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高中英语必修1 M1 外研版


科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

高中英语必修 1(外研版)Unit 1 My First Day at Senior High 知识点总结
一、重点词汇 academic
·基本用法 adj. 学术的,学院的,理论的

academic

The new acad

emic year is coming. 新学年就要来了。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 n. 学院;学会;专科院校

academy

I visited Chinese Academy of Sciences yesterday. 我昨天去访问了中国科学院。

enthusiastic
·原文再现

The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly and... 老师们非常热心且友好... ·基本用法 enthusiastic adj. 热心的;热情的

He doesn't know much about this subject, but he's very enthusiastic. 他对这事所知不多,但他非常热心。 ·知识拓展 相关短语 be /become enthusiastic for/about sth. 对某事热心。 1

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
He is enthusiastic about helping others. 他热心助人。

授课教师:金曼曼

He is enthusiastic about pop music. 他热衷于流行音乐。 相关单词 1. enthusiastically adv. 热心地,狂热地

She enthusiastically approved of our plan. 她热情地支持我们的计划。 2. enthusiasm n. 狂热,热心

His refusal iced our enthusiasm. 他的拒绝浇熄了我们的热情。

amazing/amazed
·基本用法 adj. 令人吃惊的;令人惊异的 adj. 吃惊的;感到惊讶的

amazing

amazed

In the Olympic Games, Liu Xiang ran with amazing speed and won the first place. 在奥运会上,刘翔跑得飞快,以惊人的速度赢得了第一。

I was amazed to see how readily I understood. 令我吃惊的是,我竟理解得这么透彻。 ·知识拓展--相关短语 be amazed at... 对...感到惊异

You will be amazed at the progress we have made. 你将会对我们的进展感到有所惊讶。 2

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
brilliant
·基本用法 adj. 极好的;灿烂的;卓越的

授课教师:金曼曼

brilliant

He has got brilliant achievements in the field of physics. 他在物理学方面已经取得了卓越的成就。

The brilliant sun lit up their rooms. 灿烂的阳光照亮了他们的屋子。

The garden was bathed in brilliant sunshine. 花园沐浴在灿烂的阳光之中。

comprehension
·原文再现

She thinks that reading comprehension is important, but we speak a lot in class, too. 她认为阅读理解力重要,但是我们在课堂上也说很多。 ·基本用法 comprehension n. 理解;领悟

Learning Chinese, you must have good comprehension. 学习汉语,必须要有很强的理解力。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 comprehensive adj. 理解的;全面的

The reporter has made a comprehensive report. 记者已做了全面的报道。

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科目:高中英语优学教育中心
instruction
·原文再现

授课教师:金曼曼

Mr Shen gave us instructions and then we worked by ourselves. 沈小姐给我们一些指示,然后由我们自己来工作。 ·基本用法 instruction n. 指令;教导;用法说明

I will take the medicine according to the instructions. 我会按说明来服药的。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 1. instruct v. 教;命令;指导

Don't instruct your secretary to say you are out when you are in. 不要教你的秘书在你在的时候说不在。 2. instructor n. 指导书;教员;指导者

The driving instructor told me to pull up at the post office. 驾驶教练让我在邮局停车。

method
·原文再现

Give an example of your English teacher's teaching method. 给出你英语老师教学方法的例子。 ·基本用法 method n. 方法

I have a simple and easy method. 我有个简易的方法。 4

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

New methods of teaching foreign languages are adopted in this institute. 该学院采用新的外语教学法。 ·知识拓展--词义辨析: means/way/method 1. means: 指为达到某种目的或目标而采用的方法,手段或途径。

We must help him by all possible means. 我们必须想尽一切可能的办法来帮助他。 2. way: 普通用词,可指一般的方法,有时也指个人的方法或方式,也可指特殊的方式或方法。

I worked out this problem in this way. 我用这种方法算出了这道题。 3. method: 指有系统,有条理地办事或解决问题的方法。

Don't deal with different things with the same method. 不要用同一种方法处理不同的问题。

bored/boring
·原文再现

I don't think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class. 我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的。 ·基本用法 adj. 厌烦的,无聊的 adj. 令人厌烦的

bored

boring

Doing anything all day long will come to nothing but get us bored. 整天做一件事只会把人弄烦。

It is boring to listen to the same story. 听相同的故事是令人厌烦的。 5

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
·知识拓展--相关短语 be bored with 对...感到厌烦

授课教师:金曼曼

I was bored with work not equal to my abilities. 我对于那些跟自己能力不相称的工作感到厌倦。

embarrassed/embarrassing
·原文再现

Some students were embarrassed at first but everyone was very friendly and it was really nice. 起初,一些学生很尴尬,但是每一个人都非常友好并且真的很友善。 ·基本用法 embarrassed adj. 尴尬的,难堪的;困窘的 embarrassing adj. 令人尴尬的,令人难堪的

He is embarrassed because he made a mistake. 他因为弄错而显得很窘。

It is embarrassing that our streets are so dirty. 我们的街道这么脏真叫人难堪。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 1. embarrass vt. 使局促不安;使困窘;阻碍 I won’t embarrass you in front of your friends. 我不会在你的朋友面前使你丢丑。 2. embarrassment n. 难堪;使人为难的人或事物

He's an embarrassment to his family. 他叫家里人难堪。

attitude
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科目:高中英语优学教育中心
·原文再现

授课教师:金曼曼

I like her attitude very much, and the behavior of the other students shows that they like her, too. 我非 常喜欢他的态度,而且其它学生的行为也表现了他们非常喜欢她。 ·基本用法 attitude n. 态度;看法 (attitude 后常接 towards/to,指“对于……的态度,看法”)

What is your attitude towards the question? 你对这个问题的态度如何?

She shows a very positive attitude to/ towards her work. 她工作态度非常积极。

behavior
·原文再现

I like her attitude very much, and the behavior of the other students shows that they like her, too. 我非常喜欢他的态度,而且其它学生的行为也表现了他们非常喜欢她。 ·基本用法 behavior n. 行为,举动

His behavior was, in a word, shocking. 总之,他的行为是令人震惊的。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 behave v. 表现;行为;举止

I'll trust you to behave responsibly while I'm out. 我相信你在我外出期间会认真办事的。

Parents should educate their children to behave well. 父母应当教育子女守规矩。 7

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
previous
·原文再现

授课教师:金曼曼

There are sixty-five students in my class--more than my previous class in Junior high. 我们班上有 65 个学生,比我们初中原来班上的人数多。 ·基本用法 previous adj. 以前的;从前的

Have you had previous career experience? 你过去有过工作经验吗?

description
·原文再现

We have to write a description of the street where we live. 我们要写一个我们所住街道的描述。 ·基本用法 description n. 记述;描述

He gave a description of what he had seen. 他描述了他所见到的一切。 ·知识拓展 相关单词 vt. 描述,形容;描绘

describe

Words cannot describe the beauty of the scene. 语言难以描述那景色之美丽。

相关短语 8

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
beyond description 难以形容,无法形容

授课教师:金曼曼

The play was dull beyond description. 那场戏无聊得难以形容。

The scenery there was beautiful beyond description. 那儿的风景美得难以形容。

impress
·原文再现

Li Kang is very impressed with the teachers and the technology in his new school. 李康对他新学校的老师和科技印象深刻。 ·基本用法 impress vt. 使印象深刻

What impresses you most when you go to IKEA? 您去宜家时以下哪一项对您影响最深刻?

His words impressed deeply on my memory. 他的话深深地印在我的脑海里。

I was very impressed by his story. 他的故事深深打动了我。

·知识拓展 相关短语 1. be impressed by/with... 对...印象深刻;被...所感动 (impress sb. with sth. 给某人留下...印象)

I was greatly impressed by/with the headmaster's speech. 我被校长的话深深地感动了。 9

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
2. impress on/upon sb. (+ that)

授课教师:金曼曼

My father impressed on me the value of hard work. 我父亲叫我牢记勤奋工作的价值。

His parents tried to impress on him that it is necessary to be honest. 他父亲尽力让他牢记正直的必要性。 相关单词 1. impression n. 印象,感想

Her gentleness has given me a deep impression. 她的亲切给我留下了很深的印象。 2. impressive adj. 使人印象深刻的

His collection of paintings is the most impressive. 他的绘画收藏令人叹为观止。

correction
·基本用法 correction n. 改正,纠正

The correction of all my mistakes took nearly an hour. 我用了近一个小时才改完我的全部错误。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 1. correct v. 改正,纠正

She criticizes him. She is trying to correct his bad habits. 她批评他,想纠正他的坏习惯。 2. correct adj. 正确的;得体的

Your answer to the question is correct. 10

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
你对这个问题的回答是正确的。 3. incorrect adj. 不正确的

授课教师:金曼曼

The statement was proven incorrect. 这种说法证明是不正确的。

Your pronunciation is incorrect. 你的发音是错误的。 4. incorrectly adv. 不正确地

But when it handles the question incorrectly, it moves a step backward. 而如果是不正确地处理这个问题,它会后退一步。

encouragement
·基本用法 encouragement n. 鼓励;激励

Her encouragement gave me a great sense of uplift. 她鼓励我激发了我的上进心。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 1. encourage vt. 鼓励;使有勇气

Her success encouraged me to try the same thing. 她的成功鼓励我尝试做同样的事。 adj. 令人鼓舞的;鼓励的,奖励的

2. encouraging

The meeting ended up with an encouraging song. 会议以鼓舞人心的歌曲结束。 3. encouraged adj. 受到鼓舞的

He felt encouraged by his progress in his studies. 11

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
他由于自己学习上的进步而受到鼓舞。

授课教师:金曼曼

enjoyment
·基本用法 enjoyment n. 享受;乐趣

I didn't get much enjoyment out of that novel. 我并没有从那本小说里得到多少乐趣。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 1. enjoy v. 享受;欣赏;喜欢

Now that I am free, I can enjoy music for a while. 既然有空,我可以享受一下音乐。

How did you enjoy the concert? 你喜欢那场音乐会吗? 2. enjoyable adj. 快乐的;令人愉快的

We had a most enjoyable journey. 我们有一次非常愉快的旅行。

fluency
·基本用法 fluency n. 流利,流畅

He knows only a little French, so he speaks without any fluency. 他仅懂一点法语,所以他说起来一点都不流畅。

He speaks English with great fluency. 他英语说的很流利。 ·拓展知识 12

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
相关单词 1. fluent adj. 流利的,流畅的

授课教师:金曼曼

Jim can speak fluent Chinese. 吉姆能说流利的汉语。 2. fluently adv. 流利地,流畅地

Our teacher asked us to recite the text fluently. 老师要求我们流利地背诵课文。 相关短语 be fluent in 在....(方面)流利

Candidates must be fluent in two European languages. 候选人必须能流利地说两种欧洲语言。

misunderstanding
·基本用法 misunderstanding n. 误解;误会

It's no more than a misunderstanding. 这只是个误会。

I must weigh my words to avoid any misunderstanding. 我须字斟句酌免生误解。

I am afraid there is some misunderstanding here. 对不起,在这点上有些误解。 ·知识拓展 相关单词 misunderstand vt. 误解;误会 13

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
I think the couple misunderstood each other. 我认为这对夫妇未能真正互相了解。 反义词 understanding n. 理解;理解力

授课教师:金曼曼

The problem is beyond my understanding. 这个问题我无法理解。

disappointed/disappointing
·基本用法 disappointed adj. 失望的(一般用于修饰人或人的面部表情) disappointing adj. 令人失望的

A disappointed look came into his face. 他脸上浮现出一种失望的神情。

We are disappointed that you will not be able to come. 你不能前来,我们很失望。

I must say it is the disappointing news. 我得说这消息令人失望。 ·知识拓展--相关单词 1. disappoint vt. 使失望

I'm sorry to disappoint your expectation. 很遗憾,我辜负了你的期望。 2. disappointment n. 失望;沮丧

To our great disappointment, she did not come that day. 使我们大失所望的是,她那天没来。 14

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
disappear
·原文再现

授课教师:金曼曼

The smell disappeared quite quickly, but I still remember it. 这张味道很快就消失了,但是我仍然记得它。 ·基本用法 disappear vi. 消失;不见

My wallet has disappeared from the table. 我放在桌子上的钱包不见了。 ·知识拓展 相关单词 disappearance n. 不见;消失

Scientists try to explain their disappearance. 科学家试着解释它们消失的原因。 反义词 appear vi. 出现;出版

His book appears on the market. 他的书出版了。

An article about him appeared in the paper. 一篇有关他的文章在报上发表。

assistant
·原文再现

There's an assistant teacher called Miss Wang. 有一个叫王小姐的助理老师。 15

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
·基本用法 assistant n. 助手,助理

授课教师:金曼曼

She is an assistant teacher in our school. 她是我们学校的助理教员。 When the shop is busy,he employs an assistant. 商店忙的时候他就雇一名助手。

·知识拓展--相关单词 1. assist v. 帮助,协助 ,assist sb. in doing sth.意为:帮助某人做某事。

A team of nurses assisted the doctor in performing the operation. 一组护士协助医生施行手术。 2. assistance n. 援助,帮助;辅助设备

I can't move this piano without assistance. 没有人帮忙,我可挪不动这架钢琴。

cover
·原文再现

Secondary school in the US usually covers seven years, grades six to twelve. 美国的中学通常包含了七年,六年级到 12 年级。 ·基本用法 v. 包含;占(面积);报导;覆盖

1. cover

This city covers (an area of) ten square miles. 这个城市占地 10 平方英里。

This event will be covered live by TV. 16

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
此事将由电视作现场报道。

授课教师:金曼曼

She covered her knees (up) with a blanket. 她把毯子盖在膝盖上。

We covered about 30 miles a day. 我们每天大约走三十英里。 2. cover n. 封面,封皮;盖子;掩蔽物

when the water boils, take the cover from the pot. 水开时,揭开锅盖。

Different books have different kinds of covers. 不同的书有不同类别的封面。 ·知识拓展--相关短语 cover one's nervousness/embarrassment 掩饰紧张心情/窘态 cover one's track 隐匿踪迹

be similar to
·基本用法 be similar to 跟...相类似;和...差不多

Are Senior High teachers similar to Junior High teacher? 高中老师和初中老师相似吗?

This dictionary is similar to that one. 这本字典跟那本差不多。

Sorry to have taken your umbrella by mistake. It's because my umbrella is similar to yours. 很抱歉错拿了你的雨伞, 这是因为我的雨伞和你的很相似。 ·知识拓展 17

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
相关短语 be similar in 在.....方面相似

授课教师:金曼曼

They are similar in characters. 他们在性格方面相似。 相关单词 similarity n. 类似;相似点 similarly adv. 类似地;相似地

nothing like
·基本用法 nothing like 一点儿也不像;没有什么能比得上

The course was nothing like what I had expected. 这门课程一点也不像我期待的那样。

It looks nothing like a monkey. 它一点也不像猴子。

There is nothing like you and I. 没有什么能比得上你和我。 ·知识拓展--相关短语 1. something like 大约;有点(像)

She looks something like your sister. 她看上去有点像你姐姐。 2. anything like (多用于疑问句)多少有点(像)

Was the film anything like the book? 这部电影跟书中写的多少有点相似吧? 18

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
3. more like 倒更像是

授课教师:金曼曼

It is more like a snake. 它更像是一条蛇。

in other words
·基本用法 in other words 换句话说,换言之

You failed the exam this time. In other words, you didn't pass the exam this time. 你这次没有通过考试。换句话说,你这次考试没及格。 ·知识拓展--词义辨析:in a word/ in words 1. in a/one word 与 in words in a/one word 意思是“简言之,总之”。 一般作插入语,通常位于句首,用逗号与句子隔开。 In a word, we must learn English well. 总之,我们必须学好英语。 2. in words 意思是“用语言;口头上”,也可以写为 with words,通常位于句末。

I can't describe it in/with words. 我无法用语言来描述它。

I do not want you simply to promise me in/ with words that you will be good students. 我并不想要你们只在口头上答应我你们要做好学生。

make progress
·基本用法 make progress (in....) (在某方面)取得进步 (注意:progress 为不可数名词)

She is eager to make progress in her work. 她急切地想在工作上取得进步。 19

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

To make progress in English study, first you should listen and read a lot. 要想在英语学习方面取得进步,首先你应该多听和多读。

With the teacher's help, we've made great progress. 在老师的帮助下,我们已经取得了很大的进步。

二、重点句型 We are using a new textbook and Ms Shen's method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school. 我们在使用新教材,沈老师的授课方法和我初中老师的完全不同。
·基本用法 句中...that of...的 that 为代词,替代 the method of teaching。that 通常用来代替前面出现的单数可数名 词或 不可数名词,主要用来避免重复。 注意:that 用作代词,指上文提到的人或事物,且需一个后置定语来修饰,此时 that 不可省;比较级中 只用 that,而且 that 只能代替事物,不能代替人。

Their cotton output of 2012 was double than that of 2011.

Mary's handwriting is far better than that of Peter.

The weather of Guangzhou is hotter than that of Beijing. ·出题建议 搜索相关题目时,输入关键词“that”。

I don't think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class. 我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的。
·基本用法

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科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

句子中 don't think 是否定转移, not 在实际含义上是否定宾语从句的谓语,形式上是否定前置了。用于 这种结构的动词还有 suppose,believe, imagine,expect 等。 I'm sorry,but I don't think I know you. 对不起,我想我并不认识你。

I don't believe he'll come. 我想他是不会来的。

In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 换句话说,女生人数是男生人数的三倍。
·基本用法 1. as......as 意为“和.....一样”,表示同级比较,中间加形容词或副词原形。

This film is as interesting as that one. 这部电影和那部电影一样有趣。

Your pen writes as smoothly as mine. 你的钢笔写起来和我的一样流畅。 其否定形式是:not as/so +adj./adv. + as.

This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think. 这本字典不如你想想的那样有用。 2. 倍数表达法常用的几种形式: A + is...times +as + adj.(原级)+ as + B A + is...times + adj. (比较级)+ than + B

A + is...times + the size/length/width/depth/height....of B

Asia is four times as large as Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 21

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
Our school is three times bigger than yours. 我们学校比你们学校大三倍。

授课教师:金曼曼

The new building is four times the size/height of the old one. 这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大/四倍高。

They say that girls are usually more hardworking than boys, but in this class, everyone is hardworking. 据说女孩要比男孩学习努力,而在这个班,人人都很努力。
·基本用法 they say that...= People say that “...据说...”,that 引导的是宾语从句;...more hardworking than boys... 是比较级形式;并列连词 but 连接了表示转折意思的两个并列分句。 ·知识拓展 本句可以改写为:

That girls are usually more hard-working than boys is said by them. 此时 that 引导的主语从句,为了避免主语过长,可以用形式主语 it 代替,因此,还可以改写为:

It is said that girls are usually more hard-working than boys. it 作形式主语的句型还有: It is believed/reported/hoped/thought/suggested/required...+that 从句。

It is believed that at least a score of buildings have been destroyed. 人们相信,至少有 20 栋楼房糟毁。

It is required that the new law should be passed. 人们要求通过这部新法律。

Mr Davies gave us a lot of encouragement----he made us feel really good about being there.
22

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

戴维斯先生给了我们很大的鼓励----他使得我们在那里感觉很好。
·基本用法 make sb do sth. “使某人做某事”,make 后跟不带 to 的不定式,类似的动词还有 let,have 等。 变为 被动结构时,要加 to。

The teachers made us finish the homework on time. 老师让我们按时完成作业。 被动结构:We were made to finish the homework on time.

The school year is divided into two semesters, the first of which is September through December, and the second January through May. 一学年有两个学期,第一学期是九月份到十二月份,第二学期是元月份到五月份。
·基本用法 1. the first of which.....是非限制性定语从句,对前面的句子起补充说明作用,which 是关系代词, 指代 two semesters.

China has thousands of islands, the largest of which is Taiwan. 中国有数千个岛屿,其中最大的是台湾岛。 2. and the second January through May 是省略形式, 完整形式应为 and the second of which is January through May. 省略了跟前一个分句相同的成分。 ·知识拓展 在“介词+关系词”引导的定语从句中,介词后面的关系词不能省略;that 前不能有介词;某些在从句中充 当 时间,地点或原因状语的“介词+关系词”结构有时可以同关系副词 when, where, why 互换。 There are forty students in our class in all,most of whom are from big cities. 我们班有四十名学生,大多数来自大城市。 23

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

There are two buildings,the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high. 有两座大楼,其中那个较大的接近一百英尺高。

Last year, he returned to his hometown, where/ in which he grew up. 去年,他回到了自己的家乡,他是在那里长大的。

三、重点语法 一般现在时
·定义 主要用来表示人、事物的现在状况和特点;表示经常或习惯性的动作,句子中常有 often, always, from time to time 等时间状语;表示客观规律和永恒真理等。 构成: 肯定:主语+ do/does +其它 否定:主语+ do/does not +其它 疑问:Do/Does +主语 + 动词原词 +其它? 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ do/does +主语 +动词原形? ·用法 1. 表示经常性,习惯性,永久性的动作或存在的状态,通常与副词 sometimes, often, usually, always, every day (year, month ), once (twice, three times) a day, 等时间状语连用。

They usually go to school by bike.

I take the medicine three times a day.

She helps her mother once a week. Mary’s father is a policeman.

There are 50 students in my class. 2. 表示客观真理,科学原理,自然现象,等客观事实或格言,谚语等。

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west every day. 24

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

The man who has never been to the Great Wall is not a real man.

Tomorrow is Tuesday.

现在进行时
·定义 表示说话时或目前一段时间内正在进行的动作或存在的状态;或者表示感情色彩,加强语气,如 always, constantly, continually, again 等连用表示说话人的某种感情色彩(赞叹、厌烦、埋怨等)。 构成: 肯定:主语+ be 动词(am/is/are)+doing... 否定:主语+ be 动词 not(am/is/are)+doing... 疑问:be 动词 (am/is/are)+主语 + doing... ? 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ be 动词 (am/is/are)+ 主语 + doing....? ·用法 1. 表示现在(指说话人说话时)正在发生的事情。往往与 now, at the moment, just 等副词连用,以示 强调。 We are waiting for you. What are you doing? Some one’s knocking at the door . 2. 正在进行着的动作可视为未完成的动作。 He’s talking to his friends in the classroom. 可用 still 一词强调动作的持续性 He’s still talking to his friends in the classroom. 3. 表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。

Mr. Black is writing another article. Don’t take that book away. Your father’s using it. She is learning piano under Mr. Black.、 4. 现在进行时可用来表示不会长期发生的动作或情况, 或被认为在短期内正在进行的动作或存在的情况。 25

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

What’s your brother doing these days? He’s studying English at Oxford University. 5. 现在进行时也可以用来表示当前的动向。

People are becoming more and more beautiful these days. 6. 表示渐变的动词有:become, turn, get, grow, run, go, begin 等。

The leaves are turning brown. It’s getting colder and colder. 7. 与 always, constantly, forever 等词连用, 表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态, 往往带有说话人的 主观色彩。

You are always changing your mind. 8. 现在进行时(以及 be going to)可以表示为将来安排好的活动和事件。用 arrive, come, go, leave 等 动词 的现在进行时描写行程安排,也通常有“将到达”和“将离去”的意思。如:He’s arriving tomorrow morning. 9. 当现在进行时表示某事发生的次数过多时,则有时含有抱怨,讨厌,赞扬等的意思。 He is always singing at night, and we can’t fall asleep late at night.

辨析:现在进行时/一般现在时

1.

表示在经常性、习惯性的动作或永久性的状态,用一般现在时;表示现

在暂时性的动作,用现在进行时。 The computer works perfectly/ is working perfectly. 这台电脑运行得非常好/现在运行得非常好。 2. 表示短暂性的动作, 用一般现在时; 表示持续性的动作, 用现在进行时。

The bus stops/ is stopping. 汽车迅速停下/渐渐停下。 3. 说明事实,用一般现在时;表示感情色彩,用现在进行时。
26

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

Jane does/is always doing well at college. 简在大学学习很好/总是学得很好。

以-ed 和-ing 结尾的形容词
·用法 在英语中常有一些动词的现在分词和过去分词可以转化为形容词,以-ing 结尾的常表示“令人...”,用来说 明 主语的性质、特征、内容等,其主语多为物也可能是人;而-ed 结尾的常常表示人的某种感情或情绪,含 有“某人感到......”之意,用来说明主语的状态,主语多为人。如: This is a disappointing result. 这是一个令人失望的结果。

How disappointing you are! 你真令人失望啊!

She was disappointed with the result. 她对结果感到很失望。

原则上来说,由-ed 分词转化来的形容词表被动含义,有-ing 分词转化来的形容词表主动含义,如: a broken heart 破碎的心 an interesting book 有趣的书 falling leaves 下落的树叶

Everyone was moved by the moving story. 大家都被这个感人的故事感动了。 27

科目:高中英语优学教育中心
You may be worried if you have a worrying problem. 假若你有一个令人担忧的问题,你可能会感到担忧。 -ed 形式与-ing 形式形容词归纳:

授课教师:金曼曼

excited//exciting

(be excited about)

surprised//surprising (be surprised at)

amazed//amazing (be amazed at)

embarrassed//embarrassing (be embarrassed in)

encouraged//encouraging

(be encouraged at/by)

frustrated//frustrating

(be frustrated of)

interested//interesting

(be interested in)

thrilled//thrilling

(be thrilled at)

terrified//terrifying

(be terrified at/of/with)

pleased//pleasing

(be pleased with)

satisfied//satisfying

(be satisfied with)

frightened//frightening

(be frightened at/of)

tired//tiring

(be tired of)

bored//boring

(be bored with)

relaxed//relaxing (没有固定搭配)

fascinated//fascinating

(be fascinated by)

annoyed//annoying

(be annoyed with)

moved//moving

(be moved by)

worried//worrying

(be worried about)

confused//confusing

(be confused about) 28

科目:高中英语优学教育中心

授课教师:金曼曼

29


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