Unit One Using language and Grammar (预学案）
教师寄语：The important thing in life is to have a great aim , and the determination to attain it. 人生重要的事情就是确定一个伟大的目标，并决心实现它。
教 学 目 标 ： 1. 了 解 一 位 杰 出 女 性 — — 林 巧 稚 ， 我 国 著 名 的 妇 科 疾 病 专 家 。 2.掌握重点词汇，句型用法。 3.学习并巩固语法项目：主谓一致 教学过程： 课前自主学习： Ｉ:重点词汇: 1. _______vt.打算_______n.意图 2 .________vt.考；认为________n.考虑； 体谅________adj.体谅的 3. ________vt. 递送；接生 ________n. 投；分娩 4 __________vi. 谈到；查阅；参考 ________n.提到；参考；委托________vi 现在分词________vi.过去分词 ＩＩ：重点短语： 1._________继续，坚持 2.___________选择做某事 3.____________碰巧，凑巧 4.__________(偶然)遇见；碰见 5.__________________一位妇科专家 6._____________ 降 低 死 亡 率 7_____________ 引 起 某 人 注 目 8______________ 远 离 疾 病 9._________________ 打算供。 。 。 。 。 。使用 10.__________次于 11.__________关心；照料 12_____________接 生 13. ____________为（某人或某物）付出（时间或精力） 14_______________查阅；参考；提 到 15.____________某人自己的 16______________后来 17.________________蔑视 ＩＩＩ 预读课文：根据课文内容判断正误： 1. Lin Qiao zhi was a specialist in men’s diseases. ( ) 2. She made sure about 50,ooo babies were safely delivered. ( ) 3. Lin Qiaozhi devoted her whole life to her patients and hadn’t a family of her own. ( ) 4 . It was easy for a woman to get medical training at Lin Qiaozhi’s time. ( ) 5. Inspired by Lin Qiaozhi’s example, the writer decided to study at medical college .( ) 课堂讲练 ： Ｉ：阅读课文并理解课文大意及细节内容： １. Write down three of Lin Qiaozhi’s achievements after reading the passage . 2. In pairs,ask and answer the questions on Student’s book page 6. ＩＩ： 课堂考点探究 1 .intend vt.___________ Intention n.________________ （1） intend to do /doing sth.____________________ intend sb. to do sth. _________________________ (2) intend to have done sth.__________________________ (3) had intended to do sth._______________________________ (4) intend +that… ( 从句中要用（should）+ 动词原形) （5）be intended for…________________ be intended to do…_____________________ 完成下列句子：
（1）What do you______ ____ _____this weekend?(周末你打算做什麽？) （2）He _______ _______ ___ ________the company.(他打算让儿子经营这家公司。) （3）This dictionary ____ _______ ______middle school students.(这本词典是给中学用) (4)I ______ ______ ____(原打算)catch the early bus, but I didn’t get up in time.. 2. refer to______________ refer…to…提交。 。 。 。 。 。处理或决定 refer to…as…把。 。 。 。 。 。称作。 。 。 完成下列句子： （1）His name _______ _______ _____in the meeting.(他的名字在会议上被提及。) （2）Complete the exercise ______ ______ _____a dictionary（不查阅词典）. (3) He _______ ____ ________ _____(把病人交给) a specialist for treatment. (4)Camels ______ _________ ____ ______(被称为)life-boats in the desert. 3. by chance = by accident Have a /no chance to do/of doing sth._____________________________ Take a chance/chances_________________________________ Chance to do sth.=happen to sth. Chance on /upon sb./sth. 碰巧遇到 There are chances that… There a chance that… ｝ 有。 。 。 。 。 。的可能性 Chances are that… 用 chance 的恰当短语填空： （1）One day, he _____________Mary’s diary and began reading it. (2) He _______________________(冒险)by driving a car so fast. (3)There ___________________that he will change his mind. （4）I met her ______________at the airport. 4. Suddenly it hit me how difficult it was for a woman to get medical training at that time. 译文________________________________________________________________________. 此句中 it 是___________________，真正的是主语是_______________________. It hit me…我突然想到。 。 。 。 。 。It strikes sb….突然感到。 。 。 。 。 。It happens that…碰巧。 。 。 。 。 。 It occurs to sb….突然想到。 。 。 。 。 。 （1）It_______ ______ ______(我突然想起)all of a sudden I had forgotten her birthday. （2）_____ _________ ______he was out.(他碰巧出去了。) 5.It seemed that she had been busy in chosen career ,travelling abroad to study as well as writing books and articles.译文__________________________________________________________________. as well as 在此句中为并列连词，连接-__________________与 ______________两个并列成分。 It seems/seemed(to sb.) that…好像/似乎。 。 。 。 。 。 Sb/Sth. seems/seemed to do/be… There seems/seemed to be… It seems as if/as though… 好像/仿佛。 。 。 。 。 。 (1)It seems that he has finished his work. He seems _____________his work. (2)It seems that there is something wrong with the computer. There ________________ something wrong with the computer. （3）It seemed as if he knew everything. 6.Furthing reading made me realize that it was hard work and determination as well as her gentle nature that got her into medical school.。译文___________________________________________. 此 句 是 复 合 句 。 主 句 是 _______________ 。 that 引 导 了 一 个 宾 语 从 句 。 It was…that… 是 ________________. 7.There was story after story of how Lin Qiaozhi ,tired after a day’s work, went late at night to deliver a
baby for a poor family who could not pay her. 译文______________________________________. 本句中，how Lin Qiaozhi ,tired after a day’s work, went late at night to deliver a baby for a poor family who could not pay her 作 of 的__________。tired after a day’s work 是形容词短语作状语。 III: 语法 ：主谓一致 在英语句子里，谓语受主语支配，其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致，这就叫主谓一 致。寻其规律，大致可归纳为三个原则，即语法一致、意义一致和就近一致原则。 （一）语法一致原则：语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。 1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时，谓语动词一般 用单数形式；主语为复数时，谓语动词用复数形式。如：His father is working on the farm. / To study English well is not easy. / What he said is very important for us all. / The children were in the classroom two hours ago. / Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. 注意：由 what 引导的主语从句，后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式，但若表语是复 数或 what 从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时，主句的谓语动词用复数形式。如：What I bought were three English books. / What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 2、 由连接词 and 或 both … and 连接起来的合成主语后面， 要用复数形式的谓语动词。 如： Lucy and Lily are twins. / She and I are classmates. / The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. / Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 注意：① 若 and 所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时，它后面的谓语动词就应用单数 形式。如：The writer and artist has come.; / ② 由 and 连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有 no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时， 其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如： Every student and every teacher was in the room.. / No boy and no girl likes it. 3、 主语为单数名词或代词， 尽管后面跟有 with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including 等引起的短语，谓语动词仍用单数形式； 若主语为复数，谓语用复数形式。如：Mr Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China. / Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. / She, like you and Tom, is very tall. 4、 either, neither, each, every 或 no +单数名词和由 some, any, no, every 构成的复合不定 代词，都作单数看待。如：Each of us has a new book. / Everything around us is matter. 注意：① 在口语中当 either 或 neither 后跟有"of+复数名词（或代词）"作主语时，其 谓语动词也可用复数。 如： Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. ② 若 none of 后面的名词是 不可数名词，它的谓语动词就要用单数；若它后面的名词是复数，它的谓语动词用单数或复 数都可以。如：None of us has (have) been to America. None of the money is mine. 5、在定语从句时，关系代词 that, who, which 等作主语时，其谓语动词的数应与句中 先行词的数一致。如：He is one of my friends who are working hard. / He is the only one of my friends who is working hard.
6、如果集体名词指的是整个集体，它的谓语动词用单数；如果它指集体的成员，其谓 语动词就用复数形式。这些词有 family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience 等。如： Class Four is on the third floor. / Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. 注意： people, police, cattle 等名词一般都用作复数。 如： The police are looking for the lost child. 7、由"a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词"构成的短语以及由"分 数或百分数+名词"构成的短语作主语， 其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。 如： There are a lot of people in the classroom. / The rest of the lecture is wonderful. / 50% of the students in our class are girls. 注意： a number of"许多"，作定语修饰复数名词，谓语用复数；the number of"…的数 量"，主语是 number，谓语用单数。 （二）意义一致原则：逻辑意义一致就是谓语动词的数必须和主语的意义一致（因有时主语 形式为单数，但意义为复数；有时形式为复数，但意义为单数） 。 1、what, who, which, any, more, all 等代词可以是单数，也可是复数，主要靠意义来决 定。如：Which is your bag? / Which are your bags? / All is going well. / All have gone to Beijing. 2、表示"时间、重量、长度、价值"等的名词的复数作主语时，谓语动词通常用单数形 式，这是由于作主语的名词在概念上是一个整体，如：Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 3、若英语是书名、片名、格言、剧名、报名、国名等的复数形式，其谓语动词通常用 单数形式。如： "The Arabian Nights"is an interesting story-book. 4、算式中表示数目（字）的主语通常作单数看待，其谓语动词采用单数形式。如： Twelve plus eight is twenty. / Fifty-six divided by eight is seven. 5、一些学科名词是以 -ics 结尾，如：mathematics, politics, physics 以及 news, works 等，都属于形式上是复数的名词，实际意义为单数名词，它们作主语时，其谓语动词要用单 数形式。如：The paper works was built in 1990. / I think physics isn't easy to study. 6、 trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, 等词作主语时， 谓语用复数， 但如果这些名词前有 a (the) pair of 等量词修饰时， 谓语动词用单数。 如： My glasses are broken. / The pair of shoes under the bed is his. 7、"定冠词 the + 形容词或分词"，表示某一类人时，动词用复数。 如：The rich are not always happy. （三） 就近一致原则： 在英语句子中， 有时谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。 1、当两个主语由 either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also 连接 时， 谓语动词和邻近的主语一致。 如： Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. / Is neither he nor they wholly right? 2、there be 句型 be 动词单复数取决于其后的主语。如果其后是由 and 连接的两个主语，则 应与靠近的那个主语保持一致。 如： There are two chairs and a desk in the room. There is a desk and two chairs in the room.
主谓一致练习： 1. The old ____well looked after by the government in China. A. is B. are C. has been D. was 2. The teacher and writer____very busy now. A. is B. are C. was D. Were 3. Both the secretary and the manager _____agreed to attend the meeting. A. has B. have C. are D. was 4. Freyman as well as two of his classmates _____invited to the party. A. was B. were C. have been D. had been 5. Either you or I _____going to the teachers' office after class. A. am B. is C. are D. will 6. Most of his spare time ____spent in reading. A. are B. were C. was D. have been 7. This is one of the best novels that ____appeared this year. A.have been B. has C. had been D. have 8. Ten thousand dollars _____quite a large sum. A.are B. is C. were D. have 9. About 20 percent of the work ____done yesterday. A. are B. is C. were D . was 10. Mr Smith， together with his children， ____arrived. A.are B. has C. is D. have 11. It ____I who _____leaving for London. A.is…is B. am…is C. is…am D. am…am
12. Not only Tom but also his wife ____fond of singing. A. are B. were C. be D. is 13. When and where to build the new school____yet. A. is not decided B. are not decided C. has not decided D. have not decided 14. Although the first part of the book is easy， the rest ______. A. are difficult B. has proved difficult D. have been found difficult
C. is supposed difficult
15. That they were wrong in these matters _____ now clear to us all. A. is B. was C. are D. were 16. Half of his goods ____ stolen the other day. A. are B. were C. is D. was 17. Mathematics ____the language of science. A. are B. are going to be C. is D. is to be 18. Each of the students _____ a Chinese-English dictionary. A. have B. has C. there is D. there are 19. They each ____ a beautiful handkerchief. A. have B. has C. there is D. there are 20. Between the two rows of trees _____the teaching building. A. stand B. stands C. standing D. are 21. This pair of shoes ____made in Nanjing. A.is B. are C. have been D. had been 22. No one except my parents _____anything about it.
A. know B. knows
C. is knowing D. have known
23. A number of students _____from the south. A. are B. is C. have D. has 24. The number of students from the north ____small. A.are B. is C. have D. has 25. Writing stories and articles _____what I enjoy most， A.is B. are C. was D. were 26. His "Selected Poems" _____first published in 1965. A.were B. was C. has been D. are 27. Miss Smith is a friend of ______. A. Mary's mother's B. Mary's mother C. Mother's of Mary D. Mary mother's
28. A good deal of money ____spent on books. A. have B. has C. have been D. has been 29. On the wall _____ two large portraits. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. hanging 30. _____turn green in spring. A. Leaf B. Leafs C. Leave D. Leaves 31. Father went to his doctor for ____about his heart trouble. A. an advice B. advice C. advices D. the advices 32. All but one ____here just now. A. is B. was C. has been D. were 33. The number of people invited _____fifty， but a number of them _____absent
for different reasons. A. were; was B. was; was C. was; were D. were; were 34. The air in big cities _____very dirty by factories. A. are often made B. is often made C. have often made D. has often made 35. Nobody ____to smoke in the cinema. A. allows B. allow C. is allowed D. are allowed 36. The Chinese people _____hard-working and brave. A. are B. is C. has been D. are being 37. ____can be done _____been done. A. All; have B. All that; have C. All; has D. All that; has 38. John has two brothers， but either ____out of work now. A. are B. is C. has D. have 39. The police ____the murderer everywhere when he suddenly appeared in a theatre. A. is searching for B. were searching for C. are searching for D. were searching 40. Apples of this kind ____. A. tastes good B. tastes well C. taste good D. taste well 41. Your trousers ____dirty， you must have _____washed. A. is; it B. are; it C. are; them D. is; them 42. Where ____rubbish， there are flies. A. there are B. there is C. is D. there has 43. The Olympic Games ____held every ____years.
A. is; four B. are; four C. is; five D. are; five 44. Many a man _____ come to help us. A. have B. has C. is D. are 45. He is the only one of the students who _____elected. A. are B. have C. has D. is 46. Three-fourths of the homework _____today. A. has finished B. has been finished C. have finished D. have been finished 47. Those who ____ in ____compositions， please hand them in this afternoon. A. hasn't handed; his B. haven't handed; their handed; his 48. Jane is one of the best students in her class who _____by their teacher. A. are praised B. is praised C. praised D. praising 49. The whole class _____the teacher attentively. A. are listening to B. is listening to C. are listening D. is listening 50. The United States of America _____one of the most developed countries in the world. A. is B. are C. was D. were 参考答案： 1-5 BABAA 6-10 CDBDB 11-15 CDABA 16-20 BCBAB 21-25 ABABA 26-30 BADBD 31-35 BDCBC 36-40 ADBBC 41-45 CBBBD 46-50 BBAAA C.has handed; their D. have
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