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人教版必修一第一单元重点短语及其句型


必修 1

Unit1

1、把你的分数加起来 add up your score 增添了我们的困难 add to our difficulties 总计 100 美元 add up to 100 dollars 除…之外还有 in addition to 2、为…心烦 be upset about/over/at… 打乱安排 upset an arrangement 3、无视铃声/交通规则 ignore the bell/the traffic rules 对…不知情 be ignorant of/about 4、让你的朋友冷静 calm/cool/settle your friend down 5、担心他的安全 be concerned about/for his safety 与…有关;涉及 be concerned with 就…而言 as/so far as sb/sth be concerned 头等大事 the primary concern 关于公司的前途 concerning the future of the firm 6、遛狗 walk the dog 送我回家 walk me home 7、期末考试作弊被抓 be caught cheating in the end of term exam/in the final exam 8、经历这样一个困难时期 go through such a difficult time 仔细查看邮件/帐目 go through the mail/accounts 用光他的工资 go through his salary 结束,完成手术 go/ get through the operation 9、记下一系列事实 set down a series of facts 10、对与自然有关的一切狂热 be/grow crazy about everything to do with nature 11、让我着迷 keep me spellpound/fascinated/attracted 12、碰巧在楼上 happen to be upstairs 碰巧在查找我的电话号码 happen to be looking up my phone 你怎么呢?what (has) happened to you? 13、在黄昏/傍晚/午夜/黎明 at dusk/sunset/midnight/dawn 14、透过脏兮兮的窗帘观看大自然 look at nature through dirty curtains 拉上窗帘 draw/pull/close the curtains 拉开窗帘 draw(back)/pull back the curtains 15、太多的家具 far too much furniture 比我预料的贵得多 be far more expensive than I expect 16、毁了整个村庄 destroy the entire village 浪费整整一天 waste an entire day 我的一生 my entire life 我完全同意你的看法 I entirely agree with you. 17、有做…的能力 have the power to do/of sth 某人力所能及 within one’s power 掌握/重掌政权 come/return to power 当权 be in power 停电 a power failure/cut 18、面对面 face to face 面对危险 in the face of/faced with/facing danger 朝南 face south 19、把垃圾带扎紧 tie up a gabage bag 松开了 get loose 20、舒适地坐下;定居下来 settle down 解决争端 settle a dispute 开始认真做 settle (down) to sth 迁入新居,习惯于(新的家/工作)settle in 习惯于/适应新学校 settle into the new school 21、遭受孤独/患病 suffer from loneliness/a disease 遭 受 巨 大 损 失 suffer great/huge losses 学业日渐退步 His school work is suffering. 22、从感冒中恢复 recover from a cold 经济开始复苏 The economy is beginning to recover. 恢复知觉/视力 recover/restore one’s consciousness/sight 重新找回失窃的画 recover the stolen painting 再次领先 recover the lead 痊愈 make a full recovery 23、对…厌倦 get/be tired/sick of; be bored / fed up with 疲惫不堪 be tired out 因…而累 be tired from/with 24、打包装箱 pack up the things in the suitcase 用报纸仔细包裹这花瓶 have the vase carefully packed in newspaper 涌入体育场 pack/pour/crowd/flood into the stadium 用后收拾好 pack/put sth away

一盒香烟/口香糖 a pack of cigarettes/gum 避开一群记者 avoid a pack of journalists 25、 与…相处; 进展 get along /on with 26、 一见钟情 fall in love with each other at first sight 27、因…感激××be grateful to sb for sth 28、与××在…上有分歧 disagree with sb about/over sth 这是我不同意的地方 This is where I disagree. 29、参加活动 join in the activity 入团/入伍/加入俱乐部 join the league /the army/the club 与××一道做…join sb in (doing) sth 30、指尖/树梢 the tips of your finger /the tree 买电脑的几点有用建议(指点)handy tips for buying a computer 几个省钱的窍门儿 useful tips on how to save money 给服务员很多小费 leave/give the waiter a generous tip 话在嘴边(却一时想不起来)on the tip of your tongue (问题的)冰山一角 the tip of the iceberg 船向一边倾斜 The boat tipped to one side. 把脏水倒入下水道 tip the dirty water down the drain 记得给小费 remember to tip the waiter 31、换座位 swap places /seats 把我的粉围巾换成紫色 swap my pink scarf for a purple one 咱调个班吧 Let’s do a swap. 32、做…有困难 have difficulty/trouble/a hard time in doing 1. When he borrowed it last time, he broke it and you had to pay to get it repaired. 2. The family are all concerned about her safety. 3. She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered. 4. There was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That has changed since I was here. 5. It was the first time in a year and a half that I had seen the night face to face. It is the second time that John has help an art exhibition. 6. It is no pleasure looking through these any longer. It is no use talking to him. 7. What she really missed was going outdoors and walking the dog for her neighbor. 8. It was such fun to watch it run loose in the park. 9. I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. 10. You are having some trouble in making friends. 11. It is a good habit to keep a diary. 12. Your friend comes to school very upset. 13. Henry’s job is something to do with publishing. What she is doing is nothing to do with his work. 14. It was far more expensive than I expected. 15. Kohl happened to notice her while she was struggling in the water. 16. Mother asked her if she was very hot with so many clothes on.


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