1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The e____________ of the car won’t start. The defiant (大胆的) manner is c____________ of teenage
rs. There are many new s____________ discoveries every year. You’d better have your teech e____________ in hospital. I’m sure my information is ____________(有价值的). He came home ____________ (立即) after school. The bridge is under ____________ (建设). We need more ____________(积极的) evidence to prove his innocence. She is an ____________（热情的）admirer of the film star. She may be old, but she’s still in ____________ (控制) of all that is happening.
按要求写出所给词根的派生词。 （旨在储备语法填空所需的词汇） n. v. adj. 1. ____________ infect infectious 2. ____________ examine / science/3. ____________ / 4. ____________ 5. ____________ conclude / 6. ____________ analyze / 7. ____________ repeat repetitive/ repeated value value(评估，评价) 8. ____________(有价值) 9. ____________ instruct 10. ____________(有益 (导师)/instruction 的，教育性的) 11. ____________/ contribute contributive(有助的) contributor creation/12.____________ create 13. ____________ (创造力) calculation calculate / completion 14. ____________ completive(完成的，完全 的) 15. ____________(布告， announce / 通知)/ announcer enthusiasm / enthusiastic
重点短语梳理 1. put___________ 提出 2. _________ a conclusion 得出结论 3. in_________也；另外 4. ________...to...将...和...连接起来 5. _________ from 除...之外；此外 6. sth be to blame _____________ 7. know about ______________ 8. be_________ with 对某人严格要求 9. _________to 通向；导致 10. make _________有意义 11. point of_________态度；观点；看法 12. _________ with 对付；处理 13. 既不...也不... _________ 14. look into_________
话题：个人情况（personal information） 1. 根据中文提示，翻译下列问题： ⑴ ___________________________________(你什么时候出生？) ⑵ ___________________________________(你在哪出生？) ⑶ ___________________________________(你住哪？) ⑷ ___________________________________(你在哪个院校就读？) ⑸ ___________________________________(你觉得你是怎样的人？) ⑹ ___________________________________(你能够照顾好自己吗？) 2. 角色扮演：请与同位用上述问题做问答活动。角色 A：公司人事经理，了解 应聘者（角色 B）的个人情况。角色 B：应聘者，据实回答经理的提问。
㈠ 火眼金睛—选用方框中的词的适当形式完成下列篇章 absorb, put forward, contribute, strict, in addition, cautious, exposed, devote, make no sense, cautious Throughout history, scientists have made great 1. ________________ to the world. In my opinion, scientists are those who are 2. ________________ in their work and are always 3. ________________ in everything they do. A good scientist never jumps to a conclusion. Instead, he is 4. ________________ of every 5. ________________ he draws so that he does experiments again and again to test the theory he has 6. ________________. Scientists keep it in mind that a theory 7. ________________ if it can’t help the world that is 8. ________________ to unexpected dangers. 9. ________________, a good theory must be a base on which other ideas can be built. Because of this, it’s not rare for us to find scientists who 10. ________________ all their life to a universal theory. ㈡ 重点句型再现—根据中文意思，完成下列句子 1. 既不知道它的原因，也不知道它的治疗方法。 ___________ its cause, ____________ its cure was understood. 【句型提点】neither...nor...“既不...也不...”是连词词组，连接两个主语并表否
定含义。在连接主语时，谓语动词的数该用就近原则。 【联想】either...or...或者...或者...not only...but also...不仅...而且...both...and.. 即...又... 【即时练】 你和我都不是广州土生土长的。 _____________________________ 每次瘟疫爆发，数以千计的人在恐惧中死去。 So many thousands of terrified people died ______ ______there was an outbreak. 看来水是罪魁祸首。 It seemed that the water ______ ______ ______. 【句型提点】blame vt. 责备，归咎 be to blame (for...) 应当（为...）受到谴责；应当（为...）承担责任 注：该句型可以用于解释原因，for 后接结果。 【即时练】 那个司机应为这次交通事故负责。 ___________________________ 一位已经撤离了 Broad 的妇女特别喜欢那里的水，每天都要派人从水泵打水 运到家里来。 A woman, who had moved away from Broad Street, liked the water from the pump so much that she ______ it ______ to her house every day. 只有当你把太阳放在中心位置上，天空中其他星星的运动才能解释得清楚。 Only if you put the sun there ______ the movements of the other planets in the sky ______ sense.
1. 什么是表语？表语是构成英语基本句型 S+be+P 的重要组成部分， 在系动词后 构成“系表结构”。 观察下列例句，画出句子中的表语，并在括号中注明其属性（词性） ： ⑴ He is a hero in people’s minds. ( ) ⑵ That’s something we have to keep in mind. ( ) ⑶ She is 47 this year. ( ) ⑷ His hair has gone white. ( ) ⑸ The film is so interesting that the kids are all excited about it. ( ) ( ) ⑹ Her first job was selling computers. ( ) ⑺ The first thing we think of is to get first aid. ( ) ⑻ We must be off now. ( ) ⑼ She felt at ease. ( ) ⑽ My idea is that we should stick to your original plan. ( ) 【归纳】 通过观察我们可以知道表语位于__________后， 来说明___________语。 2. 现在分词与过去分词作表语的区别 分词 主要区别 例句 现在 多含有“令人......”之意，说明主语的性 It is astonishing to me that 质或特征，多表主动，且主语多为物。 he should be absent. 过去 一般表示被动或主语所处的状态，含有 I am astonished that he “感到......”的意思，主语多为人。 didn’t come. 说明：过去分词作表语，表示主语所处的状态，其前可用 very，much，quite， well 等副词修饰。 常用词汇：
astonishing/astonished, exciting/excited, moving/moved, interesting/ interested, disappointing/disappointed, surprising/surprised, frightening/frightened Example: What an __________ (excite) game! I’m really __________(interest) in it. 3. 过去分词作定语，表示被动（看先行词）或动作已经完成，相当于一个定语 从句。 I like the boy called Bob(=who is called Bob). 说明：called 所要修饰的对象是先行词_________，故构成_______动关系，相当 于一个包含_________语态的_______语从句 注：单个分词作定语位于先行词前；分词短语作定语位于先行词后。 如：an interesting story --- a story so interesting for kids fallen leaves --- leaves fallen to the ground 4. 现在分词与过去分词作定语的区别 分词 形式与位置 与被修饰词的逻辑关系 时态概念 现在 起形容词作用，相 表示动作与谓语动作 当 于 一 个 定 语 从 表示主动，含主谓关系 同时发生。 句。单个分词放在 即：主动+进行 所修饰词的前后 过去 表示动作发生在谓语 均可，分词短语要 表示被动，含动宾关系 动作之前，已完成。 后置 即： （被动）+完成 1. falling leaves (正在飘落的树叶，表主动+进行) a developing area = an area that is developing (发展中地区，) 例句 2. fallen leaves (已掉落的树叶，表完成) a developed area = an area that has been developed (发达地区) Example: This is one of the questions ___________(discuss) at the meeting yeaterday. 5. 现在分词与动名词形式一样，课本不作区分，但需明确-ing 动词既表动作（即 现在分词） ，又表性质，用途，内容（即动名词） 如：a living/dining/sitting/waiting room = a room for living/dining/sitting/waiting My hobby is swimming.
( ) 1. Most of the artists _________ to the party were from South Africa. (MET90) A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited ( ) 2. The first text books _________ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. (NMET94) A. having written B. to be written C. being written D. written ( ) 3. The Olympic games, _______ in 776 BC, didn’t include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing ( ) 4. Prices of daily foods _______ through a computer can be lower than prices in stores. (2002 年全国春) A. are bought B. bought C. been bought D. buying
( ) 5. Mr. Smith, ______ of the speech, started to read a _____novel. (2003 北京春) A. tired, boring B. tiring, bored C. tired, bored D. tiring, boring ( ) 6. Cleaning women in big cities usually get ______ by the hour. (NMET98) A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay ( ) 7. As we joined the big crowd I got ______ from my friends. (NMET2001) A. separated B. spare C. lost D. missed ( ) 8. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ______ as the plane was making a landing. (2004 上海) A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 9. Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, __________(know) as 3M. 10. From the dates __________ (mark) on the gold coin, we decided that it was made five hundred years ago. 11. It was so __________(puzzle) a question that the students all looked __________(pullze). 12. With __________ (fall) leaves buried in the earth every year, the soil becomes richer and richer. 13 Friendship is like money easier made than __________(keep). 14. Don’t use words, expressions or phrases __________ (know) only to people with specific knowledge. 15. The girl __________ (refer) to looks forward to buying a new gold watch. 16. The disc, digitally __________ (record) in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night.
八、语言综合素养（Shaping Language Skills）
㈠ 话题阅读—科普知识类 "Get your hands off me, I have been stolen," the laptop, a portable computer, shouted. That is a new solution to laptop computer theft: a program that lets owners give their property a voice when it has been taken. The program allows users to display alerts on the missing computer's screen and even to set a spoken message. Tracking software for stolen laptops has been on the market for some time, but this is thought to be the first that allows owners to give the thief a piece of their mind. Owners must report their laptop missing by visiting a website, which sends a message to the model: a red and yellow "lost or stolen" sign appears on its screen when it is started. Under the latest version（版本）of the software, users can also send a spoken message. The message can be set to reappear every 30 seconds, no matter how many times the thief closes it." One customer sent a message saying,' You are being tracked. I am right at your door'," said Carrie Hafeman, chief executive of the company which produces the program, Retriever. In the latest version, people can add a spoken message. For example, the laptop's speakers will say: "Help, this laptop is reported lost or stolen. If you are not my owner,
report me now." The Retriever software package, which costs $29.95 but has a free trial period, has the functions of many security software programs .Owners can remotely switch to an alternative password if they fear that the thief has also got hold of the access details. If a thief accesses the internet with the stolen laptop, Retriever will collect information on the internet service provider in use, so that the police can be alerted to its location. Thousands of laptops are stolen every year form homes and offices, but with the use of laptops increasing, the number stolen while their owners are out and about has been rising sharply. Other security software allows users to erase data remotely or lock down the computer. ( )1. The expression "to give the thief a piece of their mind "can be understood as "_______" A. to give the thief an alert mind B. to express the owners' anger to the thief C. to remind the thief of this conscience D. to make the thief give up his mind ( )2. Different from other security software, Retriever can _______ . A. record the stealing process B. help recognize the lost laptop C. lock down the computer remotely D. send a spoken message ( )3. One function of the program is that it allows the owner to______ at a distance. A. change some access details for switching on the laptop B. turn on the laptop by using the original password C. operate the laptop by means of and alternative password D. erase the information kept in the stolen laptop ( )4. Which of the following can best summarize the main idea of the passage? A. With no Retriever, thousands of laptops are stolen every year. B. A new soft ware provides a means to reduce laptop theft. C. Retriever has helped to find thieves and lost computers. D. A new program offers a communication platform with the thief. ㈡ 阅读达人（Reaing Strategies） 巧解主旨大意题 ◆方法点拨：金睛火眼干扰 关于文章主旨题特别注意的是：此类题的设题特点往往是题中有一、二个 选项是原文讲述的某个方面，诱惑不少考生以偏概全，误选答案。为避免这种错 误，同学们一定要牢记：一定要选择能涵盖全文含义的选项。 ◆活学活用 (2008 年佛山二模)There is a brown female Canadian duck that weighs only four hundred fifty grams.The duck had flown to the southern state of Florida for the winter.A hunter shot it on January fifteenth and took it to his home in the city of Tallahassee.He put it in the refrigerator．Two days later the man,s wife opened the refrigerator door.The duck lifted its head and looked at her.It was alive!
The family took the duck to a doctor who treats animals．The doctor gave the duck to the Goose Creek Animal Sanctuary．Animal sanctuaries provide homes for animals and teach people about their care. The doctor said it was easy to understand why people thought the duck was dead.He said ducks generally do not move a 1ot，especially after being shot．And he said its low body temperature helped it survive in the refrigerator. That was enough to make the duck famous around the world.The Tallahassee newspaper published the story that was re-printed in many different countries．But that was not the end of the story.Workers at the wildlife sanctuary named the duck Perky.And they arranged for the doctor to perform an operation to repair the duck,s damaged wing.During the operation,Perky stopped breathing—not just once but twice.The doctor tried to save Perky by giving her oxygen through a face mask.But he finally said the duck had died.A few seconds later,however,Perky began to move.Reports say the people in the operating room were so happy that they cried. Workers at the wildlife sanctuary say Perky will not have any more operations.It seems she had a bad reaction to the drugs that were used．Perky is expected to live at the sanctuary． And a local company has begun to sell T-shirts showing a picture of the lucky duck.Money from the sale of the shirts will help pay for Perky’s care. 根据所读短文，选择最佳选项。 1.The duck in the story_____________. A．flew to Florida for food B．was big and strong C．was considered dead before being put in the refrigerator D．stayed in the refrigerator to keep its body temperature low 2.The underlined word “ That ” in the fourth paragraph refers to the fact that_____________. A．the hunter shot the duck from Canada B．the hunter had saved the duck by freezing it C．the Tallahassee newspaper published the story D．the duck survived the shot and the cold in the refrigerator 3.Which of the following statements is TRUE? A．The hunter,s wife intended to free the duck in the refrigerator． B．Ducks do not move at all for the whole winter. C．The hunter shot the duck in the wing． D．Animal sanctuaries are homes specially for wounded animals． 4.It can be inferred from the passage that_____________． A．Perky likes Florida better than Canada B．it was illegal for the hunter to shoot the duck C．the local company will get large profits by selling the T-shirts D．the duck is likely to be well cared for in the sanctuary 5.What is the best title for the passage? A．Save the Duck B．The Lucky Duck C．Stop Killing Ducks D．The Poor Duck
九、考考你！ （Test Youself）
㈠ 用括号内所给的词的适当形式填空。 1. The __________ took a very __________ approach to __________. (science) 2. The __________ made a(n) __________ that all the details should __________ through the broadcast. (announce) 3. It is __________ and easy for the children to read some masterpieces with the __________ at the bottom of each page. (instruct) 4. “You don’t seem very __________ about the idea.” “I don’t mind,” she said, without much __________. (enthusiasm) ㈡ 选用短语的适当形式完成句子。 1. The police are ________________ the records of all those involved in the crime. 2. He felt that he ____________________ for the serious car accident. 3. From your _________________, this may be important, but from mine it is not. 4. I have __________________ that it would be unwise to accept the proposal. 5. _________________them, I had no other ones to talk to. 6. Too much work and too little rest often __________________ illness. ㈢ 语法填空 John Snow was born and worked 1. __________ a doctor in Great Britain. He was originally an anaesthetist (麻醉师). He also began to experiment 2. __________ drugs to help women when they had babies. That is 3. __________ he became the doctor for Queen Victoria at the births of her many children. At the time he lived, cholera was the most 4. __________ (dead) disease in the country. There were four outbreaks of cholera in the 1830s and 1840s, 5. __________ killed many thousands of people in the industrial cities of England. John Snow believed that cholera came from drinking 6. __________ (pollute) water. Before 1854, John Snow published a paper which 7. __________ (put) forward the theory that polluted water spread cholera but it did not attract much attention. Then in 1854 he was able to prove that his theory was correct. He found an outbreak of cholera and studied its effects 8. __________ a small neighborhood. He gathered information about the drinking habits of the people and used it to justify his theory. He was important, 9. __________ he was the first person to gather information in a 10. __________ (science) way about a disease in order to find its cause.
根据括号内的提示将下列句子翻译成英语，并力求准确背诵，默写。 1. 看起来一些自然灾害应归咎于全球变暖。 （seem; be to blame for） _________________________________________________________________ 2. 专家提出的计划得到了政府的认可。 （put forward;） _________________________________________________________________ 3. 只有集中精力在学习上，你才能获得进步。 （only if...; be absorbed in） _________________________________________________________________ 4. 每次试着去办公室找他，我总是被告知他在开会。 （every time）
_________________________________________________________________ 5. 别在太阳下晒得太久，否则你会被晒伤。 （expose...to） _________________________________________________________________
如何用英语“拍马屁” （How to make a compliment） 一说到“拍马屁” ，大家都会觉得有点反感吧？但是，适时、适当的赞美可 是会在人际交往中起到意想不到的效果，只要不是阿谀奉承，拍拍马屁也并非全 无是处。下面就来教您几句“拍马屁”的话。
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
Wow 哇！ （叫绝声） Way to go. 就该这么做。 （加油！ ） Super! 好极了！ You’re special. 你真不一般。 Outstanding! 真不错！ Excellent! 好极了！ Great. 真棒！ Good. 很好。 Neat! 真整洁！ Well done! 干得好！ Remarkable! 非常棒！ I knew you could do it. 我知道你能做到的。 I’m proud of you. 我为你骄傲。 Fantastic! 太奇妙了！ Super star! 超级明星啊！ Nice work. 干得好。 Looking good. 看上去不错。 You’re on top of it. 你是数一数二的。 Beautiful! 美极了！ Now you’re flying. 现在你正在飞速进步。
2. characteristic 3. scientific 7.construction 4. Examined 8.positive 4.scientific 8.valuable 12.creativity 3.in addition
5. valuable 6.immediately 9.enthusiastic 10.control
2.examination=exam 3.scientist 7.repetition 11.contribution 15.annoucement
5.conclusion 6.analysis 9.instructor 10.instructive 13.creative 14.complete
4.link...to... 7.了解 11.point of view
2.draw/make/come to a conclusion 5. Apart from 8.be strict with 12.deal with
6.......是罪魁祸首 9.lead to 10.make sense 13.neither...nor... 14.调查 ⑵ Where were you born?
四、⑴ When were you born?
⑶ Where do you like? ⑷ Which university are you in? ⑸ What do you think of yourself? ⑹ Do you think you are able to take care of yourself?
㈠ 1.contributions 2.strict 3.absorbed 4.cautious 5.conclusion 6.put forward 7.makes no sense 8.exposed 9.In addition 10.devote ㈡ 1. Neither, nor; 【即时练】Neither you nor I was born in Guangzhou. 2.every time; 3.was to blame; 【即时练】The driver was to blame for this traffic accident. 4.had...delivered; 5.did...make;
六、1. ⑴ a hero (名词)
⑵ something (代词) ⑶ 47(数词) ⑷ white (形容词) ⑸ interesting,excited(现在分词)(过去分词) ⑹ selling computers (动名词) ⑺ to get first aid (动词不定式) ⑻ off(副词)
⑼ at ease (介词短语) ⑽ that we should stick to your original plan. (从句) 连系动词，主 2. exciting；excited 3.the boy；被；被动；定语 4.discussed
1-8A D C B A C A C 12.fallen 13.kept 9.known 10.marked 11.puzzling; puzzled 14.known 15.referred 16.recorded
㈠ 1.B 2.D 3.A 4.B ㈡ 1-5 C D C D B 温馨提示：第五题考查文章主旨，许多学生容易误选 A，但 A 只是文章的一个 细节。纵观全文，文章主要讲述鸭子受伤，并在冰箱中奇迹般地幸存 下来。在修复翅膀的手术中两次停止呼吸，但最终还是康复了。所有 这些都说明这只鸭子非常“幸运” ，B 才是最佳选项。
九、㈠ scientist;scientific; science;
announcer; announcement; be announced instructive; instructions enthusiastic; enthusiasm; ㈡1. looking into; 2.was to blame 3.point of view 4.drawn a conclusion 5.Apart from/ In addition to; 6.leads to ㈢ 1.as 2.with 3.why 4.deadly 5.which 6.polluted 7.had put 8.on 9.because 10.scientific
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. It seems that global warming could be to blame for the natural disasters. The project put forward by experts has been accepted by the government. Only if you are absorbed in your study can you make progress. Every time I try to visist him in his office I’am told he is in a meeting. Don’t expose yourself to the sun for too long or you will get sunburned.
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