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Fill in the blanks while enjoying the song. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? She hangs out every day near by the beach Having a Heineken falling asleep She looks so sexy when she’s walking the sand N

obody ever put a ring on her hand Swim to the oceanshore fish in the sea She is the story the story is she She sings to the moon and the stars in the sky Shining from high above you shouldn’t ask why She is the one _____ you never forget that She is the heaven-sent angel you met Oh, she must be the reason _____ God made a girl why She is so pretty all over the world

1. Look at the girl _________ is singing so who/that beautifully. 2. Do you know the woman to ______ our whom 关系代词在定语从句中代替先行词 teacher is talking? 做主语、宾语、表语或定语。先行词做主,宾, 3. Jim is the boy ______ hat is red. whose who whom /或 that 表, 是人时用me a pen ___________ he bought _____; 4. He gave _____, ______ which that 是物时用 which 或 ______。先行词作定 ______ that last week. whose 5.语, 表示“…… all the books ______ I lent Mary has read 的”时, 用 ______。 that her.

6. Is it the reason _____ you were late? why 7. October 1st is the date _____ China when celebrates its National Day.
why when


8. He is the man __ _____ you can believe. in whom 9. He gave me some books ____ ______ I with which am “介词 + 关系代词”引导定语从句 not very familiar. 时, 10. This is the reason ___ ______动词was late. for which he
介词的选择要看与定语从句中_____, 形容 先行 词 词 whom ______ 的搭配, 以及与______ 的搭配。 介词后的关系代词只能是 _____ which 或 _____

The old man has a son, who is in the army .
非限制性 定语从句 这位老人有一个儿子,在 部队工作。(隐含的意义: 只有一个儿子) 这位老人有个在部队工作的儿子。 (隐含的意义:也许老人还有其他 的儿子,在干别的工作)

The old man has a son who is in the army.
限制性 定语从 句

Jim doesn't like to ask questions which make his teacher angry. 限制性定语从句
吉姆不喜欢问使老师生气的问题。(which 修饰questions)

Jim doesn't like to ask questions, which makes his teacher angry. 非限制性定语从句
吉姆不喜欢问问题,这让老师很生气。 (which修饰前面的整个句子)

? 1.限制性定语从句与先行词关系 A (A:密切 ;B:松散),是先行词 B (A:可缺少;B:不可 缺少)的部分, 去掉它,主句意思 A (A:不明 确;B: 明确.)翻译时,从句先译,“…的” ? 2.非限制性定语从句是对先行词的补充说明 ,去掉 B (A:会影响;B:不会影响)主句的意 思。翻译时,主句先译,从句单独成句.

限制性定语从句 表 意 功 能
与主句语意关系 紧凑 ___(紧凑/松散),定 不能 从___(不能/能)删除 修饰____

松散 与主句语意关系___, 能 定从___删除
修饰_____或 整个句子 _______ 逗 有____与主句分开 号

形 式

无____与主句分开 逗 号 使用时可以用that 引导

使用时不能用 that ____引导

Read the passage again and underline all the sentences with attributive clauses and the words or sentences they modify. 1. This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. 2. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey.

3. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make. 4. However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William I, to whom the Amber Room belonged, decided not to keep it. 5. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg, where she spent her summers. 6. In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted.

7. This was a time when the two countries were at war. 8. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for , which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. 9. In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city.
Restrictive: 2, 6, 7, 9 Non-restrictive: 1, 3, 4, 5, 8

1.I love the book (which )I bought

yesterday . 2. This gift was the Amber Room, which we gave this name because several tons of amber were used to make it.
? 关系代词在限制性定语从句中作____ 宾语 时可以省略。 ? 关系代词在非限制性定语从句中作宾语时不

可以____。 省略

3. A middle-aged woman killed her husband, which frightened me very much. 4. A five-year-old boy can speak two foreign languages, which surprises all of us. 大多数定语从句的先行词往往为某一个词 或短语, 而有时非限制性定语从句的先行 词也可为整个主句, 此时非限制性定语从 句常由 _____ 引导。 which

5.She has married again, which delighted us. 6.Spiders are not insects, as many people think. =(As many people think, spiders are not insects.)
as (译为 __________) 引导的非限制性定语从句 “正如……” 的位置比较灵活, 可位于所修饰的句子之后, 句 “这” 或 “这件事” 中或句首; 而由 which (译为 ________________)


7.This is the girl whom/who I met in the street. 8.A young man had a new girl friend, whom he wanted to impress. 关系代词 whom 在限制性定语从句中作宾 语时可用 ___代替,但在非限制性定语从 who whom 句中作宾语时只能用 ______来代替。

They discovered the underground city last month.

Here are the farmers.
Here are the farmers who discovered the underground city last month.

Hangzhou is a famous city in China.

Many people come to buy tea in that city. Hangzhou is a famous city in China, where
many people come to buy tea.

The woman remembered

the day.
She saw Nazis burying something near her home. The woman remembered the day when

she saw Nazis burying something near
her home.

St Petersburg is a very beautiful city. It was once called Leningrad.

St Petersburg is a very beautiful city, which was once called Leningrad.

The soldiers moved the boxes to a mine. They wanted to hide them. The soldiers moved the boxes to a mine, where they wanted to hide them.

Shaanxi Province is a place with many cultural relics.
They are well looked after. Shaanxi Province is a place where cultural relics are well looked after.

1. (必修1Unit4)But one million people of the city,________________________ ,were who thought little of these events asleep as usual that night. (think)但是那一夜, 上百万的人们像平常那样熟睡着,对这些事件 掉以轻心。 2. (必修1Unit4)The number of people_____ _____________________ who were killed and injured reached more than 400,000. (kill,injure)死伤人数达到40多万。

3.The place_____________________is very in which/where I grew up hot and damp in summer.(grow)我长大的那 个地方夏天又热又潮湿。 4.(必修1Unit4)Workers built shelters for
whose homes had been destroyed survivors_________________________.



(that) I had that 5.Mother was so proud of all__________ done

she rewarded me with a trip abroad.(do) 妈妈为我所做的事是多么的自豪的以至于奖 励我出国旅行。 As has been 6._________,this idea can never be put into already pointed out practice,otherwise it could bring us too much trouble.(point)正如已经指出的那样, 这种想法可能从未实施过,否则它会给我们 带来太多麻烦, from which no 7.(必修1 Unit5)It was a prison__________. one escaped (escape) 这是一座没有人能逃跑的监狱。


与主句语意关系 ___(紧凑/松散),定 表 紧凑 不能 意 从___(不能/能)删除

松散 与主句语意关系___, 能 定从___删除
修饰_____或 整个句子 _______ 逗 有____与主句分开 号

功 能


无____与主句分开 逗 号 形 使用时可以用that 式 引导

使用时不能用 that ____引导

Describe your school using at least 2 restrictive attributive clauses and 2 nonrestrictive attributive clauses.



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