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第一学期写作模拟题


PART I. FIGURE OF SPEECH MATCHING(10×1’=10’)
Directions: Match the words given with the figure of speech used in each of the following sentences. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.

Metaphor Simile Personification Metonymy Synecdoche Irony Euphemism Understatement Overstatement Alliteration Oxymoron Transferred Epithet 1. 2. 3. 4. The storm was so angry that it wanted to destroy everything in its way. His writing is clear and clean His unfriendly tongue surprised her. When the news of the failure came all his friends said that it was a victorious

defeat. 5. She is dying to know what job has been assigned her. 6. Germany beat Argentina 2 to1 in this exciting football match. 7. She spoke hurriedly as if her heart had leaped into her throat at the boy’s words. 8. Learning is climbing up a mountain. 9. Sword and cross in hand, the European conquerors fell upon the Americans. 10. The youth were singing, laughing and playing the music instruments. The trees and flowers around them danced heartily as if touched by merry mood.

PART II. SENTENCE REVISING (10×2’=20’)
A. The following sentences are wordy. Try to make them concise. 11. He returned back home after he graduated from college. 12. He was kind enough to let me share the same umbrella with him. 13. This machine was jointly designed by the old engineer in collaboration with some of his younger colleagues. 14. One reason why people are well informed in this country is because of the fact that there are many newspapers which can easily be bought or subscribed to. 15. Universities should also support extracurricular activities as well. B. The following sentences are not unified or coherent. Try to improve them. 16. He put the cowboy hat on his head which he had bought in Phoenix. 17. After showing my pass, the guard allowed me to enter the building. 18. If interested in painting, a course can be taken at the evening school. 19. She told my sister that she was wrong. 20. Dickens’ novels offer no solution to the social injustices he exposes in

them.

PART III. PARAGRAPH REVISING (2×10’=20’)
Directions: Revise the following passages. Write your answers on the ANSWER

SHEET. Mark standards: conciseness or variety (40%), key points (30%), word choice and grammar (20%) and handwriting (10%). A. Improve the following paragraph, paying attention to conciseness. Eveline Hill is the major character in James Joyce’s short story “Eveline.” The background information that is related in “Eveline” is that her mother is dead. Her father, though living, is an alcoholic. It is Eveline who has been working hard as a shop assistant to try to support the family. One day, Eveline meets Frank who lives in Buenos Aires. They fall in love and she must make a choice between going with him to have a new life and staying to take care of her father and the family. If she chooses to stay with her father, then the consequence is that she will lose the only love she has ever known and live a miserable life as her mother did. On the other hand, the idea of actually leaving her home to live in a distant unknown country fills her with anxiety and fear. B. Improve the following paragraph, paying attention to variety. He was born in a small village. His father was a teacher in the village school. His mother did the housework. He began to go to his father ’s school at seven. He graduated from it six years later. Then he went to the junior middle school in a nearby town. He studied at a senior middle school in the county seat. He was a good student there. He got good marks at the college entrance examinations. He enrolled in a university in the provincial capital. He studied civil engineering there. He wanted to build a highway for his home village in future. He loved his village very much.

PART IV. SEQUENCING (5×2’=10’)
Directions: The following sentences go together to form a paragraph, but they are in the wrong order. You should read carefully and put them in the right order. Write the correct letter of your choice (A-E) in the proper box. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. A. With a family close by, he or she can ask questions about attendance rules and school costs. B. As a result, English will surround the student most of the time during his or her stay in the United States. C. In the second place, living with an American family provides the student with an ideal environment to improve his or her English. D. For example, each time the student has a conversation with someone in the family, this native speaker can help with his or her pronunciation and grammar E. In the first place, by taking part in a home-stay program, the student will learn about many other aspects of the American way of life, such as the way schools are run in the United States.

Correct order

PART V. PARAGRAPH WRITING (40’)
Directions: Try to make the following general description more vivid and clear by using some specific words and certain familiar figures of speech. Write a paragraph about 50 words. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. Mark standards: content (30%), organization (30%), word choice and grammar (30%) and handwriting (10%). General: Students do many exercises in English writing class.

Part I. Figure of Speech Matching (10×1’=10’)
1. 4. 6. 9. Personification Oxymoron Synecdoche Metonymy 2. Alliteration 3. Transferred Epithet 5. Overstatement/ Hyperbole 7. Simile 8. Metaphor 10. Personification

PART II. Sentence Revising (10×2’=20’)
A. The following sentences are wordy. Try to make them concise. 11. He returned home after he graduated from college. 12. He was kind enough to let me share the umbrella with him. 13. This machine was designed by the old engineer in collaboration with some of his younger colleagues. / This machine was jointly designed by the old engineer and some of his younger colleagues. 14. One reason why people are well informed in this country is that many newspapers can easily be bought or subscribed to. 15. Universities should also support extracurricular activities. / Universities should support extracurricular activities as well. B. The following sentences are not unified or coherent. Try to improve them. 16. He put the cowboy hat which he had bought in Phoenix on his head. 17. After showing my pass, I was allowed to enter the building (by the guard). 18. If interested in painting, you can take a course at the evening school. 19. “I’m wrong,” she said to my sister. / She admitted that she was wrong and said so to my sister. / “You’re wrong,” she said to my sister. / My sister was told that she was wrong. 20. Dickens offers no solution to the social injustices he exposes in his novels.

PART ⅢParagraph Revising
[评分标准]

(2× 10’=20’)

1. 每个段落满分 10 分,按四个档次给分。其中 6 分为该部分的及格分,需要慎 重把握。 2. 答题中的拼写错误可以每六个扣 1 分,但不重复扣分。 3. 分值不得出现 0.5 分。 第一档:9--10 分 完全符合写作格式的要求,覆盖所有内容要点,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连

贯性很好,基本上无词汇和语法错误。 第二档:7--8 分 基本符合写作格式的要求, 有个别地方表达思想不够清楚, 文字基本通顺连贯, 有少量词汇和语法错误。 第三档:4--6 分 未恰当完成写作格式的要求,漏掉内容要点,表达思想不清楚,文字多处出现 词汇和语法错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 第四档:0--3 分 未完成写作格式的要求,明显遗漏主要内容,表达思想紊乱,有较多词汇和语 法的重大错误,未能将信息传达给读者。 EXAMPLE: 1. Eveline Hill is the major character in James Joyce’s short story “Eveline.” Her mother is dead, and her father is an alcoholic. Eveline has been working hard as a shop assistant to try to support the family. One day, she meets Frank who lives in Buenos Aires and they fall in love. She must now make a choice between going with him to have a new life and staying to take care of her father and the family. If she chooses to stay with her father, she will lose the only love she has ever known and live a miserable life as her mother did. On the other hand, the idea, of living in a distant unknown country fills her with anxiety and fear. 2. He was born in a small village. His father taught at the village school. His mother did the housework. He began to study at his father’s school at seven and six years later entered junior middle school in a nearby town. After graduating from it he was admitted to a senior middle school in the county Seat, where he proved to be a good student. He took the national college entrance examinations, got good marks in most subjects, and was able to enroll in a university in the provincial capital. As a major in civil engineering, he cherished the dream of building a highway for his home village which he dearly loved.

PART IV. Sequencing (5×2’=10’)
25. E 26. A 27. C 28. D 29. B

PART V. Paragraph Writing (40’)
1. 满分 40 分,按六个档次给分。其中 24 分为该部分的及格分,需要慎重把握。 2. 答题中的拼写错误可以每四个扣 1 分,但不重复扣分。 3. 分值不得出现 0.5 分。 Marking Guidelines

36-40

Excellent Reasonably free from errors, substantial length, well-constructed, relevant ideas, all the main arguments presented with adequate examples, good use of complex sentence forms, appropriate choice of words and structures.

31-35

Very good

A few errors, but not too intrusive to reader" s understanding, reasonable length, relevant ideas, main arguments covered, but possibly some examples or information missing, few errors in complex sentence forms, few errors in control of structure and words. Header can follow the argument, but a little interference from errors of structure and choice of words, few errors in subject/verb agreement, most of main arguments presented, a little irrelevant information or lack of relevant examples, control of simple sentence structure, but errors in complex sentences

25-30

Good

24

Pass

Ideas can be followed without too much difficulty on the part of the reader, argument lacks some coherence, a few errors of structure and choice of words are intrusive, control only of simple sentence forms, errors in subject/verb agreement. Difficult to follow ideas, argument weakly presented, some errors even in simple sentence formation, errors in structure and vocabulary are many and are somewhat intrusive.

16-23

Weak

0-15

Very poor Errors in structure and vocabulary prevent much understanding of the message, serious errors in sentence formation, arguments not well presented.


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