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人教高中英语教材解读必修4 Unit 5 Theme parks


Unit 5 Theme parks
theme central whichever various whichever 重 fantasy 点 amusement 掌 swing 握 attraction wherever unique engine cartoon tourism carpenter sword tournament settler translat

or be famous for no wonder n.题目;主题(曲) adj.中心的,中央的 pron.无论哪一个;任何一个 adj.不同的;各种各样的 pron.无论哪一个,任何一个 n.幻想;怪念头 n.消遣,娱乐 n.秋千;摇摆; vt.&vi.摇摆;摆 动 n.有吸引力的事物;吸引 adv.&conj.无论在什么地方;各 处 adj.独一无二的;仅有的 n.引擎,发动机 n.漫画;动画片 n.旅游业 n.木匠 n.剑 n.锦标赛;联赛 n.移民;殖民者 n.译员;翻译 以??而闻名 难怪;不足为奇 preserve length deed athletic minority creature sunlight advance advanced outing admission freeway cloth jungle brand shuttle souvenir sneaker brochure in advance get close to vt.保存;保留;n.保护区 n.长度;长 n.行动;事迹 adj.运动的 n.少数;少数民族 n.生物;动物 n.阳光 vt.&vi.前进;促进;提前 n.前 进,进步 adj.高级的;先进的 n.外出;短途旅行;远足 n.允许进入;入场费;承认 n.高速公路 n.布 n.丛林 n.商标;牌子 n.往返汽车;航天飞机 n.纪念品 n.运动鞋 n.小册子,指南 提前 接近

单 词

识 记 理 解

知 识 目 标
短 语

新 学 掌 be modeled after 根据??模仿;仿造 come to life 活跃起来 握 be familiar with take part in 对??熟悉 参加(活动) 温 have fun doing face to face 做某事有乐趣 面对面地 习 sth. 巩 take care of together with 照顾,喜爱 与??一起 固 come across provide... to... 偶然遇到 提供??给?? 1. “疑问词-ever”引导的让步状语从句 Whichever and whatever you like, there is a theme park for you!(点 3, P4) 2. whether...or... 引导的让步状语从句 (点 5,P4) (拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P102 学习目标重点句型 2) 3. wherever 引导的地点状语从句 With all these attractions, no wonder tourism is increasing wherever there is a Disneyland. (点 7,P5) 4. 不 定 式 短 语 作 目 的 状 语 (点 13,P8) (拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P102 学习目标重点句型 3) 5. 过去分词短语作时间状语 Opened in 1987, Futuroscope is one of the largest space age parks in the world. (点 2,P11) 6. not only... but also... Futuroscope is not only for individuals, but is also the perfect mix of fun and learning for class outings. (点 6,P12) Word formation 构词法 Asking the way 问路 Giving directions 指路 Explanatory writing: brochure 解说性写作:宣传手册 1

句 型

能 力 目 标

语 法 交 际 写 作

Warming Up & Pre-reading
【要点解读】
Can you guess which are parks and which are theme parks? 你能猜出哪些是公园,哪些是主题公园吗?(P33) 点 1 theme n.题目;主题 考查热度★☆☆ ?The theme for tonight's talk is education. 今天谈话的题目是教育。 ?The theme of the poem is love and peace. 这首诗的主题是爱与和平。 ?You and Me is the theme song of the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. 《你和我》是 2008 年北京夏季奥运会的主题歌。 The topic/theme/subject for his lecture is “Learn From Comrade Lei Feng”.? Central Park 中央公园 (P33) 点 2 central adj.中心的,中央的 考查热度★☆☆ ?The Chinese central government is carrying out various fine polices to get rid of the poverty in remote rural areas. 中国中央政府正在偏远的农村地区执行各种好的脱贫正 策。 ?Our library is located in the central part of our school 我们的图书馆位于学校的中心。

辨析
theme 指论文、演讲、音乐等的主题或主旨、中心 等 , 较 正 式 。 常 用 搭 配 : theme song/park/music/tune 等 。 有 时 可 与 topic 和 subject 换用。 指讨论、文章等的题目、话题,是通俗用语。 常用搭配:topic sentence 等 指讨论、研究、作品等的主题或题目 , 可以是 明确提出的, 也可以是意会的。

拓展
centre/center 中心,中央 ?It’s only half an hour ’ bicycle ride from the city centre to our school. 从市中心到我们学校只有半个小时的汽车路程。

topic subject

例练 2
(翻译句子)交通灯是由一台中心电脑控制的。 The traffic lights are controlled by a central computer.

例练 1
(完成句子) 他演讲的题目是“向雷锋同志学习”。

Reading & Comprehending
【课文对译】
(拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P103)

2

【要点解读】
There are various kinds of theme parks, with a different park for almost everything: food, culture, science, cartoons, movies or history. 主题公园有不同的种类,不同的公园有 不同的主题,几乎囊括了一切:食物、文化、科学、卡 通、电影或历史。 点 1 various adj.各种各样的 考查热度★☆☆ ?Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular. 在各种体育运动中,我特别喜欢慢跑。 你需要参加各种各样的课外活动,比如运动会,足球比赛 和歌咏比赛。

例练 1
(1)选词填空 (various, variety) ①We held a variety of English activities regularly. ②The students had various games in the PE classes. (2) Nowadays,people get news around them and about the world from ____ media,on TV,by radio,in the newspaper or on the Internet. A.formal B.precious C.various D.normal 【点拨】句意:如今,人们从媒体、电视、收音机、报纸 或网络上获得他们身边和世界各地的新闻。 various 不同 的,各种各样的。 formal 正式的,正规的;precious 珍贵 的,贵重的;normal 正常的。根据 media 后列举的内容, 可知选 C。 3

拓展
variety n.变化,多样性,种类 a variety of 不同的,各样的 varieties of 各种各样的 all kinds/sorts/types of 各种各样的 ?There are a variety of toys to sell in this shop. 这家商店出售各种各样的玩具。 ? You need to take part in all kinds of class activities, such as sports meetings, football games and singing competitions.

Some parks are famous for having the biggest or longest roller coasters, others for showing the famous sights and sounds of a culture.有一些主题公园因为有最大或者最 长的山车而闻名,有些则因展示了文化中那些著名的视 觉景象和声音而闻名。(P34)

注意啦
no matter which 结构 只能引导状语从句

句析句中 others 后省略了 are famous for。
点 2 be famous for 因??而闻名 be famous as 作为??而闻名 be famous to sb. 为某人所熟知 ?Guilin is famous for its beautiful scenery. 桂林因其美景而闻名。 ?This area is famous as a green tea producing place. 这个地区作为绿茶产地而著名。 ?Yao Ming is famous to most young people. 姚明为多数年轻人所知。 考查热度 ★★★

辨析
“无论哪一个/些??”,是对已知条件的有范围 的选择 “无论什么??”是对未知情况的无范围的 whatever 询问或陈述 ?Whichever day you come, I’ll be pleased to see you. whichever 无论你哪天来,我都欢迎。(某段时间内的任何一天) ?Whatever you do, you should do it well. 无论你做什么事情,都要做好。 ( 事先不知是什么事或哪 些事)

拓展
be well-known for 因??而闻名 be well-known as 作为??而闻名 be well-known to sb. 为某人所熟知 ?He is well-known for his knowledge in geography. 他以在地理方面的广博知识而闻名 ?She is well-known as an illustrator of children's books. 她是个著名的儿童书籍插图画家。 ?His temper was well known to all his employees. 他的全部员工都熟知他的脾气。

例练 3
(1)完成句子 Whichever/No matter which foreign language (无论哪种外语) you study, you should put your heart into it. (2) (2013?江西高考)___ one of you breaks the window will have to pay for it. A. Whoever B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Wherever. 【点拨】句意:无论你们中哪一个打破了玻璃都必须赔 偿。A 项意为“无论谁” ;B 项意为“无论什么” ;C 项意 为“无论哪一个” ;D 项意为“无论在哪里” 。只有 whichever 后面可以接代词 one。故选 C。 It will bring you into a magical world and make your dreams come true, whether you are travelling through space, visiting a pirate ship or meeting your favourite fairy tale or Disey cartoon character. 无论你是在太空遨游,参观海盗 船,还是邂逅你最喜欢的童话故事或者迪斯尼卡通里的人 物,迪斯尼都会把你带到魔幻的世界。(P34) 点 4 whether...or...引导的让步状语从句考查热度★★★ whether... or... “ 无 论 / 不 管 ? ? 是 否 ( 是 ? ? 还 是) ??,??都??” ? Whether you believe it or not, it's true. 无论你是否相信,这都是真的。

例练 2
(1)(汉译英)北京因许多名胜古迹而闻名。 Beijing is famous/well-known for its many places of interests. (2) He is famous both ___a novelist and poet but he is more famous ____ his novels. A. for; as B. with; for C. as; for D. like; as 【点拨】句意:他是一个杰出的小说家和诗人,但是使他 更出名的还是他的小说。be famous for 因为?而著名;be famous as 作为?而著名。选 C。 Whichever and whatever you like, there is a theme park for you!. 不论你喜欢哪一个,喜欢什么,总会有适合你 的主题公园!(P34)

例练 4
(1)翻译句子 不管你是否喜欢这个工作,你都得马上去做它。 Whether you like the job or not, you have to do it right now. (2)—Dad, I've finished my homework. —Good, and __ you play or watch TV, you mustn't disturb me. A. whenever B. whether C. whatever D. no matter 【点拨】句意:—爸爸,我写完作业了。—好样的,不管 你是玩还是看电视,你都不要打扰我。由题干中的 or 可 知,这是由 whether...or...引导的让步状语从句。选 B。 With all these attractions, no wonder tourism is increasing wherever there is a Disney. 4

句析句中 whichever 和 whatever 引导的是让步状语从句,
相当于 no matter which and no matter what。 点 3 “疑问词-ever”引导的让步状语从句考查热度★★★ whichever pron. 无论哪一个 , 它即可以引导让步状语从 句,也可以引导名词性从句。 ? Whichever side wins, I shall be satisfied. =No matter which side wins, I shall be satisfied. 不管哪边赢,我都会感到满意。(让步状语从句) ?Whichever (≠no matter which) you want is yours. 你要哪个,哪个就是你的。(名词性从句)

有这么多引人入胜的东西,难怪哪里有迪斯尼乐园, 哪里的旅游业就会发展。(P34)

她新的饮食和锻炼计划对她产生了奇效。 (2)vt.&vi. 怀疑,想知道;对??感到惊奇 wonder +(that)从句或 怀疑??;对??感到惊奇 wonder if/whether 从句 不知(想知道)是否?? wonder at/about sth. 对??感到惊讶或疑惑 wonder to do sth. 做某事感到惊讶或惊奇 ?I wonder (that) she has won the race. 我对她赢了比赛感到惊讶。 ?I wonder if you will succeed. 我不知道你会不会成功。 ?I wonder at your allowing her to do such a thing. 我对你允许她做这样的事感到惊讶。 ?I wonder to see her looking so cheerful. 我很惊讶地发现她如此 高兴。

句析 no wonder 一句是省略句,补充完整为 it is no wonder
that tourism...;其中 wherever 引导的是地点状语从句。 点 5 attraction n.有吸引力的事物,吸引 考查热度★★☆ ?In terms of the tourist attractions, perhaps I would like to go Beijing most. 说到旅游胜地,也许我最想去北京。 ?City life holds few attractions for me. 城市生活中没有什么吸引我的东西。

拓展
attract vt.吸引 be attracted by 被??吸引 attractive adj. 吸引人的,有魅力的 ?Attracted by the beauty of the city, she decided to stay another two days. 被这个城市的美丽吸引,她决定再多逗留 2 天。 ?In the eyes of many people, city life is attractive with all its advantages and conveniences. 在许多人眼里,城市生活以他的优势和便利而诱人。

注意啦
形 似 词 wander 是 “漫步,溜达”之意

拓展
no doubt 毫无疑问, no way 没门,不行,不可能 no hurry 不必着急,不忙 no matter 不要紧,没关系 no problem 没问题,完全可以 no comment 无可奉告 ?There’s no doubt that he is lying. 毫无疑问,他在撒谎。 ?—I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her. —No way. It was not my fault. “我认为你应该给詹妮打个电话并向她道歉。 ” “不可能,那不是我的错。 ” ?—Will you help me to post the letter? —No problem. “你能帮我寄这封信吗?” “没问题。 ”

例练 5
(1)用所给词的正确形式填空 The Great Wall is such a well-known tourist attraction (attract) that millions of people come to visit it every year. (2)A barbecue party on the beach has great ______ for me. A. association B. attraction C. observation D. connection. 【点拨】句意:在海滩上举行烧烤餐会对我很有吸引力。 association 社团,联系;attraction 吸引力;observation 观 察;connection 联系。根据句意可知选 B。 点 6 no wonder 难怪 (1)n. 惊奇;惊愕;奇迹,奇观 no wonder that...=it’s no wonder that... 难怪?? It’s a wonder that... 奇怪的是??;真令人惊奇 in wonder 惊愕地,惊奇地 do/work wonders 创造奇迹;产生奇效 ?No wonder you're tired, you've been walking for hours. 难怪你累了呢,你一直走了好几个小时 ?It is no wonder that you were so late. 难怪你来得那么晚。 ?It’s a wonder that Mr. Brown recognized me after many years. 这么多年后布朗先生还认识我,真是令人惊奇。 ?The children gazed in wonder when they saw snow for the first time. 孩子们第一次见到下雪,都惊奇地盯着看。 ?Her new diet and exercise programme had worked wonders for her. 考查热度★★☆

例练 6
(1)按要求做题 ①我想知道他们去哪儿了。 (汉译英) I wonder where they have gone. ②长城是世界上七大奇迹之一。(完成句子) The Great Wall is one of the seven wonders of the world. ③The boy looked at the stranger in surprise. (同义替换) The boy looked at the stranger in wonder. (2) He hasn’t slept at all for three days. ______he is tired out. A.There is no point C.It is no wonder B.There is no need D.It is no way

【点拨】句意:他三天都没睡了,难怪他累坏了。此题考 查“It’s no wonder that...句式” ,意为“难怪??” 。选 C。 点 7 wherever 引导的地点状语从句 考查热度★★★ 5

?You can sit wherever you like. 你喜欢坐哪儿都可以。 ?The university graduates are determined to go wherever they are needed most. 大学毕业生们决定去最需要他们的地方。

的” ;personal“个人的” 。选 C。 You can even see beautiful bald eagles in the world ’s largest bald eagle preserve. 你甚至可以在世界上最大的秃 鹰保护区欣赏到美丽的秃鹰。(P34) 点 9 preserve 考查热度★★★ (1)vt.保存;保留;保护 be well/perfectly preserved 保存得好 preserve ... from(against).... 保护??免受 preserve... for. 为??而保存 ?These books are well preserved. 这些书保存得很好. ?People should preserve children from being hurt. 人们应保护儿童免于受害。 ?You should preserve your test papers for future use. 你应当把你的试卷保存起来以备将来使用。 (2) n.保护区 ?No hunting is allowed in the preserve. 保护区内禁止打猎。

拓展
wherever 还可以引导让步状语从句或名词性从句 ?Wherever you go, you should work hard. 无论你去哪儿,你都要努力工作。 ?Wherever you are from doesn’t matter indeed 无论你来自来哪里真的不重要。

例练 7
(1)(完成句子)有些人无论在哪里都很开心. Some people enjoy themselves wherever they are. (2)(2013·江苏高考)In the global economy, a new drug for cancer, ____ it is discovered, will create many economic possibilities around the world. A.whatever B.whoever C.wherever D.whichever 【点拨】句意:在全球化的经济体系中,无论在任何地方 发现的一种治疗癌症的新药都能在全世界范围内创造出无 限的赚钱可能性。从句“___ it is discovered”不缺主要成 分(主语、宾语或表语) ,因此排除连接代词 whatever, whoever, whichever 而使用连接副词 wherever。选 C。 Dollywood, in the beautiful Smoky Mountains in the southeastern USA, is one of the most unique theme parks in the world. 位于美国东南部美丽的斯莫基山脉中的多莱坞 是世界上最独特的主题公署之一。(P34) 点 8 unique adj.独特的,罕见的;独一无二的考查热度★★☆ be unique to 为……所特有的 ?He sings very well, with a very unique voice. 他歌唱得很好,有一个非常独特的嗓音。

辨析
preserve reserve 主要指为防止损害、变质等而保存,使不受 破坏,能长久保存下去。 指事先预留下来以备后用。也可用于“预 订”房间、票、座位等

?People smoke fish to preserve them. 人们熏鱼来保存鱼。 ?Sorry, sir, that table is reserved. You wouldn’t mind if we arr ange another for you, would you? 对不起,先生,那张桌子已经被预定了。我们为另一张桌 子,你不会介意吧?

拓展
protect...from/against... 保护??免受?? keep... free of/from 保护??免受?? ?You cannot protect yourself from sadness without protecting yourself from happiness. 稳不住幸福,亦躲不过悲伤。

? (拷 13 版人教教材解 读必修四 U5P103) ?The custom is unique to the region. 这种风俗是这一地区 特有的。

注意啦
unique 的发音是 /ju:'ni:k/ 前 面有冠词时加 a,而不加 an。因为 u 虽是元音字母, 但发的是辅音/ju:/

?Anti-virus software will help keep your computer free from virus. 反病毒软件将帮你保护你的电脑不受病毒侵害。

例练 9
(1)我们应该保护我们的环境免受污染。 We should preserve/protect/keep our environment from being polluted. (2)At minus 130℃,a living cell can be ____ for a thousand years. A.deserved B.protected C.preserved D.served 【点拨】句意:在零下 130 度,一个活细胞可以保存一千 年。deserve 应得;protect 保护;preserve 保存;serve 服 务。选 C。 6

例练 8
In the eyes of American parents, every child is __,so they encourage them to develop in their own way. A.familiar B.obvious C.unique D.personal 【点拨】句意:在美国父母眼中,每个孩子都是独一无二 的,因此他们鼓励孩子以自己的方式成长。unique“独一 无二的” ,符合句意。 familiar “熟悉的” ; obvious “明显

It’s world-famous for having the most length in the smallest space. 它因为在最小的空间内拥有最长的长度 而闻名于世。(P34) 点 10 length n.(时间或物体的) 长度 考查热度★☆☆ in length 长为……;在长度上 at length 最后,终于;详细地 the length of ??的长度 ?This line segment is 4 meters in length than that. 这条线段比那根长 4 米。 ?He succeeded at length. 他终于成功了。 ?The value of life lies not in the length of days, but in the use we make of them. 生命的价值不在于能活多少日子 , 而在于我们如何使用这 些日子.

正式用语,多指伟大、显著或感人的行为。 指较长的、复杂的抽象行为,强调抽象的 action “行动” ,与“words”相对。有时可与 act 换用 act 指短暂的、简单的具体的动作,强调结果 常用词,指以道义标准或礼貌来衡量的 behavior “行为,表现” ,可视为性格、教养等方面 的表现 ?Actions speak louder than words. 行动胜于言辞。 ?He was caught in the act of pick pocketing. 他在扒窃时被抓。 ?Her husband felt ashamed at her behavior. 她丈夫为她的行为感到害臊。

deed

拓展
long adj.长的 lengthen vt. 加长 ?The table is two meters long and one meter wide. 这张桌子长 2 米,宽 1 米。 ?To save time is to lengthen life. 节省时间就是延长生命。

例练 11
(1) Inspired by the spirit of comrade Lei Feng , more and more people try their best to do good deeds(做好事). (2) Keeping on doing good ___ brings us peace of mind, which is very important. A. qualities B. manners C. deeds D. acts 【点拨】句意:一直做善事使我们心境安宁,这是非常重 要的。do good deeds 做好事,是固定搭配。 Every area of the park is modelled after life in the days of King Arthur and the Kinghts of the Round Table. 园内所 有景区是按照亚瑟王和圆桌骑士生活的时代复制的。 (P34) 点 12 be modelled after 考查热度★☆☆ be modelled after/on/upon 根据??模仿;仿造 model oneself on...以??为榜样,仿效?? ?The library was modelled after the library of Congress of Washington. 这个图书馆是按华盛顿国会图书馆的式样设计建造的。 ?Mary has always modelled herself on her mother. 玛丽总是以自己的母亲为楷模。

例练 10
(1)用所给词的正确形式填空 ①The length (long) of this rope is 100 meters. ②Human cloning can lengthen (long) people's lives. (2)To make the task more practical to perform,the engineer talked _____about the measures to take at the meeting. A.at length B.in length C.at once D.at ease 【点拨】句意:为了使这个任务更具有可行性,那位工程 师在会上跟我们详尽地讨论了要采取的措施。at length 详 尽地,符合句意 ; in length 在长度上; at once 立刻,马 上;at ease 舒适。选 A。 If you want to experience the ancient days and great deeds of English knights and ladies, princes and queens, the England’s Camelot Park is the place for you. 如果你想体验 远古时代并且感受英国骑士、贵妇、王子和王后的高贵 举止,那么英国的卡莫洛特公园就再也适合不过了 。 (P34) 句析 句中 if 引导的是条件状语从句。 点 11 deed n.行动,事迹 do a good deed/ good deeds 行善,做好事 in deed 在行动上,实际上(=indeed/ in fact) ?His deeds do not agree with his words. 他言行不一。 ?It is not difficult to do a good deed but do it all the life. 做好事不难,难的是一辈子做好事。 ?He is a friend in word as well as in deed. 他是个言行如一的朋友. 考查热度★☆☆

拓展
be named after 以??命名 ?The machine is named after its inventor. 这台机器是以其发明者的名字命名的。

例练 12
The toys are _____ the animals, which are attractive to the children. A.named after C.modelled after B.looked after D.gone after

【点拨】句意:这些玩具模仿动物而制造,非常吸引孩子 们。be modelled after 根据??模仿,仿造;be named after 以??命名;look after 照料;go after 追逐。选 A。

辨析
7

To enter a world of fantasy about ancient England, come to Camelot Park. 想进入古英格兰的梦幻世界吗? 那就来卡莫洛特公园吧。(P34)

?To hear her talk, you’d think she was made of money. 听她谈话的口气,你会觉得她浑身都是钱。 (条件状语) ?The reporter hurried to the airport, only to find the plane had taken off. (结果状语) 那个记者匆忙赶到机场,结果却发现飞机已经起飞了。

句析 句中“to enter a ...England”是动词不定式短语作目
的状语。 点 13 不定式短语作目的状语 考查热度★★★ 常用 to do, in order to do (可放句首或句尾), only to do(常放 句尾); so as to do(只能放在句尾) 等来表示。 ?To improve their service, the workers of the hotel are active in learning English. 为了改进服务,这个宾馆的工作人员积极学习英语。 ?Many farmers fertilize their crops in order to make them gro w more quickly. 许多农民给庄稼施肥,为的是让庄稼长得更快些。 ?I come here only to say good-bye to you. 我来仅仅是向你告别。 ?I’ll write down his telephone number so as not to forget it. 我要把他的电话号码写下来,以免忘记。

注意啦
only to do 作结果状语时,常 放在句尾,表示意想不到的结 果。还要注意表示不定式的否 定式时,not 放在 to do 的前面

例练 13
(2013?湖南高考) ______ warm at night, I would fill the woodstove, then set my alarm clock for midnight so I could refill it. A. Staying B. Stayed C. To stay D. Stay 【点拨】句意:为了在晚上暖和些,我会往炉子里添些木 柴,并把闹钟定到午夜以便我可以再给炉火添柴火。to stay 为不定式在句中作目的状语。

拓展
不定式还可以作原因、条件、结果状语等 ?They were proud to have found the cave paintings. 找到洞穴壁画他们很骄傲。(原因状语)

Learning about Language
【要点解读】
Early American settlers were great carpenters — they could build almost anything from wood. 早期的美国定居者 是极好的木匠—他们几乎能用木头制成任何东西。(P36) 点 1 settler n.定居者 考查热度★☆☆ ?One of his forefathers was an early settler in America. 他的祖先之一是美洲的早期移民。 Mrs. Brown without hurting the feeling of either, but failed. 几个朋友试图平息布朗先生和他太太之间的争吵而又不伤 害任何一方的感情,但是失败了。 ?We should develop the students' ability to analyse and solve problems. 我们应该培养学生分析问题和解决问题的能力。

拓展
settle vt.&vi. 定居;居住;解决 settled adj.固定的;稳定的;有人居住的 settlement n.定居;解决 ?They settled in Canada last winter and now like living there. 去年冬天他们定居加拿大,现在他们喜欢住在那儿。 ?There has been a period of settled weather. 曾有一段时期天气很稳定。 ?The settlement of North America by Europeans began in the 16th century. 欧洲人于 16 世纪开始迁入美洲定居。

例练 1
(1)The first settlers came from Asia about 15,000 years ago and they settled down in California. (settle) (2) Every time he had a chance,he would talk about the great difficulty he had ________in the new country. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. settle 【点拨】句意:一有机会,他就讲他在新的国家定居所遇 到的困难。have difficulty (in)doing sth 为固定搭配,因此 选 B。 点 2 athletic adj.运动的;健壮的 考查热度 ★☆☆ ? Regardless of the weather, the athletic meeting will be held on time. 不管天气如何,运动会将按时举行。 ?John is an athletic boy. He is good at running. 约翰体魄健壮。他擅长跑步。

辨析
指彻底、完全地解决好问题、事情或某种争端。 常接 a quarrel/matter; an argument/issue 等 solve 指找到问题的答案或处理办法。常接 a problem/ puzzle/mystery; difficulties 等 ? Some friends tried to settle the quarrel between Mr. and settle

拓展
8

athlete n.运动员,健儿 athletics n.体育运动,田径运动 ?The Olympic Village is the home to all athletes. 奥运村是所有运动员的家。 ?All students are encouraged to take part in athletics. 鼓励所有学生参加体育运动。

Many experts point out that doing physical exercises every da y can keep people ______. A. athletic B. considerate C. ordinary D. particular 【点拨】句意: 很多专家指出每天进行体育锻炼能使人健 壮。athletic 运动员的;considerate 体贴的;ordinary 普通 的;particular 特别的。根据句意,A 项最佳。

例练 2

Using Language
【课文对译】
(拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P112)

【要点解读】
9

Look at the names of the minority groups on the right.看 看右边少数民族的名字。(P38) 点 1 minority n.少数民族;少数派;少数 考查热度★★☆ a/the minority of 少数的?? in a/the minority 占少数;少数的 ? The nation wants peace,only a minority wants the war to continue.? 全国人民都要和平,只有少数人希望战争继续。

等 ?Satisfied with what he did, the teacher praised him in class. 由于老师对他所做的事情很满意,于是在班上表扬了他。 ?Compared with you, I still have a long way to go. 跟你比较起来,我还差得很远呢。

例练 2
(2013 ?安徽高考 )___ in the early 20th century, the school keeps on inspiring children’s love of art. A. To found B. Founding C. Founded D. Having founded 【点拨】句意:这所学校在 20 世纪早期被建立,现在继续

? (拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P114) ?People who support these new laws are in a minority. 只有少数的人支持这些新法律。 ?Boys are very much in the minority at the dancing class. 舞蹈班里男生占极少数。

激励孩子们对艺术的热爱。本句主语是 the school ,与 found 之间是被动关系,故用过去分词作状语,选 C。 This science and technology-based theme park in France uses the most advanced technology. 这个以科技为基础的 法国主题公园使用了最先进的技术。(P38) 点 3 advance 考查热度 ★★★ (1)vt.&vi.前进;促进;提前 ?With a worker leading the way, the Young Pioneers went through the forest and advanced towards the mountain village. 在一名工人的带领下,年轻的少先队员们穿过森林,向那 个小山村前进。 ?This will further advance the friendly relations between the two countries. 这将进一步促进两国的友好关系。 ?The date of the meeting has been advanced from Friday to Wednesday. 会议日期已从星期五提前到星期三。 (2)n. 前进,进步 in advance 提前 in advance of 在??前面,超过,比??进步 ?Before visiting him, I called him up in advance. 在拜访他之前,我先打电话给他。 ?She walked in advance of her husband. 她走在她丈夫前面。 D. amount

帮你记
minor(小的)+ty(名 词后缀) :少数

拓展
minor adj.较少的,较小的,未成年的 major adj. 较多的,主要的, 主修的 majority n.多数,多数人,多数派,成年 ? The house needs major repairs. 这幢房子需要大修。 ?Do not give up good things though they may be minor matters. 勿以善小而不为。 ? A minority of the children wanted a dance, but the majority chose a picnic.? 少数孩子想举办一次舞会,而多数孩子选择了野餐。

例练 1
(1) (同义替换)Only a few of students are interested in politics. →Only a minority of students are interested in politics. (2) Most members of the committee were in favor of the suggestion, only a ___ were against it. A. majority B. minority C. quantity 【点拨】句意 : 委员会的大多数人赞同这个建议,只有少 数人反对。 majority 大多数; minority 少数; quantity 数 量;amount 数量;根据句意选 B。 Opened in 1987, Futuroscope is one of the largest space age parks in the world. “观测未来”于 1987 年开 放,是世界上最大的太空时代主题公园之一。(P38)

拓展
advanced adj. 先进的,高级的

(拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P114) ? As we all known, China will be an advanced and powerful country. 众所周知,中国会成为一个先进的力量强大的国家.

句析 句中 opened in 1987 是过去分词短语作时间状语。
点 2 过去分词短语作时间状语 当他被问问题的时候,他低下了头。 ?Told that his mother was ill, Li Lei hurried home quickly. 李蕾得知母亲生病了时,马上赶回了家。 考查热度★★★ ?Asked what had happened, he lowered his head.

例练 3
(1)同义替换 ①She progressed greatly in her study. →She advanced greatly in her study. ②It's impossible to know before what will happen. →It's impossible to know in advance what will happen. (2) It is said that Miss White had some difficulty in studying the ____ maths. 10

拓展
过去分词短语还可以作原因、条件、让步或结果前状语

A. improved B. developed C. advanced D. increased 【点拨】句意 : 据说怀特小姐在学习高等数学方面有些困 难。advanced maths“高等数学” ,advanced “先进的。高 级的” 。 Visitors can get close to parts of the world they have never experienced, going to the bottom of the ocean, flying through the jungle or visiting the edges of the solar system. 参观者可以接触到他们从来没有经历过的世界的角落, 比如潜入海底,飞越丛林,或者参观太阳系的边缘地 带。(P38) 点4 相当于 be close to 靠近,接近 ? In order to get close to nature, I get up early and take a walk in the woods near my house. 为了接近大自然,我通常 早起并且到我家附近的小树林里散步。 ?David's house is quite close to the Global Theater. 大卫的家离环球剧院很近。 考查热度★★☆

比赛在下半场终于精彩起来。

拓展
come round/around 苏醒过来 come to oneself 苏醒;恢复知觉 come across 被理解, 偶然遇见 come about 发生,产生,实现 come up 走近,上来,发生,被提出 come up with 赶上,提出 ?It was a long time before he came round. 他过了很久才苏醒过来。 ?In the library, I suddenly came across a useful English grammar book. 在图书馆里,我偶然发现一本很有用的英语语法书。

例练 5
(1) I love to watch everything coming to life (复苏)again in the spring. (2)He is cool toward strangers,but with his friends he really ______. A.comes to life C.comes up B.comes about D.comes out

辨析 close 与 closely 作副词时的区别
“距离、场所、地点”上的接近,意义具体 “关系”上的紧密,意义抽象,有“严密地, closely 紧密地,仔细地”之意 ?They sat close together. 他们紧挨着坐在一起。 ?Taste and smell are closely connected. 味觉与嗅觉是密切相关的。 close

【点拨】句意:他对陌生人很冷淡,但是和朋友在一起时 就活跃起来。come to life 苏醒;活跃起来;come about 发 生; come up 走近;上来; come out 出来;出版。故选 A。 Futuroscope is not only for individuals, but is also the perfect mix of fun and learning for class outings.“观测未 来”主题公园不仅仅适合个人旅游,也适合学生全班出 游,因为它是娱乐和学习的完美结合。 (P38) 点 6 not only...but also...不仅??而且??考查热度★★☆ (1)该短语可以连接两个并列的句子成分,强调后者; (2)其中 but 和 also 有时可以省略其中的一个; (3)连接两个主语时,其谓语与靠近它的主语保持一致 (4) 连接两个分句时,前一分句用部分倒装,后一分句则 不用倒装 ?He not only writes his own plays, he also acts in them. 他不仅是自编剧本, 还饰演其中的角色。 ?He works not only on weekdays but on Sundays as well. 他不仅平时工作,星期日也工作。 ?Not only the students but also their teacher is enjoying the film. 不仅学生们在欣赏这部影片,他们的老师也在欣赏 这部影片。 ?Not only does she work hard but also she has a high sense of responsibility. 她不仅勤奋,而且她还有高度的责任感。

例练 4
(1)选词填空(close,closely) Betty stood close to her teacher and watched closely what he was doing. (2) Please don't ____ the fierce dog. It is very dangerous. A.get close to C.get used to B.be connected with D.be good for

【点拨】句意:不要靠近那只凶猛的狗,它非常危险。 get close to 靠近,符合题意。be connected with 与??有 联系;get used to 习惯于;be good for 有益于,适于。 The amazing, up-to-date information together with many opportunitites for hands-on learning makes the world come to life in a completely new way for visitors. 这些让人 惊讶的最新信息加上大量动手实践学习的机会,让世界 以一种全新的方式展现在游人面前。(P38) 点5 考查热度 ★★☆

come (back) to life, “活跃起来;苏醒过来;精彩起来” ?Wei Fang's coming to our class made our class come to life. 魏芳的到来使我们班活跃起来。 ?When Mr. Li came to life again, he found himself in a hospital bed. 李先生苏醒过来的时候,发现自己躺在医院的病床上。 The match finally came to life in the second half.

拓展
as well as 不仅??而且;也 (侧重于前者“也??”) both...and...都(侧重于两者“都??”) ?Your wife as well as you is friendly to me. 11

不仅你而且你的妻子也对我很友好 ?The secretary both speaks and writes Spanish. 这位秘书不但能讲而且能写西班牙语。

他获准加入这个协会。

拓展
容纳 admit (to) sth./doing sth. 承认(做了)某事 admit to sb. that 向某人承认某事

例练 6
(1)同义替换(每空一词 We are repairing the roof as well as painting the walls. → We are not only repairing the roof but also painting the walls. (2) Not only John and Tom but also their sister, Mary, ____ great interest in the piano lessons. A. take B. takes C. have taken D. had taken 【点拨】句意:不仅约翰和汤姆,而且他们的姐姐玛丽也 对弹钢琴有兴趣。not only...but also...连接的并列结构作主 语,适用于就近原则,本句的主语是 Mary,故谓语动词 用单数,选 B。 Classes or other large groups that let Futuroscope know their plans in advance can get the group admission rate. 不 和班级或者大的团体如果提前让“观测未来”知道他们 的计划,还可以拿到团体入场价格。(P38) 点7 admission to ??的入场费 make an admission of/that 承认 gain admission to/into 获准进入 ?Admission to the club is 20 yuan. 俱乐部的入场费是 20 元。 ?He made an admission that he had used threatening behavior. 他承认用了恐吓手段。 ?He gained admission into the association. 考查热度 ★★☆

?She admitted having seen us. 她承认看到过我们。 ?He admitted to her that it was wrong of him to have done it without her permission. 他向她承认未经她的允许就做了那件事是他的不对。 ?Her daughter is admitted into Beijing University. 她女儿被北京大学录取了。

例练 7
(1) 完成句子 ①三岁以下儿童禁止入内。 There’s no admission for children under there. ②英语是公认的人们了解彼此的工具。 (admit) English is admitted to be a tool for people understand each other. (2) —Do they charge for________? —Yes,if you want to attend the concert,you'll have to pay $ 50. A.deed B.function C.flight D.admission 【点拨】句意:—他们收费吗?—是的,如果你想出席音 乐会,你必须交 50 元钱。admission 入场费。选 D。

语法知识·详透析
构词法

【语法图解】

12

【语法详解】
一、基本含义 英语中最主要的构词法有三种:派生法、合成法 和转化法。 二、分类精析 1.派生法 在一个词的前面或后面加上某种词缀后而生成一个新 词,这个构词的方法称为派生法。 (1)前缀 前缀是指某个词的前面加上的由一个或几个含有某种 特定意义的字母所构成的词缀。前缀通常不改变词 性,而只改变词义。 ①表示否定意义的前缀 前缀 unim/in/ir-/ildismisnon意义 不, 未 不, 非 用法 加在形容词 或动词前 分 别 用 在 b/m/p 、 其 它 字母、r、l 等字母前面 加在名词或 动词前 加在动词或 名词前 加在动词或 名词前 用法 加在动词 或名词前 加在动词 或名词前 加在动词 后 加在动词 或名词前 加在动词 或名词前 加在形容 词或名词 前 加在动词 或名词前 加在名词 或形容词 前 例词 unable 不能 unfair 不 公平 unlike 不像 impossible 不 可 能 , incorrect, 不 正 确 的 irrugular 不 规 则 的 , illegal 不合法的 dishonour 不光彩, dislike 不喜欢 mistake 错误 misread 误读 misfortune 不幸 non-stop 不 停 的 nonsmoker 不吸烟者 例词 asleep 睡 着 的 alive 活着的 aboard 在船 上 aside 在一边 antifreeze 防冻剂 antibody 抗体 automobile 汽 车 autodial 自动拨号 cooperate, 合作 co-worker 合作者 decrease 减少 degrade 降级 extraordinary 非凡的 extracurriculum 课外 的 overlook 眺 望 overhead 在头顶上 overtime 超时的 multifunction 多功能 multimedia 多媒体 multicultural 多元文 化 -en -ful -less -ish -ly -ous (2)后缀 后缀是指某个词的后面加上的由一个或几个含有某种 特定意义的字母所构成的词缀。后缀通常改变词性, 不改变词义,但少数后缀会改变词义。 ①形容词后缀 后缀 -al -able 意义 具有?? 性质的 能/可?? 的 有??特 性的 由??制 作的 充满?? 的 没有?? 的 如??的 有??性 质的 意义 使??变 的?? 使??变 的?? 使成为 用法 加在名 词后 加在名 词或动 词后 加在名 词性 加在名 词后 加在名 词后 加在名 词后 加在名 词后 加在名 词 例词 natural 自然的 national 国家的 acceptable 可接受的 reasonable 合理的 dangerous 危险的 famous 著名的 wooden 木制的 wollen 羊毛的 careful 仔细的 beautiful 美丽的 careless 粗心的 useless 无用的 childish 幼稚的 selfish 自私的 friendly 友好的 weekly 每周的 例词 shorten 缩短 widen 加宽 strengthen 加强 simplify 简化 beautify 美化 realize 意识到 apologize 道歉 例词 carefully 仔细地 easily 容易地 westward 向西 upward 向上

不, 相反 错, 误 不, 非

②动词后缀 后缀 -en 用法 加在形容词 或名词后 加在形容词 或名词后 加在形容词 或名词后 用法 加在形容 词后 加在形容 词后

②表示其他意义的前缀 前缀 a意义 在?? 上;? ?的 反对, 抵抗 自动的 共同的 相反的 作用 额 外 的,多 的 在上或 外部, 超过 多?? 的

-fy/ify -ize/ise 后缀 -ly

antiautocodeextra-

③副词后缀 意义 ??地 向??

-ward(s) 【典例】

(2013?福建高考)Those poor and needy teenagers were excited to find a shop at the corner where they could buy ____ priced bikes. A. competitively C. reasonably 【点拨】 (1) 剖析句子:句中所需填的词在动词的后面,结合 选项看,是考查副词词义辨析的。 B. recently D. affordably

over-

multi-

13

(2)知识连接:副词一般都是以形容词加上后缀“-ly” 构成的。 (3) 回归题目:结合句意“那些穷困潦倒的青少年在 拐角找到一家商店很兴奋,在那里他们能买到付得起 的价格的自行车。 ”可知选 D。affordably 付得起地; competitively 竞争地;recently 近来;reasonably 合理 地。 2.合成法 把两个或两个以上的词合成一个新词,这种构词法叫 合成法,由这种方法构成的词叫做合成词。 分类 方法 n.+n. n.+v-ing adj.+n. adv.+n. pron.+n. v.+n. v-ing+n. v.+adv. adv.+v. 其他 n.+v. 合成 动词 adv.+v. adj.+v. adj.+v-ing adj.+v-ed adj.+n. adj.+n.+ed 合 成 形 容 词 adv.+v-ing adv.+v-ed n.+v-ing n.+v-ed n.+adj. 例词 newspaper 报纸 watermelon 西瓜 hand-writing, sun-bathing greenhouse, highway 公 路 , mainland 大陆, blackboard 黑板 inland 内地, overcoat 大衣 he-goat 公山羊, she-wolf 母狼 pickpocket 扒手, playground sleeping pill 安眠药, waiting room 等待室 breakdown 故障, breakthrough 突破 outbreak 爆发, output 输出 well-being 幸 福 passer-by grown-upbrother-in-law 姐 夫, 妹夫, forget-me-not 勿忘草 sunbathe 日光浴 typewrite 打字 baby-sit 看孩子 upset 心烦的,打翻, undergo 经历, overthrow 推翻 whitewash 粉 刷 , safeguard 保 护,blacklist 列入黑名单 good-looking 好看的 easy-going 随和的 warm-hearted 热心的 narrow-minded 狭隘的 high-class 一流的, large-scale 大规模的 good-tempered 好脾性的, noble-minded 思想高尚的 hard-working 勤奋的, fast-moving 快速移动的 well-known 闻名的, highly-developed 高度发达的, better-trained 训练有素的 peace-loving 热爱和平的, face-saving 保全面子的 man-made 人造的 state-owned 国有的 duty-free 免税的 合成 介词 adv.+prep adv.+n. 其他 【典例】 合成 副词 其他 adj.+n. adj.+adv. adv.+adv prep.+n. prep+adv prep.+adv.

life-long 终生的 face-to-face 面对面的 happy-go-lucky 无忧无虑的 hotfoot 急 忙 地 ,everyday 每 天,anyway 无论如何 anywhere 无论何处, anyhow 无论如何 however 然面, moreover 而且 overhead 在头顶上,underfoot 在 脚下,beforehand 提前 forever 永远 without 没有 within 在??以内 throughout 贯穿 into 到里面 onto 到上面 upon 在??上 outside 在外面, inside 在里面 ahead of 前提, along with 与??一起, because of 由于

China will be a ___ country at the end of the 21st century. A.high-developing B.high-developed C.highly-develop 【点拨】 (1) 剖析句子:句中所需填的词在名词的前面,结合 选项看,是考查合成形容词。 (2)知识连接:合成形容词其中有一类是“副词+过去 分词” 。highly-developed “高度发达的” 。 (3)回归题目:结合句意“中国在 21 世纪末将会成为 一个高度发达的国家。 ”选 D。 3.转化法 在词形不变的情况下,一个单词由一种词性转化成另 一种词性,称为转化法。转化时有两种现象:同形同 音和同形异音 分类 方法 n.→v. v.→n. 同形 同音 adj. → v. adv. →v. n. →adv adj. → adv. 同形 异音 词尾或重音 发音不同 例词 face 脸 面对, shoulder 肩膀 负起 cure 治疗,治愈; lead 带领;领导 empty 空的; narrow 狭窄的,使变窄 forward 向前;near 附近 home 家;回家 long 长的,长久地 use/ju:s/n.用途; /ju:z/v.使用 close/kl??s/adj.关闭的; /kl??z/ adv.亲密地 record /'rek?:d/ n.记录, /r??k?d/ vt.纪录 D.highly-developed

合成 名词

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【即学即练】
Ⅰ.单项填空 (拷 13 版人教教材解读必修四 U5P117) an ___ country. A. speaking; English-speaking B. spoken; English-speaking C. speaking; English-spoken D. spoken; English-spoken

【答案与解析】

6. My brother is really___. He often works in his office far into the night. A. open-minded C. self-confident B. hard-working D. warm-hearted

7. A new amusement park in our city has opened with ____ computer techniques. A. up-to-date peace-loving 8.(2014 成都高一检测) If any ____person wants to live a healthy life, he has to keep the habit of doing exercise______. A. alive;live C.live; living B.living;live D.living;alive 6. B 句意:我哥哥真的很用功,他常常在办公室工 作到深夜。 hard-working 为合成形容词 , 意为“努力 的,勤奋的” ; open-minded 思 想 开 放 的 ; selfconfident 自信的;warm-hearted 热心的 7. A 句意:我们市新开了一家最新科技的游乐园。 up-to-date 最新的;man-made 人工的;near-sighted 近 视的;peace-loving 爱和平的。根据句意,选 A。 15 B. man-made C. near-sighted D.

9. The building was _____ used as a prison in the 1800s, but now it is a famous tourist attraction. A. gradually B. originally

C. unfortunately D. eventually 10.That her___ English is so good is because she is from

8. D 句意:如何任何活着的人想过一个健康的生 活,他必须保持一个锻炼的好习惯。 living person 活 着的人;keep sth. alive 使某物保持生机。alive 有生 气的,它是由 live 一词转化成的形容词。 9. B 句意:这个建筑在 19 世纪开始时是一座监狱, 但 现 在 它 成 了 一 处 旅 游 胜地 。 originally 最 初 , 起 初 ; gradually 逐 渐 地 ; unfortunately 不 幸 地 ;

eventually 最后。 10. B 句意:她的英语口语是如此的好是因为她来自 一 个 说 英 语 的 国 家 。 spoken English 英 语 口 语 ; English-speaking 是合成形容词,说英语的。

旅游指南 【写作指导】 旅 游 指 南 也 叫 景 点 宣 传 册 。 它 (2) Located in the southeast of Fujian Province, Quan Zhou is a beautiful city with many different cultures getting together here. 美丽之城泉州,坐落于福建省的东南部,各种不同的 文化的汇集地。 (3) The small town covers an area of 5 square kilometers. 小镇占地 5 平方公里。 (4) The old tower has a long history of 2000 years. 古塔有两千年的历史。 (5) Hangzhou is famous/well-known for its beautiful West Lake. 杭州以其美丽的西湖而闻名。 (6) There are quite a lot of places of interest in Xi’an, 【写前积累】 1.话题词汇 (1) place of interest 风景名胜 (2) tourist attractions 旅游胜地 (3) located in/lie in 坐落于/位于?? (4) to/in/on the east of 在??的东面 (5) with a population of 有??人口 (6) has a long history of 有??的悠久历史。 (7) date back to 追溯到 (8) be well-known for/as...作为/因??而闻名 (9) welcome to...欢迎来到?? (10) get close to 到达或接近 2.常用表达/写作模板 (1) Shanghai lies in the east of China. 上海位于中国的东部 【观摩领悟】 学习习作 点石成金 【写作提示】 1.时态:一般现在时 2.人称:第三人称 3.要点:首先介绍深圳的地理位置,其次介绍其气候 特点和它的人口,再介绍它的面积和其名胜等。 such as the Terracotta Warriors and Horses,the old City Wall and so on. 西安有许多名胜,比如兵马俑、古城墙等。 【典例导悟】

16

A Brief introduction to Shenzhen Shenzhen is in the south of China. It is a beautiful city. It’s weather is soft, subtropical maritime. There is a lot of rain and enough sunlight. Since the South Song Dynasty, many people came to Shenzhen. After it became a city, the number of these people are becoming more and more. The area of Shenzhen is about 2000 square kilometers. It has many tall building and clean streets. It is famous for its high technology things and the fruit litchi.

[点拨] 1. 内容要点:无遗漏,要点都写了出来。 2. 语法结构与词汇应用: ①weather 是误用,应是 climate ②are 应该用成 is ③building 没有加 s 3. 文章连贯性: 学习习作中各要点基本连贯,写作思路基本上清晰。 4.高级语法及句式应用:习作中简单句式较多,语句表达较为简单,右栏文中则灵活运用了分词作状语、复合 句、并列句、状语从句等高级句式。

单元知能·双提升
I.情景词汇——单元词汇串记
A Unique Theme Park As soon as our shuttle got close to the theme park by the freeway, everyone came to life and put on cloth sneakers in advance for an outing. Our translator paid for the admission, and we started enjoying the various attractions in the sunlight. According to the travel brochure, this unique park is famous for its well preserved minority culture. We experienced many deeds of the early settlers, such as swinging across rivers, hunting creatures in the jungle, or taking part in swords fighting tournaments. This park is also famous for its wooden souvenirs. Whichever we bought in the central shop was made of wood, and wherever we went we could see minority carpenters working. They made wooden tools, wooden cartoon figures, wooden athletic products and so on. They even built a huge wooden engine with a length of 20 metres, which was modeled after a real one. This theme park is really a fantasy amusement park. No wonder it has become the brand of local tourism. W: You did? That’s great. I’d like to do that, too. But every time I get close to a needle, I’ll faint. M: I’m used to it. I’ve donated blood many times lately. The needle doesn’t bother me W: You’re so brave. That’s very admirable. I know how important it is for patients in operations. M: Thank you, but I don’t think it’s a big deal. W: No, it is a big deal. If the Red Cross doesn’t have enough blood when doctors travel to disaster areas, they can’t help the injured people there. I’m sure that’s why you do it, right? M: Well…there’s a particularly pretty nurse who works in the blood station.

III. 情 景 交 际 ——Asking the way ( 问 路 )& Giving
directions 指路 (1) Asking the way (问路) Where is (the) . . . ? ??在哪儿? How do I get to (the) . . . ? 我怎样才能到??? Can you tell me how to get to (the) . . . ? 你能告诉我去??怎么走吗? Can you give me directions to (the) . . . ? 你能告诉去??的路吗? What's the best way to get to (the) . . . ? 到??最好的路怎么走 Could you tell me where the Hilton Hotel is? 17

II.情景语法——单元语法串连
W: Jack, why do you have a Band-Aid on your arm. M: Because I donated blood today.

你能告诉我希尔顿旅馆在哪儿吗? (2) Giving directions (指路) First, go down until you get to 4th cross. Then, turn left. 首先,前行直到第四个十字路口,然后,左转。 It's on the right side of the street next to Wendy Shop. 它就在街道的右边,紧挨着温迪商店。 When you get off the freeway, make a right turn at the stop sign. 下高速后,在停止路标处右转。 Follow the road for five blocks. 沿这条路走过五个街区就到了。 You can't miss it! 你会找到的!

wildlife that so inspired Darwin, you will feel as though you are getting a special view of an untouched world. At night you will sleep on board the ship, leaving the wildlife in complete occupation of the islands, which are as undisturbed now as they have been since the beginning of time. 【方法解读】 “跳读查找法”就是在阅读中,有意识的跳过一 些无关紧要的句段或篇章而抓住文中的关键性信息的 速读方法。该法通过省略次要信息来加快大脑对文字 的反应速度,阅读速度与思维过程同步进行。 运用该法时要先看题干和选项,带着问题读文 章。做这类题时可以边读边做记号,以加强阅读的针 对性,提高做题的准确率,节省时间。同时还要特别 注意试题以及选项与原文之间的适当变换。多数细节 理解题中很少有直接用原文中的词或句子,而是进行 了一定的“语义转换”式的处理,其中包括同义变 换、概念解析、归纳事实等。 【方法运用】 Which of the following plays a role in making the islands "a paradise for wildlife"? A. Animals on the islands feed on grass. B. Local government forbids killing wildlife. C. Tourists are not allowed to touch the animals. D. People cannot visit the islands as they wish. [点拨] (1)题干中提到了“a paradise for wildlife”,所以先在 文中圈出该信息点,它位于文中第一段第七句” 。然 后,圈出题中四个选项的中心词“grass; forbid killing; not allowed touch, cannot visit”。 (2) 利用“跳读查找法”在文中迅速定位四个选项的 中心词的位置, “grass(未提),forbid killing(第一段第 七句 natural killers);not allowed touch(第二段第一句 untouched world);cannot visit( 第一段第七句 visitors is under government control). (3)结合语义转换的原则,可知只有 D 项与第一段第 七句“visitors is under government control”的意思相 符。故选择 D 项。

IV. 话题阅读——运用“跳读查找法”破解细节理解题
Sitting on the peaceful coast of Galapagos Islands. Ecuador, watching the sun move quietly into the sea, you shouldn't forget that Charles Darwin (1809-1882) arrived here in 1835. He stayed on the islands for five weeks, observing various animals. This finally inspired his famous work, On the Origin of Species. You can certainly follow Darwin's footsteps and enjoy a trip from four to seven days to the islands. The islands are certainly a paradise (天堂) for wildlife, as there are no natural killers on the islands and the number of boats and visitors is under government control. Though you cannot walk freely as Darwin did about 200 years ago, each day is as impressive as it could be. The most well-known animal of the Galapagos is the giant tortoise, which can be seen moving slowly around the highlands of Sanra Cruz, the second largest island in the archipelago(群岛). Some of these creatures are so old that they might have been seen in their youth by Darwin himself. Despite strict control over activities and timing, your stay on the Galapagos will be remembered as a chain of

incomparable pictures diving with sea lions that swim and play within inches of you; feeling small sharks touch your feet as you swim; and, most magically, seeing a whale and her baby surface with a great breath of air. Travelling between the islands and observing the

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教材答案·全呈现

(P35)

(P36)

(P37)

19

(P38)

(P38)

20

(P70)

(P69)

(P71)

21

(P72)

(P73)

22

单元综合检测
(总分:100 分,考试时间:90 分钟) Ⅰ.单项填空(10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 1. Gaomi, a small county in Shandong province, is famous __ the birthplace of MoYan. A.as B . for C.to D.from of the modern world. A.preserve C.greet B.swing D.advance

5. A。考查动词词义辨析。句意:美洲印第安人设法保 护 他 们 的 习 俗 , 以 免 受 现 代 社 会 的 影 响 。 preserve... from... 保护??免受??,符合题意。swing 摇摆,摆 动;greet 迎接,问候;advance 前进,促进。] 6. Don’t get _____ to the machine, it’s dangerous. A. closely B. close C. near D. nearly

1. A。考查短语中的介词。句意:高密 ,山东省的一个小 县城,作为莫言的出生地而闻名。be famous as 作为?? 而闻名;be famous for 因??而闻名。 2. To our great ___,she told an ____ joke to us,wearing on her face an ___ look after dinner. A.amused;amusing;amusement B.amusement;amused;amusing C.amusement;amusing;amused D.amuse;amused;amusing 2. C。考查 amuse 及其相关词形的用法。句意:使我们 感到非常有趣的是,饭后她脸上带着愉悦的神情给我们 讲了一个引人发笑的笑话。to one's amusement 使某人感 到好笑的是; amusing 好笑的;有趣的,修饰或描述事 物;amused 被逗乐的;开心的,修饰或描述人。 3. My father is a man of great determination and he will keep moving forward____ the result is. A. whatever C. wherever B. however D. whichever

6. B 。考查固定短语。句意:不要靠近这台机器,它很 危险。 get 是系动词,后面需要接形容词,所以排除 A 和 D。结合句意选 B。get close to 靠近。 7. The tower _____ very old ______ the Ming dynasty. A. looks; dates back to C. that looks; dated from B. which looks; dated back to D. looking; dates from

7. D。考查非谓语动词与固定短语。句意:看上去非常 老的这座塔是明朝时期的。第一空后所需词与 very old 一起作 tower 的定语,因此可以用 looking 或 that/which looks; 第二空则是谓语动词,根据时态需要用一般现在 时,故排除 B,C。A 项中第一空不能直接用 looks,其前 还需要加定语从句的关系词 that 或 which。故选 D。 8. Many students signed up for the _____ race in the sports meeting to be held next week. A. 800-metre-long B.800-metres-long

3. A。考查名词性从句的引导词。句意:我父亲是个有 决心的人,不管结果如何他都会勇往直前。根据句意可 知从句中缺少表语,且意为“无论什么” ,故用 whatever。 4. Young people prefer to live in big cities, where there are lots of___, like convenient transportation, more

C.800 meter length D. 800 meters length 8. A。考查构词法。句意:许多学生报名参加下周举行 的 800 米赛跑。当“数字+量词+形容词”结构的合成词 作定语时,量词用单数,且这三个词中间加连字符“ ” 。 9. Those who buy flight tickets online _____ can have a discount of 30%. A.in the distance C.in debt B.in trouble D.in advance

opportunities and better environment. A.associations C.collections B.attractions D.organizations

4. B 。考查名词。句意:年轻人更乐意住在大城市里, 那里有许多吸引人的东西,比如便捷的交通,更多的机 会和更好的环境。association “联合;协会” ; attraction “吸引人的事物” ; collection “ 收 藏 ” ; organization “组织” 。 5. American Indians try to ___ their customs from the effects

9. D。考查介词短语辨析。句意:在线提前购买机票的 人可享受七折优惠。in advance 提前,符合题意。in the distance 在远处;in trouble 在困境中;in debt 欠债。 23

10. —I've been working for ten hours. —________ you look tired. You'd better have a rest. A.No problem C.No hurry B.No wonder D.No matter

10. B 。考查短语辨析。句意:—我已经工作十个小时 了。—难怪你看起来很累。你最好休息一下。no wonder 难怪,不足为奇,符合题意。no problem 没有问题;no hurry 不忙,不着急;no matter 不论怎样,不要紧。 Ⅱ.完形填空(20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项( A, B,C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

24

26. Ⅲ.阅读理解(15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) (A)

27.

28.

29.

(B) HOTEL INFORMATION 25

◇Baymont Inn Ft.Lauderdale 3800 W.Commercial, Ft. Lauderdale.FL 33309 Lowest Prices 110% Guaranteed (保证) Room Information: Rooms are equipped with Double, Queen , or King bed (s) , smoking or non-smoking based on location and availability. Provided in each spacious guest room is a hair dryer, coffee maker, iron, ironing board, 25'TV and guest voice mail. Check-in time:7:00 p. m Hotel Amenities(设施): Air Conditioned, Free Parking, 24 Hour Front Desk, Pool, Television with Cable, Coffee Maker in Room, Hairdryers Available. ◇Beach Plaza Hotel 625 N.Fort Lauderdale Beach Blvd, Ft.Lauderdale, FL 33304 Room Information: The oceanfront accommodations at Beach Plaza Hotel are some of the most affordable on Fort Lauderdale Beach.Each room features direct-dial telephone, cable television and daily maid service.The very affordable efficiency studios even include full kitchens! All rooms surround the private poolside garden courtyard . Check-in time:7:05 p. m Hotel Amenities: Air Conditioned, Coffee Maker in Room, 24 Hour Front Desk, Parking, Hairdryers Available, Pool, Television with Cable. ◇Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel 3711 N.Ocean Blvd, Ft.Lauderdale, FL 33308 Room Information: Guest rooms feature TVs, in-room movies, Internet access, in-room safes, alarm clock radios, hairdryers, refrigerators, microwaves, and balconies. Check-in time:7:00 a. m Hotel Amenities: Parking, Heated Pool, Television with Cable, and Coffee Maker in Room. 30. Which hotel gives a price promise? A. Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel.

B. Beach Plaza Hotel. C. Baymont Inn Hotel. D. Baymont Inn Ft . Lauderdale. 30. D。细节理解题。根据第一家旅馆介绍中的“Lowest Prices 110% Guaranteed (保证)”可知仅 Baymont Inn Ft. Lauderdale 给出了保证。 31. If you ___ , you will probably go to Beach Plaza Hotel. A. want to eat food cooked by yourself in the hotel B. are fond of swimming in heated water C. enjoy seeing films without leaving your hotel room D. are a cigarette smoker 31. A。细节理解题。根据第二家旅馆介绍中的“include full kitchens”部分可知如果你想自己在旅馆里自己做饭 吃,可以选择“Beach Plaza Hotel”这家旅馆。 47. Which of the following is NOT true to the ads? A. All of the three hotels provide television with cable. B. In Beach Plaza Hotel a 24-hour maid is available. C. You can keep your money in the room safe in Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel. D. While staying in Fort Lauderdale Plaza Hotel, you can surf the Internet. 32.B。细节理解题。根据第二家旅馆介绍中的“daily maid service”可知这家旅馆并不是一天 24 小时提供女 仆服务。故 B 项错。其余三项都能在三而广告中找到证 据。 (C) Here are six steps to better studying. Pay attention in class. Do you have trouble paying attention in class? Are you sitting next to a loud person? Tell your teacher or parents about any problem that is preventing you from paying attention. Take good notes Write down facts that your teacher mentions or writes on the board. Try to use good handwriting so you can read your notes later. It’s a good idea to keep your notes organized by subject. Plan ahead for tests and projects Waiting until Thursday night to study for Friday’s test will make it hard to do your best. One of the best ways to make sure that doesn’t happen is to plan ahead. Write down your test dates. You can then plan how much to do after school each day, and how much time to spend on each topic. Break it up When there’s a lot to study, it can help to break things into several parts. Try not to learn all in one go. Let’s say you have a spelling test on 20 words. Instead of thinking about all of the words at once, try breaking them down into five-word groups and work on one or two different groups 26

each night. Ask for help You can’t study effectively if you don’t understand the material. Be sure to ask your teacher for help. If you’re at home when the confusion occurs, your mum or dad might be able to help. Sleep tight So the test is tomorrow and you’ve followed your study plan—but suddenly you can’t remember anything! Don’t panic. Your brain needs time to digest all the information you’ve given it. Try to get a good night’s sleep and you’ll be surprised by what comes back to you in the morning. 33. We know from the passage that a loud person is_____. A. a student who always answers questions loudly in class B. someone who likes to talk with others in a loud voice C. a student who likes speaking with others in class D. a person who makes a lot of noise in public places 33.C 。推理判断题。根据第二段的叙述,可知 a loud person 指的是课堂上与其他学生说话的学生。 34. According to the author, which of the following is an effective studying method? A. Don’t try to review everything you have learned in one go. B. Try to review what you’ve learned in one go. C. To read all your notes the night before the test. D. Try to remember everything on the first try. 34. A。细节理解题。结合文章第三、四、五段,再比较 四个选项,可知 A 项正确。 35. By saying “Sleep tight”, what does the author mean? A. Sleep again after waking up. B. Sleep holding your breath deep. C. Get a good night’s sleep. D. Go to sleep early every night. 35. C。词义猜测题。根据最后一段,特别是最后一句, 可知选 C。 36. The passage is mainly talking about_________. A. breaking things into several parts. B. asking your teacher for help. C. Planning ahead for tests and projects D. ways of better studying. 36. D。主旨大意题。根据第一段和下文的小标题,可知 这篇文章主要讲的是学习好的一些建议。 (D) The high five ( 举手击掌 ) is very popular in today’s society. However, there was a time when people didn’t give it out to each other. The history of the high five isn’t very long. It’s even been said that the first high five was given out in a 1977 Los Angeles Dodgers game between Dusty Baker and Glen Burke as a way to celebrate Baker’s home run ( 本 垒打). After this first sighting of the high five in 1977, Derek Smith, a player on the 1980 Lousiville Cardinals basketball team, invented the actual “high five”, which the team used all throughout the season as a way to congratulate one another. After the Cardinals began to use the high five, more and more sports teams began to replace other popular

celebratory gestures of the time, such as a pat on the back or the behind, with the high five. As you can probably guess, it didn’t take long for the high five to make its way all across the sports scene and into the daily lives of every American who wanted a new and interesting way to congratulate or say hello to their friends, co-workers and family. The high five is here to stay and can be seen in more places and situations than ever before in history. People use it in the bar, the gym, the office or sometimes on the street. No matter where you try to give a high five most people will happily give you a raised arm and a smile. But giving it in the right way is not easy. You need to have a basic understanding of the rules of giving the right high five. 37. The high five had its origin in _______. A. a sports game C. an exercise B. daily life D. a ceremony

A。细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句可知举手击掌最 初是一项棒球运动游戏。 38. Which of the following is TRUE according to the second paragraph? A. Sports teams didn’t have celebratory gestures before 1977. B. Derek Smith was the first to see the use of the high five. C. The Cardinals helped make the high five popular. D. Derek Smith was the captain of the Cardinals. C。细节理解题。根据第二段可知 Lousiville Cardinals 篮 球队最先发明使用“举手击掌”的方式来庆祝胜利,随 后越来越多的人开始使用这一方式。故 C 项正确。 39. What can we infer from the third paragraph? A. The high five means quite differently today. B. The high five is mostly used among friends. C. The high five may disappear in the future. D. The high five is widely used today. D 。推理判断题。最后一段提到“举手击掌”在酒吧、 体育馆、办公室、街道上或者你想用的任何地方。可见 这种庆祝方式在今天被广泛应用。 40. What is most probably discussed in the paragraph that follows the passage? A. How to ask for a high five. 27

B. How to give a right high five. C. The right places to give a high five. D. The right person to give a high five to. B 。推理判断题。最后一段最后两句提到要想正确地使 用“举手击掌”这一方法并非易事,你需要掌握一些基 本的规则。所以如果还有下文,那它可能是要讲如何运 用这一方式,也是就 B 项. Ⅳ.单词拼写(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 1. When you learn a new verb, learn its various (各种各样 的) forms。 2. Only when you balance your amusement (娱乐) and work can you succeed in getting more energetic. 3. The People’s Square is one of the tourist attractions (有吸 引力的事物)in Shanghai. 4. The beauty of Dunhuang is unique (独一无二的) in the world. 5. What the local people are proud of is that the old temple, dating back to 2000 years ago, is well preserved (保存) by the government. 6. The value of life lies not in the length (长度) of days, but in the use we make of them. 7. The truth is always in the hands of a small minority(少数 人) at first. 8. Learning is like sailing against the current, not to advance (前进) is to drop back 9. It’s a pity the weather isn’t good for outing(外出). 10. No admission ( 进 入 ) to the lab without teacher's permision. Ⅴ.书面表达(满分 20 分) 青岛位于山东半岛南端的,是著名的旅游胜地。请 根据以下提示,用英语写一篇文章介绍青岛的短文: 生活环境:①社会文明和谐;②人民诚信友好。 文化设施:①许多历史遗迹;②不断改善的现代化设 施。 经济地位:①重要经济中心和港口城市;②以世界品牌 多而闻名,如:海尔、海信和青岛啤酒等。 注意:1. 可适当增加细节,使文章完整流畅。2.不少于 120 词。 参考词汇:半岛 peninsula; 历史遗迹 historical sites ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________

________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 参考范文: Located at the southern tip of the Shandong peninsula, Qingdao is a famous tourist resort and a pleasant city with beautiful coastline scenery that is worth visiting. A trip to Qingdao will give you a glimpse of the harmonious and civilized happy society and the happy lifestyle of the local people, who are known for their credibility and friendliness. Historical sites and constantly improved modern facilities add to the attractiveness of the city. Besides, Qingdao is a key economic center and port city in China, well known for many world?famous brands, such as Haier, Hisense and Qingdao Beer. Anyone visiting Qingdao is sure to have a great time! 备选题 第二节(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下列材料,在空白处填上适当的内容(每空不多于 三个词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Parks supply people 1. ____ a place to amuse 2. ____ and to escape their busy life for a short time. Parks share this basic purpose, but they find various ways to 3. ____ ( satisfaction ) the need. In recent decades, 4. ____, a great many parks that we call theme parks 5. ____ ( design ) to provide entertainment. They are 6. ____than amusement parks with rides. There are also restaurants and even hotels in them. Theme parks with a certain theme, 7. ____ the whole park is based on, have special purposes. 8. ____ instance, a sports theme park will offer visitors sports to play or watch. Some history or culture theme park in the world is Disneyland, 9. ____ ( build ) in Los Angeles in 1955. There, you can have chances to get close to life-size cartoon figures. Do you like marine creatures? You can go to marine or ocean parks, where visitors can see and swim with dolphins and can gain some knowledge about ocean life. If you are a science lover, you can visit science theme parks and future 28

parks where you can take 10. ____ active part in experiments and use advanced computer techniques to experience life in the future. 参考答案: 1. with 2. themselves 3. satisfy 4. However 5. have

been designed

6. more 7. which 8. For 9. built 10. an

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