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高考英语定语从句常见考点归纳


高考英语定语从句常见考点归纳

定语从句是中学英语教学的重点,也是学生学习的难点,同时又是高考考查的热点。纵观近年各 地高考试题,就能发现考点大多集中在带有"插入语"的定语从句;which 、as 引导的非限定性定语 从句; where 、 when 引导的定语从句以及定语从句和强调句、同位语从句的区别等方面。 对定语从句的考查不单纯考查其

语法结构,而是把它融入到一定的语境中,考查考生 的实际综合运用能力。 高考试题中,主要从以下角度考查定语从句: 定语从句的考点之一 that 用法 正确区分关系代词 that 引出的定语从句功能强,除不能作定语(用 whose)外,其它几个功能都可 用 that。但命题角度主要以 that 与 which 指物时的区别为重点进行命制。例如: (1)——Do you have anything in mind _________ you’d like for supper? ——Well, _________ is OK with me. A. that ; anything C. what ; whatever 选 A。 (2)The wrong you've done him is terrible, for ______ you should make an apology to him, I think. A. this B. which C. what D. that 选 B。 B. which ; everything D. where ; something

定语从句的考点之二 判断成分,是关系代词还是关系副词 正确区分关系代词(that 或 which)与关系副词 when(表时间)、where(表地点)、why(表原因)。 重点根据定语从句中所缺成分 (即关系词在定语从句中作状语时,使用关系副词 when (on which); where(in which); why(for which); 在定语从句中作作主语、宾语或表语时,使用 that 或 which。)来确定是用关系代词还是关系副词, 绝不能因先行词是时间名词就用 when,是地点名词就用 where,是 reason 就用 why 来确定。 因此,认准先行词只是选择关系词的一个方面,更重要的是看其在后面定语从句中充当什么句子成分 例如: (3)He should stand near the stage ________ he could watch and follow the play. A. where 选 A。 (4)Do you think the reason _______ he gave is believable. A. for which 选 B。 (5)We are living in an age _______ many things are done on computer. A. which 选 D。 B. that C. whose D. when B. which C. why D. what B. when C. that D. there

定语从句的考点之三 分词短语作定语 当先行词在定语从句中作主语时,应注意主谓语的一致性及被动语态问题。尤其要注意在考题中 不用定语从句,而是用分词短语作定语。例如: (6)The first textbooks ______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written C. being written 选 D。 定语从句的考点之四 不重复先行词 定语从句中不能再重复与先行词有关的代词或副词。 必须牢记定语从句中关系词已经替代先行词 并且在定语从句中已经充当其成分,故不能再用相关的代词或副词。例如: (8)He made another wonderful discovery, _______ of great importance to science. A. which I think it is C. which I think it 选 B。 (9)This is the hospital _____ they visited last year and is the one _____ I worked in five years ago. A.That;where C.Where;where 选 D。 (10)There are dirty marks on her trousers ________ she had wiped her hands. A. that 选 C。 定语从句的考点之五 对介词后接关系代词而不接关系副词的考查; 当关系代词作介词宾语,且该介词不是和从句的谓语动词构成固定短语时,介词可以提前,这样就出 现"介词+关系代词"。 先行词指物,用"介词+which", 指人则用"介词+whom", 且两个关系代词均不能省略,介词的选择要遵 循两个原则: 1.根据定语从句中谓语动词与先行词的搭配内容而定。 2.根据先行词特殊用法而定。 例如: (11)This flower doesn't do well in soil other than the one_____ it has been specially developed . A.For which 选 A。 (12)Anyway, that evening, ____I will tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel's place. A. when 选 D。 B. where C. what D. which B.That C.Of which D.Where B. which C. where D. when B.Where;that D.That;that B. which I think is D. I think which is B. to be written D. written

定语从句的考点之六 关系代词 as 的考查。 关系代词 as 引导限制性定语从句时既可指人又可指物。它只能替代由 such,the same 等修饰的先行 词; as 引导非限制性定语从句时,可放于句首,句中或置于句尾,而 which 则只能置于主句之后。 但如果定语从句为否定句或表示否定意义,使用 which。 As 引导的定性定语从句有"正如"之意,而 which 引导的没有。 例如: 选 C。 (14)Carl said the work would be done by October , _______ personally I doubt very much. A. it 选 D。 (15) ________ is reported in the newspaper , talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It 选 B。 定语从句的考点之七 解题时要注意题干的内容和句子的结构,(进行必要的语法分析,弄清句子结构。)再行答题。 例如: (16)The teacher wanted to teach us ___ he knew at this last lesson. A. all which C. of which 选 B。 (17)Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment , _______ I will always treasure. A. that 选 B。 (18) Mrs Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had _____went wrong again. A. it repair C. repaired 选 C。 (19)______is well-known that Antarctica is difficult to reach A. It 选 A (21)_______is well-known is that Antarctica is difficult to reach. A. It 选 B。 小结: 定语从句可从形式上,内容上和语法上来出题 形式上:比如 As is reported 之类的识记则可,在做题过程中,积累。 B. What C. As D. which B. What C. As D. Which B. it repaired D. to be repaired B. one C. it D. what B. all what D. everything which B. As C. That D. What B. that C. when D. which (13)Our teacher set us such a difficult maths problem _____ we could not work out. B. which C. as D. even A. that

内容上:则要理解大意,翻译成中文意思则会做。 语法上:主要在关系代词和关系副词的判断上。 关系代词(that 或 which) 关系副词 when(表时间)、where(表地点)、why(表原因) 区别:作主语、宾语或表语时,用关系代词 作状语则用关系副词 作业: 一、关系副词有哪些?

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高考英语定语从句常见考点归纳

2012-02-06 主讲:waiyu091 高考英语定语从句常见考点归纳 定语从句是中学英语教学的重点,也是学生学习的难点,同时又是高考考查的热点。纵观近年各 地高考试题,就能发现考点大多集中在 带有"插入语"的定语从句; which 、as 引导的非限定性定语从句; where 、 when 引导的定语从句 以及定语从句和强调句、同位语从句的区别等方面。 对定语从句的考查不单纯考查其语法结构,而是把它融入到一定的语境中,考查考生 的实际综合运用能力。 高考试题中,主要从以下角度考查定语从句: 定语从句的考点之一 that 用法 正确区分关系代词 that 引出的定语从句功能强,除不能作定语(用 whose)外,其它几个功能都可 用 that。但命题角度主要以 that 与 which 指物时的区别为重点进行命制。例如: (1)——Do you have anything in mind _________ you’d like for supper? ——Well, _________ is OK with me. A. that ; anything C. what ; whatever 选 A。 (2)The wrong you've done him is terrible, for ______ you should make an apology to him, I think. A. this B. which C. what D. that 选 B。 B. which ; everything D. where ; something 发布时间:2012-02-06

定语从句的考点之二 判断成分,是关系代词还是关系副词 正确区分关系代词(that 或 which)与关系副词 when(表时间)、where(表地点)、why(表原因)。

重点根据定语从句中所缺成分 (即关系词在定语从句中作状语时,使用关系副词 when (on which); where(in which); why(for which); 在定语从句中作作主语、宾语或表语时,使用 that 或 which。)来确定是用关系代词还是关系副词, 绝不能因先行词是时间名词就用 when,是地点名词就用 where,是 reason 就用 why 来确定。 因此,认准先行词只是选择关系词的一个方面,更重要的是看其在后面定语从句中充当什么句子成分 例如: (3)He should stand near the stage ________ he could watch and follow the play. A. where 选 A。 (4)Do you think the reason _______ he gave is believable. A. for which 选 B。 (5)We are living in an age _______ many things are done on computer. A. which 选 D。 定语从句的考点之三 分词短语作定语 当先行词在定语从句中作主语时,应注意主谓语的一致性及被动语态问题。尤其要注意在考题中 不用定语从句,而是用分词短语作定语。例如: (6)The first textbooks ______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written C. being written 选 D。 定语从句的考点之四 不重复先行词 定语从句中不能再重复与先行词有关的代词或副词。 必须牢记定语从句中关系词已经替代先行词 并且在定语从句中已经充当其成分,故不能再用相关的代词或副词。例如: (8)He made another wonderful discovery, _______ of great importance to science. A. which I think it is C. which I think it 选 B。 (9)This is the hospital _____ they visited last year and is the one _____ I worked in five years ago. A.That;where C.Where;where 选 D。 (10)There are dirty marks on her trousers ________ she had wiped her hands. A. that 选 C。 定语从句的考点之五 B. which C. where D. when B.Where;that D.That;that B. which I think is D. I think which is B. to be written D. written B. that C. whose D. when B. which C. why D. what B. when C. that D. there

对介词后接关系代词而不接关系副词的考查; 当关系代词作介词宾语,且该介词不是和从句的谓语动词构成固定短语时,介词可以提前,这样就出 现"介词+关系代词"。 先行词指物,用"介词+which", 指人则用"介词+whom", 且两个关系代词均不能省略,介词的选择要遵 循两个原则: 1.根据定语从句中谓语动词与先行词的搭配内容而定。 2.根据先行词特殊用法而定。 例如: (11)This flower doesn't do well in soil other than the one_____ it has been specially developed . A.For which 选 A。 (12)Anyway, that evening, ____I will tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel's place. A. when 选 D。 定语从句的考点之六 关系代词 as 的考查。 关系代词 as 引导限制性定语从句时既可指人又可指物。它只能替代由 such,the same 等修饰的先行 词; as 引导非限制性定语从句时,可放于句首,句中或置于句尾,而 which 则只能置于主句之后。 但如果定语从句为否定句或表示否定意义,使用 which。 As 引导的定性定语从句有"正如"之意,而 which 引导的没有。 例如: 选 C。 (14)Carl said the work would be done by October , _______ personally I doubt very much. A. it 选 D。 (15) ________ is reported in the newspaper , talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It 选 B。 定语从句的考点之七 解题时要注意题干的内容和句子的结构,(进行必要的语法分析,弄清句子结构。)再行答题。 例如: (16)The teacher wanted to teach us ___ he knew at this last lesson. A. all which C. of which 选 B。 (17)Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment , _______ I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what B. all what D. everything which B. As C. That D. What B. that C. when D. which (13)Our teacher set us such a difficult maths problem _____ we could not work out. B. which C. as D. even A. that B. where C. what D. which B.That C.Of which D.Where

选 B。 (18) Mrs Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had _____went wrong again. A. it repair C. repaired 选 C。 (19)______is well-known that Antarctica is difficult to reach A. It 选 A (21)_______is well-known is that Antarctica is difficult to reach. A. It 选 B。 小结: 定语从句可从形式上,内容上和语法上来出题 形式上:比如 As is reported 之类的识记则可,在做题过程中,积累。 内容上:则要理解大意,翻译成中文意思则会做。 语法上:主要在关系代词和关系副词的判断上。 关系代词(that 或 which) 关系副词 when(表时间)、where(表地点)、why(表原因) 区别:作主语、宾语或表语时,用关系代词 作状语则用关系副词 作业: 一、关系副词有哪些? B. What C. As D. which B. What C. As D. Which B. it repaired D. to be repaired


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