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高三名词性从句复习课的教学设计(含课后反思)


名词性从句的复习
西安市第三中学 豆兰兰 一 整体设计思路。 1.通过本节课的复习,培养高三学生对名词性从句的掌握,尤其对高考考点和易 混淆点的辨析。 2. 教学材料选取“马来西亚航班 MH370 失去联系”这一热点事件,旨在激发学 生的兴趣。 二 教学背景分析。 教学内容分析:本节课是复习名词性从句,主要从六个方面进行:语序问题、时 态问题、主谓一致、名词性从句中的虚拟语气、it 作形式主语或形式宾语、连接 词 what 和 that 的区别。 学生情况分析: 经过高一高二的学习,学生对名词性从句的基本概念和基本用法 有了一定的了解,但对高考考点把握不到位,对易混淆点难以区分,所以本课设 计“说-练-总结-巩固-写”的步骤,以热门时事作为语言材料,旨在帮助学生更 好地把握高考考点。 三 教学目标分析。 1.学生通过习题训练总结出名词性从句中语序问题、时态问题、主谓一致问题和 从句中虚拟语气问题的规则, 回忆出 it 作形式主语或形式宾语的句型、 辨析出连 接词 what 和 that 的区别。 2.学生能用名词性从句描述出关于“马来西亚航班 MH370 失去联系”事件的图 片。 3.鼓励学生为同胞祈福,激发学生的同情心。 四 教学重点,难点分析。 教学重点: 帮助学生总结名词性从句中虚拟语气的规则, 回忆 it 作形式主语或形 式宾语的句型并且辨析连接词 what 和 that 的区别。 教学难点:帮助学生区分 what 和 that 的用法。 五 教学过程设计。 Step1 Leading-in

Activity:Ask students to make sentences according to the pictures. Suggested sentences: 1. It was reported that flight MH370 was missing. (主语从句) 2. We are sad at the news that 239 passengers may/will not come back. (同位语从
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句) 3. The report says many countries are searching for the plane. (宾语从句) 4. Their coming back is what we are praying for. (表语从句) 设计目的:激发学生回忆以前所学的名词性从句。 Step2 Exploring Explore six aspects that need our special attention in noun clauses. Provide students with exercises first and then guide them to summarize the rules from the exercises. 设计目的:让学生回忆并进一步熟悉名词性从句的考点和易混淆点。 让学生从 习题中总结能够培养学生的探索和总结能力。 1. 考点 1.语序问题 1)No one can be sure ____ in a million years. what will man look like B. what man will look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like 2)You can?t imagine ____ when they heard about the missing plane. A. how they were grieved C. how grieved were they B. how grieved they were D. they were how grieved

总结:名词性从句在句中要用____语序,从句的引导词必须始终置于______ 2. 考点 2. 时态问题 MH370 with 239 passengers

1. 改错:It was reported that Malaysia Airlines flight lose contact with flight controllers on Saturday.

2. Our physics teacher once told us that light __________ ( travel ) faster than sound. 3. The officials say that several volunteers____ (be) sent yesterday and they_________ (be) there for a few days. 总结:1)主句的动词用过去时,从句谓语动词用_____的某种时态 2)主句的动词用过去时,从句表示客观事实,格言,谚语等 ,从句谓语动词用 _____________ 3)主句的动词用一般现在时,______________________
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3. 考点 3

主谓一致问题

1. When the plane will be found _____ (be) still not known . 2. When and where the plane will be found_____(be)still unknown. 3. When the plane will be found and whether the passengers can go home safely _____ (be) not known . 总结:单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用_____形式。如果是两个或两 个以上的主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用_____形式。由两个或多个连接词引导 一个主语从句,谓语动词用_____形式。 4. 考点 4 名词性从句中的虚拟语气 a)主语从句

1. It is ordered that he _____ the examination. A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take

2. It is strange that two people with fake passports_____ the plane. A. would board C. had boarded B. should board D. has boarded

总结:基本句型:It is +形容词、名词、过去分词+ that ... + (should) do a. It is important (necessary, natural, strange, advisable etc)+that b. It is a pity( a shame, no wonder etc)+that c. It is suggested (ordered, proposed, required, demanded, requested, insisted etc)+that b)宾语从句Ⅰ 1.The officials suggested that information centers _______ at the hotels for the relatives of the passengers. A.should set up B.be set up C. was set up D. setting up

2.The relatives demanded that the authorities______ them informed of the update information. A. keep 3. The B. keeping evidence suggested C. be kept the two D. kept people with fake passports

______(were/be/is)not terrorists. 总结:①表示建议、要求、命令,坚持等动词 suggest、advise、propose、demand、 require 、 insist . request 、 command 、 order 后 的 从 句 谓 语 动 词 用 __________________________ 注意 suggest 当表示“暗示、表明“讲时,insist 表示“坚持认为”之意时,从句谓
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语动词不用虚拟语气,按需要来选择时态。 b)宾语从句Ⅱ a. Mr. Zhang wishes he ______(know) the latest information now. b. He wished his son ______________( not board) the plane five days ago. c. He wishes he ________ (saw/had seen/could see) his son the next minute.

总结:wish 后的宾语从句的虚拟语气: 对现在虚拟时,that 从句中谓语用_______ 对过去虚拟时,用________ 对将来虚拟时,用________ c)表语从句和同位语从句 1. His suggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try 2. The order given by the commander was that they _____ until the commander allowed them to. A. stopped B. didn’t stop C. stop D. not stop

总结:在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice 等名词后面的表语从句、 同位语从句中要用虚拟语气,即_______________________ 5. 考点 5 it 作形式主语和形式宾语

1. It is said that China has deployed (展开)10 satellites to help in the massive air and sea search for a missing Malaysian airliner. 2. But it seems that nothing has been found yet. 3. The Vietnam?s (越南)search and rescue teams think it move the focus of their search toward the east. 4. The families would appreciate it if some clues(线索)would be found 回顾:It 作形式主语的句型: It is reported/ thought/said/predicted that… It is clear/necessary/certain that… It is a pity/a shame/an honor that… It doesn?t matter whether… It seems/appears that? It happens that? 接 it 作形式宾语动词及词组有:
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necessary that they should

1)表示“喜欢、狠”等心理方面的动词:enjoy, prefer, love,like, hate, appreciate dislike 等。 2)习惯搭配:make it (成功) ,see to it that…(务必使), depend on it that…(指望), count on it that…等 6. 考点 6 连接词 what 和 that 区别 1. _______ Beijing will do is to provide legal aid (法律支持)for relatives of the passengers. 2.______ the government has also ensured(确保) their travel costs and other services is a great comfort to them. 3. It is also delightful ___volunteers have been sent to help the families. 4.But ____is strange is that a Malaysia wizard(巫师) was invited to search for the missing plane. 5. We have no idea ____will happen next 总结:that 和 what 的选用 that 和 what 都可引导所有的名词性从句。但是,______除起连接作用外,还在 名词性从句中充当成分,可作从句的____、____、 _____、或____。而_____在 名词性从句中不充当任何成分,只起_______作用。 Step3 Practice and consolidation Activity:Ask students to discuss the exercises done in advance and share their answers with others. 设计目的:让学生回归高考真题,通过讨论,巩固和复习名词性从句的考点。 Step4 Output Activies:Instruct students to write noun clauses based on the pictures. 设计目的:让学生将枯燥的语法用于生活中,学以致用,复习所学语法,激发学 生学习兴趣。 Step 5 Homework 1. Summarize the important points of noun clauses. 2. Write a paragraph of the missing plane using noun clauses. Step 6 课后反思 存在的问题:

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1)本节课的重点是复习和回顾名词性从句的高考考点, 教学方法应该以学生 感知、探索、总结为主,但是在本节课上,学生活动有点少,学生的总结 都是在老师的引导之下进行的,在一定程度上束缚了学生的思维; 2)课堂用语不够简短、明确。 解决措施: 在以后的教学中,我打算从以下方面解决本节课的问题: 1)呈现以“马航失联事件”为材料的英文段落,让学生先读,从中找出名词 性从句,再让学生造句,自己总结考点和易错点,如果有不充分的地方老 师进行补充,接下来让学生进行高考真题练习,造句和写作,整个课堂过 程为:段落-句子-语法-习题-段落。; 2)课前做好充分的准备,规范课堂用语。

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Apendixes

【名词性从句-链接高考】
1. His handwriting is so confusing that it?s difficult to make out ____it is he is trying to express.(安徽 33) A.that B.how C.who D.what

2.Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious___the problem itself is.(湖南 31) A.what B.that C.which D.why

3.I?d like to start my own business---that?s___I?d do if I had the money. (陕西 15) A.why B.when C.which D.what

4.Why don?t you bring ___ to his attention that you?re too ill to work on?(江西 25) A.that B.it C.this D.him

5.It is still a question ___ the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not. A.whether B.when C.which D.where (重庆 22)

6. It is by no means clear A. how B. Which

the president can do to end the strike. (全国 3) C. that D. what

7.Our teachers always tell us to believe in ____ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A.why B.how C.what D.which (四川 10)

8.Modern science has given clear evidence ____ smoking can lead to many diseases. (天津 13) A.what B.which C.that D.where

9.It was never clear ____ the man hadn?t reported the accident sooner.(江苏 26) A.that B.how C.when D.why

10.I?m afraid he?s more of a talker than a doer, which is ____ he never finishes anything. A.that B.when C.where D.why (山东 26)

11.We?ve offered her the job, but I don?t know ____she?ll accept it. (山东 33) A.where B.what C.whether D.which

12.Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ____ to read fast.(辽宁 23) A.what B.who C.how D.why

13.When the news came ______the war broke out,he decided to serve in the army. (辽宁 32) A.since B.which C.that D.because (北京 22)

14._____Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A.Which B.What C.That D.Whom

15.The shocking news made me realize ____ terrible problems we would face.
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(北京 31)

A.what

B.how

C.that

D.why

Make sentences with noun clauses based on the pictures.

It is well known that ... What is known to us all is that ... missing 1._____________________________________________________________________________.

马来政府:the Malaysia government 2. What shocked me most was that________________________________________________

3.The relatives are grieved and wish that____________________________________________

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4.Fortunately, dozens of rescue satellites were commanded that ________________________

志愿者:volunteers 5.We are also delighted at the news that_____________________________________________

登机:board the plane 假护照:fake passports 6. It is strange that_____________________________________________________________.

7.I don’t know whether/when_____________________________________________________ I have no idea whether/when_____________________________________________________

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安全无恙: safe and sound 8. But we are still waiting for the good news that______________________________________

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