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名词性从句复习学案


名词性从句 一. 种类: 种类: 有______从句; ______从句; ______从句与________ 从句四大类 名词性从句考点: 二. 名词性从句考点: 1. 语序问题 2. 引导词 what 与 that 的选择 3. 引导词 if 与 whether 的选择 4. 连接词 whatever, whoever, wherever 的功能 5. 主谓一致问题 6. it 作形式主语, 形式宾语的用法 7. 名词性从句中虚拟语气的使用 8. that 的省略 9 . 同位语从句与定语从句区别 考点 1.语序问题 . 1.The photographs will show you ____ . (04) A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 2.You can hardly imagine ___when he heard the news . A. how he was excited B. how was he excited C. how excited he was D. he was how excited 3.He asked____for a violin.(05) A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 总结归纳: 名词性从句一律使用____语序,即___语在前,____ 语在后。从句的引导词必须始终置于______ 考点 2 引导词 what 与 that 的选择 1.______ he wants is a book. 2. ______ he wants to go there is obvious. 3.____ he said at the meeting surprised us. 4._____ he spoke(发言) at the meeting surprised us. 总结归纳: What: 起连接作用,在名词性从句中充当_________ _______________。 That: 只起连接作用,在名词性从句中____________ 1.____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. A. What , what B. What , that C. That , that D. That , what 2. It worried her a bit ___ her hair was turning grey. A.while B.that C.if D.for 考点 3.引导词 if 与 whether 的选择 . 1.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt
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_____ a cure for AIDS will be found. (05 广东卷) 2. We doubt _____ he will defeat the others. 3.The problem is _____ we have enough time . 4.It doesn’t matter ___ you come or not 5.It all depends on_____ the sky is going to clear up. A.if B. that C. / D. whether 总结归纳: 1. whether 和 if 在宾语从句中可以互换,但是作介 词宾语时连接词一般用__________。 2. 后面直接跟 or not 时用__________; 3. 主 语 从 句 、 表 语 从 句 和 同 位 语 从 句 只 能 用 ________; 4. ________可与动词不定式连用,但______不能。 考点 4 连接词 whatever, whoever, wherever 的功能 1. __________ you go and _________you do, I’ll be right here waiting for you. 2.任何最后离开房间的人应该把灯关掉。 _______________________ ought to turn off the light. 总结归纳: ________等同类词既可以引导名词性从句,也可以 引导让步状语从句, 而 __________等只能引导让步状语从句。 考点 5 主谓一致问题 1. 何时开会还没有决定。 When the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet . 2. 他们何时出发和他们去哪里还没有决定。 When they will start and where they will go _______ (have) not been decided yet. 3. 何时何地开会还没有决定。 When and where the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet . 总结归纳: 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用_____ 形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语, 谓语动词则用_____形式。 由两个或多个连接词引导 一个主语从句,谓语动词用_____形式。 When the person was murdered and why he was murdered _____ (is/are)still unknown. What 引导的主语从句,可根据表语决定 What he needs ____ that book. What he needs ____some books. it 作形式主语和形式宾语 考点 6 1. _____ is known to us all that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. (福建 2008) _____ is known to us all, the 2008 Olympic Games

will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which 2. He didn’t make ____ clear when and where the meeting would be held.(07 年天津卷) A. this B. that C. it D. these 总结归纳: 当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时,常常将从句 ______,而用 it 作为形式主语置于句首。it 也可作 形式宾语。 考点 7 名词性从句中虚拟语气的使用 1. It is ordered that he _____ the examination. A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take 2. It is strange that he _____ you this. A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told 3. His suggestion that you ____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try ①名词性从句中出现了表“建议”,“命令”,“请求” 类的词如: demand, order (名词同), suggest(名词为 suggestion), propose(名词为 proposal), require (名词 为 request) advise(名词为 advice)时从句要用虚拟语 气, 结构为 should + do, should 可省略 ②It is important/ necessary/ natural/ strange that … (should) do ③wish 引导的宾语从句中要用虚拟语气, 分与现在、 过去、将来相反三种情况。 表示现在,从句用:_________________ 表示过去,从句用:_________________ 表示将来,从句用:_________________ 考点 8 that 的省略 1. That he wants to go there is obvious. 2. The news that our team won the match inspired us. 3. The result is that we won the game. 4. I am sure (that) he will come tomorrow. 5. He told me (that) his father had died and that he had to live alone. 6. The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do. 7. He said that, if invited, he would come. 归纳:that 引导______________从句时,不能省略。 that 引导______从句时一般可省略,但在以下几种 情况中不能省略。 1)当句中有两个或两上以上 that 宾语从句时,第 _____个 that 及后面的不能省略; 2) that 引导的宾语从句作_____宾语时不能省略。 当 3)当 that 引导的宾语从句前后__________不能省略
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考点 9 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 1. The suggestion ______he raised at the meeting is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. / 2. The suggestion ____ the students (should) have plenty of exercise is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. / 小结:同位语从句前的名词是一个具有抽象意味的 名词。 从句就是其内容。 在从句中_______成分。 that 而定语从句就是对前先行词进行修饰限定,关系词 应代替先行词在从句中____句子成分。 1. (09 江西)The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though 做题时注意“二看”:一看_____是否完整 二看_____确定答案。 三.对比练习 1. ___ he made an important speech at the meeting was true. A. That B. Why C. What D. How 2. ____ makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever 1. ___we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather . A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 2. -----I wonder ____you’ll water this kind of flower. ------Every other day.(09 四川) A. how often B. how long C. how soon D. how much 1. _____is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. 2. _____is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. That D. What 1. —Is there any possibility ____ you could pick me up at the airport? —No problem. (09 浙江) A. when B. that C. whether D. what 2. (09 北京)At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see ___ it get any better. A. when B. how C. why D. if 1. It is generally considered unwise to give a child _____he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

2. Could I speak to ___ is in charge of International Sales please ? A. who B. no matter who C. whoever D. whomever 1.Jane is no longer ___ she was four years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. when 2. What the doctors really doubt is _____my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. why 四.专项练习 A)用适当的连词填空。 1.____ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 2.____ he said at the meeting surprised us greatly. 3.It worried her a lot ____ her wallet was lost. 4.Can you tell me ____ that woman is? 5.I wonder ____ we can do about the problem of pollution. 6.The fact ____ she works hard is well known to us all. 7.I have not found my bike yet,in fact,I"m not sure ____ I could have done with it. 8.Can you tell me ____ exercise is the easiest? 9.I know nothing about her but ____ she is from Canada. 10. The reason why he has been such a success is ____ he never gives up. The reason _____ he explained to me is unbelievable. The days ______ we were together were beautiful. The factory _______ my father works is a large one. 11.The question he asked was ____ the electrical equipment should be stored. 12. ____ is troubling me is I don"t have any experience in this kind of work. 13.It has been found ____ plastics can widely be used in industries. 14.____ fashion differs from country to country may reflect the cultural differences between countries. 15.____ he enjoys are geography and English. 16.____ she couldn"t understand was ____ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. 17.Someone is ringing the doorbell.Go and see ____ it is. 18.—I went to see you at about ten this morning,but you were not in the office. —Oh,that was probably ____ I was talking with the headmaster.
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19.His ability has never been in doubt—the question is ____ he is prepared to work hard. 20.You have not yet answered my question regarding ____ or not I can join in the party tonight. B)把下列名词性从句变为简单句。 1.It brought us a lot of trouble that so many visitors arrived at the same time. 2.He pretended that he did not know us. 3.I"m sorry that I"ve kept you waiting. 4. problem is where we can get the new materials. The 5.He insisted that we should first look into the matter before drawing a conclusion. C)单句改错。 1.It is suggested that the experiment will be made under low temperature. 2. Whom do you think will teach us maths next term? 3. made that quite clear that he wouldn"t change his He mind. 4.It’s sure that tomorrow will be a fine day. 5.The fact you are safe is very important. 6.The question is if he will come. 7.The reason why he didn"t pass the examination was he didn"t study hard. 8. worried her mother a lot why the girl did not come It back. 9.Scientists proved that the earth went round the sun. 10.There is no doubt whether you"ll be warmly welcomed. D)用名词性从句完成下列各句。 1._____________(人们如何解决各种社会问题) is not yet clear. 2._____________(我们能否减少能量消耗)is very important. 3.My suggestion is_____________(你在读完一篇 文章后要试着写一篇摘要). 4.The trouble is_____________(在哪里才能找到课 本). 5._____________(认识到这只是风俗的不同), the foreigner smiled and said nothing. 6.He was never satisfied with or proud of _____________(他所取得的成就).

7. _____________ (他没有来这个事实) shows that he was not serious about it. 8.Soon word came_____________(他们将刊 出他们的研究结果). 9.I made it clear_____________(表明决心执 行这个计划). 10.Jack put forward a suggestion_____________(全家星期天外出野餐). Keys: A) Whether 2. 1. What 3. that 4. who 5. what 6.that 7.what 8.which 9.that 10.that 11.where 12. What; 13. 14. that that That 15. What 16. What; why 17.who 18.because 19.whether 20.whether B) The arrival of so many visitors at the same 1. time brought us a lot of trouble. 2.He pretended not to know us. 3.I"m sorry to have kept you waiting. 4.The problem for us is where to get the new materials. 5. insisted on our first looking into the matter He before drawing a conclusion. C)1.去掉 will 或 will→should 2.Whom→ Who 3. that→it 4. sure→certain 5. 后加 that 6. fact if →whether 7.was 后加 that 8.why→that 9.went→ goes 10.whether→that D)1.How people can solve the various social problems 2.Whether we can reduce the use of energy 3.that you should try writing a summary after reading a text 4.where the textbook can be found 5.Having realized that it was just the difference in custom 6.what he had achieved 7.The fact that he didn"t come

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