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1 Unit 19 Modern agriculture


Unit 19

Modern agriculture 基础落实

Ⅰ.重点单词思忆
1.There are various techniques (方法) that have to be learned before one can do the job properly. 2.The United States imports

(进口) sugar from Cuba. 3. Shortage (匮乏) of skilled workers is our main difficulty. 4.These plans must be modified (修改) if they are to be used successfully. 5.It sounds like a good idea,but there are some practical (实际的) difficulties.

Ⅱ.考纲词汇拓展

1. produce n.产量;产物;农产品→ product (同义 词)→ produce vt.生产→ productive adj.生产
的;多产的→ production n.生产 2. technique n.技术,技巧;方法→ technology n. 科技→ technical adj.技术的,技术上的 3.irrigation n.灌溉;冲洗→ irrigate v.灌溉 4. import n.进口;引入;进口货;vt.& vi.进口; 输入→ export (反义词)

5. practical adj.实际的;实践的;实用的
→ practice n.& v.实践;练习

Ⅲ.重要短语识记
1.have good/bad effects on sb./sth.对某人/某
物有(好的/坏的)影响 2.in early times 在早期;在早些年代 3.go against nature违背自然 4.take/make notes of记下;记笔记

5.year after year年年;每年
6.be brought in from abroad从国外引入 7.be harmful to 对??有害 8.in other words换句话说 9.on one’s way to在去??的途中 10.depend on high technology依靠高科技

导练互动
重点单词 1.produce
How has agricultural produce changed during these years? ?观察思考 Canada produces good wheat. 加拿大出产优质小麦。 (回归课本P43)

The wine bottle was marked “Produce of
Spain”. 酒瓶上注明“西班牙出产”。

归纳拓展 生产;制造;创造; produce词性: v. & n. 意思: 产物;农产品 produce cars生产/制造汽车 produce a novel写一部小说 produce a film拍摄一部电影 productive workers/farmers高效工作者/高产农民

拓展辨析
produce,product,production (1)produce不可数名词,“农产品,自然产品”的 总称。 (2)product可数名词,表示“产物,产品”,多指

工业产品,也可指其他的体力或脑力劳动所生产的
东西。 (3)production不可数名词,表示生产制作的行为、 过程或结果,特指艺术作品或文学作品(可数名词), 还表示 “产量”。

能力转化
用product,production,produce填空 (1)We can buy farm produce years. on the market. (2) Production has increased in the last ten

(3)This book is one of the writer’s latest productions .
(4)This novel is the product of ten years of labour.

2.practical
Jia Sixie’s book is a practical guide to
farming. ?观察思考 It is certain that there are some practical difficulties on the way to success. (回归课本P48)

在通往成功的路上显然会有很多实际困难。
His invention is quite practical. 他的发明很实用。

归纳拓展
practical词性: adj. 意思: 实际的;实践的;实 用的 practical activities实践活动 practical work实际工作

a practical question现实问题
the practical value实际价值 a practical teacher经验丰富的教师

a practical mind注重实际的头脑
practise doing sth.练习做某事 put...in/into practice付诸实践

能力转化 (1)在处理问题的时候我们必须实事求是。 We must be practical when dealing with problems.

(2)熟能生巧。 Practice makes perfect.
.

3.condition
If the condition of your soil is not

good,you should improve it.(回归课本P48)
?观察思考 Ability is one of the conditions of success

in life.
能力是人生成功的条件之一。 The condition of my health prevents me from working. 我的健康状况不允许我工作。

归纳拓展 状况;状态;情况;环 condition词性: n. 意思: 境(常用复数);地位;身份 be in good condition (=be in a good state) (人)健康状况好;(东西)保存/保养得好 out of/in bad condition (人)身体不适;(物)

保养得不好
working/living conditions工作/生活条件 in/under favourable conditions在有利的形势下

on no condition决不
on condition that...(相当于so long as或if) 只要;如果 on this/that condition在这种/那种条件下

能力转化 (1)包装完好无损。 The package is in good condition . (2)你决不能把发生的事情告诉他。

You must on no condition tell him what
happened. =On no condition must you tell happened. (3)你要穿上外衣才能出去。 him what

You can go out on condition that you wear an
overcoat.

4.remove
Before sowing or planting crops,you must
clean rough ground and remove weeds. (回归课本Ps49~50) ?观察思考 Students removed several desks to another

classroom.
学生们把几张书桌搬到另外一间教室去了。 The old paint will have to be removed first.

必须先把旧油漆去掉。

归纳拓展 移动;搬开;去掉;把?? remove词性:vt. 意思: 免职 remove sth.from sth.从??取出/拿出

be removed from被拿开;与??远离
(1) be removed from school被开除/勒令退学 remove weeds除草 remove all doubts消除一切怀疑 remove oneself走开,离去`

remove作“移动”解时,与move可换用,但它还可 指撤职或开除学籍等。 move指从一处到另一处的任何距离的转移;常用于 (2)

move about (around) 不停移动,四处运动;move
away搬走;离开;move on 不停留,继续进行等搭 配中。 transfer一般表示转送或移交迁移,尤其指交通运 输中的换乘或职务的调动等。

能力转化 (1)搬那架钢琴用了三个人。 It took three men to move the piano . (2)在第一年过半的时睺,他调到了北京。

Halfway through the first year,he was
transferred to Beijing . (3)他被学校开除了。 He was removed from school.

重点短语与句型 5.depend on
Future agriculture should depend on high technology as well as traditional methods. (回归课本P46) ?观察思考

You can’t depend on others to help you.
你不能指望别人来帮你。 Whether the game will be played depends on the weather. 比赛是否举行要依天气而定。

归纳拓展

depend on 依靠;信赖;取决于
depend on/upon sb. to do sth.指望某人做某事 depend on/upon sb. for sth.依靠某人得到某物

depend on/upon+wh?从句取决于
depend on it that?clause指望?? depend on it(用于口语,常用于句首或句末)请 放心;没问题 It/That (all) depends.视情况而定(用于口语)。

能力转化 (1)—Mr.Li,may I come to see you about my suggestion?



A

A.Yes,is 8 o’clock convenient? B.Yes,I have no time. C.Oh.That’s my pleasure. D.Fine.It depends.

6.in other words
In other words ,the way tomatoes grow from a natural seed is changed. ?观察思考 They asked him to leave—in other words,he was fired. 他们请他走人,换句话说,他被解雇了。 (回归课本P46)

归纳拓展

in other words 换句话说
beyond words无话可说,不知该如何表达 have a word with sb.跟某人说句话 have words with同??争吵 receive/get/have word得到消息 keep/break one’s word遵守/违背诺言 get in a word (get a word in)插话 in a (one) word总之

in words用语言
Word came that...有消息说??

能力转化

(1)(2009·宁夏,34)Everybody was touched
A story. words after they heard her moving

A.beyond
C.of 解析

B.without
D.in

句意为:当他们听说了她的感人故事后都

感动得说不出话来。beyond words无话可说,不 知该如何表达,为固定词组。

(2)They did not say A.words C.word

B

about their plan.

B.a word D.the word

7.Some of the land in China is too wet to grow crops.中国的有些土地太湿不能种植庄稼。
?典例体验
It’s too cold to go swimming. 天太冷了,不能游泳。 He was too pleased to see you. 他见到你很高兴。

归纳拓展
too+adj.& adv.+to do太??而不能,此词组表否定 含义。 They are too young to understand such things. 他们太年轻,不理解这些事。 注意在下列结构中,too...to结构表肯定意义: (1)too...to与never,not连用,意为“不会太?? 而不能??”。

It’s never too late to learn.
活到老,学到老。

(2)too后接表示心情类形容词,如:sad,happy,
delighted,anxious等时,too意为“非常”。He was too anxious to leave. 他急于离开。 (3)too前加only,but,all,simply,just,此时too带

有赞赏的感情色彩。
They are all too satisfied to take others’ advice.

他们都乐意接受别人的建议。

能力转化

(1)那是一个不应该错过的极好机会。
It was too good an opportunity to (2)这些柱子太细而撑不住房屋。 These pillars are too thin to carry the roof. miss.

Ⅱ.介、副词填空
1.The children are growing taller and taller
year by year(表增加). 2.I went shopping and bought a blouse,a sweater and so on/forth . 3.Time should be used for learning English

well.
4.Don’t make the same kind of tools year after year(表重复).

5.There was a severe shortage of oil during
the war. 6.Let’s have a talk over a cup of tea. 7.The problem is too difficult for me to work out . 8.The UN plays an important role in international relations.

Ⅳ.单项填空 1.The factory is now facing many difficulties.

A

of skilled workers is the chief one. B.Short

A.Shortage

C.For shortage
解析

D.Because being short

句子缺少主语,故不能用C、D两项。

shortage是名词,可作主语。

2.When we plan our vacation,mother often offers B suggestions.

A.careful
C.effective 解析

B.practical
D.acceptable

句意为:当我们为假期制订计划时,妈妈

经常提供一些实用的建议。

3.—What does P.O. A.call for C.prepare for 解析

D ? B.wait for D.stand for

—Postal order,I think.

call for需要;wait for等候;prepare

for为??做准备;stand for代表。

4.—Hadn’t your sheep gone much farther C
you caught up with them? only two of them B.until;it were —No,and we found A.when;it were

that were frozen to death.

C.before;it was
解析

D.as;there was

问句中用before引导时间状语从句,表示

“还没??就??”。答语中found之后是一个含

有强调句型的宾语从句,强调的是主语only two
of them。强调句型只能用it is...that或it was...that。

5.I’d like you to matter. A.make 解析 B.guide

C

my name from your

list.I don’t want to be involved in the C.remove D.create

句意为:我想要你把我的名字从名单中去

掉,我不想卷入这件事中。remove去掉,去除。

6.I’ll show you my new pictures show me yours. A.so that C.on condition that

C

you

B.in order that D.in case that

解析

考查状语从句。on condition that在??

条件下;假如,引导条件状语从句,符合语境。 so that表示目的或结果;in order that表示目 的,均不合逻辑关系。

7.It was not just the size of the party last
night B made it unique,but B.that;what D.that;that it meant to our company. A.which;that C.that;because

解析

考查强调句型。the size of the party与

what引导的从句并列。what作双重成分,既引导 从句,又作mean的宾语。

8.—Would you like to travel this summer? — B .But if I’m admitted to a key university,certainly I will. A.I couldn’t agree more

B.It all depends
C.With pleasure D.It is a pity 解析 考查交际用语的用法。It/That (all) depends.是口语用语,意为“那得看情况,视情

况而定。”

9.Your good friend Jack is coming.What

present

C

for your birthday?

A.you expect he has got B.you expect has he got C.do you expect he has got D.do you expect has he got 解析 考查“特殊疑问词+do you think/ hope/expect...+主语+谓语“句型的用法。do you think/hope/expect可看作插入语,应注意两

个疑问句混合之后,特殊疑问句的语序要发生变
化,即:疑问词后面的部分变成陈述语序。

10.Use the umbrella to the rain. A.stop B.keep

D

yourself from D.protect

C.prevent

解析

protect...from...保护??以防??;

stop/prevent/keep...from...阻止??做??。

11.The father as well as his children

C

skating on the frozen river every Sunday

afternoon in winter.
A.is going C.goes 解析 B.go D.are going

从后面的时间状语可知是表示经常性的习

惯动作,故用一般现在时态;主语后面有as well as短语时,谓语动词应和前面的主语一致,本题 应和the father一致,故选C项。

12.The boy is in poor B ,which worries his

parents very much.
A.position C.situation 解析 着急。 B.condition D.strength

句意为:小男孩身体很差,这使他父母很

13.How long do you think
A.it will be before C.will it be when 解析

A

the

construction company finishes the project? B.will it be until D.it will be that

do you think作插入语,位于疑问词how之

后, 此时原句的主要部分变成从句,要使用陈述
句的语序,应用it will be。本题含有一个句型 it will be+一段时间+before从句。

14.The boy was late.He tried to enter the
classroom without being noticed by the teacher,but luck B him.

A.went over
C.went along 解析 气不佳”。

B.went against
D.went with

go against违背,违反。此处指“他运

15.When trees are cut down,much of the D
washed away when it rains.So no plant grows there.

is

A.field
解析

B.land

C.ground

D.soil

soil指“(可生长作物的)土壤”。由题

意可知D项为最佳答案。

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