Arthur Conan Doyle
? Arthur Conan Doyle, the son of Charles Doyle and Mary Foley, was born in Edinburgh（爱 丁堡） on May 22nd ,1859. Arthur's father was an a
lcoholic and the family was always short of money. But he still studied hard.
? Conan Doyle studied at Edinburgh University and helped to fund his course by working as a surgeon（外科医生） on Hope, a 400 ton whaler on a seven month voyage to the Arctic. ? The following year he worked on Mayumba, a passenger ship bound for West Africa. On this voyage Conan Doyle nearly died of typhoid（伤寒）.
? On his return, Conan Doyle set up as a doctor in South sea, a suburb of Portsmouth. ? With very few patients, Conan Doyle attempted to make money by writing detective stories. ? His main character, Sherlock Holmes (夏洛克· 福 尔摩斯), was based on Dr. Joseph Bell, a surgeon and criminal psychologist, who lectured at Edinburgh Infirmary.
? In 1891 Conan Doyle published six Sherlock Holmes stories in the Strand Magazine. The following year he was paid ￡1,000 for a whole series on Sherlock Holmes. ? Conan Doyle really wanted to write historical novels like his hero, Sir Walter Scott, and in 1893 decided to kill off Sherlock Holmes in the story, The Final Problem（最后一案）. ? However, after coming under considerable pressure from his fans, he returned to write his best known detective story, The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902)（巴斯克威尔家的猎犬 ）.
? Conan Doyle served as a doctor in the Boer War (1899-1902)（布尔战争 ） and wrote The War in South Africa (1902)（在南非的战争：起源与行为 ）, where he attempted to justify Britain's actions during the war.
? In 1914 Conan Doyle wrote the recruiting pamphlet, To Arms!. The WPB arranged for Conan Doyle to go the Western Front and his pamphlet, A Visit to the Three Fronts（访问的三条战线） was published in 1916. During the war Doyle also wrote his six volume history, The British Campaign in France and Flanders. Conan Doyle also wrote on the First World War for the Daily Chronicle(编年史；记录).
? After the war Conan Doyle wrote several books on spiritualism including The New Revelation (1918) and The History of Spiritualism (1926). ? Arthur Conan Doyle died at Crowborough on July 7th ,1930
Steel True, Blade Straight
? A man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose. ? A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across.
———Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
? The end·· ·
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