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2012年湖南省英语试卷(含答案)


2012 年湖南省普通高中学业水平考试试卷
英 第二部分 知识运用 (共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例 It is generally considered unwise to give a child _____ he

or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是 B。 21. When you have some trouble in study, you need _____ teacher ?s help. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself 22. The man _____ called up yesterday wants to buy the house. A. which B. whom C. who D. whose 23. Both Beijing and Tianjin _____ in the north of China. A. is B.was C. were D. are 24. The news _____ a storm was coming shocked everyone in the village. A. where B. that C. when D. what 25. ______ is so nice to take a walk on campus after a busy day. A. It B. There C. That D. This 26. —Excuse me. Could I use your umbrella for a while? —Of course, you ______. A. should B. can C. must D. will 27. It is said that a new bridge ______ over the river next winter. A. will be built B. will build C. was built D. built 28. Sarah wanted ______ some friends, so she entered an Internet chat room. A. making B. to make C. made D. makes 29. I ______ to Zhangjiajie twice since I heard about it. A. have gone B. go C. went D. have been 30. Wear a life jacket ______ you fall into the water. A. in case B. as if C. even if D. so that 第二节 完形填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从第 31 至第 40 小题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中,选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Dear Dr Fang, How are you? I am writing to ask for some 31 about how to help my 15-year-old son. At the moment, he refuses to do almost anything his mother and I ask him to do. He is our only child and we treat him very 32 . Though his grandparents buy him many things, yet he is still 33 to them and often shouts at them. He also 34 to spend time with us or do as we tell him. Recently, he has been refusing to do his homework, and instead insists on 35 his time listening to foreign music. I cannot understand that 36 , and I don?t like it. Meanwhile, he spends too
英语试题卷 第 页(共17 页)



much time in Internet cafes, where he either plays games wasting valuable time during this 38 period in his life!

37

chats on the Internet. He is

What shall I do? I am worried about it. 39 I keep allowing him to do what he wants, he may fail at school, or worse. How can I help my son 40 hurting our feelings? Best regards Liu Zhen 31 A questions B advice C problems D lessons 32 A badly B ill C well D coldly 33 A kind B good C polite D rude 34 A prefers B wants C likes D refuses 35 A saving B missing C wasting D winning 36 A music B film C game D play 37 A and B or C but D so 38 A dark B old C sad D important 39 A If B Until C Though D Before 40 A for B in C without D about 第三部分 阅读技能 (共三节,满分 35 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 (A) How I wish to go to the bottom of the sea for an There are quite a lot of beautiful fishes swimming me and they are in different shapes and colors. A shark might appear. Frightening, isn?t it? fishes are friendly and won?t hurt you if attack them.
It would be great fun just to watch the fishes quietly and even play with them. Qin Yixing

adventure! here around big whale or a But most you do not

*********************************************** Last night, I had a dream. I was flying to Africa! Much to my surprise, a the land, I found a jeep to the grasslands. I was

Once I reached about to get

helicopter came in time into the jeep when I saw a few snakes in front of me. Luckily, to rescue me. What a they went away without hurting me. Soon I happened to dream adventure! spot(发现) some nice giraffes and a crowd of zebras. On Zhang Liang my way back, there was something wrong with the jeep. I was so scared that I fell with the jeep upside down. 41. Qin Yixing dreams to go to the bottom of the sea to ______. A. have a holiday B. take an adventure C.find a job D.watch a game 42. According to Qin Yixing, we know most fishes are ______. A. noisy B. frightening C. friendly D.quiet 英语试题卷 第 页(共27 页)

43. Zhang Liang got to Africa ______. A. by plane B. by jeep C. by water

D.by bus

44. In his dream, Zhang Liang saw all these animals EXCEPT ______. A. snakes B. giraffes C. zebras D. tigers (B) This is not a diet. It?s a simple way to lose weight. You don?t have to give up the food you love or join a gym. You just follow some habits thin people have. Keep them, and you?ll become thin. ◆Wake-up When you wake up in the morning, sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out, lean forward(前俯) until you feel sore(酸痛的) in your back. It will use up 10 calories. ◆Start with soup Order a clear soup, and have it before the main food. In this way, you?ll feel fuller, so you?ll eat less when the main food comes. ◆An apple or more a day Apples are full of fiber(纤维) and water, so your stomach will want less. Studies show that people who eat at least three apples or pears a day may lose weight. ◆Talk it up Every time you use the cell phone, stand up and walk around. Heavy people sit on average two and a half hours more each day than thin people. This skill is very important as standing up and walking around will burn up 50 or more calories. Use these skills, and you will have a big weight loss. 45. The text is to encourage you to ______. A. go on a diet B. give up your favorite foods C. join a gym D. follow some habits of thin people 46. Which of the following ways is a good choice to become thin? A. Sit up quickly in the morning. B. Have soup before the main food. C. Eat rice instead of apples. D. Sit down when using a cell phone. 47. How many skills are there in the text for people to lose weight? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five. 48. The text is most likely to be read ______. A. in a magazine B. in a dictionary C. in a story-book D. on a map (C) Julian Beever is a well-known British artist. His drawings have appeared on the streets of London, Paris, Tokyo, New York and many other cities around the world. Beever creates what looks like a three-dimensional design( 三维设计 ). From animals to heroes to buildings, the paintings are a wonder for our eyes to see. In his book Pavement Chalk Artist, Beever shares some of his most attractive and humorous pieces. Here are the examples you will find in the book. Philadelphia Eagle, created in the USA, is a huge drawing with an eagle(鹰) landing on an American national flag. Meeting Mr Frog was created in Spain and is about a realistic-looking (样子逼真的) frog sitting on a lily pad(睡莲叶子). Swimming Pool in the High Street is about a woman relaxing in a swimming pool sunk into the middle of the street. Along with an introduction about his background, Beever shares information about his time at home in the UK and abroad. With a fun story coming after each piece of art, this 112-page book is really
英语试题卷 第 页(共37 页)

worth another look. 49. Julian Beever comes from ______. A. the UK B. France C. Japan D. the USA 50. What do people think of Beever ?s drawings? A. Terrible. B. Ugly. C.Wonderful. D. Boring. 51. Which of the art pieces can NOT be found in the book Pavement Chalk Artist? A. Philadelphia Eagle. B. Meeting Mr Frog. C. Swimming Pool in the High Street. D. Sharing information. 52. The text mainly talks about ______. A. a three-dimensional design B. Julian Beever and his book C. an attractive drawing D. famous artists in Spain 第二节 摘录信息 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在文后第 53 至第 57 小题的空格里填上适当的单词或短语, 并将答案转写到答题卡上。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 Enter senior high schools? Wordsmith Competition and you could win great prizes and improve your English writing skills. All Senior High students are encouraged to enter the competition. Write a story of at least 350 words about any subject you can think of. Here are some rules you must follow. Give your story a title and provide personal information with the entry( 参赛作品 ). Your story must be original and written by yourself. Stories that are imaginative(创新的) will receive high marks. Keep a copy of your story for yourself. No entries will be returned. Stories must be received by June 1 through e-mail. Send your story to www.wordsmith@edu.cn. An award of 1,000 yuan will be given to the first-prize winner, 800 yuan to the second and 500 yuan to the third. You?ll be informed by e-mail and the winning entries will be posted on the website. Title: Wordsmith Competition Purpose What to write To win great prizes and improve your (53)__________. About any subject in at least (54)__________ words.

● You must give the story a title and your personal (55)_________ information. ● Your story must be original and written by yourself. ● Your story must be received by (56)__________. Awards 1,000 yuan will be given to (57) ___________, 800 yuan to the second and 500 yuan to the third.

第三节 回答问题(共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 阅读下面短文,根据第 58 至第 60 小题的具体要求,尽可能简要回答问题,并将答案写到 答题卡上。 Cell phones are playing an important part in our daily life. Some people even can?t go without cell phones. In recent years, many people say they are worried that using cell phones may bring them
英语试题卷 第 页(共47 页)

radiation(辐射). In San Francisco, an American woman moved out of her apartment, because she couldn ?t stand the radiation from next door. She said, “When my neighbors fixed a Wi-Fi router(无线宽带路由器), I lost the ability to think clearly. I even fell down to the floor sometimes. I had to escape from the radiation.” She was not alone. Millions of Americans say they have had headaches when they are too close to cell phones. However, the World Health Organization says cell phones are not harmful at all. Some people feel sick when they use cell phones. In fact, it is just a psychological(心理的) problem. Whether or not cell phones are harmful, it is good for us to take a break from using them now and then. 58.What are people worried about when using cell phones?(回答词数不超过 7 个) 59.Why did the American woman move out of her apartment?(回答词数不超过 9 个) 60. What does the author advise us to do in the end?(回答词数不超过 11 个) 第四部分 写作技能 (共两节,满分 25 分) 第一节 双向翻译 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请根据上下文内容,将文中划线部分译成汉语或者英语,并将答案转写到答题卡上。 Recently, I have experienced some problems in the school computer room. 61 The computers are old and slow, and sometimes they even do not work. On Sunday, 2 March, for example, 62 I had to spend four hours doing my homework, all because of the problems with the computer I was using. 63 我试了一下其他的电脑, but they were in worse condition. After I pushed the ?enter ? button, nothing happened. 64 我不得不找老师来帮助我. It took half an hour to fix it. Lots of students also had the same experience. We know it?s important for us to learn how to use information technology, so 65 we suggest our school buy us some new computers. 第二节 情景作文(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 66 请根据某班 QQ 群聊天记录,综合同学们发表的意见,为下周的班会写一篇以“让我们对 吸烟说不”为主题的演讲稿。文章开头已写好,词数 100 词左右。 注意:文章中不能使用真实的人名和地名。
XXX 班专属 语音 视频 共享

李华:2012-5-5 14:30:07

I was caught smoking in the school yesterday. What

a bad luck! 张丽:2012-5-5 14:32:10 I?m strongly against smoking. Smoking is bad for your health. People who smoke often develop and even die from different illnesses or diseases. 吴明: 2012-5-5 14:34:08 Yes, smoking pollutes the air. People cannot work or study well in a room full of smoke. 黄伟:2012-5-5 14:38:20 I agree with you! Smoking wastes money. Every year, millions of dollars are spent treating diseases caused by smoking.
英语试题卷 第 页(共57 页)

曾杰: 2012-5-5 14:39:40

Besides, smoking causes fire very easily. It?s

reported that lots of fires that were caused by smoking resulted in great loss. ………

Let’s Say No to Smoking Hello, everyone! Now I?d like to voice myself about smoking. __________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _

第二部分 知识运用(共两节,满分 20 分)

21—25 BCDBA

26—30 BABDA

31—35 BCDDC

36—40 ABDAC

第三部分 阅读技能(共三节,满分 35 分)

41—44 BCAD 45—48 DBCA 49—52 ACDB 53 English writing skills 54 350 55 Rules 56 June 1 57 the first-prize winner 58 Radiation. 或 The radiation it may bring (them). 或 Using cell phones may bring (them) radiation. 59 Because she couldn?t stand the radiation from next door. (用 Because she had to escape from the radiation.回答得 1.5 分。 ) 60 To take a break from using cell phones now and then. 或 Take a break from using cell phones now and then. (用 Taking a break from using them now and then.回答得 1.5 分。 )
第四部分 写作技能 (共两节,满分 25 分)

61 这些电脑又旧又慢,有时候它们甚至都不运行(或不工作) 。 62 我不得不花四个小时来做家庭作业。 63 I tried other computers. / I used other computers (for a try). 64 I had to find the / a teacher to help me. / I had to ask my teacher for help. 65 我们建议学校给我们买一些新的电脑。 66 One possible version Hello, everyone! Now I?d like to voice myself about smoking. I?m strongly against smoking. There are many good reasons for that. First, smoking is bad for one?s health. People who smoke often develop and even die from 英语试题卷 第 页(共67 页)

different illnesses or diseases. Second, smoking pollutes the air. People cannot work or study well in a room full of smoke. Third, smoking wastes money. Every year, millions of dollars are spent treating diseases caused by smoking. At last, smoking causes fire very easily. It?s reported that lots of fires that were caused by smoking resulted in great loss. As we can see, smoking does great harm and students should not pick up the bad habit. 评分标准 一、客观题 1—16 每小题 1 分。答对给满分,答错计 0 分。 21—40 每小题 1 分。答对给满分,答错计 0 分。 41—52 每小题 2 分。答对给满分,答错计 0 分。 二、主观题 17—20 每小题 1 分。答对给满分,凡符合答题要求且可读懂的其它答案均给分,各小题超过限定词数的酌 情扣分。 53—57 每小题 2 分。答对给满分,凡符合答题要求且可读懂的其它答案均给分,各小题超过限定词数的酌 情扣分。 58—60 每小题 2 分。每小题内容占 1.5 分,形式占 0.5 分,按四档计分: 第一档 2.0 分 答案内容完整,语言形式正确; 第二档 1.5 分 答案内容较完整,语言形式错误不多; 第三档 1.0 分 答案内容不完整,语言形式错误较多; 第四档 0.5—0 分 写了个别词语或基本没有作答或超过限定词数。 61—65 每小题 2 分。每小题内容占 1.5 分,形式占 0.5 分,按四档计分: 第一档 2.0 分 译文内容完整,语言形式正确; 第二档 1.5 分 译文内容较完整,语言形式错误不多; 第三档 1.0 分 译文内容不完整,语言形式错误较多; 第四档 0.5—0 分 写了个别词语或基本没有作答。 66 满分 15 分。其中内容占 12 分,形式占 3 分,按四档计分: 第一档 15 分 文章内容完整,语言形式正确; 第二档 14—11 分 文章内容较完整,语言形式错误不多; 第三档 10—5 分 文章内容不完整,语言形式错误较多; 第四档 4—0 分 写了个别词语或基本没有作答。 .

英语试题卷 第 页(共77 页)


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