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Warming up


Unit 5 First aid

Joke first!!

A Chinese student paid a visit to America. when he was walking in the street, he saw a traffic accident happening. The Policeman came to ask him about the accident he thought for a long time and said ……

“one car come, one car go, two car peng peng,one car die。”

First aid

First aid

What is the definition of First aid?

Key words: help , fall ill , injured , quickly

First aid

What is first aid?
help , fall ill , injured , quickly

First aid is the first kind of help given to some one who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found. Often the illness or injury is not serious, but there are other times when giving first aid quickly will save one’s life.

First aid
Why is first aid important?

Wounded soldier receiving first aid from comrade.

First aid
Why Why is is first first aid What is first aid? important? important? What is first aid?

First Aid for wounded in battlefield.

First aid

First Aid for fallen climber

Why is first aid important?

First aid

First aid for a scraped (擦伤) knee.

Why is first aid important?

First aid education
Example:
Cuts or bleedings Sprained ankles

See two short movies and learn how to deal with cuts, bleedings and sprained ankles

First aid education
Example:
Cuts or bleedings
For a simple cut, it is only necessary to wash the area of the cut, dry it and cover it with a piece of dry clean cloth. If a person is bleeding badly, you must try to stop the bleeding. If a person loses one third of his or her blood, he or she may die. Press a handkerchief onto the bleeding point and hold it there.

First aid
Discuss in groups with the materials

1.A snake has bitten him on his leg. Lay the person down and keep him still. Do not wash the venom off the skin, it will help identify the type of snake. Apply pressure to the bitten part with your hands and then, as soon as possible with a bandage firmly over the bite. Do not move him until the doctor is coming.

2.She cut her arm with some broken glass and is bleeding badly. Put a bandage on the wound and apply pressure to reduce the bleeding.

3.He has badly sprained his ankle. Have the victim sit down and elevate (抬高) the foot. Put an ice pack on ankle to reduce the pain. Firm the injured part and call for help.

4. She is choking on a piece of food. If the person can cough or speak or breathe, don’t do anything. If you move her, the food in her throat may be caused to move and completely block the airway.

If the person can not breathe or speak, hit him between the shoulders with your hand three of four times.

5.She has broken her arm.

Do not move the broken bone if possible. Support the broken arm in the most comfortable position. Keep the arm still using a sling (绷带,带子) or get the victim to support the broken arm with the other arm. Call for help immediately.

6.He has a bleeding nose (a nose bleed) Get the person to sit down, rise his head up slightly and gently. Put a soft thing, like handkerchief or paper into the nose to prevent the nose from bleeding.

Thinking:
1. Look at the picture. What has happened? 2. What kind of first aid would you perform in this situation? 3. Have you or someone you know ever been burned? What happened? What did the burn look like? Did anyone perform first aid? What did he/she do?

Pre-reading

Home work

1. Preview the text of Reading part. 2. Finish the exercise on Page 70.

Reading

First Aid For Burns

Fast reading
? 1.What’s the functions of your skin? ? 2.How can you get burned? ? 3.How many types of burns? What are they? Can you give some examples? ? 4.Can you describe the characteristics of three degree burns? 5.What kind of first aid should we give for burns?


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