1. send electronic cards instead of paper ones at New Year’s time. 随着互联网的发展，越来越多的人更趋向于新年时使用电子贺卡来代替纸的贺卡。 2. , people should pay more attention about it. 在我看来，人们应该更加留意。 3. m
any people prefer to walk because it has a the Internet,
role in our healthy life. 如今人们更喜欢走路因为它在我们的健康生活中扮演着很重要的角 色。 4. But 面性。 5. is that these animals are in danger. 其中一个很重要的缺点是这些动物处于危险之中。 6. Living in the city has both 住在城市有好处也有不好的地方。 7. , “ You are only young once.” .you can’t be young anymore. 俗话说“年轻不再” 8. , about 78.9% of the college stude . . 但是，任何事情都有两
nts wanted to further their study after their graduation. 根据最近的一项统计调查显示，大约 78.9%的大学生毕业后想继续深造。 9. from politeness and respect for others. 我们可以得出一个结论,好的举止来自于好的礼貌习惯和对别人的尊重。 ▼评分标准 ◆概括 1. 完全不理解，照抄原文(0 分) 2. 死板机械地抄，不改变原文顺序(1 分) 3. 改变主语或宾语的抄为主(2 分) (灵活地抄) good manners arise
4. 稍为改动总体的抄(3 分) 5. 改变句子、用词，重新排列组织(4—5 分) (字数不特别要求) ◆自主写作(120 字) 1. 感想，语言，内容，连贯性； 2. 语言为主, 内容的相关部分，综合考虑连贯； 3. 首先看语言是否合格； 4. 内容：读后感； 5. 用了阅读理解中的素材不算抄袭； 6. 内容偏离的时候以语言为主。 ▼答题指导 1. 明确任务：写作要求中细分了若干个小任务，要先看清楚具体的任务要求，并在头 脑中对所有的任务有个通盘的考虑，同时明确中心任务。 2. 概括主旨：即认真阅读材料，概括材料的主旨——将与任务要求密切相关的内容，用 简洁的语言准确地“重组”出来，完成任务一。注意：要用自己的语言“重组”与任务相关 的主要内容， 不要抄袭阅读材料中的句子； 同时要注意使表述的信息要与原文材料的内容一 致。 3. 发表看法：即发表自己的观点或看法，并用实例或其它论述方法支持你的观点，完成 其它任务。注意其内容的合理性以及与阅读材料的联系，尽量顺着阅读材料的“文脉”来组 织材料。 4. 最后检查：写完后，检查文章，注意文章是否通顺，任务是否落实。适当调整文章的 谋篇布局，做到观点鲜明，内容连贯，层次清楚 ▼30 字概括文章内容方法 1、使用意义相同或相近的单词、短语或句式，或使用不同的句子结构表达同一意思， 如改变语态、肯定变否定等，避免抄袭原文句子。 2、议论性或论说文，概括时则要尽可能客观简要地转述阅读材料的观点。 概括对方观 点首先是要转换视角，即以“第三人称”或“无人称”来概括。 3、如果给的阅读材料是一则故事，应该用最简练的语言来说明故事讲述了什么，不能 拖泥带水讲细节，而且最好讲出故事给你的启示或其中的一个道理。 4、如果是说明性或描述性短文，就必须用概括性的文字说明一现象。
法的要求来确定。如，要求你“以约 120 词谈谈你理想的大学生活” ，那么所阅读的文章的 主题词就应是“college/university life” 。 2、 确定主题句 。文章的主题句首先可通过所给阅读材料的标题来确定,阅读材料的
标题即是文章的论点或主题句。没有标题的文章，我们就尤应注意议论文、夹叙夹论文和说 明文的第一段（总起段）和最后一段（总结段） ，或每一段的第一句或第二句（总起句）和 最后一句（总结句） 。没有主题句的需要自己组合。 3、 重构主题句 。概括的主题句要归纳总结性强，能涵盖后面所有的支撑句的内容。 4、 重组支撑句 。支撑句的意义在逻辑上受制于主题句，可以是补充过程或者提供证 据。
应对策略 a．仔细阅读全文 b．找出关键词（句） c．理清关键词（句）间的关系
1、read the passage carefully and find some key words/sentences in it.
Learning to study is not difficult. The first thing to remember is that you must be willing to learn. It doesn’t mean that you must always like the subject. It does mean, however, that you must be willing to learn whatever is necessary. Try to understand why it is important and how it will help you now and later. Knowing mathematical facts will be useful in your whole life. Knowing how to spell words makes any kind of writing easier. Sometimes the subject that you think is going to be uninteresting will be attractive when you begin to work on it. Learning things can be fun if you can try your best.
Here’s some advice for you. Have a certain time each day and a quiet place with good lighting for study, so that you can concentrate on your study without interruptions. Have everything ready before you sit down to study, a dictionary, paper, a pen and books. Be sure you understand what you should learn before you start. Read carefully and pay special attention to the most important things. When memorizing, find out the main parts and then recite the whole thing. Check your homework after you finish it. Never forget the importance of review and preview.
该短文分为两个自然段，第一段的第一个句子提出观点：Learning to study is not difficult. 第一段的其余部分都是在阐述分析该观点的前提条件。于是，在这一部分提炼主 要意思并用"if"连接起来就是第一自然段的段落大意：The writer tells us that learning to study is not difficult if we are willing to learn and enjoy it. 第二段非常明显，第一个句子 即是本段的主题句。其余部分是具体内容，应删减。但应提醒学生不可照搬，应该用自己的 语言换一种说法，如：He also gives us advice on how to learn well.然后把两个自然段的 大意归并一起，得出短文的大意：The writer tells us that learning to study is not difficult if we are willing to learn and enjoy it. He also gives us advice on how to learn well 最后， 在概括准确、 全面的标准上， 让学生互相交流， 感受多种表达， 比如： the author’ In s opinion, if you are willing to learn and try your best, you’ll find learning not difficult but fun. And some suggestions are put forward to help us to learn well.
2、Express the main idea of the passage in our own words using about 30 words
Many people go to school for an education. They learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and math. Others go to school to learn a skill so that they can make a living. School education is very important and useful. Yet no one can learn everything from school. A teacher, no matter how much he knows, can not teach his students everything they want to know. The teacher’s job is to show his students how to learn. He teaches them how to read and how to think. Much more is to be learned outside school by the students themselves. It is always more important to learn to study by oneself than to learn every word from the book. Great scientists, such as Einstein, Newton and Galileo, didn’t get everything from school. But they were all so successful. The reason for their success is that they knew how to study. They worked hard all their lives, wasting not a single
moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of experiments.
Express the main idea of the passage in our own words using about 30 words
2、 概 括 范 例 一 ： Schools are the important place where people can get knowledge and skills. However, teachers’ job is not to teach students everything but to show them how to learn by themselves. Many great scientists succeeded because they knew how to self-study and use knowledge in practice. 概 括 范 例 二 ： Schools are the important place where people can get knowledge and skills. However, teachers’ job is not to teach students everything but to show them how to learn by themselves. Many great scientists succeeded because they knew how to self-study and use knowledge in practice. ▼概括的形式： “主题句+支撑句” 即“主题+主题的什么”
文体 议论文 记叙文 说明文
主题句 文章论点（一句） 故事的写作目的/ 主题（一句） 说明的对象/ 观点/ 现象
支撑句 文章论据（两三句） 故事大意（两三句） 解释/ 分述
记叙文 “主题 + 故事简述” ，其主要句型为：
The passage mainly tells / emphasizes / focuses on ……
议论文： “主题 / 论点 + 论据” 其主要句型为： ，
论点 / 主题：The article mainly conveys the idea / discusses the problem / reasons / ways / ideas, 论据： For example, / such as…
说明文： “主题 + 解释 / 分述” 其主要句型为： ，
主题：The article points out / talks about / tells about the common phenomenon that…… 解释 / 分述：for example……
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Hi, I am Mike. I just went through my first year of college. The toughest part on me at first was the general adjustment. I went to a very small high school where my mom was a teacher and she did practically everything for me. But at the college I needed to know some basic life skills, such as balancing a check-book, laundry, and the things you have to be able to handle that I never thought of in the high school! It was really tough for me at first and I got badly homesick. Once that first semester was over and I got used to the college life, I loved it — good facilities, helpful instructors, and a good library. The Students’ Union organizes various parties every week. I also go to cinemas and concerts, and often spend Saturday nights in pubs and clubs. One thing I think is important is to get you active in things. I was on the dance team in college and met a ton of people that way ··· it was so much easier to make friends when you had a common ground. [写作内容] 学校最近组织了一次中美学生交流活动，你参加其中的“大学校园生活”讨论。听完 Mike 的发言之后，你准备写一份发言稿，题目是 “ Preparing Myself for College Life ”， 内容要点包括： 1. 以约 30 个词概括 Mike 的发言要点； 2. 然后以约 120 个词谈谈你理想的大学生活，内容包括： (1)、对中学生活的感受； (2)、理想的大学生活； (3)、中学生活和大学生活的差别，以及你打算如何适应。 [写作要求] 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得 直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
因为写作内容中已规定了你将进行的演讲的标题 “Preparing Myself for College Life”， 而且还要求以 120 个词谈谈你理想的大学生活，所以，毫无疑问，此阅读材
料的关键词为“College Life”。而此阅读材料主要表述 Mike 对大学生的看法或认识， 是一篇夹叙夹议型的发言稿。此发言稿共有三段，其中，第一段讲述了适应大学生活的 困难，第二段则阐述了适应期过后大学生活的优点，在第三段中 Mike 对大学生活提出 了一个建议。而且，我们不难从文中找到主题句：第一段：The toughest part on me at first was the general adjustment.第二段：Once that first semester was over and I got used to the college life, I loved it.第三段：One thing I think is important is to get yourself active in things. 找到主题句后，我们所要做的就是用自己的 语言将这些每段话的主题句串联成文，从而我们得出如下概括：
In his talk, Mike talks about how hard it was for him to adjust to college life and that he finds college life interesting after his tough adjustment. Also, he advises college students to be active on campus. (37 words)
Part1 I．．．．has both advantages and disadvantages．……既有利又有弊。例如： 1. Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages． 2. Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages． 3. Com pared with cars，bikes have their advantages and disadvantages． 举一反三： 1．Although computers bring people a lot of convenience，they have many disadvantages． 2． ． has many advantages． example， ． However， as every coin has two sides， ． has ．． For ．． just ．． its disadvantages． II．．．．play（s）an important role ／part in．．．……在……中扮演重要角色／起重 要作用。例如： 1．Computers play an important role in science and technology． 2．Computers play a more and more important role in our life． 举一反三：
1．Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life． 2． the past， In letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication． now ， But telephone， email，fax have taken their place． III．With the development of．．．，随着……的发展，例如： 1．With the development of our economy，m any Chinese families can afford a car． 2．With the development of our economy and society，pollution is more and more serious． 3．With the rapid development of science and technology，people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home． Ⅳ.表示看法 1)People have(take，adopt，assume)different attitudes towards sth. 2) People have different opinions on this problem. 3) Opinions are divided on the question. 4) Some people believe that...Others argue that... Ⅴ表示结论 1)In short，it can be said that... 2)From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that ... 3) In general/ Above all, / As a result, / 4) If all above mentioned measures are achieved… 5) Now, which one do you prefer--- the one…or the one…? Were it left to me to select, I should not hesitate a moment to choose the former / latter. Ⅵ.表示原因 1) There are three reasons for this. 2) The reasons for this are as follows. 3) The reason for this is that...
Ⅶ.表示好处和坏处 1) It has the following advantages. 2) It does us a lot of good. 3) It benefits us quite a lot. 4) It is beneficial to us. 5) It has more disadvantages than advantages. 6) It does us much harm. 7) It is harmful to us. Ⅷ.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 1)It is important (necessary，difficult，convenient， possible) for sb.to do sth. 2) We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life. Ⅸ.表示事实、现状 1) We cannot ignore the fact that... 2) No one can deny the fact that... 3) There is no denying the fact that... 4) It is obvious that…/ obviously… Ⅹ.表示比较 1)Compared with A，B... 2) I prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.. Ⅺ.表示数量 1) The number of … has increased (decreased) from...to...
Part 2 其他常用句型 Ⅰ.主题 1).Currently, there is a widespread / serious concern over ? 2).It is universally acknowledged that? 3). I am greatly convinced that… 4). As far as I am concerned … 5). of all the people I know, perhaps none deserves my respect more than … 6). Nothing in the world can delight me so much as … 7) … cannot be overemphasized 8) As an old saying goes (runs, says), "…" = an old saying goes, "…"
Ⅱ过渡与转折 1).Each coin has two sides. 2) On the contrary? 3) ? but this was not always the case. 4) Firstly ? secondly? last but not the least 5) ? remind me of? 6) For some, the way maybe right, nevertheless, for many others? Ⅲ.并列 1). First?besides, in addition? what’s more 2).For one thing?, for another?
3) Different people have different attitudes towards?, some believe that? others, however, argue that? still others maintain that? 4) Some people like a due to ? However, there are many young people, including me, especially like B. Ⅳ.强调 1) The reason why? is that ? 2) It is high time to do/ that immediate measures were taken to ? 3) What I want to point out is that 任务型写作万能模板 观点对比 Some people believe / think / realize /argue that people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that think that 1 论据３ 批驳： Many people argue that 点的进一步解释。 But if we consider it in depth, we will feel that it is wrong to are as follows: First, In addition, In short, we 社会现象： Nowadays, there are more and more … in some big cities. It is thought that 说明 XX 现象. 用具体数据 论据３ 总结观点 ． 论据１ 错误观点 。The reasons 错误观点 。By saying that, they mean 对这个观 . For another,论据２ . In a word, we should 观点１ 观点 2 ．But other ．As for me, I 论据 ． Last but not the least, 总结观点／表决心．
.The reasons are obvious. For one thing,
. What’s more ,
论据 2 .
Why have there been so many…? Maybe the reasons are as follows. The first one is that 原因一 . Besides, 原因二 . The third reason is 原因三 .
In fact, it has had a bad effect on …. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing , 解决建议一 . For another , 解决建议二 .
Only in this way can we ….
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