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高考资料—高中英语词汇练习(答案篇)


高考资料—高中英语词汇练习(答案篇) 英语派生词归纳 (参照普通高中英语课程标准词汇表) 一、根据提示写出下列单词的派生词 序 号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 词根 able vary agree like amaze amuse an

gry anxious appear apply assist attract beauty usual believe use brave breath care chemistry comfort compete contradict cook correct translate die deep devote differ courage competition contradiction cooker correction translation death depth devotion difference encourage devoted different discourag dead deadly deeply correctly translator bravery breathe careful chemical comfortable competent contradictory cook comfortably competitor carefully chemist belief believable useful bravely breathless careless amazement amusement anger anxiety appearance application assistance attraction attractive beautiful beautifully usually unusual unbelieva ble useless applicant assistant v. admiration agreement alike amazing / amazed amusing / amused angrily anxiously disappear admire v. noun ability adj. able various admirable disagree unlike variously adv. noun(指人) opposite( 反) unable

e 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 educate electric employ certain exact fair fortune free friend govern graduate guide happy harm help hope immigrate possible invent kind tour luck manage music nation organize paint patient perform person photograph physics pleasure politics practise produce proper practice production properly pleased / pleasant political practical product (产品) politician photography physical nationality organization painting patience performance personal personally photographer physicist patiently performer management musical national organizer painter immigration possibility invention kindness tourism lucky luckily manager musician kindly tourist unluckily inventor unkind freedom friendship government graduation guidance happiness harmful helpful hopeful hopefully immigrant impossible happily friendly governor graduate guide unhappy harmless helpless hopeless fairness fortunate fortunately freely education electricity employment / unemployment certainly exactly unfair unfortuna te electrical employer / employee uncertain educator

70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77

qualify real receive relate true sad safe satisfy

qualification reality reception relation truth sadness safety satisfaction

qualified realize / realize (v.) really receiver relative truly sadly safely satisfactory / satisfied / satisfying scientific scientist servant typist silently simply smoker socialist speaker specially specialist unwilling successful sunny tasty tasteless actor / actress strongly active strengthen successfully suddenly separated

78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93

science separate serve type silent simple smoke social speak special willing succeed sudden sun taste act strong action strength sunshine willingness success society speech separation service typewriter silence simplify

二、写出下列单词的名词 1. absent ---- absence 4. adjust ---- adjustment 9. agent ---- agency 14. argue ---- argument 17. assess ---- assessment 20. bleed ---- blood 26. choose ---- choice 2. accurate ---- accuracy 5. admit ---- admission 10. analyse ---- analysis 3. achieve ---- achievement 6. affect ---- effect 8. advise ---- advertisement 11. apologize ---- apology 13. appreciate ---- appreciation 16. arrive ---- arrival

7. advertise ---- advertisement 12. announce ---- announcement

15. arrange ---- arrangement 21. blind ---- blindness 27. collect ---- collection

18. associate ---- association 19. assume ---- assumption 22. build ---- building 25. child ---- childhood 28. communicate --- communication

23. celebrate ---- celebration24. behave ---- behavior

29. conclude ---- conclusion 30. congratulate ---- congratulation

31. connect ---- connection 32. construct ---- construction 33. contain ---- container 34. contribute ---- contribution 36. decide ---- decision 42. disabled ---- disability 45. equal ---- equality 48. examine ---- examination 51. explain ---- explanation 54. grow ---- growth 57. hungry ---- hunger 60. important ---- importance 35. convenient ---- convenience 40. develop ---- description 41. difficult ---- difficulty 43. distant ---- distance 46. equip ---- equipment 49. exist ---- existence 52. express ---- expression 55. fail ---- failure 44. enter ---- entrance 50. expect ---- expectation 53. greet ---- greeting 56. feel ---- feeling

37. decorate ---- decoration 38. defend ---- defendence 39. describe---- description

47. evident ---- evidence

58. imagine ---- imagination 59. ill ---- illness

61. impress ---- impression 62. independent ---- independence 63. inform ---- information 64. instruct ---- instruction 65. intelligent ---- intelligence 66. introduce ---- introduction 68. judge ---- judgement 71. marry ---- marriage 74. move ---- movement 77. operate ---- operation 80. press ---- pressure 72. mean ---- meaning 78. permit ---- permission 81. proud ---- pride 67. invite ---- invitation 69. laugh ---- laughter 70. lose ---- loss 73. mix ---- mixture 79. pollute ---- pollution 82. prepare ---- preparation 84. protect ---- protection 89. review---- review 92. shave ---- shaver 95. spell ---- spelling 98. survive ---- survival 101. train ---- training lo4. warm ---- warmth 107. young ---- youth 110. confident ---- confidence 113. birth ---- birthplace /birthday 116. sharp ---- sharpener 75. occupy ---- occupation 76. open ---- opening

83. pronounce ---- pronunciation 88. responsible ---- responsibility 90. reserve ---- reservation 91. secure ---- security 93. shop ---- shopping 96. starve ---- starvation 99. tense ---- tension 102. treat ---- treatment 105. weigh ---- weight 108. know ---- knowledge 114. social ---- socialism 117. dark ---- darkness 94. sick ---- sickness 97. suggest ---- suggestion 100. think ---- thought 103. violent ---- violence 106. wise ---- wisdom 109. across ---- cross 112. slave ---- slavery 115. weak ---- weakness 118. long ---- length

85. punish ---- punishment 86. record ---- recorder(机器)87. require ---- requirement

111. appoint ---- appointment

三、写出下列单词的形容词 1. centre ---- central 4. cheer ---- cheerful 7. danger ---- dangerous 10. dust ---- dusty 13. south ---- southern 16. enjoy ---- enjoyable 2. challenge ---- challenging 3. change ---- changeable / changeful 5. cloud ---- cloudy 8. delight ---- delighted 11. east ---- eastern 14. north ---- northern 17. end ---- endless 6. day ---- daily 9. disturb ---- disturbing 12. west ---- western 15. energy ---- energetic 18. bear ----unbearable 20. face ---- facial

19. agriculture ----agricultural

21. fantasy ---- fantastic 24. gold ---- golden 27. love ---- lovely 30. noise ---- noisy 33. poison ---- poisonous 36. rain ---- rainy 39. salt ---- salty 42. snow ---- snowy 48. universe ---- universal 51. week ---- weekly 54. world ---- worldwide 四、写出下列单词的动词 1. bath ---- bathe 4. sharp ---- sharpen

22. fool ---- foolish 25. health ---- healthy 28. mistake ---- mistaken 31. pain ---- painful 34. power ---- powerful 37. reason ---- reasonable 40. self ---- selfish 43. suit ---- suitable 49. value ---- valuable 52. wind ---- windy 55. benefit ---- beneficial

23. forget ---- forgetful 26. humor ---- humorous 29. nature ---- natural 32. peace ---- peaceful 35. race ---- racial 38. religion ---- religious 41. skill ---- skilled / skillful 44. technique ---- technical 50. wealth ---- wealthy 53. wool ---- woolen 56. sleep ---- sleepy / asleep

45. tradition ---- traditional 46. trouble ---- troublesome 47. thank ---- thankful

2. large ---- enlarge 5. dark ---- darken

3. weak ---- weaken 6. long ---- lengthen

五、写出下列单词的动作执行者(或和本动作有关的人) 。 1. architecture ---- architect 2. art ---- artist 4. business ---- businessman 5. clean ---- cleaner 7. dance ---- dancer 10. farm ---- farmer 13. hunt ---- hunter 16. own ---- owner 19. police ---- policeman 22. rule ---- ruler 25. teach ---- teacher 28. village ---- villager 31. work ---- worker 34. write ---- writer 8. design ---- designer 11. foreign ---- foreigner 14. lead ---- leader 17. piano ---- pianist 20. post ---- postman 23. sing ---- singer 26. teenage ---- teenager 29. visit ---- visitor 32. library ---- librarian 35. report ---- reporter 3. astronomy ---- astronomer 6. crime ---- criminal 9. engine ---- engineer 12. host ---- hostess 15. novel ---- novelist 18. poem ---- poet 21. prison ---- prisoner 24. strange ---- stranger 27. travel ---- traveler 30. win ---- winner 33. wait ---- waitress

六、写出下列单词的反义词 1. advantage ---- disadvantage 3. legal ---- illegal 2. like(喜欢) ---- dislike 4. fit ---- unfit

七、常用国家或地区的派生词。 序号 1 2 3 地名 非洲 亚洲 欧洲 adj. Africa Asia Europe noun. (人) African Asian European capital

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

美国 澳大得亚 英国 英格兰 加拿大 中国 法国 德国 印度 爱尔兰 意大利 日本 新西兰 俄罗斯

America Australia Britain England Canada China France Germany India Ireland Italy Japan New Zealand Russia

American Australian British English / Englishman Canadian Chinese French / Frenchman German Indian Irish Italian Japanese New Zealander Russia

Washington D. C Canberra London Ottawa Beijing Paris Berlin

Tokyo

八、根据派生词进行语法填空。 (动词要密切注意时态、语态、人称和非谓语动词)

1. Madame Curie will always be remembered as the discoverer (discover) of radium. She and her husband had done lots of scientific (science) research before discovery (discover) radium. 2. Thomas Edison is considered one of the greatest inventors (invent) in the history. He had over 1000 inventions (invent) all his life. 3. Einstein is always believed to be one of the greatest scientists (science) in the 20th (20) century. He make great contributions (contribute) to modern science and technology. 4. I hear Liming can run 100 meters in 11 seconds. That’s really unbelievable (believe). 5. Don’t hesitate, John. You must make your own decision (decide) right now. 6. Can you give me a description (describe) of lost bag, sir? I’ll call you if I find it. 7. My English teacher always encourages (courage) us to do more speaking. He asks us not to feel discouraged (courage) even if we sometimes make mistakes. He also says that we should pay special attention to our pronunciation (pronounce) when speaking (speak) English. 8. The Great wall is one of the most famous tour attractions (attract) in China. It attracts (attract) a great number of foreigners (foreign). 9. I haven’t received an invitation (invite) of Liping’s wedding yet. I’m afraid I won’t go to her wedding unless invited (invite). 10. The concert was a great success (succeed). The singers were singing

beautifully (beauty), and all the musicians (music) were doing successfully (succeed). 11. The injured passengers were sent to the hospital immediately. But unfortunately (fortune), some of them lost their lives on the way t the hospital. All the people think that the careless (care) driver had heavy responsibility (responsible) for the accident. 12. Many fish have died from pollution (pollute) and many birds have died from polluted (pollute) air. a government official (office) says that we should take measures to prevent the environment (from)being polluted (pollute). 13. We all take pride (proud) in the fact that China has entered the World Trade Organization (organize). That means we can buy cheaper foreign products (produce) in the near future. 14. The criminal (crime) is in prison. You can’t see him without the permission (permit) of the police. 15. Personally (person) speaking, what the physician (physics) said at the conference was encouraging. 16. What you did just now made no difference (differ). 17. Man is short of natural (nature) resources now. They really require protecting / to be protected (protect). 18. Not only should we talk politely (polite) but also we should pay attention to our facial (face) expressions when communicating (communicate) with others. 19 The famous writer (write) is good at writing (write) detective stories. He has written (write) over 1000 detective stories since he began to write in 1995. The detective stories written (write) by him are popular all over the world. 20. Oh, the roast chicken really tastes (taste) delicious! I have never eaten such tasty (taste) dish. 21. I think we should strengthen (strong) the communication between teachers and students. 22. Martin Luther King is considered one of the greatest speakers (speak) in the 20th century. The speech (speak) he made on civil rights will always be remembered by people all over the world. 23. Mike got married (marry) last week. He decided to live with his parents after marriage (marry). 24. We can find a lot of information (inform) by surfing the Internet. 25. It is illegal (legal) to drive without a driving permit. Whoever drives without a driving permit must be punished (punish) severely. 26. Look! The managers are having a heated discussion (discuss). The problem being discussed (discuss) must be very important. 27. It was when he was seriously ill that he realized the importance (important)

of health. In fact, everybody must be aware that health is the most important (important) for a person. 28. The prisoner (prison) has been in prison for years. How he longs for freedom (free). 29. At first, the Americans were mainly from European (Europe) countries. Later, more and more Asian (Asia) people migrated to the land. 30. Professor Smith, one of the famous educators (educate), once said, “One must have a good education (educate). An educated (educate) person can usually have a better job and lifestyle.” 31. The invention of electricity (electric) is really beneficial (benefit) to human. 32. Jet Le is an excellent actor (act). His wife, Lichi, is also a famous actress (act). They have both made great achievements (achieve) and contributions (contribute) film industry. 33. Liu Jun is good at doing English exams, but he is unable (able) to speak English well. In fact, we Chinese students should do more speaking to improve our speaking ability (able). 34. The woman is waiting for her husband with anxiety (anxious). 35. The surprising (surprise) news made all of us surprised (surprise). 36. Big cities usually have many amusements (amuse). In fact, there are many amusing (amuse) activities and people can feel amused (amuse) when joining in these activities. 37. The company has put on several job advertisements (advertise) in a newspaper looking for some construction designers (design). 38. The manager of the company is a non-smoker (smoke), so he doesn’t allow smoking (smoke) in the office. 39. He has drawn a conclusion (conclude) that one can’t succeed without confidence (confident). 40. The manager broke the silence (silent) and put forward some good suggestions (suggest). 41. Many Chinese people think that there are few celebrations (celebrate) in our traditional (tradition) festivals. They say they sometimes have a better time by celebrating (celebrate) western festivals. 42. Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy (health), wealthy (wealth) and wise (wisdom). 43. His advice sounds certainly (certain) very good. But I am uncertain (certain) whether it is practical (practice) or not.


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