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高中英语 Unit 22 Environmental Protection 背景知识拓展 北师大版选修8


Unit 22 Environmental Protection
Environmental problems Environmental problems are becoming more and more se rious all over the world. With the development of industry and agriculture, cars make great noises and give off poisonous gas. Trees on the hills have been cut down, and waste water is being poured continuously into rivers. Furthermore, wherev er we go today, we can find rubbish carelessly disposed. The whole ecological balance of the earth is changing. Massive destruction of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat to man's existence. There are still many problems of environmental protection in recent years. One of the most serious problems is the serious pollution of air, water and soil. The polluted air does great harm to people’s health. The polluted water causes diseases and death. What is more, vegetation has been greatly reduced with the rapid growth of modern cities. To protect the environment, governments of many countries have done a lot. Legislative steps have been introduced to co n trol air pollution, to protect the forest and sea resources and to stop any environmental pollution. Therefore, governments are playing the most important role in the environmental protection today. In my opinion, to protect environment, the gove rnment must take even more concrete measures. Firstly, it should let people fully realize the importance of environmental protection through education. Secondly , much more efforts shou ld be made to put the population planning policy into practice, because more peopl e means more pollution. Finally, those who destroy the environment intentionally should be severely punished. We should let them know that destroying environ ment means destroying mankind themselves. As we all know, there is only one earth. The environment must be linked with social ethics, character education and practice acts Everyone must fulfil his responsibilities and obligations to protect the environment. 环境问题 全世界的环境 问题正变得越来越严重。随着 工农业的发展,汽车制造噪音、排放毒气。山上的 树木被砍伐,污水不断被排入河里。另外,如今无 论我们走到哪里, 到处可见随意丢弃的垃圾。 整个 地球生态平衡正在改变。 环境的巨大破坏已经带来 了负面影响,甚至对人类生存造成巨大威胁。

目前环保还存在着许多问题。 最严重的问题就 是空气、 水和土壤的严重污染。 污染的空气对人类 的健康十分有害。污染的水引起疼病,造成死亡。 更有甚者, 随着现代社会的迅速扩建, 植被大大地 减少。 为了保护环境, 各国政府做了大量的工作。 采 用了立法措施控制大气污染, 保护森林资源和海洋 资源,制止任何环境污染。因此,在当今的环保中 政府起着最重要的作用。

依我看来, 为了保护环境, 政府应当采取更具 体的措施。 首先, 应当通过教育使人们充分认识到 环境保护的重要性。 第二, 应更加努力地把计划生 育政策付诸实施,因为人口多就意味着污染严重。 最后, 要严惩那些故意破坏环境者。 应该使他们知 道破坏环境就是毁灭人类自己。

众所周知, 人类只有一个地球。 环境要与社会 公德、 人格教育和实践行为联系起来。 每个人都要 履行保护环境的责任和义务。

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The earth is our home and we have the duty to take care of it for ourselves and for our later generations. Fortunately, more and more people have realized these problems. Measures have been taken to cope with these problems by the government. Laws have been passed to stop pollution. I hope the problem will be solved in the near future and our home will become better and better.

地球是我们的 家园,我们有责任为我们自己 和我们的后代去照顾好它。 庆幸的是, 越来越多的 人们已经意识到这些问题。 政府已经采取了很多措 施去解决这些问题。 法律已被通过以制止污染。 我 希望这些问题在不远的将来能得到解决, 我们的家 园变得越来越好。

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