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表达写作指导课件:如何写图表作文


How do you spend your money? I mean your living expenses

My living expenses
housing
Food, drink clothing others

80%
10% 5% 5%

Step 1 认识图表 表格

Table 某地区居民近4年的消费变化
year 2006 2007 2008 200 9 Food , drink and 40% 35% 30% 25% clothing

item

Transport and entertainment Education and housing others

10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 38% 40% 20% 15% 12% 10%

曲线图

Line Graph

记忆规律曲线图

柱形图/条形图 Bar Chart / Graph
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2006 2007 2008 2009

某校2006-2009年学生中拥有QQ号人数的调查

饼状图

Pie Chart
18%food &drink other
22%food &drink

other 25% housing 32% housing (b) Percentage of Average Family Expenses in 2002

(a)

Percentage of Average Family Expenses in 1997

Step 2 范例引路
下面表格是某地区居民近10年的消费变化,请根 据要求写一篇文章,要求描述变化并得出结论, 词数100左右。

Food , drink and clothing Transport and recreation Education and housing others

1998 40% 10% 30% 20%

2000 35% 15% 35% 15%

2003 2007 30% 25% 20% 25% 38% 40% 12% 10%

范例引路
关键词:show, change, fall / increase from … to … on decrease / on rise reasons on one hand … on the other hand…

扩写句子
Show change great changes have taken place fall / increase from … to As is shown from the table…

the expenses on food, drink and clothing fell from 40% to 25% on decrease / on rise

The expenses on transport and recreation education and housing have been on rise

reasons

The reasons are as follows

on one hand …
People’s living standard has been improved on the other hand… people paid much more importance to education and living conditions.

连句成篇

As is shown from the table, great changes ______ in people’s expenses from 1998 to 2007. The expenses on food, drink and clothing ___ from 40% in 1998 __ 25% in 2007. On the contrary, the expenses on transport and recreation , education and housing have been _____. For the former, only 10% was spent on it in 1998, but the rate _____ in 2007. The same also goes for the latter. The rate ___ from 30% in 1998 ___ 40% in 2007. From the above, we can see that people’s living level has been rising greatly in the past 10 years. The reasons are as follows: on one hand, people’s living standard has been improved. on the other hand, people paid much more importance to education and living conditions.

place in people’s expenses from 1998 to 2007.

第一步: As is shown from the table, great changes have taken 点明主题

The expenses on food, drink and clothing fell from 40% in 1998 to 25% in 2007. On the contrary, the expenses on transport and recreation , education and housing have been on rise. For the former, only 10% was spent on it in 第二步:观察图表中数据的 1998, but the rate doubled 增减总趋势,分类式阐明 in 2007. The same also goes for the latter. The rate rose from 30% in 1998 to 40% in 2007. From the above, we can see that people’s living level has been rising greatly in the past 10 years. The reasons 第三步:说明原因, are as follows: on one hand, people’s living standard 得出结论. has been improved. on the other hand, people paid much more importance to education and living conditions.

Step 3 总结规律
一、开头

——图表式作文写作分三步:

简要描述图表,点明主题 Describing 二、正文 分析数据 三、结尾 说明原因,得出结论 Analyzing

Coming to a conclusion

Step 3 实战演练
请根据对某校2004-2007年这段时间学生中拥有 QQ号人数的调查写一篇文章,要求描述变化并 得出结论,词数100左右。
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2004 2005 2006 2007

开头常用句型: 1. As is shown in the chart, ... 2. The graph/chart/table above shows that… 3. From写作步骤—Processcan be seen that... the above graph/chart, it Writing 分析数据常用句型: 1. 罗列关键词(Listing) 1.There was a great /slight increase /rise in… 2. 展开关键词(Developing) 2.It decreased/ fell/ increased from… to… 3.The number /rate has nearly doubled,… 3. 打草稿(Drafting)

4. 修正稿(Revising) 说明原因常用句型: 5. 定稿(Editing) 1.The reason for…is that…
2.The reasons are as follows: 3. There are several causes for the change: First of all, …. besides,… what’s more….

As is shown in the chart, the rate of students who own QQs increased in the past four years from 2004 to 2007. Back in 2004, only 20% of them have QQs; one year later, the rate becomes twice larger; compared with about 50% in 2006, the rate in 2007 rose to 60%. Clearly, it is tending to increase. The reasons are as follows: for one thing, the widespread use of the Internet makes it convenient for students to communicate with each other. For another, QQ provides all kinds of entertainments, such as playing games and enjoying music. What’s more, QQ has gradually become the main means for the public to know the latest news. Personally, students should make proper use of and not be addicted to QQ, and only so can it serve its purpose beautifully.

Step 4 课后练习
根据下面所给两幅图,完成100词左右的一篇短文(首句已 给出).参考词汇:expenses (n.) 支出,费用 18%food &drink 22%food &drink

other

other

25% 32% (b) housin (a) housing g Percentage of Average Percentage of Average Family Expenses in 1997 Family Expenses in 2002 The Average Family Expenses The average family income in the u.s. has increased.____

开头常用句型: 1. As is shown in the chart, ... 2. The graph/chart/table above shows that… 3. From the above graph/chart, it can be seen that...

分析数据常用句型:
1.There was a great /slight increase /rise in… 2.It decreased/ fell/ increased from… to… 3.The number /rate has nearly doubled,…

说明原因常用句型: 1.The reason for…is that… 2.The reasons are as follows: 3. There are several causes for the change: First of all, …. besides,… what’s more….

The Average Family Expenses

The average family income in the U.S. has increased. The way the average family spends it’s income has also changed.In 1997, 25 percents of the income was spent on housing and 18% on food and drink.57% was used to meeting other expenses. In 2002,32% was spent on housing, a big increase. Food and drink consumed 22%.The remained expenses amount to 46%.
It’s clean from the charts that as incomes increase people can afford to live more comfortably and eat much.

The Average Family Expenses

The average family income in the U.S. has increased.
The way the average family spends it’s income has also changed.In 1997, 25 percents of the income was spent on housing and 18% on food and drink. 57% used to meet other expenses. In 2002, 32% was spent on house, a big increase. Food or drink consumed 22%.The remained expenses amount to 46%. It’s clear from the charts that with incomes increase people can not afford to live more comfortably and eat much. 1________ its percent 2________ 3________ 4________ was 5________ housing 6________ and 7________ remaining 8________ as 9________ not 10_______ more


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