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高中英语必修一unit3复习学案


必修一 Unit 3 Travel journal 复习学案
一. 课标词汇(括号内数字为词汇级别,数字越大越是高频词汇) 1. ( n. 大学毕业生;vi 毕业 5) 2. (vt. 说服;劝说 5) 3. (n. 旅行; 旅程 5) 4. (n. 态度; 看法 5) to/towards 5. (vt. 决定;确定;下定决心 4) (adj. 坚决的;有决心的 4)

6. (vt. 组织;成立 4) 7. (vi. 流动;流出;n. 流动;流量 4) 8. (n. 进度表 vt.安排时间 4) 9. (n. 不利条件;不便 3) 10. (n. 日记;杂志;定期周刊 3) 11. (n/vt. 预测;预报 3) 12. (adj. 可信赖的;可靠的 3) 13. (n. 保险 3) 14. (n. 一步;步调 vi.踱步 3) 15. (n. 枕头;枕垫 2) 16. (n. 火焰;光芒;热情 2) 17. (n. 庙宇;寺庙 2) 18. (adj. 顽固的;固执的 1) 19. (n. 瀑布 1) 20. (n. 海拔高度;高处 1) 二. 实用短语 1. 从那以后 2. 喜爱;喜欢 3. 关心;忧虑;惦念;在意 4. 改变主意 5. 下决心;决定 6. 投降;屈服;让步 7. 照常;像往日一样 8. 在午夜 9. 梦想;梦见 10. 醒着 11. 齐头并进,并驾齐驱 12. 使某人对…感兴趣 13. 劝说某人做某事 14. 迫不及待地去干某事 三.精讲词汇 1. prefer (5) vt. 更喜欢;宁愿(要) (=like …better/more) 此词不与比较级连用 prefer+n./doing sth.to+n./doing sth.宁愿??,不愿?? prefer sb.to do sth.宁愿某人做某事 prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.宁可??,不愿?? prefer +that clause (虚拟语气 should do, should 可省) 宁愿… show/have a preference for 偏爱?? have a preference of sth.to/over another 宁要某物而不要另一物 He prefers reading books to watching TV. 他喜欢读书胜过看电视。 I prefer to stay with my children on holidays. 我喜欢假日里和孩子们待在一起。 I prefer to walk there rather than ride on a crowded bus. 我宁愿走着去那里也不愿乘坐拥挤的公共汽车。 I should prefer you not to stay there too long. 我倒宁愿你别在那里待得太久。 翻译句子 (1)我喜欢看电视而不喜欢出去。(用两种方式翻译)

(2)我倒希望你马上就走。(用两种方式翻译)

(3)布朗先生比较喜欢把业余时间用来读点书。 2 . persuade(5) vt. 说服;劝服; 使(某人)相信 vi 被说服 persuade sb (not) to do sth 说服某人(不)做某 persuade sb into /(out of) doing sth 事 persuade sb of sth 使某人相信某事 persuade sb + that clause 使某人相信…… try to persuade sb=advise sb 劝说某人(不一定成功) (1)The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people (被说服去食用) more fruit and vegetables. (2) While shopping, people sometimes don’t really need. 3. imagine vt. 想像;设想;料想;猜想 imagine+n/pron/Ving/that clause 想像...... imagine sb as/to be… 想像某人是…… imagine sb’s/sb doing… 想像某人做某事 (1)I can hardly (想象 Peter 横渡) the Atlantic Ocean in five years. (2) ( 很难想象他接受了 )the decision without any consideration. (3) You can (想象这是多么的艰难) to settle down to work on the newspaper at two pounds a week, when I knew that I could earn as much as that in a single day as a beggar. 4. graduate v.毕业 n.大学毕业生 派生:graduation n.毕业 短语:graduate from 毕业于 (1)After ____________ (graduate),what are you going to do? (2)My sister graduated ______ Beijing University ____ 1982. (3) He is _____ graduate of Oxford. 5.insist : declare firmly 坚持认为,坚持主张 ※insist on/upon one’s doing sth 坚持做,坚决做 e.g. I insisted on/upon his coming with us. ※insist that +从句 “坚持说”(后表示一个事实), 后接的从句用陈述语气, 既按需要选 择时态。 e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. ※insist that sb. (should) do sth. 坚决主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚拟语气, 既 “should +v.” e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted that she (should) see a doctor. 高考链接 (1)I insisted that a doctor __ immediately. A has been sent for B. sent for C. will be sent for D. be sent for (禁不住被说服购买) something they

(2).The doctor insisted that I a high fever and that I a rest for a few days. ? A.had;had B.have;have ? C.had;have D.have;had (3).The man insisted a taxi for me even if/though I told him I lived nearby. A.find B.to find ? C.on finding D.in finding 5. determine vt. 决定;确定;下定决心 determined(4)adj. 坚定的;有决心的 2 determine to do sth 决心做某事(表动作) be determined to do sth 决心做某事(表心理状态) determine sb to do sth 使某人决心做某事 determine on (doing) sth 决定(干)某事 翻译: (1).我们决定早一点动身。 (两种翻译方法) (2).你应该懂得目标决定你将成为什么样的人。 四.短语辨析 1. care about sth (=feel that sth is important and worth worrying about) 关注;在意;担忧 care about sb (=like or love sb and worry about what happens to them) 关心;关怀 care for sb 1. (=to look after sb who is sick, very old, very young, etc.) 照顾;照料(正 式用语) 2.(=to like or love sb very much) 喜欢某人 翻译: (1). 我认为她并不在乎她儿子。 (2) .我不太喜欢歌剧。 ⑴ The only thing he cares __________ is money. ⑵ I don’t really care _____ red wine. ⑶Who will take care ___ your baby if you are out? ⑷ Many accidents are caused by ________ (care) driving. ⑤ They studied the question _________ (care) before they made the decision. 2. give in(to sb/sth) 1. (=admit that you have been defeated by sb/sth) 认输,投降 2. (=agree to do sth that you don't want to do;give way to sb/sth) 让 步 give up(sth/doing sth) (=stop having or doing sth) 放弃 give out 用完;用尽;分发;分布 give away 捐赠;暴露;泄露 give off 发散(气 味);发出(光) (1) He gave ____ to her request. (2) If you give _____ smoking,you will save a lot of money every year. (3) His accent gave him _____ . So I knew he was from USA. (4) His money soon gave ______ because he bought a lot of things. 五.重点句子 1. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle ? along ? the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.首先想到沿着整条湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅行的是 我姐姐 我看这部电影是在上海。

2.A determined person always tries to finish the job,no matter how hard it is. 有决心的人总是努力完成工作,而不管它有多难。

No matter how 引导让步状语从句, 意为 “无论多么??” , how 后紧跟 形容 词或 副 词, 此处相当于 however+形容词/副词。易混辨异疑问词+ever,no matter+疑问词 (1)whatever,whichever,whoever,whomever 可以引导让步状语从句,也可以引导名词性从 句,引导让步状语从句时,可以换成 no matter what/which/who/whom,位置可以在主句前, 也可以在主句后。 (2) wherever,whenever,however 常引导让步状语从句, 可以换成 no mattewhere/when/how, 可放在主句前或主句后。 (3)however 引导让步状语从句常与倒装结合起来。这时,however 起双重作用,一是引导让 步状语从句,二是修饰某一个形容词或副词,而这个形容词或副词要紧接在它之后。 即学即用 (1)我告诉他什么时候想回来就回来。? I told him to come back . ? (2)无论在何地,你总是会受到欢迎的。? You are always welcome . 完形填空 There are many kinds of friends. Some are always 31 you, but don't understand you. Some say only a few words to you,but understand you.Many people will step in your life, but only 32 friends leave footprints (脚印). I shall always recall (回忆) the autumn and the girl with the 33 .She will always bring back the friendship between us. I know she will always be my best friend. It was the golden season. I could see the yellow leaves 34 on the cool 35 .In such a season, I liked walking alone in the leaves, 36 to the sound of them. Autumn is a 37 season and life is uninteresting.The free days always get me 38 .But one day, the sound of a violin 39 into my ears like a stream (小溪) flowing in the mountains.I was so surprised that I jumped to see what it was.A young girl,standing in the wind,was 40 in playing her violin. I had 41 seen her before. The music was so nice that I listened quietly. Lost in the music, I didn't know that I had been 42 there for so long but my existence (存在) did not seem to disturb her. Leaves were still falling.Every day she played the violin in the corner of the building 43 I went downstairs to watch her performance. I was the only listener. The autumn seemed no longer lonely and life became 44 . 45 we didn't know each other, I thought we were already good friends. I believe she also loved me. Autumn was nearly over.One day,when I was listening carefully,the sound suddenly 46 . To my astonishment (惊讶), the girl came over to me. “You must like violin.” she said. “Yes. And you play very well. Why did you stop?” I asked. Suddenly,a 47 expression appeared on her face and I could feel something unusual. “I came here to see my grandmother, but now I must leave. I once played very badly. It was your listening every day that 48 me.” she said. “In fact, it was your playing 49 gave me a meaningful autumn,” I answered, “Let's be friends.” The girl smiled, and so did I. I never heard her play again in my life. I no longer went downstairs to listen like before. Only

thick leaves were left behind. But I will always remember the fine figure (身影) of the girl. She is like a 50 —so short, so bright, like a shooting star giving off so much light that it makes the autumn beautiful. 31. A. with B. for C. against D. to 32. A. good B. true C. new D. old 33. A. sound B. song C. play D. violin 34. A. shaking B. hanging C. falling D. floating 35. A. wind B. snow C. air D. rain 36. A. watching B. listening C. seeing D. hearing 37. A. lively B. lovely C. harvest D. lonely 38. A. up B. off C. down D. over 39. A. flowed B. grew C. entered D. ran 40. A. lost B. active C. busy D. interested 41. A. once B. never C. often D. usually 42. A. waiting B. stopping C. standing D. hearing 43. A. because B. so C. when D. but 44. A. interesting B. moving C. encouraging D. exciting 45. A. But B. However C. Even D. Though 46. A. stopped B. began C. gone D. changed 47. A. happy B. sad C. strange D. surprised 48. A. surprised B. excited C. encouraged D. interested 49. A. that B. which C. it D. who 50. A. song B. dream C. fire D. sister


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