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Unit 2《English around the world》Reading (II)(人教版)


Unit 2 English around the world
Reading (Ⅱ)

Preview
Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据提示写出英语单词或写出英语单词的汉语意思。

1. command _________ n.& vt. order; control
2. request ________ n.

& vt. 要求,请求 actually adv. really; as an actual fact 3. ________ recognize vt. 辨认出;承认;公认 4. _________

fluent adj.流利的; 流畅的 5. _______ 6. _______ native adj. 本国的;本地的 n. 本国人;本地人 straight adj. 直的;正直的 7. ________ adv. 直接;挺直 base vt. 以??为根据 n. 基础 8. _____ gas n. 汽油;气体;煤气;毒气 9. _____

10. ______ block n. 街区;块 vt. 阻塞;封锁

11. identity n. 12. frequent adj. 13. official adj. 14. voyage n. 15. gradual adj.

本身;本体;身份 ________________ 频繁的;常见的 ________________ 官方的;正式的;公务的 ________________________

航行;航海;海上旅行 ____________________
逐渐的;逐步的 ______________

16. vocabulary n. 词汇;词汇量;词表 ___________________ 电梯;升降机 17. elevator n. ____________

18. apartment n. 公寓住宅 __________ 19. expression n. 词语;表示;表达 ________________
20. accent n. 口音;腔调 __________

Ⅱ. 重点词组 将下列词组译成英语或汉语。 play a part (in) 扮演一个角色;参与 1. _____________ 2. _______ such as 例如??;像这种的
up 走近;上来;提出 3. come _______

4. __________ be based on 以??为基础
make full use of 充分利用;充分使用 5. ______________

at present 目前;现在 6. _________
7. even ____________ if/though 即使;尽管 8. communicate ________________ with 与??交流;通消息;相连

信不信由你 9. believe it or not __________ 因为;由于 10. because of___________

11. at the end of the 16th century
在十六世纪末 ___________

12. by the end of the 16th century
到十六世纪末 _____________ 13. move from one place to another 从一个地方搬到另一个地方 _________________________ 比以往任何时候 14. than ever before_______________

Language Points
Ⅰ重点单词

1. base vt. 以??为根据 n. 基部;基地;基础
It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.(P10) 当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。 There is a door at the base of the tower. 在塔的底部有一扇门。 What are you basing this theory on?

你这种理论的根据是什么?

【拓展】 base 作名词,意为“根基,基底,底座”;base也可用作动词, 意为“以??根据,以??为基础”,常用于be based on/upon 其主动式为base …on/upon…。

【即学即练】
(1)他把希望寄托在我们昨天得到的好消息上。 He based his hopes on the good news we had yesterday. (2)这部小说是以事实为根据的。 The novel is based on fact.

2. command n. &vt. 命令,指令 Can you find the following command and request from

Reading? (P12)
你能从阅读当中找到下面的“命令”和“请求”吗?

They command him to come down.
他们命令他下来。 The officer commanded his soldiers to fire. 那名军官命令士兵们开火。 He commanded that each of them (should) come at 8:00.

他命令他们每一个人八点到。

【拓展】

command 可用作名词,意为“命令,控制,指挥”,常用
于 短语have a command of … 意为“掌握,运用能力(尤指 对语言) ” ;command 也可用作动词,意为“命令,控制, 管辖” 常用于:command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事; command (=order) that 从句“命令??”(从句用虚拟语气,

即should+ do形式,should可省略)。

【即学即练】 1.她在巴黎长大的,所以精通法语。 a good command Since she grew up in Paris, she has _________________ of French.

2. 将军命令士兵尽快撤退。
commanded the soldiers to retreat(撤退) The general _________________________ as soon as possible.

Ⅱ重点短语

1.because of 因为;由于
Later in the next century, people from England made

voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of
that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.(P9)

后来,在17世纪英国人开始航海征服了世界其他地区。于是,
许多别的国家开始说英语了。

【辨析】

because of, owing to, due to, on account of,

thanks to 这五个短语都有“由于,因为”的意思,都是介

词短语,因此后面不可接从句。
(1) because of意为“由于,因为”,强调因果关系,在句 中一般作状语。 (2) owing to与because of一样,也强调因果关系,作表语或 状语。

(3) due to引出造成后果的原因,在句中常作表语、状语。
作状语时与owing to同义,但due to一般不置于句首。

(4) on account of与because of, owing to同义,但语气较为
正式, 可作状语、表语。

(5) thanks to 只能用作状语,可以表达正面意思,“幸
亏”,也可用于讽刺口吻中(近于讽刺口吻的 “感谢”)。

【即学即练】 (1)He arrived at the office late this morning B . A. due to there was a storm B. due to the storm

C. because of there was a storm
D. because the storm (2)The open-air celebration has been put off D the bad weather. A. in case of B. in spite of

C. instead of

D. because of

2. come up 走近,上来,提出 I’d like to come up to your apartment.(P10) 我很乐意到你的公寓去。 He came up to me and asked for a light. 他走到我跟前来借火。

The subject came up in the conversation.
谈话中提到了这个话题。

【拓展】

come about
come on come down come to come across

产生
赶快,快点;发展 降落;跌落;流传 苏醒;共计;达到 偶遇,碰到;产生效果

come true
come up with

成为现实;证实
找到或提出(答案、办法等)

【即学即练】 用come的相关短语填空 came up ( 1 ) As the project ___________at the meeting, it drew everybody’s attention. come across ( 2 ) During your English study, you will _____________ many difficulties.

(3) They aren’t afraid when they their study.

the difficulties in

【 2012南阳高一检测】
A. come up C. come about B. come to D. come out

【解析】选B。句意:当他们提到学习当中的困难时,他们 不害怕。come up意为“到来,来到”; come to此处意为 “涉及,提到”; come about意为“产生”;come out意为

“出来,长出,发芽”。

3.at present 现在;目前 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present ___________.(P 10) 当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。

We do not have any more information at present.
目前我们没有进一步的消息。

The situation for college students is very serious at present.
对于大学生来说现在形势是很严峻的。

【拓展】 at the present time (=for the present) 眼前,暂时 be present at the meeting 出席会议

present sb. with sth. 把某物赠给/颁发/授予某人
present sth. to sb. (出)某物 present sth. 展现某物 把某物颁发给某人/向某人提交

【即学即练】

(1)出席这次会议的大部分人是科学家。
present at the conference were Most of the people _______________________ scientists. (2)她现在很忙,不能同你说话。

at present and can’t speak to you. She’s busy____________

Ⅲ 典型句式 1.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.(P10) 以英语为母语的人,即使所讲的英语种类不尽相同,他 们也可以互相理解。 even though , 意 为 本 句 中 的 even if 相 当 于 _____________ “即使,尽管 ____________”,引导让步状语从句。even if/though所 引导的让步状语从句可用现在时代替 将来时。

Even if we have learned “even though”, we still find it

difficult to use.
尽管我们学过“even though”,但我们还是发现运用它很难。 Mr. Smith likes to help us even if/though he is very busy. 史密斯先生虽然很忙,但他还是愿意帮我们。 【即学即练】 B one has graduated from college, one should still ______ continue to learn. A. For B. Even if C. As if D. Since

2.Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.(P10) 如今,学英语的中国人在迅速增多。 The number of students is 2, 000 . 学生的数量是2000人 。 本句中the number of 的意思是“??的数量”。谓语动 词用单数 _________。

【辨析】
a number of是“大量的” 相当于a lot of ,后面接名词复数, 谓语 动词用复数。 the number of是“??的数量”, 后面接名词复数 ,谓语 动词 用单数。

【即学即练】 1. The number of the people who speak English and a large number of people native speakers. large,

A. are; are

B. is; are

C. is; is

D. are; is

【解析】选B。句意:说英语的人的数量很大,并且大量的人 是以英语为母语的人。the number of …表示“??的数量”, 谓语动词用单数;a number of…表示“大量的”,谓语动词用 复数,故答案选B。

2. He has ______ books and ______ of the books is more

than 10,000 copies.
【 2012湖州 高一检测】 A. a great deal of; the number of B. a lot of; a number of C. a great many; a number of D. a number of; the number of

【解析】选 D 。句意:他拥有大量的书,并且书的数目超 过一万多本。根据第一个空后的books可以得知选修饰可数

名词复数的短语,a great deal of 只修饰不可数名词。第二
个空后的谓语动词为单数,结合句意为“??的数目”, 故用the number of… 。

【趣味阅读】 How to enrich your English vocabulary? Love your words. You have to and really want to learn new vocabulary if you’re going to succeed. Look up words you don ’ t know whenever you encounter them. After encountering and looking up a word

several times, you should eventually be able to remember its
definition(定义).

Find a friend who speaks English. It’s good to practice
using your new words. With a web connection, your conversation partner does not need to live near you. You can email, chat, and even phone each other using your computers. A friend who understands that you are learning can help you

practice, use new words in your conversations, and offer you
advice. Since talking to a friend is fun, it won’t feel like work! If your friend wants to learn your language, too, it will be easier for both of you to understand each other’s

mistakes.

【达标检测】
1.No one likes the way A. which B./ C. how he speaks to others. D. if

【解析】选 B 。句意:没有人喜欢他和别人说话的那种方 式。 way后为定语从句,其在定语从句中作状语,关系词

可用that, in which或省略,故选B项。

2. Many questions ______ at the meeting, but he could

answer none of them.
【2012温州高一检测 】 A. came up B. came out C. came up with D. came about

【解析】选A。句意:会议上提及了许多问题,但是他一 个也回答不上来。A项“被提及,被讨论”; B项“出版,

发芽,开花”; C项“提出,想出”; D项“发生,造
成”。

3.What

of English he

!

【2012金华高一检测】
A.good command; is at C.good command; are B.a good command; has D.good command; has

【解析】选 B 。句意:他对英语掌握得多好啊!此题是 have a command of… 短语的变形,意思是“掌握,运 用??的能力(尤指对语言)”。

4.The money collected should be made good use

the

people in South Asia who suffered a lot in the earthquake
and the tsunami (海啸). A. of helping C. to helping B. to help D. of to help

【解析】选D。句意:募捐的这笔钱应该被充分地利用来 帮助在地震和海啸中遭受了重大损失的南亚人 。句中 make use of用的是被动形式,to help...作目的状语。

5. She felt very upset ___________ what her deskmate said.

【2012温州高一检测】
A. because B. because of C. as if D. unless

【解析】选B。 句意:因为她同桌所说的话,她感到非常 不安。A项because后需接原因状语从句,此句中 what her deskmate said相当于名词,即 what引导的名词性从句。C

项“好像”;D项“除非,如果不”。

6.The number of people who language A. learns; is C. learns; are more than 750 million. B. learn; are D. learn; is

English as a foreign

【解析】选D。句意:有超过七亿五千万的人把英语当成外 语来学。第一空先行词为people,故定语从句的谓语动词要 用复数;the number of修饰名词作主语时,表示“??的 数量”,谓语动词用单数,故选D项。

7. The film ______ on the book by Jack London is well

worth ______.
【2012开封高一检测 】 A. basing; seeing C. to be based; to see B. based; being seen D. based; seeing

【解析】选 D。句意:这本以Jack London所写的书为

基础的电影非常值得一看。based on 在句中作后置定语,
修饰the film; be well worth 后需跟动名词。

8.______ you saw him pick up the wallet, you can’t say that

he stole it yet.
A. In case B. Even if C. Since D. When

【解析】选B。 句意:即使你看见他捡起了钱包,你也不 能说是他偷的。A项“万一,以防”;C项“自从,既

然”;D项 “当??时候”。

9. Barbara is my closest friend. We have known each other for years, since we were babies ______. A. gradually B. actually C. frequently D. entirely 【解析】选B。句意:Barbara 是我最亲密的朋友,我们 认识很多年了。实际上,从我们是孩子的时候就认识了。 A项“逐渐地”;C项“经常地”;D项“完全地”。

10. I was about to give up when I A. came about C. put up with B. came out

a good idea.

D. came up with

【解析】选D。句意:我正要放弃,这时我想到了一个 好 主意。 come about 发生,产生; come out 出版,出现; put up with忍受;come up with提出,想出。


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