当前位置:首页 >> 高考 >> 2013高考数学公式

2013高考数学公式


集合与简易逻辑
知识回顾: (一) 集合 1. 基本概念:集合、元素;有限集、无限集;空集、全集;符号的使用. 2. 集合的表示法:列举法、描述法、图形表示法. 集合元素的特征:确定性、互异性、无序性. 3 ⑴①一个命题的否命题为真,它的逆命题一定为真. 否命题 ? 逆命题. ②一个命题为真,则它的逆否命题一定为真. 原命题 ? 逆否命题. (二)含绝对值不等式、一元二次不等式的解法及延伸 1.含绝对值不等式的解法 (1)公式法: ax ? b ? c ,与 ax ? b ? c(c ? 0) 型的不等式的解法. (2)定义法:用“零点分区间法”分类讨论. (3)几何法:根据绝对值的几何意义用数形结合思想方法解题. 特例① 一元一次不等式 ax>b 解的讨论; 2 ②一元二次不等式 ax +box>0(a>0)解的讨论.

??0
二次函数

??0

??0

y ? ax2 ? bx ? c
( a ? 0 )的图象 一元二次方程

有两相异实根

有两相等实根

ax 2 ? bx ? c ? 0

?a ? 0?的根
ax 2 ? bx ? c ? 0 (a ? 0)的解集

x1 , x2 ( x1 ? x2 )

x1 ? x2 ? ?

b 2a

无实根

?x x ? x 或x ? x ?
1 2

? b? ?x x ? ? ? 2a ? ?

R

ax 2 ? bx ? c ? 0 (a ? 0)的解集

?x x

1

? x ?x2?

?

?

(三)简易逻辑 1、命题的定义:可以判断真假的语句叫做命题。 2、逻辑联结词、简单命题与复合命题: “或”、“且”、“非”这些词叫做逻辑联结词;不含有逻辑联结词的命题是简单 命题;由简单命题和逻辑联结词“或”、“且”、“非”构成的命题是复合命题。 构成复合命题的形式:p 或 q(记作“p∨q” );p 且 q(记作“p∧q” );非 p(记 作“┑q” ) 。 互 逆 原命题 逆命题 3、“或”、 “且”、 “非”的真值判断 若 p则 q 若 q则 p 互 否 为 (1)“非 p”形式复合命题的真假与 F 的真假相反; 逆
互 否 互

第 1 页 共 135 页
否命题 若 ┐p则 ┐q

为 互

逆 否

否 逆否命题 若 ┐q则 ┐p

互 逆

(2)“p 且 q”形式复合命题当 P 与 q 同为真时为真,其他情况时为假; (3)“p 或 q”形式复合命题当 p 与 q 同为假时为假,其他情况时为真. 4、四种命题的形式: 原命题:若 P 则 q; 逆命题:若 q 则 p; 否命题:若┑P 则┑q;逆否命题:若┑q 则┑p。 6、如果已知 p ? q 那么我们说,p 是 q 的充分条件,q 是 p 的必要条件。 若 p ? q 且 q ? p,则称 p 是 q 的充要条件,记为 p?q.

函数
知识回顾: (一) 映射与函数 1. 映射与一一映射 2.函数 函数三要素是定义域,对应法则和值域,而定义域和对应法则是起决定作用的要素,因 为这二者确定后, 值域也就相应得到确定, 因此只有定义域和对应法则二者完全相同的函数 才是同一函数. (二)函数的性质 ⒈函数的单调性 定义:对于函数 f(x)的定义域 I 内某个区间上的任意两个自变量的值 x1,x2, ⑴若当 x1<x2 时,都有 f(x1)<f(x2),则说 f(x)在这个区间上是增函数; ⑵若当 x1<x2 时,都有 f(x1)>f(x2),则说 f(x) 在这个区间上是减函数. 若函数 y=f(x)在某个区间是增函数或减函数,则就说函数 y=f(x)在这一区间具有(严格 的)单调性,这一区间叫做函数 y=f(x)的单调区间.此时也说函数是这一区间上的单调函数. 2.函数的奇偶性

4. 判断函数单调性(定义)作差法:对带根号的一定要分子有理化,例如: (x1 ? x 2)x1 ? x 2 ) ( 2 f ( x 1 ) ? f ( x 2 ) ? x 2 ?b 2 ? x 2 ?b 2 ? 1 2 2 x x ? b 2 ? x1 ? b 2 (三)指数函数与对数函数 指数函数

y ? a x (a ? 0且a ? 1) 的图象和性质
a>1 0<a<1
第 2 页 共 135 页

4.5
4.5

图 象

4
4

3.5

3.5

3

3

2.5

2.5

2

2

1.5

1.5

1

y=1
1 0.5

y=1

0.5

-4

-3

-2

-1

1

2

3

4

-4

-3

-2

-1

1

2

3

4

-0.5

-0.5

-1

-1

(1)定义域:R 性 质 (2)值域: (0,+∞) (3)过定点(0,1) ,即 x=0 时,y=1 (4)x>0 时,y>1;x<0 时,0<y<1 (5)在 R 上是增函数 ⑴对数运算 (4)x>0 时,0<y<1;x<0 时,y>1. (5)在 R 上是减函数

loga ( M ? N ) ? loga M ? loga N (1) loga M ? loga M ? loga N N 1 loga M n logb N logb a

loga M n ? n loga ?? M ?12) loga n M ? a log a
N

?N

换底公式: a N ? log

推论: a b ? logb c ? logc a ? 1 log ? loga1 a2 ? loga 2 a3 ? ... ? loga n ?1 an ? loga1 an

对数函数的图像和性质

.函数的定义域的求法:布列使函数有意义的自变量的不等关系式,求解即可求得函数 的定义域.常涉及到的依据为①分母不为 0; ②偶次根式中被开方数不小于 0; ③对数的真数 大于 0,底数大于零且不等于 1;④零指数幂的底数不等于零;⑤实际问题要考虑实际意义 等. .函数值域的求法:①配方法(二次或四次);②“判别式法”;③换元法;④不等式法; ⑤函数的单调性法.

数列
等差数列 定义 递推公 式 通项公 式
a n?1 ? a n ? d a n ? a n?1 ? d ; a n ? a m?n ? md a n ? a1 ? (n ? 1)d

等比数列
a n ?1 ? q(q ? 0) an

a n ? a n?1q ; a n ? a m q n ? m
a n ? a1 q n?1 ( a1 , q ? 0 )

第 3 页 共 135 页

前 n 项 和

Sn ?

n (a1 ? a n ) 2

n(n ? 1) S n ? na1 ? d 2

?na1 (q ? 1) ? S n ? ? a1 1 ? q n a ?a q ? 1 n (q ? 2) ? 1? q ? 1? q

?

?

重要性 质
am ? an ? a p ? aq (m, n, p, q ? N * , am ? an ? a p ? aq (m, n, p, q ? N * , m ? n ? p ? q) m ? n ? p ? q)

看数列是不是等差数列有以下方法: ① an ? an?1 ? d (n ? 2, d为常数) ②2 a n ? a n?1 ? a n?1 ( n ? 2 ) ⑶看数列是不是等比数列有以下方法: ① a n ? a n?1q(n ? 2, q为常数, 且 ? 0)
2 ② a n ? a n?1 ? a n?1 ( n ? 2 , a n a n?1a n?1 ? 0 )


在等差数列{ a n }中,有关 Sn 的最值问题:(1)当 a1 >0,d<0 时,满足 ?

?a m ? 0 的项数 m 使 ?a m ?1 ? 0

得 s m 取最大值. (2)当 a1 <0,d>0 时,满足 ?

?a m ? 0 的项数 m 使得 s m 取最小值。 ?a m ?1 ? 0

(三)、数列求和的常用方法 1. 公式法:适用于等差、等比数列或可转化为等差、等比数列的数列。 2.裂项相消法:适用于 ?

?

c ? ? 其中{ a n }是各项不为 0 的等差数列,c 为常数; ? a n a n ?1 ?

3.错位相减法:适用于 ?a n bn ? 其中{ a n }是等差数列, ?bn ?是各项不为 0 的等比数列。 4.倒序相加法: 类似于等差数列前 n 项和公式的推导方法. 5.常用结论

1 1 1 ? ? n(n ? 1) n n ? 1

1 1 1 1 ? ( ? ) n(n ? 2) 2 n n ? 2

三角函数
1. 三角函数的定义域: 三角函数 f (x) ? sinx
f (x) ? cosx f (x) ? tanx

?x | x ? R? ?x | x ? R?
1 ? ? ? x | x ? R且x ? k? ? ? , k ? Z ? 2 ? ?
第 4 页 共 135 页

定义域

2、同角三角函数的基本关系式: sin ? ? tan ?
cos?

2 s i n? ? c o 2 ? ?1 s

3、诱导公式:
把 k? “奇变偶不变,符号看象限” ? ?的三角函数化为?的三角函数,概括为: 2

三角函数的公式:(一)基本关系
cos(? ? ? ) ? cos? cos ? ? sin ? sin ? cos(? ? ? ) ? cos? cos ? ? sin ? sin ? sin(? ? ? ) ? sin ? cos ? ? cos? sin ?
tan( ? ? ) ? ? tan? ? tan ? 1 ? tan? tan ?
s i n? ? 2s i n c o ? 2 ? s
2 2 c o 2? ? c o 2 ? ? s i n ? ? 2 c o 2 ? ? 1 ? 1 ? 2 s i n ? s s s

t a n? ? 2

2t a ? n 1? t a 2 ? n

4. 正弦、余弦、正切、余切函数的图象的性质:
y ? sin x

y ? cos x

y ? tan x
1 ? ? ? x | x ? R且x ? k? ? ? , k ? Z ? 2 ? ?

定义域 值域 周期性 奇偶性
[?

R
[?1,?1]

R
[?1,?1]

R

2?

奇函数
?
2 ? 2k? ,

? 偶函数 奇函数 [?2k ? 1?? , ? ? ? ? ; ? ? ? k? , ? k? ? 2 2 2k? ] ? ?

2?

?
2

? 2k? ]

上为增函 数 ; 单调性
[

上为增函 数 [2k? , ?2k ? 1?? ] 上为减函 数 ( k ?Z )

上 为 增 函 数 ( k ?Z )


y

?

2 3? ? 2 k? ] 2

? 2 k? ,

x O

上为减函 数 k ?Z ) ( ② y ? sin(?x ? ? ) 或 y ? cos(?x ? ? ) ( ? ? 0 )的周期 T ? ④ y ? sin(?x ? ? ) 的对称轴方程是 x ? k? ?
2?

?

.

?
2

( k ? Z ),对称中心( k? ,0 ); y ? cos(?x ? ? )

的对称轴方程是 x ? k? ( k ? Z ),对称中心( k? ? 1 ? ,0 ); y ? tan( x ? ? ) 的对称中心 ?
2



k? ,0 ). 2

奇偶性的两个条件: 一是定义域关于原点对称 (奇偶都要),二是满足奇偶性条件, 偶函数: f (? x) ? f ( x) ,奇函数: f (? x) ? ? f ( x) )

第 5 页 共 135 页

奇偶性的单调性:奇同偶反. 例如: y ? tan x 是奇函数, y ? tan(x ? 1 ? ) 是非奇非偶.(定 3 义域不关于原点对称) 奇函数特有性质:若 0 ? x 的定义域,则 f (x) 一定有 f (0) ? 0 .( 0 ? x 的定义域,则无此性 质)


⑨ y ? sin x 不是周期函数; y ? sin x 为周期函数( T ? ? );
y ? cos x 是周期函数(如图); y ? cos x 为周期函数( T ? ? );

y



y

x

1/2 x

y=cos|x|图象

1 y ? cos 2 x ? 的周期为 ? (如图),并非所有周期函数都有最小正周期,例如: 2

y=|cos2x+1/2|图象

y ? f ( x) ? 5 ? f ( x ? k ), k ? R .

三角函数图象的作法:
1)、描点法及其特例——五点作图法(正、余弦曲线),三点二线作图法(正、余切曲线). 2)、利用图象变换作三角函数图象.

平面向量
向量的概念? (1)向量的基本要素:大小和方向.?(2)向量的表示:几何表示法 AB ;字母表示:a; 坐标表示法 a=xi+yj=(x,y).? (3)向量的长度:即向量的大小,记作|a|.? (4)特殊的向量:零向量 a=O ? |a|=O.? 单位向量 aO 为单位向量 ? |aO|=1.? (5)相等的向量:大小相等,方向相同?(x1,y1)=(x2,y2) ? ?

? x1 ? x 2 ? y1 ? y 2

(6) 相反向量:a=-b ? b=-a ? a+b=0 (7)平行向量(共线向量):方向相同或相反的向量,称为平行向量.记作 a∥b.平行向量也称 为共线向量.? 3.向量的运算? 运算类型 几何方法 坐标方法 运算性质

? ? ? ? a?b ? b?a
向量的 加法 1.平行四边形法则 2.三角形法则

? ? a ? b ? ( x1 ? x2 , y1 ? y2 )

? ? ? ? ? ? (a ? b) ? c ? a ? (b ? c)

AB ? BC ? AC
向量的 减法 三角形法则

? ? a ? b ? ( x1 ? x2 , y1 ? y2 )

? ? ? ? a ? b ? a ? (?b)

第 6 页 共 135 页

??? ? ??? ? AB ? ? BA , OB ? OA ? AB
1. ? a 是 一 个 向 量 , 满 数 乘 向 量 足: | ? a |?| ? || a | 2. ? >0 时, ? a与a 同向;

?

?

?

? ( ? a) ? (?? )a
? ? ? ? (? ? ? )a ? ? a ? ? a

?

?

? ? ? ?

? a ? (? x, ? y )

? ( a ? b) ? ? a ? ? b
? ? ? ? a // b ? a ? ? b ? ? ? ? a ?b ? b? a
? ? ? ? ? ? (? a) ? b ? a ? (? b) ? ? (a ? b)

? ?

?

?

? <0 时, ? a与a 异向;

? =0 时, ? a ? 0 .
? ? a ? b 是一个数
向 量 的 数 量 积

?

?

? ? ? ? 1. a ? 0或b ? 0 时, ? ? a ?b ? 0 . ? ? ? ? a ? 0且b ? 0时, 2. ? ? ? ? a ? ?| a || b | cos( a, b) b

? ? a ? b ? x1 x2 ? y1 y2

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( a ? b) ? c ? a ? c ? b ? c
?2 ? ? ? a ?| a |2 即|a|= x 2 ? y 2

? ? ? ? | a ? b |?| a || b |

4.重要定理、公式 (1)平面向量基本定理? e1,e2 是同一平面内两个不共线的向量,那么,对于这个平面内任一向量,有且仅有一 对实数λ 1, λ 2,使 a=λ 1e1+λ 2e2.? (2)两个向量平行的充要条件? a∥b ? a=λ b(b≠0) ? x1y2-x2y1=O.? (3)两个向量垂直的充要条件? a⊥b ? a?b=O ? x1x2+y1y2=O.?

x1 ? x 2 ? , ?x ? 1 ? 2 OP = ( OP1 + OP2 )或 ? 中点公式 2 ? y ? y1 ? y 2 . ? 2 ?
正、余弦定理? 2 2 2 正弦定理:余弦定理:a =b +c -2bccosA,? 2 2 2 b =c +a -2cacosB,? 2 2 2 c =a +b -2abcosC.? 三角形面积计算公式: 不 等 式 知识要点 1. 不等式的基本概念
第 7 页 共 135 页

不等(等)号的定义: a ? b ? 0 ? a ? b; a ? b ? 0 ? a ? b; a ? b ? 0 ? a ? b. 2.不等式的基本性质 (1) a ? b ? b ? a (对称性)(2) a ? b, b ? c ? a ? c (传递性) (3) a ? b ? a ? c ? b ? c (加法单调性)(4) a ? b, c ? d ? a ? c ? b ? d (同向不等式相 加)(5) a ? b, c ? d ? a ? c ? b ? d (异向不等式相减)(6) a. ? b, c ? 0 ? ac ? bc (7) a ? b, c ? 0 ? ac ? bc (乘法单调性)(8) a ? b ? 0, c ? d ? 0 ? ac ? bd (同向不等式 相乘) (9) a ? b ? 0, 0 ? c ? d ? a ? b (异向不等式相除) (10) a ? b, ab ? 0 ? 1 ? 1 (倒数关系)
c d

a

b

(11)a ? b ? 0 ? a n ? b n (n ? Z , 且n ? 1)(平方法则) (12)a ? b ? 0 ? n a ? n b (n ? Z , 且n ? 1) (开方法则) 3.几个重要不等式 (1) 若a ? R, 则 | a |? 0, a 2 ? 0 (2) 若a、b ? R ? , 则a 2 ? b 2 ? 2ab(或a 2 ? b 2 ? 2 | ab |? 2ab) (当仅当 a=b 时 取等号)(3)如果 a,b 都是正数,那么
ab ? a ? b (当仅当 a=b 时取等号) . 2

极值定理:若 x, y ? R ? , x ? y ? S , xy ? P, 则: 1 ○如果 P 是定值, 那么当 x=y 时,S 的值最小; 2 ○如果 S 是定值, 那么当 x=y 时,P 的值最大. 利用极值定理求最值的必要条件: 一正、二定、三相等.
(4)若a、b、c ? R ? , 则 a?b?c 3 ? abc (当仅当 a=b=c 时取等号) 3

b a (5) 若ab ? 0, 则 ? ? 2 (当仅当 a=b 时取等号) a b

(6)a ? 0时,x |? a ? x 2 ? a 2 ? x ? ?a 或 x ? a; |

| x |? a ? x 2 ? a 2 ? ?a ? x ? a

不等式证明的几种常用方法 比较法、综合法、分析法、换元法、反证法、放缩法、构造法. 不等式的解法

直线和圆的方程
一、直线方程. 1. 直线的倾斜角:一条直线向上的方向与 x 轴正方向所成的最小正角叫做这条直线的倾斜 角,其中直线与 x 轴平行或重合时,其倾斜角为 0,故直线倾斜角的范围是
0 ? ? ? ? 180? (0 ? ? ? ? ) .

注:①当 ? ? 90? 或 x 2 ? x1 时,直线 l 垂直于 x 轴,它的斜率不存在. ②每一条直线都存在惟一的倾斜角,除与 x 轴垂直的直线不存在斜率外,其余每一条直线都 有惟一的斜率,并且当直线的斜率一定时,其倾斜角也对应确定. 2. 直线方程的几种形式:点斜式、截距式、两点式、斜切式. 3. ⑴两条直线平行: l 1 ∥ l 2 ?k 1?k 2 两条直线平行的条件是:① l 1 和 l 2 是两条不重合的直线. ②在 l 1 和 l 2 的斜率 都存在的前提下得到的. 因此,应特别注意,抽掉或忽视其中任一个―前提‖都会导致结论的 错误. (一般的结论是:对于两条直线 l 1,l 2 ,它们在 y 轴上的纵截距是 b1 ,b 2 ,则 l 1 ∥ l 2 ?k 1?k 2 ,
第 8 页 共 135 页

且 b1 ?b 2 或 l 1,l 2 的斜率均不存在,即 A1 B 2 ? B1 A 2 是平行的必要不充分条件,且 C 1?C 2 ) 推论:如果两条直线 l 1,l 2 的倾斜角为 ? 1,? 2 则 l 1 ∥ l 2 ?? 1?? 2 . ⑵两条直线垂直: 两条直线垂直的条件:①设两条直线 l 1 和 l 2 的斜率分别为 k 1 和 k 2 ,则有 l 1?l 2 ?k 1k 2 ? ?1 这 里的前提是 l 1,l 2 的斜率都存在. ② l 1?l 2 ?k 1? 0 ,且 l 2 的斜率不存在或 k 2 ? 0 ,且 l 1 的斜率不 存在. (即 A1 B 2 ? A 2 B1 ? 0 是垂直的充要条件) . 点到直线的距离: ⑴点到直线的距离公式:设点 P( x 0 , y 0 ) ,直线 l : Ax ? By ? C ? 0, P 到 l 的距离为 d ,则有
d? Ax 0 ? By 0 ?C A2 ?B 2

.

注: 1. 两点 P1(x1,y1)、P2(x2,y2)的距离公式: | P1 P2 |? ( x 2 ? x1 ) 2 ? ( y 2 ? y1 ) 2 . 特例:点 P(x,y)到原点 O 的距离: | OP |?

x2 ? y 2

2. 直线的倾斜角(0°≤ ? <180°)、斜率: k ? tan? 3. 过两点 P1 ( x1 , y1 ), P2 ( x 2 , y 2 )的直线的斜率公式:k ?

y 2 ? y1 . x 2 ? x1

( x1 ? x2 )

当 x1

? x2 , y1 ? y 2 (即直线和 x 轴垂直)时,直线的倾斜角 ? = 90? ,没有斜率

新疆 学案

王新敞

⑵两条平行线间的距离公式:设两条平行直线 l 1: Ax ? By ?C 1? 0,l 2 : Ax ? By ?C 2 ? 0(C 1?C 2 ) , 它们之间的距离为 d ,则有 d ?
C 1 ?C 2 A2 ?B 2

.

7. 关于点对称和关于某直线对称: ⑴关于点对称的两条直线一定是平行直线,且这个点到两直线的距离相等. ⑵关于某直线对称的两条直线性质:若两条直线平行,则对称直线也平行,且两直线到对称 直线距离相等. 若两条直线不平行, 则对称直线必过两条直线的交点, 且对称直线为两直线夹角的角平分线. ⑶点关于某一条直线对称,用中点表示两对称点,则中点在对称直线上(方程①),过两对 称点的直线方程与对称直线方程垂直(方程②)①②可解得所求对称点. 二、圆的方程. 如果曲线 C 的方程是 f(x ,y)=0,那么点 P0(x0 ,y)线 C 上的充要条件是 f(x0 ,y0)=0 2. 圆的标准方程:以点 C (a, b) 为圆心, r 为半径的圆的标准方程是 ( x ? a) 2 ?( y ? b) 2 ?r 2 . 特例:圆心在坐标原点,半径为 r 的圆的方程是: x 2 ? y 2 ?r 2 . 3. 圆的一般方程: x 2 ? y 2 ? Dx ? Ey ? F ? 0 .
? D E? ,? ? ,半径 r ? 2? ? 2 D 2 ? E 2 ?4 F . 2

当 D 2 ? E 2 ?4F ? 0 时,方程表示一个圆,其中圆心 C ? ?

第 9 页 共 135 页

当 D 2 ? E 2 ?4F ? 0 时,方程表示一个点 ? ?

? D E? ,? ? . 2? ? 2

当 D 2 ? E 2 ?4F ? 0 时,方程无图形(称虚圆). 4. 点和圆的位置关系:给定点 M ( x 0 , y 0 ) 及圆 C : ( x ? a) 2 ?( y ? b) 2 ?r 2 . ① M 在圆 C 内 ? ( x 0 ?a) 2 ?( y 0 ?b) 2 ?r 2 ② M 在圆 C 上 ? x 0 ?a) 2 ?( y 0 ?b) 2 ?r 2 ( ③ M 在圆 C 外 ? ( x 0 ?a) 2 ?( y 0 ?b) 2 ?r 2 5. 直线和圆的位置关系: 设圆圆 C : ( x ? a) 2 ?( y ? b) 2 ?r 2 (r ? 0) ; 圆心 C (a, b) 到直线 l 的距离 d ? ① d ? r 时, l 与 C 相切; 附:若两圆相切,则 ?
? x 2 ? y 2 ? D 1 x ? E 1 y ? F 1? 0 ? ?x 2 ? y 2 ? D 2 x ? E 2 y ? F 2? 0 ? ? 相减为公切线方程.

直线 l : Ax ? By ? C ? 0( A 2 ? B 2 ? 0) ;

Aa ? Bb ? C A2 ?B 2

.

C 1:x 2 ? y 2 ? D1 x ? E 1y ? F 1? 0 ② d ? r 时, l 与 C 相交; C 2 :x 2 ? y 2 ? D 2 x ? E 2 y ? F 2 ? 0 附:公共弦方程:设 有两个交点,则其公共弦方程为 ( D1 ?D 2 ) x ? ( E 1?E 2 ) y ? ( F 1?F 2 ) ? 0 .

③ d ? r 时, l 与 C 相离. 由代数特征判断: 方程组 ? 其判别式为 ? ,则: ? ? 0 ? l 与 C 相切; ? ? 0 ? l 与 C 相交; ? ? 0 ? l 与 C 相离. 一般方程若点(x0 ,y0)在圆上, 则(x – a)(x0 – a)+(y – b)(y0 – b)=R2. 特别地, 过圆 x 2 ? y 2 ?r 2 上一 点 P( x 0 , y 0 ) 的切线方程为 x 0 x ? y 0 y ?r 2 .
? ?( x ? a) 2 ?( y ? b) 2 ?r 2 用代入法, 得关于 x(或 y ) 的一元二次方程, ? ? Ax ? Bx ? C ? 0

圆锥曲线方程
一、椭圆方程. 1. 椭圆方程的第一定义:
PF1 ? PF 2 ? 2a ? F 1F 2 方程为椭圆, PF1 ? PF 2 ? 2a ? F 1F 2 无轨迹, PF1 ? PF 2 ? 2a ? F 1F 2 以F 1, F 2为端点的线段

⑴①椭圆的标准方程:
第 10 页 共 135 页

i. ii.

中心在原点,焦点在 x 轴上: x
a

2 2

?

y2 b2
2 2

? 1(a ? b ? 0) .
x2 b2 ? 1(a ? b ? 0) .

ii. 中心在原点,焦点在 y 轴上: y
a

?

②一般方程: Ax 2 ? By 2 ? 1( A ? 0, B ? 0) .⑵①顶点: (?a,0)(0,?b) 或 (0,?a)(?b,0) .②轴:对称轴:x 轴 , y 轴 ; 长 轴 长 2a , 短 轴 长 2b .③ 焦 点 : (?c,0)(c,0) 或 (0,?c)(0, c) .④ 焦 距 :
F 1F 2 ? 2c, c ? a 2 ?b 2 .⑤准线: x ? ?

a2 a2 c 或y?? .⑥离心率: e ? (0 ? e ? 1) . c c a
2b 2 a2 ( ? c, b2 b2 ) 和 ( c, ) a a

⑧通径:垂直于 x 轴且过焦点的弦叫做通经.坐标: d ? 二、双曲线方程. 1. 双曲线的第一定义:
PF 1 ? PF 2 ? 2a ? F 1F 2 方程为双曲线 PF 1 ? PF 2 ? 2a ? F 1F 2 无轨迹 PF 1 ? PF 2 ? 2a ? F 1F 2 以F 1, F 2 的一个端点的一条射线

⑴① 双 曲 线 标 准 方 程 :
Ax 2 ?Cy 2 ? 1( AC ? 0) .

x2 a2

?

y2 b2

? 1(a, b ? 0),

y2 a2

?

x2 b2

? 1(a, b ? 0) . 一 般 方 程 :

⑵①i. 焦点在 x 轴上: 顶点: (a,0), (?a,0)
x2 a2 ? y2 b2 ?0

焦点: (c,0), (?c,0)

准线方程 x ? ?

a2 c

渐近线方程:

x y ? ?0或 a b

②轴 x, y 为对称轴,实轴长为 2a, 虚轴长为 2b,焦距 2c. ③离心率 e ? ⑤参数关系 c 2 ?a 2 ?b 2 , e ?
c . a

c . a

④通径

2b 2 . a

⑥焦点半径公式:对于双曲线方程

x2 a2

?

y2 b2

? 1 ( F 1,F 2 分别

为双曲线的左、右焦点或分别为双曲线的上下焦点) ⑶等轴双曲线: 双曲线 x 2 ? y 2 ? ? a 2 称为等轴双曲线, 其渐近线方程为 y ? ? x , 离心率 e ? 2 . 三、抛物线方程. 3. 设 p ? 0 ,抛物线的标准方程、类型及其几何性质:
y 2 ? 2 px
y 2 ? ?2 px


x 2 ? 2 py
y


x 2 ? ?2 py


图形



y

y

y

x O

x O

x O
O

x

焦点

p F ( ,0) 2

F (?

p ,0) 2

p F (0, ) 2

F (0,?

p ) 2

第 11 页 共 135 页

准线 范围 对称轴 顶点 离心率 焦点

x??

p 2

x?

p 2

y??

p 2

y?

p 2

x ? 0, y ? R

x ? 0, y ? R

x ? R, y ? 0

x ? R, y ? 0

x轴

y轴

(0,0)
e ?1
PF ? p ? x1 2 PF ? p ? x1 2 PF ? p ? y1 2 PF ? p ? y1 2

注:通径为 2p,这是过焦点的所有弦中最短的. 四、圆锥曲线的统一定义.. :椭圆、双曲线、抛物线的标准方程与几何性质 椭圆 定义 1. 到两定点 F1,F2 的距离 之和为定值 2a(2a>|F1F2|) 的点的轨迹 2.与定点和直线的距离 之比为定值 e 的点的轨 迹.(0<e<1) 图形 方 标准 方程 双曲线 1.到两定点 F1,F2 的距 离之差的绝对值为定值 2a(0<2a<|F1F2|)的点的 轨迹 2. 与定点和直线的距离 之比为定值 e 的点的轨 迹.(e>1) 与定点和直线的距离相等 的点的轨迹. 抛物线

x2 y2 ? ? 1 ( a ? b >0) a2 b2
─a?x?a,─b?y?b 原点 O(0,0) (a,0), (─a,0), (0,b) , (0,─b) x 轴,y 轴; 长轴长 2a,短轴长 2b F1(c,0), F2(─c,0) (c= a ? b )
2 2

x2 y2 ? ? 1 (a>0,b>0) a2 b2
|x| ? a,y?R 原点 O(0,0) (a,0), (─a,0)

y2=2px

程 范围 中心 顶点 对称轴 焦点 焦距 2c 离心率 准线 x?0 (0,0) x轴

x 轴,y 轴; 实轴长 2a, 虚轴长 2b. F1(c,0), F2(─c,0) 2c (c= a ? b )
2 2

p F ( ,0 ) 2

e?

c (0 ? e ? 1) a

e?

c (e ? 1) a

e=1

a2 x= ? c

a2 x= ? c
y=±

x??

p 2

渐近线

b x a

第 12 页 共 135 页

焦半径 通径

r ? a ? ex
2b 2 a

r ? ?(ex ? a)
2b 2 a

r ? x?

p 2

2p

立体几何
平面. 1. 经过不在同一条直线上的三点确定一个面. 注:两两相交且不过同一点的四条直线必在同一平面内. 2. 两个平面可将平面分成 3 或 4 部分.(①两个平面平行,②两个平面相交) 3. 过三条互相平行的直线可以确定 1 或 3 个平面.(①三条直线在一个平面内平行,②三条 直线不在一个平面内平行) 一、 空间直线. 1. 空间直线位置分三种:相交、平行、异面. 相交直线—共面有反且有一个公共点;平行直 线—共面没有公共点;异面直线—不同在任一平面内 2. 异面直线判定定理:过平面外一点与平面内一点的直线和平面内不经过该点的直线是异 面直线.(不在任何一个平面内的两条直线) 3. 平行公理:平行于同一条直线的两条直线互相平行. 4. 等角定理:如果一个角的两边和另一个角的两边分别平行并且方向相同,那么这两个角 相等 (如下图) . (二面角的取值范围? ? ?0? ,180 ? ? ) 1 1 2 (直线与直线所成角? ? ?0? ,90 ? ?) (斜线与平面成角? ? ?0 ? ,90 ? ? ) 2 (直线与平面所成角? ? ?0 ? ,90 ? ?) 方向不相同 方向相同 (向量与向量所成角 ? ? [0 ? ,180? ]) 推论:如果两条相交直线和另两条相交直线分别平行,那么这两组直线所成锐角(或直角) 相等. 二、 直线与平面平行、直线与平面垂直. 1. 空间直线与平面位置分三种:相交、平行、在平面内. 2. 直线与平面平行判定定理:如果平面外一条直线和这个平面内一条直线平行,那么这条 直线和这个平面平行.(“线线平行,线面平行”) [注]:①直线 a 与平面 ? 内一条直线平行,则 a ∥ ? . (?)(平面外一条直线) ②直线 a 与平面 ? 内一条直线相交,则 a 与平面 ? 相交. (?)(平面外一条直线) ③若直线 a 与平面 ? 平行,则 ? 内必存在无数条直线与 a 平行. (√) (不是任意一条直线, 可利用平行的传递性证之) ④两条平行线中一条平行于一个平面,那么另一条也平行于这个平面. (?)(可能在此平 面内) ⑤平行于同一直线的两个平面平行.(?)(两个平面可能相交) ⑥平行于同一个平面的两直线平行.(?)(两直线可能相交或者异面) ⑦直线 l 与平面 ? 、 ? 所成角相等,则 ? ∥ ? .(?)( ? 、 ? 可能相交) 3. 直线和平面平行性质定理:如果一条直线和一个平面平行,经过这条直线的平面和这个 平面相交,那么这条直线和交线平行.(“线面平行,线线平行”) 直线与平面垂直的判定定理二: 如果平行线中一条直线垂直于一个平面, 那么另一条也垂直
第 13 页 共 135 页

于这个平面. 推论:如果两条直线同垂直于一个平面,那么这两条直线平行. [注]:①垂直于同一平面的两个平面平行.(?)(可能相交,垂直于同一条直线的两个平 .... ..... 面平行) ②垂直于同一直线的两个平面平行.(√)(一条直线垂直于平行的一个平面,必垂直于另 一个平面) ③垂直于同一平面的两条直线平行.(√) 三、 平面平行与平面垂直. 1. 空间两个平面的位置关系:相交、平行. 2. 平面平行判定定理:如果一个平面内有两条相交直线都平行于另一个平面,哪么这两个 平面平行.(“线面平行,面面平行”) 推论:垂直于同一条直线的两个平面互相平行;平行于同一平面的两个平面平行. [注]:一平面间的任一直线平行于另一平面. 3. 两个平面平行的性质定理:如果两个平面平行同时和第三个平面相交,那么它们交线平 行.(“面面平行,线线平行”) 4. 两个平面垂直性质判定一:两个平面所成的二面角是直二面角,则两个平面垂直. 两个平面垂直性质判定二: 如果一个平面与一条直线垂直, 那么经过这条直线的平面垂直于 这个平面.(“线面垂直,面面垂直”) 四. 空间几何体 .异面直线所成角的求法: (1)平移法:在异面直线中的一条直线中选择一特殊点,作另一条的平行线; (2)补形法:把空间图形补成熟悉的或完整的几何体,如正方体、平行六面体、长方 体等,其目的在于容易发现两条异面直线间的关系; .直线与平面所成的角 .二面角的求法 .空间距离的求法(求点到直线的距离) 转化为求三棱锥的高,利用等体积法列方程求解; 正方体和长方体的外接球的直径等于其体对角线长;

概率 知识要点
1. 概率:随机事件 A 的概率是频率的稳定值,反之,频率是概率的近似值. 2. 等可能事件的概率:如果一次试验中可能出现的结果有年 n 个,且所有结果出现的可能 1 性都相等,那么,每一个基本事件的概率都是 ,如果某个事件 A 包含的结果有 m 个,那 n 么事件 A 的概率 P(A)?
m . n

3. ①互斥事件:不可能同时发生的两个事件叫互斥事件. 如果事件 A、B 互斥,那么事件 A+B 发生(即 A、B 中有一个发生)的概率,等于事件 A、B 分别发生的概率和,即 P(A+B)=P(A)+P(B),推广: P(A1 ?A 2 ? ? ?A n ) ? P(A1 ) ? P(A2 ) ? ? ? P(An ) . ②对立事件:两个事件必有一个发生的互斥事件叫对立事件. ............... 注意:i.对立事件的概率和等于 1: P(A)? P(A) ? P(A? A) ? 1 .
互斥 对立

ii.互为对立的两个事件一定互斥,但互斥不一定是对立事件. ③相互独立事件:事件 A(或 B)是否发生对事件 B(或 A)发生的概率没有影响.这样的两个事 件叫做相互独立事件. 如果两个相互独立事件同时发生的概率, 等于每个事件发生的概率的
第 14 页 共 135 页

积,即 P(A· B)=P(A)· P(B).

回归分析和独立性检验
第一步:提出假设检验问题 第二步:选择检验的指标 H 0 :吸烟与患肺癌没有关系 ? H 1 :吸烟与患肺癌有关系

n(ad ? bc)2 (它越小,原假设“H 0 :吸 (a ? b)(c ? d )(a ? c)(b ? d ) 烟与患肺癌没有关系”成立的可能性越大;它越大,备择假设“H 1 :吸烟与患肺癌有关系” K2 ?
成立的可能性越大.
n ? ? xi yi ? nx y ? ?b ? i ?1 ? n 回归直线方程的求法: ? ? xi2 ? n( x)2 ? i ?1 ? ? a ? y ? bx ?

2013 高考英语单选答题技巧
1、考点分布相对稳定、集中。英语的时态、语态、非谓语动词、名词、代词、形容词、 副词、冠词、情态动词出现的频率较高,尤其要引起重视的是动词、动词补语、各种习惯表 达法及交际用法。 2、语言基础知识的考查不能脱离一定的语境。近年来,高考题重视考查学生的语言实 践能力, 将单纯的语法语言知识放置于一定的语言环境, 这是近年来高考英语测试改革的一 个方向,考生在做题的过程中应该树立全局观、整体观,不能顾此失彼,只注意语法知识的 正确性而忽略了语境使用中的合理性。 3、题干设计的新颖性。几乎每年的高考题在题干设计上都有所创新,考生在考试之前 应该有相应的心理准备。在考试过程中,遇到新颖的题干不心慌,沉着、冷静地对考题加以 分析。对于单项填空题,考生应该仔细分析,积极揣摩出题人的意图。也就是我们常说的做 题时切忌盲目,要找准考点。这样,既增加了做题的准确性,又节约了时间。在高考前的后 期复习中,考生们应对高频考点进行拉网式地认真清理,做到知识条理清楚,哪些点常考什 么,要心中有数,不打无准备之仗。 4、近年来其内容愈来愈贴近生活,因此考生除了复习考纲所列的词汇和语法知识,还要 注意归纳英汉两种文化的差异,熟悉所学的习惯用法,提高顺应语境的能力。 5、要看清楚题干再做题。碰到个别难题,别花太多时间。选择题分数只占 10%,建议 考生把时间控制在 10 分钟以内。 通过近几年玖久高考专家对高考英语试卷及得失分的分析, 有很多同学单项填空题正确 率还不到一半,这已成为高考拉开距离的题型。根据大量的抽样调查表明,除开英语单词不 认识的(基础特别差的学生) ,许多考生把单项填空题理解为单纯的语法考察题,把选项和 语境割离开来,被干扰选项迷惑。而事实上,高考英语的单项选择题已经由传统的单纯考查 语法知识逐渐向英语应用的方向发展, 考查的知识点越来越多, 不仅考查语言知识的记忆与
第 15 页 共 135 页

简单再现, 更重要的是考查在不同水平与层次上语言知识的运用。 考生应该把单项选择题当 成一个小的阅读理解题, 一道题的每个单词甚至是标点符号都在提供信息, 从理解语境出发 到找到关键词,再加上语法、句法、固定搭配去找到正确答案。其基本的解题步骤是理解语 境---划关键词---对比选项(从语法、句法、固定搭配出发)---解出答案。 解题时也有技巧, 高考一些单项选择题的测试点本来十分简单, 但命题者有意把题干复 杂化,改写为一个少见或陌生的结构。应试者可以反其道而行之,把题干还原为自己熟悉的 结构,如将疑问句改为陈述句,将倒装句改为陈述句,将被动句改为主动句,将强调句型去 掉,将难句简化或者是将省略句补全。 英语的选择题注重在“选”上,因此要加强选项对 比。 不知道大家注意没有,英语试卷中,每一个部分都用黑体字写了这一行字:从 A.B.C.D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。明确告诉我们 要挑选出一个最佳选项,而不是做出一个正确选项。因此在做英语试题时,比较是非常重要 的。

那么根据英语命题的特征和英语答题模式,玖久高考专家结合了几位英语选 择题获取满分的三位同学的经验:虽然高考题型朝着新颖性变化,但是还是跳脱 不开考察语言基础:1、英语语法知识;2、对近义词或习惯用语的辨析;3、日 常交际用语。而这三个方面各有其内在规律,因此只要我们了解了这些规律,掌 握这些规律, 就能逐渐形成答好单项填空题目的解题技巧。高考的学生要想快又 准地做好单选题,必须具备下列技巧: 1、 题眼法 “题眼” 是指题干中的关键词或关键符号, 它具有提示信息的作用。 一旦抓住了它,就能掌握选择的依据。如时间、地点、关联词、转折词等。 2、还原法:把倒装式、强调式或疑问式的题干变换为陈述句,再选就容易多 了。 3、归类法:根据句意,把选项分组归类,缩小范围,提高做题的速度和准确 性。 4、推理法:根据前后文,进行逻辑推理,在四个选项都可填入的情况下,要 认真阅读全句,仔细体会其语境,根据前后文,进行判断。 5、排除法:对于难度较大的题,一时不知道选哪一个。这时要逐个试填,最 后,选取组成最好语境的选项。

一.还原法:题干以省略句,疑问句,被动句,倒装句,强调句或使用从句等形式,避开考 生所熟悉的陈述句结构,从而达到加大难度。 例如:1. To all of you _____ the honor for the success. A.belongs to B.belong to C.belongs (C) D.belong

第 16 页 共 135 页

分析:倒装句,还原后为:The honor for the success belongs to all of you. 2. Time should be made good use of ___our lessons well. A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. learns (C)

分析:将题干改写为主动句,则为 We should make good use of time ____our lesson well. 3.——What made her mother so angry? ——____the exam. A. Because she did not pass C. She did not pass (B) B. Her not passing D. Because her not passing

分析;将题干改写为:____the exam made her mother so angry. 解题决窍:将不熟悉的疑问句,倒装句,被动句,强调句等还原为熟悉的陈述句;也可将残 缺的部分补出或将多余的部分删除。 例:1.. It is ____Tom often breaks the school rules ____makes his teacher unsatisfied with him. (C) A. what;that B. that;what C. that;that D. which;that

分析: 强调句型的特点是把 It is

that 去掉句子是完整的, 该句可以还原为: _____Tom often

breaks the school rules makes his teacher unsatisfied with him. Makes 是谓语, 前面是主语从句, 缺少引导词 that 2. ______ it rain tomorrow,we would have to cancel the football match. A.Were B. Would C. Will D. Should (D)

分析:这是虚拟条件句,与将来事实相反,还原为: If it should rain tomorrow… 3. --- Where do you think ___ he ___ the computer? --- Sorry. I have no idea. A. has; bought B. 不填; bought C. did; buy (B) D. 不填; buys

分析:该句还原为陈述句语序为: You think where he___ the computer? think 后接的是宾语从句,因此应该是陈述语序 4. Though he started late, Mr Guo played the piano as well as , if ____, than Mr. Liu. B. not better C. no better than D. no better (D)

not better than

分析:if 条件句是省略的,应该还原为:if he did not play better than Mr. Liu 二.排除思维定势 利用思维定势的影响来设题, 这是最容易让我们上当的题。 因为我们背记了许多语法
第 17 页 共 135 页

规则,词汇,词的固定搭配和句子结构等,做题时只注意这些熟悉的语法规则,结构和局部 固定搭配,往往在没有完全弄清整个题干意思是就作出了选择,结果当然出错。 1.I‘m sorry I can‘t help _____ the floor of the classroom. A. sweeping B. swept C. to sweep D. to sweeping

2.Madame Curie,for _____ life had once been very hard,was successful later. A.whom B.which C.whose D.that

3. Do you have any idea of the reason _____ he referred to? A.that B.where C.why D.when 4. ----What do think of the plan? ---- I feel ____that we ought to give it up at once. A. strongly B. strong C. stronger D. it strong 答案:CAAA

解题决窍:正确理解句意,避免定势思维。在学习过程中,尤其是复习阶段,我们应就一些 常见的、重要的词、词组及句型加以反复训练,以加深印象,以避免思维定势的干扰 三.克服汉英差异 英汉在表达习惯,思维方式等方面具有很多不同,命题者常利用汉英差异出题。如汉语 的―参加‖在许多情况下都适用,如参加会议,参加考试,参加解放军等,而在英语中则因不 同的宾语用不同的动词,如: take part in the celebration, attend a meeting, join the army, take an exam, join in a discussion 例如:

1.– It‘s getting late. I'm afraid I must be going now. - OK. ______ . A.Take it easy B. Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you

2. The population of China is _____than that of Russia. A. much more B. much larger C. many more D. many larger

3. There was once a cruel king _____in the castle. A. lived 答案:DBD 解题决窍:留心英汉表达差异 ,平时要多读﹑多比较﹑多归纳。避免 Chinglish 后,对比所 剩的选项,最后得出最佳答案 四. 注意题干惯性:此种类型的题多以对话形式出现,我们答题往往会借助原题干的动词时 态和结构等来判断选项,结果造成错选。 1. -Alice. you feed the bird today, _____ ? -But I fed it yesterday. (1999 全国卷) A. do you B. will you C. didn?t you D. don't you B. who lives C. was living D. living

第 18 页 共 135 页

2. ----You haven't been to Beijing, have you? ----_____.How I wish to go there! A. Yes, I have B. Yes, I haven't C. No, I have D. No, I haven't

3.— Has Sam finished his homework today? —I have no idea. He ______ it this morning.(2004 全国卷) A. did B. has done C. was doing D. had done 答案:BDC

解题决窍:分清角色。由于这种试题多出现在对话题中,答语往往较简洁,多有省略,拿不 准时,应将答语补充完整。另外要分清问答语气不同所使用的情态动词也不同,注意汉英不 同习惯的表达。 五.区分形近义近词:把相似、相近的词语或结构放在一起作为干扰选项,若我们基础知识 掌握不牢就难于区分。例如: 1. The films made by Disney ______ all over the world. A.are used to show C.used to be shown B.are used to showing D.used to show

2. -Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls? -Yes. They have better players, so I__them to win. A. hope B. prefer C. expect D. want

3. I‘d like to buy a house—modern ,comfortable ,and _______ in a quiet neighborhood.(2004 福建) A.in all 答案:CCB 解题诀窍:1)明确词意 所选答案要符合句子意思; B.above all C.after all D.at all

2)归纳比较 平时要特别重视收集归纳比较同义词、近义词和相似词的异同,牢记它们的用 法。 六. 弄清语言环境:命题人在题干中不明确将语言时间或空间背景标示出来,而是比较巧妙 地隐含在句子中,稍不注意就会错选。例如: 1.-Hey, look where you are going? -Oh, I'm terribly sorry.___. A. I?m not noticing C. I haven‘t noticing B. I wasn't noticing D. I don't noticing

2. Robert is said _____abroad, but I don't know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying

3. Mr. White _____ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn‘t show up.
第 19 页 共 135 页

A. should have arrived C. should have had arrived 答案:BAA

B. should arrive D. should be arriving

解题诀窍:1)身临其境,揣摩意图 特别是对付考查时态的试题更要将自己置身于所提供 的背景之中,同时注意揣摩命题者的意图; 2) 认真分析题干里所隐藏的信息,抓住关键词的提示,如前后动词的时态以及那些貌似 与题目无关的信息。 七、简化法:对于长句尤其是含从句或并列成份较长的题,要善于抓住句子的主干,剥离出 次要的信息,这样使长句难句简单化。先看主句的信息,再加上次要的从句的信息,再长的 句子也不难了。 1.As we all know, newspapers, magazines and radios as well as television broadcasts can keep us ____ about what is happening at home and abroad. A.informing B.informed C.to inform D.being informed

此句的主干是:newspapers 等 can keep us ____,横线处缺少补语。us 与 inform 存在被动意 义,因此选 B。D 项虽有被动意义,但是含正在进行的意义,而此句指的是一般行为,故选 B 2. Dina, ____for months to find a job as a waitress, finally found a position at a local advertising agency. A.struggling B.struggled C. having struggled D. to struggle

此句主干为:Dina found a position… found 是谓语,且前面没有 and,说明与前面的 struggle 不是并列谓语,struggle 应是非谓语动词。因与 Dina 存在主动意义,因此用现在分词,故选 C 3. A number of students ____said they were forced to practice the piano. A.to question B.to be questioned C.questioned D. questioning

此句主干为:Students said (that)从句,空处缺修饰 students 的定语,question 与之存在被动 意义,在 B 与 C 间选。因 B 项表将来被动,C 表完成被动,故选 C 解题要诀:熟悉英语的五个基本句型: 主谓;主系表;主谓宾;主谓宾宾;主谓宾补 分析句子成分时最主要找出谓语动词,则整个句子结构就会非常清晰 解题注意事项 1.认真审题,不许只把题干读一半,也不要随便加词或减词,保证正确地理解题意。为此建 议在心中默读出声,读时注意意群停顿,以便产生正确的语感。读选项时一定要每个选项都 看完,不能在没把选项看全的情况下盲目得出答案
第 20 页 共 135 页

That is the room ___our family used to sit in the evening. A. in which B.in where C. which D. that

(A)

意群停顿: That is the room / in which / our family used to sit / in the evening 2.做题时要思路清晰,通常可以先排除两个选项,这时也许对所剩的两项感到―模棱两可‖, 千万不要盲选。必须根据语境及两个选项的差别,最后准确定出答案 People aren‘t watching ___television as before on Christmas Day because they use their videos. A. too much B. too many C. as much D.as many

先排除 B 和 D,因 television 不可数。后面有 as,故选 C 3.对于―模棱四可‖的题必须每个选项逐一排除,即使看完第一项觉得正确,也必须把所有选 项读完,也许后面有更为准确的用语 1) I don‘t ___rock‘s roll, it‘s much too noisy for my taste. A.go after B.go away with C.go into D.go in for (D)

2)___children believe they can succeed, they will never become totally confident. A. If B. Since C. Once D. Unless (D)

艺考生的救命稻草! 突破 130 分,快速提高 30 分的锦囊妙计! 6 步搞定任何高考英语阅读真题,一般人不告诉他(她)!

2013 吴军高考英语阅读理解 3 天提分秘术
众说周知,得阅读、完形者得天下! 文章看没看懂不重要,关键是要选对! 高考英语阅读的核心暗示点:词和短语! 题目(或题干)有暗示,秘笈为你精准导航! 选项与出题点之间存在逻辑关系,3 天帮您梳理! 速度比完美更重要,思路比题海要有效!

2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术, 既不是神人的牛 B 押题, 也不是最牛高考班的密卷! 而是沈阳高分英语家教吴军老师从 2000-2012 年 2700 多篇高考英语阅读真题答案内幕规律 衍生出的迅捷提分秘诀!

第 21 页 共 135 页

2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术是纸质的解析讲解类自学教案,而不是如同上大课般 的名师讲座光盘(如高分突破,提分宝典,四步兵法,高频考点等),你可以站着,躺着, 甚至在卫生间里也可以阅读自学! 立竿见影!以一顶百!9 年来我们在自我独门秘笈的基础上,20%参阅了 132 种全国知 名高考英语教案或资料(如:新东方,张清波,北京四中李俊和,管卫东,提分宝典,高频 考点等)。但发现很多名师教案与高考提分关联度小,因为相当一部分名师只是把自己在考 研和雅思领域的研究成果生搬硬套到高考英语教学中 (讲述的高频词汇严重超纲, 甚至是大 学 6 级的),而不是深入到 2700 篇历届阅读真题中潜心研究,效果可想而知。还有些重点 高中一线老师, 将自己上课用的教案制作成光盘用以贩卖, 其实质不过是高频考点和词汇的 串讲,有的甚至用 35%的篇章讲述如何记忆单词,而广告却说是提分秘笈,真是让人遗憾! 好消息!吴军老师 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀仅释放了其 30%的功力,就达到了 90% 以上的客户满意度,为了配合文科其他科目的上市,2013 年吴军高考英语将释放其 70%的 功力,2013 年高考英语提分速度和幅度将再升一倍,看完下列示例后,还不赶紧抢购呀!

目录: 一、2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征 二、2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词 三、擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码 四、阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则 五、阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀 六、阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律

2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征(10 条秘诀)
秘诀一:被动结构是备选项高频答案特征!

【2010 辽宁卷 B 篇】I hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, “I‘m having a dinner party' means: "I'm booking ' a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter
第 22 页 共 135 页

what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don‘t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes.(转折对比,说明前面 New Yorkers 评价是
Self-centred.) Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the

guests were from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York? A There is a strange mix of people. C. The bill is not fairly shared. B. The restaurants are expensive. D. People have to pay cash

63. What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience? A. Easy-going. B. Self-centred. C. Generous. D. Conservative.

【2012 四川卷 E 篇】So far, efforts to cut emissions(排放)of planet-warming greenhouse gases are not seen as enough to prevent the Earth heating up beyond 2℃ this century — a point scientists say will bring the danger of a changeable climate in which weather extremes are common, leading to drought, floods, crop failures and rising sea levels. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs about the world’s temperature? A. It has risen nearly 0.2℃ since 1979. B. Its change will lead to weather extremes. C. It is 0.8℃ higher in 1979 than that of 1990. D. It needs to be controlled within 2℃ in this century.

【2012 四川卷 A 篇】The seasons change just outside the door. We watch the maples turn every shade of yellow and red in the fall and note the poplars‘(杨树)putting out the first green leaves of spring. The rainbow smelt fills the local steam as the ice gradually disappears, and the wood frogs start to sing in pools after being frozen for the winter. A family of birds rules our skies and flies over the lake. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean? A. The change of seasons is easily felt. B. The seasons make the scenes change. C. The weather often changes in the forest.

第 23 页 共 135 页

D. The door is a good position to enjoy changing seasons.

【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】 authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for The healthy people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55. What can we learn from the text? A. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart. B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality. C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking, D. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made.

【2012 江西卷 D 篇】 those who make journeys across the world, the speed of travel today For has turned the countries into a series of villages.Distances between them appear no greater to a modern traveler than those which once faced men as they walked from village to village. Jet plane fly people from one end of the earth to the other, allowing them a freedom of movement undreamt of a hundred years ago. Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. Then there is the time spent being ―processed‖ at a modern airport. People are conveyed like robots along walkways; baggage is weighed, tickets produced, examined and produced yet again before the passenger move again to another waiting area. Journeys by rail and sea take longer, yes, but the hours devoted to being “processed‖ at departure and arrival in airports are luckily absent. No wonder, then, that the modern high-speed trains are winning back passengers from the airlines. Man, however, is now a world traveler and can not turn his back on the airplane. The working lives of too many people depend upon it; whole new industries have been built around its design and operation. The holiday maker, too, with limited time to spend, patiently endures the
第 24 页 共 135 页

busy airports and limited space of the flight to gain those extra hours and even days, relaxing in the sun. speed controls people‘s lives; time saved, in work or play, is the important thing—or so we are told. Perhaps those first horsemen, riding free across the wild, open plains, were enjoying a better world than the one we know today. They could travel at will, and the clock was not their master. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73.According to Paragraph3, passengers are turning back to modern high-speed trains because_____. A.they pay less for the tickets B.they feel safer during the travel C.they can enjoy higher speed of travel D.they don‘t have to waste time being “processed” 75.What is the main idea of the passage? A.Air travel benefits people and industries. B.Train Travel has some advantages over air travel. C.Great changes have taken place in modern travel. D.The high speed of air travel is gained at a cost.

2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词 17 项不到 90 个单词) (
秘诀 9:

lead to (result in, bring about, cause)是选项中答案高频暗示词!

【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】 First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------51. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________ . A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 具体! 具体!

【2011 湖北卷 D 篇】 own generation has access to more nutritious food .more convenient our transport .bigger houses, better ears .and of course, more pounds and dollars than any who lived
第 25 页 共 135 页

before us .This will continue as long as we there things to make other things, This more we specialize and exchange, the better off we‘ll be. 2) Brilliant advances One reason we are richer, healthier, taller, cleverer, longer-lived and freer than ener before is that the four most basie human needs -food, clothing, fuel and shelter- have grown a lot cheaper. Take one example. In 1800 a candle providing one hour‘s light cost six hours‘ work. In the 1880s the same light from an oil lamp took 15 minutes‘ work to pay for. In 1950 it was eight seconds. Today it‘s half second. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65. The candle and lamp example is used to show that A. oil lamps give off more light than candles B. shortening working time brings about a happier life. C. advanced technology helps to produce better candles. D. increased production rate leads to lower cost of goods. .

秘诀 10:

Control (handle, deal with )是选项中答案高频暗示词!

【2012 天津卷 D 篇】 Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don‘t let this get in the way. They know they have their weaknesses, yet they don‘t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的)moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------52. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________. A. seem willing to experience failures in life C. handle ups and downs of life wisely B. possess the ability to predict future life D. have potential to create something new

【2012 山东卷 D 篇】 Last year, it was a refrigerator that tweeted. This year, it‘s Wi-Fi-enabled laundry machines and fridges that can tell you when your groceries are going bad. The washers and dryers, available starting in the spring, connect to any smartphone through a downloadable application. The phone can then be used as a remote control, so the machines can be turned on and off while their owners is at work or on the bus.
第 26 页 共 135 页

Samsung says it‘s not just something new — the app connection actually has some practical uses. ―If you started to dry clothes in the morning and forgot to take them out, you can go to your phone and restart your dryer for the time when come home, so your clothes are refreshed and ready to go,‖ said spokesperson Amy Schmidt. The company also says that with electricity rate(电价)varying depending on the time of day, more control over when the machines are used can help save money. Perhaps, but what they will probably really accomplish is what all good technologies do —enable laziness. Rather than getting up to check on whether the laundry is done, users will instead monitor it on their phones while watching TV. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73. What can we learn about the new laundry machines? A. They can tell you when your clothes need washing B. They can be controlled with a smartphone C. They are difficult to operate D. They are sold at a low price 秘诀 12:

miss (missing) ; lose (lost)是选项中答案高频暗示词!

【2011 全国新课标卷 A 篇】 There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of cheaper milk thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete (竞争). Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practiced to have a delivery service. Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. 1 took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son's friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box? A. He missed the good old days. C. He needed it for his milk bottles. B. He wanted to tell interesting stories. D. He planted flowers in it.

【2010 江西卷 A 篇】 Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was

第 27 页 共 135 页

unaware of everything else around him. He rode along until a strange sound drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to the heavens. What he saw shocked and terrified him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like a black cloud and the buzzing mass seemed to be heading angrily towards him. With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously—but without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(蜇). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bed for two whole days. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier? A. He was riding to school. B. He was listening to a strange sound. C. He was going fishing with his father. D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip.

擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码
方法一:找中心句 第一段首、末句(一段末出现转折) 二段一句、二句(二段对一段进行总结或否定) 尾段首末句, 90%在末句



汉语标注的地方!

【2012 全国新课标卷 B 篇】 Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helper 一 a little bird called a honey guide. The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives
第 28 页 共 135 页

(蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees‘ nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63. What can be the best title for the text? A. Wild Bees C. Beekeeping in Africa B. Wax and Honey D. Honey-Lover's Helper

表转折和因果处:

but, yet, however, instead,today,now,Although,so,

therefore, thus, as a result, because(since,as,for), one of the reasons was……, The results are……
It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all , their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries. Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived . They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog‘s legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places. This seemed like money for nothing . There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them . Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time ,the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn‘t last long. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers A.worked very hard for centuries C.were poor but somewhat content 【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 .

B.dreamed of having a better life D.lived a different life from their forefathers

第 29 页 共 135 页

Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever since. A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"。remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. What is the main idea of paragraph 1? A. People remember well what they learned in childhood. B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D. Stories for children are easy to remember.

【2012 重庆卷 E 篇】 In his 1930 essay ―Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren ―, John Keynes, economist, rewrote that human needs fall into two classes: absolute needs ,which are indeed what other have , and relative needs ,which make us feel superior to our fellows. He thought although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) this is not true of absolute. Keynes was surely correct that only a small part of total spending id decided by the superiority He was greatly mistaken, however, in seeing this derive as the only source of demands Decisions to spend are also driven by ideas of quality which can influence the den almost all goods, including even basic goods like food. When a couple goes out for an dinner, for example, the thought of feeling superior to others probably never comes to them. The goal is to share a special meal that stands out from other meals. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75.The author of the passage argues that ______. A. absolute needs have no limits B. demands for quality are not insatiable C. human desires influence ideas of quality D. relative needs decide most of our spending 【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】

第 30 页 共 135 页

Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe. Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露) environmental pollution to an increased to risk of heart problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风) within as little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物)were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of ―moderate‖ (良好)quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The text mainly discusses the relationship between A. heart problems and air quality C. heart problems and smoking .

B. heart problems and exercising D. heart problems and fatty food

写作目的题秘诀 13:广告文体写作目的题一般用

advertise!

【2012 重庆卷 B 篇】Top lists are lecturing people on everything from"100 books to read ". Aren't you just tired of being told what to do with your time? Now you have a list to end all lists! Take a look at the following two examples from the list of "101 things not to do": …… Go to See the Mona Lisa? There must be something about the mysterious(神秘的)smile. The 6 million people who the lady in the Louvre every year can‘t all be wrong after all. But they can be quite and standing in front of you, holding up their cameras to prevent you from seeing anything. In fact hard for you to see the painting clearly because you have to stay away from it for security read. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds most. So, still long to see the Mona Lisa? If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Tings NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20% discount. 63. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To advertise a book C. To comment on popular lists B. To introduce a website D. To recommend tourist activities.

第 31 页 共 135 页

写作目的题秘诀 17:一般说明文写作目的题常用 【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】

inform!

There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------54. The writer‘s purpose for writing this article is to_______. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence But 后面 violence 是重心!

写作目的题秘诀 18:新闻报道写作目的题常用

report!

【2012 全国 II 卷 D 篇】 ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia - One of the world's most famous fossils (化石) - the 3.2 million-year-old Lucy skeleton ( 骨骼 ) unearthed in Ethiopia in 1974 - will go on an exhibition tour abroad for the first time in the United States, officials said Tuesday. Even the Ethiopian public has only seen Lucy twice. The Lucy on exhibition at the Ethiopian National Museum in the capital. Addis Ababa is a replica while the real remains are usually locked in a secret storeroom. A team from the Museum of National Service in to U.S. tour. Texas spent four years disscusing with the Ethiopians for the U.S. tour. Which will start in Houston next September. "Ethiopia's rich culture of both the past and today, is one of the best kept secrets in the world,"said Joel Bartsch, director of the Houston museum. The six-year tour will also go to Washington, New York. Denver and Chicago. Officials said six other U.S. cities may be on the tour. But they said plans had not yet been worked out. Traveling with Lucy will be 190 other fossils. Lucy, her name taken from a Beatles song that played in a camp the night of her discovery, is part of the skeleton of what was once a 3?-foot-ball ape-man (猿人). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The author writes this text mainly to _ A. introduce a few U.S. museums _. B. describe some research work
第 32 页 共 135 页

C. discuss the value of an ape-man

D. report a coming event

阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则
秘诀 9:找到信息点后核对选项,发现照抄原文的不是答案,同义替换的通常是答案, 有时结合答案特征,发现的更快! Tanni‘s enduring success had been part motivation(动机), part preparation, ―The training I do that enables me to be a good sprinter(短跑运动员) enables me to be good at a marathon too. I train 50 weeks of the year and that keeps me prepared for whatever distance I want to race…. I am still competing at a very high lever, but as I get older things get harder and I want to retire before I fall apart.‖ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58. The underlined word ―that‖ in the 5th paragraph refers to _______. (此题容易错选 A ,但正确答案是 C ,怎样避开陷阱?) A. fifty weeks‘ training C. training almost every day B. being a good sprinter D. part motivation and part preparation

阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀
推论题秘诀 3: 没有中心句(中心词四选项都有),尾段也没有核对点,则找出题点核对!

【2012 福建卷 B 篇】 At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life,and he obviously knew it. "You may wonder, Sir Percival,‘‘ said Laura calmly, ―if I am going to ask to be released (免 除)from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much.― 汉语标注处是出题核对点! His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet. "No, if we are going to withdraw.(退出)from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine. ―Mine?‖ he said in great surprise. ―What reason could I have for withdrawing?‘ "A reason that is very hard to tell you," she answered. "There is a change in me. ‖ His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side. "What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm.
第 33 页 共 135 页

― When the promise was made two years ago, ‖ she said, my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?‖ ―I wish you to understand, ― Laura continued, ―that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow mc to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive mc and keep my secret." ?I will do both those things, ― he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was waiting to hear more. "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage, ― she added quietly. ― No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you, ― he said. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. We can learn from the passage that .

A. Laura had once promised to marry Percival B. Laura's father wished to end her marriage C. Percival had been married to Laura for two years D. Percival asked to be released from the marriage 文章取材题秘诀 5:若首段有小括号,里面有新华,搜狐,网易,新浪,路透,BBC 等提示, 如(XINHUA NET),或每段首句有具体时间信息点,则选项一定与 news 有关! 【2012 辽宁卷 C 篇】 If Confucius 孔子) ( were still alive today and could celebrate his September 28 birthday with a big cake, there would be a lot of candles.He‘d need a fan or a strong wind to help him put them out. While many people in China will remember Confucius on his special day, few people in the United States will give him a passing thought. It‘s nothing personal. Most Americans don‘t even remember the birthdays of their own national heroes. But this doesn‘t mean that Americans don‘t care about Confucius. In many ways he has become a bridge that foreigners must cross if they want to reach a deeper understanding of China. In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学).Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make
第 34 页 共 135 页

up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. So the old thinker‘s ideas are still alive and well. Today China attracts the West more than ever, and it will need more teachers to introduce Confucius and Chinese culture to the West. As for the old thinker, he will not soon be forgotten by people in the West, even if his birthday is. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. The passage is likely to appear in ___________. A. a biography C.a newspaper B. a history paper D. a philosophy textbook

文章取材题秘诀 6: 文章首尾句看是否有关键信息点,比如 book,可能是书的前言或简 介,若有价格,与钱有关或访问某网站,则可能是广告(advertisement)! 【2010 湖北卷 C 篇】 This brief book is aimed at high school students , but speaks to anyone learning at any stage of life. Its formal ,serious style closely matches its content ,a school-masterly book on schooling .The author , W .H . Armstrong ,starts with the basics : reading and writing . In his opinion , reading doesn‘t just mean recognizing each word on the page ; it means taking in the information,digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself .The goal is to bring the information back to life , not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees . Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other ; in fact ,the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text .I‘ve seen it again and again :some-one who can‘t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn‘t read it at all. Only a third of the book remains after that discussion ,which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages ,math , science and history . He generally handles these topics thoroughly(透彻地) and equally ,except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情) regarding history to his students , that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across .To my disappointment , in this part of the book he ignores the arts .As a matter of fact ,they demand all the concentration and study that math and
第 35 页 共 135 页

science do,though the study differs slightly in kind .Although it‘s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired ,actually ,learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s—none of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age. These are small points, though, and don‘t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------66. This passage can be classified as________. A. an advertisement C. a feature story B. a book review D. A news report

【2012 北京卷 A 篇】 The Basics of Math—Made Clear Basic Math introduces students to the basic concepts of mathematics, as well as the fundamentals of more tricky areas. These 30 fantastic lectures are designed to provide students with an understanding of arithmetic and to prepare them for Algebra(代数) and beyond. The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. They also look into exponents(指数), the order of operations, and square roots. In addition to learning how to perform various mathematical operations, students discover why these operations work, how a particular mathematical topic relates to other branches of mathematics, and how these operations can be used practically. Basic Math starts from the relatively easier concepts and gradually moves on to the more troublesome ones, so as to allow for steady and sure understanding of the material by students. The lectures offer students the chance to ―make sense‖ of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening. They also help students prepare for college mathematics and overcome their anxiety about this amazing—and completely understandable—field of study. By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery(神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. In addition, they will strengthen their ability to accept new and exciting mathematical challenges. Professor H. Siegel, honored by Kentucky Educational Television as ―the best math teacher in America,‖ is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that
第 36 页 共 135 页

make them seem clear and obvious. From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is master in making math lectures learner-friendlier and less scary. With a PhD in Mathematics Education from Georgia State University, Dr. Siegel teaches mathematics at Central Arizona College. His courses include various make-up classes and a number of lectures for future primary school teachers. If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from? A. A news report. C. A lesson plan. B. A book review D. An advertisement

文体结构题秘诀 4:指定段落有 a man, one man, such as 等信号词时, 结构为举 例(examples).

【2012 江西卷 D 篇】 Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72.How does the writer support the underlined statement in Paragraph2? A.By giving instructions. C.By following the order of time. B.By analyzing cause and effect. D.By giving examples.

【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 One explanation is the law of overlearning , which can be stated as follows: Once we have
第 37 页 共 135 页

learned something, additional learning trials(尝试)increase the length of time we will remember it. In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn. The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------68.The author explains the law of overlearning by_________. A. presenting research findings C. making a comparison B. setting down general rules D. using examples

阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律
词汇答题秘诀 12:模凌两可处如何处理?向该词就近信息点靠拢!向高频答案词特征靠 拢!选择范围大的!

【2011 重庆卷 A 篇】There was a gardener who looked after his garden with great care. To water his flowers, he used two buckers. One was a shiny and new bucket. The other was a very old and dilapidated one, which had seen many years of service, but was now past its best. 56. What does the underlined word ―dilapidated‖ probably mean? A. Dirty C. Worn-out 被动答案特征! B. Dark D. Plain-looking.

作者态度题秘诀 11:高频答案词 【2012 天津卷 B 篇】

caring(关心的; 有同情心的)

45. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates? A. Reliable and devoted. C. Proud but patient. B. Tough and generous. D. Strict but caring.
第 38 页 共 135 页

【2012 辽宁卷 B 篇】 61. Which of the following best describes the families of the astronauts on the ISS ? A. The are caring and thoughtful B. The are impatient and annoyed C. The are impatient and annoyed. D. The are excited and curious.

【2010 全国Ⅱ卷 A 篇】 45.Which of the following best describes Brownie? A. Shy B. Polite C. Brave D. Caring

更多阅读高分秘术和高频答案词尽在 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术教案中.艺考生和 体考生只要记住阅读高频答案词,就有可能 70%正确,再结合吴老师的 2013 高考英语阅读高 分秘术(技巧密籍:www.sypeterwu.com),一本,二本不再是梦!同时也为考重点大学满分攻略 带来了答案原理依据!

现在可以开始预定吴军 2013 高考英语高分秘诀系统教案啦!
单买: 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术教案 2013 高考英语完形 3 天提分秘术教案 2013 高考英语语法词汇 3 天提分秘术 2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则教案 2012 高考英语完形易经法则教案 2012 高考英语语法词汇高频考点 2012 高考英语高频答案词一本通 2011 高考英语阅读高分密码 2011 高考英语完形高分密码 原价 5000 元 原价 5000 元 原价 3000 元 现6折 现5折 现5折 3000 元 2500 元 1500 元 960 元 960 元 600 元 500 元 600 元 500 元

原价 3200 元 现 3 折 原价 3200 元 现 3 折 原价 2000 元 现 3 折 原价 2500 元 现 2 折 原价 3000 元 现 2 折 原价 2500 元 现 2 折

第 39 页 共 135 页

全套:(教案不含听力,加盟文字系统版不含电子版及 1 年辅导和策划服务) 2013 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术 辽宁卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 新课标(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 天津卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 上海卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 北京卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 浙江卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 四川卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 重庆卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 陕西卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 安徽卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 广东卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 湖南卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 湖北卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 江西卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 江苏卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 全国 I (作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 全国 II(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 福建卷(作文模板及特殊题型免费赠送) 学生自学版 教师授课版 加盟系统版 4200 元 4200 元 4500 元 4500 元 4500 元 4500 元 4000 元 4000 元 4000 元 4200 元 4200 元 4000 元 4500 元 4000 元 4200 元 4000 元 4200 元 4200 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 12000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元 20000 元

请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!

您孩子或许接受过一对一的大型品牌英语家教服务,甚至一线在职教师的辅导, 但绝大多数的情况是,您孩子的英语分数纹丝不动甚至下降了!为什么?
第 40 页 共 135 页

花言巧语的广告轰炸和信誓旦旦的保分承诺是让很多家长经不起的诱惑! 其实很多品牌 家教派给您孩子的家教不过是以前在马路上举牌仅值 30-50 元/小时的应往届毕业生而已! 最终,拿回承诺的退费比登山还难,即使退了,也换不来孩子的分数和本应美好的未来! 在职教师有着令人信服的耀眼光环,但该好的当然是好,但该坏的照样是坏的!重点高 中的孩子并不是你在职教师教出来的,因为学苗好,都 125-130 分了,谁教都会一样的好! 把普通学校的学生拿给在职教师教, 再用在职教师滚瓜烂熟的知识点串讲辅导和拿个五三套 题让学生去做,其结果,很难短期内事半功倍!

什么北京 XX 高分突破,60 分钟高考英语提分秘诀,2012 高分核按纽,选择 题高分模板等层出不穷,到底哪个才有效啊?与吴军高分密码有什么区别? 有的用名头砸人(比如用北京或上海英语学科带头人,参加过高考出题,享受国务院特 殊津贴等作为卖点);有的用卖成功学陈 XX 那样的文字广告框人;有的干脆模仿或照抄相 关广告文案去骗人,甄别起来,还真是有点困难!

真想区别开来,其实是可以找到答案的: 骗子是很好鉴别的,一是可以让您的孩子问一些高考英语中阅读和完型很具体的问题, 看他或她回答的如何?另外,骗子一般都不留自己的联络地址和电话号码,只留邮箱,QQ 号码和银行卡号,让你被骗之后无从寻找。另外,他们还会承诺,不满意,可以退回资料, 马上退款,还负责汇款手续费,让你觉得深信不已!其实,仔细想一想,资料都暴漏了, 谁拿到后都可以马上复印,若可以退的话,岂不是所有人都可以免费拿到资料了吗?

比如,2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局!他在网上贴吧和博客 上出卖的教案根本不是吴军的核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假的, 是武汉某某在沈阳吴军高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英语周报英语教师网及新浪爱问共 享资料上免费下载的,是可以免费得到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本人核心授课 教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联络,且未将款项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐号的交易与吴军 无任何关系,其后果自负!已经上当的家长,请看一下你得到的是类似如下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!

辨别有没有效,好不好使,其实方法也很简单:一要看你教的学生是不是真实的? 广告 中提分的学员是否留有学校,班级和学生真实姓名及提分幅度?这样一来,知道了班级和姓名 就很容易核实了,不符则可称为诈骗,可追究法律责任! 不敢留学生真实姓名,只是写上张某 某(或从别处粘贴了外地高考状元的照片)并随意说提了 50 分是不可信的,目的也是可想而知!
第 41 页 共 135 页

吴军英语的广告中声称的提分效果,都写明了学校班级和学生姓名及提分幅度,是可信的,也 是敢于让公众监督的! 比如,吴军英语关于提分在其官网上是这么写的:

2012 吴军高考英语成绩公告
2012 年高考已经结束,吴军老师今年承接了一对一或一对二,共计 87 位考生。其中刨 出一个最高分 136 分(本身来时就 130 分左右)及考前半个月左右才来学的 2 位考生,平均 提分 36.7,再创辉煌!其中值得一提的是,吴老师所授的一名学员英语单科成绩竟然提了 90 多分,再次刷新了吴老师 2009 年创造的提 73 分的最高记录!令人兴奋! 最高提 90 分,刷新 2009 年最高提 73 分记录! 方美乔, 鲁美附中高三 3 班(考前 2 个月内在翰林补课班上学), 考生号: 12210104130592, 考场在 50 中学,高二下学期来吴军老师处学习时,成绩最高时仅 36 分,通过在 1 年多每周一 次课的学习,2012 年高考成绩为 126 分,提分 90 多分,刷新了 2009 年吴老师创造的最高 提 73 分的记录。作为沈阳隆方房地产公司老板的女儿,家庭条件相当优越,但其从不缺乏 刻苦专研精神,最后即将以艺考 482 分的优异成绩考取鲁迅美术学院! 重点高中在职教师不行,不妨再找吴老师试试! 刘赫绅,22 中高三 9 班,考生号: 12210106150716,考场在 53 中学,通过某位重点高中参加 过高考英语出题的在职教师近 1 年的一对一补课,成绩始终徘徊在 70 分左右,但考中国民航大 学飞行员的英语小分必须达到 90 分.后来其母亲沈阳雏鹰小学马老师通过 2011 年考取一本 B 段涉外高护专业的沈阳 4 中胡兢元的母亲鼎立推荐,找到了吴军老师,此时距离 2012 年高考还 有不到 2 个半月的时间,通过每周一、三、五下午 17:30-19:00 近 30 课的学习,最终将以 2012 年高考英语 101 分的成绩如愿以偿!

短期火箭式提分有秘方! 高考前 3 个月,词汇量能达到初三下学期水平,本身有强烈的提分欲望,能刻苦专研, 没有 心理障碍的学员,基本上,或者说 2005-2012 历年 99%提分。 徐可,沈阳 4 中高三 0 班,考生号:12210106110515,考场在 15 中学, 总分 605(过理 科一本线)。2012 年高考英语为 125 分。来时 100 多分,通过短期 10 课的学习,分数提了 近 20 分; 王天池,沈阳 120 中,考生号:12210105150840,考场在省实验中学,总分 478(过理 科二本线)。2012 年高考英语为 89 分。来时接近 40 分,通过短期集中 20 多课的学习,分 数提了近 50 分; 袁小力,鲁美附中高三 1 班艺考生,考生号:12210104130667,考场在 50 中学, 总分

第 42 页 共 135 页

436。按其成绩排名基本上可以考取鲁美。通过短期集中 20 课的学习,其由来时的 30 多分, 上升到本次高考 66 分,分数翻倍,险过小分! 蒋同学,沈阳 31 中高三艺考生,考生号:12210102170004,考场在 38 中学,通过 8 次课 的集中学习,成绩由原来的 80 分左右提到 2012 年高考英语 109 分!

更多提分详细资料,请亲临咨询!对于携带记者证或预交 1 课学费者,可以全部查询相 关提分信息,并任意抽查 3-5 位同学父母的联络方式核实!也可根据其所在学校班级,二次 核实! (链接 2011 年吴军老师亲授学员成绩公告) 吴军亲授考生共 83 人参加了 2011 年高考,去掉一个最高分东北育才本部 137 分,去掉一 个艺考最低分(临时只学了 7 次课,来时 33 分,2011 年高考 61 分),平均提分 31.5 分! 2011 年沈阳高分英语家教吴军一对一亲授中考生学员共计 39 人, 分以上占 97.17%; 140 130-140 之间为 0%;120-130 之间占 2.73%,没有 120 分以下的。其中 21 人达到了 145 分 或以上,有―两匹黑马‖值得一提,他们一个是辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班的杨淇,另一 位是沈阳 7 中初三 21 班的童俊豪, 他们来吴军老师这儿学习时均为 120 分或以下, 本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩均达到了 146 分。
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------许译 鲁美附中高三 1 班,考生号:11210104130303;宁莹莹 鲁美附中高三 3 班 2011 届高三文科艺考生, 考生号:11210702130017; 黄钰乔 沈阳 27 中高三 13 班,考生号:11210105130331,2011 年高考英语分别提高 了 30-55 分不等,已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院和中央美术学院录取! 卢涵 沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130901, 李奕宣 沈阳同泽女中学

高三 3 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:112101053130422, 2011 年高考英语成绩分别提高了 30-35 分不等,已 被中国传媒大学文编专业和天津师范大学播音专业录取! 李晨晖 沈阳 2 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210103151002,总分:651 分,理科,一本线重点大学,来吴军高 分英语前 110-120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 127 分; 杨嘉睿 东北育才双语 2011 届高三 4 班考生,考生号:11210102111097,总分:559 分, 理科,预估一本线,来 吴军高分英语前 120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 130 分; 鲁菲 沈阳 120 中 7 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105110762,总分:544 分, 理科,一本线,来吴军高分 英语前 110 分,考前共学 5 课,本次高考英语成绩为 119 分。 姜萧栩 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 考号:061020116 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 145 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分;

杨淇 辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班 考号:051008906 王一乾 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 袁若琳 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号:061020406 考号:061021102

童俊豪 沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 考号:031009521

第 43 页 共 135 页

张天爱 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班

考号:061019414

2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分。

2012 吴军高考英语 3 天提分秘诀辽宁卷效果示例
一、知识点和词汇全部押对! 举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷单选的例子: 吴军老师帮您筛选的 30 多个形容词和副词,大家看一看,是不是都在下列备选项中? 22. We used to see each other A. especially , but I haven‘t head from him since last year. C. particularly D. approximately

B. regularly

有些连知识点都不用,只是通过吴军老师教你的正负 / 过程和结果解题法就所向披靡 了! 通过正负, 可知 A 和 D 可选! 再通过过程和结果, 可知 A. with pleasure 强调的是结果, 说明借过后,表示荣幸,所以不符!电话还没借呢,故只有 D 符合。 23. — I‘m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It‘s rather urgent. — Yes, . B. no burry C. it doesn‘t matter D. of course

A. with pleasure

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 25 页,Shall 用于第二、第 三人称,表示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。这儿是说根据学校规定学生在校时 都必须要穿校服。 24. One of our rules is that every student A. might B. could wear school uniform while at school. C. shall D. will

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 25 页,有宾语主动,无宾语 被动!follow 后面有宾语,with 的宾语后面可加形容词、副词、分词、不定式、名词等作 宾补,这儿 pet dog 与 follow 构成主谓关系,所以用 following. 25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog A. to follow B. following C. followed D. follows them.

2012 吴军高考英语高频答案词一本通第 108 页,Rod 喜欢拆卸钟表,然而,他从来都 不能再重新装好。所以选 B 项。另外 However 两边句子相反,看到 put…… together, 当然 相反的就是 taking apart 啦! 26. Rod loves A. taking apart clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. B. giving away C. making up D. turning off

第 44 页 共 135 页

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 6 页, 作“一个”, one “一本”, “一件”等解,用来代替上文提到过的 paper。相当于 a copy of paper. 28. If you‘re buying today‘s paper from the stand, could you get A. one B. such C. this D. that for me?

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 13 页, 把你的钥匙留给你的 邻居,以防你把自己锁在外面了。所以选 C 项。 30. Leave your key with your neighbor A. as long as B. even though you lock yourself out one day. C. in case D. as if

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-3 第 4 页,Not until 位于句首时 句子要倒装,consider having a holiday abroad 这个动作发生在 retire 之后,所以用一般过 去时。 32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago A. he had considered C. he considered B. had he considered D. did he consider having a holiday abroad.

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 26 页, 在句型 “It’s high/ very time that…”中, 从句中的谓语动词用 did 或 should do.所以选 D 项。 33. Jack is a great talker. It‘s high time that he A. will do B. has done C. do something instead of just talking. D. did

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 18 页, 名词性从句 4 个高频 答案词,介词 for 后面加的是宾语从句,且从句中 find 缺少宾语,故用 whatever,选 C。 34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and scarched for about Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever he could find

二、完形技巧+高频答案词,挑战高分! 举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷完形填空的例子来回忆一下吴军老师的完形易经,骄傲一

第 45 页 共 135 页

下自己当时精明的选择! 首尾或上下段落呼应,复现解决问题! When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much. Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He 36 her Inky. 37 38 playmates,‖Kruger,The of farm epuipment , so I

― I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats seventy-year-old man,says. ―My hearing was damaged by the learned to connect with 39. A. animals 39 . C. farmers

B. friends

D. neghbors

46

in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt

47 going into shock(休克).

He shouted for help , 48 the house. 49

his wife, Brenda , was asleep in their bedroom at the opposite end of

Kruger noticed Inky watching from the top of the stairs.

―Go get Brenda, ‖ Krugger said to Inky. Inky 50 her to the 52 to the bedroom door and scratched Brenda found her husband B. basement 53 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led

the stairs and called 911. D. house

52. A. bedroom

C yard

通过同现解决问题! 看到 rushed 后就知道很匆忙,故 50 空纠结时,通过同现校正答案,就不能误选 C 了, ran 与 rushed 同现;51 空是 C 还是 D 呢?Inky 是猫,madly 更贴切;53 空,叫 911 送医院 了,说明掉楼梯底下了。 Inky 50 her to the 52 to the bedroom door and scratched Brenda found her husband 53 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led

the stairs and called 911. Kruger was rushed

to the hospital. 50. A. walked 51. A. rapidly B. ran B. suddenly C. returned C. madly C. at the top of D. withdrew D . urgently D. in the front of

53. A. at the bottom of B. in the middle of

通过正负解决问题! ―My hearing was damaged by the with 39 38 of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect

. They react to what they see and what you do. ‖
第 46 页 共 135 页

38. A. sound

B. alarm

C. noise

D. voice

三、吴军英语阅读迅捷技巧+矩阵法则,挑战满分! 找不到主旨句或四个选项都带中心词时,看出题点,即每段首尾句和有汉语标注的地 方等,然后通过复现和同现就解决了! Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions 使命) ( often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day‘s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation ISS) ISS crewmembers usually ( . live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. They can communicate with family and friends by email, isternet phone and throhgh Private video conferenes. While astronauts cannot go to a baseball game or a movie in orbit, there are many familiar activetics that they can still enjoy. Before a mission. The family and friends of each ISS crewmember put together a collection of family photos, messages, videos and reading material for The astromauts to look at when they will be floating 370 kilometers above the Earth. During their missiom, the crew also receives care packages with CDs, books, magazines, photos and letters . And as from early 2010, the internet became available on the ISS , giving astronaouts the chance to do some ―web surfing (冲浪)‖in their personal time. Besides relaxing with these more commom entertainments, astromauts can simply enjoy the experience of living in space. Many astronauts say that one of the most relaxing things to do in space is to look out the window and stare at the universe and the Earth‘s vast land mass and oceans. 63. The passage mainly discusses how astronauts A. work for longer missions in space C. observe the Earth from space . (2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇)

B. connect with people on the Earth D. spend their free time in space

词汇 13 大解题思路使您茅塞顿开!本题仅用代入法就解决了问题! Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions 使命) ( often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day‘s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation ISS) ISS crewmembers usually ( . live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. 60. What does the word ―minic‖in Paragraph 1 probably mean?(2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇) A. Find B. Copy C. Change D. Lose

找到 minic 这个动词的宾语 way, way they do things 做事的方式, Find 发现?; Copy 模 仿?Change 改变?Lose 失去?way they do things 做事的方式,当然是模仿做事的方式喽!
第 47 页 共 135 页

A 大于 B,则选 A。 In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学). Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. 65. We can learn from Paragraph 4 that American students______。(2012 辽宁卷阅读 C 篇) A. have a great interest in studying Chinese B. take an active part in Chinese competitions C. try to get high scores in Chinese exams D. fight for a chance to learn Chinese 65 题根据题干关键字 American students 文章定位,就近原则参考点为 racing to learn Chinese. 有些同学在 A 和 D 之间纠结。如果确实区分有困难的话,可以根据―A 大于 D,则 选 A。‖原则,则选 A。

矩阵法则解题:出题点;与中心词沾边;答案特征;答题步骤;核对规则. 69. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? (2012 辽宁卷阅读 D 篇) A.The customers who cannot pay can word as volunteers instead. B.More volunteers will go to new Orleans for the hurricane cleanup. C.Many new cafes will be opened to offer free lunches in the town. D.The lunch menu has remained the same since the caféwas started.

69 题出题点在尾句,更有出题信号词 instead ;选项中 A 是前后矛盾的句子,符合答案特征; 选项 A 中含有的 volunteers 是文章反复出现的中心词,所以答案就可以选 A 了.

第 48 页 共 135 页

四、洞穿 7 选 5 秘诀, 吴军高考英语运筹帷幄! 答题步骤:首句定位;排比;逻辑关系;指代+同现或复现;连接词+同现或复现;先易后难,缩 小范围,从而高分突破! How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2.Start a conversation Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 72 You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. 73 Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4.Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5.Enjoy your friendship The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.
71 空发现复现词 friend,根据吴军高考英语 7 选 5 法则转折关系(形容词或副词相反,转折),选 E; 据吴军 7 选 5 法则同现原则, spoken to 与 conversation 关联,所以选 C; 项中有与原文中的复现词 together,所以选 B; 72 空根

73 空看到每段都是祁使句,而只有 B

74 空就近原则指代一致 you,复现一致 your friend,所以选 G;

第 49 页 共 135 页

75 空后面有 them,说明前面有复数名词,再加上否定句结构排比 Try not to,所以 75 空选 D.

五、改错探秘, 吴军教案看 7 遍,错点全部找到!

Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's had of

friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible Unfortunately accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In as miles

the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park until here,Gina nearly got knocked over as ∧car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They there a We

finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.

请购买 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案(增购 7 选 5 和改错版)的顾客仔细核对:
1. 第 1 句 have→had, 参考吴军改错教案一 23 页,由后面的 was 可知,这儿应该用过去时态。 2. 第 2 句 for→of, 参考吴军改错教案二 3 页押中原题,It‘s kind of you 为固定用法。 3. 第 3 句 Unfortunate→Unfortunately, 参考吴军改错教案一 18 页押中原题,用副词作状语。 4. 第 4 句 for→as, 考吴军改错教案二 2 页,as a result 固定搭配。 5. 第 4 句 mile→miles, 参考吴军改错教案一 4-5 页,mile 是可数名词,并且前面是 six. 6. 第 5 句 unless→until, 考吴军改错教案二 4-5 页,这儿后面一句是一个时间状语从句,意思是我们一直等 到路通了。 7. 第 6 句 here→there, 参考吴军改错教案一 16-19 页,叙述的是别的地方发生的事,所以用 there. 8. 第 6 句 car 前加 a, 参考吴军改错教案一 1 页,car 不是特指,并且是可数名词,所以前面要加 a. 9. 第 7 句 they→we, 参考吴军改错教案一 9 页押中原题,叙述的是我们做的事,所以用 we. 10. 第 7 句去掉 to, 参考吴军改错教案二 2 页押中原题,make one‘s way home 中 home 为副词,所以前面不 用介词 to。

第 50 页 共 135 页

2013 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术! 版权所有,侵权必究! 同行抄袭可耻,转载注明出处!

沈阳吴军高分英语家教
地址:铁西区启工街地铁口旁第一城 A 组团 3 号一层 网址: www.sypeterwu.com 电话:

2012 高考英语翻盘逆转押题预测
必考点知识清单
主讲人:吴军

第一部分:单项选择
定语从句出题思路预测
先行词 n./pron ---被定语从句修饰的,根据先行词选择连接词 物:which/that//whose 人:who/whom/that/whose

当先行词与连接词后面的名词 n 存在所属关系时(…的) 〖2012 定从预测 1〗My friend showed me round the town, A. which B. that C. where

was very kind of him. D. it

〖2012 定从预测 2〗The road conditions there turned out to be very good, ______was more than we could expect.? A.it B.what C.which D.that 〖2012 定从预测 3〗I‘ve become good friends with several of the students in my school ____I met in the English speech contest last year. A. who B. where C. when D. which left their

〖2012 定从预测 4〗The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of village homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those

〖2012 定从预测 5〗A person ______ e-mail account is full won‘t be able to send or receive any e-mails. A. who B. whom C. whose D. whoever 〖2012 定从预测 6〗 china, the number of cities is increasing ______development is recognized In across the world. A. where B. which C. whose D. that effects 〖2012 定从预测 7〗Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from the people are still suffering.
第 51 页 共 135 页

A.that

B.whose

C.those

D.what

as 与 which 均可替代整个主句 在非限制性定语从句中,均可替代整个主句. 如从句在主句之后,两者皆可用;如从 句在主句之前,用 as。 介词/逗号后, 永远不用 that! They failed in the exam,as/which is natural. As is known to all,the earth moves around the sun. He passed the College Entrance Examination, A. as B. which C. that D. it made his parents very happy.

〖2012 定从预测 8〗_____is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What

比较:___is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. 〖2012 定从预测 9〗Jim passed the driving test, A.which B.that C.this surprised everybody in the office.? D.it

〖2012 定从预测 10〗____ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. That D. What

〖2012 定从预测 11〗Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others, ______, of course, made the others envy him. A. who B. that C. what D. which

〖2012 定从预测 12〗____ has been announced, we shall have our final exams next month. A. That B. As C. It D. What

地点:where/which /that 〖2012 定从预测 13〗The Science Museum, one of London‘s tourist attractions. A.which B.what

时间:when/which/that we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is

C.that

D.where

〖2012 定从预测 14〗I can think of many cases _____ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn‘t write a good essay. A. why B. which C. as D. where .I have the time to spend a day with my kids. C.why D.when

〖2012 定从预测 15〗 Occasions are quite rare A.who B.which

〖2012 定从预测 16〗We are living in an age ______ many things are done on computer. A. which B. that C. whose D. when

〖2012 定从预测 17〗The film brought the hours back to me_______I was taken good care of in that far-away village.
第 52 页 共 135 页

A. until

B. that

C. when

D. where

怎么确定关系代词前用什么介词? (1)定语从句中动词和什么介词搭配 Gun control is a subject _____ Americans have argued for a long time. (about which--- argue about sth) There is no one _____ she can turn when in trouble (to whom----turn to sb for help) (2)先行词常和什么介词搭配。 The reason _________ he was late was that he got up late. (for which----- the reason for) 〖2012 定从预测 18〗 Wind power is an ancient source of energy future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which we may return in the near

〖2012 定从预测 19〗Gun control is a subject A. of which B. with which

Americans have argued for a long time. C. about which D. into which

〖2012 定从预测 20〗For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, New York is an example. A.for which B.in which C.of which D.from which 〖2012 定从预测 21〗 nine o‘clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount By Qomolangma, A.of which appeared a rare rainbow soon. B.on which C.from which D.above which

易错点:插入语和定语干扰! 〖2012 定从预测 22〗She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction taken more than three years. A.for which B.with which C.of which D.to which had

〖2012 定从预测 23〗 newly built café the walls of_______ are painted light green, is really a The , peaceful place for us, specially after hard work. A. that B. it C. what D. which , of

〖2012 定从预测 24〗Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, course, made all the others upset. A. who B. which C. what D. that

〖2012 定从预测 25〗She brought with her three friends, none of A. them B. who C. whom
第 53 页 共 135 页

I had ever met before. D. these

〖2012 定从预测 26〗Last week, only two people came to look at the house, A.none of them B.both of them? C.none of whom

wanted to buy it.

D.neither of whom

定语从句真题练习 〖2009 辽宁〗They‘ve won their last three matches, ________I find a bit surprising A. that B. when C. what D. which he found a job in a big 〖2007 辽宁〗Eric received training in computer for one year, company.? A.after that \B.after which? C.after it D.after this Chinese in the school,

〖2006 辽宁〗I was told that there were about 50 foreign students most were from Germany.? B.study;of them? C.studying;of them

A.study;of whom

D.studying;of whom

〖2004 辽宁〗The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% ______ are sold abroad. A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that

DBDA

名词性从句出题思路预测
区别什么从句应看主句,主句不完整时从句肯定是名词性从句。主句完整时,从句可 能是定语从句,状语从句,或者同位语从句。 I have forgotten ∧where we went yesterday. Where we went yesterday∧ is covered with all kinds of flowers. Oh! This is ∧where we came yesterday. This is the place where we came yesterday. Here, he made the promise that he would come here 10 years later. I will make a mark where he made the promise. where unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. 需要用什么引导词看从句。 名词性从句中缺什么意思用什么意思的引导词; 缺名词性成 份时,指人用 who/whom,指物用 what; 不缺意思和成份时用 that。That 只有在宾语从句 中可以省略。 〖2011 江西卷〗The villagers have already known A.this B.that C.what we‘ll do is to rebuild the bridge. D.which we do and who we are if we want

〖2011 四川卷〗 teachers always tell us to believe in Our to succeed.
第 54 页 共 135 页

A. why

B. how

C. what

D. which I‘d do if I had the money. D.what

〖2011 陕西卷〗I‘d like to start my own business –that‘s A.why B.when C.which 易错点:插入语干扰!

〖2012 名词性从句预测 1〗The companies are working together to create will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. A. which B. that C. what D. who

they hope

〖2012 名词性从句预测 2〗 A.It B.This

was most important to her, she told me, was her family. C.What D.As he thought was not

〖2012 名词性从句预测 3〗The shopkeeper did not want to sell for enough. A.where B.how? C.what D.which

[1] In my eyes, _______ is known to all _____ Chinese economy has taken off. [2] ______ is known to all, Chinese economy has taken off. [3] I took some medicine for the bad cold, but _____ didn’t help. [4] I took some medicine for the bad cold, ______ didn’t help. [5] I find ______ is a pity that he failed in the driving test. A. which B. that C. it D. As

〖2012 名词性从句预测 4〗 place in L. A.It B.What

is known to us all is that the 2014 Olympic Games will take

C.As

D.Which

Whether 是解! 不充当从句的任何成分,表示“是否”表明从句内容的不确定性。不可以省略。 通常,引导主语从句、表语从句和引导同位语从句时,要用连词 whether,不用 if;习 惯上也只能说 whether or not,而不说 if …or not。 ____ the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That

试题中的从句位于句首,不难知道这是一个主语从句,所以答案是 C。但是在宾语从句 中表达―是否‖既可用 if 也可用 whether。

主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句,只能用 whether 引导,不能用 if . 主语从句 Whether it is true remains a problem. 这件事是否真实还是个问题。
第 55 页 共 135 页

表语从句 What the doctors really doubt is whether my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.医生真正怀疑的是我母亲能否很快从重病中恢复过来。 同位语从句 I am in doubt whether I should agree to the plan. 〖2012 名词性从句预测 5〗We‘ve offered her the job, but I don‘t know______ she‘ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which

〖2012 名词性从句预测 6〗Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and it is rough or smooth. A./ B.whether? C.how D.what

〖2012 名词性从句预测 7〗What the doctors really doubt is _____my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. why

名词性从句真题练习 〖2006 辽宁〗 A.What makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. B.Who C.Whatever D.Whoever A

状语从句出题思路预测
转折关系:but,however,Altough,Though,什么时候选?

〖2011 四川卷〗Frank insisted that he was not asleep up. A. whether B. although C. for

I had great difficulty in waking him

D. so

〖2009 湖南〗 ______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. A. Although B. As long as C. If only D. As soon as their education that

〖2007 全国Ⅰ〗Between the two generations, it is often not their age, causes misunderstanding. A.like B.as C.or D.but

〖2007 湖南〗Reality is not the way you wish things to be, nor the way they appear to be, _______ the way they actually are.
第 56 页 共 135 页

A.as

B.or

C.but

D.and

〖2012 状从预测 1〗Excuse me for breaking in, _______ I have some news for you. A.so B.and C.but D. yet

[1] It was in this city ______ he was born. [2] It was this city ______ he was born. [3] It was in 1989 ______ he was born. [4] It was three days _____ he was born. [5] It is three days _____ he was born. A. where B. which C. that D. before E.since

〖2010?陕西〗John thinks it won‘t be long A. when B. after

he is ready for his new job. C. before D. since Brian

〖2008 北京〗I‘m sorry you‘ve been waiting so long, but it‘ll still be some time ___ gets back. A. before B. since C. till D. after 〖2011 四川卷〗 As it reported, it is 100 years A. when B. before C. after

Qinghua University was founded. D. since

〖2012 状从预测 2〗 field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long The time A.after we meet them again. B.before C.since D.when he could

〖2012 状从预测 3〗He was told that it would be at least three more months recover and return to work.? A.when B.before C.since D.that 〖2012 状从预测 4〗That was really a splendid evening. It‘s years much.? A.when B.that ? C.before D.since

I enjoyed myself so

but,however, although didn’t never Unless/if ...not Without 接名词,主句有 would 或 could until so, therefore, as a result, accordingly because, since, as, for
前后两句一肯一否,除了转折关系,2009-2011 年考的更多的是因果关系,until 和 unless.
第 57 页 共 135 页

However 和 instead 同时出现在选项中时,容易选 instead ;However 和 otherwise 同时出 现在选项中时容易选 otherwise;but 和 so 同时出现在选项中时容易选 so(therefore) ; but 和 because 同时出现在选项中时容易选 because(as,since),具体结合语境。 〖2008 北京〗—Did you return Fred‘s call? —I didn‘t need to ____ I‘ll see him tomorrow. A. though B. unless C. when D. because his eyesight was beginning to fail. D.or

〖2006 北京〗 found it increasingly difficult to read, He A.and B.for C.but

〖2007 天津〗It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life______we‘ve actually had that lesson.? A.until B.after C.since D.when 〖2006 广东〗 ―You can‘t have this football back_____you promise not to kick it at my cat again.‖ the old man said firmly. A.because 〖2010 上海〗 member. A. Until B. Unless C. If D. After 〖2010 全国Ⅰ〗The little boy won‘t go to sleep ______ his mother tells him a story. A. or B. unless C. but D. whether B.since C.when D.until our manager objects to Tom‘s joining the club, we shall accept him as a

so that(宾语从句后面有 can)是解! 〖2005 北京〗I‘d like to arrive 20 minutes early A.as soon as B.as a result? C.in case I can have time for a cup of tea. D.so that

〖2004 全国 I〗Roses need special care ______ they can live through winter. A. because B. so that C. even if D. as 〖2003 安徽春〗 Sally worked late in the evening to finish her report ______ her boss could read it first thing next morning. A. so that B. because C. before D. or else 〖2002 NMET〗John shut everybody out of the kitchen _________ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if

in case (万一, 以防)是解! 〖2011 山东卷〗He had his camera ready_____ he saw something that would make a good picture. A. even if B. if only C. in case D. so that

第 58 页 共 135 页

〖2010 浙江〗I guess we‘ve already talked about this before but I‘ll ask you again just A.by nature B.in return C.in case D.by chance you lock yourself out one day.? D.in case

.

〖2007 北京〗Leave your key with a neighbor A.ever since B.even if ? C.soon after While ◆主句从句主语不同,表示―而?‖

I do every single bit of housework __ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. A. since B. while C. when ◆While 置于句首可表示 As long as 或 Although While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. much time on it. A. If 〖2011 四川卷〗 A. Since B. While C. Because D. As D. as

(2008 湖南)______ the Internet is of great help, I don‘t think it‘s a good idea to spend too

volleyball is her main focus, she‘s also great at basketball. B. Once C. Unless D. While

〖2010 全国Ⅰ〗Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal . A. so that 〖2008 湖南〗 time on it.? A.If B.While C.Because D.As men work at home and B. although C. while D. as if

the Internet is of great help, I don‘t think it‘s a good idea to spend too much

〖2008 四川〗In some places women are expected to earn money raise their children.? A.but B.while C.because D.though

where 〖2010 重庆〗Today, we will begin _____we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. A. when 〖2009 江苏〗 the former. A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until B. where C. how D. what

__ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to

〖2009 山东〗 little girl who got lost decided to remain _____she was and wait for her mother. The A.where B.what C.how D.who

〖2004 全国 III〗There were dirty marks on her trousers ____ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that

第 59 页 共 135 页

as long as 〖2010 江西〗— Our holiday cost a lot of money. — Did it? Well, that doesn‘t matter______ you enjoyed yourselves. A as long as B unless C as soon as However \ Whatever However 接形容词或副词! However (=No matter how) expensive it may be, I’ll take it.无论它有多贵,我也要买下 它。 _______, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. A. However the study is amusing C. However amusing the story is Whatever 接名词或从句谓语动词少宾语! Whatever (=No matter what) I say or how I say it, he always thinks I’m wrong. 无论我说什么或怎么说,他总认为是我错。 The old tower must be saved, A.however 〖2010 上海〗 B.whatever the cost. C.whichever D.wherever B. No matter amusing the story is D. No matter how the story is amusing D though

you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem

A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem

〖2008 全国Ⅰ〗The lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit______the season.? A.whatever B.wherever ? C.whenever D.however

什么情况下 When 是答案? ◆be about to do…. When … = be on the point of doing … when… ◆Was/were doing … when… It was raining when we arrived.(指时间点) 〖2004 上海〗Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion. A. when B. while C. since D. once

When we were at school, we went to the library every day.(在一段时间内) 〖2007 北京〗—Where‘s that report?? —I brought it to you A.if B.when you were in Mr. Black‘s office yesterday.? C.because
第 60 页 共 135 页

D.before

◆Had just done… when… hardly / scarcely … when…和 no sooner … than … 〖2009 福建〗She had just finished her homework playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since ◆受思维定势看到 so 容易错选 that,符合逻辑应该是 when! 〖2009 重庆〗Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. A. where B. that ks5u C. why D. when she visited her friends in Sydney last year. D.where her mother asked her to practice

〖2008 福建〗Nancy enjoyed herself so much A.that B.which C.when

〖2010 四川〗Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break to her office. A. since B. that C. when D. until

she got

〖2009 福建〗She had just finished her homework playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after

her mother asked her to practice

D. since

〖2007 北京〗—Where‘s that report?? —I brought it to you A.if B.when you were in Mr. Black‘s office yesterday.? C.because D.before

〖2006 湖南〗I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busy drying myself with a towel I heard the steps.? A.while B.when C.since D.after

〖2004 上海〗Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park _____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion. A. when B. while C. since D. once

状语从句真题练习 〖2010 辽宁〗The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair_ his wife. A.although B.unless C.because D.if _he wanted to sit next to

〖2008 辽宁〗______hungry I am. A.Whatever B.Whenever

I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread.? C.Wherever D.However

〖2008 辽宁〗I used to love that film

I was a child, but I don‘t feel it that way any more.?

第 61 页 共 135 页

A.once

B.when

C.since

D.although

〖2007 辽宁〗We had to wait half an hour A.since B.although

we had already booked a table.? C.until D.before a familiar voice came to his ears.? D.while
CDBBC

〖2006 辽宁〗He was about halfway through his meal A.why B.where C.when

非谓语出题思路预测
有宾语主动,无宾语被动 He seats himself at the back of the classroom.(做谓语) Seating himself at the back of the classroom, he can‘t see the words on the blackboard clearly.(做状语) He is seated at the back of the classroom. (做谓语) Seated at the back of the classroom, he can‘t see the words on the blackboard clearly. (做状语) Dressed (dress) in a new beautiful dress, she feels more confident. Compared to /with cars, bicycles have some advantages. Judging from his expression / look on his face, he is far from satisfactory. Seen from space, the earth looks blue. Tasting good, the food was soon sold out. 【2011 重庆卷】Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself of his own dreams. A. reminding B. to remind C. reminded D. remind 【2011 陕西卷】Claire had her luggage A.check B.checking

an hour before her plane left. C.to check D.checked it much easier for people to

【2011 陕西卷】More highways have been built in China,_ travel form one place to another. A. making B. made C. to make

D. having made nothing about the argument. D. saying

【2011 全国卷 II】Sarah pretended to be cheerful,_ A. says 【2011 天津卷】 order. A. Translating B. Translated B. said C. to say

into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word

C. To translate

D. Having translated newly

【2011 上海春招】Mike found his missing car in the street outside his house, cleaned and polished. A. looked B. to look C. looking
第 62 页 共 135 页

D. to be looking

【2011 上海春招】 fun park. A. Opened

in 1955, Disneyland in California is regarded by many as the riginal

B. Having opened

C. Opening

D. Being opened

【2011 全国卷 II】The island, A. joining B. to join

to the mainland by a bridge, is easy to go to. C. joined D. having joined

【2011 湖南卷】The players this summer game . A selecting B to selece

from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in

C selected

D having selected she had a fall, Mr. Gorden

【2011 江西卷】On receiving a phone call from his wife immediately rushed home from his office. A. says B.said C.saying

D.to say a life span of around 20

【2011 浙江卷】Bats are surprsingly long-lived creatures, some years. A.having B had C. have

D. to have

不及物动词做状语只有 working 和 to work 两种形式,相当于及物动词后面有了宾语 doing sth/to do sth. 没有 worked 形式! 【2011 全国卷】The next thing he saw was smoke A.rose B.rising C. to rise from behind the house. D.risen

〖2010 安徽〗He had a wonderful childhood, _____with his mother to all corners of the world A. travel 〖2010 湖南〗Dina, local advertising agency. A. struggling B. struggled C. having struggled D. to struggle B. to travel C. traveled D. traveling

for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a

have sth to do the only (best,first 等)way to do be done to do sth 【2011 重庆卷】 More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced people‘s concern over food safety. A.to raise B.raising C.to have raised D. having raised

【2011 天津卷】 Passeagers are permitted A.to carry B. carrying

only one piece of hand luggage onto the plane. C. to be carried D. being carried the overuse of water in students‘

〖2010 上海〗Thai is the only way we can imagine

第 63 页 共 135 页

bathrooms. A. reducing B. to reduce —Agreed! A. arrived B. arrives C. to arrive D. arriving C. reduced D. reduce

〖2007 全国 I〗—The last one _________ pays the meal.

接双宾动词少一个宾语即被动 done 做状语! 【2011 四川卷】 A.Offer an important role in a new movie, Andy has a chance to become famous. B.Offering C.Offered D.To offer

〖2009 江西〗 _____ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given

〖2005 福建〗When_______ help, one often says―Thank you. ‖ or ― It‘ s kind of you. ‖ A.offering B.to offer C.to be offered D.offered

〖2003 北京〗____ time,he‘ll make a first-class tennis player. A .Having given B.To give C. Giving D. Given

非谓语真题练习 【2011 辽宁卷】 A. Gather around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people. B. To gather C. Gathering D. To be gathering

〖2010 辽宁〗Alexander tried to get his work _______in the medical circles. A. to recognize B. recognizing C. recognize D. recognized

〖2009 辽宁〗______, you need to give all you have and try your best. A Being a winner B To be a winner C Be a winner D Having been a winner

〖2008 辽宁〗He was busy writing a story, only A.to stop B.stopping?

once in a while to smoke a cigarette. D.having stopped

C.to have stopped

〖2007 辽宁〗You can‘t imagine what difficulty we had ______ home in the snowstorm. A. walked B. walk C. to walk D. walking

〖2007 辽宁〗The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported ______ the world record in the 110-meter hurdle race. A. breaking 〖2004 辽宁〗 B. having broken C. to have broken D. break

by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another
第 64 页 共 135 页

two days on the farm.? A.Attracting B.Attracted ? C.To be attracted D.Having attracted.

CDBBDCB

情态动词
can be must be may/might be 可表示―有时候会‖, 猜测时, can/could 用于疑问句和否定句; 只用于肯定句/表示很有把握的猜测/翻译成―肯定/一定‖; 用于肯定句/表示没有把握的猜测/翻译成―可能也许‖.

〖2011 湖南卷〗No one ________ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball. A. can B. need C. must D. might be rather cold sometimes.

〖2008 福建〗It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it A.must B.can C.should D.would

〖2009 安徽〗 Some people who don‘t like to talk much are not necessarily shy; they be quiet people. A. must B. may C. should D. would

just

〖2008 四川〗Although this A.must B.may

sound like a simple task, great care is needed.? C.shall D.should

〖2005 浙江〗The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it be very slow.? A.should B.must C.will D.can be under adnlt‘s supervision 〖2004 上海〗Children under 12 years of age in that country when in a public library.? A. must B.may C.can D.need

第 65 页 共 135 页

must 可表示―硬要,偏偏‖。 ---How old are you, madam? ----If you must know, I‘m twice my son‘s age. shall 可用于一、三人称疑问句表示征求对方的意见或向对方请示。 ---Shall he come to see you? ---I‘d rather he didn‘t. 也可用于二、三人称陈述句中表示命令、警告、允诺、威胁或法规。 --- What does the sign over here read? --- No person shall smoke or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar or pipe in this area. should 可表示―按理说应该‖。 ---When can I call for my TV set? ----It should be ready this afternoon. 也可表示说话人对某事感到意外、惊异、不能理解等,译作―竟然;居然‖。 You can‘t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman should be so rude to a lady.

2012 完形高分策略(Skills of Cloze Tests) (课时 1-5)
一、高考完形填空命题趋势 选材特点: 以记叙文为主, 多以记叙文和夹叙夹意为主 命题特点: (1) 设空特点: 名词\ 动词(5-8 个)为主
(2) 考点层次分三部:

里边层次:(语篇层次 30%以上)体现了突出语篇的命题思路 句子层次:(占 70%左右) 单词层次:(只须读懂单词所在句子就能做,分数较少)
(3)考查重点: 短文第一句不设问.

第 66 页 共 135 页

高考完形填空题型特点 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 以叙为主, 叙议结合; 篇章短小, 意义完整; 首句完整, 主题明确; 结构清晰, 层次分明; 考查语境, 侧重辨析; 实词为主, 虚词为辅; 逻辑推理, 隐于语篇; 常识语法, 每年出现。

完型填空 之能力训练目标:
1.词语辨析能力 2.语法结构分析能力 3.语篇理解能力 4.逻辑推理能力 5.文化背景透析能力 6.作者意图剖析能力 8.生活常识综合运用能力

二、考生易失分之处: 1、忽视行文逻辑,断章取义,就题论题。 2、脱离语境,滥用固定搭配。 3、缺乏必要的生活常识和不了解中西文化的差异。

做题三忌:
? 急于求成,未通读全文便忙于答题,不了解文意,无整体概念边读边填, 两眼忙于空白与选项之间,欲速则不达。 ? 只抠字眼,语法,不顾文意,抓不住关键。 ? 断章取义,就题论题,不管前后联系,互不照应,前后矛盾。

三、做题三步法方法:

第 67 页 共 135 页

四、巧解完形填空——高分技巧 1、研究首尾——找主题 2、上下联系——寻信息 3、左顾右盼——找搭配 4、思前想后——觅逻辑 5、语境分析——辨词义 6、集中精力——破难题 7、回读检查——补漏洞 九大方法巧解完形
第 68 页 共 135 页

1、提高阅读能力(速度、理解) 2、打好语法基础 (固定搭配) 3、扩充词汇量(动词、名词) 4、增长生活常识,培养广泛的兴趣爱好 5、多做多练,以提高实战能力 How to get high scores? 1. 正确的答题步骤 2. 必要的答题技巧 3. 适量的实践训练

一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择 I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was 14 he said, ―You‘re never going to be 37(anything) A. bright 36 and when I was

but a failure. ‖ D. hopeful

B. useless

C. simple

二、根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题 Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was criticized us, but used 38 37. A. strict 38. A. help Practice: His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often lose weight. 43. A. cared 44. A. clean B. forgot B. straight C. quarreled 43 about that, Ed refused to buy a 44 T-shirt or to to bring out our best. 37 . He never

B. honest B. peace

C. special
C. smile

D. learned

D. praise

D. joked
D. darker

C. larger

三、利用语篇标志解题 (三找) 常见的标志性的词语有以下几种:结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly;逻辑关 系: thus, therefore, so; 递进关系: besides, what‘s more, further;转折关系: while, but, however, on the other hand 等。 She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n) 41 vacation, but was heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed. A. disappointing

B. wonderful

C. uncomfortable D. important

1、找逻辑关系题(转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、 递进) 2、找 NOT 题(在原文中找 not)

第 69 页 共 135 页

句式结构:前面肯定后面否定、前面否定后面肯定,则选对立关系的词。 考点:(以下条件缺一不可) ①考查的是一个肯定句和否定句之间的逻辑关系,空前后必须是独立的句子; ②出题位置在两个句子之间或第二个句子的开头, 不能处在一个句子的末尾或 中间; ③选项中必须要有对立关系的词。 3、找 AND 题(在原文中找 and) 考点: ①and 前后选同义词,词性一致; ②and 前后选同一范围词; ③and 前后句子对应成分相同; ④在文章中,并列关系词前后如果出题,利用已知关系解题。 3、找同现复现原则
Liumei is among the __22__ ones. The Chinese University of Hong Kong granted (答应给)Liu a full scholarship --- HK$500,000. Not all students are so

fortunate.
22. A. poor B. smart C. lucky D. silent Friendship is one of the permanent themes in the literature of all language. ? Some of us like __2__ friends friends. Personally I prefer both. Having 2. A. true

while others like different

similar

friends has many advantages. ? C. same D. similar

B. right

四、根据逻辑推理解题 …and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a
第 70 页 共 135 页

very strange___quite pleasant taste. A. besides

B. but

C. and

D. or

五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择 The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. 36(Owning) springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37 areas like the desert.

A.dry

B.distant

C.deserted

D.wild

六、从语法角度来解题 I went into a café and asked for a coffee . 21 I was waiting for my drink, I

realized that there were other people in the place , but I sensed 22 (loneliness). A.Before B.Since C.Although

D.While

Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then 23. A. wished 23 later you had kept your mouth shut? B. hoped C. blamed D. shared

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句 had kept 是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。 七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题 1) He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming__1_.So he shouldn‘t have gone into that place. 1.A.after all B. in all

C.at all

D. for all

八、从词语辨析的角度来解题 When, two weeks later, I 38 in Nigerian society. I should A. ran after this same boy, I was more aware of my position this country as the son of a minister. C. ran over D. ran to

9(enjoy)

B. ran into

九、同义近义复现来解题 I believe that a mixture of friends is equally advantageous. One can ___7___
第 71 页 共 135 页

from various sorts of friends in three

aspects. First, frequent contacts with

different friends broaden my world outlooks. Just as various kinds of nutriments
keep you healthy, making a __8__ of friends keep you lively. …

Secondly,

I have

found that different friends can not only lead to new adventures but also show me new avenues to success in life. … 7. A. obtain 8. A. range B. benefit B. series C. suffer C. quantity D. earn D. variety

完型填空实战四招: 抓首——抓住首句,预测全文。
完形填空所选短文多没有标题,但一般首句是一个不设空(或较简单)的完整的句子,往 往用以点明短文的体裁,如议论、说明或叙述等。因此,我们在解题时一定要注意以首句的时 态、语态及表述方式为立足点来进行逻辑思维,判断文章体裁,找出文章中心。

捕眼——捕捉题眼,寻找契机
所谓―题眼‖,就是指那些在短文中起重要作用的关键词以及能够帮助我们解决问题问 题的特定的语境。捕捉题眼,就是要迅速找到语篇中的特殊的内在联系——那些表示因果、 递进、转折、指代等意义的连接词及动词、形容词、副词、同位语等,还有那些明确具体的 事实(如时间、地点、人物、形状、色彩、顺序),以及它们之间的关系等。

跳身——避难就易,节省时间
在解题过程中,我们应该遵循―先易后难‖的原则,遇到少数疑难问题时不可徘徊不前。 为 了不影响做题速度,我们可以暂时跳过难点,去解决那些靠上下文能确定的、比较直接具体的 问题。或许在上文中难以判断的题在下文中就有暗示或明确的表示,或许一个在前面不能解 的题在填出了另一空后会令你豁然开朗。一般说来,固定词组、习惯搭配、常见句型及明显 的语法结构等易于判断。

扫尾——复读全文,解决残敌
到了这时,借助已经补全的空白,我们应该对全文有了更清楚的理解,可以集中解决所遗 留的少数疑难问题,如采用排除法逐步缩小包围圈等方法。对于实在无从下手的个别题目,我 们则完全可以凭语感来确定: 把几个选项逐一放在空格内念两遍,哪个念起来顺口、舒服就选哪个。注意:凭语感选
第 72 页 共 135 页

定的答案不要轻易改动,因为最初的感觉很可能是正确的。 在各空都已填出后,再复读全文。 我们必须重视这最后的弥补疏漏,改正错误的扫尾机会, 以争取最好成绩。

真题实战演练
(2011?全国新课标卷)完形填空( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 ) In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory__36__(同义复现)course about 20 years ago.(记叙文,回忆、人物、时间、事件 education) The professor __37__the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans (豆) and invited the students to _38_ , (同义复现) how many beans the jar contained. After __39__shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __40__ answer, 与前面 wrong 相对应) went on ( and saying, ‖You have just __41__an important lesson about science. That is: Never__42__ your own senses.‖ Twenty years later, the __43__(上文提到的人物)could guess what the professor had in mind. He __44__himself, perhaps,as inviting his students to start an exciting __45__(概括的是答案)into an unknown world invisible(无形的)to the 46 ,which can be discovered only through scientific 47 .But the 48 the invitation. She

seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or 顺接关系) even was just 49

to understand the world. And she 50 that her firsthand experience

could be the 51 .The professor, however, 与小女孩的观点相反的 said that it was 52(与 51 相对).he was taking away her only 53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. ―I remember feeling small and 54 ,‖(找 and)the women says,

第 73 页 共 135 页

―and I did the only thing I could do. I 55 the course that afternoon, and I haven‘t gone near science since.‖(找否定词) 36.A. art 37.A. searched fo 38.A. count 39.A. warning 40.A. ready 41.A. learned 42.A. lose 43.A. lecturer 44.A. described 45.A. voyage 46. A. professor 47. A. model 48. A. hear 49. A. suggesting 50. A. believed 51. A. growth 52. A. firm 53. A. task 54. A. cruel 55. A. dropped B. history B. looked at B. guess B. giving B. possible B. prepared B. trust B. scientist B. respected B. movement B. eye B. senses B. make B. beginning B. doubted B. strength B. interesting B. tool B. proud B. started C. science C. got through C. report C. turning away C. correct C. taught C. sharpen C. speaker C. saw C. change C. knowledge C. spirit C. present C. pretending C. proved C. faith C. wrong C. success C. frightened C. passed D. math D. marched into D. watch D. listening to D. difficult D. taken D. show D. woman D. served D. rush D. light D. methods D. refuse D. waiting D. explained D. truth D. acceptable D. connection D. brave D. missed

第 74 页 共 135 页

【要点综述】本文是记叙文。二十年前,在第一节理科实验课上,一位教授做了一个实验, 这个实验告诉学生们,不要相信自己的判断。正是这个实验让一位妇女以后远离了理科。 36. C 联系下文 an important lesson about science 我们知道,这是一节理科实验课。 37. D 从空后的 placed upon his desk a large jar filled with…我们可以知道,老师走进了教室。 38. B 联系空后的 how many beans the jar contained 我们可以知道,教授让学生们猜一下,这 个坛子能装多少豆子。 39. D 联系空后的 shouts of wildly wrong guesses 我们知道,学生们喊出了各种错误的推测, 教授听了他们喊出的答案。 40. C 联系空前的 announced 和空后的 answer 我们知道,教授向学生们公布了正确答案。 41. A 联系空后的 an important lesson about science 我们知道,教授认为他们学到了一堂非常 重要的理科课程。 42. B 学生们的推测都是错误的,因此教授说,“不要相信你们的意识。” 43. D 联系下文 But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept…我们知道,这个妇女能够推 测教授心里是怎么想的。 44. C 前文有提示:The professor 37 (marched into) the lecture hall,由此我们可以得出答案。 45. A 联系空后的 into the unknown world 我们知道, 教授的目的是带学生们进行一次激动人 心的知识旅行。 46. B 联系后文 which can be discovered only through scientific 47 (method)我们知道,这个世 界是眼睛看不到的,只有通过科学方法才可以看到。 47. D 联系前文的 invisible to the eye 我们知道,这个世界只有通过科学的方法才可以看到。 48. A 联系空前的 could not accept 我们知道,她不能接受,甚至听到这个邀请。or 在这里表 达前后为顺接关系,因此其他选项可以排除。 49. B 联系前文的 the seventeen-year-old girl 我们可以推断,这个小女孩年龄很小,只是刚刚 开始认识这个世界。 50. A 空后的 her firsthand experience could be the 51 (truth)是她的认识,因此我们选 believed。 51. D 联系前文我们知道,教授想告诉学生的是第一手经验并不一定是事情的真相,我们要 通过科学实验来验证真相,但是小女孩的想法与之相反。 52. C 联系前文我们可以知道,教授认为小女孩认识世界的方式是错误的。 53. B 显然空前提到的 her first-hand experience 就是她认识世界的工具。 54. C 联系下文的 haven‘t gone near science since 我们知道,她对理科产生了恐惧。 55. A 联系空后的 haven‘t gone near science since 我们知道,那天下午她就放弃了理科。D 有 一定干扰性,miss 意思是“错过”,因此可以排除。

高考英语完型填空实战演练二

( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 )

Sometimes people call each other ―scared-cat‖, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn‘t 16 this, its body is getting ready for action. 17

If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will
第 75 页 共 135 页

itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 18 , when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, 19 changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our

our bodies also go through many

muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves Human beings, 21 20 run.

, have a problem that animals never face. If we give way 22 , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said

to our feelings and let them

something in anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn‘t always freely. Does this mean that it‘s smarter always to 26 25 our feelings? No! If you 24 23

to express your feelings

feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your 27 . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be 28 for

body stays your health.

Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don‘t just

29

. It‘s like you

bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but 30 you‘d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you‘d 31

little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. They‘d be rotten. You can try to treat emotions can 35 33 32 they were bananas in the cupboard. You 34 . And at last you‘ll have to

they don‘t exist, but they‘ll still be

them. Just like those bananas. 16. A. mind 17. A. save 18. A. Truly 19. A. chemical 20. A. and 21. A. therefore 22. A. take off B. admit B. help B. Frequently B. physical B. or B. but B. take on C. realize C. defend C. Similarly C. health C. but C. besides C. take over D. remember D. hide D. Differently D. ill D. yet D. however D. take up

第 76 页 共 135 页

23. A. wished 24. A. useful 25. A. handle 26. A. keep 27. A. relaxed 28. A. good 29. A. go away 30. A. long before 31. A. meet 32. A. as if 33. A. pretend 34. A. in 35. A. eat up

B. hoped B. right B. hurt B. find B. tense B. harmful B. go on B. as usual B. observe B. just as B. expect B. around B. deal with

C. blamed C. easy C. hide C. control C. same C. helpful C. go up C. before long C. catch C. just after C. decide C. over C. throw away

D. shared D. wise D. prevent D. let D. different D. useful D. go out D. right away D. see D. even though D. assume D. beyond D. send out

Sometimes people call each other ―scared-cat‖, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn‘t 16 this, its body is getting ready for action. 17

If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 16. A. mind B. admit C. realize

D. remember

解题思路:题眼法\代入法 捕捉题眼,寻找契机:所谓―题眼‖就是解题线索,就是那些原句中出现的、 对解题起重要暗示作用的关键词。找准关键词语,有时题干中带有对解题起着关 键作用的词语,如果能迅速找准这些词语,再结合各选项的意义和特点,就能很 快选出正确答案。 17. A. save B. help C. defend D. hide

解题思路:没有同义复现或固定搭配,考虑概括的是解。 并列结构法: 根据文章中表示并列关系的连词或副词如:and/also/or 或逗号
第 77 页 共 135 页

“,”等,它们的提点是 and 前后的成分结构相似,意义相关,再做出准确判断。

18

, when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, 19 changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our

our bodies also go through many

muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves 18. A. Truly 20 run. C. Similarly D. Differently

B. Frequently

解题思路:前后呼应法\代入法 前后呼应法:做完形填空要始终抓住文章本身,联系―双语境‖判断做题,即 大语境——全文中心和基调; 小语境——空格前后所构成的语意环境;再根据前 有伏笔,后有呼应的思路做题。 句群、段落、篇章等。语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语,这些 词语被称为―语篇标志‖。 如表示结构层次的语篇标志语有: firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally 等; 表示逻辑关系的语篇标志语有: 表示改变话题的语篇标志语有: 表示递进关系的语篇标志语有: 表示时间关系的语篇标志语有: 19. A. chemical thus, therefore, so 等; by the way 等; besides, what‘s more, further 等; before, so far, yet, meanwhile, later 等。 C. health D. ill

B. physical

解题思路: 摆脱思维定势, “陷阱” chemical, 后提示句 Our hearts beat 排除 faster, and our muscles get tense.都是 physical。 20. A. and B. or 17 C. but D. yet

解题思路: 与前面句子 It will 同义复现。

itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.

同义复现:是英语中常见的一种现象。为强调某一意思,但又不想重复使 用某个词,文中前后两处会使用一组同义词或同义词组。由于在完形填空题中, 这两个同义词的位置多半比较靠近,很容易找到。无须过多推理,只须确定相同 的是哪个意思,然后找出选项中与之相符的一项即可。 Human beings, 21 , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way
第 78 页 共 135 页

to our feelings and let them

22

, we can get into trouble. Have you ever said

something in anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn‘t always freely. 21. A. therefore B. but C. besides D. however 24 23

to express your feelings

解题思路:转折特点: but 转折法:文中一出现―but‖ ―Although‖ ―though‖ ―however,‖ ―while‖等词, 应该马上想到前后语意有转折。 只要知道其中一方的语意,就可以反向推出另一 方的意思,从而解题。完形填空题中,but 一词后多半会设题。所以,大家在考 试时,只要看到 but 就做一个标记,遇到类似 but 这样表转折的词也同样处理。 这样便于回到原文去寻找解题的依据。 22. A. take off B. take on C. take over D. take up

解题思路:and 并列结构法,give way to 的同义词 let 。。take 23. A. wished B. hoped C. blamed D. shared

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句 had kept 是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。 24. A. useful B. right C. easy 。 D. wise

解题思路:后暗示法,smarter 的近义词是

利用暗示和对应解题:虽然重点是对语法、短语和词的辨析、句子结构的考 查, 但对文章故事情节发展线索的逻辑考查仍是重点。暗示与上下对应的思维方 法,是突破此类完形填空最关键的思维方式。

Does this mean that it‘s smarter always to 26

25

our feelings? No! If you

feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your 27 . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be 28 for

body stays your health.

25. A. handle

B. hurt

C. hide

D. prevent

第 79 页 共 135 页

解题思路:同义复现法 26. A. keep B. find C. control D. let

解题思路: 利用语法分析解题, 动词 up inside。 27. A. relaxed B. tense

可以带宾补 hidden away or bottled

C. same

D. different

解题思路:跨段落篇章复现 tense 查找文章多处反复复现概念的已知词: 复现可以是相同的词在文章的不同地 方重复出现。 复现的解题意义在于:如果判断出一个未知填空与上下文的那些已 知词汇有复现关系,只要从选项中选出与那些词汇意义相同的就是正确答案。 28. A. good B. harmful C. helpful D. useful

解题思路:利用关联成分,将 illnesses 设置成已知,另一个是未知的,这 样 那 个 已 知 的 词 语 便 成 为 破 解 未 知 词 语 的 关 键 线 索 。 illnesses 会 对 health ? 29 . It‘s like you

Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don‘t just

bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but 30 you‘d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you‘d 31

little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. They‘d be rotten. 29. A. go away B. go on C. go up D. go out

解题思路:看清上下文,找准定位词充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找 到对选择有提示作用的词或句,go ?

看看文章中动词都与哪些副词或介词搭配成动词短语? It will 17 itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 26 feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or 27 . C. before long 30 D. right away

No! If you

bottled up inside, your body stays 30. A. long before

B. as usual

解 题 思 路 : 利 用 语 法 分 析 解 题 , but

you‘d smell them. 句 中

的‘d=would 是过去将来时.in no time=by and by=in a flash=before long=soon 是将 来 时 的 时 间 状 语 , 表 示 “ 很 快 ” ; 而 right away=right now=quickly=at
第 80 页 共 135 页

once=immediately 则不受限制! 31. A. meet B. observe C. catch 31 D. see

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,you‘d

little fruit flies hovering (盘旋)

all over them. (A. meet ,B. observe, C. catch ,D. see)little fruit flies hovering (盘旋)。

You can try to treat emotions can 35 33

32

they were bananas in the cupboard. You 34 . And at last you‘ll have to

they don‘t exist, but they‘ll still be

them. Just like those bananas. 32. A. as if B. just as C. just after D. even though 32 they

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,You can try to treat emotions were bananas in the cupboard.是虚拟句。 33. A. pretend B. expect C. decide

D. assume exist?

解题思路:抉择于 A. pretend 和 D. assume 之间,

绝对相近法:它是从选项着手分析的,若四个选项中有两个选项绝对矛盾、 相近和对立,那么正确选项大多在这两个对立项之间产生,二者必居其一,至于 究竟是两者中的哪一个,则需进一步根据上下文的语境判断。注意固定的搭配, 包括动词与介词的搭配、 动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要 根据内容选择正确的短语。 34. A. in B. around C. over D. beyond

解题思路:exist =be there, there= in? around? Over? beyond? 35. A. eat up B. deal with C. throw away D. send out

解题思路:容易错选 C.throw away,概括的是解。 16——20 CCCBB 21——25 DCADC 26——30ABBAC 31——35 DAABB

高考英语完型填空实战演练二( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 ) Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute, today was a very special occasion. It was almost 17 16

by getting there an hour 19 raced through

beforehand that she 18 to cause the plane to arrive sooner:
第 81 页 共 135 页

her mind. ―Do I look all right? Will he notice that I‘m wearing a Will he even 21

20

trouser suit? 22

me? "After all,it was a year almost to the day since she had 23

seen Joe. She fished a make-up?. Joe had 24

out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too much

made any comment but she knew that he did not approve it. It was funny how much

of(赞成)heavy make-up—―gilding the lily‖,he 25 importance she attached to judge each other by 27 26

a good impression on him. After all,friends do not

All the same,it was the first meeting after a long 28 right·

separation,and she wanted everything to Looking out of the window,Joe 29

a first glimpse,through a break in the 31 him

30 ,of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had

to be the guest lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee, a matter of Courtesy as (礼貌),had. the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. This time, necessary, 34 32 33 to meet him at ,it was not

because Joe was quite familiar with the city, mainly because but 35 the afternoon off in order to come and meet him. C. for C. as if C. had C. Thoughts C. latest C. terrify C. last C. mirror C. often C. saw C. having C. make-up C. go off C. enjoyed C. train
第 82 页 共 135 页

Anna had said that she could 16. A. and 17. A. because 18. A. thought 19. A. Idea 20. A. new 21. A. like 22. A. before 23. A. purse 24. A. never 25. A. told 26. A. offering 27. A. appearance

B. but B. since B. liked B. Facts B. strange B. recognize B. recently B. handkerchief B. almost B. called B. taking B. clothes

D. as D. when D. hoped D. Matters D. single D. tell D. most D. book D. regularly D. thought D. making D. looking D. get out D. met D. clouds

28. A. come across B. turn up 29. A. caught 30. A. air B. left B. rain

31. A. employed 32. A. offered 33. A. therefore 34. A. luckily 35. A. put

B. invited, B. arrived B. however B. really B. make

C. told C. intended C. instead C. partly C. take

D. informed D. attempted D. as well D. separately D. leave

高考英语完型填空实战演练二( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 ) Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute, 16 today was a very special occasion. It was almost beforehand that she 17 by getting there an hour 19 20 raced through trouser suit? 22

18 to cause the plane to arrive sooner:

her mind. ―Do I look all right? Will he notice that I‘m wearing a Will he even 21

me? "After all,it was a year almost to the day since she had 23

seen Joe. She fished a make-up?. Joe had 24

out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too much

made any comment but she knew that he did not approve it. It was funny how much

of(赞成)heavy make-up—―gilding the lily‖,he 25 importance she attached to judge each other by 27 26

a good impression on him. After all,friends do not

All the same,it was the first meeting after a long 28 right· C. for D. as

separation,and she wanted everything to 16. A. and B. but

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是 形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过 去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一‖still‖词;前句有―Maybe‖, ―Perhaps‖, ―It meight be‖等表示―可能‖的副词。 17. A. because B. since C. as if D. when

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,because,since,when 接句子。 18. A. thought B. liked C. had D. hoped

解题思路:sooner 是将来时间状语,hope 与将来时有关! 19. A. Idea B. Facts C. Thoughts D. Matters 20 trouser

解题思路:―Do I look all right? Will he notice that I‘m wearing a

第 83 页 共 135 页

suit? Will he even through her mind.? 20. A. new

21

me? 这两个问句说明她在想。Think =

19

raced

B. strange

C. latest

D. single 21

解题思路: 利用排除法解题 I‘m wearing a 20

trouser suit? Will he even 20

recognize me? "怀疑是否能 recognize 我, 说明 I‘m wearing a 21. A. like 解题思路:代入法 22. A. before 解题思路:代入法 23. A. purse B. handkerchief C. mirror ? C. often B. recently C. last B. recognize C. terrify

trouser suit?

D. tell

D. most

D. book

解题思路:与 make-up 相关的是 24. A. never B. almost

D. regularly

解题思路:but 说明前面应是否定词。 25. A. told B. called C. saw 25 it.=he 25 D. thought it ―gilding the

解题思路:代入法―gilding the lily‖,he lily‖? 26. A. offering B. taking

C. having

D. making

解题思路:代入法,词汇辨析 27. A. appearance B. clothes 解题思路: judge each other by 27 28. A. come across B. turn up C. make-up ?概括的是解。 C. go off D. get out D. looking

解题思路:联想法 Everything goes well,Everything 与 go 搭配! Looking out of the window,Joe 29 a first glimpse,through a break in the 31 him

30 ,of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had

to be the guest lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy(礼貌),had the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. This time, necessary 34 32 to meet him at

33 ,it was not

because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainly because 35 the afternoon off in order to come and meet him. C. enjoyed
第 84 页 共 135 页

Anna had said that she could 29. A. caught

B. left

D. met

解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容 词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。删除干扰部分,就是将起 干扰作用的定语从句、 介词短语或插入语删除 Joe 29 break in the 30. A. air 30 ,of the town far below. B. rain C. train D. clouds a first glimpse, through a

解题思路:the town far below.暗示是从飞机向下看,突然 a break 看不到了 片刻是因为天空中 31. A. employed 挡了一下? B. invited C. told D. informed ? D. attempted

解题思路:Autumn Congress 与 guest lecturer 有关的动词是 32. A. offered B. arrived C. intended

解题思路:intended 与 attempted 近义,应排除,承诺去接。 33. A. therefore B. however C. instead D. as well

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是 形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过 去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一‖still‖词;前句有―Maybe‖, ―Perhaps‖, ―It meight be‖等表示―可能‖的副词。 34. A. luckily B. really C. partly D. separately

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是 形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过 去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一‖still‖词;前句有―Maybe‖, ―Perhaps‖, ―It meight be‖等表示―可能‖的副词。 后面句子中 it was not necessary because Joe

was quite familiar with the city, mainly because Anna had said that she could take but the afternoon off 提示未知的空应是 mainly 的反义词。 35. A. put B. make C. take D. leave

解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容 词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。不知道 take off 是请假的 话,联想 have two days off 是请 2 天假的意思也行,因为词组也含 off. 36—40 BCDCA 41—45 BABCC BCCAB 46—50 DACAD 51—55

第 85 页 共 135 页

2012 高考英语高频词组汇【经典 100 组】
很多同学觉得英语学不会很大程度上有由于词汇量太少所致。。。然而其实不然,有 一些词汇很简单,你个个都认识可组合起来就不一定了或者意思就会产生偏差,这就是名曰 词组的东西。可恰恰有些词组总是受到高考命题老师们的偏爱,特此整理出来以便同学们整 理背诵。【好好记一记,比背单词的效率高多了呢~(*^__^*) 】 1 abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动) 2 have a (the )ability to do sth. ( have the ability in doing sth.)有能力做某事 3 to the best of one's ability 尽力 4 be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然。。。 5 above all 首先,最重要; in all 总计 after all 毕竟; 终究 6 at home and abroad 在国内外 go abroad 出国 7 in sb.'s absence 不在时 in the absence of (人)不在时 be absent from 缺席 8 be absorbed in 全神贯注于 9 access to 接近;进入 10 by accident 偶然 by chance by mistake 由于错误 11 be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误 12 be accompanied by 附有;伴随 13 according to (后面不接 view,opinion…); in my opinion 14 collect accounts 收账; open an account 开账户; keep accounts 记账 ; account for 说明; give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; on account of=because of 因为 15 accuse sb. of… 控告某人; charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; Blame sb. for sth. 责备某 人 16 be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(to doing sth.)习惯于干某事 17 have some acquaintance with 熟悉;熟知 18 come (run) across (偶然)碰到 ; get sth. across 使人理解;领会 19 act as 充当,担任 act out 表演(对话、故事); act on(upon) 对。。。起作用 20 catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事; take action 采取行动 21 be active in 在。。。积极 take an active part in 积极参加 lead an active life 过着积极 的生活 22 adapt oneself to 使自己适应 adapt sth. to 使某物适应 adapt from 根据。。。改写(改 编) 23 add in 包括; 加进去 add to 增加;加强 add… to 把。。。加到。。。上 add up to 合加起来 24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好。。。的;上了。。。瘾的 25 in addtion/ in addtion to 此外 26 deliver an address to 向。。发表演讲 giving a closing address 致闭幕词 an address of welcome 欢迎词 27 admit to sth.( doing sth.) 承认 28 in advance=beforehand 提前 29 be of great (no ) advantage to 对。。。大大有利(毫无裨益) gain(have) an advantage over 优于;胜过; take advantage of sb. 利用某人;欺骗某人 30 put an advertisement 登广告
第 86 页 共 135 页

31 ask for sb.'s advice 征求某人的建议 give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何 何干某事提出忠告 32 advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出忠告;advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某 事 33 be afraid of 害怕;担心 be afraid to do 不敢做某事 34 be after 寻求;追求 35 be against one's proposal 反对(意见 go against nature 违背自然 stand against the wall 靠墙而立 36 at the age of 在。。。岁时; be under age 未成年 37 agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/饮食 对气候等的适应 agree to +advice/suggestion/ idea/proposal … agree on (upon) 。。。就。。达成一致意见 38 ahead of ( time) 在。。。前面 go ahead 继续;前进 39 aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 in aid of 支持 ;give sb. first aid 对某 人实施急救 40 aim at 瞄准 41 on the air(用无线电、电视)播送 in the air 在空中; by air 乘飞机; put on (give oneself) airs 摆架子 42 all along 一直;始终 all over the country(world)遍及全国(世界) all alone 单独;独 自地 all but 几乎;差一点 43 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 44 let alone 更不用说 There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs. 45 get along (on) with 在。。。方面有进展 take along with 随身携带 46 not only…but also 47 make an analysis of 分析 48 in the ancient time 在古代 49 and so on/and so forth 等等 50 be angry about sth.对某事生气 be angry at sth.因某事生气 be be angry with sb.生某人的气 51 annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因。 。使某人生气;52 one after another 相 。 继 53 answer for 对。。。负责 answer sb.'s call 回电话 make no answer 不作回答 54 be anxious about ( for) 为。。。担心 be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事 55 apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉 56 in appearance 外貌上 make one's appearance 登台 by/from all appearances 显然 57 apply…to… 将。 。应用于 apply for 申请 apply to 适应于 apply oneself to 专心致志 于 ; apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物 58 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间 59 approach to 接近 make an approach to 对。。。进行探讨 60 approve of 赞同 61 argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事;argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某 事 62 arm in arm 肩并肩 hand in hand 手拉手 ; shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩 take sth. in one's arms 抱 be armed to the teeth 全副武装 63 arrange for 安排;准备 arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事
第 87 页 共 135 页

make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 做好准备;安排 64 as a whole 作为总体 on the whole 总体上 65 as…as one can 尽力;尽可能 66 as to/with regard to 至于;说到 67 be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧 be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧 68 ask for sth. 请求 ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 69 every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面 70 assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 71 associate..with… 把。。。和。。联系起来 ; in association with … 与。。。联手 72 be astonished( surprised) at (the news) 对。。感到惊奇 73 at the latest 最迟 74 e attached to 附属于。。。;依恋; attach sth. to… 把。。贴上 把。。系在。。。 上 75 attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做。。。;attempt at sth. 试图获 得 76 attend on/to sb. 照看/护理某人; attend to 关心;照料 77 attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意 hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于 devote one's attention to 专心于 turn one's attention to 将注意力转向 pay attention to 注意 78 one's attitude towards… 某人的态度对。 79 on (the ) average 按平均; above( below) average 平均以上(下) 80 be aware of 意识到,觉察 81 back and forth 来回地(屋内) 82 at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人;at the back of 在。。。后 lie on one's back 朝天躺着 83 go from bad to worse 每况愈下 84 go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐 85 keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ; be in the balance 悬而未决 86 ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事 be under a ban 被禁止 87 base sth. on/upon sth. 以。。。为基础; be based on 基于 on…basis=on the basis of 以。。。为根据; 在。。。基础上 88 battle against 向。。。开战; battle with 与。。。搏斗; battle for 为。。。而战 89 because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句) 90 make the bed 整理床铺;in bed/on the bed 在床上 91 beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事; beg for sth. 请求得到 beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事 92 begin with 从。。。开始 93 on behalf of 代表 ; on sb.'s behalf 以某人的名义 94 believe in 信赖 95 belong to (无被动语态) 属于 96 beyond recognition 认不出来 beyond belief 难以置信 beyond description 无法用言语表达 beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解 97 by birth 在血统上 at birth 诞生;出生 give birth to 生(产)
第 88 页 共 135 页

98 bit by bit 一点点地 do one's bit 尽一点(份) quite a bit 相当多 比较: not a bit 一点也不 not a little 很,非常 99 be black and blue 遍体鳞伤 100 bear the blame 受过 lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上

唤起迅捷激情
透过已知信息

震撼学子心灵
推断未知信息

2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案

不易策略,扫描选项,在万变中找到不变的规律! 简易策略,瞻前顾后,化繁为简,化难为易! 变易策略,左顾右盼,以变制变,熟能生巧!

首尾段首尾句,边做边看选项中与中心同现词或复现词! 扫描选项 同义词 / 同类词排除 高频答案词 相反项有解

同现 思路 瞻前顾后 复现 逻辑结构

左顾右盼

P 原则 关联结构

技巧归纳: 感情色彩 时态暗示法 动词综合法(主语/宾语是人是物? 及不及物?过程还是结
第 89 页 共 135 页

果?......), ...... (略) 共 20 多项法则,交叉都指向同一个答案才最准确! 满分策略: 五四运动法 串线交叉法 主线贯穿法, ......(略)

节选教案试看! 瞻前顾后 同现 复现 逻辑结构
同现
中心同现是指段落的首段的中心词或段落中反复出现的名词或名词词组,在被选空格内 的句子中也重复出现或与其意思倾斜向;词汇同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或者某一领域 的词汇在文章中共同出现,达到语义衔接的目的。一般来说,上下文中词汇的范畴越小,上 下文的衔接关系越紧密。 首段首句一般都是中心句,名词是核对重点! ◆Then , mountain --- climbing began to grow popular as a sport. To some people, there is something greatly ___28____ about getting to the ___29____ of a high mountain: a struggle against nature is finer than a battle ___30____other human begins. And then , when you are at the mountain top after a long and difficult ____31____, what a ___32____ reward ( 奖品 ) it is to be able to look ___33___ on everything within ___34____! At such time , you feel happier and prouder than you can ever feel down ___35___. 与首尾句名词 动词 形容词 副词倾向! 28.A.excited 32.A.surprising B. interested B.excited C.dangerous C.disappointing D.terrible D.astonishing

◆Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her ___1___ concert. She had been waiting for this __2__ for years and years. ―Now it is here at last,‖ she thought. ―How beautiful her ___3___ is.‖ The song made her ___4___ to the days when she was Lauren‘s ___5___. As a young ___6___, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___7___ in France, Italy and in the United States. ―You can become a fine ___8___ in the future,‖ her teachers told her. ―But you must be ___9___ to study hard and work for many years. 3. A. voice 7. A. French 8. A. actress B. face B. music B. student C. dress C. piano C. singer D. life D. dance D. dancer

抓住中心意思-----围绕什么话题 (在文章中出现频率最多的词) ◆Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall ( 演讲 厅 ) but in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of
第 90 页 共 135 页

the ___1___, many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins by selecting one ___2___ of art. After giving us a quick background on the artist , he will open up for class ___3___. 1. A. subjects B. paintings C. speeches D. lectures

仅有技巧和词汇是不够的,高频答案词及短语,是突破的关键!但相当多的具 体情况和难以处理的选项,做起来还是有些吃力,怎么办? 吴军老师刚刚出炉的 2012 高考英语完形暗示点全归纳将使您傲视群雄! 宾语从句是特殊疑问句 WH-或 whether/if 时,要选下列动词: ask, doubt, wonder, want to know, know, guess 答题选动词:
〖2011?全国新课标卷〗The professor 37 the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to 38 how many beans the jar

contained. After 39 shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the 40 about science. 38. A.count B. guess C. report D. watch answer, and went on saying, “You have just 41 an important lesson

考察动词,或根据后文 wildly wrong guesses 的提示,考虑复现选 B。

反过来选 WH-或 whether/if:
〖2011?安徽卷〗One afternoon. I walked into a building to ask 41 there were any job opportunities(机会),The people there advised me not to continue my job search in that 42 . 41. A. why B. wherever C. whether D. whenever

一天,作者走进一座大楼去问―是否‖(whether)有自己能做的工作。选 C。A 项为―为什 么‖;B 项为―无论在那‖;D 项为―无论何时‖

怎么样?这样做题快吗?

为了让您更加深信不疑,我们再免费发布一个法则,你可以马上用下列真题 或你学校的模拟练习题来验证一下,好使,就要赶紧预定呦!每省仅限定 10 套,额 满即!止

第 91 页 共 135 页

正面的,积极的,肯定的, 还是负面的,消极的,否定的?
◆―I’m sorry, but we have enough 27 for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we‘ll talk then.‖ Jenna smiled 28 and left. ―Why is high school so 29 ?‖ she sighed.
叹气 sighed 说明是勉强的,选消极的 weakly

28. A. widely

B. weakly 38

C. excitedly ,not to anyone in particular. C.carefully D.calmly

D. brightly

◆Tired and sad,she told her story 38.A.tearfully B.seriously

◆It seems funny that we are _40_ for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are _41_, but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life‘s _42_ . 41. A. uncertain B. unhappy C. not pleased D. careful

〖2011?四川卷〗I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum 21 in October 2007, I was a cook.. In December 22 . I was

that year. while I was working fo

更多相关文档:

2013年高考数学重要公式

2013高考数学重要公式_高考_高中教育_教育专区。1、已知集合 A、B,当时,你是否注意到“极端”情况: 合的子集时是否忘记 ?[/L] 或 ;求集 [L]2、 对于含...

2013年高考文科数学公式大总结

2013年高考文科数学公式大总结_高考_高中教育_教育专区。额,随便看看,然后随便下下……2013高考数学公式大全(最全面,最详细)抛物线:y = ax *+ bx + c 就是 ...

2013高考数学公式及模拟题

2013高考数学公式及模拟题_高三数学_数学_高中教育_教育专区。2013高考数学公式及模拟题高考数学_典型易错题会诊 2013 高考数学知识点及模拟题考点 1 集合与简易逻辑...

2013高考必考数学公式、常用结论、易错点提醒

2013高考必考数学公式、常用结论、易错点提醒_高考_高中教育_教育专区。3月15日最新整理,涵盖全面,是莘莘学子的得力助手。朱屿教学资料(高中数学) 15044088809 高考必...

2013高考数学知识总结

2013高考数学公式_模拟_复... 135页 免费 2013高考物理基本知识点详... 94页 免费 精华经典版122页高考数学知... 163页 免费 提高英语写作分数的88个词......

Y2013高中数学公式精粹

史上最经典公式,一个就够!隐藏>> Y2013 高中数学常用公式 1 元素与集合的...数学高考应试技巧数学考试时, 有许多地方都要考生特别注意. 在考试中掌握好各 ...

2013年高考理科数学全国新课标卷1试题与答案word解析版

2013高考理科数学全国新课标卷1试题与答案word解析版_高考_高中教育_教育专区...(2013 课标全国Ⅰ, 14)若数列{an}的前 n 项和 理则{an}的通项公式是 ...

2013届高考数学全套核心知识点总结

2013高考数学全套核心知识点总结_高考_高中教育_教育专区。武汉至臻高考辅导教室...? 2 (2)名的变换:化弦或化切 (3)次数的变换:升、降幂公式 (4)形的变换...

2013届高考数学知识点总结

2013高考数学知识点总结 隐藏>> 2012 年高考数学(理科)基础知识归纳 集合与简易...4.倒序相加法: 类似于等差数列前 n 项和公式的推导方法. 5.常用结论 4) ...

2013年高考数学必备——解析几何中的基本公式专题

2013高考数学必备——解析几何中的基本公式专题_高考_高中教育_教育专区。2013高考数学必备——解析几何中的基本公式专题 1、 两点间距离:若 A(x1 , y1 )...
更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com