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2013高考英语短文改错专项训练


高考英语短文改错 常见错误类型
高考英语改错题是考生感到棘手的题型之一。 笔者对近几年的高考英语改错题作了细致 的分析并加以归类后,发现错误类型主要集中在以下方面。 (例题保留原题号) 1. 动词时态 每年都有时态错误的小题, 而且改动基本集中在一般过去时与一般现在时之间。 时态的 更改要以上下文的主体时态为依据。 (1) (2003 全国卷)She liked it

very much and reads it to the class. All said the story was... 84. read (and 连接并列谓语) (2) (2004 江苏卷)At once I apologize and controlled myself... 83. apologized (and 连接并列谓语) (3) (2004 全国卷) Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class,... 82. talk (根据 sometimes 可判断此句为一般现在时) (4) (2005 全国卷Ⅱ)I will write again and send you the photos we take together. 85. took (把照片寄给你,应该是已经拍好的,用过去时) (5) (2005 全国卷Ⅰ) There are advantage for students to work while studying at school. One of them was that they can earn money. 77. is (从上下文判断,应该是现在时,谓语用 is) (6) (2005 江苏卷)We named him Jack and keep him for about three years. 76. kept (and 连接并列谓语) 2. 名词单复数 单复数互改是高考英语改错题的基本题型之一, 改动的依据有: 一是根据名词前的修饰 限定成份;二是根据上下文的逻辑关系。 (1) (2003 全国卷)Their word were a great encouragement to me. 85. words (是把 word 改为 words 还是把 were 改为 was, 根据名词前的修饰限定词 their 来决定。 ) (2) (2004 江苏)that was a dinner we had waited for several month. 85. months (several 修饰复数名词) (3) (2004 全国卷Ⅰ) a few minute on the Internet. 77. minutes (a few 修饰复数名词) (4) (2005 全国卷Ⅱ)But one and a half year later. 79. years (one and a half 意思为一年半,故判断此处 year 应为复数形式) (5) (2005 全国卷Ⅰ)There are advantage for students to work... 76. advantages (从 there are 判断应该用名词复数) 3. 句子结构 句子结构方面的错误范围庞大, 解答高考英语改错题主要可以从以下几方面来思考: 1) 句子结构是否完整,成份是否冗缺;2)单词的词性与其在句中的功能是否相符;3)主谓一 致;4)复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词或引导词的运用是否得当等。 (1) (2004 全国卷) won’ be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the I t afternoon. 78. because/as (复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词运用不当) (2) (2004 全国卷Ⅱ) I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me. 81. why
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(复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词运用不当) (3) (2005 全国卷Ⅰ)For the most part, students working to earn money for their own use. 78. work (缺谓语动词) (4)2005 全国卷Ⅰ) ( Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything if they like. 79. allows (主语是动名词短语 Earning their own money,谓语应该用单数) (5) (2005 江苏卷)But the most wonderful thing about Jack were his musical ability. 84. was (主语是第三人称单数) 4. 赘述 高考英语改错题中的赘述是指在一些固定表达中或从上下文逻辑来看用了多余的词, 从 而使句子表达不合规范或造成逻辑上的重复。 (1) (2003 全国卷 80) followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day. I 80. should (并列谓语,should 多余) (2) (2004 全国卷)Can you tell me about what I should do? 85. about (tell sb about/of sth 或 tell sb 接从句) (3) (2004 重庆卷)I had to look up to the same word many times, ... 78. to (look up a word 查字典)
(4) (2005 全国卷Ⅰ)Some students may also to save up for their college or future use. 84. to

(情态动词 may 后接动词原形)
(5) (2005 江苏卷) But for the most wonderful thing about Jack was his musical ability. 83. for

(but 是连词 for 是介词,不能并列) 5. 固定结构(固定句型、固定短语、固定搭配) 所谓固定结构是指英语中一些不能随意更改的习惯表达。 如固定短语中的词不能缺, 固 定搭配要前后一致等。 (1) (2003 全国卷 81)Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was ... 81. talking (enjoy doing 为固定短语) (2) (2004 全国卷Ⅰ)I am sure they will laugh to me and see me as a fool. 79. at (laugh at sb. 固定短语) (3) (2004 浙江卷)from friends can all provide you for stamps from all over the world. 82. with (provide ... with 为固定短语) (4) (2005 全国卷Ⅱ)I am writing to thank you with your kind help. 76. for (thank sb for sth) (5) (2005 全国卷Ⅰ) or for permission to do things by money. 83. with (with money) 6. 冠词 英语中冠词只有三个,从高考英语改错题的角度来看,只能从以下几个方向出题:1) 不定冠词 a 和 an 互改;2)不定冠词 a 或 an 和定冠词 the 互改;3)根据需要增删冠词。 (1) (2004 全国卷Ⅲ)I will have to decide what I want to do over a weekend. 77. the (根据句义是特指这个周末) (2) (2004 江苏卷)When I was ∧boy, ... 76. ∧a
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(我是一个男孩,应用不定冠词 a.) (3) (2004 辽宁卷)This was my first visit to a English family. 78. an (English 开头字母是元音,应该用 an) (4) (2004 重庆卷)I started writing down words from ∧ books that I read. 82. ∧the (名词后由从句修饰时,应使用定冠词) (5) (2005 全国卷Ⅱ)I hope you’ve had∧pleasant journey home and will come to China 83. ∧a 7. 代词 代词不仅要与其所指代对象一致,其运用还要符合上下文的语气及逻辑关系。 (1) (2004 浙江卷)And every year more and more people start a stamp collection of your own ... 78. their (指代对象应一致)
(2) (2004 湖北卷)You have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him. 83. them

(pupils 是复数,后应该用替代复数名词的代词。 ) (3) 2005 全国卷Ⅰ) ( Some students may also save up for our college or future use. 85. their (指代对象应一致) (4) (2005 江苏卷)We often play a trick on himself. 79. him (play a trick on sb) 8. 连词及与并置问题 连词连接的前后两部分是否合乎逻辑; 并列连词所连接的前后两部分结构是否等同。 这 两点是解答连词及其相关问题的关键所在。 (1) (2004 江苏卷)My grandma was the best cook in the world but could make the most delicious dishes. 79. and (从句意可知,此处表并列关系,应用 and) (2) (2004 全国卷Ⅳ)My class will be over by then or I will pick you up there. 82. and (并列关系, “于是、同时、然后”等意思) (3) (2004 全国卷Ⅱ)I would describe myself as shy and quietly. 77. quiet (连接的词性应一致) 9. 易混淆的词或词组 易混淆的词既包括词意相同或相近的同义词、近义词,也包括外形相似、意义有别的词 组。易混淆词或词组的辨析也是高考改错题中不容忽视的部分。 (1) (2004 全国卷Ⅰ)Finding information on the Net is easily. 83. easy (be easy 非常容易,形容词做表语) (2) (2004 福建卷)She called 119 immediate. 84. immediately (副词做状语) (3) (2003 全国卷) always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English. I 78. everything (在陈述句中一般用 everything) (4) (2004 重庆卷)...but I had terribly problems memorizing them. 77. terrible (作定语应用形容词) (5) (2005 全国卷Ⅱ)My pronunciation was terribly. 78.terrible (系动词后用形容词作表语) 以上错误类型的划分不一定很科学,但至少能为考生解答高考英语改错题提供思考方 法。一旦考生认清了高考英语改错题的特点、解题方法以及错误类型,解题时就不会盲目从 事,而能做到有的放矢。
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短文改错题常见的错误类型
1、冠词的多用、少用、混用。 2、名词 的数与格的误用。 3、主谓不一致的错误。学生往往容易忽视定语从句中强调句型中的主谓一致性。 4、代词的指代不一致的错误。代词的指代一致性包括人称、数、格和性四方面的统一。 代词的人称可分为第一、二、三人称和非人称;代词的数分为单数和复数;代词的格分为主 格、宾格、所有格还有名词性物主代词;代词的性分为阳性、阴性和中性。 5、动词的时态、语态和语气的误用。多数动词有时态、语态、和语气变化形式,还有 上下文的时态呼应,主从句的时态一致。 6、非谓语动词的误用。非谓语动词的难点主要体现在 V—ing 形式和过去分词的用法 区别、V—ing 形式与不定式的用法区别、以及非谓语动词的时态、语态的正确运用。 7、形容词、副词的混用及其比较等级的误用。形容词一般在句中作定语修饰名词或代 词,作表语说明主语的性质、特征;而副词的作用较复杂,常常修饰形容词 、副词 、介词 短语、动词或全句。形容词和副词比较等级的误用现象:①省略不当;②自身比较;③修饰 语的误用;④than 连接的两个比较对象不一致或不平行。 8、关联词语的误用。关联词分并列连词 and,but,or,so,when 等,从属连词——各 种从句的引导词。关联词语的误用除涉及到其基础知识,还涉及至行文逻辑关系。短文改错 题惯用的命题手法是:①and,but,or,so 等之间的混用;②because 与 so 并用;③although 与 but 并用;④why 与 because 并用;⑤come 与 go 混用;⑥here 与 there 混用。 9、平行结构的误用。平行结构是指用一连串作用和结构相同的或相似的成份表达同一 范畴或同一性质、密切关联的内容。平行结构有词之间的平行、词组之间的平行、句子或从 句之间的平行、段落之间的平行。在平行结构中常用的并列连词 有 and,but,or,than 等。 10、成分的多与少——多一词或少一词。多或少的词语,常见于冠词、介词、不定式 标记 to 等,不过有时也可能是实义词。在短文改错中常出现 repeat back,serve for 等错误。 这类错误大多由于学生受汉语表达习惯的影响,或对英语词义的理解不够准确造成的。 11、固定搭配、习惯用法和介词的误用。短文改错中涉及到固定搭配、习惯用法常常多 用、少用或误用其中的介词,有时也涉及到其中的动词、冠词的错误搭配。

短文改错题常见的错误类型剖析
1、多词 ①多冠词。 caught a sigh of my English in the crowd。 I [析]sight 是不可数名词, cath sight 且 of 是固定搭配,意为“看见” 。故应去掉 a。 ②多介词。We practice for three times every week。此例中是作时间状语的名词短语多了 介词,故应去掉 for ③固定搭配中多词。I was used to watch it 。此 例属于 used to do 与 be used to 两个固 定搭配的误用,据句意应去 was。即“过去常常”之意。 ④行文逻辑上多词。First,let me tell you something more about myself .由 first 可知是刚 刚开始向别人讲述自己的事情,故只能说 something ,而不要加 more. ⑤词义重复。I’ll spend all the whole weekend reading and preparing for it. the whole weekend 意为“整个周末” ,再加上 all ,词义重复。故去 all. ⑥出现冗言现象。Today I visited the Smiths __my first time visit to an American family . 本句中 first 修饰 visit ,vsit 此处为名词,意为“我的第一次访问” ,time 多余。 2、缺词 ①名词前缺限定词。 The day before the speech contest English teacher talked to me .根据上 下文分析,此处 English teacher 是有所指的,指的是“我的”英语教师,故应 English teacher
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前加上 my ,表达一个更确切的概念。 ②缺动词不定式符号 to. I’d like very much come but I have an examination on Monday morning .would like 后面不能直接加动词,需 to,构成固定搭配 would like to do something,意 为“想做某事” 。 ③缺系动词。What your favorite sport ?本句缺谓语动词,应在 What 后面加 is . 短文改错的解题步骤 1、通读短文,把握文意。快速阅读短文,了解短文大意,利用短文大意攻克文中的错 误,切忌拿到短文提笔就改。2、依据句意和语法逐句判断。错误是按行设置的,但找错不 是以行为单位寻找,必须依据句意和语法分析,逐句或跨行寻找错误。3、先易后难,逐类 排查。先找出比较明显的错误,逐步缩小 错误的范围。十行之中有一行是正确的。4、利用 行文逻辑,突破改错难点。有些行文逻辑错误,从词法、句法的角度看是正确的,但是通过 上下文的逻辑分析就会发现是错误的。 5、复读短文,检查答案,注意行文逻辑关系的正确合理。 6、严格按照试题要求答题,万万不能随心所欲解题。

短文改错的解题技巧
1、利用排除法进行短文改错,所谓“排除法”就是在理解单句或短文大意基本把握住 文章整体时态的前提下,行不离句,句不离文,将句子分成若干语段,逐一排除,使错误缩 小到最小范围。再根据基础知识进行扩散性思考,从而快速找到答案。 2、发现有平行结构,就要检查是否有用词不一致或因成分短缺而引起的句子不平衡错 误。如:She was eating her sandwich and drank her milk at the table when I arrived .此句中并列 的平行结构是两个语法上相同的谓语,故应把 drank 改 drinking. 3、发现有比较结构,就要检查是否有形容词、副词的比较级,比较的对象等方面的错 误。如:In some places you can borrow many books as you want ,根据上下文不难发现该句含 “as??as”结构的句子,所以应在 many 前加上 as。 4、发现有转折、因果、对比等结构时,就要检查是否有行文逻辑方面的错误。如:His company publishes books and he buys books all over the world .按行文逻辑, 应把 buys 改 sells. 又如:I like singing ,my brother likes dancing .英语中两个分句之间不能仅仅用逗号,而要用 合适的连词连接。故以上两个分句之间要加上连词 while 表示对比。 5、发现句子有多重结构,就要检查是否有时态、语态、连词或成分短缺等错误。如:He wrote to me immediately as soon as he got there .该句犯了连词重复使用的错误,应去掉 immediately. 6、发现有特殊疑问句结构,就要检查是否有疑问词使用不当的错误。如:---How many was the price of your car ?---I bought the car at cheap price ,only S2,000.英语中问价格时,可用 what price 或 how much 提问。 回答时常用 high price low price .所以应把句子中的 How many 改为 What ,把答句中 cheap 改为 low. 7、发现有名词和代词时,就要检查是否有数、所有格或指代不一致的错误。如:Some people read the books or watch TV, while others have sports .去掉 books 前的 the ,books 在此表 示泛指。 8、 发现有固定短语时, 就要检查副词、 介词、 冠词是否使用错误。 如: Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd .caught sight of (看见)是固定词组,所以要去掉 a. 9、发现并列主语、从句、不定代词、集合名词、非谓语动词、时间、金钱等作主语, together with, as well as 等引导的成份修饰主语时,就要检查是否有主谓不一致的错误。如: Playing football not only makes us grow tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit .but also 后面的分句的主语也是 playing football,其谓语动词应当用单数,故 give
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应改为 gives . 10、发现有特殊动词结构时,就要检查其特殊用法是否正确。如:He made me to post a letter for him .英语中的感官动词 see; look at ;watch ; notice; observe ; hear; listen to 等,使役 动词 let ;make ; have 等后面所跟的复合宾语中,如果由不定式的短语作宾语补足语,不定 式须省去 to.故应去掉句中的 to. 11、发现有非谓语动词作状语、表语或定语时,就要检查是否有非谓语动词和逻辑主语 不一致的错误。 The box is too heavy for the little boy to carry it .该句型中不定式 to carry 逻 如; 辑上的宾语就是句子中的主语,所以句中的 it 是多余,应去掉。 短文改错题中动词错误的解题思路 1、 如果该动词在句中作谓语, 可考虑其时时态和语态。 Anyone may borrow books ,and 如: it cost nothing to borrow them (cost----costs) 如:Books may be keep for two weeks (keep kept ) 2、 如果该动词不作谓语, 可试着改成非谓语动词形式。 I look forward to hear from you 如: soon .(hear -----hearing ) 如:play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also (play-------playing )

短文改错的考点分析
短文改错是一种对基础知识与综合技能的检测题。它主要检测考生对词法、句法和语 篇中的行为逻辑等的把握。 1、词法:主要涉及名词的单复数;人称代词的性、数、格;不定代词和连接代词的用 法;动词的时态和语态;情态动词和非谓语动词的用法;定冠词不定冠词的用法;并列连词 和从属连词的看法;介词的搭配;形容词和副词的区别及其比较级和最高级的用法;词语的 固定搭配和习惯用法等。 2、句法:各类从句的连接;主谓一致;省略与替代;否定句型;强调句型;句子结构 的连贯性、完整性等。 3、语篇:短文时态的前后呼应、代词的前后一致、逻辑的前后顺应等。 短文改错中错词的误用 1、名词单复数误用。She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success. 根据句 意分析,schoolmate 应改为复数形式。 2、 非谓语动词误用。 was often a little tired after a day’ work and watch TV demands very I s little effort .根据句意分析, 连接两个不同的事情, watch 应以动名词 watching 作主语。 and 故 3、连词误用。It looks as if my parents treat ,me as a visitor and a guest !分析后各知。本句 话意思为“看起来我的父母亲把我当成了 visitor 或 gust 了。 “二者为选择关系,而非并列关 系,故应将 and 改为 or. 4、关系代词与关系副词误用。I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China.此句后一部 分是非限制性定语从句,应用关系代词 which 作主语。 5、限定词误用。We may be one family and live under a same roof .same 意为“同样的” , 前面应加定冠词 the ,而不是 a。 6、词义辨析误用。They did not want me to do my work at family .family 侧重指“家庭这 个结构或家里人” ,而 home 则侧重指“家庭的所在地” 。因此“在家里”应用 at home. 短文改错中“一致性”问题 1、主谓一致 2、时态与语态的一致 3、代词先后指代一致 4、名词数的一致 5、平行结构中的一致
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6、全文写作逻辑语义一致

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高考英语短文改错解题指导
以往,短文改错题是高考英语全国试卷和绝大多数单独命题省市试卷的基本题型。由于 其综合了对于高中生英语语法、 阅读和写作能力的综合考察, 所以一直以来都是学生们颇感 棘手的难题。我们认为,经过合理的指导和科学的训练,学生们完全可以熟悉其核心的命题 思路和解题技巧,从而取得理想的成绩。 一、高考英语改错题的命题特点分析 从上个世纪九十年代开始出现以来, 高考短文改错题的考察方式基本已经稳定下来, 其 设疑方式不外乎:无错(1 处)、多词或少词(3 到 4 处)以及错词(5-6 处)。而且,没 有单词拼写、标点符号或词序错误,只涉及语法、习惯表达和语义逻辑层面。 三、高考英语改错题的常见错误类型 根据对近十年全部高考改错题的统计分析, 我们认为, 短文改错题所涉及到的高频考点, 恰好也是中学生在写作中经常出现的错误。 我们希望考生能够参考我们所总结的常见错误类 型,在练习改错题的时候学会对应和归纳,这样才能够提高对错误的嗅觉力和敏感度。这些 错误类型主要为: 1、动词的时态和语态 2、句子结构和句子完整性 3、名词单复数及主谓一致问题 4、上下文语意和指代 5、介词 6、固定(习惯)用法 7、词性 8、冠词 9、连词和从句引导词 10、动词不定式 四、实例分析 接下来,我们以考题为例,分析短文改错题的具体解题流程。 1)There are advantage for students to work while 2)studying at school. One of them was that 3)they can earn money. For the most part, 4)students working to earn money for their own 5)use. Earning their own money allow them 6)to spend on anything as if they please. 7)They would have to ask their parents for 8)money or for permission to do things by 9)the money. Some students may also to save 10)up for our college or future use.
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通过阅读全文,我们发现: 1、 这是一篇议论文,探讨学生是否应该打工。主体时态是现在时。第 2)小题的局部 时态和主体时态发生冲突,而且经过进一步判断,属于时态错误。 2、 文章的第一句是这篇议论文的论点,它明确了全文的立足点:打工有好处。因此, 第 7)小题虽然没有任何语法错误,但其逻辑和全文的整体逻辑恰好背道而驰。 3、 文章是作者站在第三方对一个一般现象进行的评论,主体叙事角度与“我”、 “我 们”无关。第 10)小题的代词“our”有错误嫌疑。 第 1)小题,There are advantage for students to work while 中,系动词 are 和主 语 advantage 的单复数一致性出现了问题,但此时还不能贸然判断究竟是哪一个出现了问 题。 通过阅读下文, 我们得出至少有两个层面的 “好处” 因此把 advantage 改为 advantages; , 第 2)小题,studying at school. One of them was that 中,我们已经解释过了,时 态错误,应将 was 改为 is; 第 3)小题,they can earn money. For the most part,中,没有错误,for the most part 为习惯表达,表示“最主要的原因是”,且语法无误; 第 4)students working to earn money for their own 中,working 是非谓语形式, 导致该句没有谓语,是一个典型的不完整句,因此要将 working 改为 work,还原其谓语功 能。 第 5) 小题, use. Earning their own money allow them 中, 主语为动名词形式的 earning, 与谓语 allow 的一致性出现问题,应改为 allows; 第 6)小题,to spend on anything as if they please.中,从句引导词错误,导致 含义混乱,应将 as if 改为 as; 第 7)小题,They would have to ask their parents for 中,如上文中的解释,改为 should not; 第 8)小题,money or for permission to do things by 中,介词使用有误,这主要 还是一个语法问题。将 by 改为 with; 第 9)小题,the money. Some students may also to save 中,情态动词和不定时的 语法问题,应该将 to 去掉; 第 10)小题,up for our college or future use.中,我们解释过了,这里的代词 our 与全文的叙述角度发生冲突。经判断,将其改为 their。 大致上,短文改错涵盖面较广,本文只是总结了数年考试题型做了归纳,总之这类题十 分注意细节。令:本文是其他一线教师力作,拿来即用。
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Exercise 2 Dear students, The Students’ Union was going to hold an English Speech 1. _______ contest in the evening of December 30. The purpose 2. _______ is increase the students’ interest in learning English and 3. _______ improve their spoken English. Which is going to be held in4. _______ the school main hall and will begins at 7:30. And the 5. _______ best five students of this English contest will be given6. _______ prizes. Someone in Grade Three will be 7. _______ welcome to take part in it. Those would like to take part 8. _______ in this contest should go to the office of the Students’9. _______ Union and sign it up your names and the topics of your 10. ______ English Speech. Welcome to this great fun! 答案及解析 1. was 改为 is。 2. in 改为 on。指具体某一天的晚上, 要用介词 on。 3. is 后加 to。此处为不定式作表语。 4. Which 改为 It。此处应用 it 指代前文的 an English Speech contest, 如用 which 指代则无主句。 5. begins 改为 begin。will 后需用动词原形与 will 共同构成谓语部分。 6. 此行无错。 7. Someone 改为 Everyone。everyone 侧重整体, 指“每个人” someone 侧重个 ; 体, 意为“某个人” 。 8. Those 后加 who。此处用 who 引导定语从句。 9. go 改为 come。根据文章第一句话可知, 此通知发出者是 the Students’ Union。 所以要用 come 而不用 go。 10. 删去 it。此句中已有宾语 your names, 不需用 it。 Exercise 3 Listening to foreign broadcast easier 1. _______ if we know something about. There are clues 2. _______ that can help us. One clue is the time of 3. _______ day. Morning programs usually contains many 4. _______ short items of news, informations, etc. The 5. _______ items are short because of most of us are 6. _______ getting ready to going to work in the 7. _______ morning. Often we do not have time listen 8. _______ to long programs. There are time for more 9. _______ details about the subjects discuss in evening programs.10. ______ 答案及解析 1. easier 前加 is。此处应构成“主语+系动词+表语”句型。 2. about 后加 it。about 是介词, 后面应接名词、 代词、 动名词作宾语。 3. 此行无错。 4. contains 改为 contain。主谓一致错误。主语 programs 为复数形式。
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5. informations 改为 information。information 为不可数名词。 6. 删去 because 后面的 of。because 后面应接一个句子; 而 because of 后面应接名 词、 代词、 动名词。 7. going 改为 go。be ready to do sth.为固定短语, 意为“准备做某事” 。 8. listen 前为 to。have time to do sth.意为“有时间做某事” 。 9. are 改为 is。主谓一致错误。主语 time 为不可数名词, 谓语应用单数形式。 10. discuss 改为 discussed。 非谓语动词错误。 此处动词 discuss 与其逻辑主语 subjects 应为被动关系, 故用 discussed 作定语。

Exercise 4 Life on earth depends the sun. Day after 1. _______ day we see its light and feel its warm, but we 2. _______ do not often consider about its origin. 3. _______ Yet there are many remarkable things about the 4. _______ sun. One is their distance from the earth. Even 5. _______ if it could be made, a trip to the sun would spend a long 6. _______ time even by the fastest rocket. 7. _______ The sun is a large satellite. The planet 8. _______ earth is very small in comparison. The sun make 9. _______ us to feel hot, even at a distance of 93 million miles. 10. ______ 答案及解析 1. depend 后加 on。此处 depend 为不及物动词, 应与 on 连用, 表示“依赖, 依 靠” 。 2. warm 改为 warmth。warm 为形容词, 在 its 后应用名词 warmth 作 feel 的宾语。 3. 删去 about。此处 consider 为及物动词, 直接接宾语。 4. 此行无错。 5. their 改为 its。依上文此处指代“太阳的” 。 6. spend 改为 take。take 应由物作主语, 表示时间或金钱的花费, 而 spend 则通 常用人作主语。 7. by 改为 in。in the fastest rocket 为固定用法, 表示具体的运输工具。 8. satellite 改为 star。satellite 意为“卫星” star 多用来指恒星。 , 9. make 改为 makes。此处 make 应与主语第三人称单数 the sun 保持一致。 10. 删去 to。当不定式作 make 的宾语补足语时, 应省略 to。

Exercise 5 After I finished the school this year, I began to 1. _______ look for work. Now several month later, I still hadn’t2. _______ found the job that I was interested. Last Sunday morning3. _______ I received a phone call from a man calling him Mr. Smith. 4. _______ He said to me on the phone, “I hear you do very 5. _______ well in your studies. I may provide a job for you.” I entered 6. _______ his office with a beaten heart. How I hoped that I 7. _______
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will go through the job -hunting talk today and he would8. _______ take me on as a lab assistant. But to my surprised, 9. _______ what he said disappointing. He only needed a model. 10. ______ 答案及解析 1. 删去 the。冠词错误。finish school 意为“完成学业, 毕业” school 为抽象名 , 词, 前不加冠词。 2. month 改为 months。名词单复数错误。several 修饰可数名词复数形式。 3. interested 后加 in。介词错误。be interested in 是固定词组。 4. him 改为 himself。代词错误, 根据文意应为“自称是” 。 5. do 改为 did。动词错误。句意应为“我听说你(过去)学习不错” 因为现已毕业。 , 6. 此行无错。 7. beaten 改为 beating。非谓语动词错误。a beating heart 相当于 a heart which is beating。 8. will 改为 would。动词时态错误。主句是过去时, 宾语从句要用相应的时态。 9. surprised 改为 surprise。to one’s surprise/joy 为习语搭配, 只能是名词。 10. said 后加 was。 动词谓语漏用错误。 What he said 是主语从句, was disappointing 是谓语。 Exercise 6 Once an old man saw a bag on his way to home. 1. _______ In the bag there was a wolf. It was catching and put in 2. _______ the bag by a shepherd(牧羊人) a few minutes ago. The wolf asked the old man to let him out.3. _______ The old man took pity on him and opened bag.4. _______ When the wolf got out, said to the old man, “I am very hungry. 5. _______ I want to eat you.” The other old man could do nothing 6. _______ and cry for help. Just then the shepherd came and saw this. 7. _______ He beat the wolf to death by a stick. Then he said to the 8. _______ old man, “wolves want to eat men all the time. It’s nature 9. _______ will never change. We should took this as a good lesson.” 10. ______ 答案及解析 1. 删去 to。home 是副词, 前面不能接介词。 2. catching 改为 caught。主语 it 与 catch 的关系为被动关系, 故用 was caught。 3. 此行无错。 4. bag 前加 the。bag 在此重复提到, 为特指。 5. said 前加 he。代词漏用错误。此句缺少主语, 并且要与上文 him 保持一致。 6. 删去 other。接上下文没有“另一个老人” 。 7. and(cry)改为 but(cry)。can do nothing but 意为“只得做” 为习惯搭配。 , 8. by 改为 with。介词错误。 “用??工具”常用“with...” 。 9. It’s 改为 Its。同音词混淆错误。此处应为“它的本性” 。 10. took 改为 take。情态动词后应接动词原形。 Exercise 7 Dear Sir, I’m glad to recommend (推荐) to you my friend Li Ming.
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Li Ming was born on July 15, in 1974 in Beijing. 1. _______ He graduated from Xisi Primary School in 1986. 2. _______ When he was in the middle school, he did good in maths, 3. _______ physics and chemistry and fond of art. After graduating 4. _______ from No.4 High School, he entered into Beijing 5. _______ University study physics. After four years of hard 6. _______ work there, he went to the United States for farther7. _______ study. Because of his excellent work, he get a doctor’s 8. _______ degree in physics this year. He is now in good health but would like to make contributions to our 9. _______ country. I should be most grateful if you would favorably consider my recommendation. Looking forward to receive your early reply.10. ______ Yours truly, Wang Li 答案及解析 1. 删去 1974 前的 in。 时间状语是年、 月、 日的只需用一个介词; 但若是年、 月、 日、 时的, 则要用 at six thirty, on the morning of May 4th, 2001。 2. 此行无错。 3. good 改为 well。固定词组 be good at, do well in 意为“在??学得很好” 。 4. fond 前加 was。 动词谓语残缺错误。 fond 是形容词, and 引导并列谓语结构, 故 用词组 was fond of。 5. 删去 into。动词 enter 是及物动词, 直接接宾语。 6. study 前加 to。此处用不定式短语作目的状语。 7. farther 改为 further。farther 意为“更远的” 表示实际距离; further 意为“深 , 远的, 进一步的” 指抽象概念, 这里为“深造学习” 应用 further study。 , , 8. get 改为 got。时态错误。 9. but 改为 and。根据上下文逻辑, 前后两分句为并列递进关系, 而非转折关系。 10. receive 改为 receiving。 look forward to 中的 to 为介词, 后面应接名词或动名词。 Exercise 8 Sept. 10th Wednesday Fine Today is Teacher’s Day. I attended a celebration1. _______ meeting hold by our school. At the meeting, 25 2. _______ advanced teachers were praised and those had3. _______ completed 30 years of teaching were given medals.4. _______ My the first English teacher was one of those praised.5. _______ After the meeting, my classmates and I went to see them.6. _______ Seeing us, the grey-haried teacher looked exciting. When we said we all wanted to be teachers 7. _______ and devoted ourselves to education in the future, he8. _______ nodded with satisfaction. He said in firm voice, 9. _______ “teaching is a noble job. Man would be stupid with 10. _______ education.” We all agreed and were greatly encouraged by his words. 答案及解析 1. Teacher’s 改为 Teachers’ “??(人)的节日”一般用名词复数表泛指。如: 。 Children’s Day, Women’s Day 等。 2. hold 改为 held。此处为过去分词作定语表被动关系。
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3. had 前加 who。 仔细分析句子结构便可知此处应为定语从句, those 或 all 等词后 只能接 who, 不能用 that。 4. 此行无错。 5. 删去 the。序数词前有 my 等形容词性物主代词时, 不需要用定冠词。 6. them 改为 him。代词指代应一致。根据下文 the grey-haired teacher 看出, 此处 应为 him。 7. exciting 改为 excited。人作主语时, 表语一般用过去分词; 物作主语则用现在 分词。 8. devoted 改为 devote。 根据句意可知, and 后的 devote 应与不定式短语 be teachers 并列。 9. in 后加 a。in a loud/low voice 为固定短语。 10. with 改为 without。 介词逻辑错误。根据常识可判断, 该处想表达的原意为 “没 有教育, 人类将会愚昧无知” 。 Exercise 9 The other day my brother Tom was beginning his 1. _______ motorbike then our neighbor, Mary came out and asked 2. _______ him if he was going near the station. So he offered her a lift. She got at the back of the motorbike and3. _______ they drove away. Just before they reached to the station4. _______ a policeman waved to them to stop. “Excuse me, sir,” he said. “You are not sitting on that motorbike properly.” “What’s matter with the way I’m sitting?” my brother5. _______ asked in surprise. “Not you, sir. It’s a young lady,” said 6. _______ the policeman. “In this country side-saddle(偏座) is not 7. _______ permitted when one ride a motorbike.” Mary made an excuse 8. _______ that she was from Italy, where it isn’t considering to9. _______ break the law when people take the side-saddle. The policeman shook head and drove away.10. ______ 答案及解析 1. beginning 改为 starting。begin 和 start 都有“开始”的意思, 但 start 还可指开动 机器等。该句中表示“开动, 发动” 因此应用 start。 , 2. then 改为 when。当前一个分句动作正在进行时, 突然又发生了另一动作, 应 用连词 when。 3. at 改为 on。get on 为固定的动词短语, 意为“上车” 。 4. 删去 to。reach 为及物动词, 其后不接介词。 5. matter 前加 the。 “What’s the matter with...?”是日常生活中常用口语句型。 6. a 改为 the。这里的 young lady 特指上文的青年妇女, 其前应用定冠词 the。 7. 此行无错。 8. ride 改为 rides。在 when 引导的时间状语从句中, 主语为第三人称单数, 谓语 为一般现在时态, 也应用动词第三人称单数。 9. considering 改为 considered。在 where 引导的非限制性定语从句中, 主语是谓语 动作的承受者, 应为被动语态。 10. head 前加 his。head 为可数名词, 其前应加限定词。 Exercise 10 Japan is a beautiful country, covering with many1. _______ tiny rivers and high mountains. Japan is also a pleased 2. _______
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country. It is known for “the land of the cherry blossom3. _______ (樱花)” because of the spring of the year the cherry 4. _______ trees are so beautiful. Everywhere there are hundred of 5. _______ different kinds of wild flowers. Where there are not natural gardens, the Japanese 6. _______ has made their own. Because the islands are so hilly7. _______ there is a great shortage of the soil, so very little bit 8. _______ is used. No matter how tiny may be, every home has its 9. _______ own little garden. Japan is a country worthy of a visit. 10. ______ 答案及解析 1. covering 改为 covered。be covered with 是固定搭配, 意为“为??所覆盖” 此 , 处过去分词短语作后置定语, 修饰 country。 2. pleased 改为 pleasant。pleased 意为“感动高兴的” 通常用来指人; pleasant , 意为“令人高兴的” 通常用来指物。 , 3. for 改为 as。be known for 是“因??而众所周知”的意思; be known as 意为 “以??知名” 。 4. of 改为 in。此处 because 引导原因状语从句, 从句中 in the spring of the year 作 时间状语。 5. hundred 改为 hundreds。固定词组 hundreds of 意为“数以百计的” 。 6. not 改为 no。not 为副词, 不能修饰名词; 修饰名词 gardens 应用 no。 7. has 改为 have。the Japanese 指的是日本人民, 应用复数形式。 8. 删去 the。soil 为物质名词, 其前不用定冠词。 9. tiny 后加 it。此处让步状语从句缺主语。 10. 此行无错。 2007 年高考真题 全国卷 1 I was only about six that he held his hand 1. _______ out to me. I took it in me and we walked. Then 2. _______ I ask him, “Grandpa, how come you have 3. _______ so much lines on your hand?” He laughed and 4. _______ said, “Well, that’s a big question!” He was 5. _______ silent for a moment. So he answered slowly: 6. _______ “Each these lines stands for a trouble in my 7. _______ life.” I looked at his other hands. “But Grandpa, 8. _______ what do you have more lines on that one?” 9. _______ “Because there are more the honors and joys 10. _______ in my life.” 答案 1. that→when2. me→mine 3. ask→asked4. much→many 5. √6. So→Then/And 7. each 后添加 of8. hands→hand 9. what→why10. 删除 the 2006 年高考真题 全国卷 1 We had guests last night who have not stayed 1. _______ in a B&B hotel ago. They did not want breakfast 2. _______
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because that they were going out early in the 3. _______ morning. They came back lately and had some 4. _______ tea. I came into the living room and saw one of 5. _______ them just go through the kitchen door but turn 6. _______ on the light. He was looking for a glass the 7. _______ cupboard. He had no ideas that the kitchen was 8. _______ not for guests. I just smiled to me and thought, 9. _______ “What can I do? We are guests after all.” 10. ______ 答案 1. have → had 2. ago → before 3. 删除 that 4. lately → late 5. 此行无错误 6. but → and 7. glass 后添加 in 8. ideas → idea 9. me → myself 10. We → They 全国卷 2 An American and a Frenchman decided to cross the sea between France and England in the balloon in 1784. High 1._______ over the water, they discover a hole in the balloon. The 2._______ hole became bigger and bigger. The air keeps the 3._______ balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was 4._______ coming up. The two men threw all their equipment into5._______ the water to make the balloon light. It started to rise 6._______ higher again. So it was still too close to the water. 7._______ Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes to 8._______ save themselves. The crowd waiting for to greet them in 9._______ England was very surprised see this when the balloon 10.______ landed in front of them. 答案 1. the → a 2. discover → discovered 3. keeps → keeping 4. √ 5. up → down 6. light → lighter 7. So → But 8. his → their 9. 删除 for 10. see 前添加 to NMET 2005 There are advantage for students to work while 1. _______ studying at school. One of them was that 2. _______ they can earn money. For the most part, 3. _______ students working to earn money for their own 4. _______ use. Earning their own money allow them 5. _______ to spend on anything as if they please. 6. _______ They would have to ask their parents for 7. _______ money or for permission to do things by 8. _______ the money. Some students may also to save 9. _______
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up for our college or future use. 10. _______ 答案及解析 1. advantage 改为 advantages。应使用可数名词的复数形式。 2. was 改为 is。时态和整篇文章的时态不一致。 3. 此行无错误。 4. working 改为 work。此句缺少谓语动词。 5. allow 改为 allows。主谓不一致, 动名词做主语谓语用单数。 6. 删除 if。此处 please 作不及物动词, 意为“喜欢, 想要” as 引导定语从句, , 修饰先行词 anything。 7. would 后添加 not。上下文逻辑有误。 8. by 改为 with。by 表示“使用”时, 其后不能使用定冠词 the, 故改为 with。 9. 去掉 to。may 为情态动词, 其后应使用动词原形。
10. our 改为 their。代词的指代不一致, 指代第三人称复数形式的物主代词应为 their。

NMET 2004 Dear Ralph, I’m a newcomer here of a small town. I would 1. _______ describe myself as shy and quietly. Before my classmates, 2. _______ it seems always difficult for me to do things well as3. _______ them. I’m sure they will laugh to me and see me as4. _______ a fool. So I feel unhappy every day. 5. _______ Besides, I have few friends. I don’t know that they 6. _______ don’t like to talk with me. Sometimes, we talked to each other7. _______ very well in class, but after class we become stranger at 8. _______ once. I am trying to improve the situation since it doesn’t 9. _______ seem to work. Can you tell me about what I should do? 10. _______ Yours, Xiao Wei 答案及解析 1. of 改为 from。of 表示所属意义, 此处应为“来自一个小城镇” 。 2. quietly 改为 quiet。describe 后接名词或代词+ as +名词或形容词, 其中 as +名词 或形容词作宾语补足语, 表示“把?描写成什么/什么样子” 。 3. well 前加 as。as well as“跟?(做得)一样好” 。 4. to 改为 at。laugh to...意为“对?大笑” 。laugh at...意为“嘲笑” 有明显的、 有 , 意的敌意的含义, 根据后文 and see me as a fool, 故应用 laugh at 才对。 5. 此行无错误。 6. that 改为 why。that 引导宾语从句, 本身无意义, 只起连接作用。 7. talked 改为 talk。整篇文章叙述的都是现在的情况。改为现在时, 使其与上下文 一致。 8. stranger 改为 strangers。与句子主语 we 一致。 9. since 改为 but。根据上下文, 前后句之间为转折关系。 10. 删除 about。tell 的结构为:tell sb. sth. “告诉某人某事” 表示直接意义; tell , sb. about sth. “告诉某人有关某事的某些内容” 表示间接意义。 , 作者:文玉荣 (I) If there are much more people in the world, then there 1. ________ must have more food to feed the people. But food is already 2. ________ a serious problem today. One-thirds of the world/'s population 3. ________ is starving, because there is not enough food. Ten thousand 4. ________ people die of the hunger every day in some parts of the world. 5. ________ So in other parts of the world, people become ill or die because 6. ________ they eat too much food, and they are too fat. Some country 7. ________ have no food, but others have too much, and they throw away. 8. ________
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How can tomorrow/'s world feed its people? The world needs 9. ________ to produce more food than it is now. 10. ________ (II) Nowadays, almost every family have a TV set, and almost 1. ________ everyone likes watching the TV. TV becomes part of our life. 2. ________ TV has many advantages, such as, it informs us the latest 3. ________ news that happened in the world; it can open our eye, 4. ________ enlarge our knowledge and also helps us to see more about the world. 5. ________ At the same time, it also has some disadvantages. People waste very 6. ________ much time in watching TV and their normal life and work are affect. 7. ________ To those children which spend too much time in watching TV, 8. ________ it can do harm for their sight and health. In a word, we should take 9. ________ the advantage of TV and control our time of watching TV. 10. ________ [答案与解析] (I) 1. much→more。形容词的比较级修饰的中心词是可数名词 people, 此时应该用 many 表示/"... ... 得多/"。 2. have→be。此处是/"there be/"句型。 3. One-thirds→One-third。 分数词的构成规则是:分子用基数词,分母用序数词;当分子大于 1 时,在分母的序数词词尾加/"s/"。 4. 第一个 is→are。本句的主语是指/"三分之一的人口/",是复数概念,谓语动词应该用复 数形式。 5. 去掉第一个 the。此处的 hunger 表泛指,其前面不用定冠词。 6.So→But。此处表转折关系,与上句的/"饿死/"形成鲜明的对比。 7. country→countries。由句子的谓语动词 have 可知,此处的名词应该用复数形式。 8. throw 后面加 it。throw away 是及物动词性质,应该有宾语。 9. 本行无错。 10. is→does。does 指代的是动词 produces。 (II) 1. have→has。family 被 every 修饰,指单数,谓语动词用单数。 2. 去掉 the。TV 在此处表泛指, TV 前面不用加定冠词。 3. us 后面加 of。inform sb. of sth.是固定词组。 4. eye→eyes。此处的名词应该用复数形式。 5. helps→help。open, enlarge 和 help 是三个并列的谓语动词。 6. very→too。too much 修饰名词 time,而 very much 是用来修饰动词的。 7. affect→affected。此处是被动语态。 8. which→who / that。先行词是 children,指人,故关系代词应该用 who 或 that。 9. for→to。 do harm to sb.是固定词组,意为/"对某人有害/"。 10. 本行无错。 (I) Nowadays, many and more people like traveling, for it has 1. ________ many advantages. The first one is that they can both broaden 2. ________ our horizons and expand our scope of the knowledge. This is 3. ________ because when we visit different places, we would surely have 4. ________ different experiences, as meeting different people and 5. ________ taste different food. The second one is relaxation. After a 6. ________ long period of hard work, we need relax and rest. Only in 7. ________ this way can we renew ours energy. In addition, traveling can 8. ________ build our body, for when we travel, we might have to go on foot 9. ________
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or climb mountain. This is a good form of exercise. 10. ________ (II) My hometown has changed a lot of in the past five years. First, 1. ________ more high buildings have been appeared, which are modern and 2. ________ beautiful. Many overpasses have been set up, but it has become 3. ________ very conveniently for people to travel. Besides, many families 4. ________ have got cars of their own. People lives here have become 5. ________ rich and colorful. People can enjoy themselves traveling 6. ________ on holidays. In my delight, I can taste delicious food from 7. ________ different country such as the food of America, Japan and 8. ________ South Korea. And now, it is easier for me to keep touch 9. ________ with my friends as before, for I can email them from my office. 10. ________ 【答案与解析】 (I) 1. many→more。more and more 表示/"越来越多的/"。 2. they→it。it 指代 traveling。 3. 去掉 the。knowledge 在此处表泛指,其前面不用定冠词。4. would→will。根据上下文的时 态,此处应该用一般将来时态。5. as 前加 such。such as 是固定词组,表示列举事物。6. taste→ tasting。tasting 和 meeting 是并列关系。7. relax 前加 to。need 在此肯定句中是实义动词,后面 接带 to 的动词不定式。8. ours→our。此处应该用形容词性物主代词作定语。9. 本行无错。 10. mountain→mountains。 此处的/"山/"表泛指,应该用名词的复数形式,或在 mountain 前加 a。 (II) 1. 去掉 of。a lot 是副词性短语,在此处作状语;而 a lot of 作定语,后面应该有名词。2. 去掉 been。appear 是不及物动词,不能用于被动语态。3. but→so。此处表因果关系。4. conveniently→convenient。形容词作表语。5. People→People/'s。此处应该用名词所有格作定 语。 本行无错。 In→To。 one/'s delight 是固定词组,意为/"令某人高兴的是/"。 country 6. 7. to 8. →countries。应该用复数形式来表达/"不同的国家/"。 9. keep 后加 in。keep in touch with 是固定词组,意为/"与......保持联系/"。10. as→than。由 上一行的 easier 可知,此处应该用 than。 (I) A survey basing on 1,000 students found that half of the pupils and 80% 1. ________ of the middle school students sleeps less than nine hours every night. 2. ________ And too many homework given by school teachers and parents is 3. ________ the main reason. Other reason lies in students/' bad habits. Some 4. ________ students, for example, are absent-minded while doing his homework, 5. ________ and some waste their after-class time. The third reason is that some 6. ________ students have to get up early on weekdays to get school far away 7. ________ from home. Experts are calling at schools and parents to cut down on 8. ________ the amount of homework. And students should make a good use of their time. 9. ________ And it would be well if they could choose to study in a nearby school. 10. ________ ( II ) Yesterday afternoon I went to the Summer Palace. It was happened that I saw 1. ________ a touched event. At that time, some people were boating on the lake. 2. ________ Among them was a family of three. They were taking photo 3. ________ while the girl fell off the boat into the river. She was struggling 4. ________ and her parents cried out, /"Help! Help!/" That was obvious that they couldn/'t 5. ________ swim at all. From nearby, a young man immediately jumped into the water, 6. ________
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without taking off his clothes. He quickly swam towards girl, 7. ________ that was already tired out. At last, he carried her to the bank. 8. ________ She was saved! How excited the parents were! They were too excited9. ________ and grateful to the young man that they don/'t know what to say. 10. ________ [答案与解析] (I) 1. basing→based。 过去分词作定语。 2. sleeps→sleep。 本句的主语是 pupils 和 students, 谓语动词应该用复数。 many→much。 3. homework 是不可数名词,应该用 much 修饰。 4. Other →Another。此处指/"另一个/",而不是指/"其它的/";others 作定语时,常修饰复数名词。5. his→ their。此处的代词指代前面的名词/"students/",故用 their。 6. 本行无错。 7. 第二个 get 后加 to。get to 意为/"到达/"。8. at→on。call on 是固定词组,意为/"号召/"。 9. 去掉 a。make good use of 是固定词组,意为/"充分利用/"。 10. well→good。well 作形容词用时,指/"身体好/",用在此处不合适。 (II) 1. 去掉 was。It happened that...意为/"碰巧....../",happen 是不及物动词,不能用于被动 语态。 2. touched→touching。 touched 意为/"感动的/",touching 意为/"令人感动的/"。 3. photo →photos。根据语义判断,此处的名词应该用复数。 4. while→when。when 在此处表示动作 的突然性。 5. That→It。It 作形式主语,that they couldn/'t swim at all 是主语从句。 6. 本行无 错。7. girl 前加 the。此处的 girl 表特指。8. that→who。who 引导非限制性定语从句。 9. too →so。全句使用的是 so...that...句型。10. don/'t→didn/'t。根据上文情景,此处应该用一般过去 时态。 (I) It was very fine when I got up on last Sunday morning. 1.________ So I decided to go for a walk and took some photos in the 2.________ beautiful country. After breakfast, I carried my camera with 3.________ me and set off. Everything went smooth. I enjoyed my trip 4.________ so much that I didn/'t realize the weather had been turned 5.________ bad. I began to run and it was too late. I was caught 6.________ at the rain and was wet through. I kept on running until 7.________ I get to a bus stop. I stood there waiting a long time for the 8.________ bus, shivering in cold. Shortly after I got home, I had 9.________ high fever, which made me stay in bed for a whole week! 10.________ (II) My mother was born in a small town in Italian. She was three 1. ________ when her parents settle in the USA in 1926. They lived in 2. ________ Chicago, that my grandfather/'s work was making ice cream. 3. ________ At 16, my mother graduated a high school, went on to a 4. ________ secretarial school , and finally worked as secretary for a 5. ________ railroad company. She was beautiful. When a local photographer 6. ________ used some of her picture in his monthly window display, 7. ________ she was very happily. One of her favorite photos showed her 8. ________ sitting by Lake Michigan. My mother was used 9. ________ to say what she was the most beautiful in the town. 10. ________ [答案与解析] (I) 1. 去掉 on。 名词被 this, that, next, last 等修饰后,其前面一般不用介词。 2. took→take。 take 与 go 是并列关系。 3. 本行无错。 4. smooth→smoothly。副词作状语,修饰 went。 5.
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去掉 been。 turned 在此处是系动词,不用被动语态。 6. and→but。 此处表转折关系。 at→in。 7. 表达/"被雨淋了/"时,常用短语 be caught in the rain, 介词常用 in。8. get→got。根据上下文,此 处应该用动词的一般过去时态。9. in→with。shivering with cold 意为/"冻得浑身发抖/",介词 with 表示原因,意为/"由于/"。 10. high 前加 a。have a high fever 是固定短语,意为/"发高烧/"。 (II) 1. Italian→Italy。此处应该用名词,表示国家/"意大利/"。2. settle→settled。由上下文 可知,此处应该用动词的一般过去时态。 3. that→where。where 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 先行词 Chicago,where 在定语从句中作状语,相当于 in which。 4. graduated 后加 from。graduate 是不及物动词,表达/"毕业于某学校/"时,graduate 后应该 用介词 from。 5. secretary 前加 a。 secretary 是可数名词,其前面应该有冠词 a。 6. 本行无错。 7. picture→pictures。some of 后的名词应该用复数形式,另外,下文也有提示,橱窗里陈列的照 片不止一张。 happily→happy。 8. 这里应该用形容词作表语。9. 去掉 was。 本句使用的是/"used to + 动词原形/",表达/"过去常常....../"。10. what→that。that 引导宾语从句,that 只起连接作 用,that 本身无词义。 (I) The village was always very quiet. The people lived 1. ________ there were busy working in their many field during the day, 2. ________ and went to bed early at night, tiring after a long day/'s 3. ________ hard work. All of them had lived in a village 4. ________ for all their lives but had never left for less than 5. ________ one day at a time. When they did left, they had to get up 6. ________ early in the morning. They filled their carts of 7. ________ fruit, vegetables and sheep and went the market in the town. 8. ________ They returned back in the evening with things, perhaps 9. ________ presents for their children. That was their life. 10. ________ (II) I have a very embarrassing experience this evening. 1. ________ I saw a man at a bus stop when I was on my way back 2. ________ home. Though I saw him from behind, but I was sure he was 3. ________ a friend of mine whom I hadn/' t seen him for a long time. I gave 4. ________ him a tap on the shoulders with my umbrella and shouted to 5. ________ him at the same time. He turned round, completely taking by 6. ________ surprise. Unfortunately, he was my friend but a complete 7. ________ stranger. He was terribly embarrassed, for I didn/'t know 8. ________ how to explain him. I could only say in a low voice, /"I/'m so 9. ________ sorry, sir./" After that I walked away as quickly as possibly. 10. ________ [答案与解析] (I) 1. lived→living 或在 lived 前加 who。 此处应改为现在分词作定语或定语从句。 field 2. →fields。 根据语义,此处应该用名词复数 fields。3. tiring→tired。tired 意为/"劳累的/",而 tiring 意为/"累人的/"。 a→the。 4. 此处的 village 是第二次出现,应该用定冠词表特指。5. less→more。 根据上下文语义,此处应该用 not more than 表示/"不超过/"。 6. left→leave。助动词 did 后应 该用动词原形,did 表强调。 7. of→ with。fill...with 是固定短语。8. went 后加 to。他们车上 装满了水果、蔬菜和羊,到镇上的市场上去卖。 9. 去掉 back。return 意为/"返回/", back 属于 多余用词。10. 本行无错。 (II) 1. have→had。由下文可知,本篇短文叙述的是过去发生的事情,故用动词的一般过去
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时态。 2. 本行无错。 去掉 but。 状语从句中使用了 Though, 主句中就不能再用连词 but。 3. 4. 去 掉 him。 whom 在定语从句中作 hadn/'t seen 的宾语,him 属重复用词。 5. shoulders → shoulder。由 a tap 可知,此处指在肩膀上拍了一下,shoulder 应该用单数形式。 6. taking → taken。 taken by surprise 是固定短语,意为/"大吃一惊/"。 be 此处的 taken 是过去分词,该短语作 状语。 7. was 后加 not。由下文可知,是作者认错人了。 8. He→I。此处应表达/"我很难堪/"。 9. explain 后加 to。 表达/"向某人解释/"时,应该用 explain to sb.。10. possibly → possible。 as...as possible 是固定短语,意为/"尽量......; 尽可能....../"。 (I) It was fine yesterday. The sun was shining in the sky. 1. ________ I went for boating by myself. I didn/'t take any friend with me 2. ________ because I wanted to be alone. I hired a boat and rowing slowly 3. ________ to a center of the lake. A fresh breeze was blowing, 4. ________ fish were swimming and birds were singing. While I reached 5. ________ the center, I took up the paddles(桨)and laid down in the boat. 6. ________ With the blue sky over me or green water around me, 7. ________ I was extremely relaxed. Over two hour passed in this way 8. ________ before I knew it. I came back home very lately. I didn/'t feel 9. ________ tired at all, for I had really had good time. 10. ________ ( II ) In July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong walked on the surface of 1. ________ the moon. He saw that the ground was hard and there were 2. ________ lots of dust that looked as gray powder. He traveled from 3. ________ the earth in a spaceship calling ApolloⅡ. Then, while it stayed 4. ________ in the space and moved around the moon, he climbed into 5. ________ a small lunar module (登月舱). It brought him to the moon. 6. ________ He spent three hours pick up moon rocks. 7. ________ After that, he set equipment to measure the temperature 8. ________ and wind on the moon. After he finished his works, 9. ________ he planted an American flag in the ground. 10. ________ [答案与解析] (I) 1. 本行无错。2. 去掉 for。go doing 是常用的固定词组。3. rowing → rowed。hired 和 rowed 是由 and 连接的两个并列的谓语动词。4. a → the。center 后面有限制性定语修饰, 其前面应该用定冠词。5. While → When / As。当 while 引导时间状语从句时,从句中的谓语 动词应该用延续性动词,而非终止性动词。 6. laid → lay。 动词 lie 表/"躺/"时的过去式是 lay, laid 是动词 lay 的过去式。 7. or → and。此处并非表转折关系。 8. hour → hours。可数名 词 hour 前有数词 two 的修饰,故名词应该用复数形式。 9. lately → late。副词 late 意为/"晚 /";副词 lately 意为/"近来/"。 10. good 前加 a。have a good time 为固定词组。 (II) 1. In → On。在表示具体的日期前,应该用介词 on。2. were → was。dust 是不可数 名词,谓语动词应该用单数。 3. as → like。 look like 是固定词组,意为/"看起来像/"。 4. calling → called。该分词与所修饰的名词之间是动宾关系,故此处用过去分词作定语。 5. 去掉第一 个 the。 space 前一般不用冠词。 6. brought → took。 此处指/"带去/",而不是/"带来/"。 7. pick → picking。spend time (in) doing sth. 是固定句型。 8. set 后面加 up。set up 是固定词组,意 为/"安放/"。 9. works → work。 work 意为/"工作/"时,是不可数名词。10. 本行无错。

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第十一节 倒装与省略 1. 检查是否有该倒装而未倒装的情况。 2. 检查是否有该省略而未省略的情况。 练 习 将下列各句改为倒装句, 并强调划线部分的语气。 1.The defeated army ran away, leaving many wounded soldiers. 2.We can know the past, but we only feel the future. 3.The news impressed me so strongly that I could not utter a word for some time. 4.Our eyes are opened only after we have made a mistake. 5.I have often heard it said that he is not trustworthy. 6.His faithful dog sat by his side. 7.We must in no case imagine that material comfort is the final goal of human happiness. 8.I never expected that the man would turn up at the meeting. 9. I found so many happy people nowhere else. 10. he said good-bye to me and he drove off. 注 释 1. Away ran the defeated army.... 2. ...but the future we only feel. 3. So strongly did the news impress me that.... 4. Only after we have made a mistake are our eyes opened. 5. Often have I heard it said.... 6. By his side sat his faithful dog.... 7. In no case must we imagine.... 8. Never did I expect that.... 9. Nowhere else did I find.... 10. He said good-bye to me, and off he drove. 第九节 连 词 1. 并列句中, 检查并列连词的使用是否正确, 有无遗漏并列连词的情况。 2. 复合句中, 检查从属连词的使用是否正确。 3. 检查主语从句和同位语从句前的连词是否遗漏。 4. 检查有无连词之间的误用, 尤其是 if 和 whether 之间的误用。 练 习 1. We become more and more impatient of interruptions when the years go on. 2. It was not until it began to rain when I noticed his umbrella left in my car. 3. At the age of six, my father took me to the circus for the first time. 4. He acted like he had never been in a museum before. 5. You’ll be permitted to bring a watch so that you may keep track of the time during you are taking the test. 6. It was not long since they made their appearance. 7. It was not so much the amount of the money but the money itself that surprised him. 8. There may not be much choice between this one or that. 9. We must eat for we may live.
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10. Which do you like better, coffee and black tea? 注 释 1. when → as,随着。 2. when → that, It is(was)not until...that 是 not...until 的强调句型。 3. At the age of six → When I was six years old, At the age of six 用于句中是指 my father。 4. like → as if, as if 可以引导虚拟语气的结构。 5. during → while, during 是介词, 不可引导从句。 6. since → before, not long before(不久??就??)。 7. but → as, not so much...as(与其说??不如说)。 8. or → and, between...and...(在??与??之间)。 9. for—that, that(so that, in order that)+may(might)(为了??)表示目的的连接词, 而 for 为表示原因的连接词。 10. and—or, 表示选择。

第十节 从句与一致关系 练 习 1. My roommate lives in a small town in central Missouri, a quiet town which I would like to live myself. 2. The United States is composed of fifty states; two of those are separated from the others by land or water. 3. What far is it from here to the station? 4. They want to know how they can do to help us. 5. —Who’s got all my money? —I do. 6. You smoke again! Why not to give it up? 7. These photos will show you how our village looks like. 8. Someone is at the door. Who is he? 9. —Those shirts are very expensive. —Do you know how they cost? 10. —Who you think is the richest man in this town? —I think Mr. Kim is. 注 释 1. which → where, to live → to live in, live 是不及物动词。 2. of those → of which, those 不是关系代词, 不可引导定语从句。 3. What → How, what 修饰名词, 而 how 修饰形容词、 副词, 用于感叹句。 4. how → what, what 作引导词, 同时作 they can do 中动词 do 的宾语。 5. I do → I have. 6. to give it up → give it up, why not 其后接不带 to 的不定式。 7. how → what, 从句中 looks like 中的 like 是介词, 提问的是 like 后的宾语。 8. he → it. 9. how → how much/what. 10. who you think → who do you think, do you think 是插入语, 去掉插入语, 应 是陈述语序的疑问句。 短文改错综合练习 Exercise 1 It is Sunday today. I have been studying all day long. On 1. _______ the morning, I had dry breakfast. We had no water to2. _______ drink because the water supply had cut off. The water had 3. _______
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come back in the evening. I did maths then. I didn’t stop after 4. _______ 12 o’clock. After a short lunch I had the break. Then I went to5. _______ my Sunday English class. After a long and tired class for more than two hours, I got 6. _______ to home. Some work had been done but some hadn’t. I must 7. _______ review all my subject such as the Sciences and the Humanities, 8. _______ which include Chinese, English, Politics and History as 9. _______ well. That’s terribly! Especially when there was no water. 10. ______ 答案及解析 1. On 改为 In。in the morning 为固定搭配。 2. dry 前加 a。 一般来讲, 三餐前不加任何冠词, 但当三餐前有形容词修饰时, 则 必须在形容词前加不定冠词。如:We usually have breakfast at eight. I have a wonderful breakfast this morning. 3. 第一个 had 后加 been。根据逻辑, 此处应为被动语态。 4. after 改为 until。构成“not...until...”句型。 5. the 改为 a。have a break 意为“休息一会儿” 为固定搭配。 , 6. tired 改为 tiring。tired 为形容词“劳累的” 多用来修饰人; tiring 也为形容词, , 意为“令人劳累的” 用来修饰事物。 , 7. 删去 to。home 为副词。 8. subject 改为 subjects。subject 是可数名词。 9. 此行无错。 10.terribly 改为 terrible。系动词后要用形容词。

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