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1 Unit 16 Scientists at work


Unit 16

Scientists at work 蒋勋建 基础落实

Ⅰ.重点单词思忆
1.Many people do not like the idea of

experiments (试验) on animals.
2.Being tall gave him an advantage (

优势) over the other players.

3.It proved the rescue was successful(成功的).
4.People are angry with the terrorists’ cruel (残酷的) deeds. 5.At the end of the meeting the president drew a conclusion (结论).

Ⅱ.考纲词汇拓展
1.application n.应用;请求→ apply v.应用;请
求→ applied adj.应用的→ applicant n.申请 人,求职者 2. engine n.发动机→ engineer n.工程师 → engineering n.工程学 3. economy n.经济→ economic adj.经济上的 → economics n.经济学→ economical adj.经济 的;节约的;省时的

4. comfort n.& v.舒适;安慰→comfortable adj.舒
适的→ comfortably adv.舒适地;安逸地

5.electric adj.电的→ electrical adj.与电有关 的→ electricity 使带电 n.电→ electrify v.使通电;

6. sharp adj.锐利的→ sharply adv.急剧地 → sharpen v.磨快→ sharpness n.锋利

Ⅲ.重要短语识记
1.a number of 若干;一些 2.a great deal 3.pick out of 很多的,大量的 挑出;辨别出

4.test

on 在??(身上)做试验

5.in one’s opinion 以某人的观点 6. make full use of充分利用 7. close to 接近,靠近 8.be able to 能够

9.tie ...to...把??系到??上

10. fasten ...to...把??捆在?? 11. protect ...from...保护??;使??不受伤害 12. come on 接近;跟我来;快点来 13.be used to 习惯于??;被用做??

14.a waste of ??的浪费
15.take care (of)小心;当心

能力转化

(1)How much do you charge (要价) for a room
with a bath? (2)They charged (索要) me five dollars for a cup of coffee. (3)He charged ( 指 责 ) me with being

irresponsible. (4)Miss Yang is in charge of (主管) our class.
(5)Class 5 is in the charge of (管理) Mr.Zhu.

tear sth.open把??撕开/扯开 tear sth.from/off/out of sth.将??从??上撕 下/分开 tear sth.into pieces把??撕碎 (2)in tears哭着?? burst into tears突然放声大哭起来

能力转化 (1)The boy couldn’t B the parcel but he it open to get the B.tore at;tear D.tore up;tear away

present out.
A.tore;tear C.tore from;tear of 解析

tear at sth.撕扯某物,强调动作;

tear sth.把某物撕开,强调结果。

(2)她恋恋不舍地望着他。 She was unable to tear her eyes away from him .

(3)他听着音乐,眼睛里噙着泪水。
As he listened to the music, his eyes filled with tears .
.

能力转化 (1)He is in of him. B control of the company. control I mean,the company is in

A.the;/
C.the;the 解析

B./;the
D./;/

?某人控制某东西?应用sb.be in

control of sth.;“某东西被某人控制?应用 sth.be in the control of sb.。

(2)The people began to break the windows,

but the police soon had the situation
C A.take C.under control. B.in D.beyond

[巧学助记]

能力转化
(1)When you touch his body,you have a sense of fear (恐惧感). (2) There is no sense (没有意义) in learning this kind of language.

(3)You should have had enough sense
to turn off the electricity supply before disconnecting the wires.

(常识)

(4)She sensed
thinking.

(了解) what her husband was

能力转化

(1)It was so dark in the cinema that I
could hardly A.turn out D my friend. B.bring out

C.call out
解析

D.pick out

句意为:电影院里太黑了,我几乎找不

到我的朋友。pick out(在许多人、东西当中) 看出??,辨别出??;turn out结果 是??,证明是??;bring out取出来,使

出现;call out大声喊叫。根据题意D项正确。

能力转化
Help others whenever you can A.and 解析 B.or C.unless A D.but you will make the world a nicer place to live in. 此处构成?祈使句+and+陈述句?结构。

能力转化 (1)毫无疑问,他们在这件事上会同意你的意见的。 There is no doubt that they will agree with you on this matter. (2)他们的足球队会不会赢得这场比赛还不能肯定。 There is some doubt whether their football team will win the match.

(3)我相信他能按时完成任务。 I don’t doubt that he can finish the task on
time.

(4)他不敢肯定她是否会遵守诺言。
He doubts if she will keep her word.

考题回扣
【例1】The Science Museum, A we visited during a recent trip to Britain,is one of London’s tourist attractions. (江苏高考) A.which B.what C.that D.where 解析 which引导非限制性定语从句,指代先行词 the Science Museum,同时又在从句中作visited 的宾语;where为关系副词,不能作宾语;that不 能引导非限制性定语从句;what不能引导定语从 句。 课文原文 This ribbon, which must not get wet,will protect you from the electricity.

【例2】It is worth considering what makes

“convenience” foods so popular, and
C better ones of your own.(北京高考) B.to introduce D.introduced A.introduces C.introducing 解析

本题句意为?值得考虑一下什么使得‘方

便’食品这么受人欢迎,并且介绍一下你自己比较
喜欢的那些‘食品’?。and连接consider与 introduce,故introduce也要用v.?ing形式作为

worth的宾语使用。

【例3】Dogs have a very good in an earthquake. A.sense C.means 解析 B.view D.idea

A

of smell

and are often used to search for survivors
(浙江高考)

a sense of smell嗅觉。句意为:狗嗅觉

灵敏,经常被用来搜寻地震中的幸存者。
课文原文 Blind animals may survive by their sharp sense of smell.

【例4】Nancy enjoyed herself so much
year. A.that C.when 解析 B.which D.where

C she visited her friends in Sydney last (福建高考)

句意为:Nancy去年在悉尼拜访朋友时玩得

很开心。when引导时间状语从句。本题干扰性最 强的是A项,so...that引导结果状语从句,但根

据语境,这里并没有因果关系的含义。
课文原文 When the kite and the string are wet from

the rain,they will conduct the electricity
very well.

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.我拿不准明天他是否会来上学。(doubt) I doubt if/whether he will come to attend school tomorrow. 2.他证明了自己是一个有经验的司机。(prove) He proved himself to be an experienced driver. 3.发现教室里空无一人,李华才意识到他来得太早 了。(having done)

Having found nobody in the classroom,Li Hua realised he arrived much too early.

4.你送我去机场要多少钱?(charge) How much do you charge for sending me to the airport? 5.无论如何,我们应该充分利用每一个机会练习讲 英语。(make use of) Anyway,we should make full use of every opportunity to practise speaking English.

Ⅳ.单项填空
1.Mr.Blake is well?known in the school because of his good A.sense B.emotion 解析 A of humor. D.thought C.feeling

a sense of humor幽默感。句意为:Blake

先生因为很有幽默感,所以在学校很出名。

2.My doctor,who is kept

C

the nurse,has

ill since last week. A.in the charge of;fallen B.in charge of;been C.in the charge of;been D.in charge of;fallen 解析 依据时间状语since last week,排除A、D 项,因为瞬间动词fall不能与一段时间状语连用

be kept in the charge of sb.一直处在某人的
看管下。

3.I don’t doubt one.

A

the plan will be

carried out well because it’s a reasonable

A.that
解析

B.whether

C.why

D.when

在疑问句或否定句中,doubt后面的从句要

用that引导。句意为:我相信这个计划会顺利实 施,因为它很合理。

4.It is no good trying to break into the door made of iron and steel,because it won’t A .

A.work
解析

B.use

C.practice

D.affect

work起作用,有效。

5.On the visit,Johnson time. A.behaved

C

a most

interesting guide.We all had a wonderful
B.practiced

C.proved
解析

D.conducted

prove被证明是,后接to be+adj./n.结

构,且to be可省略。

6.He is in

B

control of the company.I

mean the company is in
A./;/ C.the;the 解析 B./;the D.the;/

control of

him.You’d better ask for his permission.

从后文提示?你最好得到他的许可。?可

知?他控制着公司?,即?公司在他的控制之
中?。因此第一空不需冠词,第二空需填定冠词 the。即:sb.be in control of sth.?sth.be

in the control of sb. 。

7.—Have you department.

A

any information? the business B.picked out;call on D.received;drop in

—No,I’m going to A.picked up;call at C.got;call on

解析

考查动词短语辨析。pick up information

了解情况;call at the business department去 /拜访某处。drop in at+地点?拜访某处?。 call on或drop in on sb.拜访某人。据此排除其 他三项,搭配不对。

8.The visiting Minister expressed his
satisfaction with the talks, C had enjoyed his stay here. A.having added C.adding B.and to add D.and adding that he

解析

逗号前是一个完整的句子,之后的动词应

用非谓语动词。adding表主动,发生在句子的谓 语动词之后。

9.Put yourself in situations where you will

be faced to communicate in English, D you
will see more progress over time. A.or B.so C.yet D.and

解析

句意为:把你放在你只能用英语交流的环

境中,那么过一段时间你就会取得更大进步。本 句考查?祈使句+and+陈述句?这个句型,但祈使 句中有一个由where引导的定语从句作situations 的定语,从而增加了此题的难度。

10.We have got a bird’s A.view B.sight

A

of the D.scenery

football stadium from our office window. C.scene

解析

a bird’s view鸟瞰。

11.They began to consider
it. A.what;make of

B

use could

B.what;be made of

C.how;make of
解析

D.how;be made of

make use of利用,使用,其中use为名词。

该题consider后面为宾语从句,第一个空应由 what作定语修饰use;因宾语从句的主语为what use,所以第二个空应用被动语态。

12.A cup of hot coffee on a snowy night is B . A.real comfortable C.real comforts B.a real comfort D.real comfort

解析

comfort多作不可数名词,但当?给予慰藉

的东西,令人舒服的事物?讲时,是可数名词。

13.It is necessary to
A.control 解析 B.manage

A

the number of
D.conduct

people crowding into the big cities. C.operate control控制,掌握,操纵;manage经

营,管理;operate操作;做手术;conduct进 行;实施。根据句意应选A项。句意为:有必要 控制涌进这些大城市的人口数量。

14.

C

for quite a few days,he had to go B.Falling ill D.To be ill

to hospital for further treatment. A.Being ill C.Having been ill

解析

分词的逻辑主语和主句一致,而且be ill

这个动作在go to hospital之前发生,故用现在 分词的完成式作状语。

15.He bought

B

books from that bookshop. B.a great many D.a large amount of

A.a large number C.a good deal of 解析

?a great many+可数名词复数?,意为

?许多的,大量的?。a large number后与of连 用,可表示?大量的,许多的?之意。a good deal of与a large amount of后接不可数名词。

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