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Grammar高一英语第四单元语法精要


现在进行时被动语态

A. 陈述句: 主语 + am/is/are + being + 过去分词

B. 疑问句:
疑问词 + am/is/are +主 + being + 过去

分词

表示说话人说话时或现阶
段正在进行的动作,经常和时 间副词now (现在), right

now (现在, 此刻), at present (现在, 目前), at this moment (此刻)连 用。

主语和谓语动词之间是被动关系, 而 且动作正在进行。 e.g. English is being taught by Miss Lee now. New functions are being added to the camera at present.

The Tense of the The Passive Voice
1. Present passive voice: am/is/are +

p.p.
e.g. The Olympic Games are usually
held in big cities.

2. Past passive voice: was/were + p.p.
e.g. The last Olympic Games were

held

3. Future passive voice: will/shall
+ be + p.p.

e.g. The children will be taken to
hospital if they have a slight

fever.
am/is/are + going to be + p.p.

e.g. The children are going to
be taken to hospital if they have a slight fever.

am/is/are+ to be+ p.p. e.g. The children are to be taken to hospital if they had a slight fever. 4. Present continuous passive voice: am/is/are + being + p.p. e.g. --Why it is so noisy out there?

--Oh, it’s because the road is being
repaired.

5. Perfect passive voice: have /has + been + p.p.

e.g. The Olympic Games have been held 29 times.

现在进行时的被动语态: am/is/are + being done 1) 表示说话时正在进行 的一个被动动作,强 调主语是动作的承受 者。

e.g. 瞧!那个婴儿正由他的姑姑照料着。 Look! The baby is being taken care of by her aunt. 2) 表示这一段时间正在进行的一个被

动的动作。
e.g. 这一阵子许多讲座正在举行。 Many speeches are being held these days.

3) 表示按计划或安排将要进行的一个被
动动作

e.g.今晚将要进行一场圣诞晚会。
A party is being held tonight. ① be + under / in +n.的结构可以表示现 在进行时的被动语态的含义。

② 一些表示“心理活动, 拥有, 存在”

等动词, 一般不用现在进行时的被动
语态, 而用一般现在时的被动语态。

e.g. Joe, come here. You are wanted
on the phone.

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项。 1. It is reported that many a new house _____ at present in the disaster area. (陕西2010) A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built

2. Traditional folk arts of Tianjin like paper cutting ______ at the culture show of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. (天津2010) A. are exhibiting B. is exhibiting C. are being exhibited D. is being exhibited

3. — Hi, Terry, can I use your computer
for a while this afternoon? — Sorry. _____. A. It’s repaired B. It has been repaired C. It’s being repaired D. It had been repaired (江苏2009)

4. Would you please keep silent? The weather report _____ and I want to listen. A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast (湖南2009)

C. has been broadcast
D. had been broadcast

5. —Why don’t we choose that road to save time? —The bridge to it _____. (四川2009) A. has repaired C. is being repaired B. is repaired D. will be repaired

6. —What’s that noise? —Oh, I forgot to tell you. The new machine _____. A. was tested (浙江2008) B. will be tested

C. is being tested

D. has been tested

I. 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. A: Where is Kate? B: She ________________ (criticize) by is being criticized the teacher in the office. 2. A: Where are the children? B: They _____________________ (take are being taken care of care of) by their aunt.

3. A: What is happening over there?
is being held B: A party _____________ (hold). II. 用被动语态改写下列句子。 1. They are studying the milu deer at the research centre. The milu deer is / are being studied at

the research centre.

2. She is teaching the boy a lesson. The boy is being taught a lesson. 3. Now he is making the girl laugh. Now the girl is being made to laugh. 4. They are revising the laws to protect the rights of women and children. The laws are being revised to protect the rights of women and children.


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