揭阳一中 2013-2014 学年度第一学期 高二级英语科段考一试题
本试卷共 10 页，满分 150 分.考试时间 120 分钟. 注意事项: 1.答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考号填写在答题卡上. 用 2B 铅笔将答题卡试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡上，并在答题卡右上角的“试室号”和“座位 号”栏填写试室号、座位号，将相应的试室号、座位号信息点涂
黑. 2.选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案答在试题卷上无效. 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答， 答案必须写在答卷上各题目指定区域内相 应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案 ;不准使用铅笔和涂改液. 不按拼上要求作答的答案无效。 4.考试结束后，将答卷和答题卡一并交回. I 听力(共两节，满分 15 分) 第一节听力理解（4 段共 10 小题;.每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题，各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间.请根据各 段描放内容及其相关小题，在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A,B,C 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 听下面一段对话，回答第 1 一 2 题。 1. Why does the man love Tuesdays so much? A. He can buy half-price movie tickets. B. He doesn't have to go to school. C. He is paid on that day. 2. When does the woman's mother usually call her? A. On Wednesdays B. On Tuesdays. C. On Mondays 听下面一段对话，回答第 3-5 题 3. Where is the man probably? A. In a car rental company, B. At a gas station. C. In a garage. 4. What is necessary for the woman to check? A. The former rental records B. The driver's personal information. C. The driver's license 5. What will the woman do next? A. Talk to the manager. B. Connect to the computer. C. Check the man's credit card 听下面一段对话，回答第 6-8 题 6. Which of the following courses is free?.. A. Gymnastics. B. Physical Fitness. C. Music and movement 7. What is the purpose of the courses?
A. To offer students learning guidance. B. To keep students healthy and happy. C. To help students get used to college life. 8. What is the speaker doing? A. Introducing a university. B. Welcoming the new students. C. Advertising the training programs. 听下面一段对话，回答第 9-10 题 9. What do we know about the man's company? A. The sales have risen rapidly. B. The business is improving gradually. C. The company is haling a hard time. 10. What will the woman probably do after graduation? A. Join the man's company. B. Start her own business. C. Work as a salesgirl. 第二节听取信息(共 5 小题:每小题 1 分.满分 5 分) 听下面一段独白.请根据题目要求.从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息，填入答题卡标号为 11-15 的空格中.听录音前，你将有 10 秒钟的阅题时间.录音读两遍。你将有 60 秒钟的作答 时间。 语言知识及应用(共两节，满分 40 分〕 第一节完形填空(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16-30 各题所给的 A、B. C 和 D 项中.选出最佳选 项，井在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 If you are feeling that life just cannot be any worse fur you, it can be challcnging to think positive thoughts. When we are stressed, depressed, 16 " or in a negative state of mind because we feel that "bad things" 17 happening to us, it is important to change those 18 thoughts into something Positive .If we don't, we will only attract more "bad things." It is often very hard to think positively when so many things are negative, but I am 19 that somewhere someone is worse off than you ,We can choose to think 20 _ by beginning with the If you start with ore small, positive thing and 21 it during the course of your day, you will begin to move into a more positive 22 : positive thoughts, feelings, opportunities. With practice, you will change your outlook and choose to be 23 . regardless of the events around you. . Here are a few examples for you to 24 . Begin and end each day with a "prank you for this Wonderful day!" When you see the gas prices hiking, say "I am glad that I have a 25 in which to get around." if you are having health problems, be grateful for what does work: "I really do 26 my eyes that see, my ears that hear, my mouth that tastes, my legs that walk, my 27 that write. Write down what you're grateful for each day. When you're feeling really down, read what you 28 beforehand. This will help uplift your spirits. If you practice this 29 _ you will find that your list will get longer and longer. The 30 to making it a moment of joyful peace is to move yourself into a positive thought and keep it there long enough. The morn you practice. the happier you'll be.
16. A. upset B. healthy C. serious D. terrible 17. A. stop B. try C. keep D. avoid 18. A. relative B. negative C. sensitive D . positive 19. A. disappointed B. sure C. sad D. interested 20. A. carelessly B. stubbornly C. actively D. differently 21. A. catch B. repeat C. speak D. sing 22.A.situation B . condition C. attention D. ambition 23. A. happy B. sad C. moved D.confused 25.A.take B. car C. plane D.bike 26.A.perform B. put C. appreciate D.know 27.A.knees B. hands C. bead D. arms 28.A. talked B. heard C. wrote D saw 29.A. quickly. B. specially C. slighdy D. regularly 30.A. design B. performance C. trouble D. key 第二节语法填空(共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分). 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 Born in Italy, Galileo Galileo , was a Tuscan astronomer, philosopher, and physicist He is closely associated with the 31 (science) revolution. Owing to his great achievements, he has been referred to as the "fatter of modem astronomy", as the "father of modem physics", and as "father of science". The work of Galileo 32 (consider) to be a significant break from that of Aristotle(亚里士多德). In addition, his conflict 33 the Roman Catholic Church is taken as 34 major early example of the conflict of authority and freedom of thought in Western society. He was a man 35 experimented-never did he take anything for granted. Instead, he despised(蔑视) the prejudices and book learning of the Aristo4elians and drew his 36 (conclude) fearlessly. He had been the first 37_ (turn) a telescope to the sky, and he had seen there evidence enough to overthrow( 推 翻 ) Aristotle and Ptolemy together. Although Galileo found 38 difficult for him to make people 39__(convince) of his theories, he still stuck to his views. His observations showed the theory that the earth moves around the sun was right. It was only many years later 40 the world recognized his greatness. 阅读(共两节.满分 40 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分.满分 30 分》 阅读下列短文.从每题所给的 A、B, C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. A There are thirty-four bridges on the Thames in London;die followings are among the most famous ones. Tower Bridge Tower Bridge has stood over the Thames in London since 1894 and is one of the finest, most recognizable bridges in the world. It is the bridge in I.cmdon you may see in movies and on advertising waiting for London. Tower Bridge is the only Thames bridge that can be raised. it used to be raised about 50 times a day, but nowadays it is only raised 4 to 5 a week.
London Bridge The construction of the first stone London Bridge started in 1176 and finished years later. Houses and shops were once built on the bridge, which made the road so narrow that it was often jammed with people, horses and carts. A "keep left" rule was made in 1733 to keep the traffic moving. This became the rule of the road in Britain. In I757,the old bridge was pulled down and a new one was built in 1831. Interestingly, that one was pulled down again in 1967 but rebuilt in Lake Havasu City, the USA, as a tourist attraction. The present London Bridge was opened in 1973. Millennium Bridge Millennium Bridge is a bridge for walkers. It was built to connect the Tate Modem Art Gallery to the city and St.Paul's Cathedral in 2000.Thousands of people rushed to see the new bridge. Almost immediately after opening, the bridge had to be shut because of the dangerous waving caused by too many visitors. It has now been reopened. The bridge is about 320 meters long, costs 16million pounds to build and only takes walkers. Westminster Bridge Westminster Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge over the Thames between Westminster and Lambeth. The present bridge, opened in 1862. is the second on the site and took the place of an earlier bridge opened in 1750. The British romantic poet, William Wordsworth, wrote a famous poem Composed upon Westminster Bridge in the autumn of 1802. Want to know more about the bridges on the Thames? Click here www.bridgesinbritain.com 41. If there were a huge ship on the Thames, it could run through_______. A. Westminster Bridge B. Millennium Bridge C. Tower Bridge D. London Bridge 42. According to the pa sage, we can infer that______. A. London Bridge is not a very wide bridge B. Tower Bridge is the oldest one among the four bridges C. Millennium Bridge is a dangerous bridge D. William Wordsworth likes Westminster Bridge most among the four bridges 43.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The 1831 London Bridge is now in the USA. B. Tower Bridge is much less frequently lifted today than before. C. Cars and buses are not allowed to cross Millennium Bridge. D. Westminster Bridge is for walkers only. 44.The passage is most probably taken from a________. A. school report B. Website article C. teenage magazine D. science fiction 45. What can we learn from the passage? A. William Wordsworth wrote many poems of the bridges on the Thames. B. Millennium Bridge wasn't strong enough so that it had to be pulled down and rebuilt. C. That all the traffic is kept left in Britain was from a rule of an old London Bridge.
D. Tower Bridge is the symbol of London because it is the first bridge on the Thames. B Back in the fifteenth century, in a tiny village near Nuremberg, lived a family with eighteen children. In spite of the hopeless condition, two of the children, Albrecht Durer and Albert, had a dream. They both wanted to pursue their talent for art. After many long discussions, the two boys finally worked out an agreement. They would toss a coin.' The loser would go down into the nearby mines and, with his earnings, support his brother who attended the academy. Then, when that brother who won the toss completed his studies, in four years, he would support the other brother at the academy. Tossing a coin, Albrecht Durer won and went off to Nuremberg. Albert went down into the dangerous mines and, for the next four years, supported his brother, whose work at the academy was almost an immediate sensation (轰动). By the time he graduated, he had earned considerable fns for his outstanding works. , When the young artist returned to his village, the Durer family held a festive dinner to celebrate Albrecht's triumphant (胜利的) homecoming. Albrecht drank a toast to his beloved brother for the years of sacrifice that had enabled him to complete his dream. "And now, Albert, blessed brother of mine, now it is your turn. Now you can go to Nuremberg to look for your dream, and I will take care of Teen streaming down his pale face. Albert sobbed, "No... no... It is too 'late for me. Look... look at what four years in the mines have done to my hands! The bones in every finger have been broken at least once, and lately I have been suffering from arthritis (AV*) so badly in my right hand that I cannot even bold a glass to return your toast, much less draw delicate lines with a pen or a brush. " To show thanks to Albert for all that he had sacrificed, Albrecht Durer painstakingly drew his brother's injured hands with palms together and thin fingers stretched skyward . He called his powerful drawing simply "Hands", but the entire world almost immediately opened their hearts to his great masterpiece and renamed it "The Praying Hands". The next time you see a copy of that touching creation, let it be your reminder-no one ever makes any success alone! 46. Why did the two brothers work out the agreement? A. They were so curious as to make a joke. B. 'heir family couldn't afford the academy. C. One of the brothers was supposed to go into mines. D. They wanted to support the other sisters and brothers. 47. The underlined word "whose" in Para. 2 refers to A. the Durer family's B. the miners C. Albert's D. Albrecht's 48. Which of the following statements is NOT true about Albrecht Durer? A. He began to earn his living after graduation. B. He did perfectly well at the academy. C. He wanted his brother to go to the academy. D. He created great masterpieces. 49. Which of the following is the correct order of the story? a. Albrecht went to Nuremberg. ' b. Albert supported his brother.
c. The Durer family held a festive dinner. d. Albrecht drew his brother's injured hands. e. The brothers tossed a coin. A. b,a.c,d,e B. a,e,c,d,b C. e,a,c,b,d D. e,a,b,c,d 50. What can we learn from the story? A. One can achieve success simply on his own. B. Any success requires the help of others. C. It's other people who contribute to one's success. D. Nobody could succeed without good guidance. C I remember the first time that I was extremely happy. I was about 8 years old when for the first time, there was a computer in the classroom. I remember that my teacher allowed each student to take turns playing various educational games on the computer. One day. I found the source code (密码) for one of these games. Without knowing or being taught any programming language, I was able to figure out some Portions of the BASIC code. Anyone who knows a bit of programming can tell you that 1 just give myself an infinite (无穷大) number of lives in the game, so I can continue playing forever. This was also my first introduction to algebra (代数), and I didn't even know it at the time. This was a decisive (决定性的) moment in my life. For the first, time that I can remember, I was quite happy because of what I was learning and what I was able to do. As a result, I became enthusiastic for the rest of my life about self-learning and computers, and I was quite happy doing them, too. I've noticed that people who are truly content with life are enthusiastic in what they do. This enthusiasm, along with good health, is the key to being happy. It also leads to self-confidence and fulfillment in life, too. it may also lead to success, wealth, and achievements. Yes, success, wealth, or achievements seem to bring some people happiness. too. Yet, I don't think they can indeed make people happy. ) know plenty of people who are successful and wealthy. However. I also know several of the people with successful businesses are not happy with what they are doing. I know people who continuously buy themselves new toys, cars, computers, and televisions, yet they never seem content for too long. Please remember that happiness comes from enthusiasm, and happiness is the journey of life, not the destination. 51. What did the writer's teacher ask the students to do on the computer? A. To play various educational games. B. To figure out the BASIC code. C. To get the knowledge of algebra. D. To read some last news. 52. The underlined word in Paragraph I probably can be replaced by______. A. danger B. parts C. health D. value 53. According to the author, what can lead a person to be happy? A. Success and wealth. B. Education and self-confidence.
C. Knowledge and achievements. D. Enthusiasm and good health. 54. The author uses his own experience of being happy in order to tell us______. A. it's very easy to learn the BASIC code B. he had always been happy since his childhood C. concentrating on what you love makes you happy D. one can solve any problem in life by himself 55. What's the main idea of the last but one paragraph? A. Wealth cannot bring any people any happiness. B. Rich people easily feel unhappy nowadays. C. One will become unhappy once be gets what he waits. D. Success, wealth, or achievements can't indeed make people happy. D Long-time exposure to air pollution can lead to physical changes in the brain and cause trouble in learning and memory, and even anxiety. This is suggested by the results of new research on mice. While other studies have shown the harmful effects of polluted air in the lungs and heart, this is the first to show the negative effect on the brain. The team of Laura Fonken, Randy Nelson, from the Ohio State University, USA, has spread to the brain a previous line of research which found that fine particulate(微 粒) matter floating in the air mainly because of air pollution caused by humans, causes swelling in much of the body, and may be related to high blood pressure problems, and some other diseases. In the research Fonken and his colleagues exposed mice to polluted air for six hours each day, five days a week, over a period of 10 months, almost half the average life length of mice. Polluted air contains fine particles created by cars, factories and natural dust. Fine particles of this kind are tiny, about 2.5 micrometers in diameter, or about one-thirtieth the width of a human hair. These particles can go deep into lungs and other organs. The concentration of this particulate material to which they exposed mice is equal to the concentration at which people can be exposed in some polluted urban areas. The results suggest that long-time exposure to polluted air can have measurable negative effects on the human brain and can cause a variety of mental health problems. This could have important consequences for those living and working in polluted urban areas. 56. The results of new research on mice first suggest that polluted air does harm to______. A. normal organs B. lungs and heart C. mental health D. blood pressure 57. What harmful effect of polluted air is mentioned in other studies? A. The harmful effect on learning. B. The harmful effect on all the organs. C. The harmful effect on lungs and heart.
D. The harmful effect on improving memory. 58. The bad effects of tiny particles in polluted-air are those Except A. high blood pressure problem! B. making human hair thinner C. different kinds of diseases D. swelling in much of the body 59. From the last sentence we can infer that people living in polluted urban areas. A. arc likely to suffer from menial problems B. can measure the negative effect on them C. show little concern for air pollution D. can be exposed to polluted air longer 60. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Long-time Exposure to Air Pollution B. Evidence and Concern of Air Pollution C.Measurable Effect on Human Brain D.Mental Problems Caused by Air Pollution 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答班卡上将对应题号选项字母涂黑。 首先，请阅读下列应用文: A.The Bay Club of Sandestin : The Bay Club is located on the beautiful grounds of the resort at Sandestin. It is noted for having spectacular shopping, exciting sunsets, historical sites, an almost continuous calendar of events, and for being the luckiest fishing coast. B. Bract Point Courtyard: At Brant Point Courtyard, visitors will discover fine horseback riding and hiking trails, museums and historic sites all near this picturesque resort Visit Brant Point Courtyard. and experience Nantucket at its best C Sedona Springs Resort: Live the romance of the desert Southwest at Second Springs Resort. Step inside to relax is your villa's private swimming puoi, or step out on the town to tour canyons and cliffs by jeep. horseback or helicopter. D. Clock Tower: Imagine hitting any of Whistler's more than 100 marked hiking trails or taking a round-trip train excursion(远足 ) between Whistler and Lillooet. End your day with a visit to the village's stylish shops and restaurants. Then return to your own charming, coy inn at Vacation Internationale's Clock Tower. E. Errington's Wilderness Island Resort: Our resort is situated on 2 secluded islands on Lake Wavatongushi. the second largest lake in the Chapleau Game Preserve(禁猎 区) which covers over 7.000 square kilometers. The only hurting allowed, since 1925, is with a camera. F. Wild Danes Resort: At Wild Dunes Resort, having fun is taken seriously with superb golf, tennis and so on. It is famous for meetings and business events. At Wild Dunes Resort, Charleston, South Carolina's island resort, luxury and finer things never stop. . 请阅读以下游客的相关信息.然后匹配游客与适合他/她去的旅游胜地。 61. Laurence Shepard: Laurence is an excellent bank manager. There will be a forum on the cooperation between banks. tie wants to recommend one resort which is suitable
for having a meeting and relaxation. 62. Mr. and Mrs. Anderson: The couple have decided to take a vacation to celebrate their first wedding anniversary. Fishing is lack's favorite sport while Alice is crazy about shopping. They're troubled by where to go on vacation. 63. Marlene Joiner. Marlene is a college student aged 20. She likes hiking along the trails with her friends. In addition, she's interested in fashionable gift shops. 64. Bob Armstrong: Bob is a professional photographer' working for a magazine. Recently in the magazine there have been some discussions on whether animal hunting should be banned, Bob has been asked to take some photos about wild animals. 65. Monies Trudel: Monica is a professional woman aged 30. She wants to take a vacation to relieve stress. She likes swimming and enjoys sightseeing. .基础知识运用(满分 25 分) 第一节词汇和语法(共 13 小题，每题 1 分，满分 13 分) 根据首字母和英文提示写单词: 66. He does well in his job, but seems to I _______(be short of) confidence when faced with difficulties. 67. Most people, especially the old, can not t_______ (bear; put up with) the extremes of heat in the desert. 68. The army was well-trained and well-armed, so it had little difficulty d_______(beat) the enemy. 69. Before we separated ,we a_______(make a plan in advance) a suitable place for our next month's meeting. 70. All the employees are required to a _______(be present) temp meetings twice a week. 71. What d________(make... happy) me most was that my daughter was singing so well at the party. 根据所给词的正确形式填空: 72. We must accept the________(possible) that we might be wrong before we can't prove ourselves right. 73. Please accept our apologies for any________( convenient) we have caused. 74. Just as I tried to make the necessary________ ( adjust) to this new situation. Wang Ping appeared. 75. They were very sorry to find children in Africa________ (expose) to polluted food and water. 76. The books________( refer) to in his report were popular with teenagers. 77. There is a________ ( collect) of coins in the box on the shelf. I got them from my grandfather as a birthday present. 78. ________(absorb) in his work, Newton boiled his watch when he wanted to boil an egg to eat 第二节根据中文提示完成句子(共 6 题，每题 2 分.满分 12 分) 79.________________(如果你方便的话), we'll have a dinner together. 80. These things_________________(使她想起了大学的日子). 81.只有这样做你才能摆脱那些坏习惯。 Only ________________from these bad habits.
82. Be brave to________________(接受这个挑战) 83. You should________________(在学习上严格要求自动· ________________(有意义，有道理，明智的)protect the environment. VI.基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 你接受了一项写作任务，要为英语校报写一篇人物介绍。 【写作内容】 请根据以下信息.介绍中国著名作家莫言.
学士学位:bachelor's degree 【写作要求】只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容. 【译分标准】句子结构准确，信息内容完整,篇章连贯.
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