A land of diversity——多元化的社会
重点单词 1．means n. [C]方法；手段(单复数同形) (1)means 作为一个单复数同形的名词，常与主谓一致结合起来进行考查。要注意，means 作主语时，前有 every, each, one 等修饰语时，谓语动词用单数；前有 several, some
, many, few, all 等修饰语时，谓语动词用复数。 means n．手段；方法； mean v．意思是；打算 by all means 当然可以，一定，务必 by means of 依靠 by no means 绝不，一点也不 by this means ＝in this way 用这种方法 means of travel /transportation 交通方式
【易错提示】 (1)当 means 作主语且有 every, each, one 等词修饰时， 谓语动 词用单数；有 some, several, many, few 等词修饰时，谓语动词用 复数。 (2)by no means 放到句首时，句子用部分倒装语序。 By no means shall I do it.我绝不会干那事。 Every possible means has been tried, but none worked. ＝All means have been tried, but none worked. 各种办法都尝试了，但没有一种奏效。
way method means approach
多与 in 连用，构成 in...way 多与 with 连用，构成 with...method 多与 by 连用，构成 by...means 多与 to 连用，构成 approach to...
用 means, method, way 和 approach 的适当形式填空。 (1)He thought of an efficient________to the study of English idioms. (2)He solved the problem by this________. (3)She tried to find a________to solve the puzzle. (4)We have no better ideas, so let's try your________. (5) By no means________such a good opportunity! A．shall I miss B．I shall miss C．miss I 2．majority n. 大多数；大半
点拨：(1)单独用作主语，谓语动词用单数、复数均可。 The majority was/were against the plan. 大多数人反对这个计划。 (2)单独用作主语，如果后面的表语是复数，那么谓语动词也用复数。 The majority who attended the meeting yesterday are students. 昨天参加会议的大多数是学生。
?复数名词＋复数谓语动词 ? (3)The majority of? ? ?不可数名词＋单数谓语动词 The majority of the damage is easy to repair. 这次的损失大部分容易补救。 完成句子 (1).__________________(大多数学生觉得) quite hard to live on the amount of money they get. (2). Eventually he gave in to the wish of the________. A．most B．majority C．average D．common (3). Less than twenty percent of the employees in their company are women. That is to say, women are in the________. A．majority B．activity C．probability D．minority 3．occur vi. 发现；出现(occurred, occurred)
? ? sth. comes to sb. 某人突然想起…… It occurs to sb. thatclause? It strikes sb. thatclause ? ? It hits sb. thatclause
sth. occurs to sb. sth. strikes sb. 以上结构中主语不能是人，而是想到什么事情或 it 作形式主语。 ①The idea occurred to him in a dream. 这个主意是他在梦中想到的。 ②It didn't occur to her to ask for help. 她没想到请别人帮忙。 ③It occurred to her that she might adopt a homeless child. 她突然想她可能会收养一个无家可归的孩子。 ④Her name just did not occur to my memory. 我就是想不起她的名字。 [运用提升] (1). It suddenly________to me that we could use the computer to do the job. A．struck B．occurred C．happened D．saw (2). —Why are you so late? —I was in half the way when it________to me that I had left my notebook home，so I had to fetch it. A．occurred B．hit C．happened D．reminded (3). It had never________to him that he might be falling in love with her. A．taken place B．occurred C．come about D．broken out 重点短语： 1．take in 包括；吸收；理解；欺骗 take in 包括；吸收 take after 长相或举止像(某个长辈) take apart 拆开；拆散 take as 看作，认为 take away 拿走；使停止，使离开；使消失；减去 take back 承认说错了(话)，收回(诺言，话语) take down 拿下，取下；记下来 take in 接待(某人)留宿；欺瞒，欺骗；充分理解，掌握 take to 喜欢上 take off 起飞；请假；开始有成就；开始受欢迎；开始成名 take over 接管 take on 开始雇用；开始具有或呈现??面貌；承担(责任等) take up 开始花时间从事(某项活动)；对??产生兴趣；开始学习(某课程)，选修；占用了(时间或空间) take a chance 碰碰运气，冒??风险 take...by surprise 奇袭；出其不意做某事，使惊奇 （1）These teenagers don't know much of the world yet; that's why they were so easily________. A．taken in B．taken up C．taken on D．taken off （2）These teenagers don't know much of the world yet; that's why they were so easily________. A．taken in B．taken up C．taken on D．taken off 2．keep up 坚持；维持；沿袭(风俗、传统等) keep up with 不落后；跟得上 keep away (使)远离 keep back 隐瞒(某事)；扣，留下 keep down 控制，抑制(某事物) keep on(doing) 继续(干) keep out(of) 阻止进入；不卷入，避开
（1）—How long do you think the terrible snow will________？ —Sorry, I didn't listen to the weather forecast. A．keep out B．keep on C．keep up D．keep away （2）You must________a good state of mind. A．keep up B．take up C．make up D．set up 3．apply for 申请；请示得到
? ?apply to 适用于 ?1? ? ?apply...to...把……应用到…… ?
(2)apply oneself to(doing)sth.专注于；专心做某事 ①You can’t apply for the job until you have satisfied certain conditions. 在符合一定的条件之后你才能申请这一份工作。 ②We had to apply to the government for financial help. 我们只好向政府申请财务援助。 ③What you said doesn’t apply to me. 你所说的并不适合我。 ④He applied himself to learning English. 他专心学英语。 （1）To travel to the United States，you must first apply________the American Embassy ________ your visa. A．for；to B．to；for C．for；for D．to；to （2） ．He would like to________the position as a salesman advertised in the newspaper yesterday. A．wait for B．stand for C．search for D．apply for 4. a great many 很多，许多(修饰可数名词) ①t seems that a great /good many of them are out of work now. 似乎他们中的许多人现在失业了。 ②A great many of us don’t like speaking English in class. 我们当中许多人不喜欢在课堂上讲英语。 a good/great many 后接复数名词，但 a good/great many 后接 of 时，必须加限定词，如 these/those/the/one’s 等， 然后再加名词复数。 （1）.________the houses were knocked down in the earthquake. A．A great many B．The number of C．A great many of D．A great deal of 5. make a life 习惯于新的生活方式、工作等 归纳拓展 come to life 变得更有趣；变得活跃 live/lead a．..life 过着??生活 come back to life 苏醒过来，恢复生机 bring...back to life 使??苏醒过来 make/start a new life 开始新生活 The match finally came_to_life in the second half.比赛在下半场终于精彩起来。 完成句子 The young men in the rural areas have to leave for big cities to________________(谋生)． 6．mark out 划线标出??的界限 There's a fascinating drive marked out for tourists. 有一种专为旅游者选定的迷人的驾车旅游活动。 A volleyball court had been marked out on the grass. 排球场已经在草坪上画出来了。 mark down 记下；减价；给低分 mark up 涨价；提高分数 mark off 用界限隔开 mark...with 用……在某物上做标记 be marked with 标有……的标志 练习： （1）We must________the tennis court ready for the match these days. A．flow out B．come out C．mark out D．point out （2）A volleyball court had been________________(标出??界线)on the grass. 重点句型： 1．That is why today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language. 这就是今天有超过 40%的加利福尼亚人把西班牙语作为第一或第二语言的原因。 句中的 why 引导的为表语从句，注意以下句式区别：
(1)That's why... 那就是为什么??(why 从句表示结果) (2)That's because... 那是因为??(because 从句表示原因) (3)The reason why...is/was that...??的原因是??(表语从句常用 that 引导,而不用 because) ①Tom came late for the meeting.That was because he was ill. 汤姆开会迟到了，那是他病了。 ②Tom was ill.That was why he came late for the meeting. 汤姆病了，那就是他开会迟到的原因。 ③The reason why Tom came late for the meeting was that he was ill. 汤姆开会迟到的原因是他病了。 [运用提升] （1）The reason why I didn't go to France was________a new job. A．because I got B．because of getting C．I got D．that I got （2）—Have you heard the news that he was admitted into Beijing University? —Yes，that’s________he worked so hard all the time，so his efforts paid off. A．why B．because C．how D．what （3）Is this the reason________she explained in the report for her success in the job? A．what B．that C．how D．why 2．However，it_is_likely_that Native Americans were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago. 然而，土著美国人有可能在一万五千年前就在加州生活着。 【点津】 本句中 it 为形式主语，真正的主语为 that 从句。 It is likely that...??是可能的，此句型可转化为：sb./sth.be likely to do sth.某人/物可能做某事。 ①She’s very likely to ring me tonight. ＝It’s very likely that she will ring me tonight. 她今晚很可能给我打电话。 ②It is likely that the weather will be fine. ＝The weather is_likely_to_be_fine. 天气可能会很晴朗。 possible，probable，likely 在搭配上的区别： ①It is possible/probable/likely that 从句 ②It is possible for sb.to do sth. ③Sb./Sth.is likely to do sth. 练习： （1）Look, dark clouds are gathering. It's ________to rain soon. A．probable B．possible C．likely D．perhaps （2）Studies show that people are more________to suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours. A．likely B．possible C．probable D．sure I.单词拼写 1．It was________(显然的)that the successful launch of ShenzhouⅧ drew the world's attention. 2．The________(大多数)of people interviewed preferred TV to radio. 3．The________(改革) of teaching methods helps to the improvement of teaching quality. 4．As many as 200,000 head of________(牛)are raised in this area, which are likely to lead to the damage of the environment. 5．Many________(申请人)applied for the wellpaid job, but none of them were accepted by the company. 6．A high fever________(表明)that a person's body is fighting disease. 7．The old man________(滑倒) on the icy road and broke his leg. 8．He is happy that he was________(选举) monitor at the class meeting yesterday. 9．She had looked everywhere for her children but they were________(到处都无) to be found, which made her very worried. 10．What does it cost to________(租) a car for a week? II.词义辨析 1．Testing is still the usual________by which students' progress is measured. A．way B．method C．manner D．means 2．As we can see, in the nursing profession, women are in the ________.
A．majority B．nationality C．identity D．possession 3．What________of babies die of this disease in African countries every year? A．percentage B．amount C．number D．quantity 4．As the wages were low, there were few________for the job. A．enterprises B．applicants C．purchases D．profits 5．I saw in the paper that another earthquake had________in Sichuan, causing many deaths. A．slipped B．reacted C．occurred D．occupied 6．The bell________the end of the class rang, interrupting our heated discussion. A．inserting B．indicating C．governing D．reflecting 7．It was________from her face that she was really upset.Better leave her alone. A．racial B．abundant C．flexible D．apparent 8．Having been given such a good chance, how could she let it________away? A．drill B．click C．scan D．slip 9．He earned his living by________himself out to whoever needed his services. A．dragging B．adapting C．hiring D．banning 10．She________her key into the lock, turned it but the lock wouldn't open. A．inserted B．adopting C．stressing D．abusing
1.：(1)approach (2)means (3)way (4)method A [解析]by no means 置于句首，句子采用部分倒装。 2. 答案：(1). The majority of students find it (2).[答案]B (3). 答案：D in the minority “占少数” 。 3. (1)答案：B (2) 答案：A (3) [答案]B [解析]It occurred to sb. that 某人突然想起。 重点短语 1. （1）[答案]A （2）答案：A 2.（1）答案：C （2） [答案]A 3. （1）答案：B 解析： （2）解析：选 D。 4. 解析： 名词前有 the，these，those 及 my，your 等物主代词时，a great many 后要加 of。答案： C 5. make a life 6.（1）[答案]C [解析]mark out 标出……的界限。 （2）marked out 重点句型 1.（1）答案：D 2）答案：B 解析： （3）答案：B 解析： 2. （1）[答案]C [解析]It's likely to rain 很可能要下雨。 （2）答案： A I.单词拼写 1．apparent 2.majority 3.reform 4.cattle 5.applicants 6．indicates 7.slipped 8.elected 9.nowhere 10.hire II.词义辨析 1．[答案]D [解析]means 办法。way 方法；method 方法；manner 行为，礼貌。by the means 用……办法。 2．[答案]A [解析]in the majority 占大多数。 3．[答案]A [解析]percentage 比例，比率。amount 量；number 数字；quantity 数量。 4．[答案]B [解析]applicant 申请人。enterprise 事业；purchase 购买；profit 利润。 5．[答案]C [解析]occur 发生。slip 滑动；react 反应；occupy 占用。 6．[答案]B [解析]indicate 预示着。insert 插入；govern 统治；reflect 反映。 7．[答案]D [解析]apparent 明显的。racial 种族的；abundant 丰富的；flexible 灵活的。 8．[答案]D [解析]slip 滑动。drill 操练；click 敲击；scan 扫描。 9．[答案]C [解析]hire 雇用。drag 拖；adapt 使适应；ban 禁止。 10．[答案]A [解析]insert 插入。adopt 采纳，收养；stress 强调；abuse 滥用。
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