Unit2 Helpful Schoolmates
1. keep one’s eyes on 3. rule breaker 5.go against 7.for a moment 9.search for 2. follow a rule 4. think to oneself 6. a way out of 8.
in silent 10. give it a try
PeriodⅡ Reading 课堂导学案
1. Cheating went against my beliefs.作弊违背我的信念 cheat: (v.). 欺骗、作弊 (n.) 骗子 feel cheated 感到受骗 cheat somebody of something 或 cheat somebody out of something “从某人处诈骗某物” ； believe: (v.) 相信 belief(n.) 信念 believe in 信任，信赖 believe in doing sth 相信做某事有好处。 believe it or not 为惯用表达，其意为“信不信由你”。 believe sb：指相信某人的话(=believe what one says)； believe in sb 指信任某人的为人(=trust sb)。 E.g:I can believe him, but I cannot believe in him. 我相信他说的话， 但不相信他 的为人。 beyond belief 难以置信 It is my belief that… 我相信…… go against: 违背，不利于。 2. I just knew I had to do what I felt was right, even if it made James mad.我只是 觉得我应该做我认为正确的事，即使这样会使詹姆斯生气。 mad: (adj.) 疯狂的 =crazy go mad 发疯 be mad about…对……狂热 drive sb mad 逼得某人发疯 be mad at sb. 对某人很恼火 be mad about\ on sb 迷恋某人 like mad 疯狂地 3. So I guarded my paper so that he couldn’t see my answers. 因此，我护着我的 试卷，使他不能看到我的答案。 guard(v.) 保卫,看守,当心 (n.) 守卫者,警戒 guard against 预防 under guard 在……看守下 4. And I didn’t want to destroy our friendship. 我不想毁掉我们间的友谊。 destroy (vt.) 毁坏,破坏 ,杀死, 消灭 ,打破(希望、计划);使失败 辨析：hurt, injure, harm damage, wound, destroy, ruin hurt 普通用语，既可指肉体上的伤害，也可精神上，感情上的伤害。 注意：指肉体上的伤害时，hurt 可与 badly，slightly，seriously 等连用；但如果 指精神上的创伤，只能说 very much/rather/deeply hurt。 injure 比 hurt 正式，hurt 多指伤痛，而 injure 则指损害健康，成就，容貌等，强 调功能的损失。
harm 用于肉体或精神上的伤害均可，有时可指引起不安或不便，还可用于抽象 事物，尤其是指不道德的事情。 wound 指枪伤，刀伤，刺伤等皮肉之伤，是出血的，严重的伤，特指战场上受伤， 它可以指肉体上的伤害，也可指人们精神上的创伤。 damage 主要指对于物的损害，强调对于价值，用途，外观等所造成的损失，可 以修复。 do\cause damage to 对……造成损失 ruin 毁灭、破产，彻底破坏。 destroy 彻底破坏，不能修复。希望破灭。 5. My mind searched for the right words. 我在脑海里搜寻着适当的话语。 search（v.） 搜寻，寻找；搜索： in one's search for = in search of 找；探求，追求 search for 对...的搜寻 6. I stood there for a moment more, finally able to breathe again. 我在那站一会 儿，最终可以再度呼吸 breathe (v.) 呼吸 呼气 breathe in 吸进 breathe out 呼出 breath （n）呼吸 catch/hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 lose one's breath 喘不过气来 out of breath 喘不过气来 7. I felt relieved that my friendship with James hadn’t been destroyed. 我为我们 的友谊没有被毁而感到欣慰。 relieve (v.) 减轻疼痛、痛苦、负担等，也可表示“因……而感到安慰”。 relieve sb. of\from ……. 解除/减轻某人某事 relief (n.) 减轻 to one’s relief 使某人宽慰的是…… 8. I gave him a smile, not sure whether he was joking or not, and returned to my test. 我朝他微笑下，不确定他是否在开玩笑，就继续我的考试。 not sure whether he was joking or not 形容词短语作状语表示原因。 形容词或形容词短语可以作原因状语，一般位于句首，有时也可位于句子中间。 e.g: Afraid of being scolded, for a moment, little Franz thought of playing truant.(=As he was afraid of being scolded, for a moment, little Franz thought of playing truant.) 由于害怕挨骂，小弗朗兹一时起了逃学的念头。 e.g. Eager to improve farming conditions, they tried out this new crop on a large area.(=As they were eager to improve farming conditions, they tried out the new crop on a large area.) 由于急于改进耕作条件，就大面积地试种了这种新庄稼。 e.g. Tom, very ill, sent for a doctor.(=As Tom was very ill, he sent for a doctor.) 因为 汤姆病得很厉害，派人请医生去了。 9. …but it is not a rule everybody chooses to follow.但它不是人人会遵守的规则。 找出定语从句： . 先行词： 省略了关系代词： follow the rule 遵守规则 follow one’s advice 听从某人的建议 10. I tapped the top of my desk, hoping for an easy way out of his matter.我轻敲 桌面，希望能够找到一个简单的方法来解决这个问题
hoping for… 是现在分词短语作伴随状语，伴随状语首先是一种状语，用来修饰 动词的，同时是表示与谓语动词同时进行，即伴随着谓语动词的动作同时进行。 He said it angrily pointing at the notice on the wall. 他生气地说着，手指着墙上的布告。 这里，point 与 said 同时进行，因此，pointing 在这里是现在分词作伴随状语，表 示主动和正在进行。 He sat in the chair reading a newspaper. 他坐在椅子上看报。 Don't you sit there doing nothing. 别什么也不干坐在那里。 He came in, followed by his wife. 他走了进来，后面跟着他的妻子。(现在分词短 语作伴随状语出现的条件是： 1) 由一个主语发出两个动作 2) 或同一个主语处于两种状态， 3) 或同一个主语发出一个动作时又伴随有某一种状态。 伴随状语的逻辑主语一般情况下必须是全句的主语， 伴随状语与谓语动词所表示 的动作或状态是同时发生的。
1. I’m sorry if I your feeling. A. harm B. hurt C. damage D. destroy 2. You will your chances if you wear that shirt to the interview. A. harm B.ruin C. damage D. destroy 3. Don’t believe him. He said so just to you into buying his medicine. A. steal B.take C.cheat D. struck 4. He doesn't have the courage to go his father. A.with B.against C.along D. on 5. Don’t sit there ______ nothing. Come and help me with this table. A. do B. to do C. doing D. and doing 6. My cousin came to see me from the country, ______ me a full basket of fresh fruits. A. brought B. bringing C. to bring D. had brought 7. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always ______ the same thing. A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said 8. We often provide our children with toys, footballs or basketballs, ______ that all children like these things. A. thinking B. think C. to think D. thought 9. I like the second football match _______ was held last week. A. which B. who C. that D./ 10. After the long journey,the three of them went back home,______ A.hungry and tired B.hungrily and tiredly C. hungry and tiredly D. hungrily and tired
Direct Speech & Indirect Speech 直接引语与间接引语 Period VI Further Reading 教学案
3.打算做某事 5.入睡 7.度过，克服（困难等） 8..坐起来 11..在黎明时分
4.很快，立刻 6.越来越严重 8.陪同某人去 10.经历，完成 12.得到及时的治疗
二、重要知识点 1. reduce (v.) 减少，缩减 （反义词）increase (v.) 增加 reduce by 减少了 reduce to 减少到 reduce pressure 减少压力 reduce speed 降低速度 2. emergency (n.) 紧急，紧急事件 in an emergency 紧急时刻，在紧急情 况下 in case of emergency 万一遇到紧急情况 3. arrange (v.) 安排，筹备 arrangement(n.) arrange sth. 安排某事 arrange to do sth. 安排做某事 4. I was sleeping soundly last night when I was awakened by someone’s groans.昨 晚我睡得正香，突然被某人的呻吟声吵醒了。 when 为并列连词，意为“就在这时” be doing sth. when…正在做某事，这时…… be about to do sth. when…正要做某事，这时…… had done sth. when...刚做完某事，这时…… 5. If only they were here now, we would be able to discuss the problem together. 要是他们现在在这里，我们就可以一起讨论这个问题了。 if only(要是...就好了) 用以表示对现时的愿望. 从句动词形式 If only I were rich. If only I knew her name. 用以表示对未来的愿望 从句动词形式 If only it would stop raining. If only they would tell me what they've decided. 用以表示与过去事实相反的愿望. 从句动词形式 If only he'd remembered to buy some fruit. If only I had gone by taxi.
Period VII 课后练习案 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21．If you don’t know what it means, ________ the dictionary. A. look up — ________. A. Don’t worry. You’ll get used to it soon C. Yes, please turn it down A. impressed A. steal A. not to take; to hurt C. not take; hurt A. 1960s; their B. the 1960s; / B. surprised B. to steal B. No, go right ahead D. Yes, I don’t mind C. excited C. having stolen B. not taking; hurting D don’t take; to hurt C. 1960; / D. the 1960s; their D. comforted D. to have stolen B. refer to C. point to D. look out 22．— Would you mind if I turned the TV down?
23．At the meeting, all the people were deeply ________ with her brilliant report. 24．He admitted ________ some bicycles from her school. 25．I would rather ________ the chance than ________ you.
26．It is surprising in ________ that people in ________ twenties wore such kind of clothes. 27．— It’s burning hot today, isn’t it? — Yes. ________ yesterday. A. So was it ________ it in my bag. A. taking; to put C. to have taken; putting on that bus. A. got on A. pay A. excited; came B. got into B. spend B. exciting; coming
B. So it was
C. So it is
D. So is it
28．I know I didn’t forget ________ my camera with me because I clearly remember B. to take; to p ut D. to take; putting
29．Jack ______ the bus as soon as it stopped; and then to his joy he met an old friend of his C. got off C. buy C. excited; coming D. got out of D. afford D. exciting; came
30．Who else except a millionaire could ________ to use such an expensive car? 31．The ________ moment they had looked forward to ________ finally. 32．— Why don’t you want to travel abroad? A. not so much; as A. by A. invited B. as much; as B. about B. to invite
— Because it becomes ________ expensive ________ before. C. much more; than C. with C. be invited D. much less; than D. on D. had been invited 33．Your father likes to play golf. He’s really enthusiastic ________ it. 34．Many teachers __________ to the meeting are from Chongqing. 35．— ________ David and Vicky ________ married? — For about three years.
A. How long were; being C. How long have; been
B. How long have; got D. How long did; get
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was the beginning of a new term. As a(n) any of the students. A little girl was 38 . I walked up to her and asked 39 she stood there. But she said 41 42 40 . Instead, a boy shouted, “She is from Grade Four, the who didn’t seem to be the smart kind. I I took her hand and 43 student in her grade.” I looked at the little girl, why her teacher asked her to stay in Grade Three. 44 46 said nothing, talking to 50 little 37 36 teacher in that school, I didn’t know at the gate of the class room. She looked very
her into the classroom.
“Sit here. Now you are my student and I’m your teacher,” I said. She but she burst into tears. I later learnt that her parents others since then. She learnt very everybody deserves (值得) respect. I by little. I encouraged her and as left that school, 53 51 45 47 49 in a car accident, and she had . I gave her respect and never
her as I know
her after school, and she was making
went by, she was not as shy as before. At the end of the 52 . She was not one of the best students when she
term, she seemed to have forgotten all her In the following ago, I received a(n) brightly. 54 55
at least, she was not that shy and sad little girl any longer. , she would send me a card on each Thanksgiving Day. Three days to her wedding. And now, I am at her wedding, and she is smiling
Everyone deserves respect and everyone can be happy! 36．A. old 37．A. smiling 38．A. tall 39．A. if 40．A. something 41．A. worst 42．A. remembered 43．A. threw 44．A. firstly 45．A. fought 46．A. kept 47．A. fast 48．A. played jokes with upon 49．A. helped 50．A. progress 51．A. dreams 52．A. joy B. served B. happiness B. efforts B. sadness
B. new B. sitting B. shy B. when B. anything B. shortest B. thought B. pushed B. still B. disappeared B. stopped B. widely B. thought highly of
C. good C. standing C. beautiful C. why C. nothing C. ugliest C. asked C. pulled C. surprisingly C. met C. advised C. slowly C. took care of C. chose C. marks C. energy C. past
D. famous D. crying D. kind D. how D. everything D. smartest D. understood D. led D. finally D. died D. forgot D. quietly D. looked down
D. pleased D. surprises D. time D. anger
53．A. since 54．A. hours 55．A. invitation
B. because B. years B. card
C. so C. months C. key
D. but D. days D. letter
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 4 0 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Every year on my birthday, from the time I turned 12, a white gardenia was delivered to my house. N o card came with it. Calls to the flower-shop were not helpful at all. After a while I stopped trying t o discover the sender ’s name and just delighted in the beautiful white flower in soft pink paper. But I never stopped imagining who the giver might be. Some of my happiest moments were spent daydreaming about the sender. My mother encouraged these imaginings. She’d ask me if there was someone for whom I had done a special kindness. Perhaps it was the old man across the street whose mail I’d delivered during the winter. As a girl, though, I had more fun imagining that it might be a boy I had run into. One month before my graduation, my father died. I felt so sad that I became completely uninterested in my upcoming graduation dance, and I didn’t care if I had a new dress or not. But my mother, in her own sadness, would not let me miss any of those things. She wanted her children to feel loved and lovable. In truth, my mother wanted her children to see themselves much like the gardenia－lovely, strong and perfect with perhaps a bit of mystery (神秘). My mother died ten days after I was married. I was 22. That was the year the gardenia stopped coming. 56．Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. A Childhood Dream C. A Graduation Party A. she could take care of things herself B. she hoped she would find a boyfriend C. she wanted her to be happy and strong D. she thought education was the most important 58．Who was the sender of the flower? A. A boy the writer had run into. C. One of the writer ’s classmates. B Last year my wife and I spent a most interesting month in Turkey. Before we left, we were reminded of the difficulties of driving in Turkey. We certainly did not find this to be the case and, except for a few places in faraway mountainous areas, the roads were wide, and well-paved (铺). We drove for 12 days along the Western Coast of Turkey and had no problems at all. We found the Turkish drivers very polite and well-educated. We also found that eating lunch in the smaller towns was difficult so we picnicked almost every day.
B. A Mother ’s Love D. A Special Birthday
57．The mother insisted that her daughter go to the graduation dance because ________.
B. One of the writer ’s neighbors. D. The writer ’s mother.
The following day after our arrival was Turkey’s Children’s Day, started by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Ataturk loved children and he often said, “Children are a new beginning of tomorrow.” He even devoted the day 23rd of April to the children which today is celebrated as Children’s Day as well as the date when the Republic of Turkey was founded. On that day certain children are picked to take over the places of the government, and a lucky kid will be the president of Turkey for a whole day. He can decide what’s going to happen and whether or not he is going to have the president next to him. There are a very large number of possibilities of things he can do but some shops aren’t open because they are celebrating the day as well. All in all, it was a more enjoyable trip. I would recommend (推荐) a trip to Turkey to anyone with an adventurous spirit! 59．Before the author and his wife went on a trip to Turkey, they were told that ________. A. it was difficult to travel in Turkey B. it was not easy to drive in Turkey C. the streets in Turkey were dangerous D. there were many mountain roads 60．What do we know from the first paragraph? A. Places in mountainous areas were difficult to reach. B. It took the couple 12 days to drive to Turkey. C. The Turkish drivers had good manners. D. It was difficult to eat meals in Turkey. 61．The underlined word “He” in paragraph 3 refers to “________”. A. everyone of us C. the president of Turkey 62．What can be inferred(推断) from the passage? A. The couple had little difficulty making their way in Turkey. B. Turkey doesn’t celebrate International Children’s Day. C. The author joined in celebrating Turkey’s Children’s Day. D. On Turkey’s Children’s Day, everyone had holidays. C In America, when the eighth graders leave the middle school, they are often worried about moving to the high school. It is a hard time for them，but it can be an exciting one as well. To make it easier, students need to get familiar with their school. Even though they’ve done this already in the middle school, it’s still important to find where their classrooms are. Most schools take students to the high school for a visit at the end of their eighth grade year. And, most schools also have a freshman (新生) speech for parents and students before the first year begins. Sometimes the main office will give away a map of the school. This can help students and parents to find different places in the school. One way to know your high school more and make new friends is to join a club or play a sport． Schools often offer chances to join different clubs and sports. Fall activities begin in August before the first day of school. If you are not interested in sports, there are clubs for any interest, such as drama, dance, chess, photography, community service, etc. These clubs allow students
B. the government D. the lucky child
from different grades. By joining an activity, students can find new friendships, not to mention improving their chances in future college applications(申请). The school office will have a list of activities offered at the school and information on how to join them. What’s more, to have a great start to a high school year, students can write down some of their worries, and ask for help from teachers and school workers. 63．According to the text, most students feel ________ when entering the high school. A. unhappy B. nervous C. lonely D. disappointed 64．Which of the following is TRUE about the school clubs? A. There are fewer students from higher grades in the school clubs. B. The school clubs in high school mainly welcome sports fans. C. Summer activities begin before school starts. D. School officers can help new students join school clubs. 65．When do many schools take students to visit their new high school? A. Before the eighth grade year starts. B. Right after the high school year starts. C. At the beginning of the new term in the high school. D. By the end of the last year in the middle school. 66．What is the purpose of this text? A. To describe high school life. B. To introduce new schools. C. To teach useful experience. D. To give advice to new high school students. D Sooner or later, many families will face the situation of moving. The experience can be very bad for kids, who may not be a part of the decision to move and may not understand it. You can take steps to make the whole process (过程) easier for everyone. Many kids like to stay in familiar places. So as you consider a move, weigh the benefits (好 处) of that change against the comfort that neighborhood, school, and social life give your kids. If your family has recently dealt with a big life change, such as death, you may want to put off a move to give your children time to accept the fact. The decision to move may be out of your hands, perhaps because of a new job or money problems. Even if you’re not happy about the move, try to keep a positive (积极的) attitude to it. During the move, a parent’s attitude can greatly influence kids. No matter what the results are, the most important way to prepare kids to move is to talk about it. Try to give your children as much information about the move as possible. You can ask kids to join in the planning such as house-hunting or the search for a new school. This can make the change feel less like it’s being forced (被迫) on them. If you’re moving across town, try to take your children to visit the new house and th e new neighborhood. A move can have many problems, but good things also come from this kind of change. Your family might grow closer and you may learn more about each other by going through it together. 67．According to the text, a move can be a bad experience for kids because ________. A. they may feel they’re forced to do so
B. they often feel lonely in a new school
C. they don’t like their busy parents A. The child’s birthday is coming. C. The new neighborhood isn’t safe.
D. they are tired of the moving process B. A family member has died. D. The parents have money problems.
68．In which situation does the author advise to put off a move?
69．Which is the most important when making the move easier for children? A. Allowing them to choose a school by themselves. B. Trying not to show them the bad parts of a move. C. Offering them as much information as possible. D. Promising to choose a new house with them. 70．The author wrote this text mainly to tell us ________. A. what we should do before a move B. how to prepare children for a move C. how a move can change the family D. why parents should talk to children often
E Giving Back Fair Way The Westborough High School golf team had taken the official photos with the state prize. The other teams, disappointed, were on the bus heading home. And then Westborough instructor Greg Rota noticed something wrong on one of the score cards. A 9 had been recorded as a 7. They were not the state prize winner; Woburn High had won. “No one would have known.” said Woburn’s instructor, Bob Doran. For Rota, it wasn’t a difficult decision: “The prize wasn’t ours to take.” Coin Stars “College students are lazy, but they also want to help,” says University of Pennsylvania graduate Dana Hork. So she made it easy, placing cups in rooms where students could leave their spare coins, and handing out cups to first-year students to keep in their rooms. Her “Change for Change” effort has collected $ 40,000 for charities (慈善机构), which were decided upon by students. Never Forgotten A school in Massachusetts received a $ 9.5 million check (支票) from Jacques LeBermuth. But it took officials several days of digging to discover his connection to the school. Records showed the LeBermuth came from Belgium and studied in the school in the 1920s. When his family fell on hard times, he was offered free room and board. LeBermuth became a trader, owned shares of AT&T and lived off the earning until he died, at age 89. 71．What did Greg Rota probably do in the end? A. Took photos of Doran. C. Returned the prize to the organizer. A. honest B. polite
B. Had a meeting with Doran. D. Apologized to Woburn High School. C. careful D. friendly
72．Greg Rota’s decision shows that he was ________.
73．The underlined word “Change” in the second paragraph means ________. A. Idea B. Decision C. Cups D. Coins 74．What did the school officials do after receiving the check from Mr LeBermuth? A. They tried to find out why he gave them the money. B. They went to Belgium to pay their respects to him. C. They dug out the records that were buried underground. D. They decided to offer their students free room and board. 75．Jacques LeBermuth gave the money to the school because ________. A. the school asked for it B. he had no need for that much money C. the school had helped him in the past D. he wanted to be remembered by the students
第二卷（共 35 分）
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单句改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
此题要求改正下列所给 10 个单句中的错误。每句只有一个错误，请按下列情况改正： 该句多一个词：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线划 掉。 该句缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（ ? ） ，在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该句错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：请在答题卡上作答。 I never get tired climbing the mountain. He wants to know that the Smiths will come to his party. Women play important part in the world. She asked me whether those books were my or his. People like Tom is not honest at all. After work, my mother went to the shoes store. It looked as a place from another time. I could remember visiting to the zoo. Good teachers always return back the homework quickly. Respect for teachers is considered very importantly. 76. _________________ 77. _________________ 78. _________________ 79. _________________ 80. _________________ 81. _________________ 82. _________________ 83. _________________ 84. _________________ 85. _________________
第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分）
同学们进入高中学习已经半个学期了， 现就你在高中的学习生活写一篇作文， 要点包括： 1． 你的新老师。 2． 你的新同学。 3． 你的新学校。 4． 你在高中阶段的理想。 5． 你将如何实现理想。 （字数 100 左右）
单选 BBACC 完型 BCBCC 阅读：
56—60 BCDBC 改错： 76. tired 后加 of 81. shoe 书面表达： （略）
77. whether 82. like
78. play 后加 an 83. 去掉 to
79. mine 84 . 去掉 back
80. are 85. important
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