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常见不及物动词及搭配


常见的不及物动词 agree, fall, go, exist, work, rise, listen, arrive, look, sit, come, sail, die, hurry, belong, fail,

常见的及物动词兼不及物动词 beatvi.跳动 vt. 敲、打; grow vi.生长 vt. 种植 play vi.玩耍 vt. 打(牌、

球),演奏 smell vi.发出(气味) vt. 嗅 ring vi.(电话、铃)响 vt.打电话 speak vi.讲话 vt. 说(语言) hang vi. 悬挂 vt. 绞死 operate vi.动手术 vt. 操作 常用的不及物动词 appear ,Appear calm come ,Come easy (safe) go ,Go mad (crazy, bad, sour, wrong, crazy, hungry, blind) get ,Get angry (ill, wet, excited, married, paid) fall ,Fall asleep( fall ill, fall short, fall flat) feel ,Feel good (sleepy) keep ,Keep quiet (silent)

look ,Look fit (well, young, tired) make, Make certain (sure, ready, a good teacher) prove ,Prove an effective method (correct, accurate) remain ,Remain still (unchanged) rest,Rest satisfied (content) rise, Rise red seem ,Seem happy stand ,Stand still stay ,Stay young (stay fresh, the same) turn, Turn teacher =become a teacher (yellow) turn out ,Turn out true

常见不及物动词搭配 1.break down (stop functioning 坏了,不好使了) That old Jeep had a tendency to break down just when I needed it the most.

2.catch on (become popular 出名) Popular songs seem to catch on in California first and then spread eastward.

3. come back ( return to a place 返回) Father promised that we would never come back to this horrible place.

4. come in ( Enter 进入) They tried to come in through the back door, but it was locked.

5.come to ( regain consciousness 恢复意识) He was hit on the head very hard, but after several minutes, he started to come to again.

6.come over (to visit 访问) The children promised to come over, but they never do.

7.drop by (visit without appointment 顺便拜访) We used to just drop by, but they were never home, so we stopped doing that.

8.eat out (dine in a restaurant 外出吃饭) When we visited Paris, we loved eating out in the sidewalk cafes.

9. get by ( survive 凑合,过得去) Uncle Heine didn't have much money, but he always seemed to get by without borrowing money from relatives.

10.get up ( Arise 起床) Grandmother tried to get up, but the couch was too low, and she couldn't make it on her own.

11. go back ( return to a place 回到) It's hard to imagine that we will ever go back to Lithuania.

12.go on ( Continue 继续 ) He would finish one Dickens novel and then just go on to the next.

13. go on (2) ( Happen 发生 )

The cops heard all the noise and stopped to see what was going on.

14. grow up ( get older 变老 ) Charles grew up to be a lot like his father.

15.keep away ( remain at a distance 保持距离 ) The judge warned the stalker to keep away from his victim's home.

16. keep on (+动名称) ( continue with the same 继续保持) He tried to keep on singing long after his voice was ruined.

17. pass out ( lose consciousness, faint 昏过去,晕) He had drunk too much; he passed out on the sidewalk outside the bar.

18. show off ( demonstrate haughtily 炫耀) Whenever he sat down at the piano, we knew he was going to show off.

19. show up( Arrive 到达,出现) Day after day, Efrain showed up for class twenty minutes late.

20. wake up (arouse from sleep 醒来) I woke up when the rooster crowed.

接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词 afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 choose to do sth. 决定做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 demand to do sth. 要求做某事 determine to do sth. 决心做某事 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 help to do sth. 帮助做某事 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 learn to do sth. 学习做某事 manage to do sth. 设法做某事 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事 pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 promise to do sth. 答应做某事

refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词: aim to do sth. 打算做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事

跟介词搭配的不及物动词

count on 依靠 embark on 上路 gamble on 以……打赌

insist on 坚持…… rely on 依靠 theorize on 对……推理,对……建立理论 harp on 老提到…… calculate on 指望,依靠 concentrate on 集中到…… depend on 依靠 reckon on 盼望,指望…… account for 说明,解释…… answer for 回答…… apologize for 为……道歉 suffer for 为……受苦 pay for 为……付钱 look for 寻找 atone for 补偿,赔偿 make up for 补偿 stand for 代表 compensate for 补偿 abstain from 有意回避,弃权 desist from 停止 refrain from 抑制,忍住 shrink from 回避

suffer from 受苦,患病 benefit from 获益于 flinch from 退缩 escape from 从……逃开 approve of 同意 boast of 吹牛 consist of 由……组成 despair of 失望 dream of 梦想做某事 repent of 忏悔,懊悔 believe in 相信…… persevere in 坚持…… revel in 陶醉,着迷于…… succeed in 在某方面成功 delight in 为……高兴 join in 加入…… participate in 参加…… persist in 坚持…… specialize in 专门从事某事, 在某方面专长 aim at 瞄准于…… chafe at 恼怒,不满 frown at 向……皱眉头

scowl at 沉下脸……,对……皱眉 laugh at 嘲笑 smile at 向……微笑 work at 从事于……,用功于…… look at 看着…… attend to 参加…… certify to 证明…… allude to 暗示…… confess to 承认…… descend to 下降到…… object to 反对…… react to 对某事作出反应 refer to 提到…… resort to 求助,采用…… see to 检查…… submit to 提交…… testify to 表明,说明…… turn to 转向…… fall to 下跌,减弱


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