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高考英语常用介词短语和固定搭配


高考英语常用介词短语和固定搭配

一.相近介词和介词短语 1. With the help of 在~~帮助下 under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下 2. be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格 be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格 3. at present=at the present

time 目前 for the present 暂时 4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下 under the sun 在世界上 5. lie in 位于~~之内 lie on 同~~接壤 lie to 位于~~之外 6. at least 至少 in the least 丝毫,一点 7. by name 名叫 in the name of 以~~名义 8. in the air 空中,在流传 on the air 播出 9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法 in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上 get one’s own way to do 随心所欲 give way 让步,屈服 lose one’s way 迷路 by the way 顺便说一下
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on one’s way to 在去~~的路上 Come this way 这边走 10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角) in the corner 在角落里(内角) on the corner 在角落上(外角上) 11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断 judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断 12. at the end (of) 在~~结束时 at the beginning of 在~~开始时 at the back of 在~~背后,支持 at the age of ~~岁时 at the foot of 在~~脚下 at the bottom of 在~~底部 at the top of 在~~顶上 at/on the edge of 在~~边上 13. in the course of 在~~过程中 in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里 in the face of 面对~~,尽管,纵使 in the middle of 在~~中间 in the end =at last=finally 最后 14. on the eve of 在~~前夕 on the side of 在~~一边 15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后 for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

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16. behind time 迟到,过期 behind the times 落在时代后面 17. at no time 决不 in no time 立即,马上 18. at one time = once time 曾经 at a time = each time 每次 at times = sometimes 有时 at all times 经常,一直,始终 at the same time 同时 at the time 在~~的时候 by the time 到~~的时候 19. for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 暂时 at the moment 当时 the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那 20. once or twice 一两次 more than once 不止一次 once more 重新,又 once upon a time 从前 once in a while 偶尔 二.归类记忆 1. be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial 2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance

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3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight 4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight 5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire 6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night 7. out of breath / control / question / sight 8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/ general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight 9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle 10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale 11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight 12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work / night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large 13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact 14. above all / measure / normal

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15. before all / long / time / now / then 16. after all / class / school 17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/ doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock / 18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence 19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example 20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair 三.组合记忆 (1)由两个词组成的复合介词. 1. 以 of 结尾 ahead of , aside of , because of , east of , west of , instead of , short of , lack of , regardless of 2. 以 to 结尾 according to , as to , counter to , due to , owing to , next to , previous to , prior to , apostle to , relative to , subject to , subsequent to , on to , thanks to 3. 以 with 结尾 along with , together with 4. 以 for 结尾 as for , but for , except for , save for

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5. 以 from 结尾 from above , from below , from among , from between , from beneath , from behind , from over (2)由三个词组成的复合介词. 1. 以 in 开头 in addition to , in advance of , in agreement with , in case of , in charge of , in comparison with in consequence of , in consideration of , in (the) course of , in contrast with , in the face of , in favor of , in front of , in honor of , in (the) light of , in the middle of , in the name of , in need of , in obedience to , in opposition to , in place of , in preference to , in (the) process of in regard to , in reply to , in respect of 2. 以 by 开头 by means of , by order of , by reason of , by virtue of , by way of 3. 以 at 开头 at the beginning of , at the cost of , at the end of , at the hands of , at mercy of , at the point of , at the risk of 4. 以 with 开头 with an eye to , with the exception of , with the purpose of , with reference to , with regard to, with respect to , with a view to , with the view of

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5. 以 for 开头 for the benefit of , for fear of , for lack of , for the good of , for the sake of 6. 以 under 开头 under cover of , under pain of , under the present of 7. 以 on 开头 on account of , on behalf of , on the occasion of , on the part of , on the point of , on top of 四.省略介词,意义不变 1. I will share (in) the pleasure with him. 2. I spent two hours (in) reading the article. 3. I’ll write (to) you a letter. 4. He plays (on) the piano every evening. 5. Smith has traveled (through) China. 6. They are fighting (against) their enemy. 7. Please fill (in) the blanks in the following. 8. The houses face (to/on) the south. 9. She scolded (at) her child yesterday. 10. It is (of) no use talking. 11. There is no use (in) talking. 12. We couldn’t prevent them (from) getting married. 13. He is busy (in) preparing for the exam. 14. I have studied English (for) ten years. 15. This shirt doesn’t fit (for) me.

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16. I want a place to live (in) . 17. You ought to break (off) this habit. 18. She always share (in) my troubles as well as (in ) my jobs. 五.动词词组及短语 1. 以 break 为中心的词组 break away from 脱离,逃离 break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚 break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始 break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 break the law 违反法律 break the record 破记录 break one’s promise 失言 break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解 2. 以 catch 为中心的词组 be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨 catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒 catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见 catch up with 赶上,追及,追上 3. 以 come 为中心的词组 come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付

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come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 come back 回来;恢复,复原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于 come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 come into power 开始执政,当权,当选 come into use 开始使用,获得应用 come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台; (问题)被提出 come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色; (秘密)泄露 come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于 come to an end 终止,结束 come to know 开始了解到 come true 实现,成为现实;证实 come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽 4. 以 do 为中心的词组 be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全结束 do a good deed 做一件好事 do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于 do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 do its work 有效,有作用

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do much 极有用 do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作业 do one’s utmost 尽力而为 do proud 足以使~~骄傲 do sb. justice 公平对待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 do sb. a favor 帮助某人 do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理 do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 创造奇迹 have much to do with 和~~很有关系 have nothing to do with 与~~无关 have something to do with 和~~有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 That will do. 行了;够了 5. 以 get 为中心的词组 get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲 get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 get ahead of 胜过,超过

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get along 前进,进步;同意;离去 get along with 与~~相处 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 get away 离开,逃脱 get back 取回,回来;报复 get behind 落后;识破 get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来 get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得 get home 到家 get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 get off 送走;脱下(衣服) ;下车;动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功 get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休 get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 为~~作准备 get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见 get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织 get used to 习惯于

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have got to do 不得不,必须 6. 以 give 为中心的词组 be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就 give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 give back 归还 give cause 给予~~的理由 give ear to 侧耳倾听 give forth 发出,放出;发表 give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步 give off 发出(烟,气味) give oneself out to be/as 自称为 give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 give out 分发,公布 give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生 give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止 give way to 让步,退却;屈服于 7. 以 look 为中心的词组 look about 四下环顾;查看 look after 照顾,看管

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look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于 look back 回顾 look for 寻找;期待,期望 look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窥视;调查;浏览 look like 看起来象 look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览 look up to 仰望,尊敬 8. 以 make 为中心的词组 be made from 由~~原料制成 be made of 由~~材料制成 be made up of 由~~组成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗 make a mistake 弄错 make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持 make advantages/use of 使用,利用 make after 追求,追赶 make believe 假装 make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚

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make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系 make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 make friends with 和~~交友 make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为 make much of 重视;理解;赏识 make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事 make one’s own 当作自己的看待 make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视 make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装 make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱 make way for 为~~让路,让路于 on the make 急求成功;增加 9. 以 put 为中心的词组 put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除 put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 put back 把~~放回原处;驳回 put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议 put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 put on 上演;穿上,带上 put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志

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put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列 put up with 忍受,容忍 10. 以 take 为中心的词组 be taken aback 吃惊 take a seat 就坐 take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄准,设立目标 take away 拿走,减去;夺去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜 take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 take ~~ for 把~~当作 take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱 take office 就职,上任 take one’s place 就坐,入坐 take one’s temperature 量体温 take part in 参与,参加 take place = happen 发生,举行 take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲 take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊 take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 11. 以 turn 为中心的词组 give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法 in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事

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out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 take one’s turn to do 轮到做 turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见 turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度 turn back 折回,往回走 turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 turn into 走进;变成,变为 turn to ~~for help 求助于 turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关) ;解雇,辞退;避开(问题) ;制造;生产 turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关) ;反对;依靠,依赖,取决于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向 turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 turn to 变成;着手于 turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

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