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5非谓语动词作宾语的归纳


第 5 讲 非谓语动词作宾语的归纳

教学目标:在前面非谓语动词单项选择的基础上,进行理论和实践的提高,争取在综合能力上有所突 破。

不定式、分词做宾语用法要点
一:下列动词只能用不定式做宾语,请牢记: decide to do , determine to do , learn to do ,want to do ,expec

t to do, hope to do , wish to do , refuse to do, manage to do, care to do , pretend to do , offer to do ,promise to do ,choose to do, plan to do , agree to do , ask to do , beg to do , help to do ,afford to do, strive to do, happen to do, wait to do …… 当我经过时,她假装没有看见我 我们约好在此见面。 二:下列动词只能用动名词做宾语,请牢记: Consider doing , suggest doing ,advise doing, look forward to doing, excuse doing, pardon doing, admit doing, delay doing, put off doing, fancy doing, avoid doing ,miss doing, keep doing, keep on doing, practise doing, deny doing, finish doing , enjoy doing , appreciate doing, forbid doing, imagine doing, risk doing , can’t help doing , mind doing, allow doing , permit doing, escape doing; Be used to doing, lead to doing, devote to doing , go back to doing, stick to doing ,object to doing, get down to doing, pay attention to doing, can’t stand doing, give up doing, feel like doing, insist on doing, thank you for doing, apologize for doing, be busy doing, have difficulty/trouble in doing, have a good time in doing, spend time in doing…… 他为了面试准备充分,因为他冒不起失去这个好机会的风险。

训练: 1. The squirrel was so lucky that it just missed ______________(catch) 2. I can hardly imagine Peter ______________(sail)across the ocean in five days. 3. I would appreciate your ___________(call) back this afternoon. 4. The discovery of the new evidence led to the thief ___________(catch) 三:下列动词或词组既可以跟动名词做宾语,也可以跟不定式做宾语,但意义上有区别,请注意: 1. forget to do forget doing
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2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

remember to do remember doing regret to do regret doing stop todo stop doing try to do Try doing mean to do Mean doing go on to do go on doing can’t help to do can’t help doing

训练: 1. She didn’t remember ___________(meet) him before. 2. We’ve always deeply regret __________(sell) the house. 3. This book can’t help ____________(learn) the language. 4. ---When do you plan to leave? ---I mean _________(leave) tomorrow. 2) 动词 like, love, prefer 之后接不定式或动名词做宾语均可,注意区别。 如果这几个动词前有 would/should 时,后面则应该接不定式做宾语。

3)allow, advise ,forbid, permit, consider 后有两种形式,特别容易混淆和考察。

4)动词 need ,require , want 的特殊考点。

5)be worth 和 be worthy 的用法区别 这个地方值得一看

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训练: 1. He would like _______(sing) this song now. 2. Do you feel like ________(have) a cup of tea? 3. The extra money will allow us _______(buy) a car. 4. This book is worth ____________.(read) 5. This book is worthy ____________.(read) 6. All cars require ____________(service) regularly. 四:动词不定式在介词 but, other than 后面时,to 有时候可以省略,有时候不能。请牢记 We could do nothing but wait. He had no choice but to wait. 另外,在 can’t choose but do, can’t help but do (只好) ,can’t but do(只好), had better do ,would rather do ,这些句型当中的不定式也要省略 to. He cannot choose but stay on . I can’t but agree to his terms. (我只好同意他的条件) 五:不定式做动词 tell, show, understand, explain, teach, learn, advise, discuss, ask, decide, wonder, find out 等词的宾语时,前面常带引导词 how, what, whether, where, when, who 等+ to do , 但是, why 却要加不带 to 的不定式,如: He showed us how to do the work. We must decide whether to stay or go. Can you tell me why do it? 训练: If you are planning to spend your money having fun this week, better _______(forget) it-----you’ve got some big bills coming. I wonder how _________(solve) this problem. What can we do but _________(sit) and _________(wait)?

配套练习: 1. I like __________ very much, but I don’t like _________ this morning. A. swimming, swimming B. to swim, to swim C. swimming, to swim D. to swim, swimming 2. Little Jim should love __________ to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 3. ---“Did you close the door?” ---“Yes, I remember __________ it.” A. to close B. to closing C. closing D. closed
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4. Remember __________ the newspaper when you have finished it. A. putting back B. having put back C. to put back D. will put back 5. I’m sorry I forgot _______ your dictionary. Let’s borrow one from Li Ming. A. to take B. taking C. to bring D. bringing 6. Henry always forgets things he has done. Yesterday he forgot __________ and looked for it everywhere. A. to post the letter B. to have the letter posted C. to have posted the letter D. having posted the letter 7. My brother regretted __________ a lecture given by Professor Liu. A. missing B. to miss C. missed D. being missed 8. I regret __________ you that we are unable to offer you a job. A. informing B. having informed C. to inform D. to informing 9. I felt tired with walking, so I stopped __________ a break for an hour. A. having B. to have C. taking D. to taking 10. The teacher told the students to stop __________ to him. A. to write and listen B. writing and listening C. to write and listening D. writing and to listen 11. ---“What can we do to help Li Hai.” ---“All we can do is to try __________ that he ought to study more.” A. making him to realize B. making him realize C. to make him realize D. to make him to realize 12. You didn’t hear us come in last night. That’s good. We tried ____ noisy. A. to be not B. not to be C. not being D. being not 13. He finished his homework, then he went on __________ a letter. A. write B. writing C. with D. to write 14. The grass has grown so tall that it needs _________. A. to cut B. to be cut it C. cutting D. being cut 15. ---”You’ve come just in time to help us.” ---“Fine, what needs __________?” A. I do B. done C. to be done D. to do 16. You didn’t need __________ him the news; it just made him sad. A. telling B. tell C. to tell D. that you would tell 17. These young trees require __________ carefully. A. looking after B. to look after C. to be looked at D. looking for 18. The sentence wants __________ once more. A. to explain B. explaining C. being explained D. to be explained it 19. He hasn’t got used __________ in the countryside yet. A. live B. to live C. to living D. living 20. A very well-known person __________ in this house. A. is used to live B. used to live C. is used to living D. used to living
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21. The clock was beginning __________ twelve and everybody held their breath. A. strike B. to strike C. striking D. struck 22. I begin __________ the meaning, which begins __________. A. understanding, to be clear B. to understand, to be clear C. understanding, being clear D. to understand, being clear 23. The police forbid __________ here. A. park B. parking C. to park D. to be parked 24. The heavy rain forbade me __________ to school. A. from my coming B. to come C. come D. my coming 25. Tom’s parents do not allow Tom __________ swimming. A. going B. to go C. go D. goes 26. Sorry, we don’t allow __________ in the lecture room. A. to smoke B. smoke C. smoking D. to smoking 27. Visitors are not permitted __________ the park after dark, because of the lack of lighting. A. to enter B. entering C. to enter in D. entering in 28. They don’t permit __________ noise her. A. to make B. make C. making D. made 29. Missing the train means __________ for an hour. A. to wait B. to be waited C. being waited D. waiting 30. I meant __________ you, but I was so busy. A. to call on B. calling on C. to call at D. calling at

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