当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 2016届高三英语二轮复习 题型攻略 专题1 阅读理解 位高“分”重 第2节 顺藤摸瓜 明辨词义猜测检测

2016届高三英语二轮复习 题型攻略 专题1 阅读理解 位高“分”重 第2节 顺藤摸瓜 明辨词义猜测检测


顺藤摸瓜 明辨词义猜测

Passage A (2015·辽宁沈阳高三质检)Scientists in Argentina have created the world’s first cow with two human genes that will enable it to produce human?like milk. Genetic engineering was used to introduce the “ mothers’ milk” genes into the animal before birth , according to the National Institute of Agribusiness Technology in Buenos Aires. As an adult,the cloned cow “will produce milk that is similar to that of humans”,which will prove “a development of great importance for the nutrition of infants(婴儿)”,said the institute.“The cloned cow,named Rosita ISA,is the first in the world with two human genes that contain the proteins present in human milk,” said the statement. In April,scientists in China published details of research showing that they had created dairy cows which produced milk containing proteins found in human breast milk. But the Argentine team said the Chinese only introduced one human gene,while their research involved two,meaning the milk will more_closely_resemble that of humans. “Our goal was to raise the nutrition value of cows’ milk by adding two human genes,which do good to the immune system of infants,” said Adrian Mutto,from the National University of San Martin which worked with the institute. Cristina Kirchner,President of Argentina,said the scientific institute made all Argentines proud. She also said that she had rejected the “ honor” of having the cow named after her.“They came to tell me that the name is Cristina, but what woman would like to have a cow named after her? It appeared to me to be more proper to call it Rosita.” 1.What is the passage mainly about? A.The importance of genetic engineering. B.Ways to improve mothers’ milk. C.A cloned cow to produce human?like milk. D.Advanced agricultural technology in Argentina. 2.Which of the following can best replace “ more closely resemble” in Paragraph 4?

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A.have more varieties than B.be more similar to C.have more nutrition than D.be more different from 3.What can be inferred from Cristina Kirchner’s statements? A.She was quite satisfied with the research done by the institute. B.She considered it an honor to name the special cow. C.She felt it improper to be named after the cow. D.She refused to give a name to the cow out of self?respect. 【语篇解读】 阿根廷国家农业综合科技研究所的科学家们日前宣布, 他们已成功培育出一 头能够产类似人奶的奶牛。 1.解析:选 C。根据文章第一段“Scientists in Argentina have created the world’s first cow with two human genes that will enable it to produce human?like milk.” 可知,阿根廷的科学家们已成功培育出一头能够产类似人奶的奶牛。故选 C 项。 2.解析:选 B。根据第四段的第二句可知,阿根廷的研究组称中国研究组仅放入了一个人 类基因,而他们的研究包含了两个,这意味着产出的牛奶将和人奶更相似。故选 B 项。 3.解析:选 A。根据最后一段 Cristina Kirchner 的话“made all Argentines proud”可 推知,她对这个研究感到非常满意。故选 A 项。 Passage B (2016·吉林长春质检)Being physically active three times a week reduces the odds of being depressed by about 16%,according to new UCL research carried out as part of the Public Health Research Centre. The study , published in JAMA Psychiatry ,found a two?way relationship between depression and physical activity.People who increased their weekly activity were reported to have fewer depressive symptoms but those with more depressive symptoms were less active,particularly at younger ages. Researchers followed 11,135 people born in 1958 up until the age of 50 , recording depressive symptoms and levels of physical activity at regular intervals in adulthood. They found that each additional activity period per week reduced odds of depression by 6%.In England 19% of men and 26% of women are currently classed as “ inactive”,and this study suggests that activity could significantly improve their mental as well as physical health. “Assuming the association is causal, physical activity has a protective effect against depression.If an adult between his twenties and forties who isn’t
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physically active became active 3 times per week,he would reduce his risks of depression by about 16%,” said Dr Snehal of the UCL Institute of Child Health,

lead author of the study. Professor Mark,Director of the Public Health Research Centre,said: “ Many people are already aware of the benefits of physical activity on their general health,but now we are seeing more evidence that suggests it also has a positive effect on a person’s mental well?being.The latest research highlights just how important it is to ensure that people are working and living in environments that allow them to be both physically active and mentally healthy.” 4.The underlined word “odds” in Paragraph 1 probably means “________”. A.benefits C.risks B.intervals D.ages

5.According to the second paragraph,if people increase their weekly activity, ________. A.their depressive symptoms will be fewer B.their depressive symptoms will be more C.they will become much younger D.they will become more depressive 6.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.Dr Snehal thinks it is important to be both physically and mentally healthy. B. The research shows men are more active in physical activity than women. C.Adults who insist on physical activity will avoid depression completely. D.Increasing physical activity can free people from depression in a way. 7.What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A.To tell us a fun story about how to protect us against depression. B.To introduce a research on the link between physical activity and depression. C.To persuade readers to increase their weekly activity. D.To describe the disadvantages of physical activity. 【语篇解读】 最新研究表明,增加每周锻炼身体的次数,能降低人们患抑郁症的风险。 4. 解析: 选 C。 根据第四段中的“If an adult between his twenties and forties who isn’t physically active became active 3 times per week , he would reduce his risks of depression by about 16%”可知, 人们每周锻炼三次, 能让患抑郁症的可能性降低大约 16%。 由此可推断出,odds 和 risks 的意思一样。故 C 项正确。 5.解析:选 A。根据第二段中的“People who increased their weekly activity were
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reported to have fewer depressive symptoms”可知,如果人们增加他们每周锻炼的次数, 就会有较少的抑郁症状。故 A 项正确。 6.解析:选 D。根据第一段中的“Being physically active three times a week reduces the odds of being depressed by about 16%”可推知,增加锻炼身体的次数在某种程度上 能降低患抑郁症的可能性。故 D 项正确。 7.解析:选 B。本文主要向读者介绍了一项科学研究成果,这份研究讲述的是身体锻炼和 抑郁症之间的联系。故 B 项正确。 Passage C Students and Technology in the Classroom I love my Blackberry—it’s my little connection to the larger world that can go anywhere with me.I also love my laptop computer,as it holds all of my writing and thought.Despite this love of technology,I know that there are times when I need to move away from these devices(设备)and truly communicate with others. On occasion,I teach a course called History Matters for a group of higher education managers.My goals for the class include a full discussion of historical themes and ideas.Because I want students to thoroughly study the material and exchange their ideas with each other in the classroom.I have a rule—no laptops, iPads,phones,etc.When students were told my rule in advance of the class,some of them were not happy. Most students assume that my reasons for this rule include unpleasant experiences in the past with students misusing technology.There’s a bit of truth to that.Some students assume that I am anti?technology.There’s no truth in that at all.I love technology and try to keep up with it so I can relate to my students. The real reason why I ask students to leave technology at the door is that I think there are very few places in which we can have deep conversations and truly engage complex ideas.Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on outside information for ideas.I want students to dig deep within themselves for inspiration and ideas.I want them to push each other to think differently and to make connections among the course,the material and the class discussion. I’ve been teaching my history class in this way for many years and the educations reflect student satisfaction with the environment that I create.Students realize that with deep conversation and challenge,they learn at a level that helps them keep the course material beyond the classroom.
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I’m not saying that I won’t ever change my mind about technology use in my history class,but until I hear a really good reason for the change.I’m sticking to my plan.A few hours of technology?free dialogue is just too sweet to give up. 8.Some of the students in the history class were unhappy with________. A.the course material B.others’ misuse of technology C.discussion topics D.the author’s class regulation 9.The underlined word “engage” in Paragraph 4 probably means________. A.explore C.change B.accept D.reject

10.According to the author,the use of technology in the classroom may ________. A.keep students from doing independent thinking B.encourage students to have in?depth conversations C.help students to better understand complex themes D.affect students’ concentration on course evaluation 11.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that the author ________. A.is quite stubborn B.will give up teaching history C.will change his teaching plan soon D.values technology?free dialogues in his class 【语篇解读】 因。 8.解析:选 D。细节理解题。根据第二段的 When students were told my rule in advance of the class,some of them were not happy.可知,学生们对于作者禁止他们在自己的课 上使用电脑等科技产品的规定感到不满。 9.解析:选 A。词义猜测题。根据划线词前面的 we can have deep conversations 可知, 由于我们能够进行交谈,所以我们能够深入地探讨复杂的问题,因此这里的 engage 的意思 是“探讨”。 10.解析:选 A。细节理解题。根据第四段的 Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on outside information for ideas. 可知,作者认为科技阻碍了学生们独立思考的能力。 11.解析:选 D。推理判断题。根据最后一段的 I’m sticking to my plan.A few hours of technology?free dialogue is just too sweet to give up.可知答案为 B。
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本文主要介绍了作者为什么在自己的课上不允许学生们使用科技产品的原

Passage D (2015· 河 南 郑 州 质 检 )It was something she had dreamed of since she was five.Finally,after years of training and intensive workouts,Deborah Duffey was

going to compete in her first high school basketball game.The goals of becoming an outstanding player and playing college ball were never far from Deborah’s mind. The game was against Mills High School.With 1 minute and 42 seconds left in the game,Deborah’s team led by one point.A player of Mills had possession of the ball,and Deborah ran to guard against her.As Deborah was running to block the player, her knee went out and she fell down on the court in burning pain.Just like that, Deborah’s season was over. After suffering the bad injury,Deborah found that,for the first time in her life,she was in a situation beyond her control.Game after game,she could do nothing but sit on the sidelines watching others play the game that she loved so much. Injuries limited Deborah’s time on the court as she hurt her knees three more times in the next five years.She had to spend countless hours in a physical clinic to receive treatment.Her frequent visits there gave her a passion and

respect for the profession.And Deborah began to see a new light in her life. Currently as a senior in college,Deborah focuses on getting a degree in physical treatment.After she graduates,Deborah plans to use her knowledge to educate people how to best take care of their bodies and cope_with the feelings of hopelessness that she remembers so well. 12.What is the best title for this passage? A.A Painful Mistake B.A Great Adventure C.A Lifelong Punishment D.A New Direction in Life 13.How did Deborah feel when she first hurt her knee? A.Calm. C.Ashamed. B.Confused. D.Disappointed.

14.What is TRUE about Deborah Duffey? A.She didn’t play on the court after the injury. B.She injured her knee when she was trying to block a player. C.She knew that she couldn’t be a basketball player when she was a child. D.She refused to seek professional assistance to help her recover from her injuries.
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15.What does the underlined phrase “cope with” in the last paragraph most likely mean? A.Put up with. C.Deal with. B.Get along with. D.Come up with.

【语篇解读】 本文主要介绍了 Deborah Duffey 是如何从篮球比赛的受伤中获得新生的。 12.解析:选 D。根据文章最后一段可知,Deborah Duffey 现在正在大学学习物理疗法,毕 业后, 她打算利用所学知识教育人们如何照顾身体和处理无助的感觉, 即 Deborah 找到了人 生新的方向。故选 D 项。 13.解析:选 D。根据第三段中的“she was in a situation beyond her control.Game after game,she could do nothing but...loved so much”可推知,Deborah 对自己目前的状况 感到失望。故选 D 项。 14.解析:选 B。根据第二段中的“As Deborah was running to block the player,her knee went out and she fell down on the court in burning pain”可知,Deborah 在拦截一 个球员时,膝盖受伤了。故选 B 项。 15.解析:选 C。根据文章最后一段的内容可知,Deborah Duffey 现在正在大学学习物理疗 法,毕业后,她打算利用所学的知识教育人们如何照顾身体和处理无助的感觉, deal with“处理”。故选 C 项。

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