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2非谓语动词做宾补的归纳


第2讲

非谓语动词做宾补的归纳

教学目标:在前面非谓语动词单项选择的基础上,进行理论和实践的提高,争取在综合能力上有所突 破。

第一部分:非谓语动词做宾补的情形和考点
一:分词、不定式做宾语补足语的区别 1. 感官动词 see,watch,observe,look at, hear, listen to

,notice 等和使役动词 have 后面的宾补有两种情况: ① 当宾语与宾语补足语这个动作之间存在逻辑上的主动关系时, 需用不带 to 的动词不定式或者 现在分词 doing。前者表动作已完成,后者表动作正在进行。 如:I heard her sing an Englihs song just now.(主动,完成) I heard her singing an English song when I passed by.(主动,进行) ②当宾语与宾语补足语之间存在逻辑上的被动关系时, 需用过去分词或现在分词的被动形态 being done(前者表完成或者没有具体的时间性,而后者表示正在进行) 如:I heard an English song being sung when I passed by the room. I want to have my hair cut.(被动,没有具体的时间性) 一定注意:不及物动词的过去分词不表被动,只表示这个动作处于完成状态。 如: I looked down at my neck and found my necklace gone.(表完成) I was surprised to find my hometown changed so much .(不是说被改变,而是说变化已然产生了,注 意这个 change 是不及物动词,如 the world is always changing.一样) 2. 使役动词 let 后加复合宾语时,当宾语与宾语补足语在逻辑上为主动关系时,需用不带 to 的动词 不定式;当宾语与宾语补足语在逻辑上为被动关系时,宾语补足语用“be + 过去分词“; 如: Don’t let your child play with matches. Let there be no mistake about it. Let the work be done immediately. 3. leave 后接非谓语动词做补足语的时候,意思为“使…处于某种状态” 搭配有:①leave sb doing sth. ②Leave sth. undone,unfinished,unsettled,untouched ③ Leave sb. to do sth. ④ Leave sth. to be done 如:It’s bad for you to leave the A/C working all night. The guests left most of the dishes untouched. He left, leaving me to do all the rest work.
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We hurriedly ended our meeting, leaving many problems to be settled. 4. have, get 后面接非谓语动词做宾语补足语时,意思为“使,让,叫” 搭配有:①have/get sth. done (让某事由别人去做,让别人帮做某事) 如:I’ll have/get my bike repaired tomorrow. ②Have sth.done “使遭受…” 如: Jack had his leg broken in a match. ③Have sb/sth. doing 让…持续地做某事 ④Get sb./sth. doing 使…开始行动起来 如: After a rest, the officer got the soldiers moving to the front. 一定注意:have sb. doing 若是用在否定句中,have 意思是“容忍” 如: I won’t have you speaking to your dad like that. ⑤have sb. do sth. Get sb. to do sth. 叫某人去做某事 如:My mother had me go to the shop and buy some salt. 二:下列动词后跟带 to 的不定式做补语 Advise sb. to do, allow sb. to do, ask sb. to do,beg sb. to do,cause sb. to do,encourage sb. to do,expect sb. to do,forbid sb. to do, force sb. to do,get sb. to do, intend sb. to do, invite sb. to do,like sb. to do,love sb. to do,order sb. to do, persuade sb. to do, prefer sb. to do, require sb. to do, teach sb. to do, tell sb. to do, want sb. to do, warn sb. to do, wish sb. to do, think sb. to do, wait for sb. to do, call on sb. to do, depend on sb. to do,等等。 以上单词需要常读常记,无它,眼熟口熟而已。 三:注意下列结构用不定式 做主语补足语,它们是: Sb. be said/ believed/ known/reported/considered/found to do 如: He is said to have gone abroad. Heat is considered to be a form of energy.

第二部分:笔头练习
一、分词做宾语补足语 1. She was glad to see her child well __________. A. take care of B. taken care of C. taken care 2. Why do you stand and watch the milk __________. A. boiling B. boiled C. from boiling

D. taking care of

D. having been boiled

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3. I’ve heard him __________ about you often. A. spoke B. speaking C. speak

D. to speak

4. Before he came to London, he had never heard a single English word __________. A. speaking B. spoken C. speak D. being spoken 5. Walking along the river, we heard someone __________ for help. A. shouting B. shout C. shouted D. having shouted 6. I held the little bird in my hand and felt its heart __________. A. jumping B. beating C. bumping 7. ---“Do you smell anything unusual?” ---“Yes. I can smell something __________.” A. burning B. is burning C. having burnt 8. Why do you have the water __________ all the time? A. ran B. to be running C. running

D. knocking

D. burn

D. being running

9. Ellen was absent this morning because she had her tooth __________. A. filling B. having been filled C. filled D. full 10. I can’t _________ you running up and down all day long. A. permit B. let C. have

D. allow

11. Is there anything you want from town? I’m going to get __________. A. those letters mailed B. mailed letters C. to mailed those letters D. those letters mail 12. The teacher got the students __________ all the words they didn’t know. A. looked up B. looking in C. to look up D. look at 13. What did the school master want __________ to the noisy children? A. doing B. to do C. done D. did 14. They wanted the work __________ with great care. A. to have done B. to be done C. doing D. to do 15. I need this chapter __________ before tomorrow. A. rewriting B. rewritten C. rewrite
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D. to write again

16. Having read the Emperor’s New Clothes, we all found it __________. A. interest B. interested C. interesting D. to interest 17. When she returned home, she found the window open and something __________. A. to steal B. losing C. missed D. stolen 18. My hometown is found __________. A. complete changing C. completely change

B. having completely changed D. completely changed

19. We found many people __________ in the meeting room. A. seat B. seating C. to seat

D. seated

20. There was so much noise that the speaker could not make himself _________. A. being heard B. heard C. hearing D. hear 21. Because of my poor English I’m afraid I can’t make myself _________. A. understand B. be understood C. understood D. understanding 22. Don’t let him __________ you __________ for a long time. A. to make, wait B. make, to wait C. make, wait 23. He kept me __________ for many hours. A. to wait B. having been waited

D. to make, to wait

C. waiting

D. waited

24. Mother caught the boy __________ in the corner. A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoking 25. John left his coat __________ on the sofa. A. laying B. lying C. laid 二、不定式做宾语补足语 26. Soon they saw the boy _________ in the crowd. A. disappear B. to disappear C. disappears

D. being smoked

D. lain

D. disappeared

27. Did you notice the little boy __________ away? A. took the candy and run B. take the candy and run C. taking the candy and run D. who taking the candy running

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28. I heard him __________ so. A. says B. saying

C. say

D. said

29. Shall we go and listen to the reviewers __________ on the new film? A. to comment B. comment C. to commenting D. being comment 30. Professor Black had us __________ compositions every Friday. A. to write B. written C. write

D. writing

31. Mrs Smith made her pupils __________ the text three times a week. A. recite B. recited C. reciting D. to recite 32. Will you __________ me __________ out this problem myself? A. permit, working B. let, work C. allowed, to work 33. She was seen __________ model ships in the room. A. made B. to make C. makes 34. Birds are seldom heard __________ at night. A. sing B. singing C. to sing 35. The areoplane was noticed __________ at six. A. take off B. to take off C. get off

D. forbid, to work

D. make

D. to be singing

D. to get off

36. Mr Crossett was make __________ his teaching because of his poor health and old age. A. give up B. give in C. to give up D. to give in 37. The book is said __________ into many foreign languages. A. to have been translated B. to have translated C. to be translating D. having been translated 38. The Marquis was thought _________ some terrible wrongs to his tenants. A. of doing B. that he had done C. to have done D. to have been done 39. The teacher asked him __________. A. to repeat the sentence again C. he would repeat the sentence once more

B. repeat the sentence D. to repeat the sentence

40. The doctor advised Lao Li __________ more rest.
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A. that he get

B. to get

C. would get

D. get

41. Joe wishes us __________ with him. A. to go along B. going along 42. I don’t want __________ . A. that anybody saw me C. that somebody sees me

C. went along

D. will go along

B. anybody to see me D. nobody will see me

43. Do you think it difficult __________ a horse __________? A. to train, jumping B. training, for jumping C. to train, jump D. to train, to jump 44. My car has broken down. Would you help me__________? A. to get the car to start B. get the car start C. to get the car started D. get to start the car 45. “Will you join us?” I invited __________ with us? A. her spending weekend B. her to spending weekend C. her to spend weekend D. she spent weekend 46. It is master Wu who taught us __________ the machine. A. what to do with B. ran C. how to run 47. He ordered the room __________. A. to sweep B. to be swept

D. how could run

C. should sweep

D. swept

48. Tell Tom and Jack _________ each other. A. not quarrel B. not to quarrel with C. to not quarrel with D. they not quarrel 49. He would like them __________ every day. A. to practice B. to practise C. practicing 50. ---“Are you going to leaving now?” ---“Unless you would prefer me __________ here.” A. to stay B. will stay C. that I’ll stay

D. practicing

D. staying

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