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【北师大版】2014届高三英语一轮复习精品课件:模块 2 (全套)


高中英语

模块2

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Unit 4 Unit 6

Cyberspace Design

第5讲 Unit 5 Rhythm
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佳 作 晨 读 基

础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第4讲 Unit 4

Cyberspace

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第4讲

Unit 4

Cyberspace

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

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[2012· 重庆卷] 某国际网站提供个人闲置 物品交换服务。现在,你打算通过该网站 将自己的一件闲置品与他人交换(exchange)。 请你用英文在该网站上发帖,发布物品交 换信息。内容应包括: ·你将拿出什么物品进行交换 ·具体介绍该物品 ·你希望换回什么物品 ·请愿意交换的朋友给你留言
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第4讲

Unit 4

Cyberspace

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佳 作 晨 ? 注 意: 读

? 1.词数100左右; ? 2.格式不限; ? 3.文中不得使用考生真实姓名和学校名称。 ?

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 I would like to offer my MP3 to exchange with 晨 读 whoever is interested in it. My MP3 is in good condition
(with the capacity of 4G) which is a famous band — SAMSUNG. I bought it one year ago but now my uncle gifted me another bigger one.

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佳 I do like to have someone exchange with me for an 作 晨 English text book of TOEFL, for I am going to get some 读 preparation for this kind of test when I am in college. I
sincerely hope that this book contains some model test material with records of tapes or MP3.

Drop me a line if you are interested in my offer.

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Cyberspace

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 晨 1.行文逻辑:具体介绍自己的物品→希望换回的物品→ 读 请愿意交换的朋友留言。
2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: offer,in good condition,gift,exchange with sb. for…等。

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佳 作 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: 晨 whoever is interested in it (宾语从句); which is a 读 famous band (定语从句);for I am going to get some
preparation for this kind of test (原因状语从句) when I am in college (时间状语从句);Drop me a line if you are interested in my offer (祈使句和if引导的条件状语 从句);do like (强调结构)。

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Cyberspace

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 criminal crime 基 1.________n.增长;生长 ? terror terrorist 础 →________v.生长;种植 terrorism 梳 entertainment entertain ? 理 2.________n.犯罪;罪行 →________n.罪犯disappearance disappear ? 3.________n.恐怖分子→________n.恐 惧→________n.恐怖主义 ? 4.____________n.娱乐,款待 →________v.娱乐,招待
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growth

grow

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Unit 4
harm scientific

Cyberspace
harmful science

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? 6.________vt. & n.伤害,损害 scientist 基 →________adj.有害的 fashionable fashion 础 ? 7.________adj.科学的→______n.科学 梳 suggestion →___________n.科学家 suggest 理 arrange arrangement ? 8.________n.时髦,时尚 →____________adj.时髦的,时尚的 ? 9.___________n.提议,建议 →________vt.建议 ? 10.____________n.安排→________vt.安 返回目录 排

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Cyberspace

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? ? 基? 础 ? 梳 理? ? ? ? ? ?

Ⅱ.短语检测 come true 1.实现________________ as if/though 2.好像,仿佛 _______________ take action hang/hold on 3.采取行动 _______________ get in touch with 4.别挂电话__________________ be up to sb 5.和??取得联系_______________ cut off be _______________ 6.由某人决定known as take over 7.切掉,切断 _______________ in the flesh 8.作为??著称_______________ 9.接收,接管 返回目录

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.it作形式主语 it is clear ? 基? …“____________________we are going ? 础 to see a huge ? 梳 growth in shopping on the Internet.” ? 理? do you think ? ……“显然,我们会看到网上购物的巨 大增长。” ? 2.do you think作插入语 ? Which of the predictions____________________ will 返回目录 come true?

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Unit 4

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? 3. not only…but also…“ 不 仅??而 且 ??” not only but also We would____________ be able to travel 基? 础 around the world,____________ go to 梳 study in any world famous universities we 理 wanted to. ? 我们不但能在全世界旅行,而且可以 去任何一所我们想去的世界著名的大学学 习。 ?

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? 4.see+宾语+宾补(doing)“看见……正 working see living 在……” I ________ people ________ and 基? 础 ________in a virtual world. 梳 ? 我看到人们在一个虚拟的世界中生活 it 理 和工作。 ? 5.it作形式宾语 ? But I still find ______________ hard to imagine. ? 但是我还是发现它难以想象。 返回目录 ?

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Unit 4

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 likely adj. (that is expected,probable)有可能的, 预期的;(that seems suitable for a purpose)有希望的; 适当的,正合要求的adv.或许,很可能 unlikely adj. 不大可能的 be likely/unlikely to 很有可能/不可能 考 【经典句式】 点 It is likely+that从句,表示“有可能……”。 探 【注意事项】 析 likely用作副词时,通常与most,very一起使用。

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【词语辨析】 probable,likely与possible (1)三个词均表示“可能的”,但可能性不同,从大到 小的顺序为:probable>likely>possible,具体见 下图:

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(2)三个词均可用于It is…that…结构。 (3)只有likely可以用人作主语,Sb is/are likely to… (4)possible和likely后可接不定式,而probable不与不定式 连用。

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?信息匹配] Researchers have also found that empathetic teenagers are more likely to have high selfrespect. 研究者还发现感性的青少年更可能有高度的自尊。 the most likely girl (2)She is __________________ to win the prize. 她是最有希望获奖的女孩。

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(3)—Would she mind playing against her former teammates? 她会介意与她之前的队友们对垒吗? Not likely — __________________ ! She is willing to play against any tough players. 大概不会!她喜欢与任何强劲的选手比赛。 unlikely/not likely (4)It is __________________ that I should accept such an offer as that. 我不大可能接受像那样的资助。

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(5)Studies show that people are more ________ to suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours. A.likely B.possible C.probable D.sure [解析] A 考查形容词词义辨析。所填词作表语,主 语是人,由more来修饰,意思是:可能的,选A。 其中四个选项中possible和probable也都有“可能的” 之意,但它们作表语时主语只能是物,sure在此处 意思不恰当。

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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affect v.影响;作用;感动 (1)be affected by 被??所感动(影响) be affected with 患上??疾病 (2)effect n.效果;作用;影响 v.使产生;引起 have an effect on 对??有影响 come into effect 实施,实行 in effect 实际上,事实上

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Cyberspace

【词语辨析】 affect,effect与influence (1)affect指“产生的影响之大足以引起反应”,着重“影响” 的动作,有时含有“对……产生不利影响”的意思。 如: She was deeply affected by the news of her father's ? 考 death.她父亲去世的消息使她深受影响。

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(2)effect作“影响”讲时,通常用作名词,构成have an effect on“对??有影响”。 effect作动词时,指“使(某 事物)产生;使发生,引起”,着重指“造成”一种特殊 的效果。 如: This had a great effect upon the future of both mother and son. 这对母子俩的将来影响都很大。 (3)influence 有动词和名词两个词性,指“通过说服、举例 对行动、思想、性格等产生不易觉察到的、潜移默化 的影响”。如: I don't want to influence you. You must decide for yourself.我不想影响你。你必须自行决定。
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读C] The research also found that stress appears to affect decisionmaking differently in men and women. 该研究还发现压力似乎对男女做决定有不同的影响。 can affect (2)Music __________________ some people strongly. 音乐可以深深影响一些人。

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will have a great effect on (3)This __________________________ the future of both you and me. 这将对你和我的未来产生很大影响。 come into effect (4)New controls will __________________ next month. 新的调控下个月将生效。 (5)He __________________ by his biology teacher to was influenced take up the study of medicine. 他受他的生物老师的影响而从事医学研究。

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(6)We are interested in the weather because it________ us so directly—what we wear,what we do and even how we feel. A.changes B.influences C.affects D.effects [解析] C affect “影响”,作谓语; change 改变; influence指潜移默化的影响;effect作动词时意为 “使产生,引起”。

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

3

reject vt. (refuse to accept sb or sth) 拒绝,不接受; (put sth aside or throw it away)摒弃 rejection n.拒绝 reject an offer of help 拒绝别人提供的帮助

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?阅读D] There are plenty of wellqualified candidates, so it is not wrong to reject someone who might disappoint my customers. 有很多优秀的求职者,因此拒绝可能会让我的顾客 失望的人并没有错。 reject him (2)He was afraid she would________________because he was a foreigner. 他担心她会因他不是本国人而拒绝他。 rejected all our ideas (3)The board__________________________. 董事会拒绝我们所有的意见。
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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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考 点 探 析

rejected for (4)They________his application ________membership. 他们拒绝考虑他的会员资格申请。 (5)[2011?江苏卷] —Are you still mad at her? — Not really, but I can't________ that her remarks hurt me. A.deny B.refuse C.reject D.decline [解析] A 考查动词词义辨析。A项意为“否认”; B项意为“拒绝”;C项意为“拒绝,抵制”;D项 意为“下降,谢绝”。句意:“你仍然生她的气 吗?”“不完全是,但是我无法否认她的评论伤了 我。”根据句意可知选A项。
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Unit 4

Cyberspace

4

offer n.& vt. 提供,提议;优惠 (1)make an offer to do sth 主动提出做某事 (2)offer to do sth 主动提出做某事 offer sb sth 提供某人某物 (3)offering n. 提供;给予;礼物;祭品

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?完形] I never actually expected to get the job. After being offered the position, I was completely astonished. 我从没真正想到会得到这个工作。被提供了这个职位之 后,我完全震惊了。 考 (2)He________________ to the country. offered his life 点 他把生命献给了祖国。 探 (3)She____________________ the box for her mother. offered to carry 析 她主动提出要帮她母亲搬箱子。 offer of help (4)Thanks for your____________________. 谢谢你提供的帮助。
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Unit 4

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考 点 深 析

(5)China,with a large population,________the WTO on November 10,2001,________China a new place at the table of nations. A.attended; given B.joined; offering C.joined; offered D.took part in; given [解析] B “加入一个组织”用join, 符合“加入世界 贸易组织”的语境。前一句与offer构成主谓关系, 因此第二空用主动形式的v.ing形式(作状语)。

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

settle v.安放;安居,定居;解决 (1)settle down (使)平静下来;定居;成家 settle (down)to sth 开始认真对待某事 (2)settled adj. 固定的,不变的,永久的 settlement n. 移民;和解;清算,清账 settler n. 定居者 ? 考 【经典例句】 ? 点 That settles it! (口)事情就那样定了!

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?完形] When I settled in Chicago, my new city seemed so big and unfriendly. 在我刚刚定居芝加哥的时候,新的城市对我而言好 像是如此的庞大而冷漠。 (2)After returning from abroad, settled in they________________________ Beijing. 从国外回来之后,他们就在北京定居了。 settle (3)The medicine can________your nerves. 这种药能镇定你的神经。

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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考 点 深 析

(4)He hated to travel here and there. He wanted to get married and__________________. settle down 他讨厌到处游荡。他想结婚稳定下来了。 (5)The two families have________ their disagreements out of court in a friendly way and this is what all of us expected to see. A.settled B.asked C.defeated D.overcame [解析] A

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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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suggest vt.建议;表明 (1)suggest sth to sb 向某人提议(建议)某事 suggest that…(should)do sth 建议……(从句的 谓语动词用虚拟语气,should可以省略) suggest doing sth 提议(建议)做某事 (2)suggestion n. [C] 提议,意见 make/offer a suggestion 提议,建议 温馨提示 (1)主语+suggest(表明;暗示)+that clause(动词 不需要用虚拟语气)。 (2)主语+suggest (建议,提议)+that clause[动词 需要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形]。
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Unit 4

Cyberspace

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考 点 探 析

【知识拓展】 advise,suggest,propose,order,command insist,demand,require,request,recommend等 表示建议、命令、要求的动词,后面跟宾语从句时谓 语动词常用虚拟结构should do,should可以省略。但 insist表示“坚持认为(……观点、想法)”时,suggest 表 示“暗示;表明”时,其后的宾语从句常用陈述句语 气。 如: The young man insisted that he hadn‘t taken that wallet and that he (should)not be punished. 那个年轻人坚称他没有拿那个钱包,不应该受到惩罚。 返回目录

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读C] Such comments seem to suggest Kahlo had a big influence on the art world of her time. 这样的评论似乎表明Kahlo对她那个时代的艺术界产 生了巨大的影响。 (2)His serious expression suggested that something had happened __________________. 他严肃的表情表明已经发生了一些事。

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【活学活用】 (should) tell (3)Dad suggested that I ________________ my teacher the truth. 爸爸建议我应该告诉老师真相。 (should) buy (4)The boy insisted that he __________________ a computer. 男孩坚持认为他应该买一个电脑。 (should)be sent (5)Who do you suggest ______________ (send) to work there? [解析] suggest(建议)后的宾语从句常用虚拟语气, 谓语动词形式为“should+动词原形”,should可 以省略。
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attractive adj.吸引人的,有魅力的 attract vt. 吸引 attract one's attention 引起某人的注意 attract sb to sth 把某人吸引到…… attraction n. 吸引力 【知识拓展】 draw/catch/hold/absorb one‘s attention 引起某人的注意

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?完形] In some situations, those who are physically attractive are more likely to receive aid. 在 一些情况下,那些外表有魅力的人更容易得到帮助。 attractive (2)Her dark eyes are very__________. 她的黑眼睛很迷人。

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【活学活用】 attraction (3)I can't see the____________of sitting on the beach all day. 我看不出整天坐在沙滩上有什么意思。 attracted (4)The dog was___________ by the smell of the meat. 狗受到了肉味的诱惑。 attractive (5)It is agreed that Zhang Ziyi is an________ (attract) actress. [解析] attractive“迷人的,有吸引力的”。句意: 大家一致同意,章子怡是一位很有魅力的演员。

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average adj.(无比较级)平均的,平常的 n.平均,平均数;一般水平,平均标准 on (an/the)average 平均 below/beyond the average 低于/超过平均数 【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?阅读B] Merrigan is afraid the average age will be even higher when the 2012 statistics are completed. Merrigan担心在2012年的统计完成之后,这个平均 年龄将会更高。

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On average (2)__________________, she received two letters a month.她平均每个月收到两封信。 average age (3)The __________________ of the students in their class is 16. 他们班学生的平均年龄是16岁。 The average (4)__________________ of 49 and 57 is 53. 49和57的平均数是53。

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(5)Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a (n)________ of 40,000 per year. A.average B.number C.amount D.quantity [解析] A 考查名词辨析。句意:去年有驾照的毕业 生的数量达到20万,平均每年4万。an average of…per year 表示 “平均每年??”。

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 as well as 除??之外,也,还,和 as well 也,又,还 A as well as B=not only B but (also)A 不但B……,而且A也……(连接并列成分) may/might as well do sth ? 考 做某事倒也无妨,只好做某事

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温馨提示 (1)as well多用于口语中,表示肯定意义,无需用逗号 与句子分开,常位于句末,也可用于句中,表示 “也好,也行”。 (2)“A as well as B”作主语时,谓语动词要随A的人称 和数而变化。

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【词语辨析】 also,too,as well与either 这几个词(短语)都可以表示“也”,但用法不同(also, too,as well都不用于否定句,either用于否定句): (1)also色彩较庄重,通常用于实义动词之前或系动词、 助动词之后。 ? 考 She is young and pretty,and also very rich. ? 点 她年轻又漂亮,而且还很富有。

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(2)too和as well较为通俗,通常用于句末。 I like bananas,but I like oranges as well/too. 我喜欢香蕉,可我也喜欢柑橘。 (3)either用于否定句中。 I haven't read the book and my brother hasn't,either. 我没有读过那本书,我兄弟也没读过。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读B] The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences.(这个 问题的)答案很大程度上取决于文化价值观和个人经 历。 as well as (2)Nursing is a duty ________________ responsibility. 护理工作既是职业又是职责。 (3)Since you'll be seeing him tonight, might as well you______________________________ give him this letter. 既然你今晚要见他,你不妨把这封信给他。
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come true 实现 come through (新闻,消息)传来;康复 come across 偶遇,碰到;(感觉、想法等)被表达清楚 come to 苏醒;复原;共计;达到 come up 升起;发生;出现;被提及;被讨论 come to an end 终止,结束

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【词语辨析】 realise与come true realise和come true都有“实现(理想/愿望等)”之意, 但用法不一样。 (1)realise是及物动词,常用于sb realise sth 的结构。 (2)come true 是不及物动词词组,通常用表示理想、 ? 考 愿望等的名词作句子的主语,不能用于被动语态。

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?开放作文] In pursuing a dream,we might focus on only one way of making it come true, forgetting that there may be alternatives. 在追求梦想中,我们可能只关注实现梦想的一条路 径,而忘记了可能还会有其他方法。 (2)The shock made her hesitate for a moment but she came to quickly __________________ herself again. 这一打击使她踌躇片刻,但很快就又恢复正常了。

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(3)He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not come across really __________________. 他说了很长时间,但是他的意思并没有表达清楚。 come up (4)The question is bound to __________________ at the meeting.这个问题在会议上必定会被提及。 come true (5)So will all these new ideas __________________ in the future? 那么这些新的想法在将来都会实现吗?

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up to 从事,正在做;达到某种程度;直到 be up to (doing)sth 忙于(做)某事(尤指坏事);胜任某事 be up to sb (to do sth ) 由某人决定、负责(做某事) up to now 到目前为止

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?阅读A] He cycled through heavy rains and temperatures of up to 45 degrees, all to help people in need. 他在大雨中和高达45度的气温中骑车,全为了帮助 需要帮助的人。 Up to now (2) __________,he has learnt 300 Chinese poems. 直到现在,他已经学了300首中国诗歌。 not up to (3)He is __________________ the position in the office. 他不能胜任办公室的岗位。

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not up to (3)He is __________________ the position in the office. 他不能胜任办公室的岗位。 up to (4)The number of sheep is __________________ 1,000 in total now. 绵羊的数量现在共计达到1000头了。

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(5)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ] —What shall we do tonight then? —________ —whatever you want. A.Help yourself B.It's a deal C.No problem D.It's up to you [解析] D 考查交际用语。根据答话人说的“你想做 什么就做什么”,说明由问话人自己来做决定。而 Help yourself.表示“请随意取用”; It’s a deal.表 示“就这么办吧”;No problem.表示“没问题”; It’s up to you表示“由你来决定”。A、B、C三项 均与句意 不符。
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cut off 切掉;切断(水、电、煤气等的)供应;隔绝 cut out 切去;删掉 cut up 切碎;使难过 cut down 砍倒;压缩;缩减 cut through 刺穿,凿穿

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【活学活用】 (1)This creature's tail will regenerate if it is cut off. 这种动物的尾巴如果被割掉,会再生出来。 (2)I was speaking to Ann on the phone when suddenly cut off we were __________________. 我正在和安打电话,突然电话被切断了。 through cut (3)The ship __________________ her way ________ the wave. 航船破浪前行。 Cutting down (4)__________________ costs is a good way to make profits. 降低成本是一种很好的赚钱方式。

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考 点 探 析

cut out (5)Don't hesitate to __________________ the useless information in your passage. 不要犹豫,把你文章中的无用信息删掉。 (6)As a result of the snowstorm,the village was________ from the outside world for more than a week. A.cut down B.cut off C.cut out D.cut up [解析] B 考查动词词组辨析。cut off“切断,阻 隔”;cut down“减少,降低”;cut out“切去, 删掉”;cut up“切碎”。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 Some experts see our future in virtual reality— the use of computers with sounds and pictures that make you feel as if you are in a real situation. 有些专家看到了虚拟现实中我们的未来——是计算机 通过声音和图像模拟现实,以使人感到仿佛置身于一 ? 考 个真实的空间。

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句型公式

as if 似乎是,好像是

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【句式点拨】 (1)as if=as though“似乎是,好像是”。 (2)当说话者认为句子所述的是真实的或极有可能发生 的事时,as if从句用陈述句语气。 (3)当说话者认为句子所述的不是真实的或极少有可能 发生的事时,as if从句用虚拟语气。 ①如果从句表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用一般 过去时。 ②如果从句表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用过 去完成时。 ③如果从句表示与将来事实相反,谓语动词用 would/could/might+动词原形。
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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读D] One person, on losing a job or a special relationship, may feel as if it is the end of the world and sink into terrible suffering for months, years, or even a lifetime. 一个人,在丢了工作或结束 一段特殊关系时可能感觉这就是世界末日而数月、 数年甚至终生陷入极度的痛苦中。 (2)When a pencil is partly in a glass of water,it looks were broken as if it __________________. 当一支铅笔部分浸入水中时,看起来它就像断了 一样。
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(3)My English teacher is over forty years. But he looks were as if he __________________ just in his twenties. 我的英语老师40多岁了,但是他看起来好像只有20 多岁。

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(4)[2012?北京卷] Don't handle the vase as if it ________ made of steel. A.is B.were C.has been D.had been [解析] B 考查虚拟语气。as if引导的方式状语从句 中一般使用虚拟语气。对现在的假设用一般过去时, 其中be动词用were。句意:别把那个花瓶当成钢制 的来拿。

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But I still find it hard to imagine. 但是我还是发现它难以想象。 句型公式 动词+it+adj./n.+ to do (it作形式宾语)

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【句式点拨】 it在句中充当形式宾语,后面的动词不定式to imagine 为真正的宾语。如: We all find it difficult to make him change his mind. 我们都发现让他改变主意很难。 find,think,consider,believe,feel,make等动词 后常跟复合宾语,且常用it作形式宾语,而将作宾语 的动词不定式移到宾语补足语的后面。it不能用that, this,one等代替。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?全国卷Ⅱ?阅读D] If you invite people to a party at 7 o‘clock your guests will consider it polite to turn up exactly on time in Germany,five minutes early in the American Midwest,an hour early in Japan. ? 考 如果你邀请别人参加7点的派对,你德国的朋友会认为 ? 点 准时到达才礼貌,而美国中西部的朋友则提前五分 ? 探 钟,日本的朋友提前一小时。

? 析

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it important to (2)I think____________________master a foreign language. 我认为掌握一门外语很重要。 it a pity (3)I feel____________that he can't come. 他没能来我觉得很遗憾。 it impossible (4)All these noises made ____________ for me to go on with the work. ? 考 所有这些噪音让我无法继续工作。

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 egular 1.His pulse is not very r________,sometimes fast while sometimes slow. ettled 2.He missed his homeland very much when he s________ down abroad. verage 3.The a________ of 4,6 and 8 is 6. artificial 4.This________(人造的)leather feels like the real thing. 5.Television,Internet and radio all give us entertainment everyday______________(娱乐).

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Ⅱ.选词填空

as if, carry out, hold on, be up to, get in 1. The government has planned to build a large park in the touch with

carried out suburb,which the residents would like to see ________ soon. get in touch with 2.We will________________________ you soon if you pass the interview. 3.—Is that Mr Lee speaking? Hold on —____________,and I'll see if he is in.

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4.—Who should I invite to my birthday party,mum? is up to —It________________ you,dear. 5.The sky was darkened by the heavy smoke pouring from as if the factory____________ it were going to rain.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.—Will you go to the history museum tomorrow? —Sure I will,________it doesn't rain heavily. A.in case B.as if C.as long as D.even if [解析] C 考查状语从句的连接词。由语境可知,只要 不下大雨,“我”就会去。as long as “只要”,符合语 境。in case “以防”;as if“好像”;even if “尽管”。

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2.—So you gave her your phone? —________. She said she'd return it to me when she could afford her own. A.My pleasure B.Not exactly C.No doubt D.No wonder [解析] B 考查情景对话。从答句的后半部分“她说等 她能买得起她自己的手机时,她会把手机还给我”可 知,并非真的把手机给她了。My pleasure.是对他人感 谢的答语;Not exactly.表示“不完全如此”,符合语 ? 跟 境;No doubt.表示“毫无疑问”;No wonder.表示 ? 踪 “难怪??”。

? 训 ? 练

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3.Heath is very kind and always comes with a(n)________ of help whenever we need it. A.invitation B.service C.suggestion D.offer [解析] D 考查名词词义辨析。invitation“邀请”; service“服务,招待”;suggestion“建议”; offer“主动 提供”。

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4.I don't fancy________ such a long distance in such bad weather. A.to walk B.walk C.walking D.walked [解析] C 考查动词用法。 fancy doing sth “喜欢做 某事”。

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5.Affected by the financial crisis,Jack's business is not as good as before,so he has to________ the expenses of his company. A.cut off B.cut away C.cut up D.cut down [解析] D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:受经济危机的影 响,杰克的生意不如以前好了,所以他不得不减少公 司的开支。故选D。cut down 在这里表示“压缩,缩 减”。

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6.Shanghai,________the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, is well known for “the Oriental Pearl”. A.locating B.locating at C.located on D.located at [解析] C 考查固定搭配。be located on “位于??”, 作定语时,用located on 的形式。

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7.________,but it is also a good idea to reduce the potential dangers. A.Not only a fun thing is it to do B.Not only a fun thing to do it is C.Not only it is a fun thing to do D.Not only is it a fun thing to do [解析] D 考查倒装句。 not only…but also…连接两个 并列的分句,且not only位于句首时,前面分句要部分 倒装。

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8.He was very angry to see a blind man________ by some nasty boys,so he drove them away. A.laugh at B. to be laughed at C.laughing at D.being laughed at [解析] D 考查非谓语动词。laugh at与a blind man之 间为动宾关系。see sb doing sth 表示 “看见某人正在 做某事”。

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9.—Honey, can we move into our new house tomorrow? —Sorry. The walls ________. A.are being painted B.have been painted C.were painted D.will be painted [解析] A 考查动词的时态与语态。句意:“亲爱的, 我们明天能乔迁新居吗?”“对不起,墙壁正在粉 刷。”由此可知用现在进行时的被动语态,描述说话 时或目前正在发生的动作。

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10.—Shall we go to the art exhibition right away? —________. A.It's your opinion B.No C.It's all up to you D.That's your decision [解析] C 考查情景交际。句意:“我们立刻去看艺 术展好吗?”“由你决定。”根据句意可以很明确地 选择C。

请完成课时作业?四?

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阅读写作(四) [应用文写作之投 诉信]

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◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 在生活中,人们经常会遇到一些令人伤脑筋的事 情,比如消费利益受损、正常生活和工作受到干扰 等,此时写封投诉信不失为一个解决问题的办法。 投诉信通常包括以下几个方面的内容:说明投诉 的原因并表示遗憾;实事求是地阐述问题发生的经过, 切记不要夸大其词;指出问题引起的后果;提出批评 及处理的意见或敦促对方采取措施,或者提出所希望 的赔偿以及补救方式。组织提纲时要遵循 “三步 走”的写作规律:

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第一段:表明来信所要投诉的问题,尽可能做到客 观礼貌,给读信人留下好印象。应该记住读信人不一 定就是错误的责任人,他的合作对事情的最终圆满解 决有着非常重要的作用。 第二段:写明投诉的原因、问题的经过及产生的后 果。可以说具体的理由,也可以说问题的具体体现方 式。 第三段:提出解决方案,不需展开。这段应体现书 信的礼貌原则,可以用类似“如果你能??,我将十 分感激”这样的表达方式。还要注意做到公平、公正。

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◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.段首常用语: (1)I am writing to make a complaint about… (2)I am most reluctant to complain,but… (3)One annoying aspect of your service is… (4)I have been pleased with your services for years, but now I feel very disappointed. (5)I would like to draw your attention to the problem/fault… (6)I am writing to inform you that I find…unsatisfactory. (7)I wish to express my dissatisfaction/disappointment about…
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2.段尾常用语: (1)It would be highly appreciated if you could… (2)I believe you will take my complaints seriously and… (3)I hope you will give due attention to this matter. (4)I would like to get this matter settled by the end of this month. (5)I could not be more satisfied if you can kindly… (6)I would appreciate it very much if you could…

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3.投诉信格式模板: Dear ________, I am _________ (自我介绍). I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about __________ (抱怨的事情). The reason for my dissatisfaction is __________ (总体 介绍). In the first place, ________ (抱怨的第一个 方面). In addition, _________ (抱怨的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find it ________ (感觉) to ___________ (抱怨的方面带来的后果).

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I appreciate it very much if you could ___________ (提出建议和要求), preferably ____________ (进一步的 要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______________ (设定解决事情最后期限). Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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【活学活用】 假定你是李华,学校广播站英语节目向全校学生征求 英文稿件,请根据下面提示写一份英文投诉信件: 1.我收到你们上个月的话费单后发现有些计算错误, 我觉得我被多收(overcharge)了两项国际长途费用。 2.但当我打电话询问客服部门时,接电话的女孩态度 非常粗鲁。一方面她总是打断我的话,另一方面她 甚至说错误在我。 3. 我建议对这个女孩进行惩罚,另外告诉她该如何对 待客户。我希望她能向我正式道歉。

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注意: 1.此投诉信应写给电信公司(China telecom)客服经理; 2.信的开头与结尾已给出; 3.词数:100左右。

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Dear Sir, I am writing to let you know the deplorable attitude of one of your staff members. _______________________ _____________________________________________ An early response will be appreciated. Sincerely yours , Li Hua

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【参考范文】 Dear Sir, I am writing to let you know the deplorable attitude of one of your staff members. I received my telephone bill for the previous month from you and thought there were some errors in calculation; I had been overcharged for two overseas calls.

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However, when I called your Complaints Department, the girl who answered my phone was very rude. For one thing she interrupted me continually; for another she even said that it was my own fault. Needless to say, such a way of dealing with customers is unacceptable. I would like to suggest that the girl in question should be disciplined, and instructed on the proper way to deal with clients. And I hope she can make a formal apology to me. An early response will be appreciated. Sincerely yours, Li Hua
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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第5讲 Unit 5

Rhythm

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

[2012?天津卷] 假设你是李津,你的美国 朋友Chris就读于天津某国际学校。他热爱 中国文化,特别是戏曲文化。8月5日下午2: 00在新落成的天津大剧院将上演越剧《梁 山伯与祝英台》。请你根据以下提示,用 英语给Chris写一封电子邮件, 邀请他一起 观看演出。 ? ? 提出邀请并简述原因; ? ? 提出观剧后活动建议(如参观附近的博物 馆或美术 返回目录

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佳 作 晨 ? 注意: 读

? 1.请使用规范英语,词数不少于100; ? 2.可适当加入细节,以使内容充实、行文 连贯; ? 3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 ? 参考词汇: ? 越剧 Shaoxing Opera ? 《梁山伯与祝英台》 Butterfly Lovers ? 天津大剧院 Tianjin Grand Theater 返回目录

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 晨 Dear Chris, I have good news to tell you. I'd like to invite you to 读
see Butterfly Lovers, a famous Chinese Shaoxing Opera,

which is to be put on at the newly built Tianjin Grand Theater at 2:00 pm on August 5th. As your close friend, I know you are fond of Chinese culture, especially opera
culture.

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佳 Of course, besides going to the theater, we can do 作 晨 some other meaningful things, such as visiting the museum 读 or the art gallery nearby, which both contain a lot of items
of great value. I'm sure that we will have a good time. I'm looking forward to receiving your reply.
Best wishes.
Yours, Li Jin

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:提出邀请并简述原因→提出观剧后活 晨 读 动建议→请求对方回复。较好地使用了连接词,如:
besides等。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: put on,be fond of,meaningful,such as,contain,of great value,have a good time,look forward to等。

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。 作 晨 如:非限制性定语从句 which is to be put on at the newly 读 built Tianjin Grand Theater (同时使用了be to do 结构);
which both contain a lot of items。非谓语动词going to the theater; visiting the museum…等。

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 effectively 基 1.________n.效果,作用→________adj. disappoint disappointed ? 础 disappointing 有效的→___________adv.有效地 梳 disappointment ? 理 2._________vt.使失望→___________adj.感 performance perform 到失望的→_____________adj.令人失望的→ performer ? ________________ n. 失望 ? 3.___________n.表演;演奏→________v .表演→__________n.表演者
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anger angry

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? 4.________n.气愤,愤怒→________adj. creative create 基 生气的→________adv.生气地 creation 础 impress impression ? 5.________adj.有创造力的,创造性的 梳 impressive →________v.创造→________n.创造 理 music musician ? 6.________vt.使(人)印象深刻 musical →__________n.印象→__________adj.给人 印象深刻的 ? 7.________n.音乐家→______n.音乐→ ? __________adj. 音乐的
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beauty beautifully beautiful

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? 8.________n.→美,美貌;美人 immigrant immigrate 基 →___________adj.美丽的,美的 immigration 础 →___________adv.美丽地 responsible 梳 responsibility response ? 9.__________adj.移民的,移居的 理 →__________vi.移民→___________n.移民 ? 10.___________adj.有责任的,应负责任的 →________v.反应;回答 →_____________n.责任
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? Ⅱ.短语检测 be used to ? 1.习惯于 ________________ base on ? 基? 2.以??为基础 in other words ? 础 ______________________ in some ways ? 梳 be dressed in ? 3.换句话说 _______________ ? 理 back and forth ? 4.在某些方面 __________________ be responsible for ? 5.穿着 _______________ make a promise throughout/across the world ? 6.往返,来回 _______________ be impressed by ? 7.对??负责 _______________ ? 8.承诺;答应 _______________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.It+be+…+since…自从??以来?? It was ? 基? __________________ Morissette's first since ? 础 performance in England ? 梳 __________________ her song “Uninvited” ? 理 won this year's Grammy Award for the best rock song. ? 这是自莫里塞特的歌曲《Uninvited》 获得今年的格莱美最佳摇滚歌曲奖以来她 在英国的首次演出。
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? 2.“make+宾语+adj.”作宾语补足语 ? It sold 15 million copies and made world famous 基 ________her________________. 础? 唱片发售达一千五百万张,她也因此 梳 为世人瞩目。 The first time 理 ? 3.the fist time引导的时间状语从句 ? ________________________you listen , try to get the general idea and take notes. ? 第一次听时,尽力找出中心思想并记 笔记。
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? 4.“not+always”表示部分否定 wasn't always easy ? But it______________________ for the 基 young Kong Xiangdong. 础? 但这对于年轻的孔祥东并不总是容易 梳 的。 Whether 理 or ? 5.whether…or…引导让步状语从句 ? ________ Kong is changing his appearance ________transforming his music , he is a pioneer in music today. ? 无论孔祥东改变他的外表还是改变他 返回目录 的音乐风格,他今天在音乐方面都是一位

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 disappointing adj.令人失望的 disappoint vt. 使失望;挫败 disappointed adj. 沮丧的,失望的 disappointment n. 失望;挫折 show one's disappointment 表现出失望的样子 ? 考 to one's disappointment 使某人失望的是

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【词语辨析】 disappointed与disappointing (1)disappointed “失望的”,通常用来修饰人。如: He was disappointed at the result. 他对这个结果感到失望。 We were disappointed that they could not learn the lesson of history. 他们没能吸取历史教训,这使我们感到失望。 (2)disappointing “令人失望的”,通常用来修饰事或 物。如: The result was disappointing.结果令人失望。
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?阅读D] There are plenty of wellqualified candidates, so it is not wrong to reject someone who might disappoint my customers. 有很多优秀的求职者,因此拒绝可能会让我的顾客 失望的人并没有错。 To our disappointment (2)____________________________,it rained on the day of the picnic. 使我们失望的是野餐那天下雨了。 was deeply disappointed at (3)She____________________________losing the race. 比赛失利,她感到非常失望。
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are disappointed at disappointing (4)We____________________the__________________ news. 我们对这则令人失望的消息感到沮丧。

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(5)It was________ he said that________ me. A.what;disappointed B.that;disappointed C.what;disappointing D.that;disappointing [解析] A 这是一个强调句型,强调部分为what he said,整个句子缺少谓语动词,所以选用 disappointed。

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impress vt. (have a favourite effect on sb ; make sb feel admiration and respect)给……留下印象,使钦佩; 使意识到(重要性或严重性等) (1)impress sth on/upon sb = impress sb with sth 使某人对某事印象深刻 be impressed by 被??所感动 be impressed with 对??有印象

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(2)impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的 impression n. 印象;感受 leave/have/make a deep/good impression on sb 给某人留下深刻的/好的印象 【经典例句】 First impressions are half the battle. ? 考 [谚]最初的印象最深刻(先入为主)。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读表达] Even so, she impressed the world with her courage and strong desire to succeed. 即使如此,她的勇气和成功的强烈愿望给世界留下 了深刻的印象。 left a bad impression (2)He made a big mistake and he __________________ on his boss. 他犯了一个大错,给他的老板留下了一个不好的 印象。

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impressed by (3)The audience were most __________________ your performance on the stage. 观众对你在台上的表演印象最深刻。 impressed (4)He ______________ her with his sincerity. 他用他的真诚打动了她。

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(5)[2012?山东卷] My first ________ of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man. A. expression B. attention C. satisfaction D. impression [解析] D 考查名词辨析。 句意:我对他的第一印 象就是:他是一个善良而体贴的年轻人。 impression意为“印象”,符合句意。expression 表情,表达;attention 注意;satisfaction 满意。

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combine v.(cause things to join or mix together to form a whole)(使)联合,(使)结合 (1)combine sth with sth 把某物与某物结合起来 combine to do sth 联合起来做某事 (2)combination n. 结合,联合;结合体 in combination with… 和??相结合

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?江西卷?阅读C] Howard's idea was to combine the best of town and country in a new kind of settlement, the garden city. 城市花园就是Howard的意见,用一种新的定居模式 结合了城乡优势。 (2)The ______________ efforts of the emergency combined services prevented a major disaster. 紧急救援部门的共同努力避免了一次大灾难。

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combine with (3)If he can____________ his ability _________hard work, he should be very successful. 如果他能把自己的才能和勤奋结合起来,必定会很 有成就。 (4)On this course,you may study French in combination with __________________ Spanish or Italian. 在这一课程中,你可以结合西班牙语或意大利语来 学习法语。

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(5)We consider it necessary______ theory______ practice. A.combines;to B.combines; with C.to combine; to D.to combine; with [解析] D 句意:我们认为有必要把理论和实践相 结合。combine sth with sth“把某物与某物结合起 来”;consider it necessary to do sth “认为有必要 做某事”。

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represent vt.代表;描绘;表示;体现;象征;声 称,宣称 (1)represent sb /sth 作为某人/某物的代表 represent…as… 把??描绘成?? represent sb as/to be 宣称某人为?? represent sth to sb 向某人说明(传达)某事 (2)representation n. 表现;描述,描绘 representative n. 代表 adj. 典型的,有代表性的

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖南卷?阅读C] Plastic's toughness and flexibility represented a revolution in materials science during the 1950s and 1960s. 在上个世纪的五六十年代,塑料的硬度和韧性代表了材 料科学的一次革命。 ? 考 (2)She __________________ her fellow workers at the union represented ? 点 meeting. ? 探 她在工会上代表她的同事。

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(3)The officials from France made an appointment with representatives __________________ from China. 来自法国的官员与中国代表约定了见面时间。 represents (4)The story __________________ the life of a small family. 这个故事代表了小家庭的生活。

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general n.将军;概要 adj.一般的,普通的;大体 的;首席的 (1)get a general idea of 掌握/了解??的大意 general knowledge(=common knowledge/common sense) 一般知识,常识 as a general rule 一般而言;通常 in general(=generally) 一般地;大体上;通常 general principles 通则;总则

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(2)generally adv. 一般地,通常;大体上 It is generally believed/agreed/accepted/regarded/considered that… 人们普遍认为?? generally speaking 一般来讲

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读D] Many television companies have used sports to attract viewers from particular sections of the general public, and then they have sold audiences to advertisers. 许多电视台通过体育来吸引大众中的特殊人群,然 后又把这些观众卖给广告商。 the general idea (2)Why not tell me________________ of the text? 为什么不将这篇课文的大意告诉我呢?

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The general (3)________________commanded his soldiers to advance. 将军命令他的士兵向前挺进。 generally agreed that (4)It is_____________________smoking is bad for health. 人们普遍认为吸烟有害健康。

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(5)As we all know,________medical examination will help us find out health problems as early as possible. A.normal B.general C.regular D.common [解析] C 考查形容词词义辨析。normal“正常的, 常规的”;general“普遍的,大体的”; regular“定期的”;common“常见的”。

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6 transform v.(completely change the appearance or character of sth/sb )转换,转化,改变,转变,改 造 (1)transform…into… 使……变成…… (2)transformation n. 转化;改变 【词语辨析】 transform,change,shift与transfer (1)transform 强调完全改变某事、人的外观或特征。 如: She used to be terribly shy,but her staying abroad a year has completely transformed her. 她过去十分腼腆,但在国外待了一年以后她完全变了。
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(2)change 着重强调与以前不一样,是最一般的用法。 如: You've changed a lot since I last saw you. 自从我上次见到你以来,你改变了很多。 (3)shift 含有轻易变动之意,一般用于改变位置或方向。 如: The audience shifted uneasily in their seats. 观众在座位上不安地动来动去。 He shifted the load from his left to his right shoulder. 他把重物从左肩换到右肩。

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(4)transfer 意为“移交,转移”,强调从一处转移到另一 处。如: The head office has been transferred from London to Cardiff.总部已由伦敦迁至加的夫。 She's transferred to our Paris branch. 她已调到我们在巴黎的分部。 温馨提示 trans为常见前缀,意思是“转移,转换”, 如: transport(运输),transplant(移植)等。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?任务型阅读] Wolfgang's emphasis on developing positive leadership kept his managers actively involved and loyal as they successfully transformed the company into a global one. Wolfgang对发展积极的领导力的重视使得他的经理 们在公司成功地走向全球化的过程中积极参与而又 忠心。

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(2)In the last 20 years,South Korea__________________________________ a has been transformed into major industrial nation. 在过去的20年里,韩国变成了先进的工业强国。 transform the desert into (3)It is a tough job to __________________________ a green land __________________. 把沙漠变成绿地是一件艰苦的工作。

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(4)The twins look alike,but they________ in temperament(性情). A.change B.differ C.transform D.tell [解析] B 考查动词词义辨析。句意:这对双胞胎看 起来很像,但在性情方面不同。

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quit v.停止(做某事);辞职;离开;戒掉 quit sth 戒掉某物 quit doing sth 停止做某事 quit school 退学 quit office 离职

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?天津卷?阅读B] Why did the author quit school in her second year of college? 为什么作者在她上大学二年级的时候辍学了? quitting school (2)There are still many children __________________ because of poverty. 仍然有很多孩子由于贫穷辍学。

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quitted talking (3)They ______________________ with each other when the teacher came in. 当老师进来的时候,他们停止了相互交谈。 quit his job (4)He made a big mistake and had to ____________. 他犯了严重错误而不得不辞职。

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(5)You must________ smoking. Most important of all, you should start taking exercise. A.quit B.give in C.lose D.take to [解析] A 句意: 你必须戒烟,最重要的是,你应 该开始运动。

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award vt.奖励;授予n.奖,奖品;奖金,奖项 (1)award sb sth =award sth to sb 奖给某人某物 (2)win the first award for sth 因某事获得一等奖 gain/receive/obtain an award 得奖 present awards 颁奖

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【词语辨析】 award,prize与reward (1)award 可作动词和名词,指(经过评定、评鉴之后) 颁奖给某人,有时也指精神鼓励,如为鼓励在工作 中达到或完成所提出的要求或条件的人而进行的奖 励,往往强调荣誉而不在于奖品的大小或奖金的多 少。如: She showed us the athletics awards she had won. 她给我们看她赢得的体育运动奖。

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(2)prize 为名词,多指在各类竞赛、竞争或抽奖中所应 得的奖。这种奖有的凭能力获得,有的凭运气获得。 如: Her book gained several literary prizes. 她的书获得了好几项文学奖。 (3)reward 既可以作动词也可以作名词,指对某人的工 作或服务等的报答,也指因帮助警察抓到罪犯或帮 助失主找到东西而得到的奖金、酬金。如: He received a medal in reward for his bravery. 他因表现勇敢而获得了一枚奖章。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读C] She was accepted by the University of Berne, where she was awarded a medical degree in January 1877. 她被伯尔尼大学录取了,1877年1月在那里她被授予 了医学学位。 the award for (2)This year __________________ the best actress went to a foreigner. 今年最佳女主角奖项颁给了一位外国人。

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(3)Anyone providing information which leads to the recovery of the painting will __________________. be rewarded 凡提供线索有助于寻回该画者可以获得酬金。 (4)The young engineer was________ a gold cup because of his creative achievements for the development of the company. A.awarded B.admitted C.applied D.accepted [解析] A 考查动词词义辨析。award“授予,给予”; admit“承认”;apply“申请,应用”;accept “接受”。
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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 add to 增加,添加;补充说 (1)add up sth /add sth up 把某物加起来 add up to 合计为 add…to… 把??加到?? (2)addition n. 添加 ? 考 温馨提示 ? 点 add to 相当于increase,意思是“增加了??”,不可 ? 探 分开用;而add…to意思是“把??加到??”。

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【活学活用】 (1)Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation. 她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。 (2)He wrote down the weight of each stone and then added up all the weights ________________________. 他把每块石头的重量写下来,然后把所有的重量加 在一起。 added to our difficulties (3)The snowstorm _____________________. 暴风雪增加了我们的困难。

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(4)That's all I have to say. Is there anything you'd like to________,John? A.talk B.require C.add D.deliver [解析] C 考查动词辨析。句意:我要说的就是这些。 约翰,你还有什么要补充的吗?

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come out 出来;花开;出版;露出 come across 偶然遇到,发现,碰见;被理解 come about 产生,发生 come up with 提出,想出 come down 下来; 落下; 倒塌 温馨提示 (1)come out“出版”,come up“提出”,come about “发生”,这些短语极易误用被动语态。 (2)publish 表示“出版”,是及物动词。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读A] The words come out in the same tone with a fixed procedure. 这些话以相同的腔调和固定的程序说出来。 come across (2)I have just __________________ a beautiful poem in this book. 我刚刚在这本书里偶然读到一首优美的诗歌。

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come about/occur/happen (3)How did this accident ________________________? 这个事故是如何发生的? came out (4)The rain stopped and the sun __________________. 雨停了,太阳出来了。

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(5)This kind of flower only______ at a particular time every year. Many people come here just to see its beauty. A.breaks out B.comes out C.dies out D.watches out [解 析] B 考查动词词组辨析。break out“爆发,突 然发生”;come out“开花”;die out“灭绝”;watch out“小心,注意”。

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3

get/be used to (doing)sth 适应,习惯于?? used to do sth 过去常常做某事 be used to do sth 被用来做某事 be used as 被用作??

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【活学活用】 (1)*2012?全国卷Ⅱ?阅读A] Some owners will leave their animals outside for a long period of time, thinking that all animals are used to living outdoors. 有些人会把他们的动物留在室外很长时间,认为所 有的动物都习惯于室外生活。

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used to play games on the Internet (2)He _______________________________,but he has given up the addiction and put his heart into studies. 他过去常常在网上玩游戏,但是他已经戒掉了这个 爱好而全身心地投入到学习中去了。 (3)The Internet should be used to get/acquire useful information ________________________________________. 互联网应是用来获取有用信息的。 I'll get/be used to (4)I'm sure __________________ the hard work. 我肯定我将习惯于艰苦的工作。

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(5)I____in the countryside,but now I____ in Beijing. A.was used to live;am used to live B.used to living;used to live C.used to live;am used to living D.was used to living;used to living [解 析] C 句意:我过去常住在乡村,但现在我已 经习惯住在北京。used to do sth“过去经常做某 事”(暗示现在不做了);be/get used to doing sth“习 惯做某事”。

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4

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pick up 拾起;(车、船)在途中搭人;偶然结识朋; (偶然、无意地) 获得,学会(语言、技术等);恢复 健康;收听(收看)到 pick out 挑出,选出;辨认出 pick oneself up (跌倒后)再爬起来;振作精神 pick up speed 加速

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【巧学助记】

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温馨提示 pick up中的up是副词,遇到代词it,them时,要放在 pick与up之间。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读E] You walk into the kitchen. You pick up the milk, but a voice says,“You shouldn't drink that!” 你走进厨房,拿起牛奶,但是一个声音说:“你不 应该喝那个!” picked up (2)She soon______________French when she went to live in France. 她到法国居住后很快就学会了法语。

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picked up (3)He______________his hat and went away. 他捡起帽子,走开了。 pick up (4)The train stopped to______________passengers. 火车停下来接乘客。 pick up (5)My radio can______________BBC very clearly. 我的收音机能清晰地接收到英国广播电台。

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(6)[2012?四川卷] It's surprising that your brother ________ Russian so quickly—he hasn't lived there very long. A.picked up B.looked up C.put up D.made up 考 [解析] A 考查动词短语辨析。pick up意为“(无意之间、 点 偶然地)学会”;look up意为“(在书籍中)查找”;put up 探 意为“张贴;搭建”;make up意为“构成;编造”。句意: 析 令人惊奇的是,你弟弟这么快就学会说俄语了——他 在那儿生活的时间并不长。根据句意选A。
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5

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pay attention to 注意 catch/attract/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人的注意 fix/focus one's attention on 将注意力集中于 call one‘s attention to 要求某人注意,唤起某人对??的注意 bring sth to one's attention 吸引某人注意某事 devote one's attention to 专注于 give one's attention to 注意

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考 点 探 析

温馨提示 pay attention to中的to是介词,后面跟名词、代词或动 名词等,不能跟动词原形。类似的短语还有: get down to着手做;contribute to=make contributions to有助于,为??作贡献,投稿,捐 款;turn to求助于;when it comes to (doing) sth 当涉 及(做)某事的情况、事情或问题时;lead to导致;look forward to期望;stick to坚持;object to反对;be equal to等于,胜任,经得起;devote oneself to专心致 力于??;be/get used to习惯于;be addicted to 沉溺于。
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【活学活用】 (1)[2010?陕西卷?阅读A] The brain is trained to know what to pay attention to and what to ignore. 大脑被训练用来分清哪些东西需要注意以及哪些东 西需要忽略。 No attention (2)__________________ is paid to my advice. 没人注意我的劝告。 pay attention to (3)The teacher told the student to __________________ his spelling. 老师提醒那个学生要注意拼写。

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考 点 探 析

(4)Great attention should be________ to the serious pollution. A.taken B.made C.focused D.paid [解析] D 考查固定搭配。句意:应该重视这个严重 的污染问题。pay attention to这里用了被动结构。而 focus 要与on 搭配,即focus one's attention on。

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6

in other words 换句话说 in a word 总而言之 have a word with sb 和某人谈谈 have words with sb 和某人争吵 keep one's word 守信用,履行诺言

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?广东卷?阅读D] In other words, we should keep the earth healthy while using its supply of natural resources. 换句话说,在我们使用自然资源时,我们应该保持地 球的健康。 ? 考 (2)He told lies, __________________,he cheated us. in other words ? 点 他说了谎,换句话说,他欺骗了我们。

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Have a word with (3)__________________ Tom,and you can learn more about what he thinks. 和汤姆谈谈,你能了解更多他的想法。 (4)Paul is good,kind,hardworking and intelligent; in a word _______________,I can't speak too highly of him. 保罗友好、善良、勤奋而又聪明,总而言之,我怎 么赞扬他也不为过。

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7

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refer to 谈到;查阅,参考;与??有关;就?? 而言 (1)refer…to 把??提交给 refer to… as 把??称作?? refer sb to sth 让某人参考某物 (2)reference n. 参考,参照 make(a)reference to 谈到;参照 温馨提示 (1)refer 后加ed或ing时,要双写r。 (2)refer to中,to为介词,后接代词、名词或动名词 作宾语。
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考 点 探 析

【词语辨析】 refer to与look up (1)refer to作“查阅”讲,后接“词典或参考书”。如: Please refer to the last page of the book for answers. 寻找答案请查阅书的最后一页。 (2)look up作“查阅”讲,后接“被查找的东西”。 如: If you don't know a word,you can look it up in a dictionary. 如果你有不认识的单词,可以查词典。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读表达] What does the word “them” (Line 3, Paragraph 6)probably refer to? 单词“them”(第六段第三行)可能指的是什么意思? refer to (2)The new law does not __________________ land used for farming. 那条新法律并不涉及耕种用地。

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refer to (3)That remark does not __________________ her. 那句话不是对她说的。 no reference to (4)She made __________________ her illness but only to her future plans. 她没有提到她的病情,只提了她的未来计划。 (5)We often __________________ these books in our refer to work. 我们工作中经常参考这些书。

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(6)[2011?湖北卷] I'm so glad you've come here to ________ this matter in person. A.lead to B.see to C.turn to D.refer to [解 析] B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:很高兴您能 亲自来这里处理这件事情。所以最佳答案为B(处理, 料理)。lead to 导致;turn to转向,求助于;refer to 查阅,谈论,提及;均不符合题意。

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8

be famous for 以??而著名 be famous as 作为??而闻名

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?安徽卷?阅读D] The Irish are famous for being warmhearted and friendly. 爱尔兰人因为热心和友好而著名。 is famous for (2)Hangzhou __________________ its West Lake. 杭州因西湖而闻名。 is famous as (3)Jin Yong __________________ a writer. 金庸作为一个作家而闻名。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 It was Morissette's first performance in England since her song “Uninvited” won this year's Grammy Award for the best rock song. 这是自莫里塞特的歌曲《Uninvited》获得今年的格莱 美最佳摇滚歌曲奖以来她在英国的首次演出。

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句型公式

(1)It+be+…+since…表示“自从??以来,这 是??”。 (2)“It is/has been+时间段+since从句(从句用一般过 去 ? 考 时)”表示“自从??以来有多长时间了”。

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【相关句型】 (1)It was+时间段+since从句(从句用过去完成时), 表示“(以过去为起点)做??有多长时间了”。如: It was six years since he had begun to learn English. 那是他学英语已有六年了。 (2)It is/was…that…,强调句式,表示“确实是??”。 如: It was on a Monday night that all this happened. 所有的这一切都发生在一个周一的晚上。

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(3)It is/was+时间点+when时间状语从句,表示 “??的发生是在??”。如: It was October 1,1949 when the PRC was founded. 中华人民共和国成立于1949年10月1日。 (4)It was (not)+时间段+before 从句(一般过去时),表 示“过了(一段时间)才??;(没)过多久就??”。 如: It was not long before he realised that. 不久后,他就意识到了那一点。

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考 点 探 析

(5)It is (not)/will (not) be+时间段+before从句(一般 现在时),表示“还需(一段时间以后)才??;不到 多长时间就??”。如: It won't be long before the room is cleaned. 不久,这个房间就会被打扫干净。 (6)It/This is the first/second/third/…time that…表示 “这是第??次做??了”。如: It is the first time that I have been on a plane. 这是我第一次乘坐飞机。 It was the third time that the boy had been late. 那是那个男孩第三次迟到。
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(7)It is time/high time that…表示“是(正是)??的时候 了”,后接虚拟语气,动词要用did/should do。如: It is time that children should go to bed. =It is time that children went to bed. 是孩子们上床休息的时间了。 温馨提示 此类句型要特别注意句中时间是表示时间段还是 时间点。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?重庆卷?完形] It has been many years since I made my first garden out of my desire to challenge my parents. 自从我出于挑战父母而经营我的第一个花园到现在 已经有很多年了。 when (2)It was six o'clock in the morning ________________ he got to a faraway village. 他到达一个偏远的村庄的时间是早晨6点。

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since (3)It has been 2 years __________________ I came to study in this school. 从我到这个学校学习已经有两年的时间了。 that (4)It was in the evening __________________ the man woke up. 那个人醒来的时间是晚上。 when (5)It was evening __________________ the man woke up. 那个人是晚上醒来的。

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that (6)It's the second time __________________ I have been here. 这是我第二次到这儿。 before (7)It won't be long __________________ the architecture is completed. 建筑完工的时间不会太长了。 (8)I‘m getting tired. It’s time that we should) go to bed/went to bed ______________________________. 我累了,是我们上床休息的时间了。

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(9)[2011?四川卷] As is reported, it is 100 years ________Qinghua University was founded. A.when B.before C.after D.since [解析] D 考查状语从句。“It is + 时间段 +since + 从句(谓语为一般过去时)”为固定句型,故答案 选D。句意:正如所报道的那样,自从清华大学建 校以来已有100年时间了。

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考 点 探 析

(10)It was during his encouragement ________I always sensed his great unspoken love. A.when B.that C.where D.which [解析] B 句意:正是在他的鼓励中我经常能感受到 他无言的爱。本题考查强调句式:It is/was…that/who…,故选择B。

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2

Would it be all right if I missed the English test next week?如果我错过下周的英语考试没问题吧? 句型公式 (1)Would it be…? (2)Would it be all right if sb did sth? 温馨提示 本句型中if 从句后常用过去时(虚拟结构)。以would开 头使问句更加委婉、客气。

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【活学活用】 (1)Would it be OK if I went camping with my friends tomorrow? 我明天和朋友一起去野营没问题吧? handed (2)Would it be all right if I __________________ in my paper next week? ? 考 如果我下周交论文可以吗? ? 点 (3)Would it be all right to__________________? call him right away ? 探 现在就给他打电话可以吗?

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考 点 探 析

(4)—Would it be all right if I used your radio? —________! A.Sure,go ahead B.Sure,but I am using it C.You are welcome D.Right [解析] A

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3

Whether Kong is changing his appearance or transforming his music,he is a pioneer in music today.无论孔祥东改变他的外表还是改变他的音乐风 格,他今天在音乐方面都是一位先驱。

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句型公式

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whether引导的让步状语从句

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考 点 探 析

【相关句型】 (1)no matter whether意为“不论是否??,不管是?? 还是??”。如: No matter whether it is light or dark at that hour, we've decided to leave at five o'clock in the morning. 不管到时候是否天亮,我们都已决定早晨5点离开。 (2)whether…or not引导名词性从句。如: Whether he will come or not depends on the weather. 他是否会来要根据天气情况而定。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖南卷?单选] Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn‘t matter whether you have lived there for a short or a long time. 这个村庄的每一个人都非常友好,不管你是暂住在那 ? 考 儿的还是常住在那儿的。

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No matter whether (2) ________________________these figures are accurate, we have to recheck them. 不管这些数字是否准确,我们都得再检查一次。 (3) George offered me a job as a translator,but I‘m not whether I will accept it or not sure____________________________. 乔治给我提供了一份翻译的工作,但是我还不确定是 ? 考 否接受。

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考 点 探 析

(4)[2012?山东卷] It doesn't matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. A. how B. whether C. what D. why [解析] B 考查名词性从句的连接词。句意:在这 家商店里,无论是用现金还是信用卡支付都是可以 的。题干中it为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的从句。 这里构成“whether…or…”结构,意思是“无论 是??还是??”。

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 ased 1.This film is b________ on a novel by D.H. Lawrence. ffect 2.Soon the sleeping pill took e________ and he fell asleep. udience 3.His speech won the applause of the a________. unique 4.It's a ________(独特的)work of art. worldwide 5.Our society expanded into a ______________ (世界性的) organization.

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Ⅱ.选词填空

were impressed by 1. We____________________ his kindness and friendliness when we visited him. is responsible for 2.A manager____________________ making sure that a company runs properly. to shave off 3.He promised____________________ his beard if he lost the bet.

in detail, shave off, be dressed in, be responsible for, be impressed by

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are dressed in 4.In traditional wedding in China,brides ____________ red. in detail 5.Please explain this matter ____________________.I want to learn more about it.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.She________ Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely. A.picked out B.made out C.made up D.picked up [解析] D 考查动词短语辨析。pick out“选择,分辨 出”;make out“辨认出,理解”;make up“组成”; pick up“(无意中)学会”。

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2.The singer was very excited because his first album finally________ after many years' hard work. A.took up B.came out C.turned on D.went off [解析] B 考查动词短语辨析。take up “占据,从事”; come out “出版,出现”; turn on“打开”; go off “离开,熄灭”。

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3.In my opinion,Jackson is not much of a basketball player,but when it________ to table tennis,he is among the best in the country. A.goes B.refers C.comes D.talks [解析] C 句意:在我看来,Jackson并不是一个很好 的篮球运动员,而当涉及乒乓球的时候,他却名列全 国前列。

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4.Your performance in the driving test didn't reach the required standard—________,you failed. A.in the end B.after all C.in other words D.at the same time [解析] C 考查介词短语的用法。首先弄清四个介词短 语的意思:in the end“最后,最终”;after all“毕竟”; in other words“换句话说”;at the same time“同时”。 根据本句的意思判断此处前后说的是一个意思,表现 没有达到要求的标准,也就意味着失败,故应用in ? 跟 other words。

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5.[2012?天津卷] It doesn't matter ________ you turn right or left at the crossing—both roads lead to the park. A.whether B.how C.if D.when [解析] A 考查名词性从句的连接词。在It doesn't matter…句型中,it作形式主语,而空格后的成分是真 正的主语,根据句意可知应选用whether引导主语从句 而不能用if,因为if作“是否”讲常引导宾语从句。

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6.—Did your boss phone you again the next day? —No,it was a fortnight________ he gave me a second call. A.that B.when C.before D.since [解析] C 考查时间状语从句。 It be+一段时间+ before…“要过(过了)多久才??”。

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7.I was watching the TV series Youths in Beijing ________ my mother made a phone call to me from abroad. A.as B.while C.when D.since [解析] C 考查连词。“was/were doing…when + 一 般过去时”意为“正在……突然”,为固定句型。句 意:我正在看《北京青年》,我妈妈突然从国外给我 打了一个电话。

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8.If my bike ________ broken on the way, I would have ridden to the mountain instead of taking a bus last Sunday. A.wasn't B.hadn't been C.shouldn't be D.wouldn't be [解析] B 考查虚拟语气。句意:要不是我的自行车在 路上坏了,我上周日就会骑车而不是乘公共汽车到那 座山上去了。根据主句的谓语动词可知,题干是表示 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,故从句谓语动词用had ? 跟 done结构,选B。

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9.Young people are always kidding. You ________ as well ask some seniors for the right direction. A.can B.should C.may D.must [解析] C 考查情态动词。句意:年轻人总是爱开玩 笑。你不妨向一些较年长的人问正确的方向。 might/may as well do sth表示“不妨做某事”,为固定 搭配。

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10.—Excuse me,do you mind my opening the window? —________. A.No,not at all B.Very well,thank you C.Yes,you can D.No,I'm afraid I can't [解析] A 考查情景交际。问句句意“你介意我打开 窗户吗?”回答“不介意”往往用:Never mind./Certainly not./Of course not. “介意”往往说 You'd better not do it./I mind it very much.

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请完成课时作业?五?

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阅读写作(五) [应用文写作之邀 请信]

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◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 邀请信是写信人对收信人的一种盛情邀约,一般分 为正式的和非正式的两种。格式与其他信函相同。具 体写作步骤: 第一段:说明与收信人的相关性与写作意图。 第二段:具体交代情景:包括受邀请的人、邀请朋友 要干什么、地点以及具体的时间等内容。并且强调为 什么邀请收信人而不是别的朋友。 第三段:表示期待收信人的回复。

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就本质而言正式与非正式的邀请信并没有什么区 别,只是正式的邀请信比较注意文采,而且往往需要 表现出更加诚恳的态度。邀请信一般都要求考生邀约 朋友参加特殊聚会,共度假期,或者访问自己的家乡 等,考生可以采用非正式文体。

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◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.段首常用语: (1) I am writing to invite you to… (2) I think it would be a great idea if you could participate in… (3) I wonder if you can come… (4) How would you like to join us in…?

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2.段尾常用语: (1)Would you please drop me a line to let me know if you can come to…? (2)My family and I would feel much honored if you could come. (3)We would be looking forward to your coming with great pleasure. (4)I would like to meet you there and please let me know your decision soon.

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3.邀请信格式模板: Dear ________, How is everything with you? I am writing to tell you that there will be a ________ (内容) at/in ____________ (地点)on __________ (时间). We would be honored to have you there with us. The occasion will start at ________ (具体时间). This will be followed by a __________ (进一步的安排). At around _________ (时间), _________ (另一个安排).

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Ring me up and tell me whether you will come or not, will you? I really hope you can make it. My phone number is ___________. Looking forward to __________. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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【活学活用】 假设你是李华,暑假通常你会和Lisa一起去度假。今 年你们打算邀请在北京学习的美国朋友Ben和你们去海 南三亚度假。请根据下面的要点写一封email向Ben发 出邀请。 要点: 1.海南三亚度假两周; 2.参加一周的潜水课程; 3.周四之前回复是否加入; 4.Lisa负责预订航班和酒店。

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注意: 1.词数为100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.信的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计入总词数)。

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Dear Ben, Time goes fast. Another summer is coming again. __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

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【参考范文】 Dear Ben, Time goes fast. Another summer is coming again. Lisa and I will go on vacation as usual. We always want to go to Sanya in Hainan Province and have planned to spend two weeks there. We would be delighted if you could join us on this trip. The first week we will take a diving course. If you want to participate then I need you to reply by Thursday. Just imagine swimming under water with the fishes! I can't wait! Don't worry about the details, as Lisa will take care of booking the plane tickets and reserving the hotel.
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We hope you decide to come along. It will be wonderful to see you again and we will have a great time. Yours, Li Hua

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第6讲 Unit 6

Design

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

你所在的城市最近计划修建地铁,这 件事引发了人们的广泛争论。请根据所给 信息写一篇英文报道,陈述人们的不同看 法,并表明自己的观点。

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佳 作 晨 读









你的 观点

1.建设时间长, 1.解决交通问题, 影响交 方便市民生活; 通; ?? 2.提供新的交通 2.投入资金大, 方式,促进环境保 成本回 护。 收慢。
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佳 作 晨 ? 注意: 读

? 1. 开头已给出,但不计入总词数; ? 2.不要逐句翻译,可适当增加内容以使行 文连贯; ? 3.词数100左右。

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 Recently, people are having an argument on whether a 晨 读 subway should be built or not in the city. Opinions vary
from person to person. Some people think it necessary to build a subway. For one thing, building a subway can help solve traffic problems and people will enjoy a more convenient life. For another, it provides a new means of transportation, which is environmentally friendly.

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佳 On the other hand, others hold the opposite opinion. 作 晨 They think that the long process of construction is bound 读 to influence the city's traffic. What's more, too much
money will be spent building it and it will take a long time

to get the money back.
Weighing the pros and cons, I support the idea that a subway should be built because not only will the environment be protected but also more space will be saved.

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:提出话题→正反论证→阐述观点。得 晨 读 体地使用了连接成分,如:For one thing…For another;
On the other hand; What's more; not only…but also。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高级的词汇和短语。如:vary from…to…,provide, a means of, be bound to, support 等。

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: 作 晨 宾语从句whether a subway should be built or not in the city; 读 it形式宾语Some people think it necessary to build a
subway;it形式主语it will take a long time to get the money back;非限制性定语从句which is environmentally friendly;同位语从句that a subway should be built;此外, 非谓语动词的使用也使文章增色不少。

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 imaginative 基 1.____________n.想象;想象力 ? exhibition exhibit 础 →________v.想象→____________adj.富于 valuable value 梳 理 想象力的 typical typically ? 2.________n.展览会→________v.展览 type ? 3.________adj.贵重的,有价值的 elegantly elegant elegance →________v.&n.重视;评价;价值 ? 4.________adj.典型的→________adv.典型 地→________n.类型
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imagination

imagine

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emphasize emphasis

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? 6.__________ vt.强调architecture architect 基 →__________n.(sing.)强调→__________ architectural 础 n.(pl.)强调;重点 religious religion 梳 religiously ? 7.________n.建筑师 理 conclusion conclude →________________n.建筑学;建筑设计 mercy merciful →_____________adj.建筑的,建筑学的 ? 8.________adj.宗教的;虔诚的 mercifully merciless →________n.宗教,宗教信仰 →____________adv.宗教地 ? 9.__________n.结论;结束 返回目录

emphases

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? ? 基? 础 ? 梳 理? ? ? ? ?

Ⅱ.短语检测 have mercy on 1.怜悯 ________________ try out 2.试用;实验 ______________________ sort of wave goodbye to 3.有几分 _______________ by the time 4.向??挥手告别 __________________ be deep in thought 5.到??时为止to_______________ date back 6.陷入沉思 _______________ relate…to… fix one's eyes on 7.追溯到 _______________ hold one's breath 8.把??与??联系起来 _______________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.one of + 可数名词的复数形式 one of ? 基? Qi Baishi(1863-1957) was ? 础 ____________China's greatest painters. ? 梳 齐白石(1863-1957)是中国最伟大的画 ? 理? leaves 家之一。 guessing ? 2.leave+宾语+宾语补足语 ? Qi Baishi's style of painting often ________the audience ________and makes them use their imagination. 返回目录 ? 齐白石的绘画作品常给观赏者留出运

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? 3.be used as 把……用作 used as ? They are also ________________ 基 offerings to the dead. 础? 它们what (剪纸) 也被用来祭祀死人。 梳 理? 4.what引导的名词性从句 ? But ________________ I remembered most is moving a lot. ? 但是我记得最多的是我们常常搬家。

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? 5.倒装句 is a small garage for the car ? Out back 基 __________________________ we don't 础 own yet and a small yard that looks smaller 梳 between the two buildings on either side. 理 ? 出门往后院走有一间小车库,但我们 现在还没有车。还有一个小院子,夹在两 边的高楼中显得格外的小。

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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 imagination n.想象;想象力;空想;想象的事物 (1)beyond imagination 超乎想象 in one's imagination 在遐想中 (2)imagine v. 想象 imagine sth /doing sth 想象某事/做某事 ? 考 imagine sb doing sth 想象某人做某事 ? 点 imagine sb to be… 想象某人是?? ? 探 (3)imaginary adj. 假想的,虚构的

? 析

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读B] Although I haven't appeared in person, I have attended your college graduations, weddings and even the births of your children, in my imagination. 尽管我没有亲自出现,但是在我的想象 中,我已经参加了你们的大学毕业典礼、婚礼甚至 你们的孩子的出生。

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imagine becoming (2)I didn't________________ a teacher in my childhood. 在童年时期,我并未想象成为一名教师。 Try to use your imagination (3)____________________________when planning main meals. 准备正餐时充分发挥你的想象力。 cooking (4)Can you imagine John____________ dinner for twenty people? 你能想象出约翰为20个人做饭的样子吗?

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2

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考 点 探 析

pain n.(physical suffering or discomfort caused by injury or disease)痛苦;疼,痛;辛苦,努力(用复数) v. (cause pain to sb )使痛苦;感到疼痛 (1)in pain 疼痛;在苦恼中 feel no pain 不觉得疼 have a pain/pains in 在……部位疼痛 take pains to do sth 煞费苦心,尽力做某事 spare no pains/efforts 不辞劳苦,全力以赴 (2)painful adj. 令人痛苦的

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读B] It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally and physically. 它有减轻疼痛和使人在精神和身体上放松的能力。 in pain (2)She cried out____________________ when her tooth was pulled out. 她的牙齿被拔出来时,她疼得叫了出来。

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spare no pains/efforts (3)We must____________________ to finish the task on time. 我们必须不遗余力地准时完成任务。 paining (4)My head is still____________________. 我的头还在疼。

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考 点 探 析

(5)—It took me ten years to build up my business,and it almost killed me. —Well,you know what they say.________. A.There is no smoke without fire B.Practice makes perfect C.All roads lead to Rome D.No pains,no gains [解析] D 根据上下文可知,No pains, no gains.符 合题意,意为“一分耕耘,一分收获”。 There is no smoke without fire.“无风不起浪”;Practice makes perfect.“熟能生巧”;All roads lead to Rome.“条条大路通罗马”。
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3

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考 点 探 析

mercy n.(kindness,forgiveness,etc.shown to sb ) 慈悲,怜悯,同情心 (1)at the mercy of 受??支配;任由??摆布 have mercy on sb 宽恕、怜悯某人 show mercy to sb 宽恕、怜悯某人 beg for mercy 乞求、请求宽恕 (2)merciful adj. 仁慈的,宽恕的 merciless adj. 不仁慈的,无怜悯心的

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【活学活用】 (1)I'm not going to put myself at the mercy of the bank. 我不想任由银行摆布。 has no mercy on (2)The boss __________________ the employees and often is hard on them. 老板没有怜悯员工而且对他们常常很严格。 (3)The baby was abandoned by his cruel parents by the at the mercy of fate roadside,where it was __________________. 婴儿被他残忍的父母丢弃在路边,在那里他只能听 天由命。

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考 点 探 析

(4)Apart from the shortage of water and food,the people in some African areas are________ the terrible plague (瘟疫). A.at the mercy of B.in charge of C.in search of D.as a result of [解析] A 考查介词词组辨析。at the mercy of“任 凭??摆布”;in charge of“负责,照料”;in search of“寻找”;as a result of“作为??的结果, 由于”。

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4

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考 点 探 析

abstract adj. (existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or practical existence)抽象的,深 奥的;(指艺术)抽象派的n.抽象,抽象性,抽象的 概念;(书籍的)摘要,概括 (1)abstractly adv. 抽象地 abstraction n. 抽取;抽象概念;心不在焉,出神 (2)concrete adj. 具体的,有形的

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读A] From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is a master in making math lectures learnerfriendlier and less scary. 从一些基本的具体想法到更抽象的问题,他是一位大师, 他让数学课变成“学员友好型”而不再那么恐怖。

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(2)We may talk of beautiful things,but beauty itself abstract is________. 我们可以谈论美的事物,然而美本身却是抽象的。 abstract (3)Could you show me the__________ of the lecture? 你能让我看看演讲的摘要吗?

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5

ruin v.毁坏,毁灭;(使)颠覆;(使)毁坏 n.毁灭;废墟(常用复数),遗迹;残余 in ruins 一片废墟 bring sth to ruin 使某物毁灭 fall into ruin 成为废墟

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?山东卷?阅读A] However, he experienced severe financial hardship when his family business was ruined in the Great Depression of the early 1930s. 然而,在20世纪30年代初的大萧条时期他的家族企 业被毁,他经历了严峻的经济困境。 was ruined (2)The village __________________ after the war. 战后,村庄变成了废墟。

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ruined (3)The hurricane __________________ all the houses here. 飓风毁坏了这儿所有的房屋。 (4)After the earthquake,the ancient building was __________________. in ruins 地震之后,那座古建筑成了一片废墟。 ruined (5)My new shoes were ________ in the mud. 我的新鞋在泥里被糟蹋了。

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typical adj.代表性的,典型的,象征性的;一贯 的, 平常的 typically adv. 典型地; 通常; 一般地 【经典句式】 It's typical of sb to do…/that… 做?? 是某人的风格。

考 点 探 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?阅读简答] In a typical week, high school students will spend twice as much time with their peers as with adults. 通常在一周内,高中生与同伴相处的时间是与成人 相处时间的两倍。

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typical (2)The __________________ family in China now consist of a child, two parents and four grandparents. 现在中国典型的家庭包括一个孩子,两个大人和四 个老人。 He is a typical (3)__________________ big talker. 他是一个典型的说大话的人。 It was typical of her (4)__________________ that she always replied to a letter the day she received it. 她总是在收到信的当天就回信,这是她的特点。

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(5)Jack is late again. It is ________of him to keep others waiting. A. normal B. ordinary C. common D. typical [解析] D 考查形容词辨析。 It is typical of sb to do sth “某人一向??”。

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7

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relate v.把??与??联系起来;有关 (1)relate to 与??有关;涉及 relate sth to sth 将某物与某物联系起来 be related to 与??相关; 与??联系 (2)relative adj. 相比较而言的;相关联的 n. 亲属,亲戚 relatively adv. 相对地,比较地 relationship n. 关系 relation n. 关系;亲属 have relation to 和??有关 in relation to 就??而论;和??联系起来看
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读A] Designers and researchers come here to look up information on anything and everything related to the subject of footwear. 设计者和研究者来到这儿查找任何或一切与鞋这个 主题有关的信息。

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relates to (2)The report________high wages________labour shortages. 该报告把工资高与劳动力短缺联系在一起。 (3)Wealth is seldom________________happiness. related to 财富很少与幸福相关。

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(4)Look out for names and expressions ________to British or American culture. A.mixed B.combined C.related D.Added [解析] C 句意: 注意与英美文化相关的名字和表 达方式。 be related to “与……有关”。 此句是Look out for names and expressions which are related to… 的省略。

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8

narrow adj.狭窄的;勉强的;狭隘的 v.使变窄 (1)narrowminded adj. 心胸狭窄的 a narrow victory/escape 险胜/死里逃生 (2)narrowly adv. 勉强地;局限地;密切地

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读D] On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow windows of the airplane. 然而,坐在飞机上,只有茫茫的蓝色天空布满了飞 机狭窄的窗户。 narrow (2)The gate is too____________ for a car to pass. 大门太窄,汽车进不去。

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narrow (3)He is a man of____________ views. 他是个目光短浅的人。 a narrow escape (4)I had__________________ from death. 我九死一生。 narrow the gap (5)They planned to________________ between imports and exports. 他们计划缩小进出口的差额。

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(6)The final score of the basketball match was 93-94.We were only________ beaten. A.nearly B.slightly C.narrowly D.lightly [解析] C 考查副词词义辨析。nearly “几乎,差不 多,将近”;slightly “轻微地”,常用以表程度; lightly “轻轻地,容易地”,常表力度、情绪。只有 narrowly “勉强”,表示双方比分接近。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 fix one's eyes on 注视,凝视 fix one‘s mind/attention on 集中某人的思想/注意力于?? with one's eyes fixed on 眼睛盯着?? fix (up)a date for 为??确定日期 ? 考 fix sb with angry stare 对某人怒目而视

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)When one is awake, it is difficult to fix his eyes or his attention constantly on a single object for a long time. 当一个人在清醒时,很难长时间始终盯着或集中注 意力于某一个物体。 (2)He stood by the window, his eyes fixed on with__________________________ a car outside it. 他站在窗户旁,眼睛盯着窗外的一辆车。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design
fixed his eyes on (3)Jack________________________the candy on the table. 杰克盯着桌子上的糖果。 (4)Bill was sitting in the class,but his eyes were________ on the flowers outside. A.looked B.searching C.fixed D.seeking [解析] C 句意:比尔正坐在教室里,但是他的眼睛 注视着外面的花。fix one's eyes on表示“注视 着??”。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

2

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date back to 追溯到??,始于?? (1)date from 追溯到??,始于?? (2)make/have a date with sb 与某人约会 to date 迄今,到现在为止(常与完成时连用) fix a date for 为??确定时间 up to date 最新式的 out of date 过时的 温馨提示 date back to/date from(后接建成或源起日期,表示自 某时代存在至今),不用于被动语态,且常用于一般现 在时。
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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?完形] I became a member of the company dating back to 1925. 我成为一个成立于1925年的公司的一员。 dates back to (2)The custom __________________ hundreds of years ago. 这一习俗可以追溯到数百年前。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design
dates from (3)My interest in stamp collecting __________________ my schooldays. 从学生时代起,我对集邮就开始感兴趣。 dating back to (4)The Great Wall of China____________________ (追溯到??)over 2,000 years ago is wonderful indeed.

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

3

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leave out 删掉,漏掉;不理会,忽视 leave alone 让独自待着; 不管 leave behind 忘带;留下 leave for 动身去某地 leave over 使剩下,留下 leave sb doing… 让某人做??

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

【活学活用】 (1)The teacher stressed again that the students should not leave out any important details while retelling the story. 老师一再向学生们强调在复述故事时不要漏掉任何 重要的细节。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design left out (2)We __________________ an important detail. 我们落下了一个重要的细节。 (3)I'm going to __________________ Beijing tomorrow leave for by plane. 我准备明天乘飞机去北京。 left behind (4)Mary ______________ her umbrella __________ in the classroom. 玛丽把她的雨伞落在教室里了。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

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(5)When you rewrite the paragraph,I advise you to________ the last sentence as it is rather misleading. A.point out B.make out C.leave out D.put out [解 析] C 考查动词词组辨析。leave out“删掉,漏 掉,不理会”。句意:当你重写这段的时候,我建 议你把最后一句删了,因为它很容易使人误解。

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4

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hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 lose one's breath 喘不过气来 out of breath 上气不接下气地 under one's breath 低声地 short of breath 呼吸困难 take a deep breath 深吸一口气

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

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【活学活用】 (1)Slowly, the passengerwindow began to slide down. Alice held her breath. In the soft light inside the car, something moved. 慢慢地,后排窗打开了,Alice屏住了呼吸。在柔和 的灯光下,车内有东西在动。

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held his breath (2)He________________ when his result was read out. 当宣读他的成绩时,他屏住了呼吸。 out of breath (3)We were______________when we reached the top of the mountain. 我们到达山顶时,已是气喘吁吁。 short of breath (4)The patient was__________________. 这个病人呼吸困难。 took a deep breath (5)He opened his mouth wide,and________________. 他张大嘴深深地吸了一口气。

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(6)When he got to________ top of the mountain,he was almost out of________ breath. A.the;a B.the;the C.the;/ D.a;/ [解析] C 考查冠词。out of breath“上气不接下气地”; 第一个空是特指。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 Qi Baishi's style of painting often leaves the audience guessing and makes them use their imagination. 齐白石的绘画作品常给观赏者留出运用想象力解读其内 涵的余地。

考 点 探 析

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

句型公式

leave+宾语+宾语补足语 leave+宾语+adj. 使??处于某种状态 leave sth to be done 留下某事要被做 leave+宾语+名词 使??成为?? ? 考 leave+sth +过去分词 留下某事被做 ? 点 leave+宾语+从句 使??处于??

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?陕西卷?信息匹配] When you confuse your listeners with opposing information, you leave the audience wondering what part of the information is right and what part they should remember. 当你用相反的信息迷惑你的听众时,你就会让听众 想知道哪部分信息是正确的以及哪部分信息是他们 需要记住的。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design
waiting leave (2)Don't________her________outside in the rain. 别让她在外面雨中等着。 open left (3)Who________the door________? 谁没关门? left most of the dishes untouched (4)The guests _______________________________, because they didn't taste delicious. 大部分饭菜宾客都没动,因为它们味道不可口。 leaving (5)We hurriedly ended our meeting,________many unsettled/to be settled problems________________________. 我们匆忙结束了会议,留下许多问题要解决。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design
leaving him an orphan (6)His parents died,____________________. 他的父母死了,使他成了孤儿。 (7)Leave the where the children can't reach it medicine____________________________________. 把这药放在孩子们够不着的地方。

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(8)Don't leave the water________ while you brush your teeth. A.run B.running C.being run D.to run [解析] B

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

2

Out back is a small garage for the car we don‘t own yet and a small yard that looks smaller between the two buildings on either side. 出门往后院走有一间小车库,但我们现在还没有车。 还有一个小院子,夹在两边的高楼中显得格外的小。

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考 点 探 析

句型公式 介词短语、表方位的副词前置引起的倒装 【句式点拨】 Out back is a small garage…and a small yard…是因句 子结构的需要而形成的倒装句。英语中,有时为了使 句子保持平衡或使上下文衔接紧密,可将表语部分提 前构成倒装语序。 一些副词,如:up,down,in,out,on,off, over,away,here,there,now,then,thus和一些 介词短语等放在句首时,句子要倒装。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

温馨提示 介词短语、表方位的副词置于句首,句子的主语如果 是名词,那么句子要使用完全倒装结构,即:介词短语、 表方位的副词+句子谓语+主语;如果句子的主 语是代词,那么介词短语、表方位的副词置于句首 后,主谓语不倒装,仍然用正常的陈述句语序,即: ? 考 介词短语、表方位的副词+主语+谓语。如: ? 点 There goes the bell.铃声响了。 ? 探 Away they went.他们走了。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?重庆卷?阅读C] More than 900 metres high, on the mountain's north face, lies an allimportant source of pure water. 在900多米高的山北面有一处非常重要的纯净水水源。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design
sat an old man (2)Under the tree____________________. 树下坐着一位老人。 was a small boat (3)Nearby____________________that's made of wood. 附近有一只木制的小船。 lives an old man (4)At the foot of the mountain________________ who makes a living by hunting. ? 考 山脚下住着一位以打猎为生的老人。

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考 点 探 析

(5)For a moment nothing happened. Then________ all shouting together. A.voices had come B.came voices C.voices would come D.did voices come [解析] B 考查倒装。由副词here, there, now, thus, then等开头的句子,动词是be, come, go, follow, begin等,且主语是名词时句子要用完全倒装。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

3

But what I remembered most is moving a lot. 但是我记得最多的是我们常常搬家。 句型公式

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what引导的名词性从句

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

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考 点 探 析

【句式点拨】 what I remembered most 是由what引导的名词性从 句,作主语,故又称为主语从句。what引导名词性从 句时,what充当从句中的某一成分,如在本从句中, what作remembered的宾语,但特殊疑问词what引导 名词性从句时,what不管在句中充当什么成分,都要 置于从句的句首。 温馨提示 what引导名词性从句时,要在句中充当主语、宾语 或表语,不能省略。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?任务型读写] Many countries have rules about what you should and shouldn't wear. 很多国家对你应该穿什么和不应该穿什么都有规定。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

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(2)By improving reading skills,you can read faster and what understand more of ____________ you read. 通过提高阅读技巧,你可以读得更快并且能理解你所读 的更多内容。 What (3)______________ he told us at the meeting inspired us. 他在会议上告诉我们的东西激发了我们。

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考 点 探 析

(4) [2012?课标全国卷] It is by no means clear________ the president can do to end the strike. A.how B.which C.that D.what [解析] D 考查主语从句的连接词。此处It是形式主 语,what引导的是主语从句,what在从句中作do的 宾语。句意:总统采取什么行动结束这次罢工一点 儿也不清楚。

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考 点 探 析

(5)[2012?上海卷] —We've only got this small bookcase. Will that do? — No, ________ I am looking for is something much bigger and stronger. A. who B. that C. what D. which [解析] C 考查主语从句的连接词。what作动词短语 looking for的宾语,引导主语从句。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

Ⅰ.单词拼写 ercy 1.The king showed no m______ and killed all the prisoners. ent 2.They let the house to me at a r________ of 100 dollars a month. urpose 3.She seems to do these things on p________. detail 4.He described the whole event in________(细节). straight 5.He was too drunk to walk________(直地).

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

Ⅱ.选词填空

in a creative way 1. He painted his horse________________ to show the moving hair on their backs. are/were fixed on 2.The tiny insect's eyes_________________ the cabbage. Lost/Deep in thought 3.___________________,he didn't know what happened outside. try out 4.I was ready to____________ papercutting for myself. waving goodbye ? 跟 5.After________________ to her son,she disappeared in ? 踪 the crowd.

fix on, lost/deep in thought, wave goodbye, try out, in a creative way

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.Have________ on him; he is only a child. A.pitiless B.mercy C.kindness D.courage [解析] B 考查固定搭配。have mercy on/upon sb 为固定搭配,意思是 “对某人表示同情”。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

2.The castle I visited last week in England ________ 1,000 years ago. It deeply impressed me. A.dates back to B.dated back to C.is dated back to D.was dated back to [解析] A 考查动词的时态和语态。date back to 通常 用于一般现在时,没有被动语态。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

3.The teacher told us to gather ________ about the ancient calendar. A.as much information as possible B.information as much as possible C.as more information as possible D.information as more as possible [解析] A 考查固定结构。as…as possible 中,第一个 as后接形容词、副词原形或名词。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

4.I find ________ hard to concentrate on my studies with some people having small talks around me. A.them B.him C.that D.it [解析] D 考查形式宾语。句意:我发现有人在我周围 小声说话时我很难集中精力学习。不定式to concentrate on my studies是真正的宾语,it是形式 宾语。

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5.In front of our house stand a lot of tall trees, the________ of which give welcome________. A.shadows;shade B.shadows;shadows C.shade;shade D.shade;shadows [解析] A 考查名词辨析。shadow“树影”,shade“树 荫”;再看单复数:shade是不可数名词,无复数形式, 而shadow既可作可数名词,又可作不可数名词,故选 A项。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

6.Hearing that a foreigner would come to teach them,all the students became excited,with their eyes________ on the doorway. A.fixed B.fixing C.to fix D.being fixed [解析] A 考查 with的复合结构。With复合结构中分词 作补语,fix 和 eyes构成动宾关系,故选A项。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

7.—Do you________ modern music? —No,I prefer classical music________ modern music. A.care about;than B.care for;to C.care about;to D.care for;than [解析] B 从句子的意思分析,此处讨论的是对两种音 乐的喜好, 所以第一处用care for “喜欢”;第二处为句 型结构prefer sth to sth。

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8.It was reported that 70% of the men present at the meeting ________ for the plan but the minority of it ________ still under discussion. A.were; was B.were; were C.was; were D.was; was [解析] A 考查主谓一致。分数、百分数、most of 及 the minority/majority 作主语时,谓语动词的单复数形 式与其后面的名词保持一致。 根据 men 确定第一空为 were,根据it 确定第二空为was。

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9.Linda used to ________ her parents when she lived far away from them, but she has got used to ________ on her own. A.missing; standing B.miss; standing C.miss; stand D.missing; stand [解析] B 考查非谓语动词。句意:当远离父母时,琳 达过去常常想念他们,但是她现在已经习惯了独立自 主。used to do sth“过去常常做某事(而现在不做了)”; get/be used to doing“习惯于做某事”。

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10.[2011?安徽卷] His writing is so confusing that it's difficult to make out ________ it is he is trying to express. A.that B.how C.who D.what [解析] D 考查名词性从句。句意:他的书写是如此 的让人迷惑以至于很难理解他到底想表达什么。make out后接名词性从句,what在这里作express的宾语,表 示express的内容,故选D。

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请完成课时作业?六?
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阅读写作(六) [完形填空技法指 导之行文逻辑]

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◇ 重视行文逻辑 ◇ 完形填空首先考查的就是考生对文章的理解能力。 因此考生在做完形填空时,应把它看作一个意思连贯、 结构完整的语篇,而不是单项填空。做题时要善于利 用段首句或首段最大限度地获取信息。完形填空的首 句或前几句话都是完整的,为考生提供足够的信息去 挖掘文章的思路,而且,这里往往包含主题句,提供 理解文章大意和主要内容必要的线索。

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此外,完形填空是具有完整内容且按照一定思路发展 的文章,各段及各句之间都有逻辑上的必然联系,因 此还要注意把握文章发展的基本线索,搞清段与段、 句与句之间的逻辑关系。答题时,考生首先要树立起 语篇概念,抓住文章主题思想,理清其结构布局, 明 辨句子之间以及段落之间的关系,利用句与句、句群 与句群之间的逻辑关系解题。句子之间的逻辑关系主 要包括:并列关系(连接词有and,while等);转折关系 (连接词有but,however,though,whereas, nevertheless等);因果关系(连接词有so,therefore, thus,because, for,since,as等);
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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

让步关系(连接词或短语有though,although,despite, in spite of等);条件关系(连接词或短语有if,unless, once,provided that,in case of等);解释关系(连接词 或短语有i.e.,that is to say, in other words等);顺序关 系(连接词有before,after,and,first,second,then, next, finally等)。

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一、因果关系 1 [2012?山东卷] (节选) The couple were soon spending all their time and money, so Kurt visited food and clothing companies to ________ donations. A. pay for B. ask for C. look into D. carry out 【点睛】 B 句中spending与ask for存在因果关系。由 于花完了这对夫妇的所有金钱,因此Kurt拜访一些食 品和服装公司,请求他们的捐助。pay for“为?? 付款”;ask for“请求,要求”;look into“调查”; carry out“执行”。只有B项符合题意。
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2 They tell the story of a mother whose baby grows ________ and pale and has changed so much that it is almost unrecognizable to the parents. A. ill B. slim C. short D. small 【点睛】 A 选项中ill与文中pale是因果关系,即因为 “生病”,所以脸色才会“苍白”,故选A。

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二、 同类关系 3 [2012?山东卷] (节选) The Mullers soon realised that food and clothing weren't enough. “What these people also need is warmth and ________,” says Rita. A. fame B. freedom C. courage D. caring 【点睛】 D 文中warmth与选项中caring存在同类关 系。Muller夫妇意识到仅仅为这些无家可归者提供食 物和衣服是不够的,他们还需要温暖和关心。fame“名 誉,名声”;freedom“自由”;courage“勇气”; caring “关心; 关爱 ”。该空要根据连词and和其所连接的 “warmth”判断。“温暖”和“关爱”并列,故选D。
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4 Edgar Allan Poe is also remembered as the father of modern detective fiction, stories of an investigator who has to solve murders and other ________. A. accidents B. crimes C. events D. incidents 【点睛】 B 文中murders与选项中crimes存在同类 关系。因为“murder(凶杀)”是各种“crimes(犯罪)”行为 中的一种,所以与“murder(凶杀)”并列的应是“其他各 种犯罪行为”,故选B。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

三、 相对关系 5 When Christ was born nearly two thousand years ago, many people, rich and ________, gave him presents. A. ill B. healthy C. poor D. tall 【点睛】 C 文中rich与选项中poor存在相对关系。由 句意可知,应当是指“耶稣出生时,许多人,无论贫 富,都给他礼物”,故选择与rich意思相对的poor。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

四、 转折关系 6 [2012?重庆卷] (节选) Eventually, I was touched by this land of wonder. ________, my parents showed no interest in my garden. A. Instead B. However C. Therefore D. Besides 【点睛】 B 尽管“我”的花园有了满园春色,但根据该 空后的my parents showed no interest可知此处表示转 折。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

7 [2011?江苏卷] (节选)________, the boy of our story was a pretty smart guy, even if he couldn't always get what he wanted. A. Therefore B. However C. Moreover D. Otherwise 【点睛】 B 语意为:然而 (however), 故事中的男孩 是一个相当聪明的孩子,即使他总是得不着他想要的 东西。此处与上文形成对比,所以选B项表示转折。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

【活学活用】 1.[2011?江苏卷] (改编) The boy wasn't much of a fruiteater, preferring a bar of chocolate if given the choice, ________, as they say, the forbidden fruit can be tempting. Seeing the apple, the boy wanted it. A.so B.then C.but D.or [解析] C 考查并列连词辨析。句意为:就像人们常说 的,越禁止的东西,诱惑力越强。和上文不喜爱吃水 果形成对比关系,所以选择C表示转折。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

2.Nobel was upset to find out not that he had died, but that, when his time was up, he would be thought of only as one who profited from _________ and destruction. A.death B.disease C.trouble D.attack [解析] A 与destruction(毁灭)并列的应当是death(死 亡),故选A。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

3.The poverty(贫困)was worse than anything my young companions had ever imagined. Back in the hotel, an air of sadness settled over the group. Many _______ and cried. A.gave up B.broke down C.set off D.held on [解析] B 与cry(哭)并列的应当是break down (情绪失 控,精神崩溃),故选B。

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第6讲 Unit 6 Design

4.It's not easy being a teenager—nor is it easy being the parent of a teenager. You can make your child feel angry, hurt, or ____________ by what you say without realizing it yourself. A.dismissed B.misunderstood C.misled D.satisfied [解析] B 与angry(生气)和hurt(被伤害)意思相关的应 当是misunderstood(被误解),故选B。

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