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高考英语名词性从句讲解及练习


名词性从句:主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句。
一.主语从句:由一个从句来充当句子的主语的复合句。 1. _______the earth is round is true. A. What B. That C. Where D. How 2. __________( If, Whether ) he will come hasn’t been decided.

3. ________ you need is more pracitce. A. What B. That C. All which D. How 4. _________ hasn’t been decided. A. When will we have the meeting B. When we will have the meeting 5. _________ leaves the classroom last will turn off the lights. A. Whatever B. Whoever C. Who D. Whom 6. _________ was said here must be kept secret. A. Whatever B. Whoever C. Who D. What 1). 引导主语从句的连接词有:连词 that, whether;连接代词 who, whoever, what, whatever 和 which;连接副词 when, where, how 和 why。 注意:1. that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用;连接代词和连接副词在句中既保留自己的疑 问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分。 2. 表示 “是否”时,只能用 “whether”引导主语从句 3. 疑问词( when, where, why, what…)+陈述语序 2).为了防止一些句子头重脚轻,通常用 it 做形式主语 1. It is said ________ his father will come back from Japan. A. What B. That C. All which D. How 2. It is surprising _______ the weather is so warm for April. A.that B.when C.whether D.where 3. That the earth is round is true.= 4. Whether he will come hasn’t been decided.= 5. Where the hero went is not mentioned at the end of the story.= 用 it 做形式主语的常用句型 It is a fact (a shame, a pity, good news…) It is true (certain, clear…) It is said (reported, believed…) It seems/happened that … It worried sb a lot that …

注意:
It is important / natural / necessary / impossible/strange/unusual /suggested /advised /ordered/ requested/insisted/ required … that 中,从句谓语动词用“(should) + do”的形式, It is necessary that we ________________(learn) English grammar well. It is suggested that we ________________(not go) out to play. 3). Who, whom, which, what 可以和 ever 构成合成词,引导从句,起加强语气的作用。 但引导主语从句不能用 no matter who / what… Exercise: 1. ________that they found an unusual plant in the forest. A. It is said B. They are said C. It said D. It says

2. _____ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. A. What B. That C. How D. Where 3. ____surprised me most was _____such a little girl of seven could play the violin so well. A. That; what B. What; that C. That; that D. What; what 4. _____ helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. A. Who B. Anyone C. Whoever D. The person 5. _______he passed the important but difficult exam is a very good thing. A. What B. As C./ D. That 6. _______he saw in his office the day before yesterday is still a puzzle. A. That B. Whose C. Which D. Whom 7. ______will be in charge of our company is still being discussed by the leaders of our city. A. Who B. Whom C. Which D. Whoever 8. ______they settled that social problem interests every one of us. A. How B. What C. Which D. That 9. _____we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. (NMET 1996) A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 10.________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What B. That C. Whoever D. Whatever 11. It worried her a bit ____ her hair was turning grey. A. while B. that C. if D. for 12.When and why he came here ________ yet. A. is not known B. are not known C. has not known D. have not known 13. ________ Tom liked to eat was different from ________. A. That…that you had expected B. What …that you had expected C. That…what you had expected D. What…what you had expected 14.________ we go swimming every day ________ us a lot of good. A. If...do B. That...do C. If...does D. That...does 15.It's uncertain ________ the experiment is worth doing. A. if B. that C. whether D. how 16.____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. A. What, what B. What, that C. That, that D. That, what 17._______we'll finish translating the book depends on the time. A. When B. Why C. What D. That 18.______the house will be built will be discussed at tomorrow's meeting. A. If B. Where C. That D. What 二.宾语从句:由一个从句来充当句子的宾语的复合句。 a. He said ________ he was feeling ill. b. I doubt _________ he will be here in time. (是否) c. My teacher was satisfied with _______ I did. d. She will write a book on ______ young mothers should raise their babies. e.I’m sure _______ he will win. f. We are not certain ______ will our new English teacher. g. She suggested that we _______ (go) to Japan for holiday.

1).及物动词的宾语, 介词的宾语, 形容词后宾语 连接词有:连词 that, whether/if;连接代词 who, what 和 which;连接副词 when, where, how 和 why。 注意:1. that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用,可省。 2.. 疑问词( when, where, why, what…)+陈述语序 2).形式宾语 think/ find/make … it +adj. +that….结构中,it 作形式宾语。 I find _______ necessary that we do some reading every day. We think _______ right that all the people should obey the laws. 3) . 反义疑问句: think/believe/ imagine/ suppose… 引导的宾语从句,如果主语是“ I, We” 那么: I don’t think you can do that, _____ ____ ? I think he is right, _____ ____? I don’t believe he will go,_____ _____? 4). 在 suggest, demand, insist, order, wish 等动词后 的宾语从句中, 谓语动词须用虚拟语 气,即 (should)+ 动词原型 She suggested that we ______________(not go) there for holiday. The boy insisted that he _____________(go) abroad next year. 5). 插入句 疑问词+ do you think /believe /suppose/ guess… + 正常的陈述语序? How many books do you guess _________________(he buy) the other day? Exercise: (1) This depends on _________ the weather is fine. A. which B. whether C. if D. that (2) I don’t know ________ Mr. Green will come to see us. He’ll help us with our English. A. why B. when C. how D. where (3) You’ll have to decide _______ car we’ll use, yours or mine. A.which B.what C.whose D.whether (4) Did you find out ______? A. she was looking for whose child B. whose child was she looking for C. whose child she is looking for D. whose child she was looking for (5) She asked Tom ________ with his car? A. what the matter was B. what the matter is C. what was the matter D. what is the matter (6) The teacher said that the earth _______round the sun. A. goes B. go C. went D. will go (7) It’s 7:30. I can’t believe you___ cooking dinner yet, Sally. A. haven’t started B. didn’t C. don’t start D. hadn’t started (8) The teacher demanded that we _____ home before handing in the exercise books. A.should go B.didn’t go C.not go D.don’t go (9). He believes she is right, __________? A.doesn’t he B.does he C.is she D.isn’t she (10).I thought that he disliked playing football, __________? A.didn’t he B.did he C.did I D.didn’t I

(11). I find _____ important that we practice English every day. A. it B. this C. that D. what 12.—What did you parents think about your decision? —They always let me do ________ I think I should. (06 全国Ⅱ) A. when B. that C. how D. what 13. Please remind me _____ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. A. where B. when C. how D. what (06 全国Ⅰ) 14. Mary wrote an article on ____ the team had failed to win the game. (05 全国卷) A.why B.what C.who D.that 15. ——We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time. ——What do you consider _______to her?(NMET 1990) A. was happening B. to happen C .has happened D. happening 16. I hate ____when people talk with their mouths full. (NMET98) A. it B. that C. these D. then 三.表语从句: 放在 be 动词和系动词 look, seem 等之后的句子. 1. Another advantage is _______ DVDs can store as much as four hours of programmes. 2. The question is __________ can complete the difficult task. 3. My question is __________( whether , if )he will come tomorrow. 4. That’s just ________ I want. 5. That is ______ he didn’t come to the meeting. 1). 引导表语从句的连接词有:连词 that, whether;连接代词 who, what 和 which;连接副 词 when, where, how 和 why。 注意:1. that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用,但不能省;连接代词和连接副词在句中既保 留自己的疑问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分。 2. 表示 “是否”时,只能用 “whether”引导主语从句 3. 疑问词( when, where, why, what…)+陈述语序 2). 表语从句可以用 as if/though 引导,“好象…” It looks as if it will rain soon. 3).The reason why….is that + 句子。 The reason why he came late is ______( because, that ) he got up late. 4).用 because 引导的表语从句仅限于以下一个句型: This / That / It is because (that)… I think it’s because you are doing too much. Exercise: 1. That’s _______ they met. A. that B. what C. which D. where 2. The question is ______ we can make good preparation in such a short time. A. that B. whether C. which D. where 3. The reason why he is late for school is ______he missed the early bus. A. how B. that C. when D. why 4. --- Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game? --- Oh, that’s ______ makes me feel excited. A. that B. what C. when D. why

5. The reason they are not coming is _______the hosts. A. that they are mad at B. because they are mad to C. because they are angry with D. that they are angry with 6. Energy is _______ makes things work. A. what B. something C. anything D. that 7. The book looked ______ it had been out in the rain. A. that B. whether C. as though D. what 8. He is strangely dressed. He looked ______ he _____back from another star. A. as if, has just come B. as if, had just come C. like, just came back D. that, was just coming 9. Spring is ________ the countryside is most beautiful. A. how B. where C. when D. why 10. ______ I don’t understand is ______ you keep so many old books at home. A. What, that B. That, that C. What, why D. That, how 11. That’s _____ I want to say. A. all what B. what C. all which D. what that 12. The question is _____ I can get there on time. A. why B. how C. what D. that 13. My suggestion is _____ we ______ a few comrades to help them. A. if, send B. that, send C. when that, sent D. that where, sent 14. The reason why I plan to go is ____if I don’t. A. because she will be disappointed B. that she will be disappointed C. because she will have a disappointment D. on account of she will be disappointed 15. Our school has been added to several times. It is no longer ______. A. what it used to be B. that it was C. the one what it used to be D. which it used to be 四.同位语从句:跟在抽象名词后面,进一步说明该名词的具体内容或对该名词作进一步 的解释,从句中先行词不充当从句成分; ? Yesterday I met Tom, a friend of my brother’s. ? The news that our team has won the match is true. 1). 抽象名词: A.idea, fact, news, opinion, reason, possibility, truth… 连词:that B.question, problem, no idea… 连词: why, how, where, what… C.suggestion, demand, request, order 连词:that + sb (should) do Exercise: 1. The news ________our team has won the game is really encouraging. 2. I have no idea ________ he did it. 3. I have no idea ________ the meeting will begin. 4. The problem __________(if/whether) they will go to Beijing hasn’t been discussed yet. 5. We haven’t settled the question _______ we’re going to spend our summer vacation. 6. I have no idea __________ she has said. 7. His suggestion that the meeting ______________( put off) was accepted by us. 8. His dream came true ______ he would become a world famous footballer. 2). 引导同位语从句的连接词有:连词 that, whether;连接代词 who, what 和 which;连接 副词 when, where, how 和 why。

注意:1. that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用,但不能省;连接代词和连接副词在句中既保
留自己的疑问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分。 2. 表示 “是否”时,只能用 “whether” 3. 疑问词( when, where, why, what…)+陈述语序 4. 在 suggestion, order, demand, request, proposal 等词后的同位语从句中, 从句要用 “(should) + 动词原形” a. He made a suggestion that we ____________ (have) a football match. 3). 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 1.Have you heard the news that our team won the game? 2.Have you heard the news that was reported from the front? 1. He made a promise that he wouldn’t be able to keep. 2. He made a promise that he would spend more time with his son. 同位语从句只是补充或解释前面名词的具体内容,从句中先行词不充当从句成分; 定语 从句用来修饰前面的名词或代词,先行词在从句中既起到连接作用,又在从句中充当成分. Exercises: 1. The fact ____ she works hard is well known to us all. A. that B. what C. why D. which 2. The fact ____ he was successful proves his ability. A. that B. what C. which D. why 3. The news ____ he was kidnapped surprised us greatly. A. what B. that C. why D. when 4. His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down. A. which B. that C. / D. it 5. I have no idea ____ he will start. A. when B. that C. what D. / 6. But the fact remains ______ we are behind the other classes. A. how B. where C. when D. that 7. The question remains ______ the Party can win the majority of the people. A. that B. if C. whether D. / 8. He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A. whether B. where C. that D. when 9. He can’t answer the question ____he got the money. A. that B. whom C. how D. whether 10. His suggestion ______ to see the art exhibition interested every one of us. A. that we go B. which we should go C. that we would go D. when we should go 11. An idea came to her_______ she might do the experiment in another day. A. that B. what C. when D. which 12.They have no idea at all ______. A. where he has gone B. which place he has gone C. where did he go D. where has he gone 13. Mother made a promise _______ I entered a key school, she would take me to Hongkong. A. that B. that if C. if D. whether


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