Successful English Learning Research in the field of language indicates that there are many things you can do to become a successful learner. Curiosity about language and culture, daily study
, and the commitment to use English in every possible situation while in an English-speaking environment, are very importantconditions for success. 1. Be clear and realistic about your goals. Your sense ofsuccess will depend on your needs for English and whetheror not you meet your needs. It is not just a question of measured progress. If you need conversational fluency, notetakingskills will not meet your needs. If you must learn to write effective business letters, informal conversation with current slangwill not help you achieve your goal. Know what your goals are. Do you need English for occasional speaking situations, for travel or entertaining Englishspeaking visitors? Do you want to improve comprehension inboth written and spoken English? Do you need to write English for professional purpose? Are you preparing for a university career in English? If so, your goals must include proficiency in all skill areas. Learning a foreign language is an inexact process. Veryfew people learn to use a foreign language as well as a nativespeaker does. Fortunately, very few people need to learnEnglish like a native English speaker in every skill area. Be realistic and aware of your goals. There are many reasons tolearn English, and your reasons are your own goals. 2. Be realistic about the length of time it takes to learn alanguage. Programs which promise overnight success aresimply not being honest. Language learning is a cumulativeprocess. You will experience bursts of accomplishment aswell blocks and delays in progress. You will notice improvement at different speeds in each skill area. Many studentsprogress more quickly in passive skill areas (reading andgrammar analysis) than in active and complex skill areas (speaking, notetaking during a lecture). If you are beginning level student whose goal is proficiency, a typical program may include at least nine months of intensive English study. Ifyour study program is short-term and your goals include improvement and review rather than proficiency you may realise some progress in two or more weeks. 3. Be aware of your learning style, If you know that you learn more quickly when you listen to an English statement a few times before writing it, or if you know that seeing a picture or graphic representation of a word or expression helps you to remember the word, then develop study habits which use the most effective techniques for you. Excellent instructors who know that students must be involved in active learning will created active learning experiences to connect you with the language. 4. Learn something about "language learning" Rember that language is a complex system of meaningful sounds organised with a series of rules (grammar). Every student has to study enough pronunciation, grammar and sentence structure to understand this! It is also true that language is a form of behaviour involving the human need to communicate and to be understood. Language learning involves motivation, emotion, a sense of self, and a set of cultural beliefs. Language is much more than sound and words and grammar. As you learn a new language, you will produce a "series of successive approximations-, meaning that each attempt at a new language will bring closer to effective communication. Language learning requires that you make mistakes. Do not be afraid of a language or afraid of making errors. Develop an abiity to relax; "playing" with a new language is an improtant part of learning. 5. Take responsibility for your own learning. A good instructor is half the equation for successful language learning.Take charge of your learning; participate actively in your program. Look for opportunities to use your new language in anyof many new environments. Be willing to make mistakes and learn from these mistakes. Focus on your goals, your studyhabits, and your willingness to" learn to learn'. Enjoy the process! Find inside yourself the reasons you want to learn,and detemine ways to evaluate your success for yourself.
英语学习成功之道 语言领域的研究显示，要想成为一个成功的学习者，你有许多事情可做。对于语言文化的好 奇、日常学习以及处于一个英语环境之中，自觉地在每个可能的场合中使用英语，这些都是迈向 成功的重要条件。 1．目标明确而现实。成功的感觉依赖于你对英语的需要以及你是否满足了这些需要。这不 仅仅是一个衡量学习进度的问题。如果你想要流利地对话，笔记技巧不会满足你的需要。如果你 一定要学会起草给人印象深刻的商务信函，非正式的、包含日常俚语的对话不能帮你实现目标。 要知道你的目标是什么。你学英语是为了应付偶而的说话场合、用于旅行中还是为接待说英 语的客人?你想在英语写作和口语的理解方面取得进步吗?你因为职业原因而需要用到英语写作 吗?你正准备在大学谋求一份有关英语的职业吗?如果是这样，你的目标一定要包括精通英语的所 有技能。 学习一门外语是一个非精确的过程。 很少有人能学会和外国当地人一样使用英语。 所幸的是， 也很少有人需要像外国当地人一样学习英语的每一种技能。你的目标必须明确而现实。学英语的 原因有许多，依据原因确定你自己的目标。 2．安排学习语言的时间长短要实事求是。承诺一夜成功的培训纯属无稽之谈。语言学习是 一个不断积累的过程。在学习进展中，你会突飞猛进，也会经历阻碍和拖延。对于每一种技能， 你会发现进步的速度也不尽相同。许多学生在被动的技能训练(阅读和语法分析)中进步更快，而 在主动并且复杂的技能训练(说、记课堂笔记)中则进步较慢。如果你是初级阶段的学生，你的目 标是熟练，典型的培训则可能包括至少 9 个月的英语强化学习。如果你的学习班是短期性质，你 的目标是复习与提高，而不是熟练，你在两个或两个以上的星期内就能取得一些进步。 3．注意你的学习风格。如果你觉得在多次倾听一个英语陈述后写下它将有助于你更快地把 握它；或者如果你觉得通过观看某个单词或短语的图示能帮你加强记忆，那么你就要培养这些能 帮助你最有效提高的良好学习习惯。深知学生需要主动投入学习的优秀老师，就会努力营造积极 的学习实践，使你和语言紧紧联结在一起。 4．掌握学习语言的技巧。要记住，语言是一个按规则(语法)组织起来的具有意义的声音的复 杂系统。每一个学生必须通过学习足够的发音、法和句子结构知识来理解它。语言也是人类用来 进行交流和表达自己的一种行为形式。语言学习包括动机、情感、自我感觉和文化理念。语言的 意义远不止于声音、词汇和语法。当你学习一门新语言时，你会产生一系列连续性的共鸣，也就 意味着，对一种新语言的每一次尝试，都会让你感觉距离有效交流更近一步。语言学习容许你犯 错误，不要害怕学习语言或者害怕犯错误。培养一种放松的心态，将学习融入乐趣，这在学习一 门新的外语过程中是非常重要的。 5．对自己的学习负责。有好的老师就是语言学习成功的一半。要管理好自己的学习、 ，积极 参与你的培训课程。在任何可能的新环境中寻求使用新语言的机会。乐于犯错误并学会从这些错 误中吸取教训；关注你的目标、你的学习习惯以及对“学会学习”的追求。享受这一过程吧!寻找 你想要学习的内在动因并为自己找出评价成功的方式。
The Man and the Opportunity The lack of opportunity is ever the excuse of a weak , vacilloting mind. Opportunities ! Every life is full of them . Every lesson in school or college is an Opportunity. Every examination is a chance in life. Every business transaction is an opportunity ---an opportunity to be polite, an opprtunity to be manly, an opportunity to be honest, an opportunity to make friends. Every proof of confidence in you is a great opportunity. Every responsibility thrust upon your strength and your honor is priceless. Existence is the privilege of effort and when that privilege is met like a man, opportunities to succeed along the line of your aptitude will come faster than you can use them . Young men and women, why do you stand here all the day idle? Was the land all occupied before you were born Has the earth ceased to yield its increase? Are the seats all taken? The positions all filled? The chances all gone? Are the resources of your country fully, developed ? Are the secrets of nature all mastered? Is there no way in which you can utilize these passing moments to improve yourself or benefit another? Don't wait for your opportunity. Make t, make it as Napoleon made his in a hundred "impossible" situations. Make it, as all leaders of men, in war and in peace, have made their chances of success. Make it, as every man must, who would accomplish anything worth the effort. Golden opportu nities are nothing to laziness, but industry makes the commonest chances golden. 人与机会 意志脆弱优柔寡断的人，总是以缺乏机会作为借口。机会在每个人的生活当中，无处不在！ 学校里的每一节课都是一次机会。每一场考试都是人生的契机。每一次的商务往来都是一次 机会，---------- 一次礼貌待人的机会，一次果敢行事的机会，一次诚实守信的机会，一次广交朋 友的机会。每一份对你的信任，对你都是一次莫大的机会。基于你的才干和声望而寄予你的每一 份责任，都是无价的。生存是奋斗赋予的特权，而当你如男子汉一般邂逅那份殊荣时，一个个发 挥你聪明才智、助你获取成功的机会便会接踵而至，令你应接不暇。 年轻人啊，为何你们整日裹足不前而虚掷光阴？难道在你们出生之前，每一寸土地都已被他 人所占据？难道地球已不再繁衍生息？难道所有席位都已另有归属？所有的职位都已人满为 患？所有的机会都一去不返？难道你国内的资源都已开发殆尽？难道大自然的奥秘都已了如指 掌？难道你无法抓住这些转瞬即逝的时机来改善自我或者造福他人？切莫株守机会。去创造它， 正如拿破仑在无数次“绝”境中创造自己逢生的机会一样。去创造它，正如战争或者和平年代的 领袖们创造他们取得胜利的机会那样。去创造它，人人必须如此，任何人都能获得应有的回报。 对于懒惰来讲，天赐良机也会化为乌有；对于勤奋而言，即使是微不足道的机会，也会变得金光 闪闪！
The Pleasure of Reading All the wisdom of the ages, all the stories that have delighted mankind for centuries, are easily and cheaply available to all of us within the covers of books but we must know how to avail ourselves of this treasure and how to get the most from it. The most unfortunate people in the world are those who have never discovered how satisfying it is to read good books. I am most interested in people, in them and finding out about them. Some of the most remarkable people I' ve met existed only in a writer' s imagination, then on the pages of his book, and then, again, in my imagination. I' ve found in books new friends, new societies, new words. If I am interested in people, others are interested not so much in who as in how. Who in the books includes everybody from science fiction superman two hundred centuries in the future all the way back to the first figures in history, How covers everything from the ingenious explanations of Sherlock Holmes to the discoveries of science and ways of teaching manner to children. Reading is pleasure of the mind, which means that it is a little like a sport: your eagerness and knowledge and quickness make you a good reader. Reading is fun, not because the writer is telling you something, but because it makes your mind work. Your own imagination works along with the author' s or even goes beyond his. Your experience, compared with his, brings you to the same or different conclusions, and your ideas develop as you understand his. Every book stands by itself, like a one-family house, but books in a library are like houses in a city. Although they are separate, together they all add up to something, they are connected with each other and with other cities. The same ideas, or related ones, turn up in different places; the human problems that repeat themselves in life repeat themselves in literature, but with different solutions according to different writings at different times. Books influence each other; they link the past, the present and the future and have their own generations, like families. Wherever you start reading you connect yourself with one of the families of ideas, and in the long run, you not only find out about the world and the people in it; you find out about yourself, too. Reading can only be fun if you expect it to be. If you concentrate on books somebody tells you you "ought" to read, you probably won' t have fun. But if you put down a book you don't like and try another till you find one that means something to you, and then relax with it, you will almost certainly have a good time---and if you become, as a result of reading, better, wiser, kinder, or more gentle, you won't have suffered during the process.
读书之乐 人类世世代代全部的聪明才智，几百年来愉悦人们的所有故事，都可以轻易而实惠地从书中 获得。可是，我们必须要懂得如何利用这一宝藏，进而获得最大收益。世界上最不幸的人就是那 些从未体会到阅读佳作是多么令人心满意足的人。 我对人很感兴趣，对他们个人以及发掘他们同样兴趣十足。我所碰到的一些卓越的人物只能 到作家的想像之中去寻找，然后又体现在作家的作品中，最后又出现在我的想像之中。我在书中 结识了新朋友，拓展了社会知识，也学到了新的语言。 如果说我是对人感兴趣，那么其他人的兴趣则是关注“怎样”而不是”谁”的问题。书中的” 谁”所包括的人物可谓丰富多彩，不仅有科幻小说中描写的两万年之后的超人，还可以追溯到 人类历史的开端。而书中的”怎样”所记录的事情也是千奇百怪，从对福尔摩斯侦探故事的巧妙 叙述到科学发现以及管教孩子的方法。 读书是一种思维享受，也就是说有点像体育运动。善于读书的人需要强烈的求知欲、丰富的 知识和敏捷的反应。读书之所以是一种乐趣，并不在于作者告诉你什么，而是由于读书使你积极 思考。在作者的引导之下，你的想像任意驰骋，甚至超越作者的想像。对比作者的经历，你会得 出自己的结论，也许相同，也许相悖，而随着你对作者思想的逐步理解，你也会变得越来越深刻。 每一部书都独立存在，犹如独门独户的房子。而图书馆中的书籍则像城市中的建筑。尽管它 们各咸一体，但是却共同构成一个整体。不仅它们之间相互关联，而且也与其他城市相互联系。 相同或者相关的看法在不同的地方出现。文学作品中反映的就是人们生活中经常出现的事情，但 是在不同时期作者的处理方式却大相径庭。书籍之间也相互影响，它们传承过去，体现现在，预 测未来，相互联系，代代相传，形成各个家族。不管你从何处读起，都会有一种观点与你的相符。 从长远来看，你不仅从书中了解世界，体验别人的生活，你也会认识你自己。 只有你诚心读书，阅读才会成为一种乐趣。假如你读的是别人认为“该”读的书，你很有可 能觉得索然无味。假如你放下自己不喜欢的书，另试一本，直到发现自己觉得有意义的书，然后 心情轻松地读下去，你肯定会感到心情畅快。假如你因阅读而变得更为高尚、聪明、善良、文雅， 那读书的过程就不再是一种负担了。
Success Is a Choice All of us ought to be able to brace ourselves for the predictable challenges and setbacks that crop up everyday. If we expect that life won't be perfect, we' II be able to avoid that impulse to quit. But even if you are strong enough to persist the obstacle course of life and work, sometimes you will encounter an adverse event that will completely knock you on your back. Whether it's a financial loss, the loss of respect of your peers or loved ones, or some other traumatic event in your life these major setbacks leave you doubting yourself and wondering if things can over change for the better again. Adversity happens to all of us, and it happens all the ime. Some form of major adversity is either going to be there or it' s lying in wait just around the corner. To ignore adversity is to succumb to the ultimate self-delusion. But you must recognize that history is full of examples of men and women who achieved greatness despite facing hurdles so steep that easily could have crashed their spirit and left them lying in the dust. Moses was a stutterer, yet he was called on to be the voice of God. Abraham Lincoln overcomes a difficult childhood, depression, the death of two sons, and constant ridicule during the Civil War to become arguably our greatest president ever. Helen Keller made an impact on the world despite being deaf, dumb, and blind from an early age. Franklin Roosevelt had polio. There are endless examples. These were people who net only looked adversity in the face but learned valuable lessons about overcoming difficult circumstances and were able to move ahead. 成功是一种选择 我们每个人都应该让自己做好准备，迎接每天可以预见的挑战和突如其来的挫折。假如我们 相信生活并非十全十美，我们就能够避免因一时冲动而放弃追求。但是即使你足够坚强并能够在 生活和工作的障碍重重的道路上挺进，有时候你也会遭遇逆境，它将会在背后给你狠狠一击。 不管是出现经济损失，或是失去同辈及亲人的尊敬，或是遭受其他的生活重创，这些巨大的 挫折都会使你对自己产生怀疑，并且想知道情况是否能够好转。 我们每个人都可能遭遇困境，而且它时常发生，有些灾祸不是即刻发生就是藏于角落以待时 机。而忽视逆境则无异于彻头彻尾的自我欺骗。 但是你必须认识到历史上有许许多多的事例都讲述了克服重重困难之后才成为卓越不凡之 人。 而他们曾面对的困难如此之大， 以至于足以轻易粉碎他们的意志， 并让他们流落于尘俗之中。 摩西曾有口吃，但他后来却成为传播上帝福音的使者。亚伯拉罕·林肯战胜了童年的艰难困苦、 绝望沮丧、丧失两子之痛以及内战中纷至沓来的嘲弄，最终成为美国历史上无可争辩的最伟大的 总统。海伦·凯勒从小就双目失明，双耳失聪，又是个哑巴，但她还是对世界产生了深刻影响。 而富兰克林·罗斯福则患有小儿麻痹症。 类似的例子不胜枚举。这些人不仅大胆地直面逆境，而且从中学到了征服困境的宝贵经验， 然后能够勇往直前。
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