基础训练篇 语法填空（每篇共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，根据上下文填入适当的词语，或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空，并将答 案填写在标号为 1~10 的相应位置。 基础训练篇（1） In Africa, when the antelope wakes up every morning, the first
thing 1. comes into his mind is, “I must be able to run 2. (fast) than the fastest lion, 3. I will be killed by a lion.” And at just the same time, the lion 4. (wake) out of his dream, and the first thing 5. (flash) into his mind is: “I must be able to catch up with the slowest antelope, otherwise I will starve to 6. (dead).” So almost at the same moment 7. the antelope and the lion jump to their feet, and start 8. (run) toward the rising sun. Such is life — 9. you are an antelope or a lion, you ought to dash forward without 10. (hesitate) when the sun rises. 基础训练篇（2） You may wonder why we have a holiday in summer (1) _________ winter, but not in spring (2)_________ autumn. There are some reasons (3)_______________ it. Like most people, your intelligence（智力）changes from season to season. You are properly a lot sharper in the spring (4)_______________ you are (5)___________ any other time of the year. Ellsworth Huntington, who?s well known to us all concluded from other men?s work and his own among people in different climates that climate and temperature have a clear effect (6)___________ our intelligence. He found that cool weather is far better for creative thinking than warm weather. This (7)____________ mean that all people are not (8)_______________ quick at learning in the summer as they (9)_________________ during the rest of the year. It tells us, (10)________________, that intelligence of large numbers of people seems to be lowest in the summer. 基础训练篇（3） Last Monday morning, I was (1)_________ (cycle) along a street in the rush hour on my way to an interview (2)_________ an important job. A yellow car passed by me and (3)___________(sudden) stopped. I had to brake my bike hard and of course, I (4)________(fall). I was so angry I stopped the driver and kept on (5)_________ (shout) at him rudely. (6)_____________(unfortunate), I was in time for the interview. By chance, one of my (7)________(interview), the manager of the company, was no other than the driver of the yellow car. Luckily, the manager was not angry with me (8)_________my rudeness. (9)___________, he offered me the job. So I said to everyone jokingly that I could tell my manager (10)__________ I thought of him. 基础训练篇（4）
If you want to improve your English, you?d better listen to BBC English which is part (1)_____________ the BBC World Service. It broadcasts all kinds of programmes, such (2)__________difficult grammar points, life in Britain, differences (3)__________ written and (4)__________(speak) English and so on. It is easy for you to find out some information (5)___________ the programmes. You just need to write to BBC English and ask (6) ________ it. In China, there are (7)__________ English programmes like Follow Me on TV (8)__________ on the radio. They are usually easy (9)__________(receive) and understand and they are very (10)__________(use) to you. 基础训练篇（5） It is known to all (1)___________ the Chinese diet is considered to be the (2)__________(healthy) in the world because it (3)__________ (contain) a lot of fruit and green vegetables. It is rich (4)___________ fiber and low in sugar and fat. How (5)_____________ the Western food? It has too much fat in the form (6)______________ potato chips, chocolate and so on. It is also rich in sugar in the form of cakes, soft drinks, etc. As (7)______ _ result, the (8)________________(west) usually become very fat and have bad (9)____________ (tooth), and many of them even die at an early age from heart (10)______________ (ill). 基础训练篇（6） I attended a birthday party in 1991. My teacher was then 59 years old. (1)__________ her fellow teacher said that we (2)_____________(celebrate) her 39th birthday! We were all (3)____________ (surprise) and puzzled. After the party I was told by the fellow teacher that American women have a special saying about (4)___________ (birth). If a woman is (5)________ 40, or even if she is 80, her birthday is always the 39th. If she is in her thirties, her birthday will be the 29th. And in her (6)____________, it?s the 19th. They usually have their “real” birthday when they are (7)__________ 20. This shows that American women, (8)_________________ (special) elderly women, are very sensitive about their ages. But my teacher always says, “We want to be (9) ______________. ” so about the age of Western women, my advice is (10)_____________ if you don?t know it, don?t ask about it; if you really know it, don?t mention it. 基础训练篇（7） One day, Pierre, (1)_________ worked in a government office, received an (2)____________ (invite) to a palace ball. His wife, Mathilde, had no money (3)____________ jewellery, so she borrowed a beautiful necklace (4)__________ her friend, Jeanne. She looked very beautiful (5)___________ they had a wonderful time that evening. But after the ball, she found the necklace (6)_________________. They had to borrow a lot of money to buy a new (7)___________ for Jeanne. In order to pay (8)_________ the money, they worked day and night for 10 years. Mathilde became very old, so Jeanne didn?t recognize her (9)___________ they met in a park 10 years later. From this story, we know a person shouldn?t be affected (10)____________ vanity(虚 荣心), otherwise it will cost him a lot. 基础训练篇（8）
(1)________ is known to all, China is a large country (2)_________ agriculture. Science of farming was first (3)____________ (study) here. Jia Si-xie, living (4)____________ the 6th century AD, was one of the farming pioneers （先驱者） . After he finished his work for the government, he spent his time (5)__________ his research into agriculture. He studied (6)_________ to keep seeds, how to improve soil conditions and so on. During the years 533~544, he wrote a book (7)__________ (call) Qi Min Yao Shu ,(8)_________ is about both farming and gardening, (9)__________ (include) advice on how to grow green vegetables, how to keep fish in lakes, and so on. It was considered to be (10)___________ important summary of farming knowledge. 基础训练篇（9） Walt Disney, a great film-maker, was born in Chicago in 1901 (1)_________ died in 1966. (2)__________ a young man, he wanted very much to be an artist. He went to a newspaper office in the hope (3)__________ getting a job there, (4)_________ he had no luck. He didn?t lose heart. He kept on (5)______________ (draw) lots of pictures. Being poor, he had to sit in the family garage （车库） ,drawing pictures. Day (6)_________ day, he worked hard. Several years (7)____________, he succeeded in (8)______________ (make) his first cartoon character — Mickey Mouse. From then (9)______________ , he became a successful cartoon maker. Many characters in his cartoons are very popular, such as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck, (10)_____________ are loved by everyone, especially by children. 基础训练篇（10） Nowadays, almost everyone has realized (1)_________ smoking is harmful to people?s health. Sometimes it (2)__________ causes fire. In China, about 38% of the people smoke. Every year, they smoke millions of packets of cigarettes. It?s bad news (3)_________ the health of the nation. It?s known (4)______________ smoking can cause different kinds of diseases. Every year, many people die (5)_______________ these illnesses, such as lung and throat cancers. It also costs the government much money (6)_______________ look after these sick people. Smoking is also harmful to those (7)________________ don?t smoke, (8)____________ (special) to children and women. In (9)__________ word, smoking is no good. If you want to smoke, just think of those who suffer from diseases (10)_____________ the fires that destroy people?s lives and property! 基础训练篇（11） Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich man, (1) some of her friends to lunch. She was trying a new way to cook fish and she was very pleased with (2) when the fish was ready. As the fish was very hot, she put it near the open window to (3) _____ for a few minutes. Five minutes later, when she came back (4) it, she was surprised to find the neighbor?s cat at the fish. She was in time to stop the cat before it was too (5). _ .That afternoon every one enjoyed the fish. They talked and laughed (6) _ four o?clock. After the guests left, Mrs. Wilson felt tired but happy. She was sitting down in a chair near the window (7) _____ __ she saw the neighbor?s cat dead in her garden. She was sure the fish was bad. What (8) _ _ _______ happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the family
doctor for help. The doctor wanted each guest (9) _____ meet him. Once again Mrs. Wilson was alone in her chair still tired (10) _ _ not longer happy. Just then the telephone rang. It was her neighbor, “Oh, Mrs. Wilson,” he cried.” My cat is dead. She was killed by someone in a car and put in your garden …” 基础训练篇（12） We all know that computers have played and (1)__________ play a very important part (2)___________ various fields. In personal lives, computers can do lots of work. It can carry (3)___________ people?s instructions. In agriculture, computers are used (4)_____________ control the (5)__________(grow) conditions of vegetables and other plants. In transportation(交通运输), computers can work out the best distance (6)__________ trains and operate the trains instead (7)____________ human beings. In the fields of education, health and scientific research, computers are important, (8)___________. People use them to store information (9)______________ records. Because of the computers, life is easier and (10)________ convenient for people. 基础训练篇（13） Xiao Mao is a primary school student and he enjoys (1)_____ (draw) very much. One day, he went to the small woods not far (2)___________ town to draw from nature, carrying a drawing board. He was glad to find a tree living (3)____________ the rest had been cut down. “Let me start work at (4)___________” he thought and began to set up his (5)_____________. Just then a strong young man came (6)_________a big axe and got down to (7)___________ (cut) the tree. Soon he cut it down and pulled it away. When Xiao Mao got (8)__________ and turned back to draw, he found the tree had (9)________________ (disappear). “Dear me ! Where on earth is the tree ? ” Xiao Mao wondered, very (10) ______________(disappoint). 基础训练篇（14） Until recently daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it __1_____________(consider) an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very __2______________ (health) thing to do. Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, __3__________(be) a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go 4 _____ this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some __5__ ______ (surprise) conclusions. Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has concluded that daydreaming contributes __6____intellectual growth. It also improves 7 ____ (concentrate), attention span, and the ability to get 8 ____ with others. Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming. Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison pictured 9 __ __ as an inventor. For these notable achievers, it appears 10 their daydreams came true. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick offered this advice: “hold a picture of
yourself… in your mind?s eye, and you will be drawn toward it. Picture yourself vividly as defeated and that alone will make victory impossible. 基础训练篇（15） As well as reaching the right audience with the right technique, advertisers must also place their ads in the right medium. Obviously, cost will play __(1)______ big part in this decision. Television adverts are expensive to make __(2)_____to show. You have to be a big corporation with a big budget to afford television ads. Advertisements in newspapers, on the other hand, are __(3)______cheaper. As well as worrying about the expense, advertisers must also consider _____(4)_ media are most appropriate for their product and which their target audience is most likely to see or hear. __(5)_______most cars have radios, ads broadcast via radio can reach a lot of drivers very __(6)______(easy). For this reason, ______(7)_would be appropriate to use radio to advertise goods and services relating to cars. _(8)______, it would be no use __(9)_ _____(advertise) products on radio if the ad relies on visual effects. Television adverts are great for generating emotional responses to a product, but magazines and newspapers can have __(10)_ ____details. 基础训练篇（16） We must have water to live. __ 1________the water we use is clean and fresh, it will make us ill. The animals __ 2________ (live) in and around lakes and rivers must also have clean water. Our rivers and lakes supply most of our water. The clear, blue water found by the first American settlers has changed. Many of our water sources are now __ 3________. They are filled __ 4________ dirt and waste which cannot be cleaned out. In many places, water is not safe for us to use. Lake Erie was __ 5________ a beautiful lake. Now it has been called “a dying lake”. Waste from nearby homes and factories has been dumped into __ 6________. Fish can no longer live in much of its polluted water. George Washington once called the Potomac “__ 7________ finest river in the world”. Now its water is no longer blue. Instead, it is soupy green. Suds(肥皂泡沫), from detergents（洗涤剂；洗衣粉） used to wash clothes, often cover the water of our rivers. Water cannot __8___________(make) in a factory. Once water is polluted, it is __ 9________ to make it clean and safe again. We must learn to take care of the water __ 10_______ we now have. 基础训练篇（17） In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1. spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2. , we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success 3. language learning. 4. good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 5. (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists of words and 6. meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 7. we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a
good piece of 8. (advise) for those 9. important. We must practise speaking and 10.
are studying a new language. Practice is (write) the language whenever we can.
基础训练篇（18） There were once a goat and a donkey 1. lived on a farm. The donkey worked the hardest so the farmer fed it the most 2. . Sometimes the donkey was given more food 3. it could eat. This made the goat so jealous 4. it began plotting against （谋划对付） the donkey. “Hey, donkey,” the goat said one day. ”I think you do too much work on this farm. You carry such heavy things from morning to night. Why don?t you pretend 5. (get) sick so you can take a day 6. ?” The donkey thought the goat had a great idea. So the next morning, the donkey lay in the stable（畜栏） on its side with its eyes 7. (close). Right away, the farmer called in a doctor. 8. looking at the donkey, the doctor said it needed a special medicine made 9. the heart of a goat. So the farmer killed 10. goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart. 基础训练篇（19） We are all busy talking about and 1. (use) the Internet, but how many of us know 2. history of the Internet? Many people are 3. (surprise) when they find that the Internet was not set up in the 1960s.At that time, computers were large 4. expensive. Computer networks didn?t work well. If one computer in the network broke 5. , then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was working, information could be sent 6. another part. In this way the computer network system would keep on 7. (work) all the time. The Internet was only used by the government in the 1960s, but in the early 1970s, universities, hospitals and banks were allowed to use it too. However, computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. 8. the start of 1990s, computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed software that made “surfing” the Internet more 9. (convenience). Today it is easy to get online and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day. 10. (send) emails is more and more popular among students. The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people?s life. 基础训练篇（20） Once upon a time there was a rich merchant 1 __ _____ had four wives. He loved the 4th wife the most. He took great care of her and gave her nothing 2__________ the best. He also loved the 3rd wife very much. He was very 3 __ (pride) of her and always wanted to show off her to his friends. He also loved his 2nd wife. She is __4 ___________very considerate person, always patient and in fact is the merchant?s close friend. __5___________ the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd wife and __6____________ would always help him out and tide(帮助渡过) him 7__________ difficult times. Now, the merchant?s 1st wife is a very loyal partner and has made great 8___________ (contribute) in maintaining his wealth and business as well as 9____________ (take) care of the household. _10 ________, the merchant did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her.
基础训练篇（21） Bassanio fell in love (1) Portia, but he couldn?t ask her to marry him (2) he was poor. He had to borrow some money (3) ______ his friend Antonio, a merchant of Venice. Antonio had no money then. He went to Shylock, a cruel and (4) ______ (greed) money-lender. Shylock agreed to lend him the money on condition that he would cut a pound of his flesh (5) ______ he couldn?t repay him within three months. Unfortunately Antonio?s ships were lost (6) sea. (7) ______ (know) that Antonio probably had to die, Portia asked Bassanio to go to see his friend at once. She dressed herself (8) as a lawyer and turned up at the court. She let Shylock cut just one pound of flesh (9) ______ Antonio, no more, no less, no drop of blood, otherwise he (10) ______ lose all his money. Her clever idea saved Antonio and made Shylock give half of his money to Venice. 基础训练篇（22） Dear Lifeline, I shall be getting married (1)_______ August. My mother wants me to have a white wedding in (2)_________, because I am the only daughter, and she wants me to have the kind of wedding that she had. I, on the other (3)____________, should like to have a simple wedding (4)____________ a small party (5)______________ for immediate family and close friends. I don?t want my parents (6)___________ go to a lot of expense just for one day; I?d rather they spent the money (7)__________ things that my husband and I will need, that will last us for many years. Do you agree (8) ____________ me that this is a (9)_____________ (reason) point of view ? Can you think of a way in which I might persuade my parents (10) _____________ think as I do? Yours, Money-Conscious 基础训练篇（23） There was once a teacher in a village. He was a man named Goldsmith. He was a kind-hearted man. He was always poor (1)___________. He taught himself (2)___________, so sometimes people called him Doctor Goldsmith. One day a poor woman asked Mr. Goldsmith to go and see her husband, because he was very ill and couldn?t get up. Mr. Goldsmith did (3)____________. He found that the family needed help very much. The man had been out of work for a long time, but he was not (4)__________. He was just hungry because there was no food in his house. “Come to my room this (5)_________”said Mr. Goldsmith to the woman, “I will give you some medicine for your husband.” In the evening the woman came. Mr. Goldsmith gave her a little paper box. “(6)__________is the medicine,” he said.” Take it and it will (7)_________ your husband a great deal of good, but don?t open the box until you get home.” “What are the directions for (8) _________ it?” asked the woman. “You will find them inside the box.” he answered.
When the woman (9)_______________ home, she sat down by her husband?s side, and they opened the box. They found it was full of money. And on the top were the (10)______________(direction)：“TAKE IT WHEN YOU NEED IT.” Goldsmith had given all the money he had. 基础训练篇（24） Ms. Mary was over eighty, but she still drove her old car like half her age. She loved driving very fast, and boasted of the fact 1. she had never, in her thirty-five years of driving, been punished 2. a driving mistake. Then one day, she nearly lost her record. A police car followed her, and the policemen in it saw her pass a red light without 3. (stop). When Ms. Mary came before the judge, he looked at her severely and said that she was too old to drive a car, and that the reason 4. she had not stopped at red light was most probably that her eyes had become weak 5 old age, so that she had simply not seen it. When the judge had finished 6. he was saying, Ms. Mary opened the big handbag she was carrying and took out her sewing. Without saying a word, she 7. (choose) a needle with a very small eye, and threaded it at the first time. When she had 8. (success) done this, she took the thread out of the needle again and handed both the needle and thread to the judge, saying, “Now it is your turn. I suppose you can drive a car well, and you have no doubts 9. your eyesight.” The judge took the needle and tried to thread it. After half a dozen times, he had still not succeeded. The case against Ms. Mary 10. (dismiss), and her record remained unbroken. 基础训练篇（25） On keeping a Diary in English Keeping a diary in English is one of the 1.___________ (effect) ways to improve our English writing ability. 2._____________ (compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes 3.____________ time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. 4.____________ we persist in this practice, gradually we?ll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many 5.__________. In the first place, 6.____________ often happens that we have trouble finding appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English properly. As far as I _7. ______________ (concern), my 8._____________(suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn to our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is 9._____ ______ great use to keep a diary in English for 10.___ ________ development of our writing skills. 巩固强化二十三篇 语法填空（每篇共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 仔细阅读下面的短文，短文中有 10 个空格。请根据上下文填入适当的词语， 或使用括号中的词语的适当形式完成语法填空，并将答案填写在相应的位置上。
1 In the United States, there were 222 people __1.______ (report) to be billionaires(亿万富翁) in 2003. The __2._______ (wealth) of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made his money __3.______ starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old __4._______ he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire __5.______ the time he was 31. __6._________, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even __7.__________ (young) ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. __8._________ of these child actors made over a million dollars __9.____________ (act) in movies before they were 14. But __10.__________ youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn und Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited (继承) a billion dollars when he turned 18 ! 2 In 1605 some Englishmen planned to kill their king, JamesⅠ, because they thought that he was a bad man. They knew that on November 5th the King 1. go to the House of Lords to talk with his nobles. The men rented a 2. (build) next to the House of Lords. They dug through a wall and put many barrels of gunpowder in an underground room of the House of Lords. They 3. （ choose ） a man 4. (call) Guy Fakes to set fire 5. the gunpowder, but something went wrong 6. their plan. 7. of the men had a relative 8. was coming to the House of Lords to meet the King. He warned his relative to stay at home. The relative told 9. nobles and soon the King heard about the danger. Soldiers searched 10. underground rooms and found the gunpowder on November 4th, so Guy Fakes was caught and killed. 3 People __1.___________ (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred __2.________ in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four __3.__________ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need __4.________ these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. __5._________ you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary __6.____________ (big). Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books __7.___________ (write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you come across __8.___________ new word, look it ___9.____________ in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your __10.__________ (much) useful book. 4 When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets __1._____ the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first __2._____ then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from _3.______, the streets are very busy. Traffic is most __4._______ (danger) then.
When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, __5.______. Always remember that the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. __6._______ (have) a look first, or else you will go __7.___________ wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses __8.__________ two floors. You can sit on the __9.________ (two) floor, from __10._______ you can see the city very well. It?s very interesting. 5 More than 7 million tickets will go on sale for the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which is more than the number of tickets 1 (sell) in the 2004 Athens Games, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad (BOCOG) said on Friday. Of the tickets, about 4.9 million, 2 70 per cent will be sold within China and the rest 30 per cent will be sold abroad. “Since we have more 3 (seat) than Athens, we can sell 4 tickets,” said Rong Jun, an 5 (office) from the BOCOG Marketing Department. It 6 (report) that Athens offered 5.3 million tickets 7 the 2004 Olympics. “The 8 (open) ceremony will be held in the National Stadium, 9 is able to seat 91,000 people. Since 10 large number of seats will be taken by broadcasters and the media, there will be only about 60,000 for ordinary audience.” 6 Most Americans don?t like to get advice __1_____ members of their family. They get advice from “___2_____ (strange)”. When they need advice, they don?t usually go to people they know. __3______ many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines __4______ give advice on many different subjects，__5_______ (include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, _6______ even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers __7_______ (regular) print letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are __8_______ written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, and _9___________ are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special __10_________ (train) for this kind of work. 7 Without proper __1________(plan), tourism can cause problems. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places __2_________ are also enjoyed by the inhabitants(居民) of a country. If tourism creates too much traffic, the inhabitants will become __3________ (annoy) and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists __4_______ to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country?s economy. __5_________ is important to think about the people of a destination country and ___6________ tourism affects them. Tourism should help __7________ country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and ___8_______ (happy) of local inhabitants. Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism __9_________ (grow) too quickly, people must leave other jobs to work __10________ the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country?s economy can suffer.
8 London was awarded __1_______ 2012 Olympic Games on Wednesday, __2_________ (defeat) European rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital __3________ the first time since 1948. __4_______ Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated (淘汰) in the first three rounds London beat Paris 54 : 50 on the fourth ballot(投票表决) of the IOC. In London crowds cheered and waved flags as __5_______ watched the announcement from Singapore __6_______ a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area __7______ the main Olympic complex (建筑群) will be based. Blair spent two days in lobbying(游说) in Singapore __8______ leaving to host the G8 summit (8 国峰会) in Scotland. “My promise to you is that we will be your very __9_______ (good) partners,” Blair said. It?s the fourth bid (申办) from Britain after __10__________ (fail) attempts(尝试；企图) by Birmingham for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000. 9 Why is setting goals so important? __1._________ goals can help you do, be, and experience everything __2._______ you want in life. Instead of just __3._______(let) life happen to you, goals allow yourself to make your life happen. __4.________ (success) and happy people have set lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It?s __5._______ having a map to show you __6.__________ you want to go. Winners in life set goals and follow through with them. Winners decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and __7.___________ (set) goals. __8.____________ (success) people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren?t difficult to set, and __9.___________aren?t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are _10._____________one who must decide what to do and in what direction to aim your life. 10 We often think of future. We often wonder __1________ the world will be like in a hundred years? time. Think ___2_____ space. Perhaps a permanent station on the moon ___3_____ (set up). Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as __4______. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, __5______ (permit) long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting __6_______ planets. Great progress will have been made _____7___ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years? time. __8________ the world will have been developed — even Antarctica. We will have used up most of the earth?s land to build our cities; __9_______ floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already had plans of this kind. And there will be cities __10______ the sea. 11 Thirty-two people watched Kitty Genovese 1 (kill) right below their windows. She was 2 neighbor. Yet 3 of the 32 helped her. Not one even called the police.
John Barley and Bib Fatane went beyond the headlines to research into the reasons 4 people didn?t act. They found that a person has to go through two steps 5 he can help. First he has to notice that it is 6 emergency(紧急情况). Is the smoke coming into the room 7 a leak in the air conditioning? Is it “steam pipes”? Or is it really smoke from a fire? It?s not always easy to tell if you are faced with a real emergency. Second, and 8 important, the person faced with an emergency must feel personally 9 (responsibility). He must feel that he must help, 10 the person won?t get the help he needs. 12 Experiments have proved that children can 1 (instruct) in swimming at a very early age. At a special swimming pool in Los Angeles, children become expert at 2 (hold) their breath under water even before they can walk. 3 (baby) of two months old do not appear to be reluctant to enter the water. It is not long 4 they are so accustomed to swimming 5 they can pick up weights from the floor of the pool. A game that is very popular with these young 6 (swim) is the underwater tricycle race. Tricycles are lined up on the floor of the pool seven feet under water. The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool. Many pedal their tricycles, 7 most of them prefer to push or drag them. Some children 8 cover the whole length of the pool 9 coming up for breath even once. Whether they will ever become future Olympic champions, only time will tell. Meanwhile, they should encourage 10 among us who cannot swim five yards before they are gasping for air. 13 Soon after Dave left college, one of his uncles, 1 was rich and had no children of his own died and 2 (leave) Dave a lot of money, so he decided to set up his own real estate agency(地产公司). He found a nice office, 3 (buy) some new furniture and moved in. He had only been there for a few hours when he heard someone coming 4 the door of his office. “It?s my first customer!” he thought. He quickly picked up 5 telephone and pretended to be very busy 6 （answer）an important call from someone in New York 7 wanted to buy a big and expensive house in the country. The man knocked at the door 8 this was going on, came in and waited 9 (polite) for the agent to finish his conversation. Then he said to him, “I?m from the telephone company, and I 10 (send) here to connect your telephone.” 14 The Internet has become part of young people?s life. _1. _______ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet. Most of them get _2.________ (use) information on the Internet _3._______ use the Internet to help with their studies. But many students don?t use it _4.________ a good way. Some play games too much, and some visit websites __5.__________ shouldn?t look at. So bad things may happen __6._________ students spend too much time on the Internet.
__7._______ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, __8._______ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful __9._______(advise). Some students also make friends on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face _10.__ ______ (meet) with your online friends, please let your parents know and meet in a proper place.
15 Rivers are one of our most important natural resources. Many of the world?s great cities are located on rivers, and almost __1_______ country has at least one river __2_______(flow) through it that plays __3________ important part in the lives of its people. Since the beginning of history, people _4______________ (use) rivers for transportation. The longest one in the United States is the Mississippi, and the lifeline of Egypt is the Nile. __5_____________ transportation, rivers give water to drink, water for crops, and chances for fun and recreation （消遣，娱乐活动）for the people __6________________ live along their banks. However, large cities and industries that are located on rivers often make problems. As the cities grow __7____________ size and industries increase in number, the water in the rivers becomes __8_____________ (pollute) with chemicals and other materials. People come to kwon the __9_____________ (important) of doing more to keep their rivers clean __10_____________ they want to enjoy the benefits of this natural resource. 16 Liu Xiang was the first Asian __1_________ (win) the men?s 110m hurdles at the Olympics in Athens. __2_____ that, he became an idol(偶像) to the young people. “I never thought I would run under 13 seconds and break the Olympic record.” said Liu Xiang in tears, “I am very, very excited. I?m _3_________(pride) not just for myself and for Chinese __4______ for Asia. My race went __5_________ (wonderful) from start to finish.” Liu added. “It is __6________ amazing experience being the Olympic champion. I want to thank my coach and my friends for _7________their help. I think today we Chinese have showed the world that we _8________ run as fast as anybody else.” Since his return from Athens, Liu Xiang has been at the center of a media circus and he has been to many press appearances and meetings. _9_______ Liu thinks 2004 is just the beginning, and he expects to be at his peak in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Liu said, “For some players, it?s just a job. For me, it?s __10_________ I love.” 17 We are what we eat. What we are 1. （accustom）to eating every day has a great effect on our health. Consequently (As a result), we should make 2. effort to change our bad eating habits. As we all know , baked or fried foods may be 3. （taste）, but eating too much of them will probably 4. （短语） some illnesses. In addition, some food which costs us a great deal of money is not healthy, 5. junk food.
6. people like to eat is various from culture to culture. Compared with people in the West, Chinese people used to eat more grain, more vegetables and less meat, 7. is a good eating habit. 8. , things are quite different now. With the rapid economic 9. (grow) of our country, we also eat a lot of food high in sugar and fat. If you take a casual look at people in the street, what impresses you will probably be the fact that there are a lot more fat people than ever before. We are at risk when 10. (eat)out without considering the balance of our food . To be healthy, we must keep it in our mind that the food we choose to eat should give us the nutrients(营养) we need. 18 Once upon a time, a poor boy together with his mother lived in a mountainous village. In his childhood the boy often cheated 1 boys out of money and things, but his mother quickly saw through his deception and criticized him. With his 2 (mother) education, he also felt a sense of injustice about his deeds and made an 3 (apologize) to others. His mother did everything in her power to change his faulty. She sent him to a school, ___4_ _ he worked very hard. Five years later, he stood out among his classmates and was always thought highly of by all his teachers. He became 5 (interest) in literature and enjoyed 6 （read） many famous literature works, such as Pride and Prejudice, Jane Eyre, 7 which he was able to improve his writing skills. _ 8 he graduated from school, he became a journalist in a newspaper of the city. He hailed (呼吁) the 9 （equal）of man in his articles. In the end, many people would like to read his articles as soon as they 10 (publish). 19 It is not polite to arrive at a dinner party more than 15 to 20 minutes 1 . The host or hostess usually waits for all the guests to arrive before serving the meal. If someone is late, the food may be spoiled, and so might the host or hostess?s spirits. If you have to be late, call and tell them to start 2 you. It?s even 3 (bad) to be early! The host or hostess will probably not be ready. If you are early, drive or walk around the block a few times, or just sit in your car 4 the right time. Though it is often important to arrive on time, yet on the other hand, for open houses, the host or hostess invites guests to arrive and leave 5 a certain time. You can arrive at any time within the time he or she gives you. It?s polite to bring an empty stomach, but it?s even nicer to bring a small present. The present should not cost a lot, or you might embarrass the host or hostess. 6 (flower), wine, or a box of candy will do fine. Never bring money as a present. In an 7 (introduce), the order of a name is: (1) 、the given name；(2) 、the family name. In other words the given name comes first. It?s important not 8 to learn and remember names, but to respect them often in 9 (converse). After the introduction，we usually call friends 10 their given names. Older people may want you call them their titles and family names, such as “Mr. Jones”、 “Mrs. Johnson” or “Dr. Brown”.
In the small towns of the United States in the 1 (nineteen) century, the general store was 2 everyone bought the things he couldn?t make 3 grow at home. What the stores sold 4 (tell) a great deal about 5 life at that time. People bought tools that they needed for farm work; salt, sugar and 6 foods that the farm didn?t produce; articles of clothing that they couldn?t make 7 ; shirts for the men; or clothes for the children. Life was simple then. One feels that people were 8 (thank) for what they had and that they looked 9 with courage to whatever the future brought. It would be interesting to know how they would feel about the life today. Would it seem to them that life is too complex? Would they enjoy 10 (live) a life as we do now? 21 When I was in Germany, one day at Christmas time I went to a post office to send a letter. (1) my surprise. I found people queuing some paces away (2)___ the person at the savings deposit (存款)window. Why so? Each did his business in turn (3) the line never moved a step nearer. I was very curious, so I walked to the window to find out the (4)_____. There was a notice on (5) ____ was written “Thank you for your respect for others? privacy”, a polite warning to keep people away from nosing into( 干涉 )others? affairs. Money matters are (6)___as privacy in Western countries. I was deeply impressed by the sight and stayed a while to watch: they were waiting so calmly at a distance that they seemed quite used to the practice .The same thing happened at a public telephone box. Those waiting for their turns always kept their distance enough to be out of hearing. It?s another typical example! From then on, I took care to watch their ways of doing things, manners, and treatment shown towards others. I found the Germans always (7) ___________ (mind) of others? privacy. They avoided putting others in an embarrassing situation. For instance, they never asked about age, incomes or the place to buy such a coat, nor (8)______ ______ they comment on the clothes or jewelry others wore. Their laws forbid reading diaries (9)___ __________opening letters without (10)______ ______ (permit). That shows personal matters are not allowed to be disturbed. 22 Do you feel 1 difficult to be happy all the time? Now I?ll give you some tips(秘诀) 2 how to make yourself happy. One way is being 3 (self) because unselfishness is the key factor 4 (require) if you want to get along well with others. By 5 (say) being unselfish we mean we 6 not want everything our own way or demand the best share of everything. Another way is to look for good points in 7 people. You?ll find most people pleasant to get along with and it will surely make you happy. Third, you cannot expect to be too perfect, 8 don?t be too unhappy when you make a mistake. Everything will be OK if you try to make things right. Finally, it is important to remember that while you are not 9 (bad) than others, chances you have may not be much better. In this case, 10 surest way to be happy is to think yourself above other people. 23 Good afternoon, principal, teachers and all students. It is my 1 (honorable) to be here to give a talk to all of you. I have studied in this school for five years. In these five years, I learned one precious thing important not only to me 2 to all of you here, and it is “reading”. I can always
gain knowledge from reading. Reading doesn?t 3 up a lot of time but I gain a lot. Now I would like to share my reading experiences with you. I once read a book Rare Air: Michael on Michael 4 (write) by the greatest basketball player in the history, Michael Jordan. While we envy his great achievement in the basketball and business aspects, few of us focus on his spirit of persistence. In the book, he talks about his experience of 5 he walks on the path to success. In order to join the NBA, he put in every effort to strengthen his muscle, to improve his skills 6 training hard. Because of his efforts, he successfully entered the NBA. However, he did not stop his training. 7 , the training was even stricter, 8 prepared him to deny(否认) the statement released by the public, “Michael is a weak guy!” While the criticism against him diminished(减少；减小；缩减), he worked even harder to achieve his next goal — the championship of the NBA. Finally, he succeeded. People honor Michael as “God of basketball” not only for his great basketball skills, but also mainly for his spirit of persistence. While we admire his spirit, we can follow(追求；追逐) his spirit as well. Michael should be our example; we ought to learn from him. As/So long as(只要) we work hard, nothing is impossible. Bear in mind that all of you have the same quality. Nobody is born wise. Putting in effort is the only but 9 (effect) way to advancement. My fellow schoolmates, before I go, I would like to encourage all of you that we should work as hard as we 10 . When you grow up, you may be the one who is admired by the community. My fellow schoolmates, let?s work hard together! Work for our future! Thank you. 冲刺突破三十六篇 语法填空（每篇共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位置上。 1 Many people like to read the (31) ___________________ （ late ） newspapers. But (32) _______________ is it produced so quickly? The most important man may be the chief editor. He decides (33) ______________ to do. Every morning the (34)________________ (journal) are sent to cover the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people (35) _____________ do telephone interviews. Meanwhile, the picture editor sends (36) _______________ (photograph) to take the pictures they need. Later in the day, they pass the stories and the (37)_________________ (develop) photos to the editor. Then the chief editor will choose the most important news for the front page. (38)_________________ editors read the stories, make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. (39)__________________ the newspaper is printed and (40)_________________（deliver）to different places. 2 Gandhi, an Indian national hero, (31) ______(honor) as the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians. He was born in India in 1869. Following the local custom, he got (32) _____ (marry) at the age of 13. In 1888 he sailed to England, (33) he studied law for three years and then
became a (34) (law). On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case. In South Africa he (35) ______ (surprise) found that the problem of racial discrimination was serious. There he formed an (36) ______(organize) and started a magazine to fight for equal rights. Gandhi returned to India in 1915, when India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and (37) ______ (depend) for his country. In the political movement many Indians, ____________ (38) (include) Gandhi, were put in prison. (39) ______, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give in and India won its independence in 1947. (40) ______ (fortunate)，Gandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th, 1948. 3 A little boy invited his mother to attend his elementary school?s first teacher-parent meeting. To the little boy?s (31) ________________(happy), she said she would go. This would be the first time that his classmates and teacher met his mother and he was embarrassed by her (32) ________________ (appear). Although she was a beautiful woman, there was a severe scar (33) _____________covered nearly the whole right side of her face. The boy never wanted to talk about why or how she got the scar. At the meeting, the people (34) _______________ (impress) by the kindness and natural beauty of his mother though she had a scar on her face, but the little boy was still embarrassed and (35) _______________ (hide) himself from everyone. He did, however, get within earshot of a conversation (36) _______________ his mother and his teacher, and heard them speaking. ??How did you get the scar on your face? ?? The teacher asked. The mother replied, ??When my son was a baby, he was in a room that caught on fire. Everyone was too afraid to go in (37) _______________the fire was out of control, so I went in. As I was rushing toward his bed, I saw a beam coming down and I placed myself over him trying to protect him. I was knocked unconscious but (38) _______________ (fortunate), a fireman came in and saved both of us.?? She touched the burned side of her face. ??This scar will be on my face for ever, but to this day, I have never regretted doing (39) _______________I did.?? At this point, the little boy came out (40) _______________(run) towards his mother with tears in his eyes. He hugged her and felt a great sense of the sacrifice that his mother had made for him. He held her hand tightly for the rest of the day. 4 Finishing their shopping at the supermarket, a middle-aged couple found their new car 31 (steal). They filed a report 32 the police station and a detective drove them 33 to the parking lot（停车场）to look for evidence. To their 34 (amaze), the car had been returned and there was a note in it , 35 _______ said: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to send her to the hospital as soon as possible. Please forget the 36 (convenient). There are two tickets 37 tonight?s Rowan Atkinson concert.” Their faith in humanity restored( 恢 复 ). The couple attended 38 concert. But 39 they returned home, they immediately found that their house had been ransacked
(洗劫). On the bathroom mirror was somehow, don?t I?”
note: “I have to put my kid through college
5 A guest comes up to Mrs. Dale, the Duty Manager, telling her 31 (anger) about the Hall Porter?s Department. Since there are 32 guests present, the Duty Manager invites the guest to come to her office 33 (talk) things over. The guest says that the Hall Porter yesterday 34 (promise) to get theatre tickets 35 a show in the city. He says that today, 36 he went to collect the tickets there was 37 porter on duty. The porter could not find any tickets for the guest, and could not find any record of the request for tickets. It seems that the porter on duty today did not believe 38 the guest had made any request for tickets. The guest says that the tickets were promised, 38 he has planned to go to the theatre that night, and that it is the 40 (hotel) job to provide the tickets.
6 Young people should travel not only to find out about the present 31 to find out about the future. A grand tour today should be the opposite of 32 it was in the past. It should not include museums, castles and ruins. It should go 33 human life is, to places that throw you images of the future. It should not be an escape of 34 (real) but a challenge with 35 . Young people of today should go to the wildest, farthest, poor place they can think of. They should go to the wild places of Asia, Africa, and South America. Young people should go to 36 many such places as they can, 37 these places are closing up and in time they?ll become impossible. The other area young people should travel 38 ____________ is the same sort of area within their own country, places that are a kind of 39 ____________ (know) land, 40 _______ as the Congo Basin. 7 Although anyone can do it, storm chasing is extremely dangerous. The power of a big storm 31 throw a cow into the air 32 destroy a whole house in seconds. Storm chasers are also often hurt in accidents 33 (cause) by driving in 34 heavy rain. If you are a 35 (begin), it is much safer to join a group for storm-chasing vacations 36____________ the storm season. However, for storm chasers, it is all worth it . “37 you get 38 (close)to a storm, it is the most 39 (excite) sight you will 40 see in your life,” says Jasper Morley. “Every storm is an example of the power of nature. It is the greatest show on Earth.” 8
In ancient times, the most important examination was spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted 31 saying poetry aloud or giving speeches. Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same questions, was probably not known 32_________ the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into 33 (exist) with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. Two types of tests are 34 (common) used in modern schools. The first type is sometimes called an “objective” test. It 35 ___________ (intend) to deal with facts, not personal opinions. On objective tests, the student has just one task: he must recognize the correct answer and then he must copy its letter or number onto his examination paper. Sometimes there is 36 answer sheet on which the four letters or numbers are printed. Then the student only has to circle the one 37 go with the correct answer. For testing some kinds of learning, however , such a test is not very satisfactory. A lively student 38 guess the correct answer without really knowing the material. For a clearer picture of 39 the student knows, most teachers use another kind of examination in addition to objective tests. They use “essay” tests, and the tests require students to write long answers to broad, general questions. When some essay questions are used along with some objective questions, 40 , a fairly clear picture of the students? knowledge and ability can usually be obtained. 9 We may look at the world around us, but somehow we manage not to see it 31 whatever we?ve become used to suddenly 32 (disappear). Take, for example, the neatly-dressed woman I used to see. For three years, no matter 33 the weather was like, she was always waiting at the bus stop around 8:00 a.m. On 34 ________ (snow) days, she wore heavy clothes and a pair of 35 ____________ (wool) gloves. Of course I remember all 36 _______ only after she was seen no more .It was 37 that I realized how much 1 expected to see her each morning. “Did she have an accident? Something 38 ______ ?” I thought to myself about her disappearance. Now that she was gone, I felt that I 39 __________ (know) her. I began to realize that part of our daily life probably includes such chance meetings 40 _________ familiar strangers: the milkman you see at dawn, and the twin brothers you see at the library. Such people are important markers in our lives. They add weight to our sense of place and belonging. 10 In France, most of the people want to have a very long time for lunch. In Britain it doesn?t seem to be important 31 people take a cup of tea and a very quick sandwich and it?s OK. Another very 32 (surprise) thing for the foreigner is the way the people obey the law — you seem to have much more discipline 33 in France, and you respect the police 34 more than we do. For instance, people park their car 35 , and they know it is forbidden 36 they do it — in Britain people don?t do that.
In England, it?s 37 (easy) to feel alone. People don?t bother you, don?t look after you or worry 38 you so much, so it?s easy to get lost or to hide away here. When you?re in the United States people want to know 39____________ you are, they tend to speak to you, to find out who you are,40 you?re doing.
11 Alice always wanted to be a singer. Music was the 31 important thing in her life but, to tell you the 32 (true), she took lesson for years, practised every day, 33 in spite of all this, her voice didn't improve. Honestly, it didn?t get better, it just got 34 (loud). Her teacher finally gave 35 and stopped the lessons, but Alice refused to quit, and one day she decided to give a concert and invited her former teacher to attend. The teacher was very worried about 36 to say after the performance. She knew it 37 be terrible and it was. She didn't want to tell a lie, but she didn?t want to hurt Alice?s feelings 38 . Finally, she got an idea and went backstage to greet her former pupil. “Well”, said Alice, “what did you think of 39 performance?” “My dear,” said the teacher, “you?ll 40 be better than you were tonight.” 12 The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it 31 an investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32 (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and 33 (communication) with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from 34 countries and cultures. 35 , while there are many positive developments 36 (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. 37 concern relates to a lack of control over 38 appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are restrictions 39 what kinds of programs can 40 (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable for their children to see. 13 Will there always be 31 water? When you consider how necessary water is to each and every one of us and to all 32 (live) things, and when you observe how man has mismanaged other 33 (nature) resources, you may have reason to worry. Man has badly polluted his sources of water 34 Earth. And he uses more and more water each day. Can man learn to treat 35 (pollute) water for reuse fast enough 36 (keep) pace with the world?s technology and 37 (grow) population? At the present time there is no serious shortage of water in the United States. Water, however, is not 38 able to meet all the local needs. Some areas, such as the southwestern part of our
country, get less rain than 39 . In these areas, water must be brought in from 40 outside. Los Angeles, for example, must obtain its water from sources hundreds of miles away in the Colorado River and the rivers of northern California. 14 In September, 1941, the Nazi 31 （Germany） army was near St Petersburg. This was a time 32 the two countries were at war. However, before the Nazis could get to the summer palace, the Russians were only able to remove the furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room. But some of the Nazis secretly stole the Amber Room itself. In less than two days, 100,000 pieces of the room were put inside twenty-seven wooden boxes. There is no doubt 33 ____________ the boxes were then put on a train 34 ___ Konigsberg, at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. After that, what really happened to the Amber Room 35 (remain) a mystery. While the search for the old room continues, the 36 (Russia) and Germans have built 37 new Amber Room at the summer palace. 38 (follow) old photos, the new room has been made to look much like the old one. In 39 spring of 2003, it was ready for the people of St Petersburg 40 (celebrate) the 300th birthday of their city. 15 Atlanta was a Greek princess. She was very beautiful and could run faster than 31 man in Greece. But she was not allowed to run in the Olympic Games. She was 32 angry that she said to her father she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. Her father said she must marry and asked her 33 she wanted to marry a king or prince. But Atlanta replied, “I will only be married to a man who can run faster than me. When a man says he wants to marry me, I will run 34 him. If he cannot run as fast as me, he 35 (kill). No one will be pardoned.” Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta but when they heard of her rules, some of them 36 (sad) went home. Other men stayed to run the race. There was a man called Hippomenes who was amazed when he heard of Atlanta?s rules. “Why are these men so 37 (fool)? Why will they let 38 be killed because they cannot run as fast as this princess?” Then when he saw Atlanta come out of her house 39 (run), Hippomenes changed his mind. “I 40 marry Atlanta — or die!” he said. 16 No one could recognize me after I got my new transistors in the 31 (1960).There were times when my size was 32 (total) changed. I became small and thin but I got cleverer and cleverer, quicker and quicker. And my memory became so large 33 I couldn?t believe it! But I was always so lonely 34 (stand) there by myself, 35 in the early 1960s, they gave me a family 36 (connect) by a network. I could share information 37 others and we could talk to each other. At about the same time we learned to talk to humans using BASIC. I was brought into people?s homes in the 1970s. Since then, my family and I 38 (use) by 39 (billion) of people to deal with information and communicate with each other around the world by the Internet. I love 40 (use) to connect people who
aren?t close enough to speak to each other. I have truly been built to serve the human race since my birth. 17 Many animals 31 (disappear) during the history of the earth. 32 (famous) of these animals were dinosaurs. They lived on the earth 33 (ten) of millions of years ago, long 34 humans came into being. There were many different species of dinosaur and several of them have been found in China. The eggs of twenty-five species have been found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province, and not long ago a rare new species of bird-like dinosaur was discovered in Chaoyang County, Liaoning Province. The scientists were surprised 35 (find) they could run 36 other dinosaurs, but also climb trees. They could tell this from the way the bones 37 (join) together. Dinosaurs died 38 quickly about 65 million years ago. Some scientists think it was after a large rock hit the earth and put too much dust into the air. Others think the earth got 39 hot for the dinosaurs to live on any more. Nobody knows 40 sure. In the same way there are animals that have died out more recently and no one knows why. Listen to the story about the dodo, an animal that has disappeared from the earth. 18 However, there was one band that started in a different way. It began as a TV show. The musicians of 31________ the band was formed played jokes 32___________ each other as well as played music. Their music and jokes were based loosely on the band called “The Beatles”. The TV organizers 33 (look) for four musicians who were lively and who could make good music. They put an advertisement in a newspaper 34 (look) for rock musicians, but they could only find one that was good enough. They had to use actors for the other members of the band. Actors may not be able to sing so at first other musicians sang the songs for the programme 35 the band pretended to sing them. Their attractive performances 36 (copy) by other groups and their fans supported them fiercely. Each week the group that was called “The Monkees” would play a song or two written by other musicians. However, after a year or so in which they became 37 (serious) about their work, “The Monkees” started to play their own instruments and write their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music. They became even more popular than “The Beatles” in the USA and sold even more records. However, the band broke 38 in about 1970, but 39 (unite) in the mid-1980s. They produced a new record in 1996, which was a 40 (celebrate) of their time as a real band. 19 Rudolph Valentino was a famous film star in the 1920s. He once wanted to buy a particular silver ring that had a semi-precious stone in 31 . The jeweler warned him against the ring, 32 (tell) him that it had a curse on it. 33 owned the ring would have bad luck. Valentino did not believe him 34 he bought the ring. He wore it during the making of his 35 film, The Young Rajah. The film was a complete failure.
Valentino put the ring 36 _ and went on to make many 37 (success) films. By 1926, he had forgotten all about the curse on the ring. He wore it 38 . Soon afterwards, he fell ill and died. 39 of Valentino?s friends inherited the ring.She, too, became ill, 40 quickly gave the ring away to a young artist. She recovered from her illness almost immediately, 20 With the (31)_____________ (develop) of industry, air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people (32)___________(suffering) from different kinds of (33) ___________ ( ill ) because of air pollution. Air pollution is caused (34)_________ the following reasons: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles（车辆）. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off (35)_________ (poison) gases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another (36)_________ (fact) is the smokers. Smoking not only does harm to their health but also to others?. (37)__________ these, about 10% of air pollution is caused by other reasons. We should take some measures to fight (38)_____________ pollution. New fuel can be used to take the place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the importance of (39)___________(environment) protection and does something to stop pollution, the problem will (40)___________(solve). 21 Many Chinese believe 31 (eat) pig brains will increase their intelligence and some Americans regularly eat 32 ___ (cook) eggs to keep their minds sharp. 33 , doctors don?t recommend eating 34 raw eggs or animal brains. Then, what food is good for your brain? Scientists have found a relationship 35 ____ diet and a healthy brain. Generally speaking, fish is a brain food. 36 ____ fish, you should introduce lots of dark green leafy vegetables and colorful fruits into your diet, because most people lack the special vitamins 37 these brain food provide. If you eat brain foods 38 ____ (regular), they can increase brain power — help you pay attention, keep you 39 ___________ (motivate), improve your memory and 40 _____( less) stress from studies. Then you can do much better in your test. 22 A few years ago, SARS __31______ out in the mainland of China, causing some people __32________ (kill) or nearly got close to death. The situation was so severe that there was__33______ time to debate who is to blame. The most important thing for the government to do is to find out the __34________ of this deadly disease. They invited all the most __35_________ (experience) experts in this field to discuss and quite a few suggestions were put forward. Some of the top experts then tested them to see _36_______ they were available. Doctor Zhong Nanshan chose one patient who was seriously ill and had little hope__37_______ picking up and had the new medicine tested on him. __38______ his great joy, this patient recovered! He made his way to his office and telephoned the top official, __39_______ (tell) him this exciting news. For convenience, he moved to live in his office. His method did make sense. Not soon after that, the __40___ hospitals also controlled this terrible disease and kicked it out finally.
23 I asked my uncle, who plays __31_______ piano well, __32_______ he would assess (评定) the tone of a second hand piano I was hoping to buy. We arrived __33_______ the house and Uncle Frank looked the piano over, then __34_______ (sit) down and played a mixture of honky-tonk numbers and classical pieces. When he finished, we told the family that we would call ___35_______ in 15 minutes. Outside, Uncle Frank said that ___36________ the wood was battered (坏掉的)，the sound was good and we should buy it. When I phoned the woman back, she sounded as if she was crying. __37____ (concern), I asked, “What?s the matter?” “We didn?t know the piano_38______ play like that,” she replied. The piano wasn?t __39_______sale, and her daughter had to resume(重新开始) taking piano __40___________. 24 In North America, people are always in __31______ hurry. Children have special lessons or sports activities __32________ school. Parents often work late and ___33________ get home until 7 or 8 o?clock at night. Most North American families don?t have time to prepare a meal. That is __34_________ fast food is so popular in North America. People _____35_____ about 40% of their dollars on fast food. People usually buy fast food from restaurant chains such as Pizza Hut, McDonald?s, or KFC,__ 36______ they can enjoy pizza, sandwiches, fried chicken, and so on. Fast food saves work and time, but it is not __37_________ (nutrition). Fast food is popular in many countries. American fast-food companies now have restaurants all over the world. But not __38________ is happy about the spread(扩展) of North American fast food. A group of people in Italy want to fight __39_______ the spread of American fast food. They don?t like the idea of more fast food chains __40__________(open) restaurants in their country. 25 Many people keep small fish _31_______ pets. They keep them in a tank of water. The tank is made of glass. People can _32________ through it. They can see inside the tank and watch the fish. The fish need room. They mustn?t be crowded. They need _33_______ to breathe. __34_____ must be enough water for all fish. So the size of the tank is very important. In the tank people put small plants __35________ are good for fish. They give oxygen to the water. Plants help in other ways, too. They can hide __36_______ the plants and sleep, lay eggs there. The fish __37______ be kept in water all the time. Some can jump high. So the tank should be covered. This keeps the fish __38________ (jump) out. The fish need food and should be fed every day. But __39____________ you give them too much food, it is very bad, for the extra food will fall to the bottom and make the water dirty. So the fish should get just enough food and finish __40___________ in ten minutes. Nothing should be left.
26 Recently, a website has carried out a survey (31)________ the common view on graduates from Beijing University. 28% of the (32)__________(interview) companies think that they are quite (33)_______(satisfy) with the graduates from Beijing University. The graduates (34)______ their companies have a wide range of (35)________(know) and they learn things very quickly and easily. (36)_________, most of the companies don?t think much (37)_________ graduates from Beijing University. In their eyes, the graduates always stick to their own opinions and lack the teamwork spirit (38)_________ working. Besides, they may not be satisfied with their jobs, even with big companies, and they usually ask for too much. (39)_______ a result, 34% of the companies insist that they will not employ graduates from Beijing University. In brief, society and (40)________ the students themselves expect too much from graduates from Beijing University. That?s why a graduate claims that he is rubbish. 27 We may be very 31 (please) with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study, but we have almost done nothing to improve our present examination systems 32 focus on testing the students? memory instead of their 33 ______ (able). As soon as a child begins school, he enters a world of examination 34 _________ will decide his future of job. In fact, a good examination system should encourage students to think 35 _________ themselves. But the examination now does nothing but that. It forces the students to remember 36 is taught to get high marks. Thus the students who come out first in the examination often many be the 37 (good) in their studies. In addition, such an examination system often 38 _____ (drive) teachers to cram all the time and forces them to train students what to do with the 39 ____ (come) examination. There must be a better way to test a 40 (student) true ability as well as their knowledge. 28 More American people take their troubles with them on holiday, according to a new survey. 31 40 percent said that the main reason for going away is to escape 32 (press) from work, almost all said they worry more 33 they do at home. Only four in every one hundred said that they are happy and free of care. The most common worry is burglary（入室盗窃）, with four out of ten worrying about their homes 34 (break) into while they are abroad. More than a quarter feel they will feel crazy 35 some other noisy and rough holiday-makers and twenty-two percent worry they may be attacked 36 their possessions will be 37 (miss). The survey also showed 38 the stay-at-home Americans are no more. Three out of every five want to have a holiday abroad, which was 39 increase from the figures only three years ago. The hotel holiday is still a winner, with about one third of all Americans 40 (prefer) to go on a self-catering（自助） holiday. 29 Millions of words have been said about young people in the United States. There are reasons 31 this great interest in their ideas, 32 (feel) and actions. Today there are about eight million Americans in the colleges and universities. The young under twenty-five
make 33 nearly half of the American population, many of 34 will be in power in the U.S. 35 (nature) their ideas are important to everyone in the country, and 36 is necessary for the older people to understand 37 they think and feel. College students today have strong 38 (opinion) about right and wrong. They are deeply interested in making a 39 (good) life for all the people, especially for those 40 _____ have never been given a fair chance before. 30 I was on my way to the Taiyetos Mountains. The sun was setting when my car 31 (break) down near a remote and poor village. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to 32 should have the honor of receiving me 33 a guest in their house. Finally, I accepted the offer of an old woman who lived alone in a little house. While she was getting me 34 (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to 35 small town some 20 kilometres away 36 there was a garage. I had noticed three hens running free in my hostess?s courtyard and that night one of them ended up in a dish on my table. 37 villagers brought me goat's cheese and honey. We drank together and talked 38 (merry) till far into the night. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in the village, I wanted to reward the old woman 39 the trouble I had caused 40 . 31 Dawn graduated several years ago. She __31__________(be) a successful model, and 31________(find) a job had not been a problem ─ until _33_________(recent). When Dawn did start trying to find another type of job , she found in interview after interview that computer literacy(能力)was a must to 34 _____(employ). __35_______ Dawn had always been afraid of learning computer while in college ─ our school didn?t require to learn computer at that time — she managed to get a degree __36_______ ever confronting(面对) a computer. Finally, after months of searching for a job, Dawn failed. She had to admit that sidestepping (回避) computer literacy(读写能力) hadn?t been a good idea. _37______, She enrolled in a computer course at 38 ____adult vocational school. __39__________(surprise), although she had been afraid of learning computer, she took to computers __40________much that after about a year she opened her own computer-based business. 32 Will __31_______ matter if you don?t take your breakfast? Recently a test __32________ (give) in the United Sates. Those tests included people of different __33________ from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes they got __34__________ breakfast at all. Special tests were set up to see ___35________ well their bodies worked and when they had eaten ___36_________ certain kind of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with better effect __37_________ if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be ___38_________ (especial)
true if a person works __39_______ his brains. For example, if a student eats fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he will learn more quickly and listen with __40_______ (much) attention in class. 33 I was always told that the three Ps, patience, positive thinking and perseverance（毅力），were a sure path 31 success. But this advice does not always work as planned. My high school maths exam is one example. The exam, 32 was originally to be held in our classroom, 33 (change) to the library at the last minute. This, 34 ， didn?t bother me because maths had always been my strongest subject. I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax 35 ．But my mood quickly changed when I saw 36 first question. I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay positive and persevered 37 I finally found the solution. With the problem 38 (solve), I felt proud of my achievement. 39 (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left 40 (complete) the rest! 34 Enough sleep is important to health. The amount of sleep needed __31________ on the age of the person and the conditions in ___32_______ sleep takes place. The young may need more sleep than ___33_______ old, but usually eight hours are enough for the health of grown-ups. Some can do with __34________ than this amount, but others may need more. Every person knows his own need. ___35_______ is then a matter of good judgment to satisfy his need. Sleep __36________ always be enough to make one bring back his __37________ (strong) and get ready for a day?s work. Fresh air is necessary to sound sleep. So it is not __38_________ reason for some people to think that it is practicable to sleep in the open air. A bath at bedtime, __39________ hot nor cool but of body temperature, may be helpful to sleep. Sleep-producing drug(帮助睡眠的药物) should never be taken except when ___40_________ (suggest) by a doctor. 35 Snake dishes have become popular __31________ recent years. Snake meat in various flavors (风味) is often seen in restaurant ads. Eating snake seems to be now in vogue(盛行), and if you haven?t eaten snake yet, you __32_________(consider) “out of date”. But I wonder___33__________ all the trends are worth following. Some people may defend themselves __34_______ saying that snake meat is nutritious. But these people don?t realize that many parasites(寄生虫)，__35_______ do harm to our health, are found inside snakes. According __36_________ a survey, about 1000 tons of snakes are eaten every year in China and sometimes as ___37_________ as 10 tons of snakes are served on dinner tables in Shenzhen in a single day! These figures warns us that if no action is taken, __38_______ number of snakes will drop and make an increase in mice and worms population, which will __39_______ in a decrease(减产) of crop output. Who will see such tragedy happen?
So let?s start not to eat snakes any more because “to protect the snake is to protect __40________.” 36 In the days when an ice cream cost much less, Tom, ___31 __ 8-year-old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop ___32 __ sat at a table. A waitress put a glass of water in front of him. “How much is an ice cream?” “Fifty-cents,” replied the waitress. The little boy pulled __33 _ right hand out of the pocket and studied a number of 34 in it. “How much is a dish of plain ice cream?” he asked. Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a bit __35 _ (patience). “Thirty-five cents.” she said __36 _ (rude). The little boy carefully counted the coins ___37___ .“I will have a plain ice cream,” he said. The waitress walked _38 __ __ . The boy finished the ice cream, paid the cashier and left. It was not long _39 __ the waitress came back and then she began to wipe down the table and suddenly was surprised at what she saw. There, _40 __ (place) neatly beside the empty dish, were two nickels and five pennies — her tip!
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6 who 7 in 8 polluted 9 importance 10 if 16 1 to win 2 After 3 proud 4 but (also) 5 wonderfully 6 an 7 all 8 can 9 But 10 what 17 1. accustomed 2. an / every 3. tasty 4. result in / lead to 5. but 6 .What 7 .which 8 .However 9 .growth 10. eating 18 1. other 2. mother?s 3. apology 4. where 5. interested 6. reading 7. from 8. After equality 10. were published 19 1. late 2. without 3. worse 4. until 5. between 6 . Flowers 7 . introduction 8. only 9. conversation 10. by 20 1. nineteenth 2. where 3. or 4. tells 5. the 6. other 7. themselves 8. thankful 9. forward 10. living 21 1. To 2. from 3 but. 4. cause 5.which 6. regarded/considered 7. mindful 8. would 9. or 10. permission 22 1. it 2. on / about 3. unselfish 4. required 5. saying 6. should 7. other 8. so 9. worse 10. the 23 1．honour (honor) 2．but(but also) 3．take 4．written 5．how 6．by 7． Instead 8．which 9．effective 10．Can 冲刺突破三十六篇 1. 31. latest 32. how 33. what 34. journalists 35. or 36. photographers 37. developed 38. Other 39. Finally 40.delivered 2 31. was honored 32. married 33. where 34. lawyer 35. surprisedly 36. organization 37. independence 38. including 39. However 40.Unfortunately 3 31. unhappiness 32. appearance 33. that/which 34. were impressed 35. hid 36. between 37. because 38. fortunately 39. what 40. running 4 31. stolen / had been stolen 32. at 33. back 34. amazement 35. which 36. inconvenience 37. for 38. the 39.when 40. another 5 31.angrily 32.other 33.to talk 34.promised 35. for 36. when 37. another 38.that 39.that 40. hotel?s 6 31.but. 32.what 33.where 34. reality 35.it 36.as 37.because 38.to 39 unknown. 40.such
7 31.can 32.or 33.caused 34.a 35.beginner 36.during 37.When 38.close 39.exciting 40. ever 8 31. of 32. until 33. existence 34. commonly 35. is intended 36. an 37. that 38. may 39. what 40. however 9 31.until 32.disappears 33.what 34.snowy 35. woolen 36. this 37.then 38.worse 39.had known 40.with 10 31.because 32.surprising 33.than 34.much 35.everywhere 36.but 37.easier 38.about 39.who 40.what 11 31.most 32.truth 33.but 34.louder 35.up 36.what 37.would 38.either 39.my 40.never 12 31.as 32.latest 33.ommunicating 34.other 35.However 36.associated 39.on 40.be broadcast 13 31.enough 32.living 33.natural 34.on 35.polluted 36.to keep 37.growing 38. everywhere 39. others 40.the 14 31.German 32. when 33. that 34. for 35. remains 36. Russians 37. a 38. Following 39. the 40. to celebrate 15 31. any 32. so 33. if/whether 34. against 35. will be killed 36. sadly 37. foolish 38. themselves 39. to run 40. will 16 31. 1960s 32. totally 33. that 34. standing 35. until 36. connected 37. with 38. have been used 39. billions 40. being used 17 31. have disappeared 32. The most famous 33.tens 34. before 35. to find 36. like 37. were joined 38. out 39. too 40. for 18 31. whom 32. on 33. had looked 34.looking 35. while 36.were copied 37.more serious 38. up 39. reunited 40. celebration 19 31.it 32.telling 33.Whoever 34.and 35. next 36.away 37.successful 38.again 39.One 40.but 20 31. development 32. suffer 33. illnesses 34. by 35. poisonous 36. factor 37. Besides 38. against 39. environmental 40. be solved 21
31. eating 32. uncooked 33. However 34. either 35. between 36. Besides/In addition to 37. that / which 38. regularly 39. motivated 40. lessen 22 31 broke 32 to be killed 33 no 34 cause 35 experienced 36 whether/if 37 of 38 To 39 telling 40 other 23 31 the 32 whether/if 33 at 34 sat 35 them 36 though/although 37 Concerned 38 could/should 39 for 40 lessons 24 31 a 32 after 33 don?t 34 why 35 spend 36 where 37 nutritious 38 everyone/everybody 39 against 40 opening
25 31 as 32 look 33 oxygen 34 There 35 that/which 36 among 37 must/should 38 jumping 39 if 40 it 26 31. about 32. interviewed. 33. satisfied 34. in 35. knowledge 36. However 37. of 38. while 39. As 40. even 27 31. pleased 32. which 33. ability 34. which/ that 35. for 36. what 37. best 38. drives 39. coming 40. student?s 28 31. Although 32. pressure 33. than 34. being broken 35. about 36. or 37. missing 38. that 39. an 40. preferring 29 31. for 32. feelings 33. up 34. whom 35. Naturally 36. it 37. what 38. opinions 39. better 40. who 30 31.broke 32. who 33. as 34.settled 35. a 36. where 37. other 38.merrily 39. for 40. her 31 31. had been 32. finding 33. recently. 34 employment 35. Since 36 without 37. Therefore/Thus 38 .an 39.Surprisingly 40. so 32 31 it 32 was given 33 ages 34 no 35 how 36 a 37 than 38 especially 39 with 40 more 33 31. to 32. which 33．was changed 34. however 35. myself 36. the 37. until 38. solved 39. Unfortunately 40. to complete 34 31 depends 32 which 33 the 34 less 35 It 36 should 37 strength 38 without 39 neither 40 suggested 35
31 in 32 are considered 33 if/whether 34 by 35 which 36 to 37 many 38 the 39 result 40 ourselves 36 31. an 32. and 33. his 34. coin 35. impatient 36. rudely 37. again 38. away/off 39. before 40. placed
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