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2013高考英语考前30天语法精讲精练:虚拟语气


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2013 高考英语语法最后 30 天精讲精练 虚拟语气

1、If 条件句

时 间 与现在相反 与过去相反

从 句 过 去 式 had done ① 过去式



/>句

would / should /could / might do would / should / could have done

与将来相反

② were to do ③ should do

would /should /could / might do

If I were you, I would leave now. If you had asked me yesterday, I could have told you. If it should rain tomorrow, we couldn’t climb. NOTICE: 错综时间条件句(根据所表示的时间调整) If you had followed me, you wouldn’t miss the train now.

2、主语从句中的虚拟

①It is (was) important (necessary, strange ) that-clause It’s necessary that you (should) be present at the meeting. ②It is (was) ordered (suggested, required, requested) that-clause It was ordered that the room (should) be cleaned.

3、wish + that-clause

①现在的愿望:I wish that you weren’t so lazy. ②过去的愿望:I wish that you hadn’t hurt Jim so much. ③将来的愿望:I wish you wouldn’t talk like that.
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--- Have you ever studied French ? --- No, but I wish I had.

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4、表语从句和同位语从句中的虚拟

通常由几个要求接虚拟语气的名词引起:order, demand, suggestion He gave orders that the test (should) be finished before 5:30. His suggestion is that the house (should) be built there.

5、宾语从句中的虚拟

下列动词后的宾语从句用虚拟语气:demand, insist, order, require, etc. The judge ordered that the thief (should) not be punished. NOTICE: ①suggest “暗示,表明“

Her expression suggested that he was angry. ②insist “坚持认为是怎么回事”

The Arab insisted that he had never seen the camel. He insisted that John (should) do it.

6、状语从句中的虚拟

①as if (though) ●与现在相反,从句用过去时 He talks as if he knew everything. ●与过去相反,从句用过去完成时 He looks (looked) as if she had wept. ●客观事实,从句用陈述句语气 It looks as if you are tired. ②so that, even if (though) Nothing could have saved him even if he had been tended .
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7、由介词短语引起的虚拟语气

①without :

Without your help, I shouldn’t get a result. But for you, we couldn’t have carried out the plan.

②but for”若非“:

8、句型

①It’s time + that-clause (指现在或将来) It’s time that you went to school .( should go to school) ②would rather + that-clause(指现在或将来) I’d rather you went home now. Don’t come tomorrow, I’d rather you came next week. ③what if… “如果… 怎么办?“ What if they should come here ?

9、虚拟语气的倒装

Were I you, I would leave now. Had you asked me yesterday, I could have told you. Should it rain tomorrow, we couldn’t climb.

EXERCISES:

1.We

last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied C. might study

A. would study

D. should have studied

2.---When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. ---They be ready by 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need ---Sorry, . My brother is coming to
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3. ---Will you stay for lunch?
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see me. A. I can’t B. I mustn’t --C.I will

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C. I needn’t . D. I can get out. D. could D. I won’t

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4. ---Write to me when you get home. A..I must B. I should

5. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone A. had to 6. Tom ought not to A. have told 7. A computer A. can’t 8. Peter A. must B. would C. was able to

me your secret, but he meant no harm. B. tell C. be telling D. having told

think for itself, it must be told what to do. B. couldn’t C. may not D. might not

come with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure yet. B. may C. can D. will (DBACCAAB)

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