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完形填空专项练习(附解析)


完形填空专项练习 A
Different things usually stand for different feelings.Red, for example, is the color of fire, heat, blood and life. People say red is an exciting and active color. They associate(使发生联系)red with a strong feeling like __ 1 __. Red is used for signs of __ 2 __, such as STOP signs and fire engines. Orange is the bright, warm color of __ 3 __in autumn. People say orange is a __4 _ color. They associate orange with happiness. Yellow is the color of __ 5 __. People say it is a cheerful color. They associate yellow too, with happiness. Green is the cool color of grass in __ 6 __. People say it is a refreshing color. In general, people __ 7 __ two groups of colors: warm colors and cool colors. The warm colors are red, orange and__ 8 __. Where there are warm color and a lot of light, people usually want to be __ 9 __. Those who like to be with 10 like red .The

cool colors are _ 11 _and blue. Where are these colors, people are usually worried. Some scientists say that time seems to __12 _more slowly in a room with warm colors. They suggest that a warm color is a good _ 13 _for a living room or a _ 14 __. People who are having a rest or are eating do not want time to pass quickly. _ 15 _colors are better for some offices if the people working there want time to pass quickly. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 1. A. sadness ) 2. A. roads ) 3. A. land ) 4. A. lively ) 5. A. moonlight ) 6. A. summer ) 7. A. speak ) 8. A. green ) 9. A. calm ) 10. A. the other ) 11. A. black ) 12. A. go round ) 13. A. one B. anger B. ways B. leaves B. dark B. light B. spring B. say B. yellow B. sleepy B. another B. green B. go by B. way C. administration C. danger C. grass C. noisy C. sunlight C. autumn C. talk about C. white C. active C. other one C. golden C. go off C. fact D. smile D. places D. mountains D. frightening D. stars D. winter D. tell D. gray D. helpful D. others D. yellow D. go along D. matter

( (

) 14. A. factory ) 15. A. Different

B. classroom B. Cool

C. restaurant C. Warm

D. hospital D. All

Keys:BCBAC BCBCD ABBCB 点评:不同颜色往往可以代表不同的心情。根据不同颜色的特点以及给人留下的感觉,颜色 的选择在日常生活中往往也起着一定的作用。 本文以其中的一些颜色为例作了相关的解释说 明,是一篇知识性很强的文章。 答案简析: 1.B。根据上文的strong feeling可知anger最合乎文意。 2.C。下文所列举的例子 STOP signs 和 fire engines 都属于危险信号,故选择 danger。 3.B。根据常识,黄色应是秋天树叶的颜色,故应选leaves。 4.A。下文提到人们把黄色和幸福联系起来,说明黄色是一个充满生机的颜色,故选lively。 5.C。下文提到黄色是令人愉快的颜色,根据常识太阳光的颜色是黄色,故选sunlight。 6.B。绿色是春季里草的颜色,故选spring。 7. C。 speak后面往往接某种语言作宾语; say后面常接说话的内容; tell的宾语一般是人; talk about sth.意为谈论某事物。故C为正确选项。 8.B。根据上文对yellow的解释。说明yellow也属于warm color。 9.C。与下文喜欢冷色调的人相对应,再根据上文对各种暖色调的选择,active合乎文意为 正确选项。 10.D。others相当于other people意为“别的人”。another指“另一个”。other one不可单独使用, the other one指“另外的一个”。 11.A。四个选项中只有black可归纳到冷色调当中去。 12.B。go around意为“到处走动”;go off 意为“离开,爆炸”;go along意为“前进,进行”; go by意为“走过,流逝”。根据文意,应选go by。 13.B。way根据上文,暖色调的环境下时间似乎过得更慢,说明暖色调是用来装饰居室和 饭馆的好方法,故选择way。 14.C。比较四个场所只有饭馆适合使用暖色调。 15.B。与暖色调相对立,冷色调适用于办公室,以使人感觉时间过得比较快。 B Why do I want to go to college? No one has ever asked me __1 __ a question. But many times I have asked myself. I have __2__ a whole variety of reasons. __3__ important reason is that I want to be a better man. Many things make human beings different __4__ or better than or even superior to animals. One of the most important things is __5__ . If I fail to receive higher education, my education __6__. As I want to be a fully __7__ man, I must get a well-rounded education, which good colleges and universities are supposed to __8__. I know one can get educated in many ways, but colleges and universities are __9__ the best places to teach me how to educate myself. Only when I am well-educated, will I be a better human being and __10__ fit into society.

(

) 1. A. quite

B. so

C. such

D. another

( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
(

) 2. A. come up with ) 3. A. Most ) 4. A. to ) 5. A. education ) 6. A. finished ) 7. A. develop ) 8. A. improve ) 9. A. between
) 10. A. can good

B. agreed with B. The most B. around B. weather B. don’t finish B. developed B. graduate B. among B. may better

C. been fed up with C. More C. between C. temperature C. will not finish C. developing C. hear C. inside C. be able to better

D. got on well with D. Much D. from D. science D. has finished D. experience D. provide D. outside D. be able to best

Keys:CABDA CBDBC 点评:本文主要围绕“我为什么要上大学?”这一话题展开讨论,首先介绍了教育对人发展的 重要性,然后说明大学在教育中的地位,从而层次分明地解释了上大学的原因。 答案简析: 1. C。such常用在不定冠词或名词前修饰可数名词或不可数名词,表示“此类的”、“这种的”, 故such为正确选项。 2. A。come up with意为“提出、找出”;agree with意为“同意”;be fed up with意为“对??厌倦”; get on well with意为“和??相处得好”。根据文意A为正确选项。 3. B。上文讲到我曾找到过各种各样的原因,其中最重要的原因应当是??,因此这里应用 important的最高级,故选the most。 4. D。固定结构be different from 表示“不同于??”。 5. A。本段着重说明了教育在人的发展中的作用,以及大学在教育中的地位。作为总括句, 本空应填education。 6. C。这是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,意为“如果我不能受到更高等的教育,我就无 法完成我的学业”,故选will not finish为正确选择。 7. B。这里只能选可作定语的选项。过去分词 developed 表示“成熟的”,为正确选项。 8. D。大学应是提供高等教育的地方, provide符合文意为正确选项。 9. B。介词among可表示”包括??在内”为正确选项。 10. C。与前半句相对应,这里仍应用比较级,而 may better 意思不对,因此 be able to better 为正确选项。 C Many people think that Americans__ 1 __their cars almost more than anything else. When__ 2 __people are fourteen years old, they want to have their__ 3 __cars. They don’t ask for a car from their__ 4 __. So many of them work in__ 5 __time during their last year of high school to buy a car. Learning to__ 6 __and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most exciting things in a young person’s life. Some people almost__ 7 __go to a doctor when they are ill. But they will__ 8 __their cars

to a garage as soon as they think there is a__ 9 __. On Saturdays or Sundays some people may__

10 __most of their time washing and repairing their cars. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
(

) 1. A. prefer ) 2. A. little ) 3. A. new ) 4. A, friends ) 5. A. free ) 6. A. make ) 7. A. always ) 8. A. take ) 9. A. question
) 10. A. cost

B. love B. big B. own B. teachers B. busy B. mend B. never B. carry B. wrong B. get

C. drive C. old

D. play D. young

C. expensive D. cheap C. parents C. study C. wash C. often C. pull C. mistake C. spend D. brothers D. good D. drive D. usually D. lift D. problem D. use

Keys:BDBCA DBADC 点评:本文介绍了美国人尤其是年轻人对于轿车的厚爱,并列举了一些事例加以说明。让人 们看到了一个发达国家的富裕和人民生活的繁荣。 答案简析 1. B。通过下文的事例不难看出美国人对汽车不是一般的喜欢,故用love it,较贴近文章的 意思。 2. D。按常识,十四五岁的人应称为年轻人,故应说young。 3. B。 根据下文他们不想通过索要来获取别人的小轿车, 而是想拥有自己的小汽车, 故选own。 4. C。如果说想要索要小汽车的话,那只有先从父母亲那儿开始了,故应选parents。 5. A。十四五岁的年轻人大多在上学,所以工作占用的应是上学期间的空隙,故应选free。 6. D。要想获得驾照得先学开车,故应选drive。 7. B。与下文“车子一有问题就去修理”相对应,有些人病了却从不看医生,故应选never。 8. A。carry应为“搬运”,push 为“推”,lift 意思为“举,提起”都不合文意,take sth. to 某地, 意为“把??带到??”。 9. D。只能选择一个名词, 表示汽车的“故障,毛病”, 故选problem。 10. C。spend some time doing sth.为一个固定搭配,意为“花时间干某事”。 D Someone says, “Time is money.” But I think time is __ 1 __ important than money. Why? Because when money is spent, we can get it back. However, when time is __ 2 __it’ll never__ 3

__. That’s__ 4 __we mustn’t waste time.
It goes without saying that the__ 5 __is usually limited. Even a second is very important. We should make full use of our time to do__ 6 __useful. But it is a pity that there are a lot of people who do not know the importance of time. They

spent their limited time smoking, drinking and__ 7 __. They do not know that wasting time means wasting part of their own __ 8 __. In a word, we should save time. We shouldn’t__ 9 __today’s work for tomorrow.Remember we have no time to__ 10 __.

( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
(

) 1. A. much ) 2. A. cost ) 3. A. return ) 4. A. what ) 5. A. money ) 6. A. nothing ) 7. A. reading ) 8. A. time ) 9. A. stop
) 10. A. lose

B. less B. bought B. carry B. that B. time B. something B. writing B. food B. leave B. save

C. much less C. gone C. take C. because C. day C. anything C. playing C. money C. let C. spend

D. even more D. finished D. bring D. why D. food D. everything D. working D. life D. give D. take

Keys: DCADB BCDBA 点评:文章讲述了时间的重要性。金钱用完了可以再来,但时间却是一去不复返。告诫我们 要珍惜时间,不能虚度年华。 答案简析 1.D。该句中多音节形容词important的比较级应是 more important ,用even来修饰比较级, 故选 even more important。 2.C。这里表示时间流逝,故选gone。 3.A。时间流逝就不会再回来,根据文意应选return。 4.D。上文解释了我们为什么不能浪费时间,承接上文应用why。 5.B。时间的流逝悄无声息,故应选 time。 6.B。根据文意可知,我们应珍惜时间,做一些有用的事情,故选something。 7.C。该句列举了一些人浪费时间的例子,四个选项中只有playing能和smoking, drinking 相 提并论,故选playing。 8.D。根据文意,浪费时间就是浪费自己的生命,故选life。 9.B。leave意为“留下,剩下”。根据文意,我们不能把今天的事留到明天做,故选 leave。 10.A。这里表示浪费时间,故选 lose。 E Allan was worried. This was his first time to go traveling__ 1 __. He didn’t know how to find his seat, __ 2 __he went to the air hostess(空姐) and asked, “Could you help me? I can’t find my seat.” The air hostess showed__ 3 __the seat and told him__ 4 __and fasten the seat belt(系 好安全带). She told Allan not to move about when the plane was going up. And she also said that

Allan’s ears might feel__ 5 __strange, but he didn’t need to__ 6 __it because many people felt

__ 7 __ that. When the plane was flying very high, Allan could stand up and walk around. He
could__ 8 __read books, newspapers or see films. The air hostess would

__ 9 __food and drinks. Allan would enjoy the flight and__ 10 __soon. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
(

) 1.A. by ship ) 2.A. yet ) 3.A. him ) 4.A. stand up ) 5.A. a little ) 6.A worrying ) 7.A. in ) 8.A. neither ) 9.A hold
) 10. A. arrive home

B. by air B. or B. me B. sleep B. little B. be worried B. for B. either B. take

C. by car C. but C. her C. to sit down C. a bit of C. worry about C. as C. both C. bring

D. by bus D. so D. he D. sit down D. bit D. worry D. like D. also D. carry D. reach at home

B. arrive to home C. get to home 22

Keys: BDACA CDBCA 点评:本文讲述了Allan第一次乘飞机时的经历与感受。 答案简析 1.B。本文讲述了Allan第一次乘飞机时的情况, 故选by air。 2.D。根据文意, Allan因为找不到座位, 所以他就去问空姐。这里构成因果关系,应用 so 引导结果状语从句。 3.A。Allan是男士,故选 him充当show的宾语。 4.C。tell sb. to do sth.意思是“叫某人干某事”。故选to sit down。 5.A。a little修饰形容词表示“有点??”。 6. C。 need to后面应接动词原形。 worry为不接物动词, 不能直接接宾语。 故选 worry about。 7.D。like that意为“像那样”。 8.B。固定结构either…or… , 意为“或者??或者??”。 9.C。根据文意,空姐拿来食物和饮料给乘客, 故选bring。 10.A。这里 home 是副词,其前面应用不接物动词,故选择 arrive home。


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