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Wish 引导的虚拟语气


Wish 引导的虚拟语气

虚拟语气用在 wish 后的宾语从句中, (常常省去连词 that) , 表示不可 能实现的愿望。 1. 表示与现在事实相反的愿望 构成: 主语 + wish (that) + 从句主 语 + 动词过去式 (be 一律用 were) 例如: I wish I knew everything in the world. I wish that the experiment were a success. We wish we had wings. 我们希望有翅膀。 Example: I wish it ______ not so cold outside. A. shall be B. be C. were D. is

I wish I ______ you better. A. know 2. B. knew C. will know D. have known

表示与过去事实相反的愿望 构成:主语 + wish (that) + 从句 主语 + would/could + have + 过去分词或 had + 过去分词

例如: I wish that you had called yesterday. I wish that I could have gone with you last night. I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I had been there. Example: I wish you ______ such a great deal of fuss. A. were not caused C. have not caused B. had not caused D. are not caused

I wish that you ______ such a bad headache because I ’m sure that you would have enjoyed the concert.

A. hadn’ t had

B. hadn’t

C. didn’ t have

D. hadn’ t have

3. 表示将来不大可能实现的愿望 构成:主语 + wish (that) + 从 句主语 + would/should/could/might + 原形动词 例如: I wish that he could try again. I wish that someday I should live on the moon. We wish that they would come soon. Example: I wish that we ______ with my brother when he flies to England next week. A. could go B. had gone C. will go D. are going

练习题: 1. I wish you ______ like that. b. wouldn’t talk c. won’t talk d. not to

a. don’t talk talk 2.

I wish I _____ how to operate the machine. b. know c. can know d. knew

a. have known 3. a. wishes 4. a. shall 5. a. will be

He is not a millionaire but he _____ he were. b. hopes c. longs d. believes

I wish that I ______ visit my uncle the day after tomorrow. b. have c. would d. am going to

I wish it ______ spring all the year round. b. were c. be d. is

6.

I wish I _____ to that university with you yesterday. b. went c. did go d. had gone

a. would go 7.

I left very early last night, but I wish I ______ so early. c. haven’t left d. couldn’t leave

a. didn’t leave b. hadn’t left 8.

Nancy sometimes wishes that she ______ in the big city. b. did not lived c. were not living d. does not

a. was not living live 9.

James wishes he ______ the football game instead of the film. b. saw c. had been seen d. see

a. had seen 9.

While you’re here, I wish ______ have a look around the house.

a. you’ll 10. a. asked 11.

b. you’ve

c. you’d

d. you better

Looking back on it, I wish you ______ me first. b. have asked c. ask d. had asked

“Do you want me to lend you some money?” “I wish you ______. I would pay you back next week.”

a. should 12.

b. would

c. did

d. might

I wished it ______ but it did. b. would not occur c. was not occurred d. did

a. had not occurred not occur 13.

He didn’t go to her birthday party, but he does wish he ______ there.

a. has been 14.

b. would be

c. had been

d. would have been

“These typewritten papers are very neat.” “I wish I ______ type too, but I don’t know how.”

a. can

b. may

c. will

d could


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