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2015届高考高三英语二轮语法专项训练:情态动词与虚拟语气(1)Word版及答案


情态动词与虚拟语气
题一:Mary was badly ill, otherwise she ______. A. would have attended C. could attend B. must have attended D. would attend

题二:They must have enjoyed themselves there,

otherwise they ______so long. A. can’t have stayed C. can’t stay B. wouldn’t have stayed

D. wouldn’t stay

题三:You did turn in your report on time, but it______better, you know. A. could be done C. could have been done B. must be done D. must have been done

题四:—Jenny took the 8:00 bus to Shanghai this morning. —Really? She_______the 9:00 train. It’s much more comfortable and safer to travel by train. A. could have taken D. can take B. should take C. must have taken

题五:It rained and rained as if it ______ . A. never stopped never stop B. had never stopped C. never stops D. would

题六:It looks as if they ______ the truth, but in fact they are not. A. are telling B. tell C. told D. were telling

题七:It’s still early. You A. mustn’t B. wouldn’t

hurry. C. may not D. needn’t

题八:—Catherine, I have cleaned the room for you. —Thanks. You ______ have done it. I could manage it myself. A. needn’t B. wouldn’t
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C. may not

D. shouldn’t

题九:— Happy Teachers’ Day! — Thank you! It’s the best present I _____for. A. should have wished C. may have wished B. must have wished D. could have wished

题十:I_________ have been more than six years old when the accident happened. A. shouldn’t B.couldn’t C.mustn’t D.needn’t

题十一:I offered Jimmy some milk, but he _________drink it. A. mustn’t B. wouldn’t C. shouldn’t D. mightn’t

题十二:I have decided to take the job and I _____ change my mind. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. may not

题十三:You______ have spent any money on the software. It was available for free. A. needn’t B. may not C. can’t D. mustn’t

题十四:As it turned out to be a small house party, we ________ have dressed up so formally. A. shouldn’t B. couldn’t C. might not D. needn’t

题十五:It has been announced that candidates ______ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected. A. can B. will C. may D. shall

题十六:According to the newly-made traffic regulation,whoever drives through red light A. shall be fined at least 200 dollars. B. may C. would D. should

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题十七:If you______me, I would have given you his address. A. asked B. should ask C. had asked D. has asked

题十八:John went to the hospital alone. If he______me about it, I would have gone with him. A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told

题十九:If it ______ another ten minutes, the game would have been called off. A. rained B. would have rained C. have seen D. had rained

题二十:If he ______ so much of his time playing computer games, he might have done something useful. A. hadn’t spent D. were not to spend B. didn’t spend C. shouldn’t spend

题二十一:We ______ work too much for the people. A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

题二十二:You _______ pay too much attention to your reading skill, as it is so important. A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

题二十三:You didn’t drive me. If we ______ in turn, you wouldn’t have got so tired. A. drove B. drove C. were driving D. had driven

题二十四:—Mike, it's a pity you didn’t come to last night’s Concert. It was really great! —Really? If I ______so busy, I would have gone with you. A. hadn't been wouldn’t be
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B. weren’t

C. shouldn’t be

D.

题二十五:Joan ______ come with us this afternoon, but she isn't very sure yet. A. can B. might C. must D. will

题二十六:—Who______ it be that is knocking at the door? —It ______ be Father, but I’m not sure. A. can; must B. can; may C. must; can D. may; must

题二十七:Had he been free yesterday, he ______ to Jane’s birthday party. A. will go B. would have gone C. had gone D. went

题二十八:Had it not been for the sudden rain, we _______ in the zoo, which a lot of people visit every day. A. would enjoy ourselves C. had enjoyed ourselves B. enjoyed ourselves D. would have enjoyed ourselves

题二十九:-Could I have a word with you, mum? -Oh dear, if you _______. A. can B. must C. may D. should

题三十:-May I smoke here? -If you _____ , choose a seat in the smoking section. A. should
题一: A

B. could

C. may

D. must

详解:otherwise 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。由前句中的“was”可知,表示的是与现在过去 事实相反的虚拟语气,主句中的谓语动词应用 would/should/could/might +have done 的结 构。

题二: B

详解:otherwise 引导的是含蓄虚拟条件句。由前句中的“must have enjoyed themselves”
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可知,表示的是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,主句中的谓语动词应用 would/should/could/might +have done 的结构。

题三: C

详解:根据“but it ______ better, you know.”可知,空格处应用“could+ have+过去分 词”形式表示过去本能够做某事而实际未做。

题四: A

详解:根据“It’s much more comfortable and safer to travel by train.”可知,空格 处应用“could+have+过去分词”形式表示过去本能够做某事而实际未做。

题五: D

详解:当 as if 引导的从句所表示的内容与事实相反时,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气。将 来的虚拟,从句的谓语动词用过去将来时。

题六: D

详解:当 as if 引导的从句所表示的内容与事实相反时,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气。根 据 but in fact they are not 可知,从句表示的是与现在事实相反的虚拟语气,即他们现在 没有在说真话,从句的谓语动词应用过去进行时。

题七: D

详解:由 It’s still early 可知,应选 needn’t(不必) 。
题八: A

详解: “needn’t have done 意为“没有必要做??, 实则已经做过了”。 由“I could manage it myself.”表明没有必要帮助把房间打扫干净。

题九: D

详解:A 项意为“本应该期望而实际上并非如此” ;B 项意为“一定希望” ;C 项意为“也许希 望” ;D 项意为“可能希望” 。句意为:——教师节快乐!——谢谢你!这是我所能期望的最好 的礼物了。根据句意可知,应选 D 项。

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题十: B

解析 考查对过去发生的情况的推测。couldn’t have done 是对过去发生情况的否定推测, 其肯定形式同样是对过去发生情况的推测,意为“可能已??” 。shouldn’t have done 本来 不应该??,但实际已经??;needn’t have done 本来不需要??,但实际上已经??; must 表示推测时,只用在肯定句中。故选 B 项。
题十一: B

句意为:我让吉米喝牛奶,但他不肯喝。wouldn’t 过去不情愿, 意为“不愿意,不肯”。

题十二: C

详解:我已经决定接受这份工作,不想改变主义了。won’t 表示将来不情愿,意为“不愿意 不肯”。

题十三: A

详解:“needn’t have done 意为“没有必要做??,实则已经做过了”。 根据 It was available for free.可知,不必花钱而花了。

题十四: D

详解: “needn’t have done 意为“没有必要做??, 实则已经做过了”。 根据 As it turned out to be a small house party 可知,不必那么正式地化妆了。

题十五: D

详解:句意为:已经宣布,考生在收卷前必须坐在自己的座位上不动。shall 用在第三人称的 陈述句中,表示在法律、条款等文件中的规定,意为“必须”。

题十六: A

详解:shall 在第三人称的陈述句中,表示在法律、条款等文件中的规定,意为“必须”。

题十七: C

详解:根据主句谓语动词的形式“wouldn’t have lost”可知,if 引导的条件状语从句表示
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与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,所以答案应选 C。

题十八: D

详解:前一句是陈述语气,说明动作发生在过去,而且后一句的主句已经是“would have gone”的形式,说明是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。与之对应的从句的谓语动词的形式应用 “had +过去分词”形式,所以答案应选 D。

题十九: D

详解:shall 用在第二人称、第三人称的陈述句中表示“许诺”。 详解:根据主句谓语动词的结构“would have been called off”可知,题干是表示与过去 事实相反的虚拟语气,从句的谓语动词应用“had+过去分词”的结构。
题二十: A

详解:根据主句谓语动词的结构“might have done”可知,题干是表示与过去事实相反的虚 拟语气,从句的谓语动词应用“had+过去分词”的结构。

题二十一: A

详解:cannot(can’t)?too?是英语中一个十分有用的表达,意为“无论怎样??也不算 过分,越??越好”。句意为:我们为人民服务无论怎样做也不算过分。

题二十二: A

详解:cannot(can’t)?too?是英语中一个十分有用的表达,意为“无论怎样??也不算 过分,越??越好”。句意为:你无论怎样注意你的阅读技能也不算过分,因为阅读技能是 如此重要。

题二十三: D

详解:由“You didn’t drive me”可知,后句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,其条件句的 谓 语 动 词 要 用 “had+ 过 去 分 词 ” 的 结 构 , 其 主 句 的 谓 语 动 词 要 用 “would/should/could/might+have+过去分词”的结构。

题二十四: A -7-

详解:由上文的两个句子使用“一般过去时”可知,下文的句子是与过去事实相反的虚拟语 气,其条件句的谓语动词要用“had+过去分词”的结构,其主句的谓语动词要用 “would/should/could/might+have+过去分词”的结构。

题二十五: B

详解:从“he isn't sure ”知道,应选 might,表示把握不大的具体可能性。can 和 might 的意思相同, 但 can 表示客观的可能性, 在这里不符合语境。

题二十六: B

详解:表示推测时, can, may 和 must 的区别是:can 用于肯定句、否定句或疑问句中,意为 “可能”; may 用于肯定句或否定句或中, 意为“可能”; must 用在肯定句中, 意为“一定”。 在肯定句中,could,may 和 must 表示具体的可能性,而 can 表示客观的可能性。第一句话为 疑问句,所以第一个空应填 can;第二句话为肯定句, 根据“but I’m not sure”可知,表 示把握不大的具体可能性,所以第二个空应填 may。

题二十七: B

详解:由题意可知,“Had he been free yesterday”是一个与过去事实相反的虚拟条件句。 如果 if 虚拟条件句的谓语中含有 had,那么就可以把 had 提到句首并且把 if 省略,即 If he had been free yesterday 可变成 Had he been free yesterday。因为主从句都是说的过去, 所以主句的谓语动词应用 should/would/could/might+have+过去分词”的结构。

题二十八: C

详解:由题意可知,“Had it not been for the sudden rain”是一个与过去事实相反的虚 拟条件句。 如果 if 虚拟条件句的谓语中含有 had, 那么就可以把 had 提到句首并且把 if 省略, 即 If it had not been for the sudden rain 可变成 Had it not been for the sudden rain。 因为主从句都是说的过去,所以主句的谓语动词应用 should/would/could/might+have+过去 分词”的结构。

题二十九: B

详解:根据句意可知,应选 must(偏偏,非要) 。
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题三十: D

详解:根据句意可知,应选 must(偏偏,非要) 。

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