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1. Whom _______ this pair of glasses belong to and whose ________ the glasses on the table? A. does; is B. do; are C. does; are D. do; is

2. There _______ a pen, two pencils and three books on the desk. A. are B. is C. has D. have

3. The United States of America ________ one of the most developed countries in the world. A. is B. are C. was D. were 4. “All ______ present and all ________ going on well,” our monitor said. A. is; is B. are; are C. are; is D. is; are

5. I have finished a large part of the book, the rest of which _________ very difficult. A. is B. are C. was D. were

6. The trouble with such resources as coal, oil and gas ______ that they are not renewable. A. has been B. are C. have been D. is

7. More than one example _______ necessary to make the students understand this rule clearly. A. should be B. is C. are D. have been

8. Although many of the houses in the small town ______ still in need of repair, there _______ lots of improvement in their appearance. A. are; has been C. is; are B. is; have been D. are; was

9. Going to bed early and getting up early _________ a good habit. A. is B. are C. were D. was

10. The police _______ asked that anyone who saw the accident should get in touch with _______. A. have; them B. has; him C. have; him D. has; them

11. My friend and classmate Paul ________ horse-riding in his spare time. A. practice B. practices C. is practiced. D. is practicing

12. People like beautiful things, but the beautiful________ not always the useful. A. is 13. ―Are you very anxious? ―Yes. Ten minutes ________ like an hour when you are waiting for a phone call. A. seem B. seems C. do D. does B. are C. was D. were

14. On the wall ________ two large pictures of his parents.

A. hangs A. intends

B. hanged B. intend

C. hanging C. are intended

D. hang D. is intended

15. That’s the one of the subjects that ___________ to start a conversation.

16. I, who _________ your teacher, will try my best to help you with your study. A. be B. am C. are D. is

17. Not only my brother but also I _______ good at painting. Both of us _________ good painters. A. are; are B. am; are C. is; is D. are; is

18. Setting fire to the public buildings ________ highly dangerous and forbidden by law. A. are B. is C. has D. were

19. _________ visitors to the UK were asked by newspaper reporters what their impressions of the British people were. A. The number of B. A number of C. Numbers of D. Any numbers of

20. The first two questions were easy, but the rest of them _______ not. A. was correctly.” A. are; express C. is; express B. are; expresses D. is; express B. were C. being D. to be 21. “The public _______ the best judge.” means “the public always ______ their thoughts

22. This kind of cakes ______ good while cakes of that kind ________ different. A. taste; are B. tastes; are C. smells; is D. look; are

23. Where to find the teacher and where to do the experiment _________. A. are not known C. has not known B. is not known D. have not known

24. The manager or his secretary ______ to give you an interview. A. is B. are C. was D. were

25. That they have cheated the boys ________ now clear to us all. A. is B. are C. was D. were

26. The old ________ taken good cave of in our country. A. is B. has C. are D. have

27. It seems to me that what Lucy saw and heard ________ very interesting. A. was B. were C. is D. are

28. Every means _______ tried, but in vain. A. have been B. has been

C. are

D. is

29. Many a boy and many a student ________ looking forward to visiting the United States of America at present. A. are A. is playing A. are B. were B. have played B. is C. is C. are playing C. do D. was D. play D. have

30. E-mail, as well as telephones, _______ an important part in daily communication. 31. Though small, the ant is as much a creature as _______ all other animals on earth.

32. Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that _______ not fully understood. A. are B. were C. is D. was

33. Everybody in our country, men and women, old and young, ________ sports and games. A. are fond of B. enjoys C. go in for D. take part in

34. There are _______ flowers shown in the park and ________ people go to have a look. A. varieties of; various C. various; many a B. a plenty of; many D. quite a few; quite a little

35. An iron and steel works, with some satellite factories _________ to be built here. A. is B. are C. was D. were

36. The engineer and worker referred to ____________ to design something. A. be going B. are going C. be likely D. is going

37. As a result of destroying the forests, a large _______ of desert _________ covered the land. A. number; has C. number; have B. quantity; has D. quantity; have

38. —The education system rather than the teachers _____ to answer for the overburden on the students. —I agree. I hope the reform being carried out in our country will hang about the _______ results. A. are; desired C. are; desiring B. is; desired D. is; desiring

39. His Selected Poems ________ first published in 1986. A. were B. was C. has been D. is

40. Writing stories and articles ________ what she enjoys most. A. is B. have been C. was D. were

41. Each of the students in our class ______ great interest in English and they each ______ a copy of A New English-Chinese Dictionary.

A. shows; have

B. have; has

C. is; have

D. takes; has

42. The factory, including its machines and buildings, ________ burnt last night. A. is B. are C. were D. was

43. The White family _______ very large. All the family _______ animal lovers. A. is; are B. is; is C. are; is D. are; are

44. Large quantities of fruit ________ all over the world from China today. A. is shipped A. is B. are shipped B. are C. has Shipped C. has D. have shipped D. have

45. In our country each boy and each girl _______ the right to receive a good education.

1.C。“this / the pair of + 名词”作主语,谓语动词用单数;glasses,trousers,clothes 等复 数名词作主语,谓语动词则用复数。 2.B。There be 句型中,主语不止一个时,遵循“就近一致”的原则,即谓语与邻近的主语 保持人称和数的一致。 3.A。表示国家,组织、单位的名词作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数。 4.C。不定代词 all 作主语,指人时,谓语动词常用复数;指物时,谓语动词常用单数。 5.A。“the rest of + 名词”作主语,谓语动词的数与中心名词保持一致,这里 which 指代 the book.故用 is。 6.D。the trouble / problem with ...意为“由……带来的问题;……存在的问题”。题中:the trouble 为主语部分的中心词。 7. many a(许多) + 单数可数名词或 more than one(不止一个) + 单数可数名词作主语时, B。 常遵循“语法一致”的原则,即主语是单数,谓语也用单数。 8.A。此处 improvement 是不可数名词。 9.A。当 and 连接两个或两个以上的词、短语或句子作主语且表示同一概念时,谓语动词 用单数。 10.A。police,people,cattle 等表示“总称”的名词作主语时,谓语动词常用复数。 11.B。Paul 既是我的朋友还是我的同学,主语指的是一个人,故谓语动词用单数,且根 据题意,此处需用一般现在时态的主动语态。 12.C。the + 形容词/ -ing 形式/ 过去分词(表示—类人或事物)做主语时,谓语动词常用复 数, 但表示一种抽象概念或品质时, 谓语动词常用单数。 题中 the beautiful is not always the useful 意为“好看的不一定总是有用的”。 13.B。表示时间、距离、金额数量等的名词作为一个整体作主语时,谓语动词常用单数 形式。 14.D。这是一个倒装句,主语是复数形式,故谓语动词用复数。 15.D。be intended to do / for 意为“被打算……”。先行词为 one of ...结构时,定语认句中

的谓语动词用复数形式; 先行词为 the (only) one of ...结构时, 从句中谓语动词用单数。 16.B。关系代词作主语,定语从句中的谓语动词应与先行词保持人称和数的一致。 17.B。not only ... but also,either ... or,neither ... nor,not ... but 等结构连接并列主语时, 谓语动词的数应遵循“就近一致”的原则。 18.B。不定式、-ing 形式短语或名词性从句作主语时,谓语动词常用单数。注意:当 what 引导的从句作主语,且表语为名词时,谓语动词的数常由表语的数决定。 19B. 。答案 C、D 本身就错误的,A 表示“……的数目”,B 表示“许多”,依据谓语是 were, 选 B。 20.B。本题的要点是 half of,the rest of,plenty of 修饰可数或不可数名词作主语,谓语 动词用单数还是复数,视具体情况而定。如果 of 后面是不可数名词,谓语用单数,如 果 of 后面是可数名词,则谓语用复数形式。 21.D。本题的变化点是集合名词若作整体看待,谓语用单数;若看作一个个成员时,谓 语用复数。 22.B。本题考查知识点是:由 a kind of,this kind of,many kinds of 和“名词+ of this kind” 等以及由与 kind 意义相似的 type,sort 等构成的类似短语作主语时,谓语动词与 of 前的名词保持数的一致。 23.A。本题考查知识点是不定式做主语时谓语动词的数。句子结构是“疑问词+to do and+ 疑问词+to do”,谓语动词应为复数形式。但如果两个疑问词加不定式在句中作主语表 示一件事的两个侧面,则谓语动词用单数。 24.A。谓语就近一致。 25.A。名词性从句作主语,谓语动词通常用单数。 26.C。定冠词置于形容词或分词前表示“一类人”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 27.A。主语从句后动词用单数。 28.D。means 单复数同形,every means 意为“每种方法”,故谓语动词用单数形式。 29.C。“many a + 单数名词”作主语,谓语用单数。 30.A。句中的主语是 e-mail,不包括 as well as telephones。 31.A。此句中的第二个 as 引导一个限制性定语从句,并在从句中作表语。先行词 creature 被 as 修饰, 所以定语从句要用 as 引导。 因定语从句的主语是复数名词 all other animals, 所以谓语用 are。全句意思:尽管蚂蚁很小,但它和地球所有其它动物一样都是生物。 as much ... as ... 意为“与……一样多的……”、“与……同样”。又如:He has as much interest in politics as in history.他对政治与历史同样感兴趣。 She spent twice as much money on clothing as I do. 她花在衣服上的钱是我花的两倍。 32.A。这里由引导的定语从句修饰复数名词 elements,所以定语从句中的 that 代替的复 数意义的名词,其谓语应该用复数形式;这里谈到的是现实存在的事实,排除 B 项。 33.B。everybody 是主语。 34.A。plenty of 前不应有 a,many a 接“单数名词+单数动词”,quite a little 后不能修饰 people。 35.A。句中主语是 an iron and steel works“一家钢铁厂”,谓语应用单数。 36.D。如果 and 连接的两个同是指同一个人、同一事物或同一概念,谓语一般用单数。

37.B。a large quantity of 后面跟的是不可数名词 desert,而且谓语动词是 has。 38.B。the education system 是主语,谓语动词应用单数;the desired results 意为“期望的结 果”。 39.B。以 s 结尾的书刊名、国名、组织名作主语时,谓语仍用单数。 40.A。单个动名词作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。 41.A。each 作主语,谓语动词用单数,作同位语时,谓语动词用复数。 42.D。主语部分含有 including,with, together with, rather than, as well as, except 等短语时, 谓语都应与前边的主语保持一致。 43.A。family,team,government 等名词侧重表示整体概念时,谓语动词常用单数;指成 员时,谓语动词常用复数。 44.B。“large quantities of +名词”作主语,谓语动词常用复数;a large quantities of + 名词 作主语,谓语动词的数由所修饰的名词来定。ship 此处意为“用船或飞机运输”。 45.C。each ... and each ...,every ... and every..., no ... no ...,等结构作主语,谓语动词常用单 数形式。




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