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科目:高一·英语 主备人:李小鹏 审核人:周春娥 定稿时间:2012 年 9 月 11 日




field. --- Yes. I know him very well. He _____ in Africa with wild animals for eight years. A. has worked B. had worked C. worked D. has been working

第 3 课时(总 5 课时)
【目标要求】 [学习目标]


1. 了解动词的常见时态 2. 掌握常考动词时态
[学习重点] ▲常用动词时态 [学习难点]常考的动词时态 【过程方法】 [预习导航]

【考点三、一般过去时与过去进行时的区别问题】 [典型例题 1] The reporter said that the UFO _____ east to west when he saw it. A. was traveling travel [典型例题 2] --- Has your brother finished with that book? --- 4 A. read --- I have no idea. He ______ it last night. B. was reading C. have read D. had been read B. traveled C. had been traveling D. was to

一 【考点一、一般过去时与现在完成时得区别问题】 [典型例题 1] --- Nice to see you back! How long _____ you _____ in Russia?

班 学生姓名

months. A. did; stay B. have; stayed C. have; been staying D. do; stay --- Yes. I

【考点四、现在完成时与现在完成进行时的区别问题】 [典型例题]--- You haven’t finished your homework yet, haven’t you? --- No, I ______ it the whole morning.

[典型例题 2] --- Have you graduated from Beijing University? ______ there for 4 years.

A. have studied

B. studied

C. had studied

D. have been studying

A. have been doing

B. have done

C. had done

D. did


【考点二、 一般过去时与过去完成时的区别问题】 [典型例题 1] --- Was Tom there when you arrived? soon afterwards. A. had gone B. has gone C. is going D. went --- Yes, but he ______ home

【考点五、一般现在时与现在进行时的区别问题】 [典型例题 1] I ____ ping-pang quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the new year. A. played B. will play C. have played D. play


[典型例题 2] The traffic accident wouldn’t have happened yesterday, but the driver ____ really careless. A. had been B. is C. were D. was

[典型例题 2] --- Your son looks too thin for his age. --- He could have gained more weight. But he _____ much. A. isn’t eating B. doesn’t eat C. haven’t eaten D. hadn’t eaten

[典型例题 3] --- The returned Chinese scholar has become one of the top experts in this



科目:高一·英语 主备人:李小鹏 审核人:周春娥 定稿时间:2012 年 9 月 11 日



这里有点儿乱。能表示将来概念的形式比较多。能排上号的就有 6 种。它们是: ① will/shall do… ② be going to do… ③ be about to do… when… ④ be doing… ⑤ does… ⑥ be to do…
[预习反馈] 1、 2、 [探究释疑] 【一般现在时】

Don’t hurry! Your train leaves at 9 and you have plenty of time. 【一般过去时】 1、表示过去时间内发生的动作或存在的状态,或者表示过去时间内连续发生 的几种动作。常与表示过去时间的状语 yesterday, last week, half an hour ago, in 1995, between 1990 and 1993 等连用。例如: The young couple met only three weeks ago, instantly fell in love, and now they got married yesterday. 从上面几个例句可以看出,一般过去时只和过去有关,绝对不可能与现在的时 间有任何牵连。这一点是非常重要的。 2、和一般现在时在条件、时间状语从句中代替一般将来时一样,一般过去时 在这两个状语从句中代替过去将来时。例如: They told me they would go to New Zealand for holiday when they received their salaries. 【过去进行时】 1、表示在过去某一时刻或过去某一阶段中正在进行中的动作,例如: My parents were cleaning my room when I came home last night. She was working as a nurse in a clinic when I last met her. The car was rushing east to west when it ran into a street lamp pole. 2、瞬间动词如 go, come, start, leave, arrive, die 等的过去进行时可以表示在过去 看来马上要发生的动作。例如: --- Jack, dinner is ready. --- I’m coming.

1、表示经常或习惯性的动作,或现在存在的状态(能力、特征、职务、身份、 籍贯等) 。经常与 every day(year, week…), usually, often, sometimes, always 等状语连 用。例如: My neighbor works on China Daily as a reporter. 2、表示永恒的状态或真理。例如: The moon moves around the sun once every month. 从上面两条可以看出,一般现在时通常没有时间的阶段性,所以一般不会和诸 如 until, before, for 3 days 这样的状语连用。 3、动词 go, come, start, begin, leave, arrive, return, be 等的一般现在时,可用来代 替将来时,表示事先已计划安排好的将要发生的动作或状态。例如: His flight arrives at 8 o’clock tomorrow morning. The live football match starts at midnight tonight.

I thought the dog was dying. They sent me a message saying that they were leaving.


科目:高一·英语 主备人:李小鹏 审核人:周春娥 定稿时间:2012 年 9 月 11 日



【现在完成时】 1、表示一个过去发生的动作到现在为止已经完成或刚刚完成。例如: I have painted all the rooms. They have lived here for three generations. The three brothers have used up all their money. 2、表示过去发生的动作对现在的结果或影响。例如: I have returned the books to the library. So you have to go there for them. She have lost her keys and has to wait for her husband to come back. 【过去完成时】 老师们通常把过去完成时所表示的时间成为“过去的过去” 。重要的一点是我们 必须明白过去完成时是一个相对的时态,只是同过去的某一动作相比较时,才能使 用这一时态。其基本用法如下: 1、 表示在过去某一点时间以前或在过去某一动作以前已经完成的动作。这 个过去的时间可以用 by, before 等介词短语或一个时间状语从句来表示。 例如: The boy had learned 5000 words before he entered university. The fire had been put out by the time firefighters arrived. My wife had sold my books when I came back for them. 2、 表示从过去某一时间开始的动作或状态,一直延续到过去的另一个时间, 常和由 for, since 构成的时间状语连用。例如: They had worked on the project for three months when I joined them. 3、 在叙述过去发生的事情时,常用过去完成时来追叙更早发生的事。例如:

[精练拓展]1. The sun ________ in the east. A. is always rising B. always is rising C. rises always D. always rises

2. I’m Japanese. Where ________ from? A. do you come B. you are coming C. you come D. are you coming

3. I haven’t met him for ages, but his mother ________ him sometimes. A. had still seen B. still sees C. has still seen D. still saw

4. We will start as soon as our team leader________ . A. comes B. will come C. come D. is coming

5. My father ________ George quite well; they were introduced at a party. A. is knowing B. was knowing C. knows D. had been knowing

6. I ________ some newspaper at seven yesterday evening. A. am reading B. read C. was reading D. will read

7. Now he ________ a book about New York. I don’t think he will finish it. A. writes B. wrote C. has written D. is writing

8. He usually listens to the radio, but at the present moment he ________ television. A. watches B. is watching C. has watched D. had watched

9. It ________ hard when I left my house. A. is raining B. rains C. was raining D. will rain

10. Don’t talk so loudly. Your father ________ . A. sleeps B. is sleeping C. slept D. had slept

11. He ________ thin. A. was getting B. is getting C. will getting D. had been got

Bill was fire for no reason last week. He had worked in the company for 10 years.

12. Our team ________ every match so far this year, but we still have three games to play.


科目:高一·英语 主备人:李小鹏 审核人:周春娥 定稿时间:2012 年 9 月 11 日



A. was winning

B. has won

C. had won

D. wins

23. He________ his watch. Have you seen it anywhere? A. lost B. lose C. has lost D. had lost

13. I shall tell you what he ____at three o’clock yesterday afternoon. A. has done B. has been done C. had been doing D. was doing

24. When I was a little boy my father ________ me the earth is round. A. tells B. has told C. had told D. told

14. I ________ this coat for very long. It still looks quite new. A. wasn’t having B. haven’t had C. hadn’t D. haven’t been having

25. Our teacher ________ to Beijing three times. A. went B. had done C. has gone D. has been

15. ________ reading the book yet? A. Have you finished C. Had you finished B. Were you finishing D. Are you finishing


16. The evening party ________ .You are a little late. A. just began B. just has begun C. has just begun D. has begun just now

1. --- Sorry to have interrupted you. Please go on. --- You ______ you didn’t like your father’s job. A. had said B. said C. were saying

--- Where was I ?

17. The dog is still wet. It ________ out of the rain. A. only just comes C. was only just come B. has only just coming D. has only just come

D. had been saying

2. I arrived late; I ______ the road to be so icy. A. wouldn’t expect expecting 3. Let’s keep to the point or we ____ any decisions. A. will never reach
D. went away from

B. haven’t expected

C. hadn’t expected

D. wasn’t

18. Where did you study before you ________ to this middle school? A. come B. came C. are coming D. will come

19. He ________ home for nearly three weeks. A. has gone away from B. has left C. has been away from

B. have never reached

C. never reach

D. never

reached 4. My mind wasn’t on what he was saying so I’m afraid I _____ half of it. A. was missing B. had missed C. will miss D. missed

20. I ________ her since she was a little girl. A. knew B. know C. had known D. have known

21. His grandfather ________ for thirty years. A. died B. was dead C. has been dead D. has died

5. The crazy fans _____ patiently for two hours, and they would wait till the movie star arrived. A. were waiting B. had been waiting C. had waited D. would wait 6. --- Has Sam finished his homework today?

22. I ________ a college student for more than a year. A. became B. have become C. was D. have been


科目:高一·英语 主备人:李小鹏 审核人:周春娥 定稿时间:2012 年 9 月 11 日



--- I have no idea. He ______ it this morning. A. did B. has done C. was doing D. had done

A. treated

B. have treated

C. had been treated

D. have been treated

15. Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people ____ to enjoy the advantages of this new technology. A. begin B. began C. have began D. had began

7. I _____ you not to move my dictionary--- now I can’t find it. A. asked B. ask C. was asking D. had asked

8. --- The window is dirty. --- I know. It ______ for weeks. A. hasn’t cleaned cleaned 9. ---Thank goodness, you’re here! What _____ you? --- Traffic jam. A. keeps B. is keeping C. had kept D. kept B. didn’t clean C. wasn’t cleaned D. hasn’t been

16. The discussion _____ alive when an interesting topic was brought in. A. was coming B. had come C. has come D. came

17. Because the shop ______, all the T-shirts are sold at half price. A. has closed down closed down 18. --- You were out when I dropped in at your house. --- Oh, I ______ for a friend from England at the airport. A. was waiting waited B. has been considering C. considered D. is 19. --- What were you doing when Tony phoned you? --- I had just finished my work and ____ to take a shower. A. had started B. started C. have started D. was starting B. had waited C. am waiting D. have B. closed down C. is closing down D. had

10. --- What’s the terrible noise? --- The neighbors ______ for a party. A. have prepared B. are preparing C. prepare D. will prepare

11. Now that she is out of a job, Lucy ______ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet. A. had considered going to consider 12. The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics _____ by 2006. A. has been completed will have completed 13. The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people _____ to eat more fruit and vegetables. A. persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded B. has completed C. will have been completed D.

20. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you _____ advertisements showing happy families. A. will often see have often seen

B. often see C. are often seeing


14. More patients ______ in hospital this year than last year.



科目:高一·英语 主备人:李小鹏 审核人:周春娥 定稿时间:2012 年 9 月 11 日





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