is an “Old World” country? A.Peru.
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B.Brazil. C.A certain American country. D.Ethiopia. 5.From the passage we can conclude that millions of people drink coffee ________. A.in the morning B.at noon C.in the afternoon D.in the evening Ⅴ.书面表达 假设你是李华,你所在的城市向市民征求交通方面的意见。你作为一个中学生,经常看 到一些人违章却又无可奈何。你向政府写信反映情况,并提出自己的看法和一两条建议。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 众所周知,中国是一个发展中国家。 1.As we all know,China is a developing country. 2.As is known to us,China is a developing country. 3.What is known to us is that China is a developing country. 4.It is known to us all that China is a developing country.

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Period Five

Grammar and Writing

Ⅰ.1.Why not 2.If you don’t work hard 3.If you are not careful 4.Turn on the TV 5.standing Ⅱ.1.will you 2.shall we 3.Use your head 4.Do 5.Be careful not Ⅲ.1.A [考查“祈使句+, and+陈述句”结构。 此处 do 表示强调作用, 相当于“be sure to”。 句意为:如果你有了一份工作,一定要全身心地投入到工作中,这样最后你才会成功。] 2.B [考查时态与反意疑问句。根据 what did you say?可知第一个空表示的动作发生 在过去,故从 A、B 两项中选。第二个空考查祈使句的反意疑问句,祈使句的反意疑问句通常 用 will you。故 B 项为正确答案。] 3.A [考查“祈使句+,and/or+陈述句”,中间的连词 and 起到连接句子的作用,所以 不可再重复使用连词。] 4.B [let me know 是祈使句,反意疑问句用 will you,如果是 let’s 则用 shall we。] 5.A [behave oneself 注意某人自己的行为。] 6.C [考查“祈使句+,and/or+陈述句”句式。此句式意为“如果??就??”。] 7.A [考查祈使句和动词词组。祈使句要用动词原形开头,表示“要求、命令”。look out 小心点儿,注意,符合句意。walk out 与 go out 都意为“走出去”;set out 开始,着手。] 8.A [句意为:我从来没有见过任何一个人跑得那么快——你看看大卫跑的。解题时应 特别注意中间的破折号,相当于一个连词,所以前后应是两个句子,因此空格处缺的应是谓 语动词;不要把 A 选项看成是动词不定式的省略。] 9.C [注意空格前有逗号,相当于一个连词,预示着后面应是祈使句,所以应用谓语动 词。句意为:太吵了,把电视声音关小一点儿。] 10.D [注意空格前有一冒号,预示着后面应是一个句子,且该句是一个祈使句,所以 应用谓语动词。] 11.C [祈使句若是以 let 开头的句子,表示“建议”(包括说话人和听话人双方)时,疑问部 分是 shall we;表示“请示”(不包括听话人)时,疑问部分用 will you。] 12.B [因这是一祈使句,所以不能用非谓语动词来代替谓语,故排除 A 项;此句被省 去的主语是 you,且根据全句时态可知应用一般现在时,故排除 C、D 两项。故选 B 项。] 13.D [用 don’t 表示强烈的反问或提醒。] 14. D [why not 后跟动词原形, 表示向对方提建议, Why not do sth.?=Why don’t you do sth.?。] 15.A [句中的破折号“——”相当于连词 and,故前面是祈使句。] Ⅳ.1.D [细节理解题。文章第一句指出关于人们的衣服、观念、语言都不及他们所食用 的食物变化大。也就是说,食物的变化最大。] 2.B [细节理解题。从文中第一段第二句可知巧克力最先是由南美印第安人所做,用排 除法可选出答案 B。 文中第二段又可证实咖啡是来自于“旧世界”的。] 3.D [细节理解题。爱尔兰依赖土豆为生,1845~1846 年间,土豆收成不好,导致人 们不得不逃往美国生活。] 4.D [文章第二段讲咖啡原产于 Ethiopia,该段开始提到 Old World,故答案为 D。] 5.A [推理判断题。喝咖啡可以提神,所以人们常在早晨喝它。这既考查常识,又考查 对文末一句话的理解。] Ⅴ.【参考范文】 Dear Sir, I’m a senior middle school student.Whenever I go to school,I can see some people breaking traffic rules.For example,some passersby and cyclists often go into the crossroads when the traffic lights are still red, and some cars exceed the speed limit when they run on busy streets if there are no policemen working there.I hate these offenders but I can’t do anything to stop them.I think it is the duty of every citizen to obey the traffic rules.I suggest that we have more policemen or assistants working at the crossroads and on the busy streets.Whoever breaks the rules should be fined or
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punished.In this way,they will not break the traffic rules again. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

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